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BPLCOUNTRY
Country of birth

Codes and Frequencies



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      class Bplcountry:public Editor {

public:
    Bplcountry(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::jm1982a:
            if (JM1982A_0073(0) > 0)
                a = 0;
            break;
        case dataset_id::mw1987a:
            if (MW1987A_0408() < 3000 || MW1987A_0408() == 8000)
                a = 11080;
            break;
        case dataset_id::mz1997a:
            if (MZ1997A_0409() == 99 && MZ1997A_0404() <= 2 && MZ1997A_0406() == 99)
                a = 0;
            break;
        case dataset_id::mz2007a:
            if (MZ2007A_0409() == 99 && MZ2007A_0404() <= 2 && MZ2007A_0406() == 99)
                a = 0;
            break;
        case dataset_id::za2011a:
            if (ZA2011A_0413() == 999 && ZA2011A_0412() == 99)
                a = 0;
            break;
        case dataset_id::tt1980a:
        {
            if (TT1980A_0406() == 99 && TT1980A_0405() == 8)
                a = 99999;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::tt2000a:
        {
            if (TT2000A_0408() == 999 && TT2000A_0406() == 9)
                a = 99999;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::tt2011a:
        {
            if (TT2011A_0413() == 9999 && TT2011A_0402() < 20 && TT2011A_0410() == 1)
                a = 21250;
            if (TT2011A_0413() == 9999 && TT2011A_0402() < 20 && TT2011A_0410() == 9)
                a = 99999;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::ca2001a:
        {
            if (CA2001A_0412() == 99 && CA2001A_0411() > 0 && CA2001A_0411() < 6)
                a = 24020;
            if (CA2001A_0412() == 99 && CA2001A_0411() == 6)
                a = 24040;
            if (CA2001A_0412() == 99 && CA2001A_0411() == 7)
                a = 42120;
            if (CA2001A_0412() == 99 && CA2001A_0411() == 8)
                a = 44040;
            if (CA2001A_0412() == 99 && CA2001A_0411() == 9)
                a = 44080;
            if (CA2001A_0412() == 99 && CA2001A_0411() == 10)
                a = 49999;
            if (CA2001A_0412() == 99 && CA2001A_0411() == 11)
                a = 39999;
            if (CA2001A_0412() == 99 && CA2001A_0411() == 12)
                a = 90000;
        }
        break;
        }


        setData(a);
    }
};

    

Description

BPLCOUNTRY indicates the person's country of birth.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Argentina
Bolivia
Canada
Fiji
France
Ireland
Spain

Comparability — General

The list of countries available in each census differs significantly. The censuses that do not provide specific country of birth for foreign-born persons are not included in this variable, but foreign-born persons can be distinguished from native-born persons using the variable NATIVITY.

The first digit of BPLCOUNTRY corresponds to continents and the second to subcontinental regions. The first digit is fully comparable; the second is largely so. The third and fourth digits are to be read together and identify countries alphabetically by English name within subcontinents. The final digit, which is used sparingly, preserves detail for specific countries. Typically, earlier samples for a given country have less detail than later ones.

Some countries get individual codes and others are grouped under the "not specified" ("n.s.") categories coded at the end of the numbering system for their region (codes ending in "999"). The "not specified" categories within each continent or subcontinent are relative to the country availability in each census, which can differ greatly.

With minor exceptions, BPLCOUNTRY follows the geographical groupings designed by the United Nations. Some places that get their own distinct country code in the UN system are (infrequently) coded together in IPUMS-International in order to increase compatibility across samples (e.g., Korea rather than North Korea and South Korea). The final digit of BPLCOUNTRY retains the full geographic information to distinguish among these combined categories within countries.

In addition to the differing availability of country codes, users should be aware of historical changes in the boundaries of countries and the creation of new countries over time. Essentially, users must ask themselves where a person who responded with a given country of birth would have been coded in a census, given the available categories specified in that sample.

An alternative weight variable must be used to yield accurate statistics for 1991 Argentina.

Comparability — Argentina [top]

In 1991, roughly half the cases in the sample lack data for this and several other variables. Users should apply the alternative weight variable AR1991A_0434 when using one of these variables.

Comparability — Bolivia [top]

The 1976 sample has more detailed information than 2001. The 2012 sample was addressed to persons who were born abroad.

Comparability — Canada [top]

The universe is all persons except that the 1981 sample excludes inmates.

Comparability — Fiji [top]

The 2007 sample has more detailed information than the other samples.

Comparability — France [top]

The variable is available only in the 2006 sample. The countries of birth are grouped into 12 broad categories.

Comparability — Ireland [top]

The 2002, 2006 and 2011 censuses asked non-absent persons at the time of census, whereas all other censuses (1971-1996) asked all persons. In 2016, the census question refers to present persons.

