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Malaysia, State 1970 - 2000 [Level 1; consistent boundaries, GIS]

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GEO1_MY identifies the household's state within Malaysia in all sample years. States are the first level administrative units of the country. GEO1_MY is spatially harmonized to account for political boundary changes across census years. Some detail is lost in harmonization; see the comparability discussion. A GIS map (in shapefile format), corresponding to GEO1_MY can be downloaded from the GIS Boundary files page in the IPUMS International web site.

The full set of geography variables for Malaysia can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level, refer to GEOLEV1, and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

Where boundaries changed over time, units were harmonized to create units with boundaries that remain stable over time.

  • Kuala Lumpur Federal Territory was formed out of Selangor in 1974.
  • Labuan Federal Territory split from Sabah in 1984.

Missing states: The 1970 and 1980 samples are missing 2 states.

  • Sabah (Labuan Federal Territory part of Sabah in 1970 and 1980)
  • Sarawak


  • All households


  • Malaysia: 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000