Integrated geography variables across all IPUMS-International countries

NOTE: Variables harmonized by name (with no GIS boundary files) are only available for countries where year-specific geography is unavailable.
As year-specific geography at the first and second administrative levels becomes available, non-spatially harmonized variables will be phased out.

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Country Status 1 First-level geography 2 Second-level geography 3 Additional geography variables
Consistent boundaries
over time
Year-specific
geography
 Inconsistent 4 boundaries,
harmonized
by name
Consistent boundaries
over time
Year-specific
geography
 Inconsistent 4 boundaries,
harmonized
by name
Argentina
Harmonized
GEO1_AR
GEO1_AR1970 GEO1_AR1980 GEO1_AR1991 GEO1_AR2001 GEO1_AR2010
GEO2_AR
GEO2_AR1970 GEO2_AR1980 GEO2_AR1991 GEO2_AR2001 GEO2_AR2010
Armenia
Harmonized
GEO1_AM
GEO1_AM2001 GEO1_AM2011
Not Available
Not Available
Austria
Harmonized
GEO1_AT
GEO1_AT1971 GEO1_AT1981 GEO1_AT1991 GEO1_AT2001 GEO1_AT2011
GEO2_AT
GEO2_AT1971 GEO2_AT1981 GEO2_AT1991 GEO2_AT2001 GEO2_AT2011
ENUTS1, ENUTS2, ENUTS3
Bangladesh
Harmonized
GEO1_BD
GEO1_BD1991 GEO1_BD2001 GEO1_BD2011
GEO2_BD
GEO2_BD1991 GEO2_BD2001 GEO2_BD2011
UPAZILABD
Belarus
Harmonized
GEO1_BY
GEO1_BY1999
Not Available
Not Available
CITYBY
Bolivia
Harmonized
GEO1_BO
GEO1_BO1976 GEO1_BO1992 GEO1_BO2001
GEO2_BO
GEO2_BO1976 GEO2_BO1992 GEO2_BO2001
Brazil
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_BR
GEO1_BRX
GEO2_BRX
REGNBR, MESOBR, MUNIBR, METROBR
Burkina Faso
Harmonized
GEO1_BF
GEO1_BF1985 GEO1_BF1996 GEO1_BF2006
GEO2_BF
GEO2_BF1985 GEO2_BF1996 GEO2_BF2006
COMMBF
Cambodia
Harmonized
GEO1_KH
GEO1_KH1998 GEO1_KH2008
GEO2_KH
GEO2_KH1998 GEO2_KH2008
Cameroon
Harmonized
GEO1_CM
GEO1_CM1976 GEO1_CM1987 GEO1_CM2005
GEO2_CM
GEO2_CM1976 GEO2_CM1987 GEO2_CM2005
ARRNDCM
Canada
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_CA
GEO1_CAX
Not Available
METROCA
Chile
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_CL
GEO1_CLX
GEO2_CLX
MUNICL, MUNICL2
China
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_CN
GEO1_CNX
GEO2_CNX
Colombia
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_CO
GEO1_COX
GEO2_COX
REGNCO, METROCO, MUNHDCO
Costa Rica
Harmonized
GEO1_CR
GEO1_CR1963 GEO1_CR1973 GEO1_CR1984 GEO1_CR2000 GEO1_CR2011
GEO2_CR
GEO2_CR1963 GEO2_CR1973 GEO2_CR1984 GEO2_CR2000 GEO2_CR2011
REGNCR
Cuba
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_CU
Use
GEO1_CU
GEO2_CUX
Country Status 1 First-level geography 2 Second-level geography 3 Additional geography variables
Consistent boundaries
over time
Year-specific
geography
 Inconsistent 4 boundaries,
harmonized
by name
Consistent boundaries
over time
Year-specific
geography
 Inconsistent 4 boundaries,
harmonized
by name
Dominican Rep.
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_DO
GEO1_DOX
GEO2_DOX
SUBRDO
Ecuador
Harmonized
GEO1_EC
GEO1_EC1962 GEO1_EC1974 GEO1_EC1982 GEO1_EC1990 GEO1_EC2001 GEO1_EC2010
GEO2_EC
GEO2_EC1962 GEO2_EC1974 GEO2_EC1982 GEO2_EC1990 GEO2_EC2001 GEO2_EC2010
Egypt
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_EG
Use
GEO1_EG
GEO2_EGX
El Salvador
Harmonized
GEO1_SV
GEO1_SV1992 GEO1_SV2007
GEO2_SV
GEO2_SV1992 GEO2_SV2007
Ethiopia
Harmonized
GEO1_ET
GEO1_ET1984 GEO1_ET1994 GEO1_ET2007
GEO2_ET
GEO2_ET1984 GEO2_ET1994 GEO2_ET2007
WERDET
Fiji
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_FJ
GEO1_FJX
Not Available
DIVNFJ
France
Harmonized
GEO1_FR
GEO1_FR1962 GEO1_FR1968 GEO1_FR1975 GEO1_FR1982 GEO1_FR1990 GEO1_FR1999 GEO1_FR2006 GEO1_FR2011
Not Available
Not Available
