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District of previous residence, Panama; consistent boundaries, GIS

Codes and Frequencies

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Explore how IPUMS created this variable


MIG2_P_PA indicates the person's district of previous residence within Panama. Migration district codes from MIG2_P_PA are compatible with codes from GEO2_PA.

Click on the Source Variables tab for information on place of residence for each sample year. Source variables may contain more geographic unit detail but are not suitable for cross-temporal comparison.

Comparability — General

Where boundaries changed over time, units were harmonized to create units with boundaries that remain stable over time. Boundary changes for MIG2_P_PA are too numerous to list here, but users should be aware that there were changes over time.

For the country of residence of international migrants in 2000 and 2010, see MIGCTRYP (Country of previous residence).


  • Panama 1960: All persons
  • Panama 1970: All persons
  • Panama 1980: All persons
  • Panama 2000: All persons
  • Panama 2010: All persons


  • Panama: 1960, 1970, 1980, 2000, 2010