Spatially harmonized first-level geography

Harmonized first-level geography is available through a single global shapefile and individual country shapefiles applying to all countries in IPUMS. The shapefile corresponds to the variable GEOLEV1, which provides geographically stable first-level subnational units over time. IPUMS also provides harmonized migration variables where migration codes match corresponding harmonized first-level geography codes.

Changes over time in administrative boundaries are handled by combining the affected geographic units to create larger, temporally stable units comprised of two or more states, provinces, etc. Although most boundary changes involve the splitting of a larger unit into two or more smaller ones, other types of changes include the shifting of state or province boundaries.

The attribute data for the global file include codes for the GEOLEV1 variable, the BPLCOUNTRY (country of birth) variable, and the COUNTRY (country of residence) variable. The first three digits of GEOLEV1 give the country code, and the last three digits specify the first-level geographic unit within countries.

Download global GEOLEV1 shapefile (.shp)

The table below lists the major unit of geography identified for each IPUMS-International country and provides GIS shapefiles for the sample years represented in the spatially harmonized geography and migration variables. Some countries (e.g. Chile, Morocco, and Poland) have two sets of spatially harmonized geography due to reorganization of administrative boundaries between census years.

Country First-level geography First-level geography variable Corresponding first-level migration variables GIS files
Argentina Province GEO1_AR MIG1_5_AR 1970-2010
Armenia Province GEO1_AM MIG1_P_AM 2001-2011
Austria State GEO1_AT n.a. 1971-2011
Bangladesh Division GEO1_BD n.a. 1991-2011
Belarus Region GEO1_BY MIG1_P_BY 1999-2009
Benin Department GEO1_BJ MIG1_P_BJ 1979-2013
Bolivia Department GEO1_BO MIG1_5_BO 1976-2012
Botswana District GEO1_BW MIG1_1_BW MIG1_5_BW 1981-2011
Brazil State GEO1_BR MIG1_P_BR MIG1_5_BR 1960-2010
Burkina Faso Region GEO1_BF Not yet available 1996-2006
Cambodia Province GEO1_KH MIG1_P_KH 1998-2013
Cameroon Province GEO1_CM MIG1_P_CM MIG1_5_CM 1976-2005
Canada Province GEO1_CA MIG1_1_CA MIG1_5_CA 1971-2011
Chile Region REGNCL n.a. 1982-2017
Chile Province GEO1ALT_CL MIG1ALT_P_CL MIG1ALT_5_CL 1960-1970
Chile Province GEO1_CL MIG1_5_CL 1982-2017
China Province GEO1_CN MIG1_5_CN 1982-2000
Colombia Department GEO1_CO MIG1_P_CO MIG1_5_CO 1964-2005
Costa Rica Province GEO1_CR MIG1_P_CR MIG1_5_CR 1963-2011
Cuba Province GEO1_CU MIG1_P_CU 2002-2012
Dominican Republic Province GEO1_DO MIG1_5_DO 1960-2010
Ecuador Province GEO1_EC MIG1_P_EC MIG1_5_EC 1962-2010
Egypt Governorate GEO1_EG MIG1_P_EG 1986-2006
El Salvador Department GEO1_SV MIG1_P_SV 1992-2007
Ethiopia Region GEO1_ET Not yet available 1994-2007
Fiji Province GEO1_FJ MIG1_5_FJ 1966-2014
Finland n.a. n.a. n.a. 2010
France Region GEO1_FJ MIG1_P_FR 1962-2011
Germany State GEO1_DE n.a. 1970-1987
Ghana Region GEO1_GH MIG1_5_GH 1984-2010
Greece Department GEO1_GR MIG1_1_GR MIG1_5_GR 1971-2011
Guinea Region GEO1_GN MIG1_P_GN 1983-2014
Guatemala Department GEO1_GT MIG1_P_GT MIG1_5_GT 1964-2002
Haiti Department GEO1_HT MIG1_P_HT MIG1_5_HT 1971-2003
Honduras Department GEO1_HN MIG1_5_HN 1961-2001
