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Germany, State 1970 - 1987 [Level 1; consistent boundaries, GIS]

Codes and Frequencies

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GEO1_DE identifies the household's state within Germany in all sample years. States are the first level administrative units of the country. GEO1_DE is spatially harmonized to account for political boundary changes across census years. Some detail is lost in harmonization; see the comparability discussion. A GIS map (in shapefile format), corresponding to GEO1_DE can be downloaded from the GIS Boundary files page in the IPUMS International web site.

The full set of geography variables for Germany can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level refer to GEOLEV1, and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

The 1970 and 1987 samples refer to the federal states within West Germany (Federal Republic), and the 1971 and 1981 samples refer to the states within East Germany (Democratic Republic). The variables are comparable across times within each region. East and West Berlin are identified separately.


  • All households


  • Germany: 1970, 1971, 1981, 1987