The number of countries specified increases over time.

Comparability — Spain [top]

The 2001 sample identifies many more countries than the 1981 sample.

Universe

  • Argentina 1970: All persons
  • Argentina 1980: All persons
  • Argentina 1991: All persons
  • Argentina 2001: All persons
  • Argentina 2010: All persons
  • Armenia 2011: All persons
  • Austria 2001: All persons
  • Austria 2011: All persons
  • Belarus 2009: All persons
  • Benin 2002: All persons
  • Benin 2013: All persons
  • Bolivia 1976: All persons
  • Bolivia 2001: All persons
  • Bolivia 2012: All persons
  • Brazil 1960: All persons
  • Brazil 1970: All persons
  • Brazil 1980: All persons
  • Brazil 1991: All persons
  • Brazil 2000: All persons
  • Brazil 2010: All persons
  • Burkina Faso 1996: All persons
  • Burkina Faso 2006: All persons
  • Cambodia 1998: All persons
  • Cambodia 2004: All persons
  • Cambodia 2008: All persons
  • Cambodia 2013: Present Persons
  • Cameroon 1976: All persons
  • Cameroon 1987: All persons
  • Canada 1971: All persons
  • Canada 1981: All persons except inmates
  • Canada 1991: All persons
  • Canada 2001: All persons
  • Canada 2011: All persons
  • Chile 1970: All persons
  • Chile 1982: All persons
  • Chile 1992: All persons
  • Chile 2002: All persons
  • Colombia 1964: All persons
  • Colombia 1973: All persons
  • Colombia 1993: All persons
  • Colombia 2005: All persons
  • Costa Rica 1963: All persons
  • Costa Rica 1973: All persons
  • Costa Rica 1984: All persons
  • Costa Rica 2000: All persons
  • Costa Rica 2011: All persons
  • Cuba 2002: All persons
  • Cuba 2012: All persons
  • Dominican Republic 1981: All persons
  • Dominican Republic 2002: All persons
  • Dominican Republic 2010: All persons
  • Ecuador 1962: All persons
  • Ecuador 1974: All persons
  • Ecuador 1982: All persons
  • Ecuador 2010: All persons
  • El Salvador 2007: All persons
  • Fiji 1966: All persons
  • Fiji 1976: All persons
  • Fiji 1986: All persons
  • Fiji 1996: All persons
  • Fiji 2007: All persons
  • Finland 2010: All persons
  • France 2006: All persons
  • France 2011: All persons
  • Ghana 1984: All persons
  • Greece 2001: All persons
  • Greece 2011: All persons
  • Guatemala 1964: All persons
  • Guatemala 1973: All persons
  • Guatemala 1981: All persons
  • Guatemala 1994: All persons
  • Guatemala 2002: All persons
  • Guinea 1983: All persons
  • Guinea 1996: All persons
  • Guinea 2014: All persons
  • Honduras 1961: All persons
  • Honduras 1974: All persons
  • Honduras 1988: All persons
  • Honduras 2001: All persons
  • Indonesia 2010: All persons
  • Iraq 1997: All persons
  • Ireland 1971: All persons
  • Ireland 1981: All persons
  • Ireland 1986: All persons
  • Ireland 1991: All persons
  • Ireland 1996: All persons
  • Ireland 2002: Non-absent persons
  • Ireland 2006: Non-absent persons
  • Ireland 2011: Non-absent persons
  • Ireland 2016: Non-absent persons
  • Israel 1972: All persons
  • Israel 1983: Jewish persons
  • Israel 1995: All persons
  • Israel 2008: All persons
  • Italy 2001: All persons
  • Italy 2011: All persons
  • Italy 2011Q1: All persons
  • Italy 2012Q1: All persons
  • Italy 2013Q1: All persons
  • Italy 2014Q1: All persons
  • Italy 2015Q1: All persons
  • Italy 2016Q1: All persons
  • Italy 2017Q1: All persons
  • Italy 2018Q1: All persons
  • Italy 2019Q1: All persons
  • Jamaica 1982: Persons in private households
  • Jamaica 1991: Persons in private households
  • Jamaica 2001: All persons
  • Kenya 1969: All persons
  • Kenya 1979: All persons
  • Kenya 1989: All persons, except travellers and those receiving the short questionnaire
  • Kenya 1999: All persons
  • Kenya 2009: All persons
  • Kyrgyz Republic 1999: All persons
  • Kyrgyz Republic 2009: All persons
  • Laos 2005: All persons
  • Lesotho 1996: All persons
  • Lesotho 2006: All persons
  • Liberia 1974: All persons
  • Liberia 2008: All persons
  • Malawi 1987: All persons
  • Malawi 1998: All persons
  • Malawi 2008: All persons
  • Malaysia 1970: All persons
  • Malaysia 1980: All persons
  • Malaysia 1991: All persons
  • Malaysia 2000: All persons
  • Mali 1987: All persons
  • Mali 1998: All persons
  • Mali 2009: All persons
  • Mexico 1960: All persons
  • Mexico 1970: All persons
  • Mexico 1990: All persons
  • Mexico 1995: All persons
  • Mexico 2000: All persons
  • Mexico 2010: All persons
  • Mexico 2015: All persons
  • Mongolia 2000: All persons
  • Mozambique 1997: Household residents
  • Mozambique 2007: Household residents
  • Myanmar 2014: Persons in Conventional Households
  • Nepal 2001: All persons
  • Nepal 2011: All persons
  • Netherlands 1960: All persons
  • Netherlands 1971: All persons
  • Netherlands 2001: All persons
  • Netherlands 2011: All persons
  • Nicaragua 1971: All persons
  • Nicaragua 1995: All persons
  • Nicaragua 2005: All persons
  • Pakistan 1973: All persons
  • Panama 1960: All persons
  • Panama 1980: All persons
  • Panama 2000: All persons
  • Panama 2010: All persons
  • Papua New Guinea 1980: All persons
  • Papua New Guinea 1990: All persons
  • Papua New Guinea 2000: All persons
  • Paraguay 1972: All persons
  • Paraguay 1982: All persons
  • Paraguay 1992: All persons
  • Paraguay 2002: All persons
  • Peru 1993: All persons
  • Peru 2007: All persons
  • Philippines 2000: All persons
  • Poland 2002: All persons
  • Portugal 1981: All persons
  • Portugal 1991: All persons
  • Portugal 2001: All persons
  • Portugal 2011: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 1970: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 1980: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 1990: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 2000: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 2005: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 2010: All persons
