Questionnaire Text

Argentina 1970 Fiji 2014 Mexico 2008Q2 Panama 1980
Argentina 1980 Ghana 1984 Mexico 2008Q3 Panama 1990
Argentina 1991 Ghana 2000 Mexico 2008Q4 Panama 2000
Argentina 2001 Ghana 2010 Mexico 2009Q1 Panama 2010
Argentina 2010 Guatemala 1964 Mexico 2009Q2 Papua New Guinea 1980
Bangladesh 1991 Guatemala 1973 Mexico 2009Q3 Papua New Guinea 1990
Bangladesh 2001 Guatemala 1981 Mexico 2009Q4 Papua New Guinea 2000
Bangladesh 2011 Guatemala 1994 Mexico 2010 Paraguay 1962
Benin 1979 Guatemala 2002 Mexico 2010Q1 Paraguay 1972
Benin 1992 Guinea 1983 Mexico 2010Q2 Paraguay 1982
Benin 2002 Guinea 1996 Mexico 2010Q3 Paraguay 1992
Benin 2013 Guinea 2014 Mexico 2010Q4 Paraguay 2002
Bolivia 1976 Haiti 1971 Mexico 2011Q1 Peru 1993
Bolivia 1992 Haiti 1982 Mexico 2011Q2 Peru 2007
Bolivia 2001 Haiti 2003 Mexico 2011Q3 Philippines 1990
Bolivia 2012 Honduras 1961 Mexico 2011Q4 Philippines 1995
Botswana 1981 Honduras 1974 Mexico 2012Q1 Philippines 2000
Botswana 1991 Honduras 1988 Mexico 2012Q2 Philippines 2010
Botswana 2001 Honduras 2001 Mexico 2012Q3 Puerto Rico 1970
Botswana 2011 Hungary 1980 Mexico 2012Q4 Puerto Rico 1980
Brazil 1960 Hungary 1990 Mexico 2013Q1 Puerto Rico 2010
Brazil 1970 India 1983 Mexico 2013Q2 Rwanda 2002
Brazil 1980 Indonesia 1976 Mexico 2013Q3 Rwanda 2012
Brazil 1991 Indonesia 1980 Mexico 2013Q4 Saint Lucia 1980
Brazil 2000 Indonesia 1985 Mexico 2014Q1 Senegal 1988
Burkina Faso 1985 Indonesia 1990 Mexico 2014Q2 Senegal 2002
Cambodia 1998 Indonesia 1995 Mexico 2014Q3 Senegal 2013
Cambodia 2004 Indonesia 2005 Mexico 2014Q4 Sierra Leone 2004
Cambodia 2008 Jamaica 1982 Mexico 2015 Sierra Leone 2015
Cambodia 2013 Jamaica 1991 Mexico 2015Q1 South Africa 1996
Cameroon 1976 Jamaica 2001 Mexico 2015Q2 South Africa 2001
Cameroon 1987 Kenya 1969 Mexico 2015Q3 South Africa 2007
Cameroon 2005 Kenya 1979 Mexico 2015Q4 South Africa 2011
Chile 1960 Kenya 1989 Mexico 2016Q1 South Africa 2016
Chile 1970 Kenya 1999 Mexico 2016Q2 Tanzania 1988
Chile 1982 Kenya 2009 Mexico 2016Q3 Tanzania 2002
Chile 1992 Laos 2005 Mexico 2016Q4 Tanzania 2012
Chile 2002 Lesotho 1996 Mexico 2017Q1 Thailand 1970
Chile 2017 Lesotho 2006 Mexico 2017Q2 Thailand 1980
Colombia 1964 Liberia 1974 Mexico 2017Q3 Thailand 1990
Colombia 1973 Liberia 2008 Mexico 2017Q4 Thailand 2000
Colombia 1985 Malawi 1987 Mexico 2018Q1 Togo 2010
Colombia 1993 Malawi 1998 Mexico 2018Q2 Trinidad and Tobago 1980
Colombia 2005 Malawi 2008 Mexico 2018Q3 Trinidad and Tobago 1990
Costa Rica 1963 Malaysia 1980 Mexico 2018Q4 Trinidad and Tobago 2000
Costa Rica 1973 Malaysia 1991 Mexico 2019Q1 Trinidad and Tobago 2011
Costa Rica 1984 Mali 1998 Mexico 2019Q2 Uganda 1991
Costa Rica 2000 Mali 2009 Mexico 2019Q3 Uganda 2002
Costa Rica 2011 Mauritius 1990 Mexico 2019Q4 Uganda 2014
Cuba 2012 Mauritius 2000 Mexico 2020Q1 United States 1960
Dominican Republic 1960 Mauritius 2011 Mexico 2020Q3 United States 1970
Dominican Republic 1970 Mexico 1960 Morocco 1982 United States 1980
Dominican Republic 1981 Mexico 1970 Morocco 1994 United States 2010
Dominican Republic 2002 Mexico 1990 Morocco 2004 United States 2015
Dominican Republic 2010 Mexico 1995 Morocco 2014 Uruguay 1963
Ecuador 1962 Mexico 2000 Myanmar 2014 Uruguay 1975
Ecuador 1974 Mexico 2005 Nepal 2001 Uruguay 1985
Ecuador 1982 Mexico 2005Q1 Nepal 2011 Uruguay 1996
Ecuador 1990 Mexico 2005Q2 Nicaragua 1971 Uruguay 2006
Ecuador 2001 Mexico 2005Q3 Nicaragua 1995 Venezuela 1971
Ecuador 2010 Mexico 2005Q4 Nicaragua 2005 Venezuela 1981
El Salvador 1992 Mexico 2006Q1 Nigeria 2006 Venezuela 1990
El Salvador 2007 Mexico 2006Q2 Nigeria 2007 Venezuela 2001
Ethiopia 1984 Mexico 2006Q3 Nigeria 2008 Vietnam 1989
Ethiopia 1994 Mexico 2006Q4 Nigeria 2009 Vietnam 1999
Ethiopia 2007 Mexico 2007Q1 Nigeria 2010 Vietnam 2009
Fiji 1976 Mexico 2007Q2 Palestine 1997 Zambia 1990
Fiji 1986 Mexico 2007Q3 Palestine 2017 Zambia 2000
Fiji 1996 Mexico 2007Q4 Panama 1960 Zambia 2010
Fiji 2007 Mexico 2008Q1 Panama 1970 Zimbabwe 2012
top
Argentina 1970 — source variable AR1970A_EDATTAN — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Educational Characteristics -- For all individuals five years of age and older

[Questions 9-12 are asked of persons 5 years of age and older.]


10. [Educational attainment]

Only those who responded 1 or 2 in question number 9 should answer these questions.
[Questions 10A-10C are asked only of persons who had ever attended an educational institution.]


A. What is the highest level you studied or are studying?

Mark the appropriate box.

[] 1 Primary
[] 2 High school
[] 3 Commercial
[] 4 Teacher training [normal]
[] 5 Technical or industrial
[] 6 Other secondary schooling
[] 7 University and higher
[] 8 Unanswered


C. What is the last year or grade completed at this level?

Mark the appropriate box. For those who have not yet completed the first year or grade mark zero (0).

[] 0
[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8
[] 9 Unanswered

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Educational Characteristics


For all persons five years old and older.


[p.142]

In the question number 10 you will move on to ask about the highest educational level that the person attends or attended, whether they completed it or not, either in the country or in a foreign country. Remember that the questions 10A, 10B, and 10C should only be asked of the persons who have boxes 1 or 2 marked in question number 9.


In the Panel 4 you will write the possible educational levels. Read them carefully.

Panel 4

1- Elementary [Primary]

The common elementary schools - home schools - schools for adults - Special schools - Adult literacy centers - schools in hospitals - schools in jails - schools annexed to Armed Forces


2- Secondary schools
National schools - private preparatory schools - specialized secondary [baccalaureate] schools


3- Commercial
Commercial schools


4- Teacher training schools
Public teacher training schools - Regional teacher training schools


[p.143]

5- Technical or industrial
Industrial schools- Night classes for specialization - Regional and mixed industrial schools - Professional schools for women - factory schools - Worker training schools - Schools for professional preparation for women - Cyclical technical institutes - Agro- technical schools - School for auxiliary medical personnel


6- Other secondary education
Specialized secondary educational institutes, for example: Military high school - Naval high school - Police and firemen school - Penitentiary schools - Sub-officers schools in the Armed Forces - Mission mono-technical and cultural schools - Mission for rural cultural and domestic training - Nautical school.


[p.144]

7- University and higher education
a) Faculties: medicine - engineering - architecture, etc.
b) Professorates in history, physical education, pedagogy, languages, etc., and specialized teachers in child care, special education, education for the blind and deaf-mutes, etc.
c) Non-teaching specialties: Courses for university graduates, courses for graduates of industrial schools, newspaper writers, librarians, and museums.
d) Military higher education: Military college, Naval School, Higher War School, etc.


[p.145]

4. If the youngest of the Misses Garcia studies in Pharmacy and Biochemistry, where would you place her response? (Consult Panel 4, pages 142-144.)
[]7 University and higher education


If the oldest son of Mr. Pereira responds that he is a student at the Commercial School Number 2, in which box on the census form would you mark his response?
[]3- Commercial


[p.146]

5. If a person says that he/she works in a factory and that after the work schedule he/she takes workers' training courses, would you take this answer into account?
Yes


If another person says that she graduated from the National Industrial School and is taking a specialization course, where would you place this answer? (Consult Panel 4.)
[]7 University and higher education


top
Argentina 1980 — source variable AR1980A_EDLEV — Highest educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
C. Population

For all of the persons 5 years old and more

[Questions 7-8 were asked of persons age 5 years or older.]


9. [Educational attainment]

If the person answered "Attend" or "Attended but does not attend":
[Questions 9A-9D asked of those who had ever attended an educational institution.]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
C. Population

Census home is a person or group of persons, related or not, who occupy the same dwelling. You will write down first the name and surname of the head of the household, then ask all the corresponding questions.


9. If they answered "attends" or "does not attend but attended."
You will ask:

a) for the highest level advanced at the moment of the census.

b) if they passed or not, this level.

c) about the last year or grade passed.
Take into account, that in the primary level there was a change in names with 1st grade superior becoming 2nd grade, 2nd becoming 3rd, . . . . . 6th becoming 7th fill in the cell that corresponds to the current name.

[To the right of the text are two forms.]

[p. 11]

d) about the major or university career that is or was studied, writing the name of the major or career.

Vague positions or titles like: Graduate, Doctor, Engineer, etc, should not be put down.

[The instructions refer to a graphic of the census form.]
Possible educational levels

Preschool

Primary: Common primary schools, boarding schools, schools for adults, schools for children with special needs, centers of adult literacy, schools in hospitals, schools in prisons, schools annexed to the Armed Forces.

[The instructions refer to a graphic of the census form.]

Secondary: National secondary schools, high schools, specialized preparatory schools.

Commercial: Business schools.

Teacher training: Teacher training schools, regional teaching schools.

Technical or industrial: Industrial schools, advanced night school, regional and coeducational industrial schools, professional schools for women, factory schools, schools of worker training, schools of professional training for women, institutes of electrical technology, agricultural technical school, schools of medical aids. In all the cases they should be courses that require having completed the primary cycle.

Other middle educational: Institutes of middle specialized education: Military School, Navel School, Police and Firefighter school, Penitentiary Schools, Schools of Sub-officials of the Armed Forces, rural and domestic cultural missions [misiones de cultura rural y doméstica], schools of artistic education, Nautical School.

Higher not university: Professors of: History, Physical Education, Pedagogy, Languages, etc. Teachers specialized in: kindergarten, children with special needs, deaf mutes, the blind, etc. Specialized not teaching: courses for graduates of industrial schools, journalists, librarians and museum curators. Higher Military Schools: Military Secondary School, Naval School, Higher School of War, etc. University: Departments of Medicine, Engineering, Architecture, Law, etc.


top
Argentina 1991 — source variable AR1991A_SCH — Attending school
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons 3 years old and more
[Questions 11- 16 were asked of persons age 3 years or older.]


11. Do you attend some educational establishment?

[] Attends a public establishment
[] Attends a private institution
[] Does not attend, but attended [skip questions 12-13]
[] Never attended [skip questions 12-16]
[] Unanswered [skip questions 12-16]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

11. Do you attend some educational establishment?

School attendance: The attendance in an establishment of the system of formal (publicly or privately recognized) education is considered school attendance (attends or attended).

Attendance in private academies, institutes or centers for studies that do not pertain to formal levels are excluded. For example: foreign languages, musical instruments, preparatory courses, for training, and technical courses done in these institutions (hairdressers, computer science, etc.). Also attendance in post graduate courses is excluded. If an enumerated person is doing post graduate work, it is considered that they "Do not attend but attended" at the university level.


top
Argentina 1991 — source variable AR1991A_SCHLEV — Education level attends
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons 3 years old and more
[Questions 11- 16 were asked of persons age 3 years or older.]


12. What level does the person attend?

[Question 12 was asked of persons age 3+ who currently attended an educational establishment, per question 11.]

[] Preschool or kindergarten [finished, skip questions 13-28]
[] Elementary
[] Secondary
[] Tertiary
[] University
[] Unanswered

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

12. What level does the person attend?

When we ask for level we are referring to the level studied in the country or abroad.


top
Argentina 1991 — source variable AR1991A_SCHGR — Education grade attends
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons 3 years old and more
[Questions 11- 16 were asked of persons age 3 years or older.]


13. What year or grade is the person attending?

[Question 13 was asked of persons age 3+ who currently attend an educational establishment at a level higher than preschool or kindergarten, per questions 11-12.]

[After responding to question 13, skip questions 14-16.]

[] 1st
[] 2nd
[] 3rd
[] 4th
[] 5th
[] 6th
[] 7th
[] Unanswered

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

13. What year or grade is the person attending?

We take into account here that all studies are organized into grades or years. However, always they should respond in grades or years (See conversion chart).


top
Argentina 1991 — source variable AR1991A_EDATLEV — Highest education level attended
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons 3 years old and more
[Questions 11- 16 were asked of persons age 3 years or older.]


14. What is the highest level that the person attended?

[Question 14 was asked of persons age 3+ who do not currently attend an educational establishment but attended one in the past, per question 11.]

[] Preschool or kindergarten - continue on the other side [skip questions 15-16]
[] Elementary
[] Secondary
[] Tertiary
[] University
[] Unanswered

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

14. What is the highest level that the person attended?


Remember: if the highest level reached was the first, we take into account the changes produced starting in 1966 in the numbering of the grades, where 1st superior was eliminated and 7th was added. For example: if a person tells us that 3rd grade was passed before 1966, we write down 4th


top
Argentina 1991 — source variable AR1991A_EDATGR — Highest grade passed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons 3 years old and more
[Questions 11- 16 were asked of persons age 3 years or older.]


15. What was the highest year or grade that the person passed at this level?

[Question 15 was asked of persons age 3+ who did not currently attend an educational establishment but attended one in the past, at a level higher than preschool or kindergarten, per questions 11 and 14.]

[] Did not complete 1st - continue on the other side [skip question 16]
[] 1st
[] 2nd
[] 3rd
[] 4th
[] 5th
[] 6th
[] 7th
[] Unanswered

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

15. What was the highest year or grade that the person passed at this level?


Remember: if the highest level reached was the first, we take into account the changes produced starting in 1966 in the numbering of the grades, where 1st superior was eliminated and 7th was added. For example: if a person tells us that 3rd grade was passed before 1966, we write down 4th


top
Argentina 2001 — source variable AR2001A_EDYRS — Years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 11-19 were asked of persons age 3+.]


[Questions 16-17 were asked of persons age 3+ who were not currently attending an educational establishment, but attended it in past, per questions 11 and 15.]

16. What was the highest level that you attended?

[] Initial (kindergarten or preschool)
[] Primary
[] E.G.B. (basic general education)
[] Secondary
[] Multidisciplinary (Polimodal)
[] Non-university tertiary
[] University
[] Unknown


17. Did you complete this level?
[] Yes

If university level was marked, go to 19 [skip question 18]
If a level different than university was marked, go to 20 [skip questions 18-19]

[] No
[] Unknown


18. What was the last grade or year that you passed?

[Specify and] turn page [skip question 19]

[] None
[] [Specify] ____
[] Unknown

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Questions 11 to 19
These questions ask about the level of formal education of the population. They should be answered only by persons 3 years old or more.

Starting here, persons three years old or more answer the questions.


Question 18: What was the last grade or year that the person passed?

This is the highest grade or year passed by the person answer the Census who does not attend a recognized establishment in the formal educational system at the moment that the Census is completed, for a person who attended in the past.

In the case of persons who are attending the adult elementary school, you should mark the grade or year, and not the cycle. For this you will use the following table:

Type of studies / Cycle / Grade or year
Adult elementary school or center / 1, 2, 3 / 3, 5, 7


If the highest level that the person answering the Census attended was elementary and he/she is 45 years old or more, take into account the changes made in 1966 in the grade numbering, when first superior was eliminated and seventh was added. In any case, you will use the following conversion table:

Grade until 1966 / Equivalency in grades
Lower 1st grade / 1st
Upper 1st grade / 2nd
2nd grade / 3rd
4th grade / 5th
5th grade / 6th
6th grade / 7th


For example:
--Carlos completed elementary school to 5th grade before 1966. You will write 6th.

--Luisa responds that the last grade that she passed was Upper 1st grade. You will write 2nd.

--Luis attended through the second cycle of elementary in a school for adults. You will write: 5th.


[p. 46]

[Exercises in p.46 and a part of p.47 are omitted]

top
Argentina 2010 — source variable AR2010A_EDLEV — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

From here, all persons over three years old answer.
[Questions 7 to 12 were asked of persons 3 years old and over]


9. What educational level does/did this person attend?

[] Initial (kindergarten, pre-school) -- Continue with 12
[] Elementary
[] EGB [General Basic Education]
[] Secondary

Attended:
[] 6-year elementary
[] 7-year elementary

[] Polymodal (Secondary)
[] Higher education, non-university
[] University
[] Graduate
[] Special education (for persons with disabilities) -- Continue with 12

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 9. . What educational level does/did he/she attend?
9. What educational level does/did he/she attend?

_ Initial (kindergarten, pre-school) - Continue with 12
_ Elementary
_ EGB
_ Secondary -- Attended: _ 6-year elementary/ _ 7-year elementary?
_ Polimodal (Secondary)
_ Higher education, non-university
_ University
_ Post-graduate
_ Special education (for persons with disabilities) -- Continue with 12

This refers to the level of education that he/she attended or is currently attending.
If the person being interviewed attends or attended the level "Secondary", mark this with an "X" and then ask if the elementary that he/she attended was for six or seven years, since in our country these two possibilities co-exist.


The definitions that are present below refer to the formal education of all of the persons. This means, the education whose structure and contents are organized sequentially in four level of education: Initial, General Basic Education or Elementary, Poli-modal or Secondary, and Higher (non university or post university). This excludes the attendance at: academies, private institutions that do not belong to the formal systems, and therefore do not accredit for continuation or to begin studies in formal education. For example: courses in foreign languages, information and computers, literacy courses, musical instruments and theater, for teacher courses to stay up-to-date, labor training, technical courses, and courses for hair dressing, dress making, mechanics, electricity, etc.


Current and past educational level: this is the educational stage that the person being enumerated is attending or attended.
Various educational structures coexist in the country, two of them have levels with the same names. These are the structures before the Federal Education Law and the one that results from the new National Education Law (2006). This last consists of two levels: Kindergarten and Pre-School/Initial, Elementary, Secondary, Terciary non-university and University and Post-Graduate (specialization, master's or doctorate).
If the application of the new structure is found to be functioning, in many provinces the educational structure established by the Federal Educational Law is still governing, with its levels that are: Initial Education, EGB, Poli-modal, Terciary non-university and University and Post-Graduate (specialization, master's or doctorate).

[82]

The levels of education that are presented in the question are:

-Initial (kindergarden, pre-school): this stage of the structure consists of the the children (boys and girls) who are from three to five years old.
- Elementary: stage after the initial level, of an obligatory nature and whose duration can be six or seven years (1st to 7th grade or 1st to 6th grade).
-EGB: period after initial level. Its duration is nine years and it is composed of three cycles of three years each, EGB 1 (1st to 3rd grade); EGB 2 (4th to 6th grade) and EGB 3 (7th to 9th grade).
-Secondary: level of education after elementary. It can be five or six years (1st to 5th year or 1st to 6th).
-Poli-modal: level of structure later than EGB. Its duration if three years.
- High non-university: this is a period of studies that are done in non-university terciary education, state or private with plans of study approved by the Ministry of Education (of the nation or of the provinces). It includes the professors of initial leve, for adults, special education and physical education, history, letters, etc. It also contains specialties that are not for teachers, for example: industrial technica specialization, journalism, tourism, computers, plastic arts and the formation of officials of the armed forces.
- University: level of studies that is carried out in the national, provincial, or private universities. It consists exclusively of the fields that give professional titles (lawyer, surveryor, audiologist, engineer, professor, etc.) and the baccalaureate degrees (in sciences of education, letters, mathematics, systems, etc.).
- Post-graduate (specialization, master's or doctorate): stage of studies that includes the fields of specializations, master's and doctorates or by private entities recognized by the Ministry of Education. For this type of study, it is a requirement to have a university degree with a grade.
- Special Education: this is the set of services, techniques, strategies, knowledge and pedagical resources within the National Educational System directing their attention to the persons with special educational needs.


top
Bangladesh 1991 — source variable BD1991A_EDATTAN — Highest class passed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

19. Highest class passed
[] 0. Illiterate
[] 1. Class I
[] 2. Class II
[] 3. Class III
[] 4. Class IV
[] 5. Class V
[] 6. Class VI
[] 7. Class VII
[] 8. Class VIII
[] 9. Class IX
[] 10. Ssc/Dakhil
[] 11. Training
[] 12. Hsc/Alim
[] 13. Diploma
[] 14. Graduate/Fazil
[] 15. Honors
[] 16. Master/Kamil
[] 17. Ms/Phd

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

19. Highest class passed:
Highest which class you have passed? If passed highest class passed is S.S.C fill oval (10), for class eight fill oval (8), for Kamil oval 13, following the given passed code. Always mark that number of oval which number of years are required to pass corresponding highest class according to government system. Follow same system for those who obtained degree from Hindu or Buddhist College.

top
Bangladesh 2001 — source variable BD2001A_EDUC — Highest grade passed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions from 23 to 28 is applicable for persons aged 5 years and above]


23 Highest grade passed

[] 0 No class passed
[] 1 Class I
[] 2 Class II
[] 3 Class III
[] 4 Class IV
[] 5 Class V
[] 6 Class VI
[] 7 Class VII
[] 8 Class VIII
[] 9 Class IX
[] 10 Secondary school certificate (SSC)/ Dakhil
[] 11 Training
[] 12 Higher secondary certificate (HSC)/ Alim
[] 13 Diploma
[] 14 Bachelor/ Fazil
[] 15 Bachelor honors
[] 16 Master/ Kamil
[] 17 Master (MS)/ Phd.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 23: Highest Class Passed (in years)
Fill out the years needed to pass the highest class according to requirement of the Board/University. Fill out the oval box 0 for no class passed and oval box 17 for MS or PhD.


Question 23: Highest Class Passed: Fill out the appropriate oval box as the person passed the highest class. If the highest class is class (V) fill out 5 oval box, for SSC fill out 10 oval box, for class (VIII) fill out 8 oval box, for kamel fill out 16 oval box. The number of years required to pass the highest class as per govt. rule accordingly fill out the oval box. Follow the same rule for person got degree from Hindu or Buddhist College. Fill out 0 oval box for no class passed.


top
Bangladesh 2011 — source variable BD2011A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For members age 7 years and above
[Questions 21-25 were asked for persons 7 years of age and older.]


21. Highest class passed (write class passed code) _ _


Q21. Highest class passed (year): a code list has been prepared on the basis of years required for a member for passing the highest class, by the board and university for awarding a degree or certificate and is printed on the back page of the tally sheet. Using this code list write appropriate code to the blank boxes for the highest class passed by each member of the household. If someone did not go to school, then the highest class passed code will be 0 0. If someone is ssc passed then highest class passed code will be 1 0. If someone has higher degree than masters then code will be 1 8.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Fill out Questions- 21 to 25 only for persons aged 7 years and over.


Question-21. Highest class passed:
Ask everybody beginning with the head of household that which highest class they passed. Enter the answer checking with the codes for class printed at opposite page of tally sheet in two digits in the check box. Codes for highest class passed are given below for the convenience of training:

00. No schooling/Not passed class I
01. Class I
02. Class II
03. Class III
04. Class IV
05. Class V
06. Class VI
07. Class VII
08. Class VIII
09. Class IX
10. SSC or Equivalent
12. HSC or Equivalent
15. Degree or Equivalent
16. Degree (Hons) or Equivalent
18. Masters or Equivalent

Example:
Enter class code [0][0] if reported no schooling or did not pass class one.
Enter [0][5] for person passed class five.
Enter [1][5] for person passed highest class Graduation and [1][8] for person passed Masters.


top
Benin 1979 — source variable BJ1979A_EDATTAIN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Educational Characteristics (for persons 6 or more years old)
[Questions 11-12 were asked of persons 6 years old or more]

(11) Last grade level attended ____

Write down the last grade level attended. For example:

- Literate (NL) [in national language]
- CM2 [elementary school]
- 4th grade high school
- Terminal C [last year of high school; C designates a specialization]
- 2nd year in law license degree [3 years university degree in the French
system]
- Mark a dash (-) if the person never attended school

(12) Degree obtained ____

Report the highest degree obtained by the person. For example:

CEPE [professional degree]
BEPC [professional degree]
BAC [high school diploma]
Bridge and road engineer
Mark a dash (-) if the person does not have a degree
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Educational characteristics
Questions (11) and (12) in the rubric are for persons of 6 years and more of age.

Column (11): Last grade completed
Ask if the person attends or has attended school.

- If "Yes," ask the last grade attended and report the school grade; if the interviewee still attends school, report the school grade attended during the previous school year preceding the time of the census.
[Examples are not presented here]
- If "no," ask if he/she can read and write in a national language and indicate: Literate in ... [fon, goun, mina, ditanari, etc...]
- A hyphen (-), if he/she can neither read nor write in a national language.
Column (12): Degree obtained
This question only applies to persons who answered in the affirmative to the previous question. Ask about the highest degree that the interviewee has obtained.
[Examples are not presented here]

top
Benin 1992 — source variable BJ1992A_EDATTAIN — Last school grade level attended
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Persons of 3 years or more of age
[Questions in columns 14 - 16 asked of persons 3 years or more.]

(16) Last school grade level attended _ _

Current grade level for those attending. Or last graded level for those who no longer attend. For children younger than 3, simply mark down 88 in the grid.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
II. How to fill out the questionnaire (Document RGPH 2 Number 1).

Columns (15) and (16)
These two columns are only for persons of 3 years of age and above i.e. born before February 1989.

For column 15, the census agent shall ask if the interviewee:

[] Currently attends [an educational institution]
[] Has attended
[] Never attended

The possible options are:

[] FA: currently attends
[] AF: has attended
[] JF: never attended

For those younger than 3 years of age, the question does not apply. The census agent shall leave this section empty.

In column (16), for those currently attending, indicate the current grade level, and for those having attended, report the last grade level completed.
Example: kindergarten: EM for kindergarten.

[] Primary education: Primary school 1st year (EP1) or (CP1) or CI.
[] Primary school 2nd year (EP2) or (CP2) or CP
[] Primary school 6th year (EP6) or (CM2)

E.C.: Koranic school for every person who does not attend or has never attended any school other than the Koranic or Islamic school.
General and Technical middle school education [in the French system, grade level number goes down as one advances]

[] 1st cycle: 1st year or 6th grade (6)
[] 2nd year or 5th grade (5)
[] 3rd year or 4th grade (4)
[] 4th year or 3rd grade (3)
[] 2nd cycle: 1st year or 2nd grade(SEC)
[] 2nd year or 1st grade (PREM)
[] 3rd year or Terminal grade (TERM)

Higher education

[] 1st year at University (ES1)
[] 2nd year at University (ES2)
[] 4th year at University (ES4)

For children younger than 3, the census agent shall leave this section empty.


top
Benin 2002 — source variable BJ2002A_EDATTAIN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all persons
[Questions in columns 1 to 11 were asked of all persons]

Now we would like to ask for information on you and the persons habitually living in your household or currently residing in your home

Residents of 3 years or more of age
[ Questions in columns 16 - 17 were asked of residents 3+ years old]

(17) Last school grade level attended ____

Current grade level for those attending or last graded level for those who no longer attend
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
ii) Schooling [education]
Columns 16 and 17 apply to residents aged 3 or higher. For children younger than 3, leave the columns blank. (Verify to that effect column 6 i.e. age).

Column (17): Last grade level attended
For those currently attending, indicate the current grade level, and for those having attended, report the last grade level completed on the corresponding horizontal line and leave the boxes empty.
The following abbreviations shall be used:
Preschool

EM: Preschool education
Elementary education
CI: 1st grade or CI
CP: 2nd grade or CP
CE1: 3rd grade or CE1
CE2: 4th grade or CE2
CM1: 5th grade or CM1
CM2: 6th grade or CM2
General middle school education
EG1: 1st year level I (NI1) or 6th grade [in the French system, this number designates years remaining to last year of school]
EG2: 2nd year level I (NI2) or 5th grade
EG3: 3rd year level I (NI3) or 4th grade
EG4: 4th year level I (NI4) or 3th grade
EG5: 1st year level II (NII1) or 2nd grade
EG6: 2nd year level II (NII2) or 1st grade
EG7: 3rd year level II (NII3) or Terminal [last year]
[EG 5, 6, and 7 corresponding to high school education]
Technical education
ET1: 1st year level I (NI1)
ET2: 2nd year level I (NI2)
ET3: 3rd year level I (NI3)
ET4: 4th year level I (NI4)
ET5: 1st year level II (NII1) or 2nd grade
ET6: 2nd year level II (NII2) or 1st grade
ET7: 3rd year level II (NII3) or Terminal [last year]
Higher education
ES1: 1st year at university
ES2: 2nd year at university
ES3: 3rd year at university
ES4: 4th year at university
ES5: 5th year at university
ES6: 6th year at university
ES7: 7th year at university

Note: Include conventional schools, which excludes bible and koranic schools, very short schooling programs such as dactylography or couture courses. However, technical or professional formations which follow a complete cycle such as mechanics courses, secretarial courses, etc. must be included.


top
Benin 2013 — source variable BJ2013A_EDATTAIN — Highest education level attended
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Residents of 3 years or more of age
[Questions 17-19 were asked of persons aged 3 years or older]

19. Last school grade level attended - What is the last grade level that [the person] attended?

Current grade level for those attending or last grade level for those who no longer attend

_ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
19. Last grade level attended

This is the last grade level that the counted person attended, whether successfully completed it or not.
Q: "What is the last grade level that you/[the respondent] attended?"

Write down legibly on the corresponding line the last grade level attended by the counted person, and following the registration order.

[Page 61]

Abbreviations are as follows:

Preschool education

EM: kindergarden

Elementary education

CI: 1st year or CI
CP: 2nd year or CP
CE1: 3rd year or CE1
CE2: 4th year or CE2
CM1: 5ht year or CM1
CM2: 6th year or CM2

Technical education

ET1: 1st year level I [NI1]
ET2: 2nd year level I [NI2]
ET3: 3rd year level I [NI3]
ET4: 4th year level I [NI4]
ET5: 1styear level II [NII 1] or 2nd to last year
ET6: 2nd year level II [NII 2] or 1st to least
ET7: 3rd year level II [NII 3] or last year

General mid-level education

EG1: 1st year level I [NI1] or 6th to last year
EG2: 2nd year level I [NI2] or 5th to last year
EG3: 3rd year level I [NI3] or 4th to last year
EG4: 4th year level I [NI4] or 3rd to last year
EG5: 1styear level II [NII 1] or 2nd to last year
EG6: 2nd year level II [NII 2] or 1st to least
EG7: 3rd year level II [NII 3] or last year

Higher education

ES1: 1st year of university
ES2: 2nd year of university
ES3: 3rd year of university, License [3-year degree in French system]
ES4: 4th year of university, Maitrise or Master 1 [one year master's degree]
ES5: 5th year of university, DEA [advanced studies degree], DESS [specialized superior studies degree], Master 2 [two-year master's degree]
ES6: 6th year of university
ES7: 7th or higher year of university

Remark - Take into account conventional schools and exclude biblical and koranic schools, short formations such as dactylography or sewing courses. However, there must be included technical or professional formations that follow the complete cycle such as mechanical or secretarial formations, etc.


top
Bolivia 1976 — source variable BO1976A_EDLEV — Education level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
B. Educational Information


Only for those 5 years of age and older
[Questions 9-11 were asked of persons 5 years of age or older.]


11. What is the last grade completed and in which level?

Write the last grade completed on the corresponding line. For those who respond according to the old system, mark primary or secondary and write the last grade completed on the corresponding line.

[] 00 None
[] 01 Literacy only
[] 1 Basic ____
[] 2 Intermediate ____
[] 3 Middle [secondary]
[] 4 Primary [old system] ____
[] 5 Secondary [old system] ____
[] 6 Normal [teacher training] ____
[] 7 University ____
[] 8 Other (specify) ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

B. Educational information

Educational information questions 9, 10 and 11 should be asked to all persons 5 years old or older.


Question 11. What is the last course passed and in what cycle?

In the line corresponding to the level, write down the number of the highest course or year passed and not the one being taken.

The category "Other" refers to preschool, technical or vocational instruction.

Do not take into account speed courses or those by correspondence.


top
Bolivia 1992 — source variable BO1992A_EDATTAN — Highest level attended, grade completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for those who are attending or attended regular schooling
[Applies to questions 12-14.]


12. What is the highest cycle or level of regular schooling that you attended or are attending?

Previous system

[] 0 Primary
[] 1 Secondary

Current system

[] 2 Basic
[] 3 Intermediate
[] 4 Middle (secondary)
[] 5 Technical education
[] 6 Normal
[] 7 University
[] 8 Other (specify) ____


13. Did you complete this cycle or level?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 10. Do you know how to read and write?

The enumerator will ask this question of all people who are 6 or older, marking circle 7 with an X when they say YES, and circle 8 if they neither read nor write.

If the person being enumerated only knows how to sign their name, only recognizes or writes the letters of the alphabet and isn't able to read or write a letter or a basic document, mark No.


Question 14. What is the last year or course passed in that cycle or level?

Once the person being enumerated indicates the highest level they reached, they will be asked for the last year or grade passed at the corresponding level. If they have not yet passed the first year of the indicated cycle, 0 (zero) will be recorded.

In the Technical Instruction group, only study of a minimum of one year will be considered. You should keep in mind that the grade or year being researched refers only to the one that was passed within the levels of regular instruction: primary schools, secondary schools, technical, teaching schools, universities; whether they be public or private, in the country or [p. 42] abroad. Other special study within regular instruction will be recorded under "Others."


top
Bolivia 1992 — source variable BO1992A_EDLEVC — Completed level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for those who are attending or attended regular schooling
[Applies to questions 12-14.]


13. Did you complete this cycle or level?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 10. Do you know how to read and write?

The enumerator will ask this question of all people who are 6 or older, marking circle 7 with an X when they say YES, and circle 8 if they neither read nor write.

If the person being enumerated only knows how to sign their name, only recognizes or writes the letters of the alphabet and isn't able to read or write a letter or a basic document, mark No.


Question 14. What is the last year or course passed in that cycle or level?

Once the person being enumerated indicates the highest level they reached, they will be asked for the last year or grade passed at the corresponding level. If they have not yet passed the first year of the indicated cycle, 0 (zero) will be recorded.

In the Technical Instruction group, only study of a minimum of one year will be considered. You should keep in mind that the grade or year being researched refers only to the one that was passed within the levels of regular instruction: primary schools, secondary schools, technical, teaching schools, universities; whether they be public or private, in the country or [p. 42] abroad. Other special study within regular instruction will be recorded under "Others."


top
Bolivia 2001 — source variable BO2001A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Chapter E. Only for those 4 years of age and older
[Questions 35-41 were asked of all persons 4 years or older.]


39. What was the highest level and grade that you passed?

After each level, there is a [] for the number of the grade

[] 11 None
[] 12 Preschool

In the previous system:
[] 13 Basic
[] 14 Intermediate
[] 15 Middle

In the current system
[] 16 Primary
[] 17 Secondary

Answers 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17-Continue with question 41.

University
[] 18 Licensure (B.A.)
[] 19 Technical degree
[] 20 Teacher's training
[] 21 Military-police training
[] 22 Technical institute
[] 23 Other

Answers 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23-Continue with question 40

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Chapter E. Only for persons 4 years of age and older

If the person is 4 years of age or older, the enumerator will proceed with question 35. If younger, the interview is ended and the next person is interviewed.


Question 39. What was the highest [educational] level or class completed?

The levels or cycles are slowly and deliberately read and the corresponding oval is filled in as soon as an answer is obtained. The last class or grade completed is then requested and the corresponding oval is filled in.

Reminder: Two ovals in the same row should be filled in for this question: one for level or cycle and one for grade or class.

If the person's answer is from 11 to 17, question 41 is presented.

If the answer is from 18 to 23, the corresponding ovals are filled in and question 40 is presented.

The following is a guide for identifying the levels and classes in Bolivia's different educational systems:

Old (1950 to 1970)

1st Primary
2nd Primary
3rd Primary
4th Primary
5th Primary
6th Primary
1st Secondary
2nd Secondary
3rd Secondary
4th Secondary
5th Secondary
6th Secondary


Previous (1971 to 1993)
1st Basic
2nd Basic
3rd Basic
4th Basic
5th Basic
1st Intermediate
2nd Intermediate
3rd Intermediate
1st Middle
2nd Middle
3rd Middle
4th Middle


Current (as of 1994)
1st Primary
2nd Primary
3rd Primary
4th Primary
5th Primary
6th Primary
7th Primary
8th Primary
1st Secondary
2nd Secondary
3rd Secondary
4th Secondary


Class
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4


Important:
If the answer is from the old system, the table should be consulted and the conversion to the current system made and the respective ovals are filled in.

[p. 64]

The following are examples:

Don Aurelio says that the highest grade that he completed was 6th of secondary in the old system.

The conversion is made to the current system and the form is filled in as follows:

[The instructions refer to a graphic of the census form with appropriate ovals filled in.]

Carola says that she is not currently studying but the highest grade that she completed was 3rd of middle.

The form is filled in as follows:

[The instructions refer to a graphic of the census form with appropriate ovals filled in.]

Cristian says that he is currently in 8th in primary, therefore the highest grade completed was 7th in primary.

The form is filled in as follows:

[The instructions refer to a graphic of the census form with appropriate ovals filled in.]

Dionisio says that he is currently in the second year of the Sergeant's Military School of "Maximiliano Paredes"; therefore, the highest class completed was the first year.

The form is filled in as follows:

[The instructions refer to a graphic of the census form with appropriate ovals filled in.]

[p. 65]

top
Bolivia 2012 — source variable BO2012A_EDATTAIN — Highest level of educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
F2. Only for people at least 4 years old

37. What was the highest educational level that you passed? [If 1-14, go to question 39]

[] 1 None
Grade _
[] 2 Literacy course
Grade _
[] 3 Initial (Pre-K, kindergarten)
Grade _
Old system
[] 4 Basic (1 to 5 years)
Grade _
[] 5 Intermediate (1 to 3 years)
Grade _
[] 6 Middle (1 to 4 years)
Grade _
Previous system
[] 7 Primary (1 to 8 years)
Grade _
[] 8 Secondary (1 to 4 years)
Grade _
Current system
[] 9 Primary (1 to 6 years)
Grade _
[] 10 Secondary (1 to 6 years)
Grade _
University
[] 11 Technical university education
Grade _
[] 12 Undergraduate program
Grade _
[] 13 Master's program
Grade _
[] 14 Doctoral program
Grade _
Non-university institution
[] 15 Teacher's College
Grade _
[] 16 Military or Police Academy
Grade _
[] 17 Technical Institute
Grade _
[] 18 Other
Grade _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Chapter F. The person's main characteristics

Population's educational characteristics
The population's educational characteristics researched in the population censuses are literacy, school attendance, and educational level starting at a certain age. In the census, educational data is collected from people who, at the time of the census, are at least four years old.