Hungary n.a. n.a. n.a. 1970-2001
India State GEO1_IN n.a. 1983-2009
Indonesia Province GEO1_ID MIG1_P_ID MIG1_5_ID 1971-2010
Iran Province GEO1_IR MIG1_P_IR 2006-2011
Iraq Governorate GEO1_IQ MIG1_P_IQ MIG1_10_IQ 1997
Ireland Region GEO1_IE MIG1_1_IE 1971-2016
Israel District GEO1_IL MIG1_5_IL 1972-1995
Italy Region GEO1_IT MIG1_1_IT 2001-2020
Jamaica Parish GEO1_JM MIG1_P_JM 1982-2001
Jordan Governorate GEO1_JO n.a. 2004
Kenya Province GEO1_KE MIG1_1_KE 1969-2009
Kyrgyz Republic Region GEO1_KG MIG1_P_KG 1999-2009
Laos Province GEO1_LA MIG1_10_LA 2005
Lesotho District GEO1_LS n.a. 1996-2006
Liberia County GEO1_LR n.a. 1974-2008
Malawi District GEO1_MW MIG1_P_MW MIG1_1_MW 1998-2008
Malaysia State GEO1_MY MIG1_5_MY 1970-2000
Mali Region GEO1_ML MIG1_P_ML 1987-2009
Mauritius District GEO1_MU MIG1_5_MU 1990-2011
Mexico State GEO1_MX MIG1_P_MX MIG1_5_MX 1960-2020
Mongolia Province GEO1_MN MIG1_P_MN MIG1_5_MN 1989-2000
Morocco Region GEO1_MA n.a. 2014
Morocco Region GEO1ALT_MA MIG1ALT_P_MA MIG1ALT_5_MA 1982-2004
Mozambique Province GEO1_MZ MIG1_1_MZ 1997-2007
Myanmar State GEO1_MM MIG1_P_MM 2014
Nepal Administrative zone GEO1_NP MIG1_5_NP 2001-2011
Netherlands n.a. n.a. n.a. 1960-2011
Nicaragua Department GEO1_NI MIG1_5_NI 1971-2005
Nigeria State GEO1_NG n.a. 2006-2010
Pakistan Province GEO1_PK MIG1_8_PK 1973-1998
Palestine Governorate GEO1_PS n.a. 1997-2017
Panama Province GEO1_PA MIG1_P_PA 1960-2010
Papua New Guinea Province GEO1_PG MIG1_1_PG MIG1_5_PG 1980-2000
Paraguay Department GEO1_PY MIG1_5_PY 1962-2002
Peru Department GEO1_PE MIG1_5_PE 1993-2007
Philippines Province GEO1_PH MIG1_P_PH MIG1_5_PH MIG1_10_PH 1990-2010
Poland Vovoidship (Province) GEO1ALT_PL n.a. 1978-1988
Poland Vovoidship (Province) GEO1_PL MIG1_1_PL 2002-2011
Portugal Subregion GEO1_PT MIG1_1_PT MIG1_5_PT MIG1_7_PT 1981-2011
Puerto Rico PUMA GEO1_PR n.a. 1980-2010
Romania County GEO1_RO MIG1_P_RO 1977-2011
Russia Region GEO1_RU MIG1_1_RU 2002-2010
Rwanda Province GEO1_RW MIG1_P_RW 1991-2002
Saint Lucia District GEO1_LC n.a. 1980-1991
Senegal Region GEO1_SN MIG1_5_SN MIG1_10_SN 1988-2013
Sierra Leone District GEO1_SL MIG1_5_SL MIG1_14_SL 2004-2015
Slovakia Kraj GEO1_SK n.a. 1991-2011
Slovenia Region GEO1_SI MIG1_P_SI 2002
South Africa Province GEO1_ZA MIG1_P_ZA MIG1_5_ZA 2001-2016
South Sudan State GEO1_SS MIG1_1_SS 2008
Spain Communities & autonomous cities GEO1_ES MIG1_P_ES MIG1_1_ES MIG1_5_ES MIG1_10_ES 1981-2020
Sudan State GEO1_SD MIG1_1_SD 2008
Suriname District GEO1_SR MIG1_P_SR 2004-2012
Switzerland Canton GEO1_CH n.a. 1970-2000
Tanzania Region GEO1_TZ MIG1_1_TZ MIG1_10_TZ 1988-2012
Thailand Province GEO1_TH MIG1_P_TH 1970-2000
Togo Region GEO1_TG MIG1_P_TG 1970-2010
Trinidad and Tobago Region GEO1_TT MIG1_P_TT MIG1_1_TT MIG1_5_TT MIG1_10_TT 1970-2011
Turkey Province GEO1_TR n.a. 1985-2000
Uganda District GEO1_UG MIG1_P_UG 1991-2014
Ukraine Region GEO1_UA MIG1_P_UA 2001
United Kingdom Region GEO1_UK MIG1_1_UK 1991-2001
United States State GEO1_US MIG1_1_US MIG1_5_US 1960-2015
Uruguay Department GEO1_UY MIG1_P_UY MIG1_5_UY 1963-2011
Venezuela State GEO1_VE MIG1_P_VE MIG1_5_VE 1971-2001
Vietnam Province GEO1_VN MIG1_5_VN 1989-2009
Zambia Province GEO1_ZM MIG1_1_ZM 1990-2010
Zimbabwe Province GEO1_ZW MIG1_10_ZW 2012

n.a. = Not available in the sample data.

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