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Costa Rica, Canton 1963 - 2011 [Level 2; consistent boundaries, GIS]

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GEO2_CR identifies the household's canton within Costa Rica in all sample years. Cantons are the second level administrative units of the country, after provinces. GEO2_CR is spatially harmonized to account for political boundary changes across census years. Some detail is lost in harmonization; see the comparability discussion. A GIS map (in shapefile format), corresponding to GEO2_CR can be downloaded from the GIS Boundary files page in the IPUMS International web site.

The full set of geography variables for Costa Rica can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level refer to GEOLEV1, and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

Where officially-defined cantons have populations less than 20,000, they have been regionalized (combined) with neighboring cantons.


  • All households


  • Costa Rica: 1963, 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011