F2. Only for people at least 4 years old

37. Highest education level reached
This describes the educational level achieved by a person as of the date of the census. This question has two answers: one about level and one about the year or grade passed at that level. The census form breaks down the levels and grades into five groups:

- Old system, consisting of these levels: basic (with 5 years or grades), intermediate (with 3 years or grades) and middle (with 4 years or grades).
- Previous system, consisting of these levels: primary (with 8 years or grades) and secondary (with 4 years or grades).
- Current system, consisting of these levels: primary (with 6 years or grades) and secondary (with 6 years or grades).
- University, consisting of education after completing high school, at any public or private university.
[p. 17]
- Nonuniversity institution, consisting of other types of education. The first three groups capture information about formal schooling, in other words, the education that concludes with high school graduation.

The fourth group (university) captures information about higher education. If the academic terms are organized into semesters, keep the data uniform by noting down the years of studies that the person passed. For example:

- The person replies 2nd semester. Write 1.
- The person replies 5th semester. Write 2.

The fifth group (nonuniversity institution) captures information about education that does not necessarily occur in a university. This group includes the option technical institute, which refers to technical studies lasting at least one year. The option 'Other' refers to short courses (hairstyling, pastry-making, computing, etc.) lasting less than one year, and so whatever the answer, mark 0 in the year box. Only if the person responds with some nonuniversity institution level and grade, continue with question 38; otherwise, go to section F3. Only for people at least 7 years old.


top
Botswana 1981 — source variable BW1981A_EDATTAIN — Highest school level and grade passed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
(All Persons 5 years and over)

11. What is the highest school grade that (the person) passed?

Primary
[] 11
[] 12
[] 13
[] 14
[] 15
[] 16
[] 17
Secondary
[] 21
[] 22
[] 23
[] 24
[] 25
[] 26
Tertiary
[] 31
[] 32
[] 33
[] 34
[] 35
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Columns [P10 and P11] apply only to persons 5 years and above
Columns [P10 andP11] Education
Column [P10] Enter the answer code as appropriate
Column [P11] Enter the highest school grade the person has passed.
If Standard 1, enter 11
If Standard 2, enter 12
If Standard 3, enter 13
If Standard 4, enter 14
If Standard 5, enter 15
If Standard 6, enter 16
If Standard 7, enter 17
[If somebody has passed old Sub A or Sub B enter 11. The instruction remains the same for all other standards]
If the person has attended or is attending secondary school enter the highest form passed as follows:
If Form 1, enter 21
If Form 2, enter 22
If Form 3, enter 23
If Form 4, enter 24
If Form 5, enter 25 and
If Form 6, enter 26
If the person has attended or is attending University enter the number of years the person has spent attending University as follows:
Year 1, 31
Year 2, 32
Year 3, 33
Year 4, 34
Year 5 and over, 35

top
Botswana 1991 — source variable BW1991A_EDATTAIN — Years completed at school
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section A

(All persons 5 years and over)

10. What is the highest grade that [the respondent] passed/completed?

Primary
[] 10
[] 11
[] 12
[] 13
[] 14
[] 15
[] 16
[] 17
Secondary
[] 21
[] 22
[] 23
[] 24
[] 25
[] 26
Tertiary
[] 31
[] 32
[] 33
[] 34
[] 35
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Column A10: Highest Grade Passed/Completed

What is the highest grade that [the respondent] passed/completed?

Enter the highest school grade the person has passed (if this grade ends in an exam) or has completed (if the grade doesn't end in an exam).

If Standard 1, enter 11
If Standard 2, enter 12
If Standard 3, enter 13
If Standard 4, enter 14
If Standard S, enter 15
If Standard 6, enter 16
If Standard 7, enter 17

For Sub A or Sub B enter 11. If the person, at the time of enumeration, is in Standard 1, enter 10.

If the person has attended or is attending secondary school, enter the highest form passed as follows:
[p.25]

If Form 1, enter 21
If Form 2, enter 22
If Form 3, enter 23
If Form 4, enter 24
If Form 5, enter 25
If Form 6, enter 26

If the person is currently in Form 1, enter 17. Someone who completed Form 3 but failed the exam will be coded 22. Someone who completed Form 2 (which doesn't end with an exam) v\'ill also be coded 22 - even if they never went on to Form 3. Someone who completed JC under the old educational system will be coded 23, while someone who completed JC under the new system will be coded 22.

If the person has attended or is attending University, enter the number of completed years the person has spent attending University as follows:

If 1 year, enter 31
If 2 years, enter 32
If 3 years, enter 33
If 4 years, enter 34
If 5 years and over, enter 35

For a person still doing preliminary courses, e.g. the Pre-Entry Science Course (PESC), enter 25 or 26 as may be appropriate.

In the sample questionnaire on page 24, James completed Standard 3, so he is coded 13. Since Anne never attended school, a dash is entered in column A10 for her. Mimi is not yet 5 years old, so the question does not apply to her - a dash appears in column A10. Anthony is currently in Standard 7; since the highest standard which he has completed is Standard 6, 16 is entered for him. Molelo is currently in Standard 5 (code 14), and David completed Standard 7 (code 17). Thembe dropped out of Standard 5, so she completed Standard 4 and is coded 14.


top
Botswana 2001 — source variable BW2001A_EDATTAIN — Highest level of education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
All persons 2 years and over
[Questions A13-A15]

A15. What is the highest grade that [the person] has completed?

Pre-school
[] 00 (if year 1 not completed)
[] 01
[] 02
Primary
[] 10
[] 11
[] 12
[] 13
[] 14
[] 15
[] 16
[] 17
Secondary
[] 21
[] 22
[] 23
[] 24
[] 25
[] 26
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
107e. Columns A14 - A15 These questions apply only to persons aged 2 years and more. If the person is under 2 years of age, then when you reach column A13 you should put dashes in the shaded areas for columns A13 -- A32 and proceed to the next listed person in the household. The relevant portion of the sample questionnaire is shown on page 28 for easy reference.

109a. Column A15: Highest grade completed

Q: What is the highest level that [the person]completed?

Enter the highest school level or grade the person has completed as per the codes below:

For Pre-school

If year 1 not completed enter 00
If year 1 completed enter 01
If year 2 completed enter 02
If year 3 completed enter 03

For Non-Formal Education

If prima 1 not completed enter 60

If prima 1 completed enter 61
If prima 2 completed enter 62
If prima 3 completed enter 63
If prima 4 completed enter 64
If prima 5 completed enter 65

For Primary school

If Standard 1 not completed enter 10
If Standard 1, enter 11
If Standard 2, enter 12
If Standard 3, enter 13
If Standard 4, enter 14
If Standard 5, enter 15
If Standard 6, enter 16
If Standard 7, enter 17

For Sub A or Sub B enter 11. If the person, at the time of enumeration, is in Standard 1, enter 10.

If the person has attended or is attending secondary school, enter the highest form completed:

If Form 1, enter 21
If Form 2, enter 22
If Form 3, enter 23
If Form 4, enter 24
If Form 5, enter 25
If Form 6, enter 26

If the person is currently in Form 1, enter 17. Someone who completed Form 3 but failed the exam will be coded 23. Someone who completed Junior certificate (JC) under the two year JC certificate system will be coded 22, while for those who completed JC under the three year system will be coded 23.


top
Botswana 2011 — source variable BW2011A_EDUATTAIN2 — Highest level completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
A. Person Information

Educational attainment

15. What is the highest level of schooling that [the respondent] has completed?

Pre-primary
[] 01 One year
[] 02 Two years
[] 03 Three years
[] 04 Four years
Primary
[] 101 One year
[] 102 Two years
[] 103 Three years
[] 104 Four years
[] 105 Five years
[] 106 Six years
[] 107 Seven years
Secondary
[] 201 One year
[] 202 Two years
[] 203 Three years
[] 204 Four years
[] 205 Five years
[] 206 Six years
Non-formal education
[] 301 One year
[] 302 Two years
[] 303 Three years
[] 304 Four years
[] 305 Five years
Apprentice
[] 1110 Less than one year
[] 1111 One year
[] 1112 Two years
[] 1113 Three years
[] 1114 Four years
Brigade
[] 1220 Less than one year
[] 1221 One year
[] 1222 Two years
[] 1223 Three years
[] 1224 Four years
Technical / Vocational certificate
[] 1310 Less than one year
[] 1311 One year
[] 1312 Two years
[] 1313 Three years
[] 1314 Four years
[] 1315 Five years
Technical / Vocational diploma
[] 1320 Less than one year
[] 1321 One year
[] 1322 Two years
[] 1323 Three years
[] 1324 Four years
[] 1325 Five years
Educational college certificate
[] 1411 One year
[] 1412 Two years
[] 1413 Three years
[] 1414 Four years
Educational college diploma
[] 1421 One year
[] 1422 Two years
[] 1423 Three years
[] 1424 Four years
[] 1425 Five years
Educational college degree
[] 1430 Less than one year
[] 1431 One year
[] 1432 Two years
[] 1433 Three years
[] 1434 Four years
[] 1435 Five years
Institute of Health Sciences
[] 1510 Less than one year
[] 1511 One year
[] 1512 Two years
Diploma of Institute of Health Sciences
[] 1521 One year
[] 1522 Two years
[] 1523 Three years
[] 1524 Four years
Degree of Institute of Health Sciences
[] 1531 One year
[] 1532 Two years
[] 1533 Three years
[] 1534 Four years
[] 1535 Five years
University certificate
[] 1610 Less than one year
[] 1611 One year
[] 1612 Two years
[] 1613 Three years
[] 1614 Four years
University diploma
[] 1611 One year
[] 1612 Two years
[] 1613 Three years
[] 1614 Four years
University degree
[] 1630 Less than one year
[] 1631 One year
[] 1632 Two years
[] 1633 Three years
[] 1634 Four years
[] 1635 Five years
[] 1636 Six years
[] 1637 Seven years
University post-graduate degree
[] 1641 One year
[] 1642 Two years
[] 1643 Three years
[] 1644 Four years
[] 1645 Five years
[] 1646 Six years
University PhD / doctorate
[] 1651 One year
[] 1652 Two years
[] 1653 Three years
[] 1654 Four years
[] 1655 Five years
[] 1656 Six years
[] 1657 Seven years
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
141. Columns A15-A17
These questions apply only to persons aged 2 years and above. If the person is less than 2 years of age, then when you reach column A15, you should dashes in the shaded area for columns A15-A31 and proceed to the next listed person in the household. These questions refer to school attendance by the person in question. The relevant portion of the sample questionnaire is shown on page 33 for ease of reference.

143. Column A16: Highest grade completed
Q. What was the highest level that the respondent completed?
Enter the highest school level or grade the person has completed as per the codes below:

For Pre-school

a. If year 1 not completed, enter 00
b. If year 1 completed, enter 01
c. If year 2 completed, enter 02
d. If years at pre-school are not known, enter 09

For primary school

a. If in Standard 1, and has gone through pre-school, enter 03
b. If Standard 1 not completed, enter 10
c. If Standard 1 completed, enter 11
d. If Standard 2 completed, enter 12
e. If Standard 3 completed, enter 13
f. If Standard 4 in completed, enter 14
g. If Standard 5 is completed, enter 15
h. If Standard 6 is completed, enter 16
i. If Standard 7 is completed, enter 17
j. If it is known that the person went as far as primary, but the standard complete is not known, enter 19.
k. For Sub A or Sub B enter 11. If the person, at the time of enumeration, is in Standard 1, enter 10.
l. If the person has attended or is attending secondary school, enter the highest form completed:
i. If Form 1 completed, enter 21
ii. If Form 2 completed, enter 22
iii. If Form 3 completed, enter 23
iv. If Form 4 completed, enter 24
v. If Form 5 completed, enter 25
vi. If Form 6 completed, enter 26
m. If it is known that the person went as far as secondary school, but the form completed is not known, enter 29.
n. If the person is currently in Form 1, enter 17. Someone who completed their Junior certificate (JC) under the two year JC certificate system will be coded 22, while for those who completed their JC under the three year system will be coded 23.

Tertiary certificate

a. If tertiary certificate, first year not completed, enter30
b. If tertiary certificate, first year completed, enter 31
c. If tertiary certificate, second year completed, enter 32
d. If the exact tertiary certificate year completed is not known, enter 39

Tertiary diploma

a. If tertiary diploma, first year not completed, enter 40
b. If tertiary diploma, first year completed, enter 41
c. If tertiary diploma, second year completed, enter 42
d. If tertiary diploma, third year completed, enter 43
e. If the exact tertiary diploma year completed is not known, enter 49

Tertiary degree

a. If tertiary courses, first year not completed, enter 50
b. If tertiary courses, first year completed, enter 51
c. If tertiary courses, second year completed, enter 52
d. If tertiary courses, third year completed, enter 53
e. If tertiary courses, fourth year completed, enter 54
f. If tertiary courses, fifth year completed, enter 55
g. If the exact tertiary degree year completed is not known, enter 59

Post graduate courses

a. If post graduate courses, first year not completed, enter 60
b. If post graduate courses, first year completed, enter 61
c. If post graduate courses, second year completed, enter 62
d. If post graduate courses, third year completed, enter 63
e. If post graduate courses, fourth year completed, enter 64
f. If post graduate courses, fifth year completed, enter 65
g. If the exact post graduate course year completed is not known, enter 69

For non-formal education

a. If prima 1 not completed, enter 70
b. If prima 1 completed, enter 71
c. If prima 2 completed, enter 72
d. If prima 3 completed, enter 73
e. If prima 4 completed, enter 74
f. If prima 5 completed, enter 75
g. If the exact prima year completed is not known, enter 79

top
Brazil 1960 — source variable BR1960A_EDGRADE — Last grade concluded
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for persons 5 years and older
[Applies to questions L - N]


Questions M and N: If attending or attended school, indicate the last grade and/or level that was passed


M. Grade

[] 44 1st grade
[] 45 2nd grade
[] 46 3rd grade
[] 47 4th grade
[] 48 5th grade
[] 49 6th grade
[] 50 currently attending 1st grade
[] 51 didn't attend and never attended

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions will be asked only of persons age 5 and over
[Applies to questions L - N]


Question M - Last year of school concluded with approval

Persons who are attending or who attended a regular school should inform the last year which they passed.

[p. 31]

Thus, 1st grade should be marked for a person who is attending 2nd year [or grade] of primary school; the 2nd year of junior high school [ginasial - 6th to 9th year] should be marked for a person who dropped out of the course in the 3rd year of junior high school [ginasial - 6th to 9th year] without terminating it or without passing; and the last year of the course should be marked for a person who concluded that course (example: the enumerator should mark 5th year for those who concluded a 5-year law course).
Attending first year should be marked only for persons who are attending the 1st year of primary school.
For persons who are not attending school or who never attended school, the last Box (51 - Does not attend and never attended) should be marked.


top
Brazil 1960 — source variable BR1960A_EDLEVEL — Level of course
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for persons 5 years and older
[Applies to questions L - N]


Questions M and N: If attending or attended school, indicate the last grade and/or level that was passed


N. Level

[] 52 elementary
[] 53 middle-1st cycle
[] 54 middle-2nd cycle
[] 55 higher education

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions will be asked only of persons age 5 and over
[Applies to questions L - N]


Question N - Level or year concluded passed

This question should only be answered by persons for whom the enumerator marked one of the series in the preceding question. Nothing will be recorded in this question for persons who answered that they do not attend and never attended, in the preceding question.
The enumerator will mark an X in the field corresponding to one of the following responses:
Elementary - For those who have concluded one year of Primary school or its equivalent [first four years of schooling], such as elementary-level professional courses;

Junior high school [Médio 1º Ciclo, 5th or 6th, to 8th year] - For persons who have concluded one year of the Middle School, 1st Cycle [5th or 6th, to 8th year - Curso Ginasial or some other course on an equivalent level;
Senior high school [Médio - 2º ciclo] - For those who have concluded one year in the Classical or the Scientific course [college prep - 9th to 12th year] or some other course on an equivalent level;
Higher education - For persons who have concluded a year in Higher Education, such as Law, Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Engineering, Economics, Architecture, Agronomy, Military school, Denominational Seminary, Philosophy, etc.


top
Brazil 1970 — source variable BR1970A_EDGRADE — Last school grade concluded
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people 5 years and older
[Applies to questions 15 - 17]

17. If currently in school or attended school, indicate the last grade and/or level that was passed

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 17 - If you attend or attended school, indicate the last grade/year and level passed

(Only for persons age 5 or over)

Grade
Record the last grade in the highest-level course passed.

For example: for those who are attending the 2nd grade of primary school, the 1st grade box will be marked; for those who interrupted their studies in the 3rd year of junior high school (ginásio), the 2nd year box will be marked.

In the cases listed below, indicate:

a) Box 1 for those who are attending the 1st grade elementary;
b) the course being taken and not the last grade concluded for persons who are attending junior high school preparation [admissão, usually 5th grade], college entrance exam, preparation (vestibular), Article 99, and adult literacy courses;
c) junior high school preparation for those who are attending the 6th grade of the primary course;
d) Box 0 - None, for those who are not attending or have never attended school;
e) 2nd grade/year for those who are simultaneously attending the 3rd year of senior high school and the college entrance exam course.


Level
Record:

Elementary - For those who have concluded one year of Primary school or its equivalent [grades 1-4], such as elementary-level professional courses; and for persons who are attending the 1st grade elementary, adult literacy courses and junior high school preparation (admissão).


[p. 38]

Junior High School [6th to 8th year/grade] - For persons who have concluded one year of Junior High School [curso ginasial - 6th to 8th year/grade] or some other course on an equivalent level and for persons who are taking the Article 99 course for junior high school (ginasial) examination;
Senior high school (Médio - 2º ciclo) - For those who have concluded one year in the Classical or the Scientific course [High School - 9th to 11th year/grade] or some other course on an equivalent level and for persons who are taking the Article 99 course for the senior high school examination or college entrance examination;
Higher Education - For persons who have concluded a year in Higher Education, such as Law, Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Engineering, Economics, Architecture, Agronomy, Military school, Denominational Seminary, Philosophy, etc.
None - for persons who answered No in the previous question.


top
Brazil 1970 — source variable BR1970A_EDLEVEL — Level of the last grade concluded
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people 5 years and older
[Applies to questions 15 - 17]

17. If currently in school or attended school, indicate the last grade and/or level that was passed

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 17 - If you attend or attended school, indicate the last grade/year and level passed

(Only for persons age 5 or over)

Grade
Record the last grade in the highest-level course passed.

For example: for those who are attending the 2nd grade of primary school, the 1st grade box will be marked; for those who interrupted their studies in the 3rd year of junior high school (ginásio), the 2nd year box will be marked.

In the cases listed below, indicate:

a) Box 1 for those who are attending the 1st grade elementary;
b) the course being taken and not the last grade concluded for persons who are attending junior high school preparation [admissão, usually 5th grade], college entrance exam, preparation (vestibular), Article 99, and adult literacy courses;
c) junior high school preparation for those who are attending the 6th grade of the primary course;
d) Box 0 - None, for those who are not attending or have never attended school;
e) 2nd grade/year for those who are simultaneously attending the 3rd year of senior high school and the college entrance exam course.


Level
Record:

Elementary - For those who have concluded one year of Primary school or its equivalent [grades 1-4], such as elementary-level professional courses; and for persons who are attending the 1st grade elementary, adult literacy courses and junior high school preparation (admissão).


[p. 38]

Junior High School [6th to 8th year/grade] - For persons who have concluded one year of Junior High School [curso ginasial - 6th to 8th year/grade] or some other course on an equivalent level and for persons who are taking the Article 99 course for junior high school (ginasial) examination;
Senior high school (Médio - 2º ciclo) - For those who have concluded one year in the Classical or the Scientific course [High School - 9th to 11th year/grade] or some other course on an equivalent level and for persons who are taking the Article 99 course for the senior high school examination or college entrance examination;
Higher Education - For persons who have concluded a year in Higher Education, such as Law, Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Engineering, Economics, Architecture, Agronomy, Military school, Denominational Seminary, Philosophy, etc.
None - for persons who answered No in the previous question.


top
Brazil 1980 — source variable BR1980A_SCHGRADE — Current grade
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The following questions are to be filled out only for the person 5 years or older
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


For the person who is attending school (if not attending, mark 0)
[Applies to questions 20 - 22]


20. Grade attending (for courses that are credited, in periods, in semesters, or supplemental)

[] 1 1st grade
[] 2 2nd grade
[] 3 3rd grade
[] 4 4th grade
[] 5 5th grade
[] 6 6th grade
[] 7 7th grade
[] 8 8th grade
[] 0 none

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions will be filled out only for persons age 5 or over, that is, those born before September 1, 1975.
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


Questions 20, 21 and 22 - For persons who attend school

Consider as attending the school not only those who take regular courses, but also those attending Pre-school, Adult literacy course, General Education (attending class on the radio or television), College entrance exam course, Master's degree or Doctor's degree.
Also consider as attending school persons who, are duly registered but, on the date of reference, are temporarily unable to attend for reasons of illness, etc.
Do not consider as attending school persons who, on the date of the Census, are attending only short courses for professional specialization or cultural extension, such as sewing, dancing, typing, etc.


Question 20 - Grade currently attended

For persons who attend courses in grades/years, mark the grade/year they attend.
If the course attended is not organized by year, but according to a credit system, academic periods, semesters, phases, modules, etc., these credits, periods, etc. should be converted into the traditional grades or years. Therefore, the 5th period of credits at a university is usually equivalent to the 3rd year; each phase or division of schooling generally corresponds to a grade or year in regular courses.
For persons who attend non-graded courses or who do not attend school. Box 0 - None - will be marked.


top
Brazil 1980 — source variable BR1980A_CRSSTDY — Level now studying
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The following questions are to be filled out only for the person 5 years or older
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


For the person who is attending school (if not attending, mark 0)
[Applies to questions 20 - 22]


For the person who attends graded courses (if not attending, mark the 0 boxes)
[Applies to questions 21 - 22]


21. Level of the grade attending

[] 1- primary or elementary
[] 2- middle/junior school
[] 3- first level
[] 4- 2nd level
[] 5- senior high or middle school
Supplemental general education:
[] 6- 1st level
[] 7- 2nd level
[] 8- higher
[] 0- none

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions will be filled out only for persons age 5 or over, that is, those born before September 1, 1975.
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


Questions 20, 21 and 22 - For persons who attend school

Consider as attending the school not only those who take regular courses, but also those attending Pre-school, Adult literacy course, General Education (attending class on the radio or television), College entrance exam course, Master's degree or Doctor's degree.
Also consider as attending school persons who, are duly registered but, on the date of reference, are temporarily unable to attend for reasons of illness, etc.
Do not consider as attending school persons who, on the date of the Census, are attending only short courses for professional specialization or cultural extension, such as sewing, dancing, typing, etc.


Question 21 - Level of the grade or year attended

For persons who recorded a grade or year in Question 20, indicate the level of the course attended, marking:

Primary or elementary - for persons who attend a grade or year of the primary course or its equivalent at a school where the educational reform (Law No. 5692) has not yet been implemented;
Junior high school (Ginasial ou médio 1º ciclo) - for persons who attend a grade or year of junior high school (curso ginasial) or other equivalent level at a school where the educational reform (Law No. 5692) has not yet been implemented;
1st level [Grades 1-8] - for persons who attend a grade or year in the 1st level course at a school where the educational reform (Law No. 5.692) has been implemented;
2nd level [Grades or years 8-11] - for persons who attend a grade or year in a 2nd level course at a school where the educational reform (Law No. 5.692) has been implemented;
Senior high school - 2nd cycle (Colegial ou Médio 2º ciclo) - for persons who attend a grade in a scientific, classical or other equivalent high-school course at a school where the educational reform (Law No. 5.692) has not yet been implemented;


[p. 48]

General Education - 1st level [Grades 1 to 8, Supletivo 1º grau] - for persons who attend a 1st-level grade or phase of a graded General Education course;
General Education - 2nd level [Grades 9-11, Supletivo 2º grau] - for persons who attend a 2nd-level grade or phase of a graded General Education course;
Higher education - for persons who attend a grade or credit period in a university course or other course of higher education; or
None - for persons who attend a non-graded course or do not attend school.


top
Brazil 1980 — source variable BR1980A_NGRADATT — Ungraded course
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The following questions are to be filled out only for the person 5 years or older
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


For the person who is attending school (if not attending, mark 0)
[Applies to questions 20 - 22]


For the person who attends graded courses (if not attending, mark the 0 boxes)
[Applies to questions 21 - 22]


22. For the person who is attending non-graded courses (if attending graded course, mark the 0 box)

[] 1- preschool
[] 2- adult literacy course
Supplemental, attending school:
[] 3- 1st level
[] 4- 2nd level
Supplemental via radio or TV:
[] 5- 1st level
[] 6- 2nd level
[] 7- college entrance exam
[] 8- masters or doctorate
[] 0- none

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions will be filled out only for persons age 5 or over, that is, those born before September 1, 1975.
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


Questions 20, 21 and 22 - For persons who attend school

Consider as attending the school not only those who take regular courses, but also those attending Pre-school, Adult literacy course, General Education (attending class on the radio or television), College entrance exam course, Master's degree or Doctor's degree.
Also consider as attending school persons who, are duly registered but, on the date of reference, are temporarily unable to attend for reasons of illness, etc.
Do not consider as attending school persons who, on the date of the Census, are attending only short courses for professional specialization or cultural extension, such as sewing, dancing, typing, etc.


Question 22 - For persons who attend a non-graded course

For persons who attend a non-graded course, mark:

Pre-school - a course for training children under the age of 7, that is, pre-kindergarten, kindergarten, literacy class (C.A.);
Adult literacy course - for teaching reading and writing to persons over the age of 14, such as that administered by MOBRAL or similar institution;
General Education 1st level [Grades 1-8, Supletivo] Attending school - for persons who attend a preparatory course for the 1st-level General Education examinations (Supletivo ou Madureza, de 1º grau);
General Education 2nd level [Grades 9-11, Supletivo] - Attending school - for persons who attend a preparatory course for the 2nd-level General Education examinations (Supletivo ou Madureza de 2º grau);
General Education 1st level [Grades 1-8, Supletivo] - On Radio or Television - for persons who attend classes conducted by radio or television in preparation for 1st-level General Education examinations;
General Education 2nd level [Grades 9-11, Supletivo] - On Radio or Television - for persons who attend classes conducted by radio or television in preparation for 2nd-level General Education examinations;
College Entrance Exam Course (Vestibular) - for persons who attend a preparatory course to take college entrance examinations. Persons who are attending the 3rd year of senior high school (3ª série do 2º grau ou Médio 2º Ciclo) and simultaneously taking the college entrance exam course should inform only about the regular course in Questions 20 and 21;
Master's or Doctor's - for persons who are attending a master's or doctorate levels. Persons who are preparing theses without attending a course, if registered or enrolled, should also be considered as attending school; or
None - for persons who attend a graded course or do not attend school.


top
Brazil 1980 — source variable BR1980A_YRSCHOOL — Last completed grade
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The following questions are to be filled out only for the person 5 years or older
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


For the person who is not attending school (if attending school or never attended school, mark the 0 boxes)
[Applies to questions 23 -24]


23. Last grade passed

[] 1 1st grade
[] 2 2nd grade
[] 3 3rd grade
[] 4 4th grade
[] 5 5th grade
[] 6 6th grade
[] 7 7th grade
[] 8 8th grade
[] 0 none

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions will be filled out only for persons age 5 or over, that is, those born before September 1, 1975.
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


Questions 23 and 24 - For persons who do not attend school

For persons who concluded or discontinued the course they were attending, mark, in Question 23, the last grade or year concluded in the highest level course and, in Question 24, the level of this course, according to the designation in effect at the time of the interruption or conclusion.
The criteria and concepts for entering the course that was concluded or interrupted are the same as those indicated for the courses attended, ministered in Questions 20 and 21. Consider recording master's degree or doctor's degree only when the person has earned the respective title or approval of thesis.

[p. 49]

For persons who are attending school or who never attended school, mark Box 0 in these two questions.
Only if the person is attending a course at the same level or on a level lower than one already concluded or interrupted, should there be, besides the information about the course they are attending (Questions 20, 21 and 22), information about the highest level course concluded or interrupted (Question 23 and 24).


top
Brazil 1980 — source variable BR1980A_YRSCHOO1 — Level of last course concluded
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The following questions are to be filled out only for the person 5 years or older
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


For the person who is not attending school (if attending school or never attended school, mark the 0 boxes)
[Applies to questions 23 -24]


24. Last level passed (For adult literacy courses, masters or doctorate, mark the box -none- in question 23)

[] 1 adult literacy course
[] 2 primary or elementary
[] 3 middle/junior school
[] 4 1st level
[] 5 2nd level
[] 6 senior high or middle school
[] 7 higher
[] 8 masters or doctorate
[] 0 none

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions will be filled out only for persons age 5 or over, that is, those born before September 1, 1975.
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


Questions 23 and 24 - For persons who do not attend school

For persons who concluded or discontinued the course they were attending, mark, in Question 23, the last grade or year concluded in the highest level course and, in Question 24, the level of this course, according to the designation in effect at the time of the interruption or conclusion.
The criteria and concepts for entering the course that was concluded or interrupted are the same as those indicated for the courses attended, ministered in Questions 20 and 21. Consider recording master's degree or doctor's degree only when the person has earned the respective title or approval of thesis.

[p. 49]

For persons who are attending school or who never attended school, mark Box 0 in these two questions.
Only if the person is attending a course at the same level or on a level lower than one already concluded or interrupted, should there be, besides the information about the course they are attending (Questions 20, 21 and 22), information about the highest level course concluded or interrupted (Question 23 and 24).


top
Brazil 1991 — source variable BR1991A_YRSTUDY — Years of study
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons attending school (if not attending, mark the 0 boxes)
[Applies to questions 24 - 26]


24. Grade attending (for person who is attending adult literacy courses, masters or doctorate, mark 0 "none")

[] 1 1st grade
[] 2 2nd grade
[] 3 3rd grade
[] 4 4th grade
[] 5 5th grade
[] 6 6th grade
[] 7 7th grade
[] 8 8th grade
[] 0 none


25. Level of the grade attending

[] 1 primary or elementary
[] 2 middle/junior school
[] 3 higher
Supplemental general education:
[] 4 1st level
[] 7 2nd level
[] 0 none


For persons not attending school. (If attending school or never attended school, mark the 0 boxes)
[Applies to questions 27 - 28]


27. Last grade passed (for the person who passed adult literacy courses, masters or doctorate, mark 0 "none")

[] 1 1st grade
[] 2 2nd grade
[] 3 3rd grade
[] 4 4th grade
[] 5 5th grade
[] 6 6th grade
[] 7 7th grade
[] 8 8th grade
[] 9 never attended
[] 0 none


28. Last level passed

[] 1 adult literacy course
[] 2 primary or elementary
[] 3 middle/junior school
[] 4 1st level
[] 5 2nd level
[] 6 senior high or middle school
[] 7 higher
[] 8 masters or doctorate
[] 0 none

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 27 and 28 - For persons who do not attend school
For persons who concluded or discontinued the course they were attending, mark, in Question 27, the last grade or year concluded in the highest level course and, in Question 28, the level of this course.
The criteria and concepts for entering the course that was concluded or interrupted are the same as those indicated for the courses attended, ministered in Questions 24 and 25. Consider recording master's degree or doctor's degree only when the person has earned the respective title or approval of thesis.
For persons who are attending or attended school and did not conclude the 1st grade of the First level [grades 1-8] or equivalent, mark - 0 - None - in Question 27 and Box 0 - None - in Question 28.
For persons who never attended school, mark Box 9 - Never attended - in Question 27 and 0 - None - in Question 28.
Only if the person is attending a course at the same level or on a level lower than one already concluded or interrupted, should there be, besides the information about the course they are attending (Questions 24, 25 and 26), information about the highest level [p. 69] course concluded or interrupted (Question 27 and 28).
Note - In CD 1.01, Questions 6 and 7 - Grade or Year, and Level of the Grade or Year passed.
If CD 1.02 is transcribed to CD 1.01, when the Head of the family or household is attending school (Questions 24 to 26), the grade or year to be recorded will be that prior to the one now being attended and for persons who never attended school (Question 27, Box 9), convert to Box 0 - None - in Question 6.
Example: 1) CD 1.02
Question 24 - 3rd grade or year
Question 25 - Second level [grades 9-11]
CD 1.01
Question 6 - 2nd grade or year
Question 7 - Second level [grades 9-11]
Example: 2) CD 1.02
Question 27 - Never attended
Question 28 - None
CD 1.01
Question 6 - None
Question 7 - None
The following questions will only be filled out for persons age 10 or over, that is, born before 1980.

top
Brazil 2000 — source variable BR2000A_YREDUC — Years of education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For the person who attends school
[Applies to questions 4.30 - 4.31]


4.30 What course do you attend?

[] 1 child care
[] 2 preschool
[] 3 literacy class
[] 4 adult literacy class
[] 5 basic instruction or 1st level - regular graded
[] 6 basic instruction or 1st level - regular non-graded
[] 7 supplemental (basic instruction or 1st level)
[] 8 midlevel instruction or 2nd level - regular graded
[] 9 midlevel instruction or 2nd level - regular non-graded
[] 10 supplemental (midlevel instruction or 2nd level)
[] 11 college entrance exam preparation course (pre-vestibular)
[] 12 superior - undergraduate
[] 13 masters or doctorate


4.31 What level do you attend?

[] 1 first
[] 2 second
[] 3 third
[] 4 fourth
[] 5 fifth
[] 6 sixth
[] 7 seventh
[] 8 eight
[] 9 course non-graded
(If 10 years old or older, go to 4.36. If not, end interview.)


For person who is not attending, but has in the past
[Applies to questions 4.32 - 4.35]


4.32 The highest course attended, in which you completed at least one grade?

[] 1 adult literacy course
[] 2 former primary
[] 3 former junior high (ginásio)
[] 4 former classical, scientific, etc. [senior high school]
[] 5 elementary instruction or 1st level
[] 6 secondary instruction or 2nd level
[] 7 higher - undergraduate
[] 8 masters or doctorate
[] 9 none


4.33 What was the last grade passed?

[] 1 first
[] 2 second
[] 3 third
[] 4 fourth
[] 5 fifth
[] 6 sixth
[] 7 seventh
[] 8 eight
[] 9 non-graded course
[] 10 none

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For Persons Who Attend School
[Applies to questions 4.30 - 4.31]


Question 4.30 - What course are you taking?

Mark, as the case may be:

1 - Day-care center - organized to give daytime assistance to children in the early years of life, whether such establishments are legally regulated or not;
2 - Pre-school - generally addressed to children under the age of seven (7); this type of school is referred to by several different names, depending on the region and level attained by the children: maternal, kindergarten, jardim, etc.
3 - Literacy class - a course aimed at teaching children to read and write;
4 - Adult literacy course - a course which has the purpose of teaching reading and writing to youth and adults.
5 - Regular elementary education or first level [grades 1-8] - organized by grades or years - a course in elementary or 1st level education, organized by annual grades;
6 - Regular elementary or first level education [grades 1-8]- not organized by grades or years - a course in elementary or 1st level education not organized into annual grades; that is, it is organized by a system of credits, academic periods, semesters, phases, modules, cycles, etc.;
7 - General education (elementary education or first level [grades 1-8]) - a general elementary education or 1st level course, whether organized by grades or years, or not;


[p. 112]

8 - Regular senior high school [grades 9-11] or second level school [grades 9-11] - organized by grades or years - courses in senior high school [grades 9-11] or 2nd level [grades 9-11], organized into annual grades;
9 - Regular senior high [grades 9-11] or second level school [grades 9-11]- not organized by grades or years - a course in senior high school [grades 9-11] or 2nd level [grades 9-11] not organized into annual grades; that is, it is organized by a system of credits, academic periods, semesters, phases, modules, cycles, etc.;
10 - General education (senior high school [grades 9-11] or second level [grades 9-11]) - a senior high school or 2nd level general education course [grades 9-11] organized by grades or years, or not;
11 - College entrance exam course - a course to prepare students to take entrance examinations for an undergraduate course (Exame Vestibular);
12 - Higher education - Under-Graduate
13 - Master's or doctor's degree - a master's or doctorate course, including persons registered in order to prepare theses.


Question 4.31 - What grade do you attend?

If the course attended is not organized into annual grades, but by a system of credits, academic periods, semesters, phases, modules, cycles, etc., it should be converted into regular grades. For example, the 7th period of credits at a university is usually equivalent to the 4th year. Likewise, each phase or division of general education courses usually corresponds to a grade in the regular educational system.

If the person attends subjects in different grades (acceleration, multi-graded or make up classes), record the grade in which he or she is registered.

For persons who attend Elementary Education [grades 1-8] or Senior High School [grades 9-11], that is, courses currently equivalent to the 1st [grades 1-8] and 2nd [grades 9-11] levels, respectively, and the course is structured into modules, cycles, phases, etc. and there is no way to convert to grades, it should be recorded as a non-graded course.

[p. 113]

Mark the grade attended, either by grades or years, or a non-graded course:

1 - first
2 - second
3 - third
4 - fourth
5 - fifth
6 - sixth
7 - seventh
8 - eighth
9 - non-graded course


For persons who do not attend school now, but have attended in the past
[Applies to questions 4.32 - 4.35]


Question 4.32 (Sample) and 4.07 (Basic) - What is the highest course you have attended, in which you concluded at least one grade or year?

Mark, as the case may be:

1 - Adult literacy course - a course which has the purpose of teaching reading and writing to youth and adults;
2 - Primary - for the elementary course [grades 1-4];
3 - Formerginásio - for junior high school course [grades 5-8];
4 - Former clássico, científico, etc. - for a senior high school course [grades 9-11];
5 - Elementary school or 1st level [grades 1-8];
6 - Senior high school [grades 9-11] or 2nd level [grades 9-11];
7 - Higher education - undergraduate;
8 - Master's or doctorate - A course for master's or doctor's degree. This item will only be marked if the person has received a diploma as a master or doctor, or had a thesis approved, even if the diploma has not yet been issued; and
9 - None - for persons who:

  • attended but did not conclude the 1st grade of elementary school, first level, or equivalent;
  • attended or concluded only literacy class,
  • attended but did not conclude an adult literacy course; or
  • attended only day-care center


[Comment and examples were not translated into English]


Question 4.33 (Sample) and 4.08 (Basic) - What was the last grade concluded and approved?

Mark the last grade concluded with approval in courses by grades or years. For persons who concluded part or all of an adult literacy course, master's degree or doctor's degree, record Box 9.

1 - first
2 - second
3 - third
4 - fourth
5 - fifth
6 - sixth
7 - seventh
8 - eighth
9 - non-graded course
10 - none


If the course attended is not organized into annual grades, but by a system of credits, academic periods, semesters, phases, modules, cycles, etc., it should be converted into the regular grades which the person concluded with approval. The 8th period concluded at a university, for example, is usually equivalent to the 4th fourth year concluded, while the 7th period concluded is equivalent to the 3rd year concluded. Likewise, each phase or division of general education usually corresponds to a grade or year in the regular education system.

In cases where the person was attending subjects in different years or grades (acceleration, multi-graded or make-up classes), record the last grade or year concluded with approval where this person was officially registered.

Persons who attended Elementary Education or Senior High School [grades 9-11], that is, courses currently equivalent to the 1st [grades 1-8] and 2nd levels [grades 9-11], respectively, and the course was structured by modules, cycles, phases, etc., and where there is no possibility of conversion to grades or years, must be recorded as non-graded courses.

top
Burkina Faso 1985 — source variable BF1985A_EDLEVEL — Level of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Residents 10 years of age and older
[Questions 9-15 were asked for residents age 10 and older.]


10. Level of schooling ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Column ten - level of education
[This section, column ten, is omitted from this translation of the original document]

top
Cambodia 1998 — source variable KH1998A_EDUC — Grade or level of education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

14 Full-Time Education
( a ) Have you ever attended School/ Educational Institution? (Enter Code)
1 Never
2 Now
3 Past

( b ) What is the highest grade completed? (Enter Code from list below)
Codes for Column 14 (b) What is the highest grade completed?

For Never in 14 (a) put dash ( - )
For Now or Past in 14 (a), Code as follows:-
00 No class completed
01 Class 1 completed
02 Class 2 completed
.
.
11 Class 11 completed
12 Class 12 completed
13 Secondary School / Certificate / Diploma
14 Undergraduate
15 Graduate / Degree holder
16 Postgraduate
17 ___ Other (specify)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 14: Full Time Education

94. Full-time education refers to education in an educational institution like Primary School, Secondary School, College etc.

Column 14 (a): Have you ever attended School / Educational Institution?

