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GEOMIG1_P
1st subnational geographic level of previous residence, world [consistent boundaries over time]

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

GEOMIG1_P indicates the major administrative unit in which the person previously resided prior to the survey. Only intra-national migrations are recorded; however, the variable incorporates geographies for every country that lists place of previous residence, to enable comparative analysis of subnational migration. Foreign migrants are coded 097 or 997. Codes for GEOMIG1_1 match the geographic codes in GEOLEV1 (current place of residence).
For similar information for different time intervals since migration, see variables GEOMIG1_1, GEOMIG1_5, and GEOMIG1_10. More on migration and geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

The major administrative level of geography differs between countries both terminologically and in terms of scale. The first three digits of GEOMIG1_P provide the country code (COUNTRY); the last three digits specify the geographic unit within country. Leading zeros are used when the geographical unit within the country requires less than three digits. Unknown geographical units in any country are assigned the highest possible code within the country.
This variable is comparable across samples, although the number of geographic units specified varies considerably. See the country-specific comparability discussions for more information of each specific country.

Universe

  • Armenia 2001: Persons who did not live in their birthplaces
  • Armenia 2011: Persons who ever lived outside their current locality of residence
  • Belarus 1999: Persons not born in their current place of residence
  • Benin 1979: All households
  • Benin 1992: All households
  • Benin 2002: All households
  • Benin 2013: All households
  • Brazil 1960: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Brazil 1970: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Brazil 1980: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Brazil 1991: Persons who were born in a different state or have lived in their current state for less than 10 years
  • Brazil 2000: Persons who have lived outside of their current municipality during the last 10 years
  • Brazil 2010: Persons who have lived outside of their current municipality during the last 10 years
  • Cambodia 1998: Persons born in a different village
  • Cambodia 2004: All persons
  • Cambodia 2008: Persons born in a different village
  • Cambodia 2013: Persons born in a different village
  • Cameroon 1976: Persons who have changed residence
  • Cameroon 1987: Persons in private households who have changed residence
  • Cameroon 2005: Residents of the household who have changed residence
  • Chile 1960: Migrants
  • Colombia 1964: All persons
  • Colombia 1973: All persons
  • Costa Rica 1963: All persons
  • Cuba 2002: Persons who ever lived in another province or country
  • Cuba 2012: Persons who ever lived in another province or country
  • Ecuador 1962: Persons who ever lived in a different city or parish
  • Ecuador 1974: All persons
  • Egypt 1986: All persons
  • Egypt 1996: All persons
  • Egypt 2006: Non-visitors
  • El Salvador 1992: Persons who ever lived in a different canton
  • El Salvador 2007: Persons who ever lived in a different canton
  • France 1962: All persons
  • France 1968: All persons
  • France 1975: All persons
  • France 1982: All persons
  • France 1990: All persons
  • France 1999: All persons
  • Guatemala 1964: Persons who ever migrated
  • Guatemala 1981: All persons
  • Guatemala 1994: Persons who ever migrated
  • Guinea 1996: Household residents
  • Guinea 2014: All persons
  • Haiti 1971: All persons
  • India 1983: Persons whose enumeration place differs from their place of birth
  • India 1987: Persons whose enumeration place differs from their place of birth
  • India 1999: Persons whose enumeration place differs from their place of birth
  • Indonesia 1971: Persons who have lived in another province
  • Indonesia 1980: Persons who have lived in another province
  • Indonesia 1985: Persons who have lived in another regency/municipality
  • Indonesia 1990: Persons who have lived in another province
  • Indonesia 1995: Persons who have lived in another regency/municipality
  • Indonesia 2005: Persons who have lived in another regency/municipality
  • Iran 2011: Persons who relocated to a different province or from abroad
  • Iraq 1997: All persons
  • Jamaica 1982: Persons in private households or selected group quarters, born in Jamaica
  • Jamaica 1991: Persons in private households or selected group quarters, born in Jamaica
  • Jamaica 2001: Persons who were born in Jamaica
  • Kyrgyz Republic 1999: Persons who ever moved between districts
  • Malawi 2008: Non-visitors
  • Mali 1998: Non-visitors
  • Mali 2009: Persons whose previous residence was in Mali
  • Mexico 1960: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 1970: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 1995: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2005Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2005Q2: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2005Q3: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2005Q4: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2006Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2006Q2: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2007Q2: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2008Q2: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2009Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2010Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2011Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2012Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2013Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2014Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2015Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2016Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2017Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2018Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2019Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mexico 2020Q1: Persons not living in their state of birth
  • Mongolia 2000: Persons who ever migrated between provinces
  • Myanmar 2014: Persons not living in institutional households
  • Panama 1960: All persons
  • Panama 1970: All persons
  • Panama 1980: All persons except those in indigenous dwellings
  • Panama 2000: All persons
  • Panama 2010: All persons
  • Philippines 1990: Persons age 5+ born in a different municipality
  • Romania 1977: Persons born in a different locality
  • Romania 1992: Persons born in a different county
  • Romania 2002: Persons born in a different county
  • Rwanda 1991: Non-visitors who changed their residence
  • Rwanda 2002: Non-visitors who changed their residence
  • Slovenia 2002: Persons born in a different locality
  • South Africa 2007: Persons in private households
  • South Africa 2011: Persons in private households
  • South Africa 2016: Persons in private households
  • Spain 1991: Persons who resided in another municipality within the past 10 years
  • Spain 2001: Persons who resided in a different municipality in the past
  • Spain 2011: Persons who resided in a different municipality in the past
  • Suriname 2012: All persons
  • Thailand 1970: Persons age 5+ who changed province in the past 5 years
  • Thailand 1980: Persons age 5+ who changed province in the past 5 years
  • Thailand 1990: Persons who changed province in the past 5 years
  • Thailand 2000: Persons who changed province in the past 5 years
  • Togo 2010: Non-visitors
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1970: All persons
  • Uganda 1991: All persons
  • Uganda 2002: All persons
  • Uganda 2014: All persons
  • Ukraine 2001: Non- temporary residents who have not lived in current residence since birth
  • Uruguay 1963: Persons who ever lived outside the department of residence
  • Uruguay 2006: Persons in the fourth sample trimester who ever lived in a different locality
  • Uruguay 2011: Persons who ever lived outside the department of residence
  • Venezuela 1971: Persons who ever moved from their current state of residence
  • Venezuela 1981: Persons who ever moved from their current populated area
  • Venezuela 1990: Persons who ever moved from their current populated area

