Spatially harmonized second-level geography

Harmonized second-level geography is available through a single global shapefile and individual country shapefiles applying to most countries in IPUMS. The shapefile corresponds to the variable GEOLEV2, which provides geographically stable second-level subnational units over time.

Changes over time in administrative boundaries are handled by combining the affected geographic units to create larger, temporally stable units comprised of two or more districts, counties, etc. The units created in this process do not cross first-level boundaries (exceptions include South Africa 2001) i.e., they fully nest within the first-level harmonized units.

The attribute data include codes for the GEOLEV2 variable, the BPLCOUNTRY (country of birth) variable, and the COUNTRY (country of residence) variable. The first three digits of GEOLEV2 give the country code, and the next three digits specify the first level geographic unit GEOLEV1, the last three digits specify the second level geographic unit within the first level unit.

Download global GEOLEV2 shapefile (.shp)

The table below lists the second-level geography identified for each IPUMS-International country and provides GIS shapefiles for the sample years represented in the spatially harmonized geography variables. Chile has two sets of spatially harmonized geography due to reorganization of administrative boundaries between the censuses. Currently, a few countries still have geographic elements that are not yet updated, reflecting an older method of organizing this information; GEOLEV2 is not available for those few countries. We will complete second-level harmonization for all countries in the upcoming data release.

Country Second-level geography Sample years
Argentina Department 1970-2010
Armenia Not available for our sample 2001-2011
Austria ENUTS3 1971-2011
Bangladesh Zilla 1991-2011
Belarus Not available for our sample 1999
Benin Commune 1979-2013
Bolivia Province 1976-2001
Botswana Not available for our sample 1981-2011
Brazil Municipality 1980-2010
Burkina Faso Province 1996-2006
Cambodia District 1998-2013
Cameroon Department 1976-2005
Canada Not available for our sample 1971-2001
Chile Department 1960-1970
Chile Municipality 1982-2002
China Prefecture and city 1982-2000
Colombia Municipality 1973-2005
Costa Rica Canton 1963-2011
Cuba Municipality (suppressed) 2002
Dominican Republic Municipality 1960-2010
Ecuador Canton 1962-2010
Egypt District 1986-2006
El Salvador Municipality 1992-2007
Ethiopia Zone 1994-2007
Fiji Province 1966-2014
France Not available for our sample 1962-2011
Germany Not available for our sample 1970-1987
Ghana District 2000-2010
Greece Municipality 1971-2011
Guatemala Municipality 1964-2002
Guinea Sub-prefecture 1996
Haiti Arrondisement 1971-2003
Honduras Municipality 1961-2001
Hungary No geography in IPUMS data 1970-2001
India District 1987-2009
Indonesia Regency 1971-2010
Iran Sub-province 2006-2011
Iraq District (Qadah) 1997
Ireland Not available for our sample 1971-2011
Israel Subdistrict 1971-1995
Italy Province 2014-2018**
Jamaica Not available for our sample 1982-2001
Jordan District 2004
Kenya District 1969-2009
Kyrgyz Republic District 1999-2009
Laos Not available for our sample 2005
Lesotho Constituency 2006
Liberia District 1974
Malawi Traditional Authorities (TA) 1998-2008
Malaysia Administrative district 1970-2000
Mali Circle 1987-2009
Mexico Municipality 1960-2015
Mongolia Municipality 2000
Morocco Province 1982-2004
Mozambique District 1997-2007
Nepal District 2001-2011
Netherlands No geography in IPUMS data 1960-2011
Nicaragua Municipality 1971-2005
Nigeria Local government areas 2007-2010
Pakistan Administrative division 1973-1998
Palestine Not available for our sample 1997-2007
Panama District 1960-2010
Papua New Guinea District 1980-2000
Paraguay District 1962-2002
Peru Province 1993-2007
Philippines Municipality 1990-2010
Poland Not available for our sample 1978-2011
Portugal Not available for our sample 1981-2011
Puerto Rico Not available for our sample 1980-2010
Romania Not available for our sample 1977-2002
Russia Not available for our sample 2002-2010
Rwanda District 2012*
Saint Lucia Not available for our sample 1980-1991
Senegal Department 1988-2002
Sierra Leone Chiefdom/ward 2004
Slovenia Not available for our sample 2002
South Africa District Council 2001-2011
South Sudan County 2008
Spain Province 1981-2018
Sudan County 2008
Switzerland Not available for our sample 1970-2000
Tanzania District 1988-2012
Thailand District 1990-2000
Togo Prefecture 2010*
Trinidad and Tobago Not available for our sample 1970-2011
Thailand District 1990-2000
Turkey District 1985-2000
Uganda County 1991-2002
Ukraine Raion 2001
United Kingdom Not available for our sample 1991-2001
United States PUMA 1980-2010
United States PUMA 2000-2015
Uruguay Census sections 1985-2011
Venezuela Municipality 1971-2001
Vietnam District 2009
Zambia District 1990-2010
Zimbabwe District 2012

*Previous sample years were not included in this file due to large geographic restructuring between sample years.

**This file corresponds only to Labor Force Survey samples

Back to Top