Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
GEOMIG1_5
1st subnational geographic level of residence 5 years prior to survey, world [consistent boundaries over time]

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Explore how IPUMS created this variable

Description

GEOMIG1_5 indicates the major administrative unit in which the person resided five years prior to the survey. Only intra-national migrations are recorded; however, the variable incorporates geographies for every country that lists place of residence five years ago, to enable comparative analysis of subnational migration. Foreign migrants are coded 097 or 997. Codes for GEOMIG1_5 match the geographic codes in GEOLEV1 (current place of residence).
For similar information for different time intervals since migration, see variables GEOMIG1_P, GEOMIG1_1, and GEOMIG1_10. More on migration and geography can be found here.

Comparability — General

The major administrative level of geography differs between countries both terminologically and in terms of scale. The first three digits of GEOMIG1_5 provide the country code (COUNTRY); the last three digits specify the geographic unit within country. Leading zeros are used when the geographical unit within the country requires less than three digits. Unknown geographical units in any country are assigned the highest possible code within the country.
This variable is comparable across samples, although the number of geographic units specified varies considerably. See the country-specific comparability discussions for more information of each specific country.

Universe

  • Argentina 1970: Persons age 5+
  • Argentina 1980: Persons age 5+
  • Argentina 2001: Persons age 5+
  • Bolivia 1976: Persons age 5+
  • Bolivia 1992: Persons age 5+
  • Bolivia 2001: Persons age 5+
  • Bolivia 2012: Persons age 5+
  • Botswana 2001: Persons age 5+ except institutionalized non-residents
  • Botswana 2011: Persons age 5+ except institutionalized non-residents
  • Brazil 1991: Persons age 5+ living in a different state 5 years ago
  • Brazil 2000: Persons age 5+ living in a different state 5 years ago
  • Brazil 2010: Persons age 5+ living in a different state 5 years ago
  • Cameroon 2005: Residents of the household age 5+
  • Canada 1981: Persons age 5+ in private households who moved between census subdivisions, not external migrants
  • Canada 1991: Persons age 5+ in private households who moved between census subdivisions, not external migrants
  • Canada 2001: Persons age 5+ in private households who moved between census subdivisions, not external migrants
  • Chile 1982: Persons age 5+
  • Chile 1992: Persons age 5+
  • Chile 2002: Persons age 5+
  • Chile 2017: Persons age 5+
  • China 1990: Persons age 5+
  • China 2000: Persons age 5+
  • Costa Rica 1973: Persons age 5+
  • Costa Rica 1984: Persons age 5+
  • Costa Rica 2000: Persons age 5+
  • Costa Rica 2011: Persons age 5+
  • Dominican Republic 1981: Persons age 5+
  • Dominican Republic 2002: Persons age 5+
  • Dominican Republic 2010: Persons age 5+
  • Ecuador 1990: Persons age 5+
  • Ecuador 2001: Persons age 5+
  • Ecuador 2010: Persons age 5+
  • Fiji 1976: Persons age 5+
  • Fiji 1986: Persons age 5+
  • Fiji 1996: Persons age 5+
  • Fiji 2007: Persons age 5+
  • Ghana 2000: Persons age 5+
  • Greece 1971: Persons age 5+
  • Greece 1981: Persons age 5+
  • Greece 1991: Persons age 5+
  • Greece 2001: Persons age 5+
  • Greece 2011: Persons age 5+
  • Guatemala 1973: Persons age 5+
  • Guatemala 1981: Persons age 5+
  • Guatemala 1994: Persons age 4+, who moved municipalities
  • Guatemala 2002: Persons age 6+
  • Haiti 1982: Persons age 5+
  • Haiti 2003: Persons age 5+
  • Honduras 1974: Persons age 5+
  • Honduras 1988: Persons age 5+
  • Honduras 2001: Persons age 5+
  • Indonesia 1976: Persons age 5+
  • Indonesia 1980: Persons age 5+
  • Indonesia 1985: Persons age 5+
  • Indonesia 1990: Persons age 5+
  • Indonesia 1995: Persons age 5+
  • Indonesia 2000: Persons age 5+
  • Indonesia 2005: Persons age 5+
  • Indonesia 2010: Persons age 5+ in regular enumeration areas
  • Israel 1972: Persons age 5+
  • Israel 1983: Persons age 5+
  • Malaysia 1991: All persons
  • Malaysia 2000: All persons
  • Mauritius 1990: Persons age 5+
  • Mauritius 2000: Persons age 5+
  • Mauritius 2011: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 1990: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 1995: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 2000: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 2005: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 2010: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 2015: Persons age 5+
  • Mongolia 2000: Persons age 5+ who ever migrated between provinces
  • Mozambique 1997: Persons age 5+
  • Mozambique 2007: Persons age 5+
  • Nepal 2001: Persons age 5+ living in a different district 5 years ago
  • Nepal 2011: Persons age 5+ living in a different district 5 years ago
  • Nicaragua 1971: Persons age 5+
  • Nicaragua 1995: Persons age 5+
  • Nicaragua 2005: Persons age 5+
  • Papua New Guinea 1980: Urban persons age 5+
  • Paraguay 1972: Persons age 5+
  • Paraguay 1982: Persons age 5+
  • Paraguay 1992: Persons age 5+
  • Paraguay 2002: Persons age 5+
  • Peru 2007: Persons age 5+ who lived in a different district 5 years ago
  • Philippines 2000: Persons who lived in a different municipality 5 years ago
  • Philippines 2010: Persons who lived in a different municipality 5 years ago
  • Portugal 1991: Persons age 5+
  • Portugal 2001: Persons age 5+
  • Portugal 2011: Persons age 5+
  • Senegal 1988: Persons age 5+
  • Senegal 2002: Persons age 5+
  • Senegal 2013: Persons age 5+
  • Sierra Leone 2015: Persons age 5+
  • South Africa 2001: Persons age 5+ whose residence differs from 5 years ago
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1990: Persons age 5+
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2000: Persons age 5+
  • United States 1970: Persons age 5+
  • United States 1980: Persons age 5+ included in the migration sample
  • United States 1990: Persons age 5+
  • United States 2000: Persons age 5+
  • Uruguay 1975: Persons age 5+
  • Uruguay 1985: Persons age 5+ with a usual residence in Uruguay
  • Uruguay 1996: Persons age 5+
  • Uruguay 2006: Persons age 6+ in the fourth sample trimester
  • Uruguay 2011: Persons age 5+
  • Venezuela 2001: Persons age 5+
  • Vietnam 1989: Persons age 5+
  • Vietnam 1999: Persons age 5+
  • Vietnam 2009: Persons age 5+

