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Educational attainment, Hungary

Codes and Frequencies

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      class Educhu:public Editor {

    Educhu(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::hu2011a:
            if (HU2011A_0414() == 0 && HU2011A_0406() < 7)
                a = 0;




EDUCHU indicates the person's educational attainment in Hungary in terms of the level of schooling completed.

Comparability — General

Hungary has 8 years of primary and 4 years of secondary schooling. Vocational secondary training has an additional two years.

Category availability differs significantly across census years. The 2001 and 2011 samples pose particularly notable issues.

For primary schooling, 2001 combines persons with no schooling with "some primary". In the 2011 sample, persons with some primary schooling are combined with lower primary (4 years) completed. More significantly, in 2011, the category "primary completed (8 years)" includes those with 5 to 7 years of schooling as well as persons with incomplete secondary education.

All samples identify completion of secondary school, but only the pre-2001 samples specify some secondary schooling after primary. 2011 is the only sample that does not distinguish general and vocational secondary education. Conversely, 2011 is the only year to identify post-secondary non-tertiary education.

Categories also differ significantly over time within tertiary education. Only the 1970 sample identifies persons with some post-secondary in addition to completed post-secondary education. 1980 and 1990 only record diplomas. The 2001 sample gives the least detail, combining everyone with any post-secondary education into a single category. The 2011 sample identifies doctorate-level education. In 2011, "university completed" appears to include occupational degrees.

The unharmonized source variables prior to 2000 give additional detail not retained in EDUCHU.


  • Hungary 1970: Persons age 6+
  • Hungary 1980: Persons age 7+
  • Hungary 1990: Persons age 7+
  • Hungary 2001: Persons age 7+
  • Hungary 2011: Persons age 7+


  • Hungary: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2001, 2011