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SPLOC
Spouse's location in household

SPLOC is a 3-digit numeric variable.

Codes

0 = No spouse of this person present in the household.
1 or higher = The person number of this person's spouse

Description

SPLOC is a constructed variable that indicates whether or not the person's spouse lived in the same household and, if so, gives the person number (PERNUM) of the spouse. SPLOC makes it easy for researchers to link the characteristics of (probable) spouses.

The method by which probable spouse-spouse links are identified is described in SPRULE.

The general design of SPLOC and other constructed variables is modeled on the methods developed for IPUMS-USA "Family Interrelationships", but the details vary significantly.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Spain
United States

Comparability — General

SPLOC is comparable across samples, but the quality of specific links is dependent on the relationship information available in each dataset.

In polygamous unions, each female spouse identifies the husband's person number in SPLOC. The husband in polygamous unions links to the first female spouse that links to him, which will generally be the most proximate in the data. The variables POLYMAL and POLY2ND identify males with more than one wife linked to them and females who are the second or higher order linked wife of a man.

The samples containing SPLOC have corresponding variables that identify each person's mother (MOMLOC) and father (POPLOC).

No constructed family interrelationship variables are available for the individual-level samples that do not contain entire households of persons (see the samples page "notes" column.).

Comparability — Spain [top]

The data for Spain 2011 are unlike the data from other samples. They are actual census responses, not constructed by IPUMS. The values reported in SPLOC refer to the person number reported in the original data (ES2011A_0400), which does not always match IPUMS PERNUM.

Comparability — United States [top]

For 1850-1870, relationships to the household head are imputed.  In those years, SPLOC is based on imputed family relationships. For more information, see the IPUMS-USA user guide.

