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Province of residence 5 years ago, Ecuador; consistent boundaries, GIS

Codes and Frequencies

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MIG1_5_EC indicates the person's province of residence in Ecuador five years prior to the census.

Click on the Source Variables tab for information on place of residence for each sample year. Source variables may contain more geographic unit detail but are not suitable for cross-temporal comparison.

Comparability — General

Where boundaries changed over time, units were harmonized to create units with boundaries that remain stable over time.

Boundary changes and confidentiality issues:

  • Sucumbios was created in 1989 and Orellana was created in 1998; both units were formed from the province of Napa.
  • In 2007 two new provinces were created: Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas formed form Pichincha and Santa Elena from Guayas.
  • Galapagos Islands are combined with Guayas for confidentiality reasons.


  • Persons age 5+


  • Ecuador: 1990, 2001, 2010