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Kenya, Province 1969 - 2009 [Level 1; consistent boundaries, GIS]

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GEO1_KE identifies the household's province or national capital within Kenya in all sample years. Provinces or national capital are the first level administrative units of the country. GEO1_KE is spatially harmonized to account for political boundary changes across census years. Some detail is lost in harmonization; see the comparability discussion. A GIS map (in shapefile format), corresponding to GEO1_KE can be downloaded from the GIS Boundary files page in the IPUMS International web site.

The full set of geography variables for Kenya can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level refer to GEOLEV1, and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

Where boundaries changed over time, units were harmonized to create units with boundaries that remain stable over time.

  • North and South Rift Valley provinces are identified separately in the 1979 and 1989 samples, but in all other years they are combined as the Rift Valley province.


  • All households


  • Kenya: 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009