  • Romania 1977: All persons
  • Romania 1992: All persons
  • Romania 2002: All persons
  • Romania 2011: All persons
  • Russia 2002: All persons
  • Russia 2010: All persons
  • Rwanda 1991: Non-visitors
  • Rwanda 2002: Non-visitors
  • Rwanda 2012: All persons
  • Saint Lucia 1980: All persons
  • Saint Lucia 1991: All persons
  • Senegal 1988: All persons
  • Senegal 2013: All persons
  • Sierra Leone 2004: All persons
  • Slovenia 2002: All persons
  • South Africa 1996: Persons in private households
  • South Africa 2001: All persons
  • South Africa 2011: Persons in private households, transient persons, and persons in tourist hotels
  • South Africa 2016: All persons
  • Spain 1981: All persons
  • Spain 2001: All persons
  • Spain 2005Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2005Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2005Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2005Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2006Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2006Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2006Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2006Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2007Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2007Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2007Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2007Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2008Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2008Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2008Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2008Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2009Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2009Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2009Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2009Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2010Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2010Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2010Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2010Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2011: All persons
  • Spain 2011Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2011Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2011Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2011Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2012Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2012Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2012Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2012Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2013Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2013Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2013Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2013Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2014Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2014Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2014Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2014Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2015Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2015Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2015Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2015Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2016Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2016Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2016Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2016Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2017Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2017Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2017Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2017Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2018Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2018Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2018Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2018Q4: All persons
  • Spain 2019Q1: All persons
  • Spain 2019Q2: All persons
  • Spain 2019Q3: All persons
  • Spain 2019Q4: All persons
  • Tanzania 1988: All persons
  • Tanzania 2002: Persons in private households
  • Tanzania 2012: All persons
  • Thailand 1970: All persons
  • Thailand 1980: All persons
  • Thailand 1990: All persons
  • Thailand 2000: All persons
  • Togo 1960: All persons
  • Togo 2010: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1970: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1980: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1990: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2000: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2011: Persons in private households
  • Uganda 1991: All persons
  • Uganda 2002: All persons
  • Ukraine 2001: All persons
  • United Kingdom 1991: All persons
  • United Kingdom 2001: All persons
  • United States 1960: All persons
  • United States 1970: All persons
  • United States 1980: All persons
  • United States 1990: All persons
  • United States 2000: All persons
  • United States 2005: All persons
  • United States 2010: All persons
  • United States 2015: All persons
  • Uruguay 1963: All persons
  • Uruguay 1975: All persons
  • Uruguay 1985: Persons with a usual residence in the country
  • Uruguay 1996: All persons
  • Uruguay 2011: All persons
  • Venezuela 1981: All persons
  • Venezuela 1990: All persons
  • Venezuela 2001: All persons
  • Zambia 1990: All persons
  • Zambia 2000: All persons
  • Zambia 2010: Present household members and visitors
  • Zimbabwe 2012: All persons