95. This applies to both literates and illiterates. The answer to this question may be recorded as follows:-

(a) Never:- Record 1 if the person has never at any time received full-time education.
(b) Now:- Record 2 if the person is still receiving full-time education at the time of the Census.
(c) Past:- Record 3 if the person received full-time education in the past and is no longer receiving it.


Note that it is possible that a person who is literate (Code 1 in Column 13), had never attended any school at all (e.g. he might have learnt to read and write in a pagoda) and may, therefore, be given Code 1 in Column 14(a).

Column 14 (b): What is the Highest Grade Completed?

96. Enter dash (--) in the two sub Columns in the case of a person who has never attended school/educational institution (Code 1 in Column 14(a)). Categories of educational levels have been provided for recording the highest grade completed in the school, college or any other educational institution attended by the respondents. A last category "other (specify)" (Code 17) has been included to cater for other educational categories not mentioned. In general, you may check whether the educational level of a person is consistent with his/her age. For example, a boy or girl of age 8 could not have completed class 11. If any such inconsistency is noted, please make probing questions and ascertain the correct answer.

top
Cambodia 2004 — source variable KH2004A_EDATTAIN — Highest grade completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Form B: Household questionnaire Part 2

For all persons
[Questions 10 to 23 were asked of all persons]

[17] Full time education

[b] What is the highest grade completed?

[Question 17b was asked of persons currently attending school]

Enter code from the list below
For "Never" in 17 (a) put dash (-) in17 (b). For "Now" or "Past" in 17 (a), code as follows [not all the possible responses are represented]:

[] 88 No class completed
[] 00 Pre-school/kindergarten
[] 01 Class 1 completed
[] 02 Class 2 completed
[] 11 Class 11 completed
[] 12 Class 12 completed (without bac)
[] 13 Secondary school / baccalaureate holder
[] 14 Technical / vocational pre-secondary diploma/certificate
[] 15 Technical / vocational post-secondary diploma/certificate
[] 16 Undergraduate
[] 17 Graduate / degree holder
[] 18 Postgraduate
[] 19 Master's degree
[] 20 Post-master's degree
[] 21 Ph.D.
[] 22 Other (specify) ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
52. Instructions for filing-in Column 1 to 23 of Form B: Part 2
You have to collect information in part 2 for all persons mentioned in Statement and Statement 1.2 of Part 1. Some of the following questions have been answered in Part 1. Therefore there will be no need to ask these questions again. In such cases all you have to do is to copy the information in the appropriate columns.

70. Column 17: Full time education
Full-time education refers to education in an educational institution like Primary School, Secondary School, College, etc. This question should be filled-in for all persons.

72. Column 17 (b): What is the highest grade completed?
Enter dash (-) in the two sub-Columns in the case of a person who has never attended school/education institution (Code 1 in Column 17(a)). Categories of educational levels have been provided for recording the highest grade completed in the school, college or any other educational institution attended by the respondents. A last category "other (specify)" (Code 22) has been included to cater for other educational categories not mentioned. In general, you may check whether the educational level of a person is consistent with his/her age. For example, a boy or girl of age 8 could not have completed class 11. If any such inconsistency is noted, please make probing questions and ascertain the correct answer. Code 88 should be given to no class completed. Code 00 should be given to Pre-school/kindergarten completed.


top
Cambodia 2008 — source variable KH2008A_EDUC — Grade or level of education completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

14 Full-time education


b. What is the highest grade completed? (Enter the code from the list below)

For "Never", put a dash (-)
For "Now" or "Past", the codes are as follows:

[] 00 No class completed
[] 01 Class 1 completed
[] 02 Class 2 completed
.
.
[] 11 Class 11 completed
[] 12 Class 12 completed
[] 13 Lower secondary diploma holder
[] 14 Secondary school/baccalaureate holder
[] 15 Technical/vocational pre-secondary diploma certificate
[] 16 Technical/vocational post-secondary diploma/certificate
[] 17 Undergraduate
[] 18 Graduate
[] 19 Postgraduate and above
[] 17 Other (specify) ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 14: Full Time Education

94. Full-time education refers to education in an educational institution like Primary School, Secondary School, College, etc.


Column 14 (b): What is the Highest Grade Completed?
[p.35]
96. Enter dash (-) in the two sub-Columns in the case of a person who has never attended a school/educational institution (Code 1 in Column 14 (a)). Categories of educational levels have been provided for recording the highest grade completed in the school, college or any other educational institution attended by the respondents. A last category, "other (specify)" (Code 20), has been included to cater for other educational categories not mentioned. In general, you may check whether the educational level of a person is consistent with his/her age. For example, a boy or girl of age 8 could not have completed class 11. If any such inconsistency is noted, please make probing questions and ascertain the correct answer.


top
Cambodia 2013 — source variable KH2013A_EDATTAIN — Highest grade completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all persons
[Questions 10 to 25 were asked of all persons]

17. Full-time education

b. Currently attending grade for code 2 of column 17(a)
[Question 17b was asked of persons currently attending school]

(Enter the code from the list below)

For code 1 ["never"] and code 3 ["in the past"] in col. 17(a), put a dash (-)
For code 2 ["now"] in col. 17(a), code from list below [not all the possible responses are represented]:

[] 00 Pre-school/kindergarten
[] 01 Grade 1
[] 02 Grade 2
[] 11 Class 11
[] 12 Class 12
[] 15 Technical / vocational pre-secondary diploma / certificate
[] 16 Technical / vocational post-secondary diploma / certificate
[] 17 Undergraduate course
[] 18 Post graduate course
[] 19 Post-master degree course
[] 20 Any other course (specify) ____
c. Highest grade completed
[Question 17c was asked of persons who ever attended school/educational institution]

(Enter the code from the list below)

For code 1 ["never"] in col. 17(a), put a dash (-)
For code 2 ["now"] and code 3 ["in the past"] in col. 17(a), code from list below [not all the possible responses are represented]:

[] 00. Pre-school / kindergarten
[] 01 Grade 1
[] 02 Grade 2
[] 11 Class 11
[] 12 Class 12
[] 13 Lower secondary diploma / certificate
[] 14 Upper secondary diploma / certificate / baccalaureate
[] 15 Technical / vocational pre-secondary diploma / certificate
[] 16 Technical / vocational post-secondary diploma / certificate
[] 17 Graduate degree
[] 18 Master's degree
[] 19 Ph.D. degree
[] 20 Any other diploma / degree completed (specify) ____
[] 88 No grade completed
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
52. Instructions for filling-in column 1 to 25 of Form B: part 2

You have to collect information in part 2 for all persons mentioned in statement 1.1 and statement 1.2 of part 1. Some of the following questions have been answered in part 1. Therefore there will be no need to ask these questions again. In such cases all you have to do is to copy the information in the appropriate column.

70. Column 17: full time education

[p. 27]

Full-time education refers to education in an educational institution like Primary school, Secondary school, College, Training center, etc. This question should be filled-in for all persons.

70.3 Column 17 (c): what is the highest grade completed?

If you have given code 1 in column 17(a), enter dash (-) in the two sub-columns of column 17(c). For Codes 2 and 3 in column 17 (a) give suitable code from the code list given below the question, based on the answer given by the respondent.. A last category "other (specify)" (Code 20) has been included to cater for other educational categories not mentioned. In general, you may check whether the educational level of a person is consistent with his/her age. For example, a boy or girl of age 8 could not have completed class 11. If any such inconsistency is noted, please make probing questions and ascertain the correct answer. Code 88 should be given for a person who has not completed any grade. Examples of this are: kids in the preschool/ kindergarten, drop outs from school who have not completed any grade.

70.4 Note on the code Lists for Currently attending grades and completed Grades Given Under Column 17

For both the columns 17(b) and 17 (c), code list is the same for Pre-school to Grade 12. This is explained below: suppose a person is currently attending grade 9 give code 09 in column 17(b). If another person has completed Grade 9 give code 09 in

[p. 28]

Column 17 (c) and so on.

Beyond Grade 12 currently attending grades can be coded in column 17 (b) from the list Called "Separate codes for Col.17 (b)" which contains Codes 15 to 20 for higher courses. Two Codes 13 and 14 will not apply to Column 17(b).

In the case of column 17(c) completed grades beyond Grade 12 should be coded using the list of codes called "Separate codes for Column 17(c)" which contains Codes 13 to 20 and code 88 for no grade completed. Examples: if code 15 is entered in column 17(b) it means the person is studying in the presecondary diploma course. If code 15 is entered in column 17(c) it means that the person concerned has completed pre-secondary diploma course and so on. If code 18 is given in column 17(b) it means the person is studying in the post-graduate class. If code 18 is given in column 17(c) it means the person has completed his Master's degree.

Important: in the case of a person who has successfully completed a diploma, certificate or degree course it is not necessary that she/he should have the completed certificate with her/him at the time of the survey. She/he should be treated as having completed the course.


top
Cameroon 1976 — source variable CM1976A_EDATT — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Population 4 years old or older


Education
Have you ever been to school?

If no, mark "No" in column 17 and draw a line in column 18.
If yes, mark in column 17 the abbreviation corresponding to the type of education based on the instructions on the bottom of the page. In column 18, mark the last grade they attended in this type of education.


18) Grade

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

b) Column 17 to 25:

To be filled out individually for the people ages 4 and over (mark a line in column 17 to 25 for children under 4.


Column 17: Education (type)
Mark one of the following abbreviations, corresponding to the last type of education received:

NO: for a person who never when to school;

MAT: for a person who when to kindergarten or nursery school

COR: for a person who only when to a Muslim religious school

PF: for a person who went to elementary school (Francophone system)

PF: for a person who when to elementary school (Anglophone system)

POST: Fro a person who when to middle school (SAR, SM, etc)

EPS: For a person who went to a higher elementary school (slightly more education than regular elementary school, for people not going to a University)

GEF: for a person who went to high school (Francophone system)

GEE: for a person who went to high school (Anglophone system)

TEF: for a person who went to a technical high school (Francophone system)

TEE: for a person who went to a technical high school (Anglophone system)

EN: for a person who went to a teacher training college

ESS: for a person who took specialized university classes (elite university, specialized higher learning institution connected or not to a university)

UNIV: for a person who went to the University


For all education systems other than Francophone and Anglophone, mark PR for elementary school education, GE for high school education, and TF for technical high school education.


Column 18: Education (class)

N.B. Only worry about the individuals who went to school; for the others (NO in column 17) mark a line. Mark the last grade level in the type of institution indicated in column 17 according to the following instructions:

Simple cases:

Mark the number of the last year spent in the institution. [Example omitted]

N.B. This applies to nursery school (MAT), to Anglophone elementary school (PE), to a private elementary school (EPS) and to a teacher training college (EN) and to systems other than Francophone or Anglophone.

Special cases:

Muslim religious school (COR): Mark the number of book studied

Example: 3 for three books studied.

Elementary school: mark the response given by the person:

[Levels omitted]
High school, Francophone system (GEF): Mark the response given by the person (6th, 5th, 4th, 3rd, 2nd, 1st, T (for final year)

Technical high school Francophone system (TEF):

Mark the response given by the person: 1st for first year, 2nd for second year, etc?

All the while, in the case of the technical high schools (2nd cycle of high school), mark:

5th for the third to last year (it's the 5th year of high school);

6th for the penultimate year (it's the 6th year of high school)

7th for final year (it's the 7th year of high school)

High school, Anglophone system (GEE and TEE): mark the last year spent in high school as it is provided by the person you are interviewing.

1st for class one, that's the first year spent in high school or at the "Cameroon College of Arts, Science and Technology":

7th for class seven, that's the 7th year spend at the same schools.

Higher education (ESS and UNIV): mark the number of years of study spent after high school graduation or the general certificate of education, advanced level:

1 for one year of study after high school graduation

4 for four years of study after high school graduation (don't count years taken twice)


top
Cameroon 1987 — source variable CM1987A_EDATTAN — Educational grade within level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Population of 3 years and older (born before April 1984).
[Questions 15-18 were asked of persons 3 years old or more.]


Education

Has [the respondent] ever attended school? If no, put a dash in columns P15, P16, and P17. If yes, put in column P15 the abbreviation that corresponds to the type of education, according to the instructions at the bottom of the page. In column P16 put the last class attended under the type of education and in column P17, the highest diploma obtained. Use the numbers at the bottom of the page.

P15. Type ____

P16. Class ____

P17. Diploma ____

P18. School attendance ____

Is [the respondent] currently attending courses, either in a regular school, full time or part time, in the day or in the evening? Circle the number corresponding to the appropriate abbreviation according to the instructions at the bottom of the page.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns P15 to P18: Population of 3 years and older (born before April 1984)
Note that these columns concern only persons aged 3 or more, in other words who were born before April 1984.
a) For children who are less than 3 years old, put a dash in columns P15, P16 and P17.
b) For persons aged 3 or more, ask if the person has been to school or not, If not put a dash in column 15, and then put a dash in columns P16 and P17.
If yes, proceed as follows:


Column P15: Type of Education
This is the type of school last attended by the person; write one of the following abbreviations:

MAT the person last attended (or is attending) a nursery school
COR the person last attended (or is attending) a koranic school;
PF the person last attended (or is attending) a francophone primary school
PE the person last attended (or is attending) an Anglophone primary school
POST the person last attended (or is attending) a post-primary school such as the rural handicraft center, domestic science center, etc.
GEF the person last attended (or is attending) a francophone general education secondary school
GEE the person last attended (or is attending) an Anglophone general education secondary school
TEF the person last attended (or is attending) a francophone technical secondary school
TEE the person last attended (or is attending) an Anglophone technical secondary school
EF1 the person last attended (or is attending) a training school with the admission level of FSLC or CEPE
EF2 the person last attended (or is attending) a training school with the admission level of BEPC or GCEOL
EF3 the person last attended- (or is attending) a training school with the admission level of 'probatoire'
EF4 the person last attended (or is attending) a training school with the admission level of the 'BAC', GCEAL or higher.
UNIV the person last attended (or is attending) the university.
N.B. For any school other than those listed above, state it clearly. To do so, if you use an abbreviation not in the list, make remarks on the meaning of the abbreviation.


Column P16: Class
This column concerns only persons for whom you have recorded an abbreviation in column P15.
The class you should write in column P16 is the one last attended by the person in the type of school registered for him in column P15.
To fill in this column, comply with the following instructions.
Case 1. You-have recorded one of the following types of schools for the person in column P15:

MAT (nursery school)
POST (post-primary school)
EF1 (training school with the admission level of CEPE or FSLC)
EF2 (training school with the admission level of BEPC or GCEOL)
EF3 (training school with the admission level of 'probatoire')

For such a person, you should record in column P16 the abbreviation corresponding to the last year spent in this type of school;
1st for the first year
2nd for the second year
3rd for the third year
4th for the fourth year.

Case 2: If, for a person, you have recorded in column P15: COR (Koranic school), you should write in column P16 one of the following symbols corresponding to the number of books studied by the person:
1L for 1 book
2L for 2 books
3L for 3 books and so on.

Case 3: If, for a person, you have written in column P15: PF (francophone primary school), you should write in column P16 the abbreviation corresponding to his class:
12e or SIL for 'cours d'initiation'
11e or CP for 'cours préparatoire'
10e or CE1 for 'cours élémentaire 1'
9e or CE2 for 'cours élémentaire 2'
8e or CM1 for 'cours moyen 1'
7e or CM2 for 'cours moyen 2'

Case 4: If, for a person, you have written in column Pl5: PE (Anglophone primary school), you should write in column P16 one of the following abbreviations corresponding to his class:
CL1 for class one
CL2 for class two
CL3 for class three
CL4 for class four
CL5 for class five
CL6 for class six
CL7 for class seven

Case 5: If, for a person, you have written in column P15: GEF (francophone general education secondary school), you should write in column P16 one of the following symbols corresponding to his class:
6è for 'sixième'
5è for 'cinquième'
4è for 'quatrième'
3è for 'troisième'
2de for 'seconde'
1ère for 'premième'
Tle for 'terminale'

Case 6: If, for a person, you have written in column P15: TEF (francophone technical school), you should write in column P16 one of the following symbols corresponding to his class:
1ère A for 'premième année'
2ème A for 'deuxième année'
3ème A for 'troisième année'
4ème A for 'quatrième année'
2de T for 'seconde technique'
1ère T for 'premième technique'
Tle T for 'terminale technique'

Case 7: If, for a person, you have written in column P15 one of the following types of schools: GEE (Anglophone technical secondary school), you should write for the person one of the following abbreviations corresponding to his class:
CL1 for class one (first year in high school)
CL2 for class two (second year in high school)
CL3 for class three (third year in high school)
CL4 for class four (fourth year in high school)
CL5 for class five (fifth year in high school)
CL6 or LW6 for lower 6th form (6th year in high school)
CL7 or UP6 for upper 6th form (7th year in high school)

Case 8: If, for a person, you have written in column P15 one of the following types of schools: EF4 (training school with admission level of 'BAC', GCE AL or higher) or UNIV (university), you should write the number of years completed after the 'baccalauréat' or GCE AL ? excluding the years he repeated any class.
1 A for one year
2 A for two years, and so on.


top
Cameroon 2005 — source variable CM2005A_EDATTAN2 — Last class attended (unedited)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
25. Last grade attended
This is the last grade attended by the surveyed person, whether they passed or not.

Q. What was the last grade you were in/was _______ in?

Codes for terms of this variable are as follows:

Last grade attended/Code
No level 000
Education of the Koran:
[Specific years omitted: codes 011-013]
Unspecified 019

Preschool or nursery school
[Specific years omitted: codes 021-023]
Unspecified 029

Elementary school
[Specific years omitted: codes 031-039]
Unspecified 039

1st cycle, General high school
[Specific years omitted: codes 041-044]
Unspecified 049

1st cycle, Technical high school
[Specific years omitted: codes 051-054]
Unspecified 059

Training in General Certificate Secondary Education
[Specific years omitted: codes 061-063]
Unspecified 069

Post primary (SAR, SM?)
[Specific years omitted: codes 071-074]
Unspecified 079

2nd cycle, General high school
[Specific years omitted: codes 081-083]
Unspecified 089

2nd cycle, Technical high school
[Specific years omitted: codes 091-093]
Unspecified 099

General Certificate Secondary Education
[Specific years omitted: codes 101-103]
Unspecified 109

Probationary training school
[Specific years omitted: codes 111-113]
Unspecified 119

Higher education (University, Institutes, Elite schools)
[Specific years omitted: codes 121-128]
Unspecified 129

Non declared education
[Specific years omitted: codes 999]
Etc. 999

top
Chile 1960 — source variable CL1960A_EDATTAIN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

13. Educational level ____

For all individuals, write the highest course completed and the type of instruction received.
Examples:
2nd year Feminine technical
1st year High school or primary
2nd year Business school
4th year Medical
2nd year Social sciences
3rd year Law

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Education: The following three questions should be answered by all people five years or older.


Column 13: Educational Attainment. Information should be collected on the last grade or the most advanced year of studies that the person has passed, not the grade that they are currently in or studying, nor the grade that they've been in or studied, but without having passed. Record, for example: 2nd [year of] primary [school]; 5th [year of] secondary [school]; 3rd [year of] law school, etc.

In the case of a person who has studied and passed courses abroad, record the equivalent grade or year in the corresponding Chilean educational system.

For those who have never attended school, record: "O". [Translator's note: this appears to be the letter "O" and not the number "0".]


top
Chile 1970 — source variable CL1970A_EDATT1 — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

II -- Educational Characteristics

For all individuals 5 years of age and older.


10. Level of instruction (educational level):

What is the last year of regular schooling completed, and in what type of schooling?

[Year:]
[] 0
[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8


Type of schooling:
[] 00 None
[] 01 Primary
[] 02 Basic
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 Middle
[] 05 Commercial
[] 06 Industrial
[] 07 Agricultural
[] 08 Feminine technical
[] 09 Teacher-training
[] 10 University
[] 11 Unknown

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question No. 10--Level of Instruction

This is the last level or year, within the most advanced instructional cycle in the regular educational system, passed by the person being enumerated.

In this question, you should obtain two pieces of information.

[p. 36]

Last level finished or passed, which you will mark in one of the 8 boxes indicated after the first part of this question, and

Type of Instruction, which you will mark in a box corresponding to one of the 11 alternatives indicated on the form.

top
Chile 1982 — source variable CL1982A_YRSCHOOL — Years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all those 5 and older


8. What is the last year that you passed and in what type of education was this study?

Year:

0. Kindergarten ____
1. First year ____
2. Second year ____
3. Third year ____
4. Fourth year ____
5. Fifth year ____
6. Sixth year ____
7. Seventh year ____
8. Eight year ____
9. None ____


Type of Schooling:
1. Basic or primary ____
2. Media ____
3. Humanities ____
4. Commercial ____
5. Industrial ____
6. Agricultural ____
7. Feminine technical ____
8. Teacher-training ____
9. Professional institute ____
10. University ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

8. What is the last level that you passed and in what type of instruction?

Both for those who currently attend and those who attended, ask about the last level passed and not about the one they are currently in.

Fill in the ovals corresponding to the level and type of instruction reported to you by the informant.

For those who are going to school this year for the first time, whether it be to kindergarten or the first year of elementary school, you should mark the oval for the option None.

If the informant has doubts, read them the different response choices.

[The above directions refer to a picture of question 8 in this section of the enumeration form.]

top
Chile 1992 — source variable CL1992A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 5 years of age and older [applies to questions 7 to 9]


8. What is the last grade of regular schooling you completed?

1st ____
2nd ____
3rd ____
4th ____
5th ____
6th ____
7th ____
8th ____

Type of regular schooling

[] 1 Kindergarten
[] 2 Basic or primary
[] 3 Common middle school
[] 4 Humanities
[] 5 Commercial secondary
[] 6 Industrial secondary
[] 7 Agricultural secondary
[] 8 Maritime secondary
[] 9 Mining
[] 10 Feminine technical
[] 11 Teaching-training
[] 12 Technical training center
[] 13 Professional institute
[] 14 University
[] 0 Never attended

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

8. What is the last level that you passed in regular school?

Both for those who currently attend and those who attended, ask about the last level passed in regular instruction, and not the one they are currently in or one they didn't manage to pass.

Fill in the circles corresponding to the level and type of Instruction reported by the informant.

For those who are going to school, whether it be preschool, kindergarten, or the first year of elementary, for the first time this year of 1992, you should mark the circle corresponding to option 0: Never attended.

If the informant has doubts, read the different response choices.

[The above directions refer to a picture of question 8 in this section of the enumeration form.]

top
Chile 2002 — source variable CL2002A_YRSCHOOL — Years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 5 years of age and older


Grade/year:

[] 1st
[] 2nd
[] 3rd
[] 4th
[] 5th
[] 6th
[] 7th
[] 8th

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 26

[These instructions refer to a graphic of question 26 on the census form.]

"Normal": This option refers to the old Normal Schools [schools where one studied and trained to work as a teacher at a primary school].

top
Chile 2017 — source variable CL2017A_YRSCHL — Years of schooling
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Questionnaire section D: "Personal information"
Interview each member of the household using one page for each person. The order in which you must conduct the interviews is the same as you entered on question 6.c. Therefore, person No. 1 will correspond to the head of household, while person No. 2 will be the person you entered on the second row, and so forth.
It is very important that you follow the order as entered on question 6.c for conducting the interviews in section D. This way, you will avoid leaving someone out without being recorded for the census.

[Questions 14, highest educational level]
Mark the oval that corresponds to the highest educational level attained by the person you are recording. Remember that it is the highest level completed, not the level currently being pursued.
You should bear in mind that in cases like preschool, "0" should be marked. In cases of two-and-a-half-year technical programs, round up and mark "3rd."
[Figure omitted, image of question 14 from questionnaire]

[Questions 15, educational level]
Read the question and the categories printed in bold. Wait for the respondent to answer and then describe the alternatives within the declared level.
[Figure omitted, image of question 15 from questionnaire]

[Questions 15a, completed educational level]
This question is aimed at determining whether the recorded person completed elementary or secondary education, or received a diploma or degree for the final level completed.
If the diploma or degree is in process, the educational level is considered to have been completed.
[Figure omitted, image of question 15.a from questionnaire]

Special cases for questions about education
Courses passed by means of open exams and in adult education must also be considered and, therefore, recorded.
Persons who completed their education abroad must establish their equivalent educational level according to the current Chilean system and be classified in one of the indicated categories.
[Figure omitted, image with detailed information of the formal education levels in Chile]

Case 1: Person currently in first year of tertiary education
Camita is currently in her first year at the university. Therefore, her last completed educational level was the fourth year of secondary education at a scientific-humanist school. The correct way to record this is as shown to the left.
[Figure omitted, images of questions 13, 14, 15 and 15.a from the questionnaire. Question 13 has option 1.yes fill, question 14, has option 4th fill; question 15 has the option 1. from list D fill, and, question 15.a, has option yes fill]

Case 2: Person who made it to the eighth year of elementary education but did not complete it
Ana attended a rural school in her childhood. She reached the eighth year of elementary education but had to withdraw before completing the school year and did not return to formal education. Subsequently, she has only taken training courses. The correct way to record this is as shown to the right.
[Figure omitted, images of questions 13, 14, 15 and 15.a from the questionnaire. Question 13 has option 2. No at present fill, question 14, has option 7th fill; question 15 has the option elementary from list C fill, and, question 15.a, has option no fill]


top
Colombia 1964 — source variable CO1964A_EDLEV2 — Educational level, 2 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

12. Schooling ____
Write as applicable: Elementary, Secondary, Commercial Technical Schooling, Artistic Technical Schooling, Nursing, Industrial Technical Schooling, Agricultural Technical Schooling, University, Schooling for the Magisterio [elementary and secondary teaching]


13. Year _

Write the highest educational year completed in column 12.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Level of education

Column No. 12 - What education have you received in education centers? The enumerator should ask this question with reference to all persons 5 years old or older. The response should be written down in this column.

The annotation in the census form should indicate clearly and exactly the class of education received, for example: Primary, Secondary, Technical Industrial, Arts and Crafts, Complementary, Home for Farmers, Agricultural or Livestock, Elemental Nursing, Higher Nursing, Artistic Schooling, Elemental Religious, Higher Religious, Primary School Teacher, University, Military, Radio-technical, etc.

The generic name of secondary education should not be used since it means many types of teaching and obtaining the exact name of each one of them is what is important to the Censuses. For persons who did not receive any class of instruction in educational centers the expression none should be written down.

In no case should this important aspect be left without annotation.

Column No. 13 - What was the highest year that you passed in the education that you just indicated? The enumerator should write down the number that corresponds to the last year of study passed, for example: If a person is said to have passed as the last studied, the third year of Secondary school, the enumerator should write the number 3 in this column, in front of the word Secondary school that was written down in the immediately previous column (12).

Another example: If a person passed the first year of primary school, they should be registered in column 12 with the word Primary and in column 13 with the number 1 which corresponds to the year of education passed.

For persons who have not received any class of education in educational centers, they will be written down as zero (0).

top
Colombia 1973 — source variable CO1973A_EDLEVEL — Highest level of education attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B. Educational characteristics (for persons five years old or more).
[Applies to questions 10 - 13]

12. What is the highest level of education reached?

[] 1 None
[] 2 Primary
Secondary
[] 1 Bachelor (bachillerato)
[] 2 Technical/vocational
[] 3 Normal (teaching) school
[] 4 College or university
[] 5 Other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section B. Educational characteristics

Fill out this section for all persons 5 years old or more.
[Applies to questions 10 - 13]


Question No. 12. Highest educational level that they have reached

[Below the text is a form.]

Always pick a single alternative.

Mark "x" in the box none, when a person does not attend nor has attended any establishment of primary, secondary or superior education.

[p. 47]

Also mark "x" in the box none, in the case of persons who only took literacy classes, or attended children's schools or kindergartens.

Mark "x" in the box primary in the case of persons who take or took classes for one year or many years of primary education but did not continue to secondary.

When a person has advanced to a higher educational level, secondary, "x" is marked in box three (3).

When the highest educational level reached by a person has been secondary in the technical or vocational branch, "x" is marked in box four (4).

When the highest educational in secondary is the normal branch, mark box five (5).

Mark "x" in box six (6) when a person takes or has taken classes for any years of superior or university education or has taken post-graduate classes.

When a person has taken classes of other studies that do not correspond to the concepts of primary, secondary or superior, mark "x" in box seven (7).

Primary is understood to be the first cycle of regular education, during which basic knowledge is imparted to continue to a secondary level of education. It consists of five courses or years.

Secondary is understood to be the second level or regular education, in which those who passed the first five years of primary can enter and who have the objective of being provided the necessary knowledge to continue to superior studies or to develop an occupation, art of craft.

Secondary education has many branches: secondary; technical or vocational and normal.

Bachelor is understood to be the branch of secondary education that has as its objective providing the necessary knowledge for the continuation of superior studies. This branch of secondary is called, generally, classic bachelor and has a duration of six (6) years when it is during the day and seven (7) when is it during the night.


[p. 48]

Technical or vocational is understood to be the branch of secondary education that looks to prepare students for the development of an occupation, art or craft in industry, arts and crafts, agriculture business, administration, etc. This branch is understood to be commercial, industrial and technical agricultural and livestock bachelors; poly-technical, vocational, artistic and diversified media (INEM). It has a duration of six (6) years.

Normal is understood to be the branch of secondary education that has as its objective the formation of teachers for pre-school or primary education or for continuing studies of superior level. Its duration is six (6) years.

Superior or University is understood to be professional formation whether in intermediate careers whose initiation is required, as a minimum, the passing of dour years of bachelor, or in professional careers, that require having the grade of bachelor or normal.

The alternative of others means educational modalities like special (for high gifted children or with physical or mental deficiencies), the primary functional of adults, etc.


Question No. 13. Highest year completed

[Below the text is a form.]

This question refers to the last classes taken and passed by a person in the highest educational level reached: primary, secondary or superior.

Write down the last year passed in the corresponding space.

Point out with "x" the box "none".

a) When a person does not attend, and did not attend classes of primary, secondary or superior education.

b ) When a person attends or attended classes of primary, secondary or superior education but has not passed any year in the highest educational level reached. So, for example, for a person who is in the first year of Primary, Secondary, or Superior and has not passed it, "x" will be marked in the box "none".


[p. 49]

Take into account the following

For educational levels that are divided by semesters, make the annotation in complete years: two semesters equal one year.

For persons who take or have taken more classes of a career of superior education, the year of the highest passed level should be registered.

top
Colombia 1973 — source variable CO1973A_EDGRADE — Last grade completed at level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B. Educational characteristics (for persons five years old or more).
[Applies to questions 10 - 13]

12. What is the highest level of education reached?

[] 1 None
[] 2 Primary
Secondary
[] 1 Bachelor (bachillerato)
[] 2 Technical/vocational
[] 3 Normal (teaching) school
[] 4 College or university
[] 5 Other
13. What is the highest year completed at this level?
Last year completed ___
[] 0 None
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section B. Educational characteristics

Fill out this section for all persons 5 years old or more.
[Applies to questions 10 - 13]


Question No. 12. Highest educational level that they have reached

[Below the text is a form.]

Always pick a single alternative.

Mark "x" in the box none, when a person does not attend nor has attended any establishment of primary, secondary or superior education.

[p. 47]

Also mark "x" in the box none, in the case of persons who only took literacy classes, or attended children's schools or kindergartens.

Mark "x" in the box primary in the case of persons who take or took classes for one year or many years of primary education but did not continue to secondary.

When a person has advanced to a higher educational level, secondary, "x" is marked in box three (3).

When the highest educational level reached by a person has been secondary in the technical or vocational branch, "x" is marked in box four (4).

When the highest educational in secondary is the normal branch, mark box five (5).

Mark "x" in box six (6) when a person takes or has taken classes for any years of superior or university education or has taken post-graduate classes.

When a person has taken classes of other studies that do not correspond to the concepts of primary, secondary or superior, mark "x" in box seven (7).

Primary is understood to be the first cycle of regular education, during which basic knowledge is imparted to continue to a secondary level of education. It consists of five courses or years.

Secondary is understood to be the second level or regular education, in which those who passed the first five years of primary can enter and who have the objective of being provided the necessary knowledge to continue to superior studies or to develop an occupation, art of craft.

Secondary education has many branches: secondary; technical or vocational and normal.

Bachelor is understood to be the branch of secondary education that has as its objective providing the necessary knowledge for the continuation of superior studies. This branch of secondary is called, generally, classic bachelor and has a duration of six (6) years when it is during the day and seven (7) when is it during the night.


[p. 48]

Technical or vocational is understood to be the branch of secondary education that looks to prepare students for the development of an occupation, art or craft in industry, arts and crafts, agriculture business, administration, etc. This branch is understood to be commercial, industrial and technical agricultural and livestock bachelors; poly-technical, vocational, artistic and diversified media (INEM). It has a duration of six (6) years.

Normal is understood to be the branch of secondary education that has as its objective the formation of teachers for pre-school or primary education or for continuing studies of superior level. Its duration is six (6) years.

Superior or University is understood to be professional formation whether in intermediate careers whose initiation is required, as a minimum, the passing of dour years of bachelor, or in professional careers, that require having the grade of bachelor or normal.

The alternative of others means educational modalities like special (for high gifted children or with physical or mental deficiencies), the primary functional of adults, etc.


Question No. 13. Highest year completed

[Below the text is a form.]

This question refers to the last classes taken and passed by a person in the highest educational level reached: primary, secondary or superior.

Write down the last year passed in the corresponding space.

Point out with "x" the box "none".

a) When a person does not attend, and did not attend classes of primary, secondary or superior education.

b ) When a person attends or attended classes of primary, secondary or superior education but has not passed any year in the highest educational level reached. So, for example, for a person who is in the first year of Primary, Secondary, or Superior and has not passed it, "x" will be marked in the box "none".


[p. 49]

Take into account the following

For educational levels that are divided by semesters, make the annotation in complete years: two semesters equal one year.

For persons who take or have taken more classes of a career of superior education, the year of the highest passed level should be registered.

top
Colombia 1985 — source variable CO1985A_EDGRADE — Last year completed at highest educucational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. For persons five years old or more.
[Applies to questions 35 - 41]


40. What is the last year of education you completed?

(If the person did not complete any years of schooling, write 0) _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. For persons 5 years old or older

(Question 35 to 41)

Take care to fill out this part C of Section V, only for persons who are 5 years old or older.


Question No. 40 Number of years of study passed

[Below the text is a form.]

Write in the box the last year of study passed. Take into account that the level (primary, bachelor, etc) is marked in the following question (No. 41). If a person has passed no year, write 0.

If they are taking university classes take into account that many careers are done by semesters and should be written down only in years passed; so, for example, if anyone is in their third semester of engineering school, they have passed a year of their career and consequently should be written down 1, not 3.

In some cases the information about education can be supplied in accordance with Decree 088 of 1976, which divides basic and medium education into 11 grades, equivalent to five of primary and six of secondary. In these cases use the table of conversions and write down the information according to old regulations. Example: If a person answers that the last year passed is 9 of basic education, write four of bachelor.

[p. 45]

6th grade = 1st Bachelor
7th grade = 2nd Bachelor
8th grade = 3rd Bachelor
9th grade = 4th Bachelor
10th grade = 5th Bachelor
11th grade = 6th Bachelor


In cases of persons who have done two university careers or who are doing post graduate work, all the years passed should be added up and the total should be written down.

top
Colombia 1985 — source variable CO1985A_EDLEVEL — Highest level of education attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. For persons five years old or more.
[Applies to questions 35 - 41]


41. What education level does the last year correspond to?

[] 1 None
[] 3 Primary
[] 5 Secondary
[] 7 College or university

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. For persons 5 years old or older

(Question 35 to 41)

Take care to fill out this part C of Section V, only for persons who are 5 years old or older.


Question No. 41 Educational level

[Below the text is a form.]

Mark "x" in the corresponding box. Take into account the following situations:

Primary: It is the initial cycle of education. It consists of 5 years.
Secondary of bachelor: In this level classic or academic bachelor, technical bachelor (agriculture, commercial, industrial or of social promotion) and pedagogic or primary school teacher bachelor should be included.
Superior or university: It is the education that requires having taken bachelor courses.


top
Colombia 1993 — source variable CO1993A_EDLEVEL — Educational level attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

F.2 Ask these questions of all persons who are five years old or more.


34. What is the highest level of education that he/she attended?

[] 1 Preschool
[] 2 Primary
[] 3 Secondary
[] 4 University (Continue with F 3)
[] 5 Graduate studies (Continue with F 3)
[] 6 None (Continue with F 3)


35. How many years did he/she complete in this level?
_ _ Number of years completed

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

F2. Ask these questions to all persons 5 years old or older


34. What is the highest educational level that [the respondent] attended?

It refers to the highest schooling achieved by a person, in accordance with the organization of formal education, preschool, primary, secondary, university and graduate school.

If a response corresponds to options 1, 2 or 3, continue with question 35.

If a response corresponds to options 4, 5 or 6, go to filter F3 and do not ask question 35.

[Below the text is a form.]

35. How many years did [the respondent] complete in this level?

Take into account that it concerns registering the number of years passed by a person, in the corresponding level and not the year that they are taking at the moment of the census.

If a person still has not passed any year of the respective level, write "00" in "number of years passed". For example, if currently a person is taking 1st of Secondary (or 6th grade), in question 34 you should have marked option 3 "secondary" and in question 35 you should write "0".

[p. 169]

Take into account that the interviewed person can respond in terms of grades (new nomenclature) or in years (old nomenclature); in the first case, you should make the conversion to years. For example, if they answer that they are taking 10th grade, you should mark "secondary" (question 34) and write "4" in "number of passed years" (question 35).

Remember that if in question 34 you marked options 4, 5 or 6, question 35 should remain unmarked.


top
Colombia 1993 — source variable CO1993A_EDYEARS — Years of schooling completed within level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

F.2 Ask these questions of all persons who are five years old or more.


34. What is the highest level of education that he/she attended?

[] 1 Preschool
[] 2 Primary
[] 3 Secondary
[] 4 University (Continue with F 3)
[] 5 Graduate studies (Continue with F 3)
[] 6 None (Continue with F 3)


35. How many years did he/she complete in this level?
_ _ Number of years completed

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

F2. Ask these questions to all persons 5 years old or older


34. What is the highest educational level that [the respondent] attended?

It refers to the highest schooling achieved by a person, in accordance with the organization of formal education, preschool, primary, secondary, university and graduate school.

If a response corresponds to options 1, 2 or 3, continue with question 35.

If a response corresponds to options 4, 5 or 6, go to filter F3 and do not ask question 35.

[Below the text is a form.]

35. How many years did [the respondent] complete in this level?

Take into account that it concerns registering the number of years passed by a person, in the corresponding level and not the year that they are taking at the moment of the census.

If a person still has not passed any year of the respective level, write "00" in "number of years passed". For example, if currently a person is taking 1st of Secondary (or 6th grade), in question 34 you should have marked option 3 "secondary" and in question 35 you should write "0".

[p. 169]

Take into account that the interviewed person can respond in terms of grades (new nomenclature) or in years (old nomenclature); in the first case, you should make the conversion to years. For example, if they answer that they are taking 10th grade, you should mark "secondary" (question 34) and write "4" in "number of passed years" (question 35).

Remember that if in question 34 you marked options 4, 5 or 6, question 35 should remain unmarked.


top
Colombia 2005 — source variable CO2005A_EDATTAN — Level of studies and grades completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 3 + (generated by the DMC)
[Questions 41-44 were asked of persons age 3 and older.]


44. What is the last year of studies that [the respondent] passed? (basic)

[] 1 Preschool

[] 1 Pre-kindergarten
[] 2 Kindergarten
[] 3 Transition

[] 2 Basic elementary

[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5

[] 3 Basic secondary

[] 6
[] 7
[] 8
[] 9

(Basic baccalaureate)

[] 1st
[] 2nd
[] 3rd
[] 4th

[] 4 Academic track or classic education

[] 10
[] 11


[p. 23]

(Classic baccalaureate)

[] 5th
[] 6th

[] 5 Technical secondary

[] 10
[] 11

(Technical baccalaureate)

[] 5th
[] 6th

[] 6 Teacher training

[] 10
[] 11
[] 12
[] 13


Higher [education]
[] 7 Professional technical education/

[] 1
[] 2

[] 8 Technological

[] 1
[] 2
[] 3

[] 9 Professional

[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6


Post graduate
[] 10 Specialization

[] 1
[] 2

[] 11 Master's Degree

[] 1
[] 2
[] 3

[] 12 Doctorate

[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6

[] 13 None [ ]


top
Costa Rica 1963 — source variable CR1963A_EDATTAIN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Educational Characteristics

Only for those 7 years of age and older [applies to questions 11 to 13]


12. Last grade or year completed:

Write the number of the grade or year on the appropriate line. Mark the box "04" if the person has not completed any grade.