Universe

  • Argentina 1970: All persons
  • Argentina 1980: All persons
  • Argentina 1991: All persons
  • Argentina 2001: All persons
  • Armenia 2001: All persons
  • Armenia 2011: All persons
  • Austria 1971: All persons
  • Austria 1981: All persons
  • Austria 1991: All persons
  • Austria 2001: All persons
  • Bangladesh 1991: All persons
  • Bangladesh 2001: All persons
  • Bangladesh 2011: All persons
  • Belarus 1999: All persons
  • Belarus 2009: All persons
  • Benin 1979: All persons
  • Benin 1992: All persons
  • Benin 2002: All persons
  • Benin 2013: All persons
  • Bolivia 1976: All persons
  • Bolivia 1992: All persons
  • Bolivia 2001: All persons
  • Botswana 1981: All persons
  • Botswana 1991: All persons
  • Botswana 2001: All persons
  • Botswana 2011: All persons
  • Brazil 1960: All persons
  • Brazil 1970: All persons
  • Brazil 1980: All persons
  • Brazil 1991: All persons
  • Brazil 2000: All persons
  • Brazil 2010: All persons
  • Burkina Faso 1996: All persons
  • Burkina Faso 2006: All persons
  • Cambodia 1998: All persons
  • Cambodia 2008: All persons
  • Cameroon 1976: All persons
  • Cameroon 1987: All persons
  • Cameroon 2005: All persons
  • Canada 2011: All persons
  • Chile 1970: All persons
  • Chile 1982: All persons
  • Chile 1992: All persons
  • Chile 2002: All persons
  • China 1982: All persons
  • China 1990: All persons
  • China 2000: All persons
  • Colombia 1973: All persons
  • Colombia 1985: All persons
  • Colombia 1993: All persons
  • Colombia 2005: All persons
  • Costa Rica 1973: All persons
  • Costa Rica 1984: All persons
  • Costa Rica 2000: All persons
  • Costa Rica 2011: All persons
  • Cuba 2002: All persons
  • Dominican Republic 1981: All persons
  • Dominican Republic 2002: All persons
  • Dominican Republic 2010: All persons
  • Ecuador 1974: All persons
  • Ecuador 1982: All persons
  • Ecuador 1990: All persons
  • Ecuador 2001: All persons
  • Ecuador 2010: All persons
  • Egypt 1986: All persons
  • Egypt 1996: All persons
  • Egypt 2006: All persons
  • El Salvador 1992: All persons
  • El Salvador 2007: All persons
  • Ethiopia 1984: All persons
  • Ethiopia 1994: All persons
  • Ethiopia 2007: All persons
  • Fiji 1976: All persons
  • Fiji 1986: All persons
  • Fiji 1996: All persons
  • Fiji 2007: All persons
  • France 1962: All persons
  • France 1968: All persons
  • France 1975: All persons
  • France 1982: All persons
  • France 1990: All persons
  • France 1999: All persons
  • France 2006: All persons
  • France 2011: All persons
  • Germany 1971: All persons
  • Germany 1981: All persons
  • Germany 1987: All persons
  • Ghana 2000: All persons
  • Ghana 2010: All persons
  • Greece 1971: All persons
  • Greece 1981: All persons
  • Greece 1991: All persons
  • Greece 2001: All persons
  • Guinea 1983: All persons
  • Guinea 1996: All persons
  • Haiti 1971: All persons
  • Haiti 1982: All persons
  • Haiti 2003: All persons
  • Honduras 1974: All persons
  • Honduras 1988: All persons
  • Honduras 2001: All persons
  • Hungary 1970: All persons
  • Hungary 1980: All persons
  • Hungary 1990: All persons
  • Hungary 2001: All persons
  • Hungary 2011: All persons
  • India 1983: All persons
  • India 1987: All persons
  • India 1993: All persons
  • India 1999: All persons
  • India 2004: All persons
  • India 2009: All persons
  • Indonesia 1971: All persons
  • Indonesia 1976: All persons
  • Indonesia 1980: All persons
  • Indonesia 1985: All persons
  • Indonesia 1990: All persons
  • Indonesia 1995: All persons
  • Indonesia 2000: All persons
  • Indonesia 2005: All persons
  • Indonesia 2010: All persons
  • Iran 2006: All persons
  • Iran 2011: All persons
  • Iraq 1997: All persons
  • Ireland 1971: All persons
  • Ireland 1979: All persons
  • Ireland 1981: All persons
  • Ireland 1986: All persons
  • Ireland 1991: All persons
  • Ireland 1996: All persons
  • Ireland 2002: All persons
  • Ireland 2006: All persons
  • Ireland 2011: All persons
  • Israel 1972: All persons
  • Israel 1983: All persons
  • Israel 1995: All persons
  • Italy 2001: All persons
  • Italy 2011: All persons
  • Jamaica 1982: All persons
  • Jamaica 1991: All persons
  • Jamaica 2001: All persons
  • Jordan 2004: All persons
  • Kenya 1969: All persons
  • Kenya 1989: All persons
  • Kenya 1999: All persons
  • Kenya 2009: All persons
  • Kyrgyz Republic 1999: All persons
  • Kyrgyz Republic 2009: All persons
  • Lesotho 1996: All persons
  • Lesotho 2006: All persons