ENUTS1, ENUTS2
Germany
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_DE
Use
GEO1_DE
Not Available
ENUTS1
Ghana
Harmonized
GEO1_GH
GEO1_GH1984 GEO1_GH2000 GEO1_GH2010
GEO2_GH
GEO2_GH2000 GEO2_GH2010
LOCALGH
Greece
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_GR
Use
GEO1_GR
GEO2_GRX
ENUTS1, ENUTS2, ENUTS3
Guinea
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_GN
GEO1_GNX
GEO2_GNX
Haiti
Harmonized
GEO1_HT
GEO1_HT1971 GEO1_HT1982 GEO1_HT2003
GEO2_HT
GEO2_HT1971 GEO2_HT1982 GEO2_HT2003
Hungary
N/A
LOCALHU
India
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_IN
GEO1_INX
GEO2_INX
Indonesia
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_ID
GEO1_IDX
GEO2_IDX
Iran
Harmonized
GEO1_IR
GEO1_IR2006
GEO2_IR
GEO2_IR2006
Iraq
Harmonized
GEO1_IQ
GEO1_IQ1997
GEO2_IQ
GEO2_IQ1997
Country Status 1 First-level geography 2 Second-level geography 3 Additional geography variables
Consistent boundaries
over time
Year-specific
geography
 Inconsistent 4 boundaries,
harmonized
by name
Consistent boundaries
over time
Year-specific
geography
 Inconsistent 4 boundaries,
harmonized
by name
Ireland
Harmonized
GEO1_IE
GEO1_IE1971 GEO1_IE1979 GEO1_IE1981 GEO1_IE1986 GEO1_IE1991 GEO1_IE1996 GEO1_IE2002 GEO1_IE2006 GEO1_IE2011
Not Available
Not Available
ENUTS1, ENUTS2, ENUTS3
Israel
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_IL
Use
GEO1_IL
GEO2_ILX
METROIL
Italy
Harmonized
GEO1_IT
GEO1_IT2001
Not Available
Not Available
ENUTS1, ENUTS2
Jamaica
Harmonized
GEO1_JM
GEO1_JM1982 GEO1_JM1991 GEO1_JM2001
Not Available
Not Available
Jordan
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_JO
Use
GEO1_JO
GEO2_JOX
Kenya
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_KE
GEO1_KEX
GEO2_KEX
Kyrghzstan
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_KG
Use
GEO1_KG
GEO2_KGX
Liberia
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_LR
GEO1_LRX
GEO2_LRX
Malawi
Harmonized
GEO1_MW
GEO1_MW1987 GEO1_MW1998 GEO1_MW2008
GEO2_MW
GEO2_MW1987 GEO2_MW1998 GEO2_MW2008
Malaysia
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_MY
GEO1_MYX
GEO2_MYX
Mali
Harmonized
GEO1_ML
GEO1_ML1987 GEO1_ML1998 GEO1_ML2009
GEO2_ML
GEO2_ML1987 GEO2_ML1998 GEO2_ML2009
DISTML
Mexico
Harmonized
GEO1_MX
GEO1_MX1960 GEO1_MX1970 GEO1_MX1990 GEO1_MX1995 GEO1_MX2000 GEO1_MX2005 GEO1_MX2010
GEO2_MX
GEO2_MX1960 GEO2_MX1970 GEO2_MX1990 GEO2_MX1995 GEO2_MX2000 GEO2_MX2005 GEO2_MX2010
SIZEMX
Mongolia
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_MN
GEO1_MNX
Morocco
Harmonized
GEO1_MA
GEO1_MA1982 GEO1_MA1994 GEO1_MA2004
GEO2_MA
GEO2_MA1982 GEO2_MA1994 GEO2_MA2004
Mozambique
Harmonized
GEO1_MZ
GEO1_MZ1997 GEO1_MZ2007
GEO2_MZ
GEO2_MZ1997 GEO2_MZ2007
APOSTMZ
Country Status 1 First-level geography 2 Second-level geography 3 Additional geography variables
Consistent boundaries
over time
Year-specific
geography
 Inconsistent 4 boundaries,
harmonized
by name
Consistent boundaries
over time
Year-specific
geography
 Inconsistent 4 boundaries,
harmonized
by name
Nepal
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_NP
Use
GEO1_NP
GEO2_NPX
Netherlands
N/A
Nicaragua
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_NI
GEO1_NIX
GEO2_NIX
Nigeria
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_NG
Use
GEO1_NG
Not Available
ZONENG
Pakistan
Harmonized
GEO1_PK
GEO1_PK1973 GEO1_PK1981 GEO1_PK1998
GEO2_PK
GEO2_PK1973 GEO2_PK1981 GEO2_PK1998
DISTPK
Palestine
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_PS
Use
GEO1_PS
Not Available
Panama
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_PA
GEO2_PA
GEO2_PA1960 GEO2_PA1970 GEO2_PA1980 GEO2_PA1990 GEO2_PA2000 GEO2_PA2010
