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Ecuador, Province 1962 - 2010 [Level 1; consistent boundaries, GIS]

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GEO1_EC identifies the household's province within Ecuador in all sample years. Provinces are the first level administrative units of the country. GEO1_EC is spatially harmonized accounting for political boundary changes across census years. Some detail is lost in harmonization; see the comparability discussion. A GIS map (in shapefile format), corresponding to GEO1_EC can be downloaded from the GIS Boundary files page in the IPUMS International web site.

The full set of geography variables for Ecuador can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level refer to GEOLEV1, and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

Where boundaries changed over time, units were harmonized to create units with boundaries that remain stable over time. Where officially-defined provinces have populations less than 20,000, they have been regionalized (combined) with neighboring provinces.

Boundary changes and confidentiality issues:

  • Sucumbios was created in 1989 and Orellana was created in 1998; both units were formed from the province of Napa.
  • In 2007 two new provinces were created: Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas formed form Pichincha and Santa Elena from Guayas.
  • Galapagos Islands are combined with Guayas for confidentiality reasons.


  • All households


  • Ecuador: 1962, 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001, 2010