____ 1 Primary
____ 2 Secondary
____ 3 University
[] 04 No grade

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Educational Characteristics

Ask these questions only to persons seven years old or older.

When filling about these lines it is convenient to consult the age (line 4), so that compatibility exists in the responses.

For Census purposes, "regular education" will be understood to be that which persons receive in primary school, secondary schools, and universities.

[p. 48]

Normal schools are considered university level.


Line No. 12.- Last grade or year completed

Like the previous question, this one should be asked only to persons 7 years old or older.
Write the number of the highest grade or year that a person has passed. In this question it is necessary to insist a little, since, generally, a person tends to say the grade or year that the person is in; while the last passed is what is to be known.

You should write down the number of the grade or year in the corresponding line agreeing with the level of education. If a person does not remember the information exactly, but knows they attended primary school, secondary school or university, write down a "d" (which means unknown in the respective line.

Many university students take subjects of different years, always write down the last year that they have completely passed.

In the case of university graduates, who although they are have not taken the exams to obtain their professional title, the last year passed should always be written down. If a person has a university degree (medical, law, or economy, etc.), write a "G" (which means graduated) in the line that says "University".

When a person has not passed any grade, mark the box that has this name (No Grade); this box should be marked for two groups of persons, namely:

1) Those being 7 or more years old, never have attended school.

2) Children or any other person who is taking first grade in primary education.


top
Costa Rica 1973 — source variable CR1973A_YEARSCH — Years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people 6 years of age or older
[Applies to questions 13 - 16]


15. Level of instruction

What is the last grade or year of regular schooling completed, whether primary, secondary or university? Write the number corresponding to the last grade or year of regular schooling completed, after the respective level.
If the person has not completed any grade, mark the circle 40.


1 Primary ____
2 Middle (secondary) ____
3 University ____
[] 40 No grade

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

21.- Question No. 15.- Level of instruction

Like the previous question, this one should be asked only to persons 6 years old or older. Write the number of the highest grade or year that a person has passed. In this question it is necessary to insist a little, since, generally, a person tends to say the grade or year that the person is in; while the last passed is what is to be known.

You should write down the number of the grade or year in the corresponding line agreeing with the level of education. If a person does not remember the information exactly, but knows they attended primary school, secondary school or university, write down a "d" (which means unknown in the respective line.

Many university students take subjects of different years, always write down the last year that they have completely passed.

In the case of university graduates, who although they are have not taken the exams to obtain their professional title, the last year passed should always be written down. If a person has a university degree medical, law, or economy, etc., write a "G" (which means graduated) in the line that says "University".

When a person has not passed any grade, mark the box that has this name "No Grade"; this box should be marked for two groups of persons, namely:

Those being 6 or more years old, never have attended school.

Children or any other person who is taking first grade in primary education.

top
Costa Rica 1984 — source variable CR1984A_GRADE2 — Years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

9. Educational level
What is the last year or grade of regular schooling completed?

[] 0 None
[] 1 Primary ____
[] 2 Secondary ____
[] 3 University ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Second block of questions: only for persons 5 years old or older

As was said when beginning this thematic division, the second block of the population questionnaire is formed by questions 7, 8 and 9.

All of these questions are applied only to members of the household who are 5 years old or older. If a person that you enumerate is less than 5 years old, you should cross out the whole block with two diagonally crossed lines and marked in such a manner that it crosses from corner to corner the whole block, continuing to fill out the population form corresponding to the following person.


Question 9: Educational level

The level of instruction of a person corresponds to the highest passed year of study within the highest education cycle that has been studied in the regular system of education.

[Below the text is a form.]

It is advisable that you ask the question as it is asked in the form, but you can add a "that is to say" or a "that is" and continue the question according to the case. What is the last year or grade that you took in school, secondary school or the university?

You should find out what was the last year or grade that they really passed and not what they are taking in school, secondary school or the university. If the person tells you none, then simply mark the circle preceded by the words "No grade". If they tell you the first grade of school or the second or the third, etc. then you should mark with an X the circle that follows the word "Primary" and write down the number 1, 2, 3, etc. in the open little box that follows. As you know here you should only write down up to the number 6, since primary school only goes to the sixth grade. In the case of "Secondary or middle education", the number of years up to 5 or 6 and in "University" it can go up to 9 years. In each situation you should always mark with an X the corresponding circle and then the number of the year passed. If the highest level is "equivalence" (bachillerato por madurez), "25" is written down.

In a similar manner certificates of primary education are written down.

The equivalence in the current system of education is the following:

[p. 51]

Preschool.
Primary:


I Cycle: First, second and third grade.
II Cycle: Fourth, fifth and sixth grade.


Secondary:


III Cycle: First, second and third year.
IV Cycle or diversified education: Forth, fifth and sixth year.


Cycles I, II and III constitute "General Basic Education".


top
Costa Rica 2000 — source variable CR2000A_YRSCHOOL — Years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Questions 9 - 12 are] For those 5 years of age and older

11. What is the last grade or year of regular schooling that ____ completed?

level - year completed

[] 0 - 0 No grade
[] 1 - 1 Preschool or kindergarten
[] 2 - Primary ____
[] 3 - Academic secondary ____
[] 4 - Technical secondary ____
[] 5 - Technical college ____
[] 6 - University ____
For responses 3 - 6, skip to 13
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Second Block:

Only for persons 5 years old or older


Question 11: Level of Instruction

This question has as its objective capturing the level of advanced schooling by the population as an indicator of the social development of the country and of the grade or quality of its human resources.

[To the right of the text is a form.]

As the question indicates, you are interested in knowing the last grade or year passed and not that which they are currently enrolled in. Keep in mind that the category "kindergarten or preparatory" refer only to having passed the year of preschool immediately before the first grade of primary education; Of this form, if the boy or girl is attending kindergarten, even if they have fulfilled many years of preschool education, you should mark with "X" in "No grade".

[Below the text is a picture of two schoolchildren.]

If the enumerated person responds "No grade" or "Preparatory or Kindergarten" only mark with "X" the corresponding circles. If a person only passed years of special education, in which one does not advance in grades like those of common school, mark circle 0 of "No grade".

[p. 65]

In the remaining options you should indicate with "X" the corresponding category, and also write down the last year passed.

[Below the text is a picture of a student.]

For primary the numbers possible that you will be able to write down go from 1 to 6 (first to sixth grade); in secondary the maximum written number for you will be 5 for middle academic education and 6 for technical. In associate degree the highest number written down for you should be 3, and 9 for university education.

If the interviewed person does not know completely the last year passed by the enumerated person, you should mark, at least, the circle that corresponds to the level.


top
Costa Rica 2011 — source variable CR2011A_EDYRS — Years of schooling

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


top
Cuba 2012 — source variable CU2012A_EDATTAIN — Highest education grade completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section IV. Personal data
[Applies to questions 1-23]

For people over 6 years of age
(End of interview for persons under this age.)
[Questions 11-15 were asked persons over 6 years old]

11. What is the highest grade or level of education passed?

[] 0 None: go to question 15
[] 1 Elementary (1 to 6) _
[] 2 Basic secondary (7 to 10) _
[] 3 Qualified worker (1 to 5) _
[] 4 Pre-university (10 to 13) _
[] 5 Intermediate technical (1 to 5) _
[] 6 Intermediate pedagogy (1 to 5) _
[] 7 Higher education or university (1 to 7) _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section IV. Personal Data.

For persons 6 years and older (end of interview for those under this age)

Question 11. What is the highest grade or level of education passed?
This question refers to the highest grade or year of studies that the interviewee passed in the most advanced educational cycle they participated in through the National Education System, or abroad (if these are special studies abroad, request their equivalencies within the National System; if they do not know, write down in detail what they state).
To correctly ask this question it is necessary to know the different educational levels, as well as the school grades that each one includes, so it is necessary that you carefully read the contents of each educational level that are detailed below, attempting to memorize them with the goal of being able to correctly fill out the educational details of the population.
Elementary: The first level of education, whose primary function is providing the first elements of education that will allow students to move on to Secondary Education. From 1st to 6th Grade of General Education, and from the 1st to 4th semester (levels 11, 12, 21, and 22) of Basic Adult Education (EOC), includes the first level of art schools, sports initiation and special education (for children, adolescents and adults with mental or physical disabilities). See the conversion table in Annex 2 of this manual.
Basic Secondary: Includes the second level of education (middle basic), in which students acquire general knowledge to continue their pre-university or polytechnic studies. Completion of primary education is required for entry.
Currently students complete from 7th to 9th grade, although there were years that continued until 10th grade. There may also be cases where the interviewee states they have completed from the 1st to 4th semester (evening courses) and the 1st to 6th semester (distance learning) of Secondary Adult Education (SOC), in which case you must search for the equivalency for those semesters in relation to Basic Secondary in Annex 2 of this manual.
This includes the second level of art school, sports initiation and special education (for adolescents and adults with mental or physical disabilities).
If the person states that they have passed preparatory to enter Baccalaureate (1st or 2nd year), that would correspond to the 7th or 8th grade of Basic Secondary, as indicated in Annex 2. Likewise, if they indicate that they have completed the 1st year of Baccalaureate, that will be considered equivalent to the 9th grade of Basic Secondary as shown in Annex 2.
Qualified Worker: Corresponds to the second level of education (mid basic) for workers; its purpose is to prepare students specifically for a determined profession (non-teaching). This includes classes taught by other Bodies not specialized in education, so long as they are approved by the Ministry of Education.
This level includes Trade Schools which were initially conceived solely for youths with scholastic setbacks and today is made up of qualified workers. The corresponding equivalences between the semesters of these schools and their conversion to years of Qualified Workers are listed in Annex 2.

[p. 53]

Pre-university: Also corresponds to the second level of education (upper mid) and intends to provide the necessary knowledge to continue higher education or university studies whose entrance requires passing Basic Secondary Education.
Currently students complete from 10th to 12th grade, although there were years that continued until 13th grade. It may also be that they state that they have completed the 2nd to 6th semesters of the regular course in Higher Adult Education (FOC) or the 4th through 8th semesters of the distance learning courses through the FOC, in which case the equivalency in Pre-University years can be found in Annex 2.
If the person states that they have completed from the 2nd to 5th year of Baccalaureate, find the equivalency in Pre-University years using the table in Annex 2.
Intermediate Technical: Corresponds to the second level of education (upper middle) and is intended to prepare the student for a non-teaching trade or profession. It is taught in day courses or for workers. This includes classes taught by other Organisms not specialized in education, so long as they are approved by the Ministry of Education. It is completed over years and a degree is obtained.
Intermediate Pedagogy: It comprises the second level of education (upper middle) and is responsible for preparing teachers, primarily at the elementary level. These include elementary teachers, kindergarten teachers, teacher's aides, and physical education/sports teachers and coaches. Currently these types of studies are not taught at this level or at the beginner's level.
Higher Education or University: This comprises the third level of education, entrance to which requires successful completion of Upper Middle Education. It prepares highly qualified specialists, including teaching personnel. This includes taught courses or free learning which, although it is not completed on a yearly schedule, corresponds to this level.
In the case of interviewees who are studying at the Higher or University level in taught courses or free learning courses that are taken in cycles, that is, they are not taken in years, these will be made equivalent to the years of study. Therefore, if the interviewee reports that he is in the third cycle, he will be considered to be in the third year of University or Higher Education studies.
The question relates to any level of education in the National Education System, regardless of the date the course or school year was completed.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 54]

The following discusses how this question should be filled out. The question is asked as follows: "What is the highest grade or year of study which you passed?" Inform them that this includes those in the National Education System or those completed abroad. If there are any doubts, it may help to name the different educational levels that make up the question, as well as the years or grades that they encompass.
After receiving the information you will write down the grade or year passed in the corresponding educational level.
Note that at each educational level the grades or years they contain are listed, you only have to write down the grade or year.
When you are told a year or grade greater than those that appear in the corresponding level, note the last that appears in each level.
Zero ("0") will be marked in the "None" box when a person states that they have not completed any grades, and you will proceed directly to question 15.
Note that the different educational levels are arranged from lowest to highest rating or importance. For a person with completed grades at different levels, only the highest level will be counted.


top
Dominican Republic 1960 — source variable DO1960A_EDLEV — Highest education level completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
12. Last year of schooling completed.
Add the letter P when the last year corresponds to primary, the letter S when secondary, the letter U when university.

____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
62. Question 12.Last academic year completed. The last academic year fully completed by the person at the time of enumeration is recorded in this space. If the person is registered in a school and studying, for example, the fourth grade, the "last academic year completed" is the third. Similarly, if a person has not completed one or more classes in any year, the "last academic year completed" is the year immediately preceding the current academic year.

p. 27

This question refers to the regular education that the enumerated person could have received or is receiving in a normal elementary, secondary school, or University. Therefore, education from schools with different purposes is not considered. E.g. fine arts schools, home economics schools, arts and crafts schools, industrial schools, commercial schools, etc.

The annotation that should be recorded in this space is defined below according to the different types of education or schools.

a) "In primary [elementary] schools". The following annotation is made for a person who is attending or who had attended a primary school and who declares that the "last academic year completed" is one of the 8 grades making up primary education:

1 - P
2 - P
3 - P
4 - P
5 - P
6 - P
7 - P
8 - P


b) "In secondary school". The following annotation is made for a person who declares that their "last academic year completed" is one of the 4 grades that comprise secondary education:

1 - S
2 - S
3 - S
4 - S


c) "University education". The following annotation is made if the enumerated person attends the University or has, previous to the census date, carried out professional studies in any of its faculties, corresponding to the "last academic year completed":
p. 28
1 - U
2 - U
3 - U etc.

The grade equivalent to the Dominican system is recorded for foreigners or for those who have received their education abroad.

The word "None" is recorded for those who do not know how to read or write, or for those who have attended school but who have not completed any academic year.

Some persons, principally those who are advanced in age, will claim to know how to read and write but will not be able to specify the last academic year completed because they did not receive a regular or systematic education according to the current educational programs. In these cases, the grade in primary school that the enumerator considers would correspond to the person, after investigating the type of knowledge acquired by the enumerated person, is recorded.


top
Dominican Republic 1970 — source variable DO1970A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Persons 5 years of age and older [Applies to questions 7-10]

8. Level of schooling. At what level were the last studies undertaken by the enumerated person? Vocational schooling (commercial, industrial, teacher-training, and in agricultural institutes) should be classified as ?secondary.?

[] 1 None
[] 2 Pre school
[] 3 Primary
[] 4 Intermediate
[] 5 Secondary
[] 6 Higher
[] 7 Not specified

9. Last grade completed. What was the highest grade completed by the enumerated person in the level indicated?

[] 1 First
[] 2 Second
[] 3 Third
[] 4 Fourth
[] 5 Fifth
[] 6 Sixth
[] 7 Seventh
[] 8 Eighth
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
11.5.2. Educational characteristics. Questions 7-10, referring to the enumerated person's educational characteristics, are presented to those 5 years of age and older.

b) Question 8. Level of education. The levels of education that exist in the country are found printed on the census form. In order to avoid erroneous answers from the informant, who might not know all of them [levels of education], the levels are read out loud. Whenever possible, the enumerator should also judge the veracity of the answers according to the level of sophistication of the interviewee or enumerated person if present. Vocational studies (commercial, industrial, and normal) or studies carried out in agricultural institutes are classified as "5 X Secondary".
c) Question 9. Last year completed. Once the level of education is determined, the highest grade completed in that level is requested. Note that the last grade studied is not marked; rather the last year actually completed is recorded.

top
Dominican Republic 1981 — source variable DO1981A_EDLEVGR — Highest level and grade completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Only for those who answered attending, or not attending but did attend, in question 43. [Applies to questions 44 - 46]

44. What is the highest level that you studied or are studying?

[] 1 Pre-primary
[] 2 Primary
[] 3 Intermediate
[] 4 High school
[] 5 Reformed secondary (media de la reforma)
[] 6 University
[] 9 Unknown

45. Did you complete this level?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

46. What is the highest grade or year completed at this level?

____ Year or grade
____ Semester or ____ trimester
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Questions 44, 45, and 46 are only presented to those who answered that they are attending or that they are not attending but that they did attend in question 43.

[p. 58]

Question 44: What is the highest level studied?

The alternatives are read in the indicated order and the corresponding circle is filled in.

Question 45: Was this level completed?

The corresponding circle is filled in.

Question 46: What is the last year or grade completed at this level?

The year or grade completed, and not the current year or grade, is recorded.

Zero is recorded for those who have not yet completed the first grade or year.

For those indicating university: trimester, semester, or year is recorded according to the case.


top
Dominican Republic 2002 — source variable DO2002A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For persons of 3 years old and more
[Questions 37-44 were asked of persons age 3+.]

40. If [the respondent] is currently attending school (question 38, answer 1 or 2): What course is he/she attending and at what level? If the answer was that [the respondent] is not currently attending school, but attended in the past (question 38, answer 4): What was the last year of study that [the respondent] completed, and at what level?

[] 1 None (Go to question 43)
Years of study _
[] 2 Preschool/initial (Go to question 43)
Years of study _
[] 3 Primary/basic (Go to question 43)
Years of study _
[] 4 Secondary/medio (Go to question 43)
Years of study _
[] 5 University
Years of study _
[] 6 Specialty
Years of study _
[] 7 Masters
Years of study _
[] 8 Doctorate
Years of study _
[] 9 Unknown (Go to question 45)

41. Did [the respondent] complete this level?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
For People Age 3 or Older

Question 40: If the person currently attends school (question 38, code 1 or 2), ask the following: During the current school year, what level and grade is (NAME) attending?

First fill in the bubble that correspond to the level he/she answered, then record the number of finished years that he/she completed in the next box. (You should remember that at the college, level, master's or doctorate level, a year of study equals to a 4 trimesters or 3 quarters or 2 semesters).
If the person answered options 1, 2, 3, or 4, skip to question 43.
If the person answers the he/she is not currently going to school that in the past went to school (question 38 code 4), you should ask the following: What is the highest level of school (NAME) has attended and what is the highest grade (NAME) completed at that level?

Fill in the bubble corresponding to the declared level and record the number of years/grade that the person attended in the corresponding box.
If the person answers option 9, skip to question 45.

Question 41: Did (NAME) complete that level?

This question is only for the people that attended or attends at the level of college, university, master's or doctorate. Fill in the bubble accordingly to the answers "Yes" or "No".


top
Dominican Republic 2010 — source variable DO2010A_EDATTAN — Highest level and year of schooling completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For persons age 3 and over

37. What is the highest level of school [the respondent] has attended: Preschool, primary/basic, secondary/high school, university?

[] 1 Preschool (skip to question 42)
[] 2 Primary/elementary
[] 3 Secondary/high school
[] 4 University or higher (skip to question 39)

38. What is the last level of school [the respondent] has completed?

Last year completed _ (skip to question 42)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 37. What is the highest level of school [the respondent] has attended: preschool, primary/basic, secondary/high school, university?
The level of education refers to, "each stage of the educational system that is determined by the cognitive, emotional, and physical development of students as well as their social needs" (Art. 31, Section (a), of the Law of General Education 66-97, of the Dominican Republic). This question is aimed inasmuch as people who currently attend an academic institution as those who attended in the past.

Chart 1 shows the structure of the education system in the Dominican Republic, exhibiting the years of study, according to the level:
Preschool or Early Childhood Learning- Three years long

  • Early Childhood Learning is the first level of education and occurs before Basic or Primary Education is set up with the family and community. It targets the population of infants and young children 5 years of age or less. The final year is obligatory for children who are 5 years old.

Primary or Basic Level if Education- Eight years long

  • The first set, that lasts 4 years, includes grades 1st through 4th. This level usually begins when the child is 6 years old, and never younger than 5 years old.
  • The second set, lasts four years and includes 5th through 8th grade.

Secondary or High School- Four years long

  • The first set of grades in Secondary school is the same for all students.
  • The second set of Secondary or preparatory set is made up of three areas: General, Technical/Professional, and the Arts, in which students who complete it, will receive a diploma or degree in the area studied.

College or University- Approximately five years long

  • Universities consist of departments offering majors or "careers" that generally take between 3 and 5 years to complete depending on the specific course of study. The exception is medicine, which can take up to 7 years to complete.
  • In order to record the year in school as given by the informant, be aware that: 2 semesters equal one year, 3 trimesters equal one year, and 4 quarters are equivalent to one year.

Postgraduate Studies- Approximately five years long

  • This level of studies corresponds to the specific degree obtained by the student during their university studies, and the degree levels are called Master's, or Doctorate. Typically, a Master's degree takes about 2 years to complete, and the Doctorate is the next degree level obtained immediately following the Master's and generally takes 2 more years to complete.
Question 38. What is the highest level of education [the respondent] has completed?
This question inquires about the last year of school completed by the person being surveyed in the highest level of education that he/she is studying or has studied. It is important to remember that this means the actual years of school completed, therefore the level he/she is currently attending or any incomplete levels he/she attended do not count.
Record in the corresponding boxes the last level of school the person completed and then skip to question 42.
In order to illustrate how to record the last level of school [the respondent] has completed, see the following examples:

Example 1: If the interviewee was in the first level of secondary or high school, but did not completed it, then in question 37 you should record code 3 and in question 38 you should record 0.

Example 2: If the interviewee completed the third level of secondary or high school, but continued studying, then in question 37 record code 3 and then in question 38 you should record 3.

Example 3: If the interviewee is currently in second grade of primary or basic school, then in question 37 you should record code 2 and then in question 38 you should record 1.

Example 4: If the interviewee states that the person being surveyed is in first level of primary or basic school, then in question 37 you should record code 2 and then in question 38 you should record 0.
Example 5: If the interviewee states that the person being surveyed is currently in the first level of secondary or high school, then in question 37 you should record code 3 and in question 38 you should record 0.

top
Dominican Republic 2010 — source variable DO2010A_UNIVYRS — Total number of years of university study
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For persons age 3 and over

41. How many years did [the respondent] studied at the college, master's or doctorate level, including a specialty?

If less than one year, record 00 _ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 41. How many years did [the respondent] study at the college, master's or doctorate level, including a specialty?
The number of completed years a person has studied are the sum of the years of study corresponding to a career, a specialty, a master's degree or a doctorate.
Find the total number of years of university studies, based on the information in chart 1 from the previous pages.
[Page 71]
These questions are only asked for people who are 5 years of age or older, as verified by question 29 about the age of the respondents.
The goal of the following questions is to compile information about migration, internal and international, occurring in the country between November 2005 and November 2010.

top
Ecuador 1962 — source variable EC1962A_GRADE — Highest grade completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
VIII. Educational


For those 6 years of age and older:
[Applies to questions 11 through 13]


(13) Highest grade completed
____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 13: Highest grade or year of teaching passed.
For people 7 and older, indicate the highest grade or year of instruction that they have passed, accompanied by the first letter corresponding to the level of instruction. For example: 3P (third grade of primary); 5S (fifth year of secondary); 0U (college preparatory); 2U (second year of college); 4E (fourth year of special).

[p. 19]

Special instruction corresponds to the instruction received in schools and academies, for example: business academies, graphic arts schools, trade or technical school, radiotelegraphy schools, and other similar schools.

top
Ecuador 1974 — source variable EC1974A_EDLEV — Level of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 6 years of age and older [Applies to questions 9-11]


11. What is the highest grade, class or year of schooling completed in primary, secondary, post-secondary, or a literacy center? Write the number of the highest grade, course or year completed on the corresponding line.

[] 00 None
____ 1. Primary
____ 2. Secondary
____ 3. Post-secondary
____ 4. Literacy center
[] 99 Unknown

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question No. 12

[The following directions refer to a graphic representing question 12, "what is the last grade or highest year that you passed in primary, secondary, or post-secondary instruction?", in this section of the enumeration form.]

On the dotted line and for the appropriate level, record the grade or year that the person being enumerated reports to be the highest of those passed. For example, if the person reports 3rd [year] of primary, record: "1. Primary . . .3." [This is an example of what enumeration form should look like after being filled in.] Remember that the grade or year being researched refers only to that which was passed as part of one of the three levels of regular instruction that are imparted in schools, high schools, and public or private universities (primary, secondary, university). Therefore cooking, sewing, and telegraphy courses and short courses in stenography and typing are not considered courses of regular instruction.

[Note that this question corresponds to question 11 on the enumeration form and that both the question and response choices on the enumeration form add "literacy center" to the list of educational establishments.]

top
Ecuador 1982 — source variable EC1982A_GRADE3 — Level and year of schooling attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 6 years of age and older


11. What is the highest grade, class or year of schooling completed in the literacy center, primary, secondary, or post-secondary school?

Write the number of the highest grade, course or year completed on the corresponding line.

[] 00 None
____ 1. Literacy center
____ 2. Primary
____ 3. Secondary
____ 4. Post-secondary
[] 99 Unknown

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 9, 10 and 11 on Educational characteristics should be asked of all people 6 and older.


Question 11. What is the last grade, level, or year that you passed in the literacy center, primary, secondary, or post-secondary [school]?

On the line corresponding to the level, record the number of the highest grade or year that the person passed, and not the one that they are in. Don't take into account short courses and correspondence courses.


top
Ecuador 1990 — source variable EC1990A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 6 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 9-12.]


11. What is the highest level attending or attended? Mark the appropriate box.

[] 0 None
[] 1 Literacy center
[] 2 Primary
[] 3 Secondary
[] 4 Post-secondary (superior)
[] 5 Post-graduate
[] 9 Unknown


12. What is the highest grade, class or year completed in that level? Mark the appropriate box.

[] 0
[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8
[] 9 Unknown

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 11. What is the highest level of education that he/she attends or attended?

Mark the box that corresponds to the highest level to which the person attends or attended.

You should mark 'none' if the person being interviewed has not attended a formal educational center.

What is the highest level that you attend or attended? Mark the corresponding box.

[ ] 0 None
[ ] 1 Literacy center
[ ] 2 Elementary
[ ] 3 Secondary
[ ] 4 University
[ ] 5 Post-graduate
[ ] 9 Don't know


Question 12. What is the last grade or highest year that he/she completed in the indicated level?

Write the name of the grade, course of year that the person has passed in the level that the person indicated in the previous question. Take into account that, generally, the person answers the grade that he/she is currently attending and what the question asks is the last grade passed. For example, if he/she is attending second year of the university, write 1.

If the educational system in the university is a semester system, two semesters correspond to one year. On the other hand, for persons who passed or are studying in a literacy center, one year is the equivalent of two years of elementary school.

For example:

The person finished the third level of a literacy center, you should mark box 6.

For persons who are attending the first year of any level, mark box "0".

What is the highest grade, course or year that you have passed in this level? Mark the corresponding box.

[ ] 0
[ ] 1
[ ] 2
[ ] 3
[ ] 4
[ ] 5
[ ] 6
[ ] 7
[ ] 9 Don't know


top
Ecuador 2001 — source variable EC2001A_EDATTAN — Highest educational level and year attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

13. What is the highest level of education that he/she attends or attended?
[ ] 1 Literacy center
[ ] 2 Elementary
[ ] 3 Secondary
[ ] 4 Basic school
[ ] 5 Middle school
[ ] 6 Post-high school
[ ] 7 University
[ ] 8 Post-graduate
[ ] 9 Don't know


14. What is the last grade or highest year that he/she completed in the indicated level?

[ ] 00
[ ] 01
[ ] 02
[ ] 03
[ ] 04
[ ] 05
[ ] 06
[ ] 07
[ ] 08
[ ] 09
[ ] 10
[ ] 99 Don't know

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 13.- What is the highest level of instruction that you are attending or attended?

[There is a picture of question 13 from this section of the enumeration form.]

Mark the box that corresponds to the highest level of education the person being interviewed is attending or attended. Keep in mind that being investigated is the level of studies according to the traditional system or the current system, which refers to the curricular reform and which is being applied in some educational establishments.

You should mark none if the person being interviewed never attended any formal educational center. In that case, move on to question 16 and continue with the interview.


Question 14.- What is the last grade, course, or highest year that you passed at the level that you indicated?

[There is a picture of question 14 from this section of the enumeration form.]

Mark the box of the highest grade, course, or year that the person passed at the level they indicated in question 13 (what is the highest level of instruction that you are attending or attended?). Remember that, generally, the informant will state the grade or year that they are in; what we want to know is the last year that they passed. For example: If they are in the first year of basic, mark box 00. If they are in the fourth year at the university, mark box 3.

[There is a drawing of a man holding up 3 fingers, and box 3 for this question on the enumeration form is checked.]

If the system of studies in the university is by semesters, two correspond to one year. In contrast, for those who passed or are studying in a literacy center, one level equals two years of primary. Example:

[p. 46]

If the person states that they passed the third level at a literacy center, you should mark box number 06.

For people who are in the first year of any level, mark box 00.

Conversion Table: previous or traditional system of Studies and their equivalents in the current system of studies or curricular reform

Previous or traditional system: Kindergarten
Current system or curricular reform: First Basic

Previous or traditional system: First Grade
Current system or curricular reform: Second Basic

Previous or traditional system: Second Grade
Current system or curricular reform: Third Basic

Previous or traditional system: Third Grade
Current system or curricular reform: Fourth Basic

Previous or traditional system: Fourth Grade
Current system or curricular reform: Fifth Basic

Previous or traditional system: Fifth Grade
Current system or curricular reform: Sixth Basic

Previous or traditional system: Sixth Grade
Current system or curricular reform: Seventh Basic

Previous or traditional system: First Course
Current system or curricular reform: Eighth Basic

Previous or traditional system: Second Course
Current system or curricular reform: Ninth Basic

Previous or traditional system: Third Course
Current system or curricular reform: Tenth Basic

Previous or traditional system: Fourth Course
Current system or curricular reform: First year of Secondary Education

Previous or traditional system: Fifth Course
Current system or curricular reform: Second year of Secondary Education

Previous or traditional system: Sixth Course
Current system or curricular reform: Third year of Secondary Education


top
Ecuador 2010 — source variable EC2010A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For persons five years old or more.
[Questions 19 to 26 were asked of all people five years and older.]


23. What is the highest educational level that [the respondent] attended or attends?

[] 1 None (skip to question 27)
[] 2 Centers of alphabetization / (EBA)
[] 3 Pre-school
[] 4 Primary
[] 5 Secondary
[] 6 Basic education
[] 7 Baccalaureate - Middle education
[] 8 Post-baccalaureate cycle
[] 9 Superior
[] 10 Postgraduate


24. What is the highest grade, course, or year that [the respondent] attends or attended?

Grade, course, year _ _

If answered 2 through 7 in question 23, skip to question 27.
If answered 8 through 10 in question 23, continue to question 25.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[Section 4]


Step 13: Continue with section 4, information about the population / C. Educational characteristics.

[A copy of section 4C of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Follow the sequential order of the questions.
  • Remember that this is only for people 5 years old and older.
  • If the person only knows to read or only to write mark x in box 2 and continue with question 21.
  • Questions 21, 23, and 25 have leaps.
  • Mark question 23 according to the answer of the informant. If the informant mentions having finished the school, register x in code 5; if the informant mentions that he/she is in basic education, you should mark code 6.
  • Question 24 will be registered according to the level of instruction marked in question 23.


top
El Salvador 1992 — source variable SV1992A_EDLEVYR — Highest education level completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

V. Information on members of the household


2. Persons age 5 or older
[Questions 10-13 were asked of persons age 5 or older]


12a. What is the highest level of formal schooling completed?

[] 1 Preschool
[] 2 Primary or basic
[] 3 Vocational course (carrera corta) following sixth grade
[] 4 Secondary education
[] 5 Post-secondary, non-university
[] 6 Technical college
[] 7 Post-secondary, university
[] 8 Unknown

12b. What was the highest year completed at this level?
____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4.5.3 For persons age 5 or older
This part just refers to people five years of age and up, as a result the interview ends with question 9b for persons younger than 5, skipping the questions 10 through 13 to the following page.


12a. Level of schooling
What is the highest level of formal education attained?

In this question the different levels of schooling offered through the formal education system are presented, where each person must be located by level according to the information given, taking into account that they have at least passed one year within the said level according to the following list:

Preschool: Preschool, kindergarten, and nursery school.

Primary or basic: First, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth grade, the last three corresponding to the first, second and third courses of the "basic plan" of the previous system.

Vocational course after sixth grade [carrera corta]: In this case these short degrees that were done only [after] having passed sixth grade will be counted, such as: bookkeeper, office technician, industrial basic plan and other vocational studies.

Middle education [secondary school]: This level includes all people who study or have studied in an current diversified two year bachelor's degree (high school diploma) and in the old two year bachelor's degree (high school diploma) in sciences and letters; also, accountants, primary teachers, commercial secretaries, expert agronomists, nurses and other courses of studies that require passing the basic plan.

Higher education (not university): In this level people are grouped together who studied or are studying in institutions that require or required a bachelor's degree (or teacher) [i.e. high school diploma], such as: technological institutes, national agronomy school, San Jose de la Montaña seminary, military school, teacher training school, school of social work, others.


[pg. 47]

Technical university: This refers to the majors that are offered by the universities such as: teaching, nursing, technicians in diverse areas.

University: These are those that studied or are studying in one of the universities for the purpose of an academic title, such as: doctor, engineer, economist, odontologist, etc.

Unknown: These are those people who have made some course of study, but by not being present, or for reasons of age were not able to report their level.


12b. Years passed
What is the last year passed at this level?

In this question nursery school will be recorded as "00" (zero zero) and year passed will be recorded starting with first grade of the regular teaching system.
For upper level education both in and outside of the university, in which courses of study follow cycles and each year includes two cycles, the year exact year will be written down carefully. To facilitate the answer, the year passed will be noted in numbers.


top
El Salvador 2007 — source variable SV2007A_EDUC — Grade attending/attended
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 9-12 are for persons age 5 or older]


11a. What is the last grade or highest school year passed?

[] 1 Nursery/kindergarten (go to questions 11d.) ____
[] 2 Primary or basic (go to questions 11d.) ____
[] 3 Secondary education [educación media] ____
[] 4 Short course of studies after the sixth grade leading to a degree ____
[] 5 Non-university, higher education ____
[] 6 University-level technical studies [técnico universitaria] ____
[] 7 Advanced university [superior universitaria] ____
[] 8 Master's ____
[] 9 Doctorate ____

11b: Have you completed your high school, technical, university, master's or doctorate degree?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


top
Ethiopia 1984 — source variable ET1984A_EDATTAN — Education level completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
30. Highest grade completed

Is [person] illiterate? Write 00 for illiterate and if literate, highest grade completed.
_ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Column 30 - Highest Grade Completed

Each household member aged five years and over will be first asked if he/she can read and write. A person is said to be able to read and write if he/she can read and understand and also write in any language. People can read and write only their names and numbers are not considered as having educational qualification. Also those who can read only scripture- related and memorized texts are not taken as having been educated.

If the person does not read and write, the term "illiterate" will be entered in column 30 and "00" in card columns 55 and 56. However if the household member is able to read and write, he/she will be asked the highest grade he/she completed and then the correct code for the response among those in the list will be registered in the space provided in column 30 in line with the household member and this same code will be entered in card columns 55 and 56.

Highest grade completed refers to the highest educational grade individuals are currently attending or the highest grade level they completed in the past under the available curriculum in regular schools, universities, training institutes and the like.

The highest grade the household member completed will be registered in the space provided corresponding to the household member in column 30. Then the correct code among those listed below will be identified and entered in card columns 55 and 56.

00 = Illiterate. This includes those currently enrolled but not yet able to read and write and those who have attended in the past and discontinued attending before knowing to read and write and those who have forgotten to read and write .Also those who have never attended are included here.
01 = Completed first grade and able to read and write.
02 = Completed second grade and able to read and write. Those qualified to read and write under literacy program are considered as having completed second grade.
03 = Completed third grade and able to read and write.
04 = Completed fourth grade.
05 = Completed fifth grade.
06 = Completed sixth grade.
07 = Completed seventh grade.
08 = Completed eighth grade.
09 = Completed ninth grade.
10 = Completed tenth grade.
11 = Completed eleventh grade.
12 = Completed twelfth grade.
20 = Completed education of one year or more in a program above 12th grade offered in schools, institutes, colleges or universities, that is not intended to qualify with first degree /BA. BSC/.
21 = Completed education of one year or more in a program above 12th grade offered in colleges or universities, that is intended to qualify with first degree /BA. BSC/ but not yet awarded with degree.
22 = Completed education with first degree /BA, BSC, LLB/ and having similar qualification.
23 = Completed a one year or more of education above first degree in graduate program in university with but not awarded with MA, MSC, LLM.
24 = Completed education with master's degree /MA, MSC, LLM/ and having equivalent qualification.
25 = Completed education with doctorate degree or equivalent qualification.
26 = Able to read and write but their qualification cannot be classified according to the standard educational classification. For example, priests, monks, other members of the clergy, sheiks, etc. who have attended schools in churches, monasteries and mosques and in others and learned how to read and write come under this category with regard to the highest grade completed. Those who could read and write by learning on their own with the help from others prior to completing first grade come under this category. This includes those attending literacy program and who can read and write.

To determine the highest grade completed for a person who has attended or still attending other than regular school and university the number of academic years completed in the institution or equivalent level is added on the grade or level completed in regular school. For example, if some years ago the requirement for entrance to a nursing school was to complete eighth grade in regular education, and the course in the nursing school takes three years to complete the professional training then grade completed will be calculated as: 8 + 3 = 11. Hence 11 will be entered in card columns 55 and 56.

But if the requirement for admission to a nursing school was completion of 11tth grade from regular schools, then the situation has to be treated differently. One who completes a three-year nursing training without any repetition and having no further regular education is said to have completed 14, i.e. /11 + 3/. For people who have attended or currently attending evening schools, teachers training institutes, commercial, technical, telecommunications, etc. schools or institutes, their highest grade completed will have to be determined in the same way.

One thing worth noting here is that the highest grade completed for a person who has studied in different educational institutions will be the highest grade among these. For example, let us assume a nurse completed 11th grade in regular school and also 3 years training in nursing school and later completed 12th grade in evening school and further pursued her education in the university extension program for three years. The highest grade this person completed is: First) grade completed in regular school (11) plus years completed in nursing institute (3) equals 14. On the other hand if she has completed 11th grade in regular school and completed 12th grade in extension session of regular school and further completed 3rd year education in a university, then the highest grade she completed will be 15 /11 + 1 + 3/. If she completed a three year education above 12th grade under a program unintended to obtain degree, code "20" will be entered in card columns 55 and 56 or code "21" will be entered in the card columns under a program intended to obtain a degree.

As can be understood from the second example above, the standard of some vocational training institutes does not match with that in regular schools and universities. And this does not have to create any confusion because the required data is highest grade completed not the school or institute standard people have attended or are still attending.


top
Ethiopia 1994 — source variable ET1994A_EDATTAN — Education level completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section III: Detailed particulars of household members

Five years and above
[Questions 26-27 were asked of resident members age 5+.]

Educational status

26. Enter grade enrolled for those now attending school

97=Attended school in the past
98=Never attended school
_ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Column 26 - 27: Educational status of persons aged 5 years and above
Questions in columns 18 - 20 refer only to members of a given household aged 5 years and over. During the time of enumeration, information on the school attendance status of the person and the highest grade the individual has completed will be asked and collected. All questions refer to the educational status of individuals aged 5 years and over at the time of the census.

top
Ethiopia 2007 — source variable ET2007A_EDATTAN — Highest level and grade completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section 3: Details of persons in the household

[Questions 18-20 were asked of long form respondents age 5+.]

20. What is the highest grade [the respondent] completed?

_ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 18-20:- About Literacy and Educational Status of Persons Aged 5 Years and Above.

Questions from 18-20 refer to only members of a given household aged 5 years and over. During the time of enumeration information on the ability of the person to read and write with the language he/she speaks, the school attendance status of the person and the highest grade the individual has completed will be asked and collected. All questions refer to the literacy and educational status of individuals aged 5 years and over at the period of the census.

Question 20:- What is the highest grade [the respondent] completed?

This question will be asked to persons who are reported to be attending school at the time of enumeration and to those who were attending some times in the past. The level of educational attainment or highest grade the person has completed refers to the highest grade level he/she has completed within the most advanced level attended in the educational system either in the new or the former educational system of the country where the education was received. For example, a person who is found to be attending in grade 7 at the time of enumeration is considered to have completed grade 6 in question 20. Therefore, codes 7 and 6 will be assigned to the individual on questions 19 and 20 respectively. However the person may not attend at the time of the census but reported to have taken exam in grade 8 and passed, under this circumstance the person is considered as the one who completed grade 8.

