Codes and Frequencies
Most IPUMS data transformations are performed using variable harmonization tables that specify how each value in the source data is recoded. Some variables also require programming logic in addition to the harmonization table. The harmonization documents for this variable are:
EDUCPH indicates the person's educational attainment in the Philippines in terms of the level of schooling completed and number of years within level.
Comparability — General
The Philippines educational system is composed of 6 years of primary education followed by 4 years of secondary education.
Post-secondary technical and vocational programs leading to an associate degree have a duration of 2 to 3 years, whereas programs leading to a diploma or certificate take 1 to 3 years.
Post-secondary training and associates degrees are treated differently across samples. In 1990, the sample does not distinguish between year of study and completed degrees. The 1995 sample only gives years of study with no degree information. The 2000 and 2010 samples identify years of study and completed degrees.
The first stage of tertiary education is composed of programs that lead to a bachelor's degree. The second stage of tertiary education includes master's degree programs (2 to 3 years) and doctoral degree programs (2 to 3 years).
The treatment of post-graduate university education differs. The instructions for 1990 suggest that graduate education means earning a degree. Persons still pursuing their graduate education are included among post-graduates in 1995, 2000, and 2010.
- Philippines 1990: Persons age 5+
- Philippines 1995: Persons age 5+
- Philippines 2000: Persons age 5+
- Philippines 2010: Persons age 5+
- Philippines: 1990, 1995, 2000, 2010