  • Liberia 2008: All persons
  • Malawi 1987: All persons
  • Malawi 1998: All persons
  • Malawi 2008: All persons
  • Malaysia 1970: All persons
  • Malaysia 1980: All persons
  • Malaysia 1991: All persons
  • Malaysia 2000: All persons
  • Mali 1987: All persons
  • Mali 1998: All persons
  • Mali 2009: All persons
  • Mexico 1970: All persons
  • Mexico 1990: All persons
  • Mexico 1995: All persons
  • Mexico 2000: All persons
  • Mexico 2010: All persons
  • Mexico 2015: All persons
  • Mongolia 1989: All persons
  • Mongolia 2000: All persons
  • Morocco 1982: All persons
  • Morocco 1994: All persons
  • Morocco 2004: All persons
  • Mozambique 1997: All persons
  • Mozambique 2007: All persons
  • Nicaragua 1971: All persons
  • Nicaragua 1995: All persons
  • Nicaragua 2005: All persons
  • Nigeria 2006: All persons
  • Nigeria 2007: All persons
  • Nigeria 2008: All persons
  • Nigeria 2009: All persons
  • Nigeria 2010: All persons
  • Pakistan 1973: All persons
  • Pakistan 1998: All persons
  • Palestine 1997: All persons
  • Palestine 2007: All persons
  • Panama 1960: All persons
  • Panama 1970: All persons
  • Panama 1980: All persons
  • Panama 1990: All persons
  • Panama 2000: All persons
  • Panama 2010: All persons
  • Papua New Guinea 1980: All persons
  • Papua New Guinea 1990: All persons
  • Papua New Guinea 2000: All persons
  • Paraguay 1962: All persons
  • Paraguay 1972: All persons
  • Paraguay 1982: All persons
  • Paraguay 1992: All persons
  • Paraguay 2002: All persons
  • Peru 1993: All persons
  • Peru 2007: All persons
  • Philippines 1990: All persons
  • Philippines 1995: All persons
  • Philippines 2000: All persons
  • Philippines 2010: All persons
  • Poland 1978: All persons
  • Poland 2002: All persons
  • Portugal 1981: All persons
  • Portugal 1991: All persons
  • Portugal 2001: All persons
  • Portugal 2011: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 1970: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 1980: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 1990: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 2000: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 2005: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 2010: All persons
  • Romania 1977: All persons
  • Romania 1992: All persons
  • Romania 2002: All persons
  • Romania 2011: All persons
  • Rwanda 1991: All persons
  • Rwanda 2002: All persons
  • Rwanda 2012: All persons
  • Saint Lucia 1980: All persons
  • Saint Lucia 1991: All persons
  • Senegal 1988: All persons
  • Senegal 2002: All persons
  • Sierra Leone 2004: All persons
  • Slovenia 2002: All persons
  • South Africa 1996: All persons
  • South Africa 2001: All persons
  • South Africa 2007: All persons
  • South Africa 2011: All persons
  • South Sudan 2008: All persons
  • Spain 1991: All persons
  • Spain 2001: All persons
  • Spain 2011: All persons
  • Sudan 2008: All persons
  • Switzerland 1970: All persons
  • Switzerland 1980: All persons
  • Switzerland 1990: All persons
  • Switzerland 2000: All persons
  • Tanzania 1988: All persons
  • Tanzania 2002: All persons
  • Tanzania 2012: All persons
  • Thailand 1970: All persons
  • Thailand 1980: All persons
  • Thailand 1990: All persons
  • Thailand 2000: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1970: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1980: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2000: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2011: All persons
  • Turkey 1985: All persons
  • Turkey 1990: All persons
  • Turkey 2000: All persons
  • Uganda 1991: All persons
  • Uganda 2002: All persons
  • United Kingdom 1991: All persons
  • United States 1960: All persons
  • United States 1970: All persons
  • United States 1980: All persons
  • United States 1990: All persons
  • United States 2000: All persons
  • United States 2005: All persons
  • United States 2010: All persons
  • United States 2015: All persons
  • Uruguay 1963: All persons
  • Uruguay 1975: All persons
  • Uruguay 1985: All persons
  • Uruguay 1996: All persons
  • Uruguay 2006: All persons
  • Uruguay 2011: All persons
  • Venezuela 1971: All persons
  • Venezuela 1981: All persons
  • Venezuela 1990: All persons
  • Venezuela 2001: All persons
  • Vietnam 1989: All persons
  • Vietnam 1999: All persons
  • Vietnam 2009: All persons
  • Zambia 1990: All persons
  • Zambia 2000: All persons
  • Zambia 2010: All persons
  • Zimbabwe 2012: All persons