Availability

  • Argentina: 1970, 1980, 2001
  • Bolivia: 1976, 1992, 2001, 2012
  • Botswana: 2001, 2011
  • Brazil: 1991, 2000, 2010
  • Cameroon: 2005
  • Canada: 1981, 1991, 2001
  • Chile: 1982, 1992, 2002, 2017
  • China: 1990, 2000
  • Costa Rica: 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011
  • Dominican Republic: 1981, 2002, 2010
  • Ecuador: 1990, 2001, 2010
  • Fiji: 1976, 1986, 1996, 2007
  • Ghana: 2000
  • Greece: 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Guatemala: 1973, 1981, 1994, 2002
  • Haiti: 1982, 2003
  • Honduras: 1974, 1988, 2001
  • Indonesia: 1976, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • Israel: 1972, 1983
  • Malaysia: 1991, 2000
  • Mauritius: 1990, 2000, 2011
  • Mexico: 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015
  • Mongolia: 2000
  • Mozambique: 1997, 2007
  • Nepal: 2001, 2011
  • Nicaragua: 1971, 1995, 2005
  • Papua New Guinea: 1980
  • Paraguay: 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • Peru: 2007
  • Philippines: 2000, 2010
  • Portugal: 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Senegal: 1988, 2002, 2013
  • Sierra Leone: 2015
  • South Africa: 2001
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 1990, 2000
  • United States: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Uruguay: 1975, 1985, 1996, 2006, 2011
  • Venezuela: 2001
  • Vietnam: 1989, 1999, 2009