For the purpose of enabling the enumerators to assign and mark the necessary codes to the information obtained, the list of level of grades which the respondents has completed at the time of census with their corresponding list of codes are given below.

B: - Highest Grade Levels the Individuals Have Completed at the Time of Census with Their Corresponding Codes

Grade level the person has completed, Code, Description
Preschool, 00, for persons who have completed kindergarten or schools below grade 1

Grade 1, 01, for persons who have completed grade 1 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 2, 02, for persons who have completed grade 2 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 3, 03, for persons who have completed grade 3 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 4, 04, for persons who have completed grade 4 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 5, 05, for persons who have completed grade 5 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 6, 06, for persons who have completed grade 6 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 7, 07, for persons who have completed grade 7 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 8, 08, for persons who have completed grade 8 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 9, 09, for persons who have completed grade 9 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 10, 10, for persons who have complete grade 10 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 11, 11, for persons who have completed grade 11 in both former and new curriculums

Grade 12, 12, for persons who have completed grade 12 in both former and new curriculums

Certificate, 13, for those who graduated with certificate from formal education providing institutions which are above grade 12 (colleges and universities or similar institutions)

Those who do not complete diploma program, 14, for those who are attending in institutions above grade 12 and have completed at least the first year of the program which is designed to graduate persons in Diploma program but they have not graduated with Diploma

Those who do not complete degree program, 15, for those who are attending in institutions above grade 12 and have completed at least the first year of the program which is designed to graduate persons in degree but they have not graduated with Bachelors degree

People with Collage diploma, 16, for those who have completed the program which is designed to graduate persons in diploma and have graduated with diploma from higher institutions

People with first Degree, 17, for those who have completed the program which is designed to graduate persons in first degree and have graduated with first degree from higher institutions such as B.A., B.Sc. M.D., LL.B etc...

Persons in Post graduate program, 18, for those who are attending in higher educational institutions have completed at least the first year of post graduate program which is designed to graduate persons in degree of Master but they have not graduated

Persons with Degree of Master, 19, for those who have completed the post graduate program which is designed to graduate persons in second degree and have graduated with degree of Master from higher institutions such as M.A., M.Sc. M.A.D., M.LL., M.B.A etc..

Persons with Ph. Degree, 20, for those who have completed the post graduate program which is designed to graduate persons in Ph. Degree (doctorate degree) and have graduated with degree of Philosophy or Ph.D. from higher institutions

Grade 9, 21, for persons who have completed grade 9 in the new educational system

Grade 10, 22, for persons who have completed grade 10 in the new educational system

First year preparatory, 23, for persons who have completed the first year preparatory program which is designed to enable students to join higher educational institution

Second year preparatory, 24, for persons who have completed the second year preparatory program which is designed to enable students to join higher educational institution

10+1 and certificate, 25, for persons who have completed the 10+1 vocational and technical educational program and graduated with certificate

First year in 10+2, 26, for persons who have completed the first year of the 10+2 vocational and technical educational program

10+2 and certificate, 27, for persons who have completed the 10+2 vocational and technical educational program graduated with certificate.

First year in 10+3, 28, for persons who have completed the first year of the 10+3 vocational and technical educational program

Second year in 10+3, 29, for persons who have completed the second year of the 10+3 vocational and technical educational program

College diploma or 10+3, 30, for persons who have completed the 10+3 vocational and technical educational program graduated with diploma

Adult Education, 95, for persons who have completed adult education and not continued to attend in any other educational program

Non formal education, 96, for persons who are attending non-formal education like religious education at the time of enumeration or for those who are given code 96 on questions 19.


top
Fiji 1976 — source variable FJ1976A_EDATTAN — Educational level attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons
[Questions 1-11.]


10. Education
State highest level of education attained.

Write class, form or full-time post-secondary courses completed.
____


top
Fiji 1986 — source variable FJ1986A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons
[Questions 1-13 were asked of all persons]


13. Educational attainment

Highest level attained
____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 13 - Educational attainment

133. "What is the highest level of education this person has attained?"

134. State the highest class or form the person reached or is attending if still at school. If the person has never been to school, write "none". You may shorten class and form by writing "CI 4" or "F 3" or as the case may be.

135. If the person has been to secondary school, has left secondary school and has successfully completed some post-secondary training or gained some post-secondary qualification, write details -- in such cases give degrees by their usual initials. Enter "Teach TC", "Med. FSM", "Nurse FSM" or as appropriate for other training. If the person has more than one post-secondary qualification, enter the one the person considers most important.

136. If the person attended an informal or unrecognized school outside the formal primary/secondary system, such as a Bible class, write "Unrecognized" which you may shorten to "Unrec".

137. This completes the questions which are to be asked of all persons. Make sure there is an entry in each box and that the entry is correct.

top
Fiji 1996 — source variable FJ1996A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

D13. Educational attainment
[Question D13 was asked of persons who are attending or attended school.]
For (AT) or (LEFT), highest level attained if at school state Kindergarten, primary class, secondary form, university/tertiary year, e.g. class 3, form 5, Diploma 1, Degree 2, etc.
______
For (LEFT), specify main field of study if completed Degree/Diploma/Certificate, e.g. primary school teaching, motor mechanic, economics
______
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question D13 - Educational attainment

133. Ask,
'What is the highest level of education this person has attained?'

134. State the highest class or form the person reached or is attending if still at school, in which case insert:

'kindy' for kindergarten
primary class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
secondary form 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
university year eg. Degree 1, Diploma 2 or Certificate 1
other tertiary eg. FIT


If the person has never been to school, write 'none'. You may shorten class and form by writing 'Cl 4' or 'F3' or as the case may be.

135. If the person has left school, state his highest qualification. In case the person has successfully completed some post-secondary training or gained some post-secondary qualification write details.

In case of degrees, diplomas, and certificates, specify main field of study eg.

[p.24]

BSc Physics,
BA Sociology,
Post Graduate Diploma - Marine Biology,
Certificate - Quantity Survey,
Diploma in pre-school teaching


If the person has more than one post-secondary qualification, enter the one the person considers most important.

136. If the person attended an informal or unrecognised school outside the formal primary/secondary system, such as a Bible class, write 'Unrecognised' which you may shorten to 'Unrec'.

137. This completes the questions which are to be asked of all persons. Make sure there is an entry in each person's box and that the entry is correct.

top
Fiji 2007 — source variable FJ2007A_EDATTAIN — Educational level attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons
[Questions D1-D18 were asked of all persons.]


[Question D16b asked of persons who have left school.]
D16.b. What is the highest level of education [the person] has completed?

_ _


top
Fiji 2007 — source variable FJ2007A_EDATTEND — Educational level attending
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons
[Questions D1-D18 were asked of all persons.]


[Question D16a was asked of persons currently attending school full or part time.]

D16.a. What is the level of education [the person] is attending?

(Go to D17)
_ _


top
Fiji 2014 — source variable FJ2014A_SCHLEV — Current level of school attendance
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all persons
[Question D1 through D9 were asked of all persons.]

[D9] Is this person currently attending any formal educational institution?

Tick appropriate box.
[] 1 Full time [Go to D10a]
[] 2 Part time [Go to D10a]
[] 3 Left school [Go to D10b]
[] 4 Never been [Go to D12]

[D10a] What is the level of education this person is attending? [Go to D11] _ _


top
Fiji 2014 — source variable FJ2014A_EDATTAIN — School completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all persons
[Question D1 through D9 were asked of all persons.]

[D10b] What is the highest level of education this person has completed? _ _


top
Ghana 1984 — source variable GH1984A_EDLEVEL — Type of school (level)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Answer only for persons aged 5 years and over
[Question 7 was asked of persons age 5 and older.]

7. Full-time education

(a) Have you attended or are you attending school now?
0 [] Never
1 [] Now
3 [] Past
(b) If now or past in 7a, what is the highest grade (or year) attained in the regular school attended?
0 [] Kindergarten _
1 [] Primary _
2 [] Middle _
3 [] Secondary _
[] Other, specify No. of years ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
7. Full-time education.

The questions on full-time education are strictly limited, to persons aged five years and over. They refer to full-time education in an educational institution like primary, middle, secondary, commercial or technical school, teacher training college, university or similar type of school where a person spends or has spent at least four hours a day receiving general education in which the emphasis is not on vocational or trade training.

This definition excludes private tuition, correspondence courses, night schools, trade schools such as flair catering, motor driving schools, vocational training schools, etc. It also excludes on-the-job training establishments like productivity institute, auditor-general's training school, agricultural training school, forestry training school, textile training school, draughtsmanship school, military academy, police training school, survey school, labour college, etc. It also excludes ungraded schools like nurseries and the Arabic schools where nothing but the reading and writing of the Koran is taught. This does not mean that schools where Arabic is taught should automatically be excluded because there are recognized schools where Arabic and other subjects are taught.

1a. Have you attended or are you attending school now?

Three boxes marked never, past, now, are provided for this question and you should mark a cross in only one of them.

(a) Never- Mark a cross in this box if the person has never at any time received full-time education.
(b) Past- Mark a cross in this box if the person received full-time education in the past and is no longer receiving it.
(c) Now- Mark a cross in this box if the person is still receiving full-time education at the time of the Census.

1b. If now or past in 7a what is the highest grade (or year) attained in the regular school attended?

Boxes have been provided for recording the grade attained in the highest type of school attended by the respondent. You should therefore write in only one box for each respondent.

For a child in kindergarten write "1" in the box provided for kindergarten.

pg. 51

The following conversion table will help you to write the appropriate number in the box for respondents who attended the former "elementary" school and the comparatively new school system and reached a particular grade.

Note that the conversion should be done in terms of the "present system" [table].

[Column headings:]
(a) Old system
(b) Present system
(c) New system

Old system: Class 1
Present system: Primary 1
New system: Primary 1

Old system: Class 2
Present system: Primary 2
New system: Primary 2

Old system: Class 3
Present system: Primary 3
New system: Primary 3

Old system: Standard 1
Present system: Primary 4
New system: Primary 3

Old system: Standard 2
Present system: Primary 5
New system: Primary 4

Old system: Standard 3
Present system: Primary 6
New system: Primary 5

Old system: Standard 4
Present system: Middle 1
New system: Primary 6

Old system: Standard 5
Present system: Middle 2
New system: Primary 7

Old system: Standard 6
Present system: Middle 3
New system: Continuation 1

Old system: Standard 7
Present system: Middle 4
New system: Continuation 2

If the respondent completed middle form 4, you should write 4 in the box provided for middle. Likewise if the respondent completed continuation 1, you should write 3 in the box for middle. Similarly for a respondent who finished secondary form 5, you must write 5 in the box for secondary. For a respondent in upper sixth form in a secondary school you should write 6 in the box for secondary. It is important that you write out the figures clearly and boldly.

The dotted line marked "other specify" has been provided for recording the other types of school which do not fall into the categories above.

These include the following:

(a) Universities
(b) Teacher training colleges
(c) Commercial and technical schools
(d) Junior secondary schools

For teacher training colleges you should distinguish between the following types:

1. Cert. B
2. Cert. A (post middle)
3. Cert. A (post B)
4. Cert. A (post-secondary)
5. Specialist training college
6. Advanced teacher training, etc.
pg. 52

For these schools indicate on the dotted line marked "no. of years", the number of years spent or the highest grade attained in the school by the respondent, e.g. for those who obtained cert. A (post B) teacher's certificate write 2 in the space marked "no. of years".


top
Ghana 1984 — source variable GH1984A_EDATTAN — Highest grade achieved (within level)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Answer only for persons aged 5 years and over
[Question 7 was asked of persons age 5 and older.]

7. Full-time education

(a) Have you attended or are you attending school now?
0 [] Never
1 [] Now
3 [] Past
(b) If now or past in 7a, what is the highest grade (or year) attained in the regular school attended?
0 [] Kindergarten _
1 [] Primary _
2 [] Middle _
3 [] Secondary _
[] Other, specify No. of years ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
7. Full-time education.

The questions on full-time education are strictly limited, to persons aged five years and over. They refer to full-time education in an educational institution like primary, middle, secondary, commercial or technical school, teacher training college, university or similar type of school where a person spends or has spent at least four hours a day receiving general education in which the emphasis is not on vocational or trade training.

This definition excludes private tuition, correspondence courses, night schools, trade schools such as flair catering, motor driving schools, vocational training schools, etc. It also excludes on-the-job training establishments like productivity institute, auditor-general's training school, agricultural training school, forestry training school, textile training school, draughtsmanship school, military academy, police training school, survey school, labour college, etc. It also excludes ungraded schools like nurseries and the Arabic schools where nothing but the reading and writing of the Koran is taught. This does not mean that schools where Arabic is taught should automatically be excluded because there are recognized schools where Arabic and other subjects are taught.

1a. Have you attended or are you attending school now?

Three boxes marked never, past, now, are provided for this question and you should mark a cross in only one of them.

(a) Never- Mark a cross in this box if the person has never at any time received full-time education.
(b) Past- Mark a cross in this box if the person received full-time education in the past and is no longer receiving it.
(c) Now- Mark a cross in this box if the person is still receiving full-time education at the time of the Census.

1b. If now or past in 7a what is the highest grade (or year) attained in the regular school attended?

Boxes have been provided for recording the grade attained in the highest type of school attended by the respondent. You should therefore write in only one box for each respondent.

For a child in kindergarten write "1" in the box provided for kindergarten.

pg. 51

The following conversion table will help you to write the appropriate number in the box for respondents who attended the former "elementary" school and the comparatively new school system and reached a particular grade.

Note that the conversion should be done in terms of the "present system" [table].

[Column headings:]
(a) Old system
(b) Present system
(c) New system

Old system: Class 1
Present system: Primary 1
New system: Primary 1

Old system: Class 2
Present system: Primary 2
New system: Primary 2

Old system: Class 3
Present system: Primary 3
New system: Primary 3

Old system: Standard 1
Present system: Primary 4
New system: Primary 3

Old system: Standard 2
Present system: Primary 5
New system: Primary 4

Old system: Standard 3
Present system: Primary 6
New system: Primary 5

Old system: Standard 4
Present system: Middle 1
New system: Primary 6

Old system: Standard 5
Present system: Middle 2
New system: Primary 7

Old system: Standard 6
Present system: Middle 3
New system: Continuation 1

Old system: Standard 7
Present system: Middle 4
New system: Continuation 2

If the respondent completed middle form 4, you should write 4 in the box provided for middle. Likewise if the respondent completed continuation 1, you should write 3 in the box for middle. Similarly for a respondent who finished secondary form 5, you must write 5 in the box for secondary. For a respondent in upper sixth form in a secondary school you should write 6 in the box for secondary. It is important that you write out the figures clearly and boldly.

The dotted line marked "other specify" has been provided for recording the other types of school which do not fall into the categories above.

These include the following:

(a) Universities
(b) Teacher training colleges
(c) Commercial and technical schools
(d) Junior secondary schools

For teacher training colleges you should distinguish between the following types:

1. Cert. B
2. Cert. A (post middle)
3. Cert. A (post B)
4. Cert. A (post-secondary)
5. Specialist training college
6. Advanced teacher training, etc.
pg. 52

For these schools indicate on the dotted line marked "no. of years", the number of years spent or the highest grade attained in the school by the respondent, e.g. for those who obtained cert. A (post B) teacher's certificate write 2 in the space marked "no. of years".


top
Ghana 1984 — source variable GH1984A_SCHOOL — School attendance
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Answer only for persons aged 5 years and over
[Question 7 was asked of persons age 5 and older.]

7. Full-time education

(a) Have you attended or are you attending school now?
0 [] Never
1 [] Now
3 [] Past
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
7. Full-time education.

The questions on full-time education are strictly limited, to persons aged five years and over. They refer to full-time education in an educational institution like primary, middle, secondary, commercial or technical school, teacher training college, university or similar type of school where a person spends or has spent at least four hours a day receiving general education in which the emphasis is not on vocational or trade training.

This definition excludes private tuition, correspondence courses, night schools, trade schools such as flair catering, motor driving schools, vocational training schools, etc. It also excludes on-the-job training establishments like productivity institute, auditor-general's training school, agricultural training school, forestry training school, textile training school, draughtsmanship school, military academy, police training school, survey school, labour college, etc. It also excludes ungraded schools like nurseries and the Arabic schools where nothing but the reading and writing of the Koran is taught. This does not mean that schools where Arabic is taught should automatically be excluded because there are recognized schools where Arabic and other subjects are taught.

1a. Have you attended or are you attending school now?

Three boxes marked never, past, now, are provided for this question and you should mark a cross in only one of them.

(a) Never- Mark a cross in this box if the person has never at any time received full-time education.
(b) Past- Mark a cross in this box if the person received full-time education in the past and is no longer receiving it.
(c) Now- Mark a cross in this box if the person is still receiving full-time education at the time of the Census.

top
Ghana 2000 — source variable GH2000A_EDATTAIN — Highest level and grade of education attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

P12 Educational characteristics (Answer for persons 3 years or older)

[P12b-P12c were asked of persons have ever attended/attending school now.]


P12b If now, or past in P12a: What is the highest level of schooling (name) attending/attended?

[] 1 Pre-school
[] 2 Primary
[] 3 Middle/JSS
[] 4 Secondary/SSS
[] 5 Vocational/technical/commercial
[] 6 Post secondary (Agriculture/nursing/teacher training)
[] 7 Tertiary


P12c Highest educational grade: What is the highest grade (name) completed at that level? _ _
(Record actual grade if 0-8, if 9 or more code 9)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
P12: Educational characteristics: Ask all persons 3 years or older


P12a School attendance: Has (name) ever attended/attending school now?

This question refers to full time education in an educational institution such as, nursery, kindergarten (pre-school), primary, middle, junior secondary, secondary, vocational, commercial or technical, senior secondary, teacher training college, university or similar type of school where a person spends or has spent at least four (4) hours a day receiving general education in which the emphasis is not on vocational skill or trade training.

This definition excludes night schools, trade schools such as flair catering, motor driving schools, adult literacy school, etc. It also excludes on-the-job training establishments like National Productivity Institute, Auditor-General's Training School, Accountant-General Training School, Labour College, Commercial Bank Training School, etc. It excludes Arabic schools where only reading and writing of the Quoran are taught. This does not mean that schools where Arabic is taught must automatically be excluded because there are recognised schools where Arabic and other subjects are taught.

Three Options: never, now, past are provided for this question and you must write and mark only one of them:

a. Never - Write and mark X for box 1, if the person has never at any time received full-time education. If you mark never i.e. box 1 then skip to P13 without asking P12b and P12c.
b. Now - Write and mark box 2, if the person is still receiving full-time education at the time of the Census. It includes those who are on vacation at the time of the Census and would be going back to school.
c. Past - Write and mark box 3, if the person received full-time education in the past and is no longer receiving it.


P12b If now or past in 12a: What is the highest level of schooling (name) attending/attended?

This question seeks to elicit information on the highest level of formal schooling attended/attending. Seven levels have been identified. They are (i) Pre-school, (ii) Primary (iii) Middle/JSS (iv) Secondary/SSS (v) Vocational/Technical/Commercial (vi) Post Secondary (Agric/Nursing/Teacher Training) and (vii) Tertiary (e.g. Polytechnic or University). If the person or respondent dropped out of school at a level it means he/she had not completed that level but has attended that level. Note that the interest here is to find the highest level ever attended or attending and not completed, mark the appropriate box applicable to the person.

In some cases you will come across people who through correspondence, distant or adult education have attained some level of schooling. In such cases find the equivalent level of schooling and write and mark the appropriate box.

P12c What is the highest grade (name) completed at that level?

The highest grade completed, is the last full class, form or year completed and not the present/current one being attended. For example if the person is now in primary class five (5), then the highest grade (class) completed will be Primary four (4) since he/she has not yet completed Primary five (5). Similarly, a child who is currently or who dropped out during the second term in JSS 1, will have "0" (Zero) recorded, because no grade has been completed at that level. Record the equivalent grade for persons who have attained some level of schooling through distant, correspondence or adult education. Thus if the grade is unobtainable, the equivalence of the number of years devoted to that particular type of school will provide the required information.

[p. 41]

An example of how to complete P12b and P12c: If a child is currently in the third year of primary school then mark an X for code "2" in P12b and write 2 and mark in the box at P12c.


top
Ghana 2010 — source variable GH2010A_EDATTAN — Highest educational level and grade completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Questions P00-P20 were asked for persons in both the household and non-household populations.]

Full time education: answer for persons 3 years and older
[P12a, P12b and P12c were asked for persons 3 years of age and older.]

P12b. What is the highest level of schooling [the respondent] is attending now/attended in the past?

[P12b was asked for persons who had attended school in the past or were attending school now (responded "past" or "now" to P12a).]
[] 01 Nursery
[] 02 Kindergarten
[] 03 Primary
[] 04 JSS/JHS
[] 05 Middle
[] 06 SSS/SHS
[] 07 Secondary
[] 08 Voc/technical/commercial
[] 09 Post middle/secondary certificate (teacher training/college of education, agric, nursing etc.)
[] 10 Post secondary diploma (university diploma, HND, teacher training/college of education diploma, etc)
[] 11 Bachelor degree
[] 12 Post graduate (Cert., Diploma, Masters, PHD, etc.)

P12c. Highest educational grade completed for those currently attending school or attended in the past.

[P12c was asked for persons who had attended school in the past or were attending school now (responded "past" or "now" to P12a).]
What is the highest grade (form/class/level) [the respondent] has completed at that level of schooling? _
If 0 -8, record actual grade. If 9 or more, code 9.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
P12b. If now or past in 12a: What is the highest level of school (name) is attending now/attended in the past?

This question seeks to elicit information on the highest level of formal school respondent attended or is attending. 12 levels have been identified and they are:

01 Nursery
02 Kindergarten
03 Primary
04 JSS/JHS
05 Middle
06 SSS/SHS
07 Secondary
08 Vocational/technical/commercial
09 Post middle/secondary certificate (teacher training, college of education, agric., nursing, midwifery, other certificate, etc.),
10 Post secondary diploma [tertiary (university diploma, teacher training, HND, etc.)]
11 Bachelor degree
12 Post-graduate or higher (higher means post graduate diploma, master's degree, Ph.D.).

Note that the interest here is to find the highest level of formal school respondent ever attended or attending and not completed. If a respondent dropped out of school at a level it means he/she has attended that level. Also note that first degree includes undergraduates who are still in the universities and polytechnics and those who attended university but dropped out before completing the bachelor degree in addition to those who have completed their bachelor degree.

Similarly, the post graduate category includes those who have completed post graduate diploma, masters' degree and Ph.D. It also includes those who are currently doing a postgraduate course and those who started post graduate course but dropped out before completion.

Enter the code applicable to the person.

You will also come across people who through distant, sandwich course or adult education have attained some level of schooling. In such cases, find the equivalent level of schooling and record the appropriate code in the box provided.

P12c. What is the highest grade [class/form/year] (name) has completed at that level of schooling?

The highest grade completed, is the last full class, form or year completed and not the present/current one being attended. For example if the person is now in primary class five (5), then the highest grade (class) completed will be primary four (4) since he/she has not yet completed primary five (5). Similarly, a child who is currently in JHS 1 or who dropped out during the second term in JHS 1, will have "0" (Zero) recorded, because no grade has been completed at that level. Record the equivalent grade for persons who have attained some level of schooling through distant, correspondence or adult education. If the grade is unobtainable, the equivalence of the number of years devoted to that particular type of school will provide the required information. Below is an example of how to complete P12b and P12c. If a child is currently in the third year of primary school then enter code "03" in P12b. In P12c, write 2 in the appropriate box.


top
Guatemala 1964 — source variable GT1964A_EDATTAIN — Level and grade completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Educational and occupational characteristics
Persons 7 years old and more
[Questions 15 to 26 are asked of persons age 7+ years old]

Education

18. Educational level: What was the highest grade and level of education that the person passed?

Be informed about the grade and the type of education: primary, secondary, university

[] No grade
[] 2 Elementary ____
[] 3 Secondary ____
[] 4 University ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Educational and occupational characteristics

These questions should be asked exclusively of the persons who have informed that they are seven years old or older.

Question 18: Educational level

In the spaces that correspond to this question, the enumerator should note with clarity, the highest grade or year that the person has completed in formal education. In this question, it is necessary to insist a bit, since generally, the informant tends to say the grade or year that he or she is attending, but what we want to know is the last grade that he or she passed. For this reason, this question should be asked to all persons, whatever the answer was to question 17. For person younger than seven years old, you should mark with an X across the box.

For those who inform not having passed any educational grade, you should write an X on the first line of this question ("no grade"), the same as for those who have passed any grade of preschool, since the question is oriented to the primary, secondary, or university levels.

The enumerator should write the grade or year on the corresponding line, according to the educational level. In this way, a person who has passed through the fifth year of elementary should have noted 5th elementary, the person who has passed 3rd year of pre-vocational should note 3rd Secondary, etc.

Be aware that under the term secondary we include the pre-vocational cycle (or general education) and the vocational cycle (or diversified), taking the first year of this last cycle as the 4th year of secondary, since the cycle of general education is comprised of three years.

If the education that is being studied is divided by semesters, you should note the highest year that the person has completed. For example, if the person passed the 5th semester of Civil Engineering, it would correspond to 2nd year of University.

For the persons who studied abroad, you should note with the best approximation, the grade that corresponds to the Guatemalan educational system, asking additional questions to the interviewee.

For persons who studied in Guatemala before the current educational systems were put into place at the several levels, you should note the highest grade that they passed according to the past systems. In this case, you should ask the enumerated persons additional questions to achieve the most accurate notation possible.

If the person does not remember the last grade passed, but does remember the level (elementary, secondary, or university), note a "d" (initial for unknown) on the respective line. For example, for a person who informs that he or she attended some years of secondary education, but cannot remember the last grade passed, you will write "of secondary". If the person does not remember even the grade nor educational level, in large letters that cover the box, write "unknown."

[p. 45]

Many college students take classes that correspond to different years; you should always write the last year that he or she has completed.

In the case of college students who finished classes but have not taken the exams to receive their college degree, you should note the last grade passed. The same will be applied in the case of professionals who have graduated from the university.

In the case of persons who have studied two fields of secondary or university studies, you should note the highest grade that corresponds to the field with the highest number of years.

As in the case of questions 16 and 17, this question refers exclusively to the formal education that is obtained in public and private institutions, schools, private education at home and college, excluding the long-distance learning and courses that are received in isolated form.


top
Guatemala 1973 — source variable GT1973A_EDLEV — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
C - Cultural characteristics
(For those 7 years of age and older)
[Questions 11 to 14 are asked of persons age 7+ years old]


12. Educational level

What was the highest grade or year of schooling you completed in primary, secondary, or higher education?

Write the grade or year according to the type of schooling indicated.

[] 00 None
[] 1 Elementary ____
[] 2 Secondary____
[] 3 Higher____
[] 99 Unknown

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
C) Cultural characteristics (for persons aged seven years or older)

Questions 11-14 refer to the literacy and educational level of the enumerated person; either he or she completed the degree or is currently studying. For this reason, only persons aged seven and older are asked these questions.

The purpose of these questions is to find out the educational level of the population with respect to their demographic, economic, and social characteristics.

Question 12: level of education

1. How to ask the question:

[p. 71]

Ask, "What was the last grade or year in primary or secondary school, or higher education, which you successfully completed?"

Note that two pieces of information are required here: a) the highest level of education; and b) the last year successfully completed at that level.

The normal educational system in Guatemala has several levels: a) primary; b) secondary; c) and higher education.

The following definitions will help you categorize the population correctly according to the above.

Primary education: this education is intended to provide the basic elements of instruction (grades 1-6).

Secondary education: the purpose of this level is to provide general, or specialized, or both, types of education. The minimum requirement for students is to be admitted is completion of primary education. This level of education is currently divided into basic and vocational instruction.

Higher education: this is instruction provided in universities and higher-level technical institutions. The minimum requirement for students to be admitted is completion of secondary education.

2. How to record the answer:
The form has various boxes for recording the answer given by the interviewee:

The 00 box, "none," is for the population, which has not completed any schooling.

The spaces appearing after the various levels of instruction, such as "primary 1 _ _," "secondary 2 _ _," and "higher level 3 _ _," are for recording the highest year or grade completed.

Use the 99 box, "unknown," for those persons for whom the informant is unable to provide the information.

[p. 72]

3. Example:
[This box contains question 12 of the section VI, "people in the census household."]


top
Guatemala 1981 — source variable GT1981A_EDLEV — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
VII. People in the census household

For those 7 years of age and older
[Questions 13 - 15 were asked for persons age 7+ old]

14. Educational level

What was the last grade or year of studies completed in primary, secondary or higher education?

[] 00 None
[] 1 Elementary _ _ _
[] 2 Secondary _ _ _
[] 3 Higher _ _ _
[] 99 Unknown
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Third block: educational characteristics (for those 7 years of age and older).

Questions 13 to 15 refer to the enumerated person's literacy and education completed or education being carried out. For this reason, only those persons 7 years of age and older are asked these questions.

The purpose of these questions is to discover the educational level of the population in relation to demographic, economic, and social characteristics.


Question 14: educational level

1. How to formulate the question
What was the last grade or year of study that you completed in either primary [elementary], middle, or superior school?

Two pieces of information are required:

a) The highest level of education; and,
b) The last year completed in that level.

The Republic of Guatemala's regular educational system is made up of the following levels of education:

a) Primary
b) Middle
c) Tertiary


The following definitions will help the enumerator in correctly classifying the population in this characteristic.

Primary education: The educational system providing the first elements of instruction (1st to 6th grades).

Middle education (secondary): A general, specialized, or both, system of education. The minimum prerequisite to enter into secondary education is the completion of elementary education. This level is currently divided into basic and vocational.

[p. 74]

Tertiary education: Education provided by universities and non-university technical schools. The minimum prerequisite to enter tertiary education is the completion of secondary education.

2. How to record the data

If the person has not completed any grade, the number "00. none" is circled.

The spaces that appear before the different levels of education, "1. Primary", "2. Middle," and "3. tertiary", are provided so that the last grade or year completed can be recorded.

Finally, number "99. unknown" is provided in case the informant cannot supply the information about the person in question.

3. Example:

[These instructions refer to a graphic of question 14 of the census form]

top
Guatemala 1994 — source variable GT1994A_EDATTAIN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
VII. People in the census household

14. Educational level

What was the last grade or year of studies completed in pre-primary, primary, secondary or higher education?

Write down from 1 to 7 according to the grade passed.

[] 00 None
[] 10 Pre-primary
[] 2 Elementary _
[] 3 Secondary _
[] 4 Higher (university) _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Questions for persons aged seven and older only
If the person is less than seven, do not ask him/her question 13-24. Instead, go to the next person on the list.

14. Level of education
Before continuing with this question, familiarize yourself with the following definitions:

[A graphic of box 14, "Level of education," is reproduced on the left-hand side of the page.]

- Pre-primary education: the goal of pre-primary education is to provide early stimulation and promote the psychomotor development of the child in preparation for primary education.

[p. 56]

- Primary education: this level is intended to provide the basics of education (from first to sixth grade).

- Secondary education: this level is intended to provide either general or specialized education, or both. The student must have successfully completed primary school to enter secondary school. This stage of education is divided into basic and vocational.

- Higher education: this is education taught in state or private universities or advanced technical schools. The student must have successfully completed secondary school to enter an institute of higher education.

Ask, "What was the last grade you passed in pre-primary, primary, or secondary school, or an institute of higher education.

If the person has not passed any grade, mark an X in the circle corresponding to the 00 option. If the person passed pre-primary, mark an X in the circle corresponding to the 10 option.

For primary school, secondary school, and higher education, write the last grade passed in the appropriate grid space. Write the information in digits using number from 1 to 7 (7 being the maximum).

Classes taught at a university but of limited length (6 months, etc.) are not considered higher education.


top
Guatemala 2002 — source variable GT2002A_EDLEV — Education level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Chapter VII. Characteristics of the people

For persons of age 7 years and older
[Questions 12 to 20 are for persons of age 7 years and older]

13. What was the last grade or year of studies completed?

[] 10 None
[] 20 Preschool

[For options 3 to 5] write 1 to 7 according to the grade completed:
[] 3 Grade school _
[] 4 Middle school _
[] 5 Superior school _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 7: Individual characteristics

This section records individual information for a maximum of ten people - those listed in section 6, "total number of persons in the household." If there are more than ten people in the census household use as many additional forms as necessary.

[A graphic of the "individual characteristics", located at the top of section 7 of the census form, is included here.]

Person number: In the grid spaces on the upper left side of the form, write the number that corresponds to the person according to the order from the list of persons in section VI. The head of household is number 1.

Name: In the appropriate space, write the name of each of the persons who make up the household according to the order in which they appear on the list in question 3 of section VI. Begin with the head of household and continue writing according to the order established.

Information supplied by respondent: This is when the person interviewed gives information about his/her own self. Fill in the appropriate oval according to the information you receive.

Questions 1-11 should be asked for all permanent residents of the household in the dwelling.

Questions 12-20 are for persons aged seven or older.

[p. 61]

13. Level of schooling
Ask, "What was the last level and or grade that this person passed in pre-primary, primary, middle or high school, or university?"

[A graphic of question 13, from section 7 of the census form, is included here.]

The levels of instruction corresponds to the regular system of formal education.

The mid-level of instruction refers to secondary education (middle and high school). Higher education corresponds to university education.

The question refers to the level and/or grade passed, and not the current level or grade.

Fill in the oval corresponding to code 10 if the respondent has not passed any grade.

Fill in the oval corresponding to code 20 if the respondent has passed pre-primary.

Write in digits (from 1 to 7) the answer corresponding to grades passed in primary, middle or high school, or university. If the answer is given in semesters, calculate an average of two semesters per grade. For example, the eighth semester would correspond to the fourth grade.


top
Guatemala 2002 — source variable GT2002A_YRSCHOOL — Years of study
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Chapter VII. Characteristics of the people

For persons of age 7 years and older
[Questions 12 to 20 are for persons of age 7 years and older]

13. What was the last grade or year of studies completed?

[] 10 None
[] 20 Preschool

[For options 3 to 5] write 1 to 7 according to the grade completed:
[] 3 Grade school _
[] 4 Middle school _
[] 5 Superior school _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 7: Individual characteristics

This section records individual information for a maximum of ten people - those listed in section 6, "total number of persons in the household." If there are more than ten people in the census household use as many additional forms as necessary.

[A graphic of the "individual characteristics", located at the top of section 7 of the census form, is included here.]

Person number: In the grid spaces on the upper left side of the form, write the number that corresponds to the person according to the order from the list of persons in section VI. The head of household is number 1.

Name: In the appropriate space, write the name of each of the persons who make up the household according to the order in which they appear on the list in question 3 of section VI. Begin with the head of household and continue writing according to the order established.

Information supplied by respondent: This is when the person interviewed gives information about his/her own self. Fill in the appropriate oval according to the information you receive.

Questions 1-11 should be asked for all permanent residents of the household in the dwelling.

Questions 12-20 are for persons aged seven or older.

[p. 61]

13. Level of schooling
Ask, "What was the last level and or grade that this person passed in pre-primary, primary, middle or high school, or university?"

[A graphic of question 13, from section 7 of the census form, is included here.]

The levels of instruction corresponds to the regular system of formal education.

The mid-level of instruction refers to secondary education (middle and high school). Higher education corresponds to university education.

The question refers to the level and/or grade passed, and not the current level or grade.

Fill in the oval corresponding to code 10 if the respondent has not passed any grade.

Fill in the oval corresponding to code 20 if the respondent has passed pre-primary.

Write in digits (from 1 to 7) the answer corresponding to grades passed in primary, middle or high school, or university. If the answer is given in semesters, calculate an average of two semesters per grade. For example, the eighth semester would correspond to the fourth grade.


top
Guinea 1983 — source variable GN1983A_EDLEV — Level of education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For the population aged 6 years and above: Characteristics of education
[Questions 12-14 were asked of persons aged 6 years and above.]


13. Highest grade completed ____
[The French text says "School attendance".]
Write the last grade attended, and the corresponding cycle (Cy), for instance: 1st cycle, 4th, grade, University, 2nd year. Write (-) if the person had never been to school

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

B. Educational characteristics for the population aged 6 and older


Column (13): Level of Education
125. The level of education here designates the last year of study at the highest level in the system completed by the person in the country where he/she studied.

126. Ask for and record the cycle (Cy) and the last class taken by the enumerated person. For example:

First Cy, 4th year for a child having attended the 4th year of the first cycle.
Third cycle, 11th year for one having attended the 11th year of the 3rd cycle.
FAC, 3rd year for one having attended the 3rd year of a university.


127. For those who have completed their highest level of studies in a training school, note the name of the establishment and the last class attended. For example, [write] ENI, 3rd year for one who attended the 3rd year of the National Teachers Institute (ENI).

128. For someone who has never attended school, put a dash (--).

top
Guinea 1996 — source variable GN1996A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Resident population aged 6 years and above
[Questions P13-P18 were asked of resident population aged 6 years and above.]


P14 Level of education (Highest grade completed)

____ School Cycle
____ Last grade attended
____ Education attainment

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column P14: Level of Education
The level of education of a given individual corresponds to the last year of studies completed, or currently being completed in the case of students who are in the highest academic cycle in the national educational system. There are 4 academic cycles, which include from 3 to 7 years of study depending on the cycle:
a) Primary education
b) Middle school education (l'enseignement secondaire du 1er)
c) [Upper/high] school education
d) Vocational Training Type A (enseignement professionel du type A)
e) Vocational Training Type B (enseignement professionel du type B)
f) Higher education

A year of studies or, more precisely, a class of studies (class d'études) corresponds to a level of teaching in a given cycle.

Note: The inclusion of an individual in the category "Vocational Type A" or Vocational Type B" is linked to the level of education he/she reached on leaving the general education system. Thus:
Write "Vocational Type A" for anyone who entered the vocational track at the middle school level (collège, secondaire 2) or before;
Write "Vocational Type B" for anyone who entered the vocational track at the upper school level (lycée, secondaire 2) or later.

To fill out column P14 you will need to ask a series of 3 questions:
a) "Have you attended an educational establishment (établissement d'enseignement scolaire), either public or private?"
If the answer is no, then write "without" below the study cycle and "0" below" years of study.
If the answer is yes, then ask the following questions from b) and c), below:

[p. 45]

b) "What is the highest academic cycle you have reached?" There are six possible answers:

1) Primary school
2) Middle school (Secondaire, 1er cycle)
3) Upper/high school (Secondaire, 2ème cycle)
4) Vocational A (Professionnel A)
5) Vocational B (Professionnel B)
6) Higher education (Supérieur)

Write out the appropriate answer completely.

c) "What is the last year of study which you attended, or which you attend now, from the academic cycles indicated above?" Write out the last year declared as follows:
-1st A, 2nd A, 3rd A, 4th A, 5thA, or 6th A if the individual has attended the primary cycle;
-7th A, 8th A, 9th A, or 10th A if the individual has attended the middle school cycle (secondaire 1er cycle, college);
-11th A, 12th A or 13th A if the individual has attended the upper/high school cycle (secondaire 2ème cycle, lycée);
-1st A, 2nd A, 3rd A, if the individual has attended vocational [school] type A or B;
-1st A, 2nd A, 3rd A, 4th A, 5th A, 6th A, 7th A, 8th A, 9th A, 10th A if the individual has attended a university or higher education establishment.

Note: For the last year of high school (la terminale), write "13th A." Remember that studies carried out in Koranic schools should not be dealt with here; rather full-fledged teaching establishments. Use the classification of cycles and years used in general or vocational teaching to gather the corresponding information for people who have studied in or are studying in an Arabic school.

top
Guinea 2014 — source variable GN2014A_EDATTAIN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
III. Individual characteristics

Residents of 3 years or more
[Questions P16- P21 were asked of resident persons aged 3 years or older.]

P18. Level of education
[The respondents are resident persons aged 3 years or older who ever attended school.]

What is the level of education of [the respondent]?

Enter the appropriate code.

[] 0 Pre-school
[] 1 Primary
[] 2 Junior high
[] 3 High school
[] 4 Professional / technical
[] 5 University

P19. Class
[The respondents are resident persons aged 3 years or older who ever attended school.]