Availability

  • Armenia: 2001, 2011
  • Belarus: 1999
  • Benin: 1979, 1992, 2002, 2013
  • Brazil: 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010
  • Cambodia: 1998, 2004, 2008, 2013
  • Cameroon: 1976, 1987, 2005
  • Chile: 1960
  • Colombia: 1964, 1973
  • Costa Rica: 1963
  • Cuba: 2002, 2012
  • Ecuador: 1962, 1974
  • Egypt: 1986, 1996, 2006
  • El Salvador: 1992, 2007
  • France: 1962, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 1999
  • Guatemala: 1964, 1981, 1994
  • Guinea: 1996, 2014
  • Haiti: 1971
  • India: 1983, 1987, 1999
  • Indonesia: 1971, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2005
  • Iran: 2011
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Jamaica: 1982, 1991, 2001
  • Kyrgyz Republic: 1999
  • Malawi: 2008
  • Mali: 1998, 2009
  • Mexico: 1960, 1970, 1995, 2005Q1, 2005Q2, 2005Q3, 2005Q4, 2006Q1, 2006Q2, 2007Q2, 2008Q2, 2009Q1, 2010Q1, 2011Q1, 2012Q1, 2013Q1, 2014Q1, 2015Q1, 2016Q1, 2017Q1, 2018Q1, 2019Q1, 2020Q1
  • Mongolia: 2000
  • Myanmar: 2014
  • Panama: 1960, 1970, 1980, 2000, 2010
  • Philippines: 1990
  • Romania: 1977, 1992, 2002
  • Rwanda: 1991, 2002
  • Slovenia: 2002
  • South Africa: 2007, 2011, 2016
  • Spain: 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Suriname: 2012
  • Thailand: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Togo: 2010
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 1970
  • Uganda: 1991, 2002, 2014
  • Ukraine: 2001
  • Uruguay: 1963, 2006, 2011
  • Venezuela: 1971, 1981, 1990