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Spain, Municipality 1981 - 2011 [Level 3; inconsistent boundaries, harmonized by name]

Codes and Frequencies

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MUNIES identifies the household's municipality within Spain in all sample years. Municipalities are the third level administrative units of the country, after province. MUNIES is harmonized by name and does not account for boundary changes over time.

The full set of geography variables for Spain can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level of any country refer to GEOLEV1, and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

MUNIES does not account for boundary changes, but users should be aware that there might have been changes over time.

Where officially-defined municipalities have populations less than 20,000, they have been regionalized (combined) with neighboring municipalities.


  • All households


  • Spain: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011