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Colombia, Municipality head town

Codes and Frequencies

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Explore how IPUMS created this variable


      class Munhdco : public Editor {

  Munhdco(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
  void edit() {

    long a = getRecoded();
    switch (dataSet) {
    case dataset_id::co1985a: {
      if (CO1985A_0003(0) > 0 && CO1985A_0003(0) < 900)
        a = 21;
      if (CO1985A_0003(0) >= 900)
        a = 24;
    } break;




MUNHDCO indicates the municipality head town in Colombia in which the household was enumerated. MUNHDCO is harmonized solely based on the names of the geographical unit. It does not take into account the changes that may have occurred in the political boundaries of the units.

The full set of geography variables for Colombia can be found in the IPUMS International Geography variables list. For cross-national geographic analysis on the first and second major administrative level refer to GEOLEV1 and GEOLEV2. More information on IPUMS-International geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

. The category for "head town" is fully comparable across years. However the detail for "not head town" varies among censuses:

  • The 1964 sample does not provide further detail.
  • The 1973 sample makes the distinction among "administrative centers" (inspeccion de policia), "small villages" (caserios), and "other."
  • The 1985, 1993 and 2005 samples distinguish among "population centers" (centros poblados) and "dispersed population" or "dispersed rural"(poblacion dispersa o rural disperso). Different censuses use different definitions on what they consider as a "population center."

The geographic units referred to in MUNHDCO are the fully detailed municipalities of Colombia.


  • All households


  • Colombia: 1964, 1973, 1985, 1993, 2005