Availability

  • Argentina: 1970, 1980, 1991, 2001
  • Armenia: 2001, 2011
  • Austria: 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001
  • Bangladesh: 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Belarus: 1999, 2009
  • Benin: 1979, 1992, 2002, 2013
  • Bolivia: 1976, 1992, 2001
  • Botswana: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Brazil: 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010
  • Burkina Faso: 1996, 2006
  • Cambodia: 1998, 2008
  • Cameroon: 1976, 1987, 2005
  • Canada: 1891, 1901, 1911, 2011
  • Chile: 1970, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • China: 1982, 1990, 2000
  • Colombia: 1973, 1985, 1993, 2005
  • Costa Rica: 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011
  • Cuba: 2002
  • Denmark: 1787, 1801
  • Dominican Republic: 1981, 2002, 2010
  • Ecuador: 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001, 2010
  • Egypt: 1986, 1996, 2006
  • El Salvador: 1992, 2007
  • Ethiopia: 1984, 1994, 2007
  • Fiji: 1976, 1986, 1996, 2007
  • France: 1962, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2011
  • Germany: 1971, 1981, 1987
  • Ghana: 2000, 2010
  • Greece: 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001
  • Guinea: 1983, 1996
  • Haiti: 1971, 1982, 2003
  • Honduras: 1974, 1988, 2001
  • Hungary: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2001, 2011
  • Iceland: 1703, 1729, 1801, 1901, 1910
  • India: 1983, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2004, 2009
  • Indonesia: 1971, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • Iran: 2006, 2011
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Ireland: 1971, 1979, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2002, 2006, 2011
  • Israel: 1972, 1983, 1995
  • Italy: 2001, 2011
  • Jamaica: 1982, 1991, 2001
  • Jordan: 2004
  • Kenya: 1969, 1989, 1999, 2009
  • Kyrgyz Republic: 1999, 2009
  • Lesotho: 1996, 2006
  • Liberia: 2008
  • Malawi: 1987, 1998, 2008
  • Malaysia: 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000
  • Mali: 1987, 1998, 2009
  • Mexico: 1970, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2010, 2015
  • Mongolia: 1989, 2000
  • Morocco: 1982, 1994, 2004
  • Mozambique: 1997, 2007
  • Nicaragua: 1971, 1995, 2005
  • Nigeria: 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010
  • Norway: 1801, 1865, 1875, 1900, 1910
  • Pakistan: 1973, 1998
  • Palestine: 1997, 2007
  • Panama: 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Papua New Guinea: 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011
  • Paraguay: 1962, 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • Peru: 1993, 2007
  • Philippines: 1990, 1995, 2000, 2010
  • Poland: 1978, 2002
  • Portugal: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Puerto Rico: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • Romania: 1977, 1992, 2002, 2011
  • Rwanda: 1991, 2002, 2012
  • Saint Lucia: 1980, 1991
  • Senegal: 1988, 2002
  • Sierra Leone: 2004
  • Slovenia: 2002
  • South Africa: 1996, 2001, 2007, 2011
  • South Sudan: 2008
  • Spain: 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Sudan: 2008
  • Sweden: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910
  • Switzerland: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Tanzania: 1988, 2002, 2012
  • Thailand: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 1970, 1980, 2000, 2011
  • Turkey: 1985, 1990, 2000
  • Uganda: 1991, 2002
  • United Kingdom: 1851a, 1851b, 1851c, 1861a, 1861b, 1871, 1881a, 1881b, 1891a, 1891b, 1901a, 1901b, 1911, 1991
  • United States: 1850a, 1850b, 1860, 1870, 1880a, 1880b, 1900, 1910, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015
  • Uruguay: 1963, 1963, 1975, 1975, 1985, 1985, 1996, 1996, 2006, 2011, 2011
  • Venezuela: 1971, 1981, 1990, 2001
  • Vietnam: 1989, 1999, 2009
  • Zambia: 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Zimbabwe: 2012