This variable is not available for any of the currently selected samples.
Most IPUMS data transformations are performed using variable harmonization tables that specify how each value in the source data is recoded. Some variables also require programming logic in addition to the harmonization table. The harmonization documents for this variable are:
- Complex/technical variable: contact email@example.com for details.
SPRULEH explains the criteria by which the variable SPLOC linked the person to a probable spouse for the pre-1950 datasets.
Spouse-spouse links are established according to four basic rules, and SPRULEH gives the number of the rule that applied to the link in question.
SPRULEH works the same way for all countries. In all countries both partners are required to be age 12 and older and to either have a marital status of married or be the unmarried partner of the household head (see MARST and RELATEH). In addition, both partners were required to share the same surname, except when linking heads to spouses or in the Scandinavian samples where SURSIM does not capture family relationships (e.g. patronymic surnames in Norway and non-reporting of child surnames in Sweden). In some samples, however, we were compelled to customize the links beyond what could be implemented more generally.
The codes for SPRULEH are as follows. A lower-numbered rule (greater than 0) takes precedence over a higher numbered rule. All relationship pairings are not available in every sample. Additional conditions were added to the rules for some samples.
0 = No spouse of this person present in household.
1 = A married/in-union woman and a married/in-union man were linked because she immediately followed or preceded him in the dataset and both persons' relationship to the household head (see RELATEH) justified a link, as follows:
Unmarried partner to spouse
Parent to parent
Parent-in-law to parent-in-law
Child to child-in-law
Sibling to sibling-in-law
2 = A married woman and a married man who did not appear adjacently on the form were linked because:
the woman was at least 13 years old
the man was at least 15 years old
the man was not more than 25 years older than the woman, AND
the woman was not more than 10 years older than the man.
3 = A married/in-union woman and a married/in-union man were linked because she immediately followed or preceded him in the dataset and both persons' relationship to the household head (RELATEH) suggested a possible pairing and the female spouse was no more than 10 years older or 25 years younger than the male spouse. The possible relationship pairings are as follows:
Non-relative to non-relative (RELATEH codes 1000-1303)
Child to other relative
Sibling to other relative
Grandchild to grandchild-in-law
Grandparent to grandparent/grandparent-in-law/grandparent-in-law
Grandchild to other relative
Aunt to uncle
Nephew/niece to nephew/niece
Cousin to cousin
Unknown to unknown; missing to missing
Head to unknown or missing
Child to unknown or missing
4 = Same as rule 3, but the married/in-union woman was not adjacent to the married/in-union man in the data.
Comparability — Index
Comparability — General
This variable is comparable for all countries. The distribution of codes and the quality of the links varies due to the nature of the underlying data.
- Canada: 1891, 1901, 1911
- Denmark: 1787, 1801
- Iceland: 1703, 1729, 1801, 1901, 1910
- Norway: 1801, 1865, 1875, 1900, 1910
- Sweden: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910
- United Kingdom: 1851a, 1851b, 1851c, 1861a, 1861b, 1871b, 1881a, 1881b, 1891a, 1891b, 1901a, 1901b, 1911
- United States: 1880a, 1880b, 1900, 1910