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HHTYPE
Household classification

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

HHTYPE is a constructed variable that describes the composition of households.
HHTYPE is constructed from information in RELATE (relationship to head), from the constructed pointer variables SPLOC, MOMLOC, and POPLOC (location of spouse, mother, and father), and from information on group quarters status, GQ.

Comparability — General

The variable is relatively comparable across samples, although there is variation in relationship detail and in the specific information used to make the pointer links.

No household constructed variables are available for the individual-level samples that do not contain entire households of persons.

Household type is constructed from the perspective of the household head and roughly follows the classification system recommended by the UN Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses (Revision 2). We start by identifying members of the family nuclei (the household head, spouse, and children), and distinguish households containing only these immediate family members from those containing additional relatives and non-relatives. Note that other relatives and non-relatives who are in a consensual union with the household head are treated as spouse/partners for the purposes of HHTYPE construction. Finally, information on the presence of subfamilies SUBFNUM and the relationship between subfamily members and the household head are used when available.

In some instances, households could not be classified because of conflicting information between relationship to household head, age, or marital status.

The codes for HHTYPE are as follows:

0 = Vacant

1 = One-person household

2 = Married or cohabiting couple, no children

Household contains only a head and one spouse/partner of the head; the head and spouse/partner must be linked by SPLOC.

3 = Married or cohabiting couple, with children

Household contains only a head and one spouse/partner of the head, and children of the head and spouse; the head and spouse/partner must be linked by SPLOC, the children must be linked to the head and spouse by MOMLOC and POPLOC.

4 = Lone parent family

Household contains only a head and children of the head; the children must be linked to the head by MOMLOC or POPLOC.

5 = Polygamous family

Household contains one head, multiple spouses, and children; the spouses must all link to the head by SPLOC, the children must be linked by MOMLOC and POPLOC.

6 = Extended family household

Household contains additional relatives of the head, including children-in-law, grandchildren, and parents. All members of the household must be related to the head.

7 = Composite household, family household with non-relatives

Household contains both relatives and non-relatives.

8 = Non-relative household

Household contains only people unrelated to the household head and was not identified as an institution. In a small number of cases, there is no household head.

9 = Unclassified subfamily household

Household contains at least one subfamily, but the relationship between members of the subfamily and the household head are unknown. Although we cannot distinguish the specific household type, we know that these households contain extended families, composite families, or non-relative households. This household type appears only in Brazil 1960 and 1970, Hungary 1970 and 2001, Ireland (except 1996), and Senegal 1988.

10 = Other relative or non-relative household

Household contains an individual with the relationship code "other relative or non-relative".

11 = Group quarters

Household is identified in the GQ variable as group quarters. When group quarters status is unknown, households are identified based on the presence of individuals with a relationship code indicating institutional residence.

99 = Unclassifiable

In some instances, it was impossible to classify households into these categories. This could occur when information on relationship, age, sex, and marital status were in conflict, or because information on household structure or relationship was uncertain. These households receive the code 99 and include the following situations:
Household contained individual with unknown relationship to head.

Household contained multiple spouses in a sample without polygamy.

Head and spouse were not linked by SPLOC because age or sex incompatibility.

Head and child were not linked by MOMLOC or POPLOC because of age incompatibility.

A large household was split into individual records (GQ = 29).

Household contains multiple heads or is a family household that does not contain a household head.

Universe

  • All households

Availability

  • Argentina: 1970, 1980, 1991, 2001
  • Armenia: 2001, 2011
  • Austria: 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001
  • Bangladesh: 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Belarus: 1999, 2009
  • Benin: 1979, 1992, 2002, 2013
  • Bolivia: 1976, 1992, 2001
  • Botswana: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Brazil: 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010
  • Burkina Faso: 1996, 2006
  • Cambodia: 1998, 2008
  • Cameroon: 1976, 1987, 2005
  • Canada: 1891, 1901, 1911, 2011
  • Chile: 1970, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • China: 1982, 1990, 2000
  • Colombia: 1973, 1985, 1993, 2005
  • Costa Rica: 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011
  • Cuba: 2002
  • Denmark: 1787, 1801
  • Dominican Republic: 1981, 2002, 2010
  • Ecuador: 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001, 2010
  • Egypt: 1986, 1996, 2006
  • El Salvador: 1992, 2007
  • Ethiopia: 1984, 1994, 2007
  • Fiji: 1976, 1986, 1996, 2007
  • France: 1962, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2011
  • Ghana: 2000, 2010
  • Greece: 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001
  • Guinea: 1983, 1996
  • Haiti: 1971, 1982, 2003
  • Honduras: 1974, 1988, 2001
  • Hungary: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2001, 2011
  • Iceland: 1703, 1729, 1801, 1901, 1910
  • India: 1983, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2004, 2009
  • Indonesia: 1971, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • Iran: 2006, 2011
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Ireland: 1971, 1979, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2002, 2006, 2011
  • Israel: 1972, 1983, 1995
  • Italy: 2001, 2011
  • Jamaica: 1982, 1991, 2001
  • Jordan: 2004
  • Kenya: 1969, 1989, 1999, 2009
  • Kyrgyz Republic: 1999, 2009
  • Lesotho: 1996, 2006
  • Liberia: 2008
  • Malawi: 1987, 1998, 2008
  • Malaysia: 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000
  • Mali: 1987, 1998, 2009
  • Mexico: 1970, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2010, 2015
  • Mongolia: 1989, 2000
  • Morocco: 1982, 1994, 2004
  • Mozambique: 1997, 2007
  • Nicaragua: 1971, 1995, 2005
  • Nigeria: 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010
  • Norway: 1801, 1865, 1875, 1900, 1910
  • Pakistan: 1973, 1998
  • Palestine: 1997, 2007
  • Panama: 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Papua New Guinea: 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011
  • Paraguay: 1962, 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • Peru: 1993, 2007
  • Philippines: 1990, 1995, 2000, 2010
  • Poland: 1978, 2002
  • Portugal: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Puerto Rico: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • Romania: 1977, 1992, 2002, 2011
  • Rwanda: 1991, 2002, 2012
  • Saint Lucia: 1980, 1991
  • Senegal: 1988, 2002
  • Sierra Leone: 2004
  • Slovenia: 2002
  • South Africa: 1996, 2001, 2007, 2011
  • South Sudan: 2008
  • Spain: 1991, 2001
  • Sudan: 2008
  • Sweden: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910
  • Switzerland: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Tanzania: 1988, 2002, 2012
  • Thailand: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 1970, 1980, 2000, 2011
  • Turkey: 1985, 1990, 2000
  • Uganda: 1991, 2002
  • United Kingdom: 1851a, 1851b, 1851c, 1861a, 1861b, 1871, 1881a, 1881b, 1891a, 1891b, 1901a, 1901b, 1911, 1991
  • United States: 1850a, 1850b, 1860, 1870, 1880a, 1880b, 1900, 1910, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015
  • Uruguay: 1963, 1963, 1975, 1975, 1985, 1985, 1996, 1996, 2006, 2011, 2011
  • Venezuela: 1971, 1981, 1990, 2001
  • Vietnam: 1989, 1999, 2009
  • Zambia: 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Zimbabwe: 2012