What was the last grade completed by [the respondent]? _ _

top
Haiti 1971 — source variable HT1971A_EDATTAN — Highest level of instruction achieved and number of completed years within that level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 12 to 14 are asked to persons 5 years old and over]


13. Highest level of schooling completed
Write here the level of education: None, Literacy classes, Primary school, Secondary school, Technical, University, Teacher-training school

[] 0 None
[] 1 Literacy classes
[] 2 Primary
[] 3 Secondary
[] 4 Technical
[] 5 Higher education
[] 6 University

Indicate if the education level is complete or incomplete. Choose the highest class achieved within the education level
[] 0 Complete
[] 1 Incomplete

[] 0
[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C) Questions 12-14 Education

[Questions 12 to 14 are asked to persons 5 years old and over]


Column 13

a) Highest level of schooling completed. Indicate the type of education by writing an 'x' in the box corresponding to the answer you are given. The options are: none, literacy center, primary, secondary, technical, university, higher education.

None means that the person has never attended school, or any literacy center.

Literacy Center: (alph) includes all centers of this type, whether government or private, such as ONEC centers [Office National d'Education Communautaire], ONAAC centers [Office National d'Alphabétisation et d'Action Communautaire], evening programs for the illiterate

pg 32

affiliated with the Ministry of National Education, the municipality or another body, and even including the schools themselves created or operating due to volunteer work by individuals, etc.

Primary (Prim) or Secondary (Sec): All schools fitting the classic organizational description as defined by the National Education Department.

Technical (Tech): Includes all establishments whose goal is to prepare students to enter a specific trade or profession directly.

An example would the J. B. Damier School in Port au Prince; provincial farm-schools The Arts and Trades Center [Centre des Arts et Métiers]; teaching schools and rural teaching schools; commercial schools: accounting, secretarial, cosmetology; nursing schools, and medical technology schools

University (Univ): Includes all the colleges and faculties of the Sate University of Haiti, such as the College of Law and Economics; The Colleges of Medicine, Ethnology, Agronomy, Dentistry, Arts and Teaching, and the Colleges in the sciences.

Schools of Higher Education (E.S.) Includes all private or public schools providing classes at an advanced academic level, such as the free law schools [Ecoles Libres de Droit] in the provinces, and the schools educating engineers, economists and statisticians.

Indicate if the education is complete by marking an 'x' in the box corresponding to 'C', or incomplete by marking an 'x' in the box marked 'I'.

Then check off the highest class completed in the type of education indicated.

[page 33]

[Example on top of page 33 is omitted.]

Please note: Before indicating the number corresponding to the class, refer to the correspondence table in Appendix II in this instruction manual.


top
Haiti 1982 — source variable HT1982A_EDATTAN — Educational level attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Educational characteristics
For persons 6 years and older.
[Questions 10-16 were asked of persons 6 years of age and older.]


16. Highest level achieved: What is the last class (last year) that this person attended?

Class (or year) ____
[] 1 None
[] 2 Primary
[] 3 Secondary
[] 4 High school (Normale)
[] 5 University, higher education
[] 6 Technical or professional

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C) Education
[Questions 10-16.]
71. Questions relating to education are only asked of people 6 years old or more. For all people less than 6 years old, the interrogation stops at question 9.


Question 16: Level attained
77. Record the last class or the last year of studies accomplished at the highest level in which the person succeeded in the educational system.
Then specify the level by checking one of the corresponding boxes among the levels of which the educational system in the country is made up.
Consult the chart which has been provided for you in order to fill out this part of the questionnaire.


top
Haiti 2003 — source variable HT2003A_YREDUC — Year completed or class for completed level of education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
F2. Population aged 5 and older
[Questions F2.13 through F2.20 were asked for persons 5 years of age and older.]


16. What is the last year or class finished at this level? ____


top
Honduras 1961 — source variable HN1961A_EDATTAIN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Education

For persons 5 years of age and older
[Questions 8-10 were asked of people aged 5 years or older]

10. Last year completed
[Write the] Year in numbers followed by "P" for primary, "S" for secondary, or "U" for university. Example: 3 P, 2 S, 5 U

________
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Educational characteristics
This section comprises questions 8, 9, and 10, and those questions should be asked to persons aged 5 years or older.

Column number 10: Last year completed
With this information, it is desired to know the educational level of the population and it is necessary that the enumerator pay special attention [to the occupant].

For the persons who have never attended school and for those who attended but did have not complete even their first year of study, a dash (-) is written down.

For the rest of the population, the number of the last year completed is written down, followed by a letter "P" for primary, "S" for secondary, or "U" for university.

[p. 21]

Some faculties in our [Honduran] University have a preparatory course. For those university students who have passed preparatory but who have not entered the first year of university studies, the annotation is "PU", which means University Preparatory.

The annotation will be as follows: 3P, 2S, 1PU, and 4U; meaning third year in primary, second year in secondary, first year in university preparatory, and fourth year in university.

Studies in the Vocational Technical Institute, School of Arts and Trades, Industrial Arts School, School of Fine Arts, and similar are considered to be secondary education.

Be careful when interviewing current students. The question refers to the last year completed and not to the current year of study. E.g. for a child attending the third year of primary, "2P" is written down since the last year completed is second.

For the child attending the first year of primary, a dash (-) is recorded since no studies have been completed.

For the person attending the first year of secondary, "6P" is recorded since the last year completed is the sixth grade in primary.

For those in their first year at the university, ask if they attended the preparatory course, if this is the case, 1PU is recorded. Otherwise, write 5S since the last year completed is the fifth grade in secondary.


top
Honduras 1974 — source variable HN1974A_EDATTAIN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
B. - Educational Characteristics

(For all individuals 6 years of age and older)

11. What is the last grade or year completed in primary, secondary or post-secondary school?

Mark the answers according to page 35 of your manual

[] 00 None
____ 1 Primary
____ 2 Secondary
____ 3 Post-secondary
[] 99 Unknown
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
B) Educational Characteristics (Only for persons aged six and older)

Questions 10-13 refer to the level of literacy and years of study the enumerated person has completed or is completing. For this reason, only ask person aged six and older these questions.

The purpose of these questions is to discover the level of education of the population in relation to its demographic, economic and social characteristics.

Question set 11: Level of education
What was the last grade or year in primary or secondary school, or higher education, that you/the person successfully completed?

Note that two pieces of information are required here: a) The highest level of education; and b) The last year successfully completed at that level.

[p. 36]

The normal educational system in Guatemala has several levels: a) Primary; b) Secondary; c) Higher education

The following definitions will help you categorize the population correctly according to the above.

Primary Education. This education is intended to provide the basic elements of instruction. (grades 1-6).

Secondary Education. The purpose of this level is to provide general, or specialized, or both, types of education. The minimum requirement for students to be admitted is completion of primary education. This level of education is currently divided into basic [junior high] and high school.

Higher Education. This is instruction provided in universities and higher-level technical institutions. The minimum requirement for students to be admitted is completion of secondary education.

The form provides several boxes for recording the respondent's answer.

The "None" box, 00, is for those who have not passed any grade or are illiterate.

The spaces after the various levels of instruction, "Primary 1___," Secondary 2___," and Higher Education 3___" are for recording the highest grade or year passed.

Box 99, "Unknown," is provided for cases where the respondent is unable to provide information about a family member. For example:

a) If a person passed the third year of primary school, write 3 after "Primary 1" (Primary 1 3).
[p. 37]
b) If a person says that he/she has passed the first year of high school, find out if it was under the new system in which case write Secondary 2 4. If it was under the old system write Secondary 2 1. Do the same for all branches of secondary.

c) If a person says s/he has passed the university preparation course (CUEG) write Higher Education 3 P.

d) Remember to ask for the last grade passed and not the grade being attended.

If the person is attending the university preparation course (CUEG) write Higher Education 2 5 or 6 according to the last grade studied in secondary school

top
Honduras 1988 — source variable HN1988A_EDATTAIN — Highest educational level completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
B. Educational characteristics


11. What is the highest level of studies that you have studied or completed?

[] 1 None
[] 2 Literacy center
[] 3 Pre-primary
(For responses 1-3, skip to question 15)
[] 4 Primary
[] 5 Secondary
[] 6 Post-secondary non-university
[] 7 Post-secondary university


12. What is the highest grade you completed?

____


13. Did you complete this level?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


14. To what educational level did the last year completed belong?

(Write the most important one)

____ _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
B. Educational characteristics

11. What is the highest level of study that you have studied or completed?
If the answer corresponds to one of the first three levels (none, literacy center, or pre-primary), the enumerator will skip to question 15.

If the answer is among the alternatives 4, 5, 6, or 7, the corresponding mark is made and the enumerator will proceed to the following question.

Reminder: Post-secondary non-tertiary education takes place after secondary (middle education) but is not at the tertiary level. E.g.: studies in the Teaching School, Pan American Agricultural School of Zamoran, National Agricultural School of Olancho.

12. What is the highest grade you completed?
This refers to the last year completed in the level of studies corresponding to the previous question and not the current year or semester of studies.

[These instructions refer to an illustration of the concept "last year completed"]


top
Honduras 2001 — source variable HN2001A_EDATTAIN — Educational level and year attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section F. Characteristics of the persons

For persons 5 years old or more
[Questions 6-11 were asked of persons aged 5 years or older.]

9. What is the last grade, course, or year that [the person] passed?

1. None
[] Grade 0
2. Literacy courses
[] Grade 1
[] Grade 2
[] Grade 3
3. Pre-school
[] Grade 1
[] Grade 2
[] Grade 3
(If the answer is any of the above, continue to Question 12)
4. Primary
[] Grade 1
[] Grade 2
[] Grade 3
[] Grade 4
[] Grade 5
[] Grade 6
[] Grade 7
[] Grade 8
[] Grade 9
5. Secondary, Common Cycle
[] Grade 1
[] Grade 2
[] Grade 3
6. Secondary school, Diversified Cycle
[] Grade 1
[] Grade 2
[] Grade 3
[] Grade 4
7. Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary
[] Grade 1
[] Grade 2
[] Grade 3
[] Grade 4
8. Undergraduate Studies
[] Grade 1
[] Grade 2
[] Grade 3
[] Grade 4
[] Grade 5
[] Grade 6
[] Grade 7
[] Grade 8
9. Graduate Studies
[] Grade 1
[] Grade 2
[] Grade 3
[] Grade 4
[] Grade 5
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
For persons five years old or more
[Questions 6-11 were asked of persons aged 5 years or older]

Question 9: What is the last grade, course, or year that you passed?
Enclose in a circle the number of the highest level of study that he or she studied, then in the numbers located to the right of this level, enclose in a circle the number that corresponds to the last grade, course or year that he or she passed.

For persons who are in first grade of elementary school, the answer that should be noted after asking if he or she complete the level of pre-school, is like this: circle the 3 of pre-school and the respective year; if the answer is 'no', circle the 1 of 'none'.

For the persons who are initiating the level of literacy training or pre-school, then you would register the level 1 'none'.

To register the answer you should consider that:

1. None: This will be marked for all persons who have not passed any grade.

2. Literacy training program: This level is generally attended by adults to acquire basic knowledge of writing and reading. This level is also known as continuous education.

3. Pre-school: This level includes the children who attend pre-kindergarten, kindergarten or kinder for children and preparatory for elementary school.
[p. 49]
4. Elementary: This is the school for elementary education, which consists of six grades. However, in this level you can also find educational centers that have up to nine grades and that are known as basic education.

5. Common secondary: This level is known as 'common cycle of general education' or 'basic plan' and consists of three levels.

6. Diversified secondary: This high school level is made up of the branches of basic mercantile and public accounting, elementary teacher training, baccalaureate in sciences and letters, technical baccalaureate in computation, baccalaureate in business administration, etc. Also included here are persons who studied or are studying in a private technical or polyvalent school.

7. Post-secondary non-tertiary: This level includes the persons who graduated or are students in the National School of Agriculture [ENA by its initials in Spanish] of Catacamas, the National School of Forestry Sciences [ESNACIFOR by its initials in Spanish] of Siguatepeque, The Pan-American Agricultural School [Zamorano], military academies, police schools, upper seminary "Our Lady of Suyapa", Center for Architectural Design and Construction "CEDAC", etc. This category also includes persons who graduated from what was previously the Upper School of Teaching Francisco Morazán and the Social Service School.

8. Tertiary: This is comprised of the public universities and all of the private universities of Honduras and other countries.

9. Post-graduate: In this level, you should include all of the persons who have obtained a doctorate, postgraduate, master's degree or specialty; and the persons who have obtained a licentiate and are currently studying a post-graduate degree, a specialty, a master's degree or a doctorate. Do not include those with diplomas.

top
Hungary 1980 — source variable HU1980A_EDATTAN — Highest educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
11. Educational level

Only for those born before 1973.

a) Type of school
[] Primary school
[] Higher primary school
[] Apprentice school
[] Vocational school
[] Secondary school
[] Third-level school
b) Class (year) completed ____

c) School completed ____
[] 19 _ _ 0 Skilled worker's certificate
[] 19 _ _ 1 Vocational school diploma
[] 19 _ _ 2, 3 Secondary school-leaving certificate qualifying certificate
[] 19 _ _ 4-9 Diploma, leaving certificate
d) Year of obtaining the certificate 19 _ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
11. Educational attainment

The number of the completed grade in each of the types of schools listed in sub-question 11/a will be entered into the quads in sub-question 11/b and the qualification obtained will be underlined at sub-question 11/c. The educational attainment should be enumerated according to the prevailing educational system.

Qualifications obtained at specialized courses must not be entered. The former statement does not valid in cases of specialized courses if the respective legislation is specifying that by taking some state exams the given qualification will be equivalent with a completed secondary or higher education. To accept i.e. to enter the answer to questions 11 and 12 is possible only if all the required exams had been taken by the respondent.

11/b Class (grade) completed

The completed grade is the one which might be confirmed by a certificate. In case the respondent had visited several schools of the same type the classes completed must not be summarized but the highest grade completed should be marked. In case a person born before 1973 did not attend school or at the reference date of the census is at the first grade of the primary school "0" will be entered into the quad at inscription "general, primary" and the other quads remain empty. In each of the cases after the last completed year "0" is entered and the following quads remain blank.

Schools for mentally defective persons are treated as general (primary) schools.


top
Hungary 1990 — source variable HU1990A_EDATTAN — Highest educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

13. Education level:
If you completed any of the 1-4 forms of the grammar school or 8 forms before 1950, enter it to the number of forms of higher elementary school. Several replies may be given.

[] Attended no school
[] Form(s) of primary (elementary) school [specify number of forms]: ____
[] Form(s) of higher elementary school [specify number of forms]: ____
[] Certificate of skilled worker got at the day section of an apprentice school in the year 19 _ _
[] Certificate at the day section of a vocational school in the year 19 _ _
[] Secondary school leaving certificate, certificate of qualification
[] Certificate of higher school of non-university level
[] University certificate, diploma

Question 13.

For each person the highest grade reached in the primary (general) school and in the higher elementary school, respectively, should be registered. Further on, only those completed qualifications can be indicated which were obtained within the formal education system. Completed educational attainments are the following:
  • A certificate obtained upon the conclusion of full-time studies in an apprentice school,
  • A certificate obtained upon the conclusion of full-time studies in a vocational school,
  • The secondary school final exam certificate obtained in a grammar school or other secondary school; furthermore, the secondary school leaving certificates which were issued between 1974 and 1986,
  • A diploma or certificate obtained at a university, college or other third-level educational institution.
The following cannot be taken into consideration: qualifications given after a training-course, certificate of apprentice or vocational school obtained within the frame of adult education, specializations obtained at a third-level educational institutions after graduation (specializations in medicine, engineering, law etc.).

Certificates obtained in the Marxism-Leninism evening school can only be accepted in cases when the certificate is about specialization (equivalent to the diploma of non-university third-level education) and issued between 1958-1982.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
13. Educational attainment

The aim of the interrogation is to acquire information on the level of schooling of the population. Therefore the types of schools and the classes, grades completed and the qualifications obtained in other types of schools not listed in the questionnaire must not be recorded. The answer "without completed school (00)" is marked for persons who did not even complete the general (primary) school, irrespective of their illiteracy.

The highest education i.e. the highest grade completed (also in case of the students) in the general (primary) school must be registered in the respective boxes, while the other institutions of the official school system the marking is necessary if the person has completed studies.

The completed studies abroad should be classified according to the Hungarian system, qualifications obtainable.

The different types of schools are the following
[Comment of the translator: quite many of the school types refer to educational systems that no longer apply. The names of the institutions might seem not familiar for the experts in the (traditional) classification of the educational institutions]:

The general (primary) school includes -- with the exemption of schools for extensive training -- each educational institution of elementary training, popular school, schools for back warded pupils and the so called "civilian school", as well as the first four years of the grammar school of 8 grades.

[p. 11]

The boxes at the "civilian school" can be used only if persons born before 1935.

The educational attainment, i.e. the grades completed must not be converted into the present educational system, e.g. in case a persons completed the 4th class of the "civilian school" "4" should be marked in the respective box.

While answering the further questions only the completed studies will be marked. The following items are regarded as completed studies:

-- Certificate of profession obtained on the day course of the school for training skilled laborers (former apprentice schools);

-- The certificate of profession obtained on the day course of the former course as well as the examinations on professional qualification;

-- The General Certificate of Education obtained in a grammar school or other secondary school as well as the final certificate on completion of the secondary school in the years from 1974 to 1986;

-- The certificate, diploma obtained by completing the studies in a university or other higher educational institution.

The manual further gives a detailed list on the educational institutions of secondary and high level education, the translation of the individual items seems not necessary.

The following qualifications must not taken into account even in case those have been obtained in an educational institution of the regular school system: certificates obtained in course raining, certificate of profession obtained within the adult training, certificate on completing the grades of higher educational institutions, special exams passed in postgraduate training (e.g. specialized physician, specialized engineer, judge, etc.).


top
India 1983 — source variable IN1983A_EDUCYRS — Number of years of formal education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

11. Number of years of formal education (in years): _____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.4.1.0 Block 4.1 : demographic and current activity particulars during the week :
This block is meant for recording the demographic and the current activity status particulars of all the normal members of the household. Besides that, the information as to whether the household members are to be considered migrants according to certain laid down criterion will also be collected in this block.


5.4.1.10 Column (11): number of years of formal education:
The number of years a person has to attend on educational institution to pass a class, level or grade of education -- both general and technical -- excluding the number of years spent in pre-primary education (below standard one) will be recorded for each member rounded off to the nearest integer. Thus, for a person who is either studying in class XI has failed in class XI and has discontinued the education thereafter, the entry will be '10'. Similarly for a person studying say, in the second year of the degree course, the number of years to be recorded will be '13' (10+2+1) or for a person who has completed 9 months' technical education after passing class XII, the entry will be '13'. For those who pursued the old system of education, the number of years required would have to be worked out in the same manner. It may, however, be noted that the years spent for a person's attending some level or grade of education through correspondence course or through private study and passing out the level or grade as private or external candidate will not be counted for recording the 'number of years of formal education'. For example, if a person has passed class XII through attending an educational institution and then completed his graduation and post-graduation as a private candidate the 'number of years' to be recorded will only be 12.


top
Indonesia 1976 — source variable ID1976A_EDATTAN — Highest grade attending/attended
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
A8-9. Education


A8. Are you still in school?

[] Y Yes
[] T No


A9a. What level of school are you currently attending?

If A8 = code Y
[Question A9a was asked of persons still in school, per question A8.]

____


A9b. What level of school did you last attend?
If A9 = code T
[Question A9b was asked of persons not in school, per question A8.]

[] 1 Never attended school
[] 2 Elementary school
[] 3 Junior high - general
[] 4 Junior high - vocational
[] 5 Senior high - general
[] 6 Senior high - vocational
[] 7 Academy
[] 8 University

If ever/currently attending school, write in number of highest class ever/currently attended. If completed, write in code 8.
[Question asked of persons ever/currently attending school]
[Highest class]: _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column (5), (6), (7) Education


Column (6) Present/last school attended

Concept and definitions
What is intended here is as school attendance is studying in a particular public or private school and not just taking courses.

1. No schooling/not yet in school

2. Elementary school for 5/6 years or equivalent, for example Ibtidaiyah

3. Secondary general school
S.L.P. Umum, S.M.P, Madrasah Tsanawiyah, H.B.S. 3 years, M.U.L.O. etc.

4. Secondary vocational school
S.L.P. Kejuruan; S.G.B., S.K.P., S.T., SMEP, PGA, etc.

5. Senior general high school
S.L.A. Umum, S.M.A., Madrasah Aliyah, MBS 5 year, AMS, etc.

6. Senior vocational high school
S.L.A. Kejuruan, S.G.A., S.G.K.P., S.G.T.K., S.T.M., S.M.E.A., S.K.M.A., S.P.M.A., etc.

7. Academy, for example; A.P.I, A.I.P., A.B.A., Academy Koperasi, etc.

8. University.
University/faculty or college; for example: Fakultas Kedokteran (medical school), Fakultas Ekonomi (school of economics), Fakultas Hukum (law school), Fakulas Publistlk (school of communications), P.T.I.K. (police academy), P.T.H.M. (college of military law), etc.


Method of filling in the form:
If the code in column (5) is "Y", this means the person is still attending school. Ask the following question: "What school are you attending now?"

Fill in the code for the respondent's answer, and then ask which class or level and then fill in column (6).

If the code in column (5) is "T" (not attending school), then ask:
"What is the highest level of school you ever attended?"
"And what was the highest grade/class attended?"

Fill in the school code in column (6) and grade/class attended in column (7). If the respondent graduated from the school mentioned in column (6), then enter code 8 in column (7).

top
Indonesia 1980 — source variable ID1980A_EDUCATT — Highest grade attended/attending in highest type of school attended
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

21. Highest grade attended/attending
[Question 21 was asked of persons who have ever attended school, as per question 19.]

[] 0
[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8 (completed)


top
Indonesia 1985 — source variable ID1985A_EDATTEND — Highest grade attending/attended
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
VII. B. Persons age 5 or older
[Questions 1-6 were asked of persons age 5 or older]


Q.3 Type of highest education ever or being attended

[] 1 Primary school
[] 2 Junior high
[] 3 Vocational junior high school
[] 4 High school
[] 5 Vocational high school
[] 6 Diploma I/II
[] 7 Academy/Diploma III
[] 8 University


Q.4 Highest level/class ever or being attended

[] 1 Class 1
[] 2 Class 2
[] 3 Class 3
[] 4 Class 4
[] 5 Class 5
[] 6 Class 6
[] 7 Class 7
[] 8 Completed

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

X. Information on household members

A. Block VII: General information on household members
1. The objective of this block is to record information on items such as sex, age, schooling status, and activities conducted during the past week for every household member, starting with the member with serial number "01" and continuing to the last household member.

2. Method of filling out the form
Circle one of the codes corresponding to the respondent's answer, and then write the code in the box on the right.


C. Block VII.B: Persons age 5 or older


Question 3: Highest educational level ever attended
The highest educational level ever attended is the highest level of schooling [primary, junior high school, etc.] that the respondent ever attended or is currently attending regardless of whether that level has been completed or not.

Example:

1. Someone has completed high school and at the time of the enumeration is attending the Banking Academy, level II; the highest educational level ever attended is academy.
2. Someone has completed high school and at the time of the enumeration is not attending any school; the highest educational level ever attended is high school.
3. Someone has completed high school and at the time of the enumeration is attending a diploma I/II program; the highest educational level ever attended is diploma I/II.
4. Someone has completed high school and at the time of the enumeration is attending a diploma II program; the highest educational level ever attended is diploma I/II.
5. Someone has completed high school and at the time of the enumeration is attending a diploma III program; the highest educational level ever attended is academy/diploma III.
6. Someone has completed high school and at the time of the enumeration is attending a diploma IV program; the highest educational level ever attended is university/diploma IV.


Question 4: Highest grade/class ever attended/currently attended
If the respondent has completed the highest class of the highest educational level ever attended circle code "8".

Explanation:
a. Those who completed primary, junior high school or high school, circle code "8".

[pg. 56]

b. Those who completed a bachelor's degree and are now studying in a master degree program, circle code "6".
c. Those who completed a bachelor's degree and are now studying in a doctoral program (Ph.D.), circle code "7".
d. Those who are currently obtaining a diploma I program, circle code "1". If the person has completed the program, circle code "8".
e. Those who are currently obtaining a diploma II program, circle code "2". If the person has completed the program, circle code "8".

Note:
For the person who is currently attending a program at a university that uses the credit system (semester credit unit), information about grade/class attended can be obtained by asking the additional question as follows: "How many credits have you obtained up to the present time?"
As a guide, use the following:

  • Level I: up to 30 credits; Level II: up to 60 credits; Level III: up to 90 credits; Level IV: up to 120 credits; Level V: up to 150 credits

If the respondent has 57 credits, then he/she is currently in class/level II.

top
Indonesia 1990 — source variable ID1990A_EDATTEND — Highest grade/level attended or currently attending
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VI-A: All ages
[Questions 1-13.]


VI-B. Persons age 5 or older
[Questions 14-23.]


15. School status

[] 1 No school (skip to question 20)
[] 2 In school
[] 3 No longer in school


16. Highest education ever or currently attending

[Question 16 was asked of persons age 5 or older who have ever attended school, as per question 15.]

[] 1 Primary school
[] 2 Junior high school
[] 3 Senior high school
[] 4 Vocational junior
[] 5 Vocational senior
[] 6 Diploma I/II
[] 7 Academy/Diploma III
[] 8 University/Diploma IV


17. Level/grade of education ever attended

[Question 17 was asked of persons age 5 or older who have ever attended school, as per question 15.]

[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8 (completed)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

B. Sub Block VIb. For respondents age 5 or older


Question 15: School status
School status shall be as follows:

Never attended school: are those who never attended school, including those who have passed or never passed kindergarten and did not continue to elementary school.
Attending school are those who are still attending a formal school, starting from elementary, secondary or high school/equivalent.
No longer attending school are those who have attended elementary school, secondary or high school but during the enumeration are no longer attending a school.

If the answer in question 15 is coded 1 ("Never attended school"), continue to question 20. Leave questions 16 through 19 blank. If the answer is 2 or 3, then continue to question16.


Question 17: Highest year/grade ever attained/currently attending
Graduated is: has completed studies from a class/highest level of a school/education level and received a certificate/diploma either from a state or private school. A person who has not attended classes from a highest level of a school but has followed an examination and passed, is considered to be a graduate.
Explanation:

a. A person who has graduated from any formal education level is coded 8 ("Graduated").
b. A person who is attending a master program is coded 6
c. A person who is attending a doctoral program is coded 7
d. A person who is attending a Diploma I program is coded 1; if he/she has graduated, he/she is coded 8
e. A person who is attending the first year of a Diploma II program is coded 1; if he/she has graduated, he/she is coded 8

Note
For those who attend a university that uses the Credit Point System, information on the level/class that is currently attended can be obtained by asking extra questions as follows: "How many credit points have you achieved?" As guidance, a year is valued at 30 credits, so in order to determine how many levels/classes have been passed, please use the following conversion guide:
Total credit points achieved attending level/class:
0-30 credits = 1
31-60 credits = 2
61-90 credits = 3
91-120 credits = 4
121+ credits = 5

Example: if 57 credit points have been reached, then the respondent is in grade 2.

top
Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_EDUCATT — Highest education level attended/attending
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

V. Characteristics of individual household members


[Questions 517-519 were asked of persons age 5 or older who have ever attended school, as per question 516.]


517. Highest level of education attended/attending

[] 1 Primary school
[] 2 General junior high school
[] 3 General senior high school
[] 4 Vocational junior high school
[] 5 Vocational senior high school
[] 6 Diploma I/II
[] 7 Academy/diploma III
[] 8 University/diploma IV


518. Highest grade attended/attending

[] 1 1
[] 2 2
[] 3 3
[] 4 4
[] 5 5
[] 6 6
[] 7 7
[] 8 Completed

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6.5 Block V. General characteristics of household members
This block is used to record personal characteristics such as sex, age, mobility of living, attained education, school participation and the daily language used by each household members, starting from the first serial number of the household member until the last one.


Question 517: Highest education level ever attained/current education level
The highest education level that is ever attained is the education level that has ever been reached by someone who is no longer in school/the current education level of a person who is now attending school.

Example:
1. Syamsudin has passed a public high school, and during enumeration he was studying at the 2nd year of a Bank Academy so the highest education level that is currently attended is "Academy/Diploma III".
2. Cecep has passed a public high school, but during enumeration he was no longer attending a school, so the highest education level attained is "High school".
3. Ujang has passed a public high school and has followed a Diploma I program, so the highest education level attained is "Diploma I".
4. Djamil is now studying at the University of Halu Oleo so the highest education level that is currently attended is "University/Diploma IV".
5. Ir. Hasan is now studying at the University of Gajah Mada for his master's program so the highest education level that is currently attended is "University/Diploma IV".
6. Mardani, M. A. is now studying at the University of Sebelas Maret for her doctoral program so the highest education level that is currently attended is "University/Diploma IV".
7. Wati is an undergraduate student from the Faculty of Technics University of Hasanuddin and now is studying at the Bank of Indonesia Academy so the highest education level that is currently attended is "Academy/Diploma III".


Question 518: Highest year/grade that has ever been attained/currently attended
Ask the highest year/grade that has ever been attained/currently attended, then circle the appropriate code.

Note:
1. A person who is attending a Master's program is coded 6 [University/Diploma IV]
2. A person who is attending a doctoral program is coded 7 [University/Diploma IV]
3. A person who is attending a Diploma I program is coded 1 and if has graduated code it 8
4. A person who is attending the first year of a Diploma II program is coded 1 and if has graduated, code it 8
5. A person who graduated from any formal education and did not continue afterward, code it 8 (graduated).

Graduated is: having completed studies from a class/highest level of a school/education level and received a certificate/diploma either from a state or private school. A person who has not attended classes from the highest level of a school but has followed an examination and passed is considered to have graduated.

Note:
1. For those who have/are attending a university that uses the Credit Point System, information on the level/class that is currently attended can be obtained by asking extra questions as follows: "How many Credit Points have you achieved?" As guidance, a year is valued as 30 credits, so in order to determine how many levels/class that have been achieved, please use the following conversion guide:

Total credit points achieved -- attending level/class

20 credits -- 1
31-60 credits -- 2


[p.51]

61-90 credits -- 3
91-120 credits -- 4
121+ -- 5


2. A person who is following a transfer program from an academy/diploma III to a university with the level being determined by the total credit points that have been converted, added on to the points achieved at the university.

3. In a study group package, the equivalent grade/class to elementary school is as follows:

Current type of package/has attended -- equivalent grade
A1-A20 -- 1
A21-A40 -- 2
A41-A60 -- 3
A61-A80 -- 4
A81-A100 -- 5


A person who completed an A100 program but has not achieved an equivalent elementary school certificate is categorized as has completed the 5th grade, but is categorized as graduated elementary school if [he/she] achieved an equivalent certificate of elementary school.

top
Indonesia 2005 — source variable ID2005A_EDUCATT — Highest grade attending/attended
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 617 - 619 were asked of persons age 5 or older who are "Attending school" or "Not attending school any more", as per question 616.]


617. What is your completed highest level of education; or, what education level do you currently attend?

[] 1 Primary school
[] 2 Junior high school
[] 3 Senior high school
[] 4 Vocational senior high school
[] 5 Diploma I/II
[] 6 Diploma III/bachelor
[] 7 Diploma IV/undergraduate
[] 8 Postgraduate


618. What is your highest grade of attended/attending education? (Completed = 7)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

7.7.2 Block VI.B. Household members age 5 or older
[Questions Q611 through Q625 are asked only to members of the household age 5 or older]


Question 617: Highest level of education ever attended/currently attending
Use codes 1 through 8 for highest level of education ever attended/currently attending which is the highest level of education the respondent ever attended regardless of whether he/she is currently attending school or is no longer attending school.

Elementary school/Madrasah ibtidaiyah is basic level education of 5/6/7 years or equivalent (including basic level of special schools for disabled children, schools organized and managed by society, parents, and teachers).

[p. 101]

Junior high school/Madrasah tsanawiyah or equivalent/vocational is a junior level of basic level education either general or vocational, Madrasah Tsanawiyah or equivalent [MULO, HBS 3 year, special schools for children with disabilities at junior high school level, home economics school for Girls (SKP), economics junior high school (SMEP), technical junior high school (ST), family welfare junior high school (SKKP), vocational skill junior high school, farm management junior high school, agricultural junior high school, teacher's aide school (SGB), school for Islamic educators (PGA), public administration Courses (KPA), school for religious court staff].

General senior high school/Madrasah aliyah or equivalent is an intermediate level general education (SMU), Madrasah aliyah or equivalent (HBS 5 year, AMS, and public administration senior level courses (KPAA)).

Vocational high school is vocational education at the level of senior high school such as social work senior high school (SMPS), senior high school for craft industry, fine arts senior high school, senior high school of Indonesian dance (SMKI), senior high school of music, technology for development senior high school, economics senior high school (SMEA), technical senior high school (STM), agricultural technology senior high school, shipping technology senior high school, mining technology senior high school, graphic arts senior high school, physical education senior high school (SGO), teachers for special schools for children with disabilities (SGPLB), high school for Islamic educators 6 years, school for kindergarten teachers, teacher training courses (KPG), chemistry analysis high school (SMAK), school for pharmacists' assistants (SAA), school for mid-wives, school for radiology assistants.

Diploma I/II are diploma programs at an institution of higher learning for a formal education of one or two years.

Diploma III/Sarmud is a diploma program at an institution of higher learning for a formal education of three years to obtain a three-year diploma or a three-year degree (Sarjana muda). For example, Indonesian music academy, Indonesian dance academy, foreign languages academy, business management academy, chemical analyst academy, meteorology and geophysics academy.

[p. 102]

Diploma IV/S1 is a diploma program at an institution of higher learning for a formal education of four years or a bachelor's degree. The Akta IV Program is equivalent to the Diploma IV level.

S2 and S3 are post-graduate education programs (master or doctoral), specialist 1 or 2 at an institution of higher learning.


Question 618: Highest grade/class ever attended/currently attending
Use codes 1 through 7.
Explanation:
a. Those who completed the highest grade of the highest level of education attended are given code "7".
b. Those who are currently attending/have ever attended post-graduate courses for the master degree program (S2) or doctoral degree program (S3) are given code "6".
c. Those who are currently attending/have ever attended the highest grade at the graduate program S1 are given code "5".


"Completed school" means that a person has passed the final exam of the highest grade of the level of education in which he/she was enrolled either in the public or private sector and has obtained a diploma/certificate of completion. Someone who has not yet attended the highest grade of a particular level of education, but he/she has passed the final exam of that level of education is considered to have completed school.

Note: For those who are currently attending/have ever attended an education program at a university or college that uses the course credit system (SKS), the information about grade/class attended can be obtained by asking an additional question as follows: "How many credit hours have you completed?" The respondent's answer can be converted using the follow guidelines:
0 - 30 credits -- Level 1
31 - 60 credits -- Level 2
61 - 90 credits -- Level 3
91 - 120 credits -- Level 4
121 credits or more -- Level 5

Example:

[p. 103]

1. A person who is currently attending/has ever attended courses in a college or university and has completed 30, 31, and 65 credits should be coded as follows:
Number of credits completed: 30 credits
Level ever attended: 1
Level currently attending: 2

Number of credits completed: 31 credits
Level ever attended: 2
Level currently attending: 2

Number of credits completed: 65 credits
Level ever attended: 3
Level currently attending: 3


2. For someone who transfers from the academy/diploma program III to a university using a converted credit score, then the level is determined based on the converted credit score plus the credit hours obtained from the university.

top
Jamaica 1982 — source variable JM1982A_YRSCH — Years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section 4: Education
[All ages]


21. Highest level of educational attainment (including persons still at school):

a) Type of school/university:

[] None
[] Nursery infant
[] Primary
[] Secondary
[] University
[] Other
[] JAMAL (Jamaican Movement for the Advancement of Literacy)
[] Not stated

b) Years of schooling:

[] 0
[] 1-2
[] 3-4
[] 5-6
[] 7
[] 8
[] 9
[] 10
[] 11+
[] Not stated

c) Exam passed:

[] None
[] J.S.C. (5) or 3rd JLCL
[] G.C.E. (O) 3-4
[] G.C.E. (O) 5 S.C. OR G.C.E. (A) 1-2
[] G.C.E. (A) 3 or more or higher schooling
[] Dip
[] Degree
[] Other
[] Not stated

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 4 - Education

5.34 General
These questions are to be answered for every individual. For babies the answers to these questions will obviously be None or Not Applicable. This may also apply to very young children. Thus for children up to two years you need not ask the question at all but score in the appropriate boxes. For children over two years you should ask the question since it is possible that very young children, certainly from about three years old, are sometimes sent to school.


5.37 Question 21 - Highest Level of Educational Attainment
This question is divided into three parts and relates to the whole population. It therefore includes persons who are still attending school. It relates to education already received. In cases where the individual was educated abroad, try to determine the equivalent level to those identified in the questionnaire and score. For persons attending JAMAL classes, obtain the highest level attained before JAMAL, score JAMAL only if the person has not attended school before.


5.39 Question 21(b) - Years of Schooling

[Image omitted here]

Ask the question this way:
"How many years of schooling did you (he/her) have"?
Mark the appropriate number of years. For persons who have had no formal schooling or attended school for less than one year, score "0".


top
Jamaica 1991 — source variable JM1991A_YRSCHL — Years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section 5: Education
[All persons]

Interviewer
(i) For children under 4 years, mark "No" at question 5.1 and go to question 8.1
(ii) For persons over 50 years, mark "No" at question 5.1 and proceed from question 5.2 in relation to the last institution attended.
(iii) For persons between ages 30 and 50 years, say: "It is known that some people try to further their education as they get older" before asking question 5.1.
(iv) For all other persons, i.e. 4-29 years old, proceed directly to question 5.1.


5.5. How many years of schooling have you / has [the respondent] had? _ _

If not stated, record "99".

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 5 - Education

5.52 General
The aim of the section is to obtain information on the highest level of educational attainment among the entire population. Questions relate not just to current attendance but also to past attendance. As such, this section is relevant not only to school children but also to adults who may be furthering their education full-time or part-time.

You must pay close attention to the instruction on the questionnaire which precede the questions in this section.

5.53 For babies and young children not of school age, the question will obviously not be applicable. You should also be careful in the case of older persons who are not likely to be currently attending an educational institution, but for whom the questions on past attendance are applicable. It is recognized however, that adults do continue their education and the questions are therefore relevant.


5.60 Question 5.5 Years of Schooling
Record the total number of years of schooling that the person has had from infant school up to the highest level attained for persons who are attending school. For less than one year, score "01".


top
Jamaica 2001 — source variable JM2001A_YRSCHOOL — Years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 3.1 and 3.2 for persons age 4 and older]


3.2 How many years of schooling have you/has [the respondent] had?

[After this question,] if age under 14 years [old], end interview.

_ _
[] Not stated

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 3: Education and training
[Education questions for persons age 4 and older. Training questions for persons age 14 and older]

You will need to pay close attention to the instructions for this section, which combines questions on education and training. Questions 3.1 and 3.2 relate to education and should be asked of all persons age 4 and older. Questions 3.3 through 3.13 relate to training and are applicable to persons age 14 and older. Questions 3.3 through 3.7 relate to current training, while questions 3.8 through 3.13 relate to past training.


5.67 Question 3.2: Years of schooling

Record the total number of years of schooling that the person has had from age 4 years up to the highest level. For young children who are currently attending school for less than one year, score "01". For older persons who have never attended school or who attended for less than one year, score "00".


top
Kenya 1969 — source variable KE1969A_EDLEV — Education level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

h. Education: ____ _ _
(State highest standard or form completed.)


top
Kenya 1979 — source variable KE1979A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons


[If the person has been to school or is at school]

i. Education: ____

What was/is the highest class or form reached?

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

113. If the person has been to school or is at school, ask,
'What was or is the highest class or form he or she has reached?'

114. Enter, in column (h), the highest class or form the person has reached in the formal primary and secondary school system.

115. You may shorten 'standard' and 'form' by writing 'St, 4', 'F3', or as the case may be. If the person has attended University, or is doing so, write 'univ'. The census is not concerned with other post-secondary or vocational training, nor is it concerned with educational qualifications.

top
Kenya 1989 — source variable KE1989A_EDLEV — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B. Persons aged 6 years and over


P21. What is [the respondent's] highest level of education completed? (e.g., class, form, university) _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column P21- Level of education attained.

123. If the person has been to school or is at school, ask, 'what was or is the highest class or form he/she has completed?'

124. In column P21, code the highest class or form the person has completed in the formal primary and secondary school system (e.g., a person in form one will have completed std 8 and therefore should be coded as having completed std 8). Use the categories provided at the back of the front cover. Use code 03 if the person has completed 'standard' 3, code 11 for those who have completed 'form' one, etc.

