Codes and Frequencies
Most IPUMS data transformations are performed using variable harmonization tables that specify how each value in the source data is recoded. Some variables also require programming logic in addition to the harmonization table. The harmonization documents for this variable are:
GEO1_PY identifies the household's department within Paraguay in all sample years. Departments are the first level administrative units of the country. GEO1_PY is spatially harmonized accounting for political boundary changes across census years. Some detail is lost in harmonization; see the comparability discussion. A GIS map (in shapefile format), corresponding to GEO1_PY can be downloaded from the GIS Boundary files page in the IPUMS International web site.
The full set of geography variables for Paraguay can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level refer to GEOLEV1, and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.
Comparability — General
Where boundaries changed over time, units were harmonized to create units with boundaries that remain stable over time.
Boundary changes according to the Atlas Censal del Paraguay, Dirección General De Estadistíca, Encuestas Y Censos:
- Change in boundaries between Misiones and Ñeembucú
- Change in boundaries between Guairá, Caazapá, and Paraguarí
- Change in boundaries between Caaguazú, Alto Paraná, and Canindeyú. Canindeyú created in the 1982 census
- Change in boundaries between Presidente Hayes, Boqueron, and Alto Paraguay
- The two departments Chaco and Nueva Asunción existed only in the 1982 census
- All households
- Paraguay: 1962, 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002