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EDUCES
Educational attainment, Spain

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

EDUCES indicates the person's educational attainment in Spain in terms of the level of schooling completed.

Comparability — General

The education system in Spain changed from a 5-3-3 or 5-3-2-3 to a 6-4-2 structure in 1990.

  • Before 1990, primary had 5 grades and lower secondary 3 grades, which were part of the general basic education (EGB, in Spanish). Upper secondary offered a general and a professional track. The general track of upper secondary lasted 3 years, leading to a Baccalaureate diploma and allowing access to university. The professional track had a first level leading to an Auxiliary Technician diploma (2 years) and a second level leading to a Specialist Technician diploma (3 years).
  • After 1990, primary has 6 grades, lower secondary 4 grades, and the general track of upper secondary 2 grades. The primary and lower secondary constitute the compulsory secondary education (ESO, in Spanish). The upper secondary professional track offers two level. The first level requires completing ESO and leads to a Technician diploma, while the second level requires completing upper secondary and leads to a Higher Technician diploma.

The 1991, 2001, and 2011 samples are similar, but 1981 is notably different from the later years. The 1981 sample gives more detail for primary schooling and less detail for secondary and post-secondary. The 1981 sample notes when a person has not completed their highest level, and these cases are coded to the last level actually completed. After the 2001 census sample, the old system coexists with one where the last stage of EGB was replaced by ESO. Both are recorded under the "middle school" category. The different high school tracks are distinguished in 1991, 2001, and 2011, but are combined in 1981.

Higher education consists of associate (3 years), bachelor (4-6 years), master (1-2 years), and Ph.D. degrees (1-2 years). Persons with graduate educations are combined with other college graduates in 1981, but they are identifiable in later years. The 2011 sample includes additional categories for higher education that reflect reforms for this level after the 2000's.

The Spain labor force surveys include categories that are equivalent to those in censuses, but offer only one category grouping all post-secondary education, both university and non-university degrees.

Universe

  • Spain 1991: Persons age 10+
  • Spain 2001: Perons who reside in the household
  • Spain 2005Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2005Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2005Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2005Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2006Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2006Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2006Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2006Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2007Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2007Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2007Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2007Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2008Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2008Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2008Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2008Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2009Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2009Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2009Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2009Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2010Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2010Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2010Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2010Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2011: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2011Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2011Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2011Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2011Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2012Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2012Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2012Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2012Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2013Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2013Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2013Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2013Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2014Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2014Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2014Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2014Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2015Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2015Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2015Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2015Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2016Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2016Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2016Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2016Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2017Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2017Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2017Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2017Q4: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2018Q1: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2018Q2: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2018Q3: Persons age 16+
  • Spain 2018Q4: Persons age 16+

Availability

  • Spain: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2005Q1, 2005Q2, 2005Q3, 2005Q4, 2006Q1, 2006Q2, 2006Q3, 2006Q4, 2007Q1, 2007Q2, 2007Q3, 2007Q4, 2008Q1, 2008Q2, 2008Q3, 2008Q4, 2009Q1, 2009Q2, 2009Q3, 2009Q4, 2010Q1, 2010Q2, 2010Q3, 2010Q4, 2011, 2011Q1, 2011Q2, 2011Q3, 2011Q4, 2012Q1, 2012Q2, 2012Q3, 2012Q4, 2013Q1, 2013Q2, 2013Q3, 2013Q4, 2014Q1, 2014Q2, 2014Q3, 2014Q4, 2015Q1, 2015Q2, 2015Q3, 2015Q4, 2016Q1, 2016Q2, 2016Q3, 2016Q4, 2017Q1, 2017Q2, 2017Q3, 2017Q4, 2018Q1, 2018Q2, 2018Q3, 2018Q4