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Ecuador, Canton 1990 [Level 2, GIS]

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GEO2_EC1990 identifies the household's canton within Ecuador in 1990. Cantons are the second level administrative units of the country, after provinces. A GIS map (in shapefile format), corresponding to GEO2_EC1990 can be downloaded from the GIS Boundary files page in the IPUMS International web site.

The full set of geography variables for Ecuador can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level of any country refer to GEOLEV1, and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

The areas included in the disputed zones might vary from one census year to another. The 1990 sample identifies Las Golondrinas, Manga Del Cura, El Piedrero, and La Concordia as disputed zones.

Cantons with populations less than 20,000 (based on the most recent sample year) were regionalized (combined) with neighboring cantons within the same provinces to create units with populations greater than 20,000.


  • All households


  • Ecuador: 1990