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China, Province 1982 - 2000 [Level 1; consistent boundaries, GIS]

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GEO1_CN identifies the household's province within China in all sample years. Provinces are the first level administrative units of the country. GEO1_CN is spatially harmonized to account for political boundary changes across census years. Some detail is lost in harmonization; see the comparability discussion. A GIS map (in shapefile format), corresponding to GEO1_CN can be downloaded from the GIS Boundary files page in the IPUMS International web site.

The full set of geography variables for China can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level, refer to GEOLEV1, and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

Where boundaries changed over time, units were harmonized to create units with boundaries that remain stable over time.

  • Hainan split from Guangdong in 1988.
  • Chongqing split from Sichuan in 1997.


  • All households


  • China: 1982, 1990, 2000