125. If a person has sat for 'O' level or 'A' level Exams through correspondence courses - that is, the person has not gone to school to achieve these certificates - code his/her highest level of education according to the highest exam he/she has taken and passed (e.g., code 14 for 'O' level passed exams, etc.).

126. If the person has attended university but never completed or is currently attending under-graduate studies, use code 17. Use code 198 if the person has completed under-graduate studies and above.

127. Columns P30 to P33 contain questions pertaining to economic activities during the week preceding the census night. These questions should be asked of all persons age 10 and above.

top
Kenya 1999 — source variable KE1999A_EDCOMP — Education level completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B. Information regarding persons aged 5 years and above:

Education:


P-24. What is the highest level completed by [the respondent]? ____

Write the appropriate code using the categories shown inside the front cover. [Use] code 97 if P-22 = 3

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns P22, 23 and 24: Education

80. The questions on education are applicable to persons aged 5 years and over. They refer to full-time education at formal educational institutions i.e. pre-primary, primary, secondary, and university.

Column P23: Highest level of education reached

82. What is the highest level of education this person has reached? Code in column P23 the highest level of formal education the person has reached i.e. class, form, University, the person has reached. If a person reached standard 4 and dropped out of school before completing it, he/she should be coded "04", etc. Refer to the code list on the cover page of the questionnaire.

Column P24: Highest level of education completed

83. What is the highest class or form this person has completed? If a person was at school and left before completing standard 4 he/she should be coded as having completed standard 3 hence code "03". If a person is at school and is attending standard 4 he/she should be coded as having completed standard 3 hence code "03". Refer to the code list on the cover page of the questionnaire.

84. The simple rule here is that for all persons attending school this year the highest level completed should be one level lower than the highest level reached. And for persons not attending school this year the highest level completed may be the same as the Highest Level Reached or one level below it, but not greater.

85. For example: record the highest class or form the person has completed in the formal primary and secondary school system e.g. a person in form one will have completed standard 8 and therefore should be coded as having completed standard 8, while those who have completed form one should be coded "11 ".1

(a) If a person has sat for 'O' level or 'A' level exams, through correspondence courses etc., that is, the person has not gone to formal school to achieve these certificates, code his/her highest level of education according to the highest exam he/she has sat and passed e.g. code "14" for 'O' level passed exams etc.

(b) If the person has attended university but never completed or is currently attending under-graduate studies code "17": If the person has completed under-graduate and above, code "18".


top
Kenya 2009 — source variable KE2009A_EDATTAN — Highest education level completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

D: Information regarding persons aged 3 years and above
[Questions P-39 to P-41 were asked of all individuals age 3+.]


P-41. What is the highest standard/form/level completed by [person]? _ _

The code list is provided. Write "97" if P-39 equals 3 or 9.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

- Section D: Information regarding education status for persons aged 3 years old and above. This section covers columns p39 to p41. Questions on education shall be asked of all persons aged 3 years and above.


33.5 Column P41: Highest standard/form/level of education completed

Ask: What is the highest standard/form/level completed by [the respondent]?
If a person was at school in standard 4 and left before completing, he/she should be coded as having completed standard 3 hence code "3". If a person is at school and is attending standard 4, he/she should be coded as having completed standard 3 hence code "3". Refer to the code list provided. If P39=3 or 9 then write 97.

- The simple rule here is that for all persons attending school this year the highest level completed should be one level lower than the highest level reached and for persons not attending school during the year, the highest level completed may be the same as the highest level reached or one level below it, but not greater.
- For example: record the highest class or form the person has completed in the formal primary and secondary school system e.g. a person in form one will have completed standard 8 and therefore should be coded as having completed standard 8, while those who have completed form one should be coded "9".
- If a person has not gone to a formal school but has sat for KCPE/CPE or 'O' level or 'A' level exams, through correspondence or adult and continuing education classes code his/her highest level of education according to the highest exam he/she has sat and passed e.g. code "8" for KCPE exams passed or code "12" for 'O' level exams passed etc.
- If a person has attended youth polytechnic but never completed or is currently attending the youth polytechnic studies and he finished Std. 8 then code "8" or he finished Form 3 then code '11': If the person has completed the youth polytechnic studies then code "24".
- If a person has attended university but never completed or is currently attending undergraduate studies and his/her last level completed was Form 4 then code "12" and if his/her last level was Form 6, then code ''14'': If the person has completed undergraduate, then, code "18". If the person is attending a masters or a doctorate degree then his completed level is undergraduate, and code ''19''.


top
Laos 2005 — source variable LA2005A_EDATTAIN — Highest level of education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
C. For 6 years and above
[Questions 11-14 were asked of persons 6 years and older]

13. What is [the respondent]'s highest level of education?

Enter education code.

[] 1 No education
[] 11 Grade 1
[] 12 Grade 2
[] 13 Grade 3
[] 14 Grade 4
[] 15 Grade 5
[] 16 Grade 6
[] 21 Lower secondary 1
[] 22 Lower secondary 2
[] 23 Lower secondary 3
[] 31 Upper secondary 1
[] 32 Upper secondary 2
[] 33 Upper secondary 3
[] 99 Don't know
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section C: For persons aged 6 years and above
Section C deals with education questions. These questions shall be asked to all who is 6 years and above. For small children, less than 6 years of age, tick alternative "6" for question 11, and leave questions 12 -- 19 blank.

Question 13: What is [the respondent]'s highest level of education completed?
The purpose of this question is to establish the respondent's highest level of education completed. Make sure that all respondents understand that the question refers to completed education.
[pg. 22]
Enter code from code list. A list of the codes for highest level of education completed is shown in Appendix 3. The list of codes is also shown at the back of each questionnaire. For not known use code "99".
Check with question 4 for consistency, particularly for children. Probe, if discrepancies between the answers are found.


top
Lesotho 1996 — source variable LS1996A_EDATTAIN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section C. For all persons aged 5 years and over

17. What is (the respondent's) highest level of education completed?

[] 1 Standard 1
[] 2 Standard 2
[] 3 Standard 3
[] 4 Standard 4
[] 5 Standard 5
[] 6 Standard 6
[] 7 Standard 7
[] 11 Form 1
[] 12 Form 2
[] 13 Form 3
[] 14 Form 4
[] 15 Form 5
[] 20 Diploma/ Certificate after primary
[] 21 Vocational training after primary
[] 22 Diploma/ Certificate after secondary
[] 23 Vocational after secondary
[] 24 Diploma/ Certificate after High School
[] 25 Vocational after High School
[] 26 Graduate/ Post Graduate
[] 99 Don't know
[] Other, Specify ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
3. Part C of the questionnaire

123. Column 17: If ever attended school give highest standard passed.
Give highest qualification held, even if obtained through part-time education, using the code from the list provided. Make sure that Code NA is for persons who either never attended school, or are too young, or are attending/attended school but have not passed standard 1, or are attending school but are under the age of 5 years even if they have passed standard 1.

Code 01 for persons who have passed standard 1; 02 for persons who have passed standard 2 etc.;
Code 07 for those who passed old standard 6 and latest standard 7 (refer to conversion table in paragraph 124).

For persons who have passed Form A, enter code 11; Form B, failed JC, code 12, Form C, failed form D, code 13; Form D, failed Form E code 14 and Form E or COSC/Matric code 15.

Code 20 for persons who have had any training including vocational training after standard 7.

Code 21 Post JC for persons with post JC qualifications other than Form D or E, these include persons who have had vocational training after J.C, nursing, LPTC, PH etc.

Code 22 for persons with post COSC qualifications, these include persons who have had vocational training after COSC, S.T.C, S.T.T.C., Certificate in Agriculture, Diploma in Agriculture, Diploma in Science and Certificate in Statistics.

Note that these qualifications are not equivalent to a University Degree. Code for university degree is 23.

124. The following conversion table will help you to write the appropriate standard for respondents who attended the former "elementary" school and the comparatively new school system and reached a particular grade.


top
Lesotho 2006 — source variable LS2006A_EDATTAIN — Education attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section D. Education
[For all persons aged 2 years and over.]

22. What is (the respondent's) highest level of education completed?

[] 00 Pre School
[] 1 Standard 1
[] 2 Standard 2
[] 3 Standard 3
[] 4 Standard 4
[] 5 Standard 5
[] 6 Standard 6
[] 7 Standard 7
[] 11 Form 1
[] 12 Form 2
[] 13 Form 3
[] 14 Form 4
[] 15 Form 5
[] 20 Diploma/ Certificate after primary
[] 21 Vocational training after primary
[] 22 Diploma/ Certificate after secondary
[] 23 Vocational after secondary
[] 24 Diploma/ Certificate after High School
[] 25 Vocational after High School
[] 26 Graduate
[] 27 Post Graduate
[] 28 Non formal education
[] 29 None
[] 30 Other, Specify ____
[] 88 Not applicable
[] 99 Don't know
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Part D of the Questionnaire
For persons aged 2 years and over

91. Column 22: What is (name's) highest level of education completed?

Give highest qualification held, even if obtained through part-time education, using codes from the list provided. Make sure that code 88 is for persons who are less than two years of age.
Code 01 for persons who have passed standard 1; 02 for persons who have passed standard 2 etc.; 07 for those who have passed standard 7 or the old standard 6 (refer to conversion table in paragraph 93). For persons who have passed Form A, enter code 11; Form B, failed JC, code 12, Form C, failed Form D, code 13 and Form E or COSC/Matric code 15.
Code 20 for persons who have had any training in diploma/certificate after primary.
Code 22 Post JC for persons with post JC qualifications other than Form D or E, these include persons who have had vocational training after JC, nursing, LPTC, PhD, etc.
Code 24 for persons with post COSC qualifications, these include persons who have had vocational training after COSC, S.T.C, S.T.T.C, Certificate in Agriculture, Diploma in Agriculture, Diploma in Science, and Certificate in Statistics.
Note: that these qualifications are not equivalent to a University Degree. Codes for University Degrees are 26 and 27.

top
Liberia 1974 — source variable LR1974A_EDATTAN — Highest degree completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Ask all persons over the age of five years

12. Highest grade completed
What was the highest grade completed? ___________
If none enter "00"


top
Liberia 2008 — source variable LR2008A_EDATTAN — Highest grade level attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Persons 5 years and over

P20. Highest level attended

What is the highest level that [the respondent] attained?

top
Malawi 1987 — source variable MW1987A_EDATTAIN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons age 5 or older
[Questions J and K were asked of persons age 5 or older]


k. Education


Highest level attended? _ _

No: No education
S1: Standard 1 etc. [S2 = Standard 2, S3 = Standard 3...]
F1: Form 1 etc. [F2 = Form 2, F3 = Form 3...]
University:

U1: First year etc. [U2 = Second year, U3 = Third year...]
D: Diploma
G: Graduate

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Highest level attended at primary or secondary school or university

52. This question refers to every person age 5 years or older irrespective of whether or not they were attending school in June, 1987. The purpose of the question is to find the highest level attended by each person. NOTE that we are asking for the highest level attended irrespective of whether or not he or she has actually written or passed any examination at that level.

53. In the case of primary and secondary schooling, you have to write in the highest class or form attended. Most people who left school before 1966 will tend to give the names of the classes used when they were at school and which may no longer be used. In this case, before you enter the number of the highest class reached, you must ask for the year in which they left school to enable you to convert their answer to the modern class names through the use of an "Educational Conversion Chart," which is on page 23 of this manual. For instance, Sub A and Sub B are to be recorded as Standards 1 and 2; old standard 5 as standard 7; old standard 8 as Form 2, etc. You should always check whether a person is giving old class names or the new class names before making an entry in the questionnaire. You are not required to write in the word "Standard" or "Form". You should only enter the letters: "S" for "Standard", "F" for "Form", and the Arabic number such as 1, 2, 3, 4, etc.

54. Some people may not remember the highest class or standard they reached, and others may have been educated in another country where different names are given to classes. In such cases you should ask how many years they spent at school and enter the appropriate standard from your chart. Bear in mind

[p.11]

that pupils sometimes repeat classes and where appropriate you should ask a question about this. In particular you must not assume that because a person spent more than eight years at school then it means he attended a secondary school. You will only record him as attending a secondary school if he confirms that he actually did so.


Persons aged 5 years or more

[Questions (j) and (k) on Literacy and Education apply only to persons aged 5 years or more. Never ask any of these questions to persons younger than 5 years]


(k) Education


Highest level attended: Write the highest level of education attended by each person in a formal educational institution in the appropriate space provided before columns 33-34 using the following abbreviations:

[] NO No education
[] S1 Standard 1
[] S2 Standard 2
[] S3 Standard 3
[] S4 Standard 4
[] S5 Standard 5
[] S6 Standard 6
[] S7 Standard 7
[] S8 Standard 8
[] F1 Form 1
[] F2 Form 2
[] F3 Form 3
[] F4 Form 4
[] F5 Form 5
[] F6 Form 6


[p. 23]

[] U1 University 1st year
[] U2 University 2nd year
[] U3 University 3rd year
[] U4 University 4th year
[] U5 University 5th year
[] U6 University 6th year

[] D Diplomate
[] G Graduate


Leave columns 33-34 blank for office use.

For those who report to have attended up to primary school any time before 1962 or up to secondary school before 1966. You should use the Education Conversation Chart below to convert their responses to conform to the present class levels as given in the column for 1966-87.

top
Malawi 1998 — source variable MW1998A_EDATTAN — Highest education grade attended
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions B10-B15 are for persons age 5 and older]


B14. Education: highest level attended?

[] 00 None
Primary:

[] 01 Standard 1
[] 02 Standard 2
[] 03 Standard 3
[] 04 Standard 4
[] 05 Standard 5
[] 06 Standard 6
[] 07 Standard 7
[] 08 Standard 8

Secondary:

[] 09 Form 1
[] 10 Form 2
[] 11 Form 3
[] 12 Form 4
[] 13 Form 5
[] 14 Form 6

University:

[] 15 Year 1
[] 16 Year 2
[] 17 Year 3
[] 18 Year 4
[] 19 Year 5
[] 20 Year 6
[] 21 Year 7

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Part B: Characteristics of Individual Household Members


3. Persons age 5 years or older


Highest level of education attended: This refers to the highest level of education a person attended, irrespective of whether or not he or she has actually written or passed any examination at that level. This is also irrespective of whether or not one was in school or not in August, 1998.


B14. Highest level attended: Ask the respondent about the highest level of education attended for each member of the household aged 5 years or over. Record the appropriate code in the two boxes in column B14. For example, for a man who reached but did not complete standard 7, he should be considered as having attended 7 years of primary school. You should record '07' in column B14. If a girl repeated standard 8, her highest level attended will be standard 8 and you should record "08" in column B14.

a. In the case of primary and secondary schools, you should record the highest class or form attended. Most people who left school before 1966 will tend to give the names of the classes used when they were at school and which are no longer being used. In this case, before you enter the number referring to the highest class reached, you must ask for the year in which they left school. This will enable you to convert their answers to the modern class names through the use of an "Educational Conversion Chart" which is on page 17 of this manual. For instance, Sub A and Sub B are to be recorded as standards 1 and 2 respectively; old standard 5 as standard 7; old standard 8 as form 2, respectively, etc. You should always check whether the person is giving old class names before making an entry in the questionnaire.
b. Some people may not remember the highest class or standard they reached, and others may have been educated in another country where different names are given to classes. In such cases you should ask how many years that they spent at school and enter the appropriate code for the class from the chart. Bear in mind that pupils sometimes repeat classes and where appropriate you should ask a question about this. In particular you must not assume that because a person spent more than eight years at school then it means he attended a secondary school. You will only record him as attending secondary school if he confirms that he actually did so.

[Education conversion chart, showing current equivalence to historical education classifications is omitted]

top
Malawi 2008 — source variable MW2008A_EDATTAIN — Highest school level and grade attended
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions P16-P19 were asked of residents age 3 years or older]


P18. What is the highest level of school [the respondent] attended or is attending? And how many years of school did he/she complete at that level?

[] 0 Preschool
[] 1 Primary
[] 2 Secondary
[] 3 University
[] 4 Other tertiary

Number of years [up to 8]: ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Household members age 3 years or older
[Questions P16-P19 were asked of persons age 3 years or older]


P18. Highest level of school and years attended
The question should only be asked to household members age 3 years or older. Two types of questions should be asked: highest level of school and number of years of schooling.

The highest level should be irrespective of whether or not he/she has actually written or passed any examination at that level. It should be irrespective of whether or not one is currently in school or not.

The enumerator should also shade, in the second row, the appropriate code for the number of years attended at that particular level.

Example: If a man/woman reached but did not complete standard 7, he/she should be considered as having attended 7 years of primary school. Thus, Shade code 1 for highest level and 7 for number of years attended. If one repeated standard 8, shade 1 for highest level attended and 8 for years attended.

Most people who left school before 1966 will tend to give the names of the classes used when they were at school and which are no longer being used. In this case, before you enter the number referring to the highest class reached, you must ask for the year in which they left school. This will enable you to convert their answers to the modern class names through the use of an "Educational conversion chart" which is on page 45 of this manual. For instance, Sub A and Sub B are to be recorded as standards 1 and 2 respectively; old standard 5 as standard 7; old standard 8 as form 2, respectively, etc. You should always check whether the person is giving old class names before making an entry in the questionnaire.

Some people may not remember the highest class or standard they reached, and others may have been educated in another country where different names are given to classes. In such cases you should ask how many years they spent at school and shade the appropriate code for the class from the chart. Bear in mind that pupils sometimes repeat classes and where appropriate you should ask a question about this. In particular you must not assume that because a person spent more than eight years at school then it means he/she attended a secondary school. You will only record him as attending secondary school if he/she confirms that he actually did so.


top
Malaysia 1980 — source variable MY1980A_EDLEV — Level of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 12-13 were asked of persons who had ever been to school.]


12. What was/is the highest level of schooling you completed/are currently attending?

Primary:

[] Std. 1
[] Std. 2
[] Std. 3
[] Std. 4
[] Std. 5
[] Std. 6

Secondary:

[] Remove/Form 1
[] Form 2
[] Form 3
[] Form 4
[] Form 5
[] Lower 6
[] Upped 6

Vocational:

[] Form 4
[] Form 5

Tertiary:

[] University/College

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 12
This question is to be asked of persons who had ever been to school, that is, both who are currently attending school and those who had completed schooling.

We are interested in only the highest level a person has completed, thus only one box is to be marked. If the person is not currently attending a school, you are to mark the level he/she had completed. If the person is currently going to school record the level he is currently attending, assuming that he would complete the level at the end of the year. If the person had left school during a year and did not complete that year, you are to mark the next level down, that is, the level which he did complete.

Persons who completed their schooling a long time ago or who were educated overseas may sometimes give an answer which you cannot fit into the boxes. The only solution is to ask them what they consider to be the present-day or Malaysian equivalent. Matriculation class is to be equated to the level 'Upper 6'.

The boxes presented in the question give the various levels (or Forms) in the current Bahasa Malaysia and English language streams. A table is attached which sets out the equivalent levels in other language streams and the pre-1954 English language equivalents. (See Form 14(a)/ 14(b)/14(c)).

Note that Vocational 1 in Sabah and Sarawak is equivalent to Form 4 (Vocational) in
Peninsular Malaysia. Vocational 2 and 3 in Sabah and Sarawak are equivalent to Form 5 (Vocational) in Peninsular Malaysia. For Sabah, Senior Middle III in the Chinese Medium school is to be equated to Form 5.

top
Malaysia 1991 — source variable MY1991A_EDATTAN — Level of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Questions C1-27 were asked of persons who live in their households on Census Days.]


[Questions C12-14 were asked of persons who had ever attended school.]


C13. What is the highest level of schooling completed/still attending?

Pre-school

[] 01 Kindergarten

Primary

[] 02 Standard 1
[] 03 Standard 2
[] 04 Standard 3
[] 05 Standard 4
[] 06 Standard 5
[] 07 Standard 6

Secondary

[] 08 Remove/Form 1
[] 09 Form 2
[] 10 Form 3
[] 11 Form 4
[] 12 Form 5
[] 13 Form 6 Lower
[] 14 Form 6 Upper

Vocational

[] 15 Form 4
[] 16 Form 5

Tertiary

[] 17 College
[] 18 University

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question C11-C14

Purpose
The purpose of these questions is to obtain information for each person including:
The level of education, that is, whether the person has ever been to school or not, and whether he/she is currently attending school or has completed schooling.
The highest level of schooling completed/still attending.
The highest certificate obtained.


Question C13

[Question C13 of the enumeration form is not presented here.]

How to ask the question

Ask this question as follows:
"What is ____ (member's name) highest level of schooling completed/still attending?"

How to record the answer
If the person is still schooling/attending, you are to write the level he is currently attending, assuming that he would complete his current level at the end of the year/academic year.

[p.130]

If the person has completed his schooling at the time of interview, you are to get the level he/she has completed.

If the person has left school during a certain year without completing that level fully, mark the nearest level which he has completed fully.

For persons who have completed their schooling in Malaysia a long time ago and there are differences with the present-day educational system, you are to refer to Code Card (Document 6) to get the equivalent levels.

For persons who were educated overseas, you are to get the total years of study and to give the equivalent levels in the present-day educational system, e.g., for persons who have studied overseas for 8 years, you are to mark the equivalent level of schooling which if Form 2 (Code 9).

Reminder:
Matriculation class is assumed to be equivalent to Form 6 Upper (Code 14).
Vocational 1 is Sabah and Sarawak is equivalent to Form 4 (Vocational) in Peninsular Malaysia (Code 15) whereas Vocational 2 and 3 in Sabah and Sarawak are equivalent to Form 5 (Vocational) in Peninsular Malaysia (Code 16).
College category (Code 17) includes polytechnics.


top
Mali 1998 — source variable ML1998A_EDATTAIN — Last school grade completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section B: Individual Characteristics


For persons aged 6 years and above
[Questions 16-26]


Education


16. Level of education

[] 00 Not applicable
[] 01 Fundamental, first cycle
[] 02 Fundamental, second cycle
[] 03 Medersa, first cycle
[] 04 Medersa, second cycle
[] 05 Secondary school, general
[] 06 Secondary school, technical
[] 07 School for teachers
[] 08 Vocational school, grade 5 (CEPE)
[] 09 Vocational school, grade 9 (DEF)
[] 10 Vocational school, grade 12+ (BAC)
[] 11 University
[] 13 Post-university [code 12 is absent from the original form]
[] 14 Koranic school
[] 15 Center for adult literacy


17. Last school grade completed

_ _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

1.2.1. Questions for ALL Household Members


1.2.2. Questions for persons aged 6 years and above

This is the second group of questions, concerning the characteristics of household members. They concern only the persons aged 6 years and above.

For persons aged less than 6 years (children), write (0) or (00) depending on column width in Columns P16 to P30.


Column P16-P18: Level of education

This group of questions provides together an idea on the level of education of the population.

16. Column P16 -- the level of education attained
17. Column P17 -- highest grade completed
18. Column P18 -- highest diploma obtained

The question to be asked to the household members aged 6 years and above will be: "Has name ever been to school?"
If no, then write (00) in Columns P16, P17 and P18.

If yes, then write:

In Column P16 le number corresponding to the level attained
In Column P17 the last grade attended in this level of education
In Column P18 the highest diploma obtained, while using the instructions at the bottom of the questionnaire.


top
Mali 2009 — source variable ML2009A_EDATTEND — Highest class attended within education level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Population age three or older
[Questions P18-P23 were asked for persons age 3+.]

P19) Level
What is [Name]?s education level?

Record the code corresponding to the response (compare from bottom of the page)

[] 00 Not applicable (less than 3 years)
[] 01 None
[] 02 Instruction in the Koran (not trained)
[] 03 Literate (not trained)
[] 04 Preschool
[] 05 Fundamental 1st cycle
[] 06 Fundamental 2nd cycle
[] 07 Madras 1st cycle
[] 08 Madras 2nd cycle
[] 09 Secondary
[] 10 Technical and Professional
[] 11 Teaching school
[] 12 University
[] 13 Post University
P20) Class
What is the highest class in this level of school [Name] has attended?

____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.2.3.18 Education level (Column P19)
The agent ask the following question: "What is [Name] educational level?." Enter the appropriate code (available at the bottom of the page of the questionnaire). If the person is not applicable (less than three years), enter the code "00" and if the person does not attend school, enter the code "01."

00 = Not relevant (under 3 years)
01 = None (uneducated)
02 = Education of the Koran
03 = literate
04 = Preschool
05 = Fundamental 1st cycle
06 = Fundamental 2nd cycle
07 = 1st cycle Medersa
08 = 2nd cycle Medersa
09 = Secondary
10 = Technical and Vocational
11 = Teacher training
12 = University
13 = Post University
6.2.3.19 Class (Last class taken) (Column P20)
The enumerator asks the question: "What is the last class that [Name] took at this level of education?" This is the last class or year successfully completed by [NAME] at the level of education.

[Omitted example]

Instruction: For those not relevant (less than 3 years old), people without any education, for those who attended school on the Koran or a literacy program, the agent records code "00."


top
Mauritius 1990 — source variable MU1990A_EDATTAIN — Primary and secondary education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
In strict confidence
Ministry of Economic Planning and Development
Central Statistical Office

Population Census
Mauritius

Night of 1-2 July 1990

For persons aged 2 years and over:

21 Primary and secondary education ____

If now attending pre-primary, primary, or secondary school, write standard or form being attended.
If attended primary or secondary school in the past, write highest standard or form completed or highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained.
If never attended school, write 'nil'.
Please report tertiary education in col. 22.
[Stop here for persons under 12 years]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Stop at column 18 for children under 2 years of age
Note that columns 19-21 are for persons aged 2 years and over

Column 21
Primary and secondary education
Please note that this column refers only to primary and secondary education. Tertiary education is reported in columns 22a and 22b, whilst vocational and technical training are reported in columns 23a and 23b.

(i) For persons reported 'now' in column 20:
If the person is now attending primary or secondary school, write the standard or form being attended. For children attending preprimary school, write 'Preprimary'.

(ii) For persons reported 'past in column 20:
If the person has attended primary or primary and secondary school in the past, write the highest standard or torrri completed or the highest certificate obtained, if any.
For example, for a person who has completed only Standard III, write 'Std III'; for a person who has completed only Form IV, write 'Form IV'.
[Next Page]
For a person who has completed only the primary cycle, write 'CPE' or 'PSLC' if he has in fact passed the Primary School Leaving Certificate; if not, write 'Std VI'.
For a person who has completed Form V or an equivalent level, write 'SC' or 'GCE. (OL)' or 'BEPC' only if he/she has obtained the relevant Certificate; if not, write 'Form v·.
For a person who has studied up to the Higher School Certificate or equivalent level, write 'HSC', or 'GCE (AL)', etc. only if the person has obtained the relevant certificate; if not, write 'Form VI'.
(iii) For persons reported 'never' in column 20:
If the person has never attended school, write 'NIL'. However, if the person has studied privately or by correspondence, then report the equivalent level of primary or secondary education completed or the highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained.
Stop at column 21 for persons under 12 years of age

top
Mauritius 1990 — source variable MU1990A_EDDURTER — Duration of tertiary education (months)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
In strict confidence
Ministry of Economic Planning and Development
Central Statistical Office

Population Census
Mauritius

Night of 1-2 July 1990

For persons aged 12 years and over:

22 Tertiary education

(a) Duration of schooling ____
How many months of schooling or training has the person completed in universities or similar post-secondary institutions?
Write as appropriate:
Nil
Less than 1 month
1 month
36 months, etc.
Please report vocational and technical training in col. 23.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Stop at column 18 for children under 2 years of age
Note that columns 19-21 are for persons aged 2 years and over

Column 22a
Duration of tertiary education
For every person aged 12 years or over, write the total number of months of schooling or training which he/she has received in universities. Include also the number or months spent ln postsecondary institutions offering courses similar to University courses, for example, professional programs in engineering, accountancy, law, pharmacy, or computer science.
Any training received at the postsecondary level should be counted as tertiary education, for example, diploma or PGCE course in teacher training at the Mauritius Institute of Education. However, training courses below the tertiary (or university) level should be included in columns 23a and 23b; for example, a certificate course in teacher training for primary school teachers, or a certificate course in nursing for student nurses, are not of a post-secondary level and should be reported in columns 23a and 23b.

If the person is now receiving tertiary education, insert the duration up to now; do not insert the total number of months during which the course is going to last.

lf the person received tertiary education by correspondence, or through private or part-time study, please convert the accumulated training to the equivalent number of months in the full-time regular program.

[Next Page]

Please note that the duration is to be reported in months. For full-time regular courses, consider one academic year as equivalent to 12 months, even though the actual training during the year may have been for somewhat less than 12 months.

If the person has had no training in universities or similar postsecondary institutions, write 'nil'. Write 'nil' also for persons who are too young to go to university. Do not leave the space blank.


top
Mauritius 2000 — source variable MU2000A_EDATTAIN — Primary and secondary education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Population census form]

For persons aged 2 years and over:
[Column 19 to 21 were asked of persons age 2 and older.]

21. Primary and secondary education _ _

If now attending pre-primary, primary, or secondary school, write standard or form being attended. If attended primary or secondary school in the past, write highest standard or form completed or highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained. If never attended school, write 'nil'.
(Stop here for persons under 12 years)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
7. Instructions on how to fill in the census form

[Stop at column 18 for children under 2 years of age. Note that columns 19-21 are for persons aged 2 years and over.]

Column 21 - Primary and secondary education
Please note that this column refers only to primary and secondary education. Other education, including tertiary education is covered in column 22.

(i) For persons reported 'now' in column 20:
If person is now attending pre-primary school: write "pre-primary".
If person is now attending primary or secondary school: write the standard or form being attended.
(ii)For persons reported 'past' in column 20:
If the person has attended primary or primary and secondary school in the past, write the highest standard or form completed or the highest certificate obtained, if any.
E.g.
-For a person who has completed only Standard III, write "STD III".
-For a person who has completed only the primary cycle, write "CPE" or "PSLC" If he/she has passed the Certificate of Primary Education or the Primary School Leaving Certificate; if not write "STD VI".
-For a person who has completed only Form IV, write "Form IV".
-For a person who has completed Form V or an equivalent level, write "SC" or "GCE(OL)" or "BEPC" only if he/she has obtained the relevant certificate; if not, write "Form VI".
-For a person who has studied up to the Higher School Certificate or an equivalent level, write "HSC" or "GCE(AL)", etc. only if he/she has obtained the relevant certificate; if not, write "Form VI".
(iii) For persons reported ?never? in column 20:
If person has never attended school, write 'NIL'.

However, if the person has studied privately or by correspondence or followed any special education classes (such as schools for the disabled, adult education programmes), then report the equivalent level of primary or secondary education completed or the highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained.


top
Mauritius 2000 — source variable MU2000A_EDDUR1 — Duration of training for highest qualification (months)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Population census form]

For persons aged 12 years and over:
[Column 22 to 34 were asked of persons aged 12 years and older.]

22. Qualifications other than those of the primary and secondary levels

Has the person obtained any qualifications other than those of the primary and secondary levels already reported in column 21? E.g., degrees, diplomas, nursing or teaching qualifications, membership of professional institutions, other professional, educational, technical or vocational qualifications, etc.

If 'no', write 'none' in all six columns below.

If 'yes', give details for the 3 highest qualifications as follows:
- duration of training in full time equivalent months
- title of qualification obtained, major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification (e.g. BSc Civil Engineering - University of Mauritius; NCC International Diploma in Computer Studies - SITRAC; NTC 1 Hotel management - Hotel School of Mauritius, etc.)
If allotted space is not sufficient, write where space is available and link with an arrow.

Highest qualification
(1a) Duration of training in months _ _
(1b) Qualification received, major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification _ _ _ _
Second highest qualification
(2a) Duration of training in months _ _
(2b) Qualification received, major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification _ _ _ _
Third highest qualification
(3a) Duration of training in months _ _
(3b) Qualification received, major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification _ _ _ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
7. Instructions on how to fill in the census form

Column 22 - Qualifications obtained other than those of the primary and secondary levels
This question asks whether the person has obtained any qualifications other than those of primary/secondary levels already reported in column 21. E.g. degrees, diplomas, nursing or teaching qualifications, graduate or corporate membership of professional institutions, other professional, educational, technical or vocational training. Include also any qualifications obtained on trade, craft, industrial and home economics courses.
If person does not have any such qualifications, write "NONE" in all six columns. Write "NONE" also for persons still following primary or secondary education.
If person has such qualifications, insert details for the 3 highest qualifications obtained as explained below.
For each qualification obtained, give details as follows starting with the highest qualification:

- duration of training in months,
- title of qualification obtained, the major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification.

Space is allowed for reporting the 3 highest qualifications obtained. Columns (1a) and (1b) relate to the highest qualification, columns (2a) and (2b) to the second highest and columns (3a) and (3b) to the third highest. If the person has only one qualification, fill in the necessary details in columns (1a) and (1b); if person has two qualifications, fill in columns (1a) and (1 b) as well as (2a) and (2b).

(1a), (2a), (3a) - Duration of training
Insert the duration of schooling/training in full time equivalent months. For full-time regular courses, consider one academic year as equivalent to 12 months, even though the actual training during the year may have been somewhat less than 12 months.
For a person who received training by correspondence, or through private or part-time study, convert the accumulated training to the equivalent number of months in the full-time regular programme.

(1b), (2b), (3b) - Qualification received, major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification
For each qualification obtained, give the title of the qualification, the corresponding major field of study and the name of the awarding institution.

E.g.:
-Graduate Diploma In Statistics - Royal Statistical Society.
-BSc Clvll Engineering - University of Sussex.
-BSc Agriculture - University of Mauritius.
-Diploma course in teacher training - MIE.
-NCC lnternational Diploma in Computer Studies - SITRAC.
-NCC Certificate In Multimedia - SITRAC.
-NTC 1 Hotel management - Hotel School of Mauritius.
-NTC 3 Furniture making - S.K. Jagatslngh Training Centre.

For a person who is now following a course and has not yet obtained any qualification, write "NONE" in all columns. However, if he/she is currently following a course, but has qualifications other than those reported in column 21, give details for the qualifications already obtained and not the course he/she is now following.


top
Mauritius 2000 — source variable MU2000A_EDLEV1 — Level of highest educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Population census form]

For persons aged 12 years and over:
[Column 22 to 34 were asked of persons aged 12 years and older.]

22. Qualifications other than those of the primary and secondary levels

Has the person obtained any qualifications other than those of the primary and secondary levels already reported in column 21? E.g., degrees, diplomas, nursing or teaching qualifications, membership of professional institutions, other professional, educational, technical or vocational qualifications, etc.

If 'no', write 'none' in all six columns below.

If 'yes', give details for the 3 highest qualifications as follows:
- duration of training in full time equivalent months
- title of qualification obtained, major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification (e.g. BSc Civil Engineering - University of Mauritius; NCC International Diploma in Computer Studies - SITRAC; NTC 1 Hotel management - Hotel School of Mauritius, etc.)
If allotted space is not sufficient, write where space is available and link with an arrow.

Highest qualification
(1a) Duration of training in months _ _
(1b) Qualification received, major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification _ _ _ _
Second highest qualification
(2a) Duration of training in months _ _
(2b) Qualification received, major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification _ _ _ _
Third highest qualification
(3a) Duration of training in months _ _
(3b) Qualification received, major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification _ _ _ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
7. Instructions on how to fill in the census form

Column 22 - Qualifications obtained other than those of the primary and secondary levels
This question asks whether the person has obtained any qualifications other than those of primary/secondary levels already reported in column 21. E.g. degrees, diplomas, nursing or teaching qualifications, graduate or corporate membership of professional institutions, other professional, educational, technical or vocational training. Include also any qualifications obtained on trade, craft, industrial and home economics courses.
If person does not have any such qualifications, write "NONE" in all six columns. Write "NONE" also for persons still following primary or secondary education.
If person has such qualifications, insert details for the 3 highest qualifications obtained as explained below.
For each qualification obtained, give details as follows starting with the highest qualification:

- duration of training in months,
- title of qualification obtained, the major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification.

Space is allowed for reporting the 3 highest qualifications obtained. Columns (1a) and (1b) relate to the highest qualification, columns (2a) and (2b) to the second highest and columns (3a) and (3b) to the third highest. If the person has only one qualification, fill in the necessary details in columns (1a) and (1b); if person has two qualifications, fill in columns (1a) and (1 b) as well as (2a) and (2b).

(1a), (2a), (3a) - Duration of training
Insert the duration of schooling/training in full time equivalent months. For full-time regular courses, consider one academic year as equivalent to 12 months, even though the actual training during the year may have been somewhat less than 12 months.
For a person who received training by correspondence, or through private or part-time study, convert the accumulated training to the equivalent number of months in the full-time regular programme.

(1b), (2b), (3b) - Qualification received, major field of study and name of institution awarding the qualification
For each qualification obtained, give the title of the qualification, the corresponding major field of study and the name of the awarding institution.

E.g.:
-Graduate Diploma In Statistics - Royal Statistical Society.
-BSc Clvll Engineering - University of Sussex.
-BSc Agriculture - University of Mauritius.
-Diploma course in teacher training - MIE.
-NCC lnternational Diploma in Computer Studies - SITRAC.
-NCC Certificate In Multimedia - SITRAC.
-NTC 1 Hotel management - Hotel School of Mauritius.
-NTC 3 Furniture making - S.K. Jagatslngh Training Centre.

For a person who is now following a course and has not yet obtained any qualification, write "NONE" in all columns. However, if he/she is currently following a course, but has qualifications other than those reported in column 21, give details for the qualifications already obtained and not the course he/she is now following.


top
Mauritius 2011 — source variable MU2011A_EDATTAIN — Primary and secondary education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Individual form

[Question P20 to P22 were asked of persons aged 2 years and over]

P22. Primary and secondary education

If "now" attending school, write the standard or form being attended as listed below:
If attended school in the past, write the highest level completed as listed below:
If "Never" or "child not in school", write [0] for "None".

[] 0 None
[] 1 Pre-primary
[] 11 Standard I
[] 12 Standard II
[] 13 Standard III
[] 14 Standard IV
[] 15 Standard V
[] 16 Standard VI or equivalent - not passed
[] 17 Standard VI or equivalent - passed
[] 19 Primary, not known
[] 21 Form I
[] 22 Form II
[] 23 Form III
[] 24 Form IV
[] 25 Form V or equivalent - not passed
[] 26 Form V or equivalent - passed
[] 27 Form VI or equivalent - not passed
[] 28 Form VI or equivalent - passed
[] 29 Secondary, not known
[] 31 Form I prevocational
[] 32 Form II prevocational
[] 33 Form III prevocational
[] 98 Specialized schools for the handicapped
[] 99 Unknown
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6. Population census topics and their usefulness

P22 - Primary and Secondary education
Information on level of education is used to measure the national capacity for technological development, and the need for further education in the light of the requirements of the sectors of employment.

8. How to fill in the Population Census Questionnaire

P22 - Primary and secondary education
[figure omitted]

Question P22 applies only to primary and secondary education.

For persons reporting "1 Now - Full Time or "2 Now - Part Time" at P21

(i) If the person is now attending pre-primary school: Write "1" in the boxes provided.
(ii) If the person is now attending primary or secondary school, write the Standard or Form being attended.
(iii) If the person is presently in Form I or Form II or Form III, you should enquire whether he/she is following the academic stream or prevocational stream.
- Write "21"for Form I academic or "31" for Form I prevocational
- Write "22" for Form II academic or "32" for Form II prevocational
- Write "23" for Form III academic or "33" for Form III prevocational
(iv) If a person is attending a specialized school for example APEIM; write "98".

For persons reporting "3 Past" at P21

(i) If the person has attended pre-primary or primary and secondary school in the past, write the highest Standard or Form completed or the highest certificate obtained, if any. E.g.: For a person, who has completed only Standard III, write "23".
(ii) If the person who has completed only the primary cycle, insert "17" if he/she has passed the Certificate of Primary Education or the Primary School Leaving Certificate; if not passed CPE or PSLC; write "16".
(iii) For a person who has completed only Form IV, write "24".
(iv) For a person who has completed Form V or an equivalent level, write "26" only if he/she has obtained the relevant certificate; if not, write "25".
(v) For a person who has studied up to the Higher School Certificate or an equivalent, write "28" if he/she has obtained the relevant certificate. If he/she has studied up to Lower VI or up to Upper VI but not passed HSC, write "27" in the boxes.

For persons reporting "Never" or "Child not yet at school (CNYS)" at P21

Write "0" in the boxes provided.

For persons who have not attended school in the past but have studied either privately, or by correspondence, or by following any special education classes (such as schools for the disabled, adult education programs)

[p. 44]

State the equivalent level of primary or secondary education completed or the highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained.

