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Rwanda, Province 1991 - 2002 [Level 1; consistent boundaries, GIS]

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GEO1_RW identifies the household's province within Rwanda in 1991 and 2002. Provinces are the first level administrative units of the country. GEO1_RW is spatially harmonized to account for political boundary changes across census years. Some detail is lost in harmonization; see the comparability discussion. A GIS map (in shapefile format), corresponding to GEO1_RW can be downloaded from the GIS Boundary files page in the IPUMS International web site.

The full set of geography variables for Rwanda can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level refer to GEOLEV1, and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

Where boundaries changed over time, units were harmonized to create units with boundaries that remain stable over time.

  • The province of Umutara formed out of parts of Byumba and Kibungo in 1996.
  • The boundary of Kigali-Ville changed in 1996 such that it acquired parts of Kigali Ngali. Kigali Ngali also expanded its borders and acquired parts of Kibango.

Note that the 2012 sample is not included in GEO1_RW. In 2006, the twelve provinces of Rwanda were abolished and replaced with five provinces with entirely different boundaries. For information on the 2012 provinces of Rwanda, refer to GEO1_RW2012


  • All households


  • Rwanda: 1991, 2002