Paraguay
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_PY
GEO1_PYX
GEO2_PYX
Peru
Harmonized
GEO1_PE
GEO1_PE1993 GEO1_PE2007
GEO2_PE
GEO2_PE1993 GEO2_PE2007
Philippines
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_PH
GEO1_PHX
GEO2_PHX
MUNIPH, CITYPH
Portugal
Harmonized
GEO1_PT
GEO1_PT1981 GEO1_PT1991 GEO1_PT2001 GEO1_PT2011
Not Available
Not Available
REGNPT, CITYPT, ENUTS1, ENUTS2, ENUTS3
Puerto Rico
Harmonized
GEO1_PR
GEO1_PR1970 GEO1_PR1980 GEO1_PR1990 GEO1_PR2000 GEO1_PR2005 GEO1_PR2010
Not Available
Not Available
SPUMAPR, METROPR
Romania
Harmonized
GEO1_RO
GEO1_RO1977 GEO1_RO1992 GEO1_RO2002
Not Available
Not Available
REGNRO, ENUTS1, ENUTS2, ENUTS3
Rwanda
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_RW
GEO1_RWX
Not Available
Country Status 1 First-level geography 2 Second-level geography 3 Additional geography variables
Consistent boundaries
over time
Year-specific
geography
 Inconsistent 4 boundaries,
harmonized
by name
Consistent boundaries
over time
Year-specific
geography
 Inconsistent 4 boundaries,
harmonized
by name
Saint Lucia
N/A
Senegal
Harmonized
GEO1_SN
GEO1_SN1988 GEO1_SN2002
GEO2_SN
GEO2_SN1988 GEO2_SN2002
Sierra Leone
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_SL
Use
GEO1_SL
GEO2_SLX
Slovenia
Harmonized
GEO1_SI
GEO1_SI2002
Not Available
Not Available
ENUTS1, ENUTS2, ENUTS3
South Africa
Harmonized
GEO1_ZA
GEO1_ZA1996 GEO1_ZA2001 GEO1_ZA2007 GEO1_ZA2011
GEO2_ZA
GEO2_ZA1996 GEO2_ZA2001 GEO2_ZA2007 GEO2_ZA2011
MUNIZA, MAGISZA
South Sudan
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_SS
Use
GEO1_SS
GEO2_SSX
REGNSS
Spain
Harmonized
GEO1_ES
GEO1_ES1981 GEO1_ES1991 GEO1_ES2001 GEO1_ES2011
GEO2_ES
GEO2_ES1981 GEO2_ES1991 GEO2_ES2001 GEO2_ES2011
MUNIES, ENUTS1, ENUTS2, ENUTS3
Sudan
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_SD
Use
GEO1_SD
GEO2_SDX
REGNSD
Switzerland
Harmonized
GEO1_CH
GEO1_CH1970 GEO1_CH1980 GEO1_CH1990 GEO1_CH2000
Not Available
Not Available
ENUTS1, ENUTS2, ENUTS3
Tanzania
Harmonized
GEO1_TZ
GEO1_TZ1988 GEO1_TZ2002
GEO2_TZ
GEO2_TZ1988 GEO2_TZ2002
Thailand
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_TH
GEO1_THX
REGNTH
Turkey
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_TR
GEO1_TRX
GEO2_TRX
Uganda
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_UG
GEO1_UGX
GEO2_UGX
Ukraine
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_UA
Use
GEO1_UA
GEO2_UAX
United Kingdom
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_UK
GEO1_UKX
Not Available
ENUTS1
United States
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_US
Use
GEO1_US
Not Available
REGNUS, METROUS, CITYUS
Uruguay
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_UY
Use
GEO1_UY
Not Available
Venezuela
Harmonized
GEO1_VE
GEO1_VE1971 GEO1_VE1981 GEO1_VE1990 GEO1_VE2001
GEO2_VE
GEO2_VE1971 GEO2_VE1981 GEO2_VE1990 GEO2_VE2001
Vietnam
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_VN
GEO1_VNX
GEO2_VNX
REGNVN
Zambia
Not yet harmonized
GEO1_ZM
GEO1_ZMX
GEO2_ZMX
CONSTZM


1. Status summarizes the information for the country, indicating whether the treatment of geography has been revised to include
the set of harmonized variables and GIS files for first and second administrative levels. See the discussion here for more information.

2. First level usually corresponds to the highest or major administrative level of geography within the country.

3. Second level usually corresponds to the second or minor adminstrative level of geography within the country.

4. Inconsistent boundaries, harmonized by name, available until year specific geography is available.