Availability

  • Argentina: 1970, 1980, 1991, 2001, 2010
  • Armenia: 2011
  • Austria: 2001, 2011
  • Belarus: 2009
  • Benin: 2002, 2013
  • Bolivia: 1976, 2001, 2012
  • Brazil: 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010
  • Burkina Faso: 1996, 2006
  • Cambodia: 1998, 2004, 2008, 2013
  • Cameroon: 1976, 1987
  • Canada: 1852, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Chile: 1970, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • Colombia: 1964, 1973, 1993, 2005
  • Costa Rica: 1963, 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011
  • Cuba: 2002, 2012
  • Dominican Republic: 1981, 2002, 2010
  • Ecuador: 1962, 1974, 1982, 2010
  • El Salvador: 2007
  • Fiji: 1966, 1976, 1986, 1996, 2007
  • Finland: 2010
  • France: 2006, 2011
  • Ghana: 1984
  • Greece: 2001, 2011
  • Guatemala: 1964, 1973, 1981, 1994, 2002
  • Guinea: 1983, 1996, 2014
  • Honduras: 1961, 1974, 1988, 2001
  • Iceland: 1901, 1910
  • Indonesia: 2010
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Ireland: 1901, 1911, 1971, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2002, 2006, 2011, 2016
  • Israel: 1972, 1983, 1995, 2008
  • Italy: 2001, 2011, 2011Q1, 2012Q1, 2013Q1, 2014Q1, 2015Q1, 2016Q1, 2017Q1, 2018Q1, 2019Q1
  • Jamaica: 1982, 1991, 2001
  • Kenya: 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009
  • Kyrgyz Republic: 1999, 2009
  • Laos: 2005
  • Lesotho: 1996, 2006
  • Liberia: 1974, 2008
  • Malawi: 1987, 1998, 2008
  • Malaysia: 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000
  • Mali: 1987, 1998, 2009
  • Mexico: 1960, 1970, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2010, 2015
  • Mongolia: 2000
  • Mozambique: 1997, 2007
  • Myanmar: 2014
  • Nepal: 2001, 2011
  • Netherlands: 1960, 1971, 2001, 2011
  • Nicaragua: 1971, 1995, 2005
  • Norway: 1865, 1875, 1900, 1910
  • Pakistan: 1973
  • Panama: 1960, 1980, 2000, 2010
  • Papua New Guinea: 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Paraguay: 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • Peru: 1993, 2007
  • Philippines: 2000
  • Poland: 2002
  • Portugal: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Puerto Rico: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • Romania: 1977, 1992, 2002, 2011
  • Russia: 2002, 2010
  • Rwanda: 1991, 2002, 2012
  • Saint Lucia: 1980, 1991
  • Senegal: 1988, 2013
  • Sierra Leone: 2004
  • Slovenia: 2002
  • South Africa: 1996, 2001, 2011, 2016
  • Spain: 1981, 2001, 2005Q1, 2005Q2, 2005Q3, 2005Q4, 2006Q1, 2006Q2, 2006Q3, 2006Q4, 2007Q1, 2007Q2, 2007Q3, 2007Q4, 2008Q1, 2008Q2, 2008Q3, 2008Q4, 2009Q1, 2009Q2, 2009Q3, 2009Q4, 2010Q1, 2010Q2, 2010Q3, 2010Q4, 2011, 2011Q1, 2011Q2, 2011Q3, 2011Q4, 2012Q1, 2012Q2, 2012Q3, 2012Q4, 2013Q1, 2013Q2, 2013Q3, 2013Q4, 2014Q1, 2014Q2, 2014Q3, 2014Q4, 2015Q1, 2015Q2, 2015Q3, 2015Q4, 2016Q1, 2016Q2, 2016Q3, 2016Q4, 2017Q1, 2017Q2, 2017Q3, 2017Q4, 2018Q1, 2018Q2, 2018Q3, 2018Q4, 2019Q1, 2019Q2, 2019Q3, 2019Q4
  • Sweden: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910
  • Tanzania: 1988, 2002, 2012
  • Thailand: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Togo: 1960, 2010
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011
  • Uganda: 1991, 2002
  • Ukraine: 2001
  • United Kingdom: 1851a, 1851b, 1851c, 1861a, 1861b, 1871b, 1881a, 1881b, 1891a, 1891b, 1901a, 1901b, 1911, 1991, 2001
  • United States: 1850a, 1850b, 1860, 1870, 1880a, 1880b, 1900, 1910, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015
  • Uruguay: 1963, 1975, 1985, 1996, 2011
  • Venezuela: 1981, 1990, 2001
  • Zambia: 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Zimbabwe: 2012