For persons who are not presently attending school but are studying either privately, or by correspondence, or by following any special education classes (such as schools for the disabled, adult education programs)

State the equivalent level of primary or secondary education completed or the highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained.

Please use the equivalence table below if a person has followed an English or French system of education. You should record the equivalent level of primary or secondary education completed or the highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained as per list below:
[equivalence table omitted]

[Stop at P22 for persons under 12 years of age]


top
Mauritius 2011 — source variable MU2011A_DIPLOMACR — Current education other than primary and secondary
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Individual form

[Question P23 to P34 for persons aged 12 years and over]

P23A.Education other than those of the primary and secondary levels - Now

Write the (i) course and (ii) field of study if the person is "Now" following a course (other than those of the Primary and Secondary levels) from a university, vocational/technical school, professional body, etc. (E.g (i) Certificate; (ii) Marketing. (i) Diploma; (ii) Land surveying. (i) BSC (ii) Biology.)

_____ (i)
_____ (ii)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6. Population census topics and their usefulness

P23A and P23B - Tertiary education, professional, technical and vocational course/qualifications
The questions help to determine the resources of the country in terms of specialized manpower and to show whether there are too few or too many people with specific qualifications and skills to satisfy the needs of the labor market. The information is useful to measure the need for continuing education and retraining programs that would respond to the changing demands of the labor market.

8. How to fill in the Population Census Questionnaire

P23A-Education other than those of the primary and secondary levels - now
[figure omitted]

If a person is now undertaking studies other than those of primary/secondary levels, e.g. degrees, diplomas, certificates, nursing or teaching qualifications, professional qualifications, technical or vocational training; write (i) the course and (ii) the field of study. An example is given below for a person now following a Certificate course in land surveying.

[figure omitted]

If the person is not currently following any course, go to P23B


top
Mauritius 2011 — source variable MU2011A_YRSTERT — Duration of highest education (in months), other than primary and secondary
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Individual form

[Question P23 to P34 for persons aged 12 years and over]

P23B. Education other than those of the primary and secondary levels - Past

Highest qualification
Write the duration of course in months _ _

Write the (i) qualification received; (ii) the major field of study. E.g. (i) MSC; (ii) Statistics. (i) Diploma; (ii) Hospitality management, etc.

_____ (i)
_____ (ii)
Second highest qualification
Write the duration of course in months _ _

Write the (i) qualification received, (ii) the major field of study. E.g. (i) BSC (ii) economics (i) certificate (ii) communication, etc.

_____ (i)
_____ (ii)
Third highest qualification
Write the duration of course in months _ _

Write the (i) qualification received; (ii) the major field of study. E.g. (i) Diploma; (ii) Humanities. (i) Certificate; (ii) Town and country planning, etc.

_____ (i)
_____ (ii)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6. Population census topics and their usefulness

P23A and P23B - Tertiary education, professional, technical and vocational course/qualifications
The questions help to determine the resources of the country in terms of specialized manpower and to show whether there are too few or too many people with specific qualifications and skills to satisfy the needs of the labor market. The information is useful to measure the need for continuing education and retraining programs that would respond to the changing demands of the labor market.

8. How to fill in the Population Census Questionnaire

P23B- Education other than those of the primary and secondary levels - past
[figure omitted]

Enter information related to the 3 highest qualifications other than those of the primary and secondary levels (e.g. degree, diploma, certificate or other qualifications) that the person has obtained in the past.

Please note that P23B is applicable for all persons who have qualifications other than those of the Primary and Secondary levels, even though they are now following another course.

[p. 46]

Start with the highest qualification. For each qualification, write the following in the boxes provided:

(a) Duration of the course
Insert the duration of schooling/training in full time equivalent months. For full-time regular courses, consider one academic year as equivalent to 12 months, even though the actual course/training during the year may have been less than 12 months.
For a person who received training by correspondence, or through private or part-time study, convert the accumulated training to the equivalent number of months in the full-time regular program.
(b) Qualification received
For each qualification received, write the title of the qualification, e.g. BSC, diploma, certificate, etc., in boxes labeled as (i).
(c) Major field of study
For each qualification obtained, write the corresponding major field of study, e.g.: hospitality management, civil engineering, agriculture, teacher training, etc., in the boxes labeled as (ii).

An example is given below for a 2-year course to obtain a diploma in hospitality management.

[figure omitted]

If a person does not have any such qualifications, leave P23B blank


top
Mauritius 2011 — source variable MU2011A_DIPLOMA1 — Highest qualification in the past, other than primary and secondary
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Individual form

[Question P23 to P34 for persons aged 12 years and over]

P23B. Education other than those of the primary and secondary levels - Past

Highest qualification
Write the duration of course in months _ _

Write the (i) qualification received; (ii) the major field of study. E.g. (i) MSC; (ii) Statistics. (i) Diploma; (ii) Hospitality management, etc.

_____ (i)
_____ (ii)
Second highest qualification
Write the duration of course in months _ _

Write the (i) qualification received, (ii) the major field of study. E.g. (i) BSC (ii) economics (i) certificate (ii) communication, etc.

_____ (i)
_____ (ii)
Third highest qualification
Write the duration of course in months _ _

Write the (i) qualification received; (ii) the major field of study. E.g. (i) Diploma; (ii) Humanities. (i) Certificate; (ii) Town and country planning, etc.

_____ (i)
_____ (ii)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6. Population census topics and their usefulness

P23A and P23B - Tertiary education, professional, technical and vocational course/qualifications
The questions help to determine the resources of the country in terms of specialized manpower and to show whether there are too few or too many people with specific qualifications and skills to satisfy the needs of the labor market. The information is useful to measure the need for continuing education and retraining programs that would respond to the changing demands of the labor market.

8. How to fill in the Population Census Questionnaire

P23B- Education other than those of the primary and secondary levels - past
[figure omitted]

Enter information related to the 3 highest qualifications other than those of the primary and secondary levels (e.g. degree, diploma, certificate or other qualifications) that the person has obtained in the past.

Please note that P23B is applicable for all persons who have qualifications other than those of the Primary and Secondary levels, even though they are now following another course.

[p. 46]

Start with the highest qualification. For each qualification, write the following in the boxes provided:

(a) Duration of the course
Insert the duration of schooling/training in full time equivalent months. For full-time regular courses, consider one academic year as equivalent to 12 months, even though the actual course/training during the year may have been less than 12 months.
For a person who received training by correspondence, or through private or part-time study, convert the accumulated training to the equivalent number of months in the full-time regular program.
(b) Qualification received
For each qualification received, write the title of the qualification, e.g. BSC, diploma, certificate, etc., in boxes labeled as (i).
(c) Major field of study
For each qualification obtained, write the corresponding major field of study, e.g.: hospitality management, civil engineering, agriculture, teacher training, etc., in the boxes labeled as (ii).

An example is given below for a 2-year course to obtain a diploma in hospitality management.

[figure omitted]

If a person does not have any such qualifications, leave P23B blank


top
Mexico 1960 — source variable MX1960A_YRSCH1 — Years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
20. Years of elementary education completed and passed (From first to the sixth grade)

____

Column 20: Pay attention that in this column you should note the number of years passed only in elementary school and this can only be 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 years, whether in official [public] or private schools.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Education
(Very important)

Column 19. If the enumerated declares that they can currently read and write, the word YES should be written in this column. If they declare that they only know how to read, but not how to write, or they only write but do not read, or they declare that they do not know to read nor right, the word No will be written.

Column 20. Your attention is called to the fact that the number of years of primary instruction study (elementary and superior) that the enumerated has finished and approved in official or private schools should be written in this column. Only one of the following numbers will be written in this column: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, since primary instruction only includes up to 6 years.

Column 21. The number of years of study finished should be written, that is, attained in a school of a higher grade than that of primary. All the years beyond primary should be added up; therefore, the primary years should not be included, since they were [P. 22] asked about this in column 20. The words "Studies finished" in column 21 means years of study attained.

Column 22. This column is earmarked for collecting data about the type and grade of instruction that the enumerated is receiving on the census date, generally, by way of assistance at a school and, in exceptional cases, by way of classes received in their home or by correspondence. Write the type or studies and the year. For example: Primary 3rd, Secondary 1st, Preparatory 2nd, Medicine 2nd, Architecture 3rd, Electronics by correspondence, etc. Be careful not to write down the type of studies or the grade of instruction received previously by the enumerated, but rather only those that they are receiving on the census date.

top
Mexico 1970 — source variable MX1970A_EDLEV1 — Level of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons 6 years old or more

9. Level of education

This person passed some year of study?

[ ] Yes
[ ] No

How many years did the person pass?

[90] In Elementary School? _____
[80] In Secondary School or Prevocational? _____
[70] In College Preparatory High School or Vocational? _____
In another type of instruction? _____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Level of instruction

Column 9

In this box, the grade or years finished and passed at each level should be written, and not just the last years finished.

Example: for a person who finished and passed six years of primary, three of secondary, two of preparatory, and five of Law School, the Annotations should be done in the following way. [Depiction of enumeration form; section: "Level of Instruction."]
[Drawing]

[P. 37]

Read everything that is in bold type. Even though some people did not attend secondary, prevocational, preparatory, or vocational school, they might have had "other type of instruction."

[Depiction of enumeration form; section: "Level of Instruction."] Example: A person who has finished and passed all of primary and up to the 3rd [year] of Shorthand Secretary.

[Drawing]

[Drawing] Remember that this refers to school or academic years finished and approved at each level.

In a special case in which one person carried out two different types of studies, which correspond to the same cycle or level, for example: "Secondary," and "Radio and television technician," or "Economics degree" and "Management degree," the one which is written down will only be the one which the interviewee considers as principle or which was required for the superior studies of the interviewee.

top
Mexico 1970 — source variable MX1970A_GRADE1 — Grade of schooling achieved
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons 6 years old or more

9. Level of education

This person passed some year of study?

[ ] Yes
[ ] No

How many years did the person pass?

[90] In Elementary School? _____
[80] In Secondary School or Prevocational? _____
[70] In College Preparatory High School or Vocational? _____
In another type of instruction? _____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Level of instruction

Column 9

In this box, the grade or years finished and passed at each level should be written, and not just the last years finished.

Example: for a person who finished and passed six years of primary, three of secondary, two of preparatory, and five of Law School, the Annotations should be done in the following way. [Depiction of enumeration form; section: "Level of Instruction."]
[Drawing]

[P. 37]

Read everything that is in bold type. Even though some people did not attend secondary, prevocational, preparatory, or vocational school, they might have had "other type of instruction."

[Depiction of enumeration form; section: "Level of Instruction."] Example: A person who has finished and passed all of primary and up to the 3rd [year] of Shorthand Secretary.

[Drawing]

[Drawing] Remember that this refers to school or academic years finished and approved at each level.

In a special case in which one person carried out two different types of studies, which correspond to the same cycle or level, for example: "Secondary," and "Radio and television technician," or "Economics degree" and "Management degree," the one which is written down will only be the one which the interviewee considers as principle or which was required for the superior studies of the interviewee.

top
Mexico 1990 — source variable MX1990A_EDLEVEL — Level of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Ask only if this person is five years old or more

If the answer is yes ask:


How many grades or years did the person pass in: (Write the number)

Pre-school or kindergarten

_____ years

Elementary
_____years

Technical or commercial studies after finishing elementary school
_____ years

Secondary school
_____years

Technical or commercial studies after finishing secondary
_____ years

College preparatory
_____ years

Teacher training
_____ years

Professional
_____ years

What is the name of the course of study?
_____Write the name of the course of study

Post-graduate
_____years

Continue with the questions for person number one in the list

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions for persons who are five years old or more

When you ask the questions: 5. Place of previous residency; 6. Indigenous language; 7. Religion; 8. Literacy; 9. School attendance; and 10. Grades completed, you should pay attention to the age of the person about whom you are requesting the information. Remember that these questions are only for persons who are five years old or more.


[p.30]
10. Grades completed

With this question you want to know if the person who is interviewed approved or passed any grade or year of studies, and if he/she did, how many grades or years he/she approved or passed at the various levels of education.

It is important that you are clear that this is about years completed or passed. The years that were failed (repeated), the years that are in progress, or the incomplete years do not count.

If the person approved or passed any grade or year of studies, read to the informant all of the educational levels that are in the question.

[Illustration]
-Did you approve or pass any grade or year of studies?

Yes

-How many grades or years did you approve or pass in preschool or kindergarten?

2

-In elementary school?

6

-Technical or commercial studies with elementary school completed?

I didn't study that.

-Secondary?

3

-Technical or commercial studies with secondary completed?

One year of nursing school, but I dropped out.

-In preparatory or baccalaureate?

No. Then I studied teacher's training for 4 years and then I stopped studying.


-Did you approve or pass any grade or year of studies?

Yes

How many grades or years did you approve or pass in preschool or kindergarten?

I didn't go.

-In elementary school?

6

-Technical or commercial studies with elementary school completed?

2

-Secondary?

3

-Technical or commercial studies with secondary completed?

I didn't study that.

-In preparatory or baccalaureate?

3

-Teacher's training?

No.

-Professional?

Well, I went for a few days but I didn't finish any years.

[End of illustration]

If the answer is that the person did not pass any grade or year of studies, continue with the next page where the questions continue for this person.

top
Mexico 1990 — source variable MX1990A_GRADE — Years of schooling completed at highest level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Ask only if this person is five years old or more

If the answer is yes ask:


How many grades or years did the person pass in: (Write the number)

Pre-school or kindergarten

_____ years

Elementary
_____years

Technical or commercial studies after finishing elementary school
_____ years

Secondary school
_____years

Technical or commercial studies after finishing secondary
_____ years

College preparatory
_____ years

Teacher training
_____ years

Professional
_____ years

What is the name of the course of study?
_____Write the name of the course of study

Post-graduate
_____years

Continue with the questions for person number one in the list

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions for persons who are five years old or more

When you ask the questions: 5. Place of previous residency; 6. Indigenous language; 7. Religion; 8. Literacy; 9. School attendance; and 10. Grades completed, you should pay attention to the age of the person about whom you are requesting the information. Remember that these questions are only for persons who are five years old or more.


[p.30]
10. Grades completed

With this question you want to know if the person who is interviewed approved or passed any grade or year of studies, and if he/she did, how many grades or years he/she approved or passed at the various levels of education.

It is important that you are clear that this is about years completed or passed. The years that were failed (repeated), the years that are in progress, or the incomplete years do not count.

If the person approved or passed any grade or year of studies, read to the informant all of the educational levels that are in the question.

[Illustration]
-Did you approve or pass any grade or year of studies?

Yes

-How many grades or years did you approve or pass in preschool or kindergarten?

2

-In elementary school?

6

-Technical or commercial studies with elementary school completed?

I didn't study that.

-Secondary?

3

-Technical or commercial studies with secondary completed?

One year of nursing school, but I dropped out.

-In preparatory or baccalaureate?

No. Then I studied teacher's training for 4 years and then I stopped studying.


-Did you approve or pass any grade or year of studies?

Yes

How many grades or years did you approve or pass in preschool or kindergarten?

I didn't go.

-In elementary school?

6

-Technical or commercial studies with elementary school completed?

2

-Secondary?

3

-Technical or commercial studies with secondary completed?

I didn't study that.

-In preparatory or baccalaureate?

3

-Teacher's training?

No.

-Professional?

Well, I went for a few days but I didn't finish any years.

[End of illustration]

If the answer is that the person did not pass any grade or year of studies, continue with the next page where the questions continue for this person.

top
Mexico 1995 — source variable MX1995A_EDATTAN — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For people 5 years old or older
[Applies to questions 5.1 to 5.4]


Level of instruction
5.4 What is the last year or grade that (Name) spent or passed in school?

Level:
00. None
1. Preschool or kindergarten
2. Primary
3. Secondary
4. Preparatory
5. Basic normal
6. Professional
7. Post graduate
99. Does not know

5.4A Grades ____
5.4B Level ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.1 Illiteracy

The question is directed to the population five years old or older. With it, the ability of the population between six and fourteen years old to read and write is to be known. Also it permits us to distinguish people 15 years older or older who know how to read and write (literate) from those who do not (illiterate).

When the answer is affirmative, circle code 1, in the contrary case, circle code 2.

[p. 102]

A person knows how to read to write when he or she can read and write a message. Not knowing how to read and write is considered when a person can only write his or her name, isolated words, some numbers or can only read ads, signs his or her name and small phrases.

If an informant responds "a little, " "not much," "more or less," "I write with ugly penmanship," it is necessary to know if the person can really read or write. For this, questions are asked like "can you read and write a letter?" or "Can you write something that has happened to you?"

Consider that there are people who know how to read and write and do not necessarily attend or attended school. Also, there are those who attend school yet do not know how to read or write. Because of this, whatever the answer the following questions should not be omitted.


5.4 Level of instruction

The question is asked to all people 5 years old or older with the goal of finding out the highest level of study passed by a person.

Level of instruction is the last grade of studies passed by a person within the formal educational system (preschool or kindergarten, primary, secondary, preparatory, or high school, basic normal, professional and post graduate).

[graphic of the question from the census form]

In this question, only grades or years passed are taking into account, and are written down in column 5.4A, in 5.4B the corresponding code of educational level is registered.

Question 5.4 has the following answer options.

Preschool or kindergarten 1

Register in 5.4A grades or years passed in preschool and in 5.4B code 1 if it is the last level studied by the person.

Primary 2

Code 2 is registered in 5.4B if the person declares those that form this level (from 1st to 4th grade) as the last grade passed. For example, if the response is took the third year of primary, 2 years have been passed, for which 2 grades in level 2 should be written down.

[p. 105]

When a person takes the first year of primary school and declarers to have attended it and
left it not passed and unfinished, ask for the years passed in preschool. If none, register 0 in the grade column and 0 in level. If a person is 12 years old or older go to question 5.5 of Other studies, if younger than this age, continue with the next person on the list.

When it is mentioned "went until fifth," it is important to distinguish if the year mentioned was passed, was not passed or was not finished. The expression "went to fourth" means took the fourth year and, therefore, there are three passed grades in primary school.

For people who mention having completed the six grades of study of primary school in four years, and got their certificate of complete primary school because the plan is structured as such, consider that if they did finish primary school and write down 6 in grades and 2 in level.

On the other hand, when a person has completed primary school in less years then required because of studying in a program of adult education in the system of open education, and received the certificate of complete primary education, register 6 in grades and 2 in level.

For people older than 50 years who declare to have finished primary school, but did not receive the corresponding certificate since they only passed three or four years of study because the there was no possibility of continuing due to the lack of teachers of school being far away, write down the years passed since it is not considered complete primary school.

Secondary 3

People who passed the last year of any of the grades of this level, even in general secondary schools, technical or tele-secondary schools are registered.

When a person declares to have studied secondary school in an open system of adult education, equate it as three years, that is, if it was completed in one year, write down 3 in grades and 3 in level.

In the case of people with any disability (cerebral palsy, mental weaknesses, etc) who have passed years of basic education (primary or secondary), in schools of special education, write down the grades passed and the level in the corresponding spaces. If a person has not or did not pass any year, write down 0 in grades and 0 in level.

[p. 106]

Preparatory or high school 4

Here people who passed the last level and grade in preparatory school, high schools, and technical schools that are equivalent are considered. When this is the situation, write down in 5.4A the grades passed and code 4 in 5.4B.

The educational centers that offer studies equivalent to preparatory or high school are the following:

- School of secondary education.
- School of Sciences and Humanities (CCH).
- Center of Secondary Industrial and Service Technology (CBTIS).
- Center of Secondary Agricultural and Livestock Technology (CBTA).
- Center of Scientific and Technological Studies (CECyT), before vocational.
- Center of Studies of the Sea (CETMar).
- Center of Technological Studies of Continental Waters (CETAC).
- Center of Secondary Forestry Technology (CBTF)
- Preparatory schools

It should be mentioned that in this level, studies done in Conlep (National School of Professional Technical Education) and CETI (Center of Technical Industrial Education) are not considered, since they are not studies equivalent to preparatory, but rather they are for technical purposes. When they tell you this type of study, write down the years passed in secondary school in question 5.4 and, later, register in the question in Other studies, the information about the technical career.

Also , if a person finished preparatory school in two years and can request the certificate write down 3 in grades and 4 in level, since it is equivalent to those normally required.

Normal basic 5

This option finds out information about people who take the Normal Basic whose requisite for joining was finish secondary school. If the requisite is preparatory, then they are considered within the professional level and option 6 is written down.

When an informant declares studies of normal basic and preparatory (high school), ask to pick one and register the grades and level in the corresponding spaces.

Professional 6

Include people with studies at the degree level done in universities, technologies, polytechnics, and other institutions of superior education, public or private, whose requisite to join is preparatory or high school.

[p. 107]

Studies done in the CETAS (Center of Technological Studies in Sub-Aquatic Activities) and Unitec (Technological University) since the precedent or requisite is preparatory or high school and they are three year schools and are not granted the level of degree are not considered in level of instruction. If they declare studies done in any of these institutions, register it as years passed in preparatory in question 5.4 and later, write down the information of technical career in the questions of Other studies.

When an informant responds that the person has finished the career, but does not know how many years were passed, register 4 in grades and 6 in level.

If a case is presented in which the preparatory or degree level is divided in trimesters or semesters, make the conversion to the calendar year according to the following information:

Two semesters, three four semesters, four trimesters, or six two month semesters equal a year.

For example, if an informant declares to have taken three semesters of professional, write down 1 in grades and 6 in level and went to the fifth semester, write down 2 in grades and 6 in level.

Some careers are taken in four and a half years, that is, nine semesters; in the case of passing all of them, only register 4 in grades.

For people who studied two degrees, only register the career that the informant selects, or the one where most years were taken.

In cases of careers that last more than eight years (music in the Conservatory), register 8 in grades and 6 in level.

Social service required in all careers and interment in the case of medicine are not considered passed grades. For example, if an informant declares to have taken the medical career in 7 years, ask if social service is being considered, and if the informant says it is, register 5 in grades.

Post graduate 7

This level means the studies of master and doctorate done after completing and having obtained a degree.

In the case of people who have passed any year of doctorate, add it to the years passed in masters and register them in the corresponding columns.

It should be clear that the specialties of doctors, whose duration is three years, can be equivalent to masters. Also, the subspecialty corresponds [p. 108] with the doctorate and they are studies with the duration of one to three years, so when they declare studies of this type, register them in this option.

On the other hand, diplomas and courses of specialization remain exclusively at the level of instruction, since they are not granted and academic grade and their scholarly precedence and duration vary. When they declare this type of studies, ask for the last grade and level passed in the formal educational system.

In the same way, when a person does not know how many years have been studied due to taking it in an open system of education in parts (primary and secondary) or subject matters (preparatory), make the conversion into calendar years, according to the following scheme:

Level / Grades / Level

Primary

Finished the first part / 4 / 2
Finished the second part / 6 / 2

Secondary

Finished the first part / 1 / 3
Finished the second part / 2 / 3
Finished the third part / 3 / 3

Preparatory

From 12 to 23 subject matters passed / 1 / 4
From 24 to 35 subject matters passed / 2 / 4
36 subject matters or more / 3 / 4

When a person declares to be taking the first grade of any level, register the grades passed in the previous level. For example, if the first year of secondary school is being taken, write down 6 in grades and 2 in level, which indicates that primary school was completed; or if the first year of preparatory school is being taken, write down 3 in grades and 3 in the level that corresponds to the finished secondary school.

If any person has studied in the United States, given the closeness with Mexico, make the following equivalents:

[The column to the left is in English]

Elementary School / Primary
Junior High / Secondary
High school / Preparatory or high school
College or University / Professional
Master or Doctor / Post graduate

When a person studied in any other country, ask what educational level corresponds to their studies with the levels included in the question. Also, investigate the total number of years passed.

[p. 109]

Does not know 99

Finally, if an informant does not know the information about any of the people on the list, register 9 in grades and 9 in level (Does not know).


top
Mexico 2000 — source variable MX2000A_EDACCUM — Years of schooling completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For person five years old or more


Write the number of the last grade attained and circle the level code.

0 None (write 0) ____
1 Pre-school or kindergarten_____
2 Elementary _____
3 Secondary school _____
4 College preparatory _____
5 Teacher training _____
6 Technical or commercial studies _____
7 Professional _____
8 Post-graduate_____


Answers 0, 1,2,3,4 continue with question number 19; answers 5, 6, 7 continue with question 17.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

16. Schooling

Record the last year or grade that the person passed in school and circle the code of the corresponding level; keep in mind the following in answering the question:

If the person is attending a grade in school, write down the previous year or grade that they passed.

If the person finished studying in fewer years, register the grades or years passed, as if they had attended the regular or a different schooling system of education. For example, when they have finished secondary school in the National Institute for the Education of Adults (INEA) in one year, record three years in option 3.Secondary.

[Depiction of this completed question on the enumeration form, and a related drawing]

When they declare semesters, trimesters, etc. write the equivalent in years attained; for this, take into account the following equivalencies: 2 semesters, 3 four-month periods, 4 trimesters, and 6 two-month periods each equal 1 year.

For example, if a person is attending the fourth semester of high school this means that they have not yet finished the second year, thus, write one year for this level.

If they mention that the person studies or studied high school and, as part of this study, a technical major, write the number of years passed under option 4.Preparatory or high school.

If they give you the name of a school ("Unitec", "Conalep", technological or other) or that of a degree (accountant, architecture, social work, nursing, etc.), ask if their studies are at a technical or professional level and record the number of years passed in the corresponding option.

Don't count trained hairdressers, special training and specialty courses. Only for medical specialties (pediatrics, cardiology, among others) should the number of years passed be recorded under the option Masters or doctorate.

[P. 74]

-If the person has done some number of years of a doctorate, add these to the number of years that the masters lasted and write the total number of years under this level.

-If the person studied in another country, ask them to tell you what educational level they studied in, as well as the number of years, and record this in the corresponding level.

top
Mexico 2005 — source variable MX2005A_SCHYR — Cummulative years of schooling
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For people 5 years old or older

3.9 Level of instruction

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.9 and 3.10 are asked to people who are 5 years old or older. For this, check the answer that you wrote down in question 3.3 Age.

If a person who you are interviewing is less than 5 years old, go to the next person in the list.


3.9 Level of instruction

The question permits us to know the highest grade passed by the person in the highest educational level.

Register in the corresponding box the educational level declared, grades or years that a person passed.

[To the right of the text is a form for 3.9 Level of instruction.]

None

They are people who did not pass any grade of studies in school. Include those who only took literacy classes also.

Preschool

They are people who took classes in any grade in preschool or kindergarten.

Primary school

They are people who passed grades 1 to 6 offered in this level.

Secondary school

They are people who passed grades 1 to 3 in this level.

Preparatory school or high school

They are people who passed grades 1 to 3 offered at this level. Some of the schools that offer equivalent studies are:

- High school.
- National Preparatory School.
- Schools of Sciences and Humanities (CCH).
- Center of Artistic Education (CEDART).
- Center of Technical, Industrial and Services School (CBTIS).
- Center of Agricultural and Livestock Technology School (CBTA).
- Center of Scientific and Technology Studies (CECYT) before vocational.
- Center of Studies of the Sea (CETMAR).
- Center of Technological Studies of Continental Waters (CETAC).
- Center of Forestry Technology Schools (CBTF).
- Center of Technological, Industrial and Service Studies (CETIS).
- National School of Professional Technical Education (CONALEP).

Normal

They are people who study or studied to become professors of preschool, primary or secondary schools.

Technical or commercial career

They are people who passed any grade of technical or commercial studies.

Professional

They are people with studies for degrees or its equivalent (engineering, medicine, chemistry) done in universities, technological universities, polytechnic or other institutions of superior education.

Masters

They are people with any grade passed at this level. Include people with grades passed in any medical specialization.

Doctorate

They are people who passed any grade at this level.

[p. 79]

Take into account the following indications:
- If a person declares the grade being taken, write down the previous grade passed.

[Below the text is a filled out form.]

- If a person stopped studying an educational level in more or less years, register the grade passed as if the system of regular or scholarly education had been taken.

[Below the text is a filled out form.]

[p. 80]
- When the answer is in semesters, trimesters, etc. ask for the equivalent in years passed.

[Below the text is a filled out form.]

- If the name of a school (Unitec, Conalep, Monterrey Technology or others) or the name of a major (accounting, architecture, social work, nursing, etc) is declared to you, ask for the level the studies correspond to and write down the grades passed according to the answer.

- If a person studied in another country, ask for the equivalent level of studies in relation to the answer options and write down the grades passed in the corresponding boxes.


3.10 Academic requirements

This question is a complement to the previous. It is applied when the answer in 3.9 Level of instruction, corresponds to any of the codes from 5 to 9 (normal, technical or commercial career, professional, masters or doctorate).

[Below the text are forms for 3.9 Level of instruction and 3.9 Scholarly objective.]

[p. 81]

Ask the question mentioning the level marked previously.

[Below the text is a filled out form.]

- If for studying the normal they indicate to you that the requirement was normal basic, mark code 3, Preparatory school or high school.

top
Mexico 2005Q1 — source variable MX2005H_CS_P13_1 — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2005Q1 — source variable MX2005H_CS_P13_2 — Number of years completed within level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2005Q2 — source variable MX2005I_CS_P13_1 — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2005Q2 — source variable MX2005I_CS_P13_2 — Number of years completed within level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2005Q3 — source variable MX2005J_CS_P13_1 — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2005Q3 — source variable MX2005J_CS_P13_2 — Number of years completed within level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2005Q4 — source variable MX2005K_CS_P13_1 — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2005Q4 — source variable MX2005K_CS_P13_2 — Number of years completed within level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2006Q1 — source variable MX2006H_CS_P13_1 — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2006Q1 — source variable MX2006H_CS_P13_2 — Number of years completed within level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2006Q2 — source variable MX2006I_CS_P13_1 — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2006Q2 — source variable MX2006I_CS_P13_2 — Number of years completed within level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2006Q3 — source variable MX2006J_CS_P13_1 — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2006Q3 — source variable MX2006J_CS_P13_2 — Number of years completed within level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2006Q4 — source variable MX2006K_CS_P13_1 — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2006Q4 — source variable MX2006K_CS_P13_2 — Number of years completed within level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemographic characteristics

13. Education level - What was the last schooling level or school grade that [the respondent] passed?

Level
(If any of the options from 00 to 04, or 99, is chosen, skip to question 17)

[] 00 None
[] 01 Preschool
[] 02 Elementary
[] 03 Secondary
[] 04 High school or GED
[] 05 Teaching school or credential (normal)
[] 06 Vocational/occupational degree
[] 07 Bachelor's degree
[] 08 Master's degree
[] 09 Doctorate degree
[] 99 Doesn't know
Year _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section VII. Sociodemographic characteristics
In this section, the sociodemographic information of the members of the household in the selected home is obtained. The type of information collected varies based on the different age groups and sex of the people subject to the study, as shown on the following chart:

[Omitted figure]

The preceding topic can be seen on the back of the sociodemographic questionnaire, that is, in the next image:

[Omitted figure]

Question 13
This question is asked to people 5 years of age or older to learn the highest level and grade or academic year they have completed, regardless of whether or not they know how to read and write.

Level of education. Refers to studies included in the national education system, or its equivalent in the case of studies abroad.
[Omitted figure]

Instructions:

- Ask this question even when the response to the previous question was that they do not know how to read and write a message.
- Studies to obtain. Consider the studies completed in public and private schools regardless of the SEN modalities: in person school, semi in person school, open, adult education, special education, televised high-school, televised baccalaureate, video baccalaureate, technical or commercial studies, as well as education received in other countries.

This question consists of two columns, level and year. Below we explain how you should record the response to this question.

[Omitted figure]

[Column to record the level]

Educational level

00. None
Assign this code in the case of a person who:
Has not completed any grade or academic year in any level of the national education system starting with primary school.
Has only taken literacy classes.

01. Preschool
Has completed any grade in preschool or kindergarten. This educational cycle comprises three grades, children at age four attend first and second, children five years old attend third.

02. Primary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level (first to sixth grade).

03. Secondary
Has completed any of the grades included in this level.

This level is divided into general secondary, technical secondary and televised secondary, and is taken once primary education is completed, for three years.

Has declared this academic level has been accredited in the Ceneval.

04. Preparatory or baccalaureate
Has studied at this academic level. Preparatory or baccalaureate are inserted in the intermediate to upper level. This is a level taken immediately after secondary for two or three years.

According to the national education system, there are two modalities of intermediate to upper education, both are classified in this code (04):

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory.
2. Technological baccalaureate (bivalent).

Characteristics of these studies:

1. General baccalaureate or college preparatory. The purpose is to expand and reinforce the knowledge acquired in secondary and prepare students in all areas of knowledge so they have sufficient elements to continue their upper level studies. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- Baccalaureate schools
- Baccalaureate schools affiliated with autonomous universities
- State baccalaureate schools
- Federal preparatory schools through cooperation
- Baccalaureate study centers
- Private baccalaureate schools, under its own regulations
- Art baccalaureate schools
- Preparatory school of the federal district
- Open preparatory school
- Army military baccalaureate
- Heroic naval military baccalaureate
- Televised baccalaureate
- National college of professional technical education (Conalep) *
- Ceneval. Include in this option those who have a general baccalaureate diploma accredited with the national upper level education assessment center.
2. Technological baccalaureate. Studies that include a professional training or other college preparatory program. With this academic training, students may acquire the degree of professional technician such that they can immediately enter the productive sector or continue with upper level education studies, if they so desire. Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:
- National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)
- National College of Professional Technical Education (Conalep)
- Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecytes)
- Technological, Industrial and Services Baccalaureate Centers (Cbits).
- Agricultural Technology Baccalaureate Centers (Cbta).
- Pre-vocational Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (Cecyt).
- Centers for Technological Studies of the Sea (Cetmar).
- Centers for Technological Studies of Continental Waters (Cetac).
- Forestry Technological Baccalaureate Centers (Cbtf).
In the case of those studying in Conalep, you must ask which academic cycle they are studying or studied; If they did so after the 1997-1998 cycle, consider their studies bivalent; if they did so prior to this cycle, they are terminal studies in which case they should be classified under code

06 Technical major.

05. Teacher training
Those who are studying or studied in a major to work as preschool, primary or secondary teachers, or a specific subject area (Spanish, English, French, math, music) or physical education or special education (to teach people with learning disabilities, hearing impairment, blind, visual impairment, mental deficiency).

The person may be studying or have studied this type of academic training in public or private institutions, such as:

- Basic teacher training colleges (with a primary or secondary school background). Pre-graduate degree program.
- National Pedagogic University (UPN) or its state representatives.
- Continuing teaching training centers (CAM) through complementary pedagogical studies. This academic plan consists of matching teachers in service who studied a teaching major with a secondary school background, or who only studied at the baccalaureate, so that they acquire the degree of bachelor level teachers.
- Higher Teacher Training College of Mexico (ENSM) or its state representatives.

Exclude from this code majors at the level of graduate's, master's or doctor's degree whose main profile is related to pedagogical training, that is, those assigned to the educational process: conducting research on the process of teaching-learning, evaluation methods, curriculum and educational program design, supervision or administration of educational techniques, among others. This type of studies are classified in codes 07, 08 or 09 (professional, master's or doctor's degree), respectively. Examples of the different majors in teacher training include:

Examples:
- Pedagogy
- Education sciences
- Educational technology
- Education in psycho-pedagogical assistance
- Educational administration
Exclude from this code training, diploma and continuing teaching training courses, as they are not part of a plan aimed at acquiring an academic level.

06. Technical major
Has completed some level of technical major (basic, middle or university) or commercial major, regardless of the requirement for entry: primary, secondary or preparatory. The duration of this type of study can be 1, 2, 3 or even 4 years.

The main characteristics of this type of major is that upon completion of studies, the graduate obtains a degree that allows them to immediately be incorporated into the production or service environment, this is the end of their academic training, so the studies are called terminal, as if the graduate wishes to continue studying at the next level, they must complete secondary, general preparatory or college preparatory, as applicable.

In relation to the latter, there is an exception to the rule: the case of university technical level majors where graduates can terminate their academic training or continue their studies to acquire the graduate degree or engineer degree.

Institutions that provide this type of studies in the country include:

- National Colleges of Professional Technical Education (Conalep), program prior to the 1997-1998 cycle.
- Technical and Industrial Teaching Centers (Ceti)
- Private business schools
- Private technical schools
- Technological universities

Exclude from this code the technical majors for teachers, as they are classified in option 05 Teacher training, prioritizing the teacher profile.

07. Professional
Has studied at this level. This educational level includes studies completed in universities, technological schools, polytechnic schools and other public and private institutions of upper level education, which require preparatory or baccalaureate for entry.

Exclude diplomas, as these do not grant any academic degree and their academic background and duration are very varied; in this case, obtain the last level and year completed in the National Education System.

08 Master's degree
Has completed studies at this level.
This level includes master's studies and are taken after the professional level has been completed.

Consider that the specialty of physicians, whose duration is at least two years, is equivalent to the level of a master's degree.

09. Doctor's degree
Has completed this academic level.
This level includes doctoral studies and is studied after the level of a master's degree has been completed.

The sub-specialty of physicians is equivalent to the doctorate.

Column to record the grade or year completed
- Grades/years completed at time of the interview. When obtaining the information, only record the grades equivalent to academic year(s).

Exclude grades not completed or those being taken at the time of the interview (even if they only have days to complete it).

Remember that the purpose of this question is to identify the number of grades completed, so you must ask this question even if the information indicated in the previous question indicates that a person does not know how to read and write. The procedure is valid because there are people who knew how to read and write, but

for some reason have lost that ability: due to illness, an accident or they have forgotten due to lack of practice.

The following graph of equivalences will allow you to make the correct conversion to record the information when referring to grades different from academic years.

[Omitted figure]

Example:

- Oscar is in the sixth semester of the architecture major, has not yet completed the third year, so you should record two years of study at the professional level.

Grades that do not equate to an academic year. If the information indicates that a person has not yet completed the equivalent to the first school year at a certain academic level, record the information related to the immediately preceding level.

Example:

- Miriam did not complete even the first grade in primary school, but did up to third grade in kindergarten. In this case consider the maximum academic level was three years in preschool.
- Eduardo is in the first semester of the major in tourism technician with a preparatory academic background. Enter the information as follows: 3 years in preparatory.
- Mariana completed the fifth semester of general baccalaureate. Enter that she completed 2 years at this level.

Pre-school or kindergarten studies. At this academic level, the criteria of completion does not apply, as you must only record the last grade a child attended.

How to obtain information on studies in the INEA. When the information refers to studies completed through the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA), record the code for the level indicated (primary or secondary) and in grades the number 6 or 3, respectively, but only if the studies were completed; otherwise, enter code 9.

How to obtain information on studies in the CONAFE. The National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE) provides preschool, primary and secondary education. Of these studies, only the primary education grades do not correspond to those

taken in the regular system. Therefore, when obtaining the information you should record the number of grades completed according to the levels completed in the CONAFE, according to the following levels of equivalence:

[Omitted figure]

According to this table, consider a person to have completed the first grade in primary education in the regular system, if they say that level I was completed in CONAFE; to have completed the fourth grade if they completed level II, and to have completed sixth grade only if they completed level III.

In the case of preschool and secondary studies, adopt the same criteria as the regular system, considering that they are one-to-one equivalents.

- Studies in intermediate to upper level or upper level education in the open system. Ask for the number of courses completed. The following table indicates to which grade it equates in the in-person school system so you can record it according to the level.
[Omitted figure]
- Accreditation of studies through Ceneval. If a person obtained an academic level through this institution, consider them to have completed the years indicated below according to the academic level:
[Omitted figure]
- Social service. Exclude the count of courses completed, the time taken in the social service presentation, regardless of whether they have been completed at the end of the major, as they are part of the academic curriculum.
- Studies completed abroad. If you have questions about the equivalence of levels and academic grades of the United States education system with those of Mexico, consider the following table of equivalences:
[Omitted figure]
- Information that could be illogical. If the information provided appears illogical, for example, that a person has completed a grade or level much higher than matches their age, check the veracity of the data with the informant. If they are correct, write an explanatory note in the comments section.
- Data unknown. When either or both of the data (level or grade completed) are unknown, enter nines in the respective fields.
- Sequence to follow. If you recorded in the level column any of the codes from 00 to 04 or 99, go to question 17; if you recorded any of the codes from 05 to 09, continue with question 14.

top
Mexico 2007Q1 — source variable MX2007H_CS_P13_1 — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Sociodemographic questionnaire

VII. Sociodemog