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EMPSECT
Sector of employment

Codes and Frequencies



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      class Empsect:public Editor {

public:
    Empsect(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::ro1977a:
        {
            if (RO1977A_0423() == 2)
                a = 0;
        }
        break;
        }


        setData(a);
    }
};

    

Description

EMPSECT indicates the economic sector in which the person was employed. Economic sector is defined in terms of ownership or control of the enterprise in which the person worked.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Cambodia
Cuba
Egypt
El Salvador
Germany
Ghana
Guinea
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
India
Iran
Iraq
Kenya
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Nigeria
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Romania
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay
Vietnam

Comparability — General

EMPSECT is generally comparable between samples at the first digit. At the second digit, there is variation in the categories used in the underlying census questions, particularly within the private grouping. Differing terminology among countries means that making certain comparisons involves examining the enumeration text.

The primary distinction within the private sector, when one is made, is between persons working for family or themselves and those working for others. Related and sometimes more detailed information is available in the class of worker variable, CLASSWK.

The samples differ in terms of the universe.

Comparability — Cambodia [top]

Samples are for the most part comparable, with the 2008-2013 samples generally providing more category detail.

Comparability — Cuba [top]

The variable is only available for the 2012 sample. Small farmers and landowners are classified as individual/family enterprises regardless of whether they are associated with the Credit and Service Cooperative (CCS).

Comparability — Egypt [top]

In the 2006 census, the question includes a new category "cooperatives", not separately identified in the earlier censuses. The category "foreign" in 1986-1996 is replaced by "non-governmental organizations" in 2006. Mixed sector may mean different things in different censuses.

The universe changes across years: it includes those aged 6+ who worked in 1986, but persons age 16+ who were economically active in 1996-2006.

Comparability — El Salvador [top]

Unpaid workers, the self-employed, and domestic workers are all classified as working for individual/family enterprises. These persons are distinguished from those that indicate being owners or employers (with paid employees), who are classified as private sector workers. The 1992 sample distinguishes workers in cooperatives.

Comparability — Germany [top]

This variable is available in the 1987 sample, but not in other Germany samples. The "semi-institutions" response is interpreted as "mixed sector" in this variable. A category called "denominational" is classified as "other."

Comparability — Ghana [top]

The universe changes over time. In 2000, the question was asked of persons age 7 and older who were economically active during the reference period. In 2010, the question was asked of persons age 5 and older who were economically active during the reference period. In 1984 the questions was asked of persons age 10+ who worked. For all samples the reference period is the week prior to the census.

Comparability — Guinea [top]

The universe and categories are comparable across samples, with the exception of an additional category for mixed enterprise employees in the 1996 sample. Contract employees and apprentices are considered as private sector employees.

Comparability — Haiti [top]

This variable is only available for the 2003 sample. Self-employed and household workers are classified as working for individual/family enterprises.

Comparability — Honduras [top]

There are small universe differences across samples.

Comparability — Hungary [top]

The 1990 sample distinguishes individual and family enterprises from other private sector employers. In 2011, "casual employees" are considered to be in the private sector.

The universe broadens in 1990 to include persons with childcare allowances. Other samples include either persons who are employed or, more generally, economically active.

Comparability — India [top]

The 1983 universe includes only wage-salary workers, while the 1999-2004 samples include all non-agricultural workers. The 1999-2004 samples separate individual and family enterprises. The 2004 sample also distinguishes collectives/cooperatives and households employing domestic workers.

Comparability — Iran [top]

In 2011 "employers" were considered to be working in the private sector.

Comparability — Iraq [top]

The "foreign government" category includes the original responses for "Arabic" and "Foreigner." Some of those cases could belong in other categories, but they are relatively few in number.

Comparability — Kenya [top]

The underlying source variable has considerable category detail not fully reflected in EMPSECT. The sample distinguishes persons working in different institutions in the public sector: Central government, local authorities, state-owned enterprises and the Teachers Service Commission (TSC). The individual/family enterprise and self-employed category is comprised of self-employed workers in the informal sector, self-employed workers in small-scale agriculture and pastoralist activities, and private households.

Comparability — Mauritius [top]

The categories are comparable across samples, with the exception of an additional category for cooperative enterprises in the 1990 and 2000 samples.

Comparability — Morocco [top]

This variable is only available for the 2004 and 2014 samples. The universes are identical across samples, but there are minor discrepancies in the response options.

In 2004 and 2014, self-employed and family workers are classified as working for individual/family enterprises, whereas employers are classified as private sector workers. In 2014, apprentices were grouped with family workers and are classified as working for individual/family enterprises, while in the 2004 sample they are included in a separate category and are classified as private sector workers. The 2014 sample also groups members of cooperatives together with employers, while no mention is made of cooperative members in the 2004 sample.

Comparability — Mozambique [top]

The minimum age for respondents changes between samples.

Comparability — Myanmar [top]

The data for the 2014 sample are constructed from the source variable that records the person's activity status. Employers are classified as private sector workers.

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

The 2006-2009 samples are comparable, including economically active persons age 10 and older. In 2010, there were additional response categories and the question was asked of persons age 5 and older who were employed during the reference period. For all samples, the reference period was the week prior to enumeration.

Comparability — Palestine [top]

The age universe changes from persons age 10+ in the 1997 sample to persons age 7+ in the 2007 and 2017 samples. In the 2007 sample, the question excluded persons living in the parts of Jerusalem annexed by Israel in 1967.

Private foreign sector may be interpreted differently between the three samples, as it may include self-employed persons in 1997 and 2017, but exclude them in 2007. The categories are otherwise generally comparable across samples, although the 2017 sample includes an additional category for cooperative associations and generally contains more detail than the 1997 and 2007 samples.

Comparability — Panama [top]

The data are comparable among samples. The 1990 sample included a category for "U.S. government" not identified in other samples.

Comparability — Papua New Guinea [top]

The 1980 census only addressed the question to urban dwellers.

Comparability — Paraguay [top]

The universe of respondents includes only employees, not self-employed persons.

Comparability — Romania [top]

The 1992 Romanian census asked an employment sector question, but the categorization was incompatible with the rest of the samples in EMPSECT. Those data are therefore excluded from this integrated variable. The universes are not comparable across years.

Comparability — Suriname [top]

The variable is only available for the 2012 sample. Non-governmental organizations are grouped with private businesses. Volunteers are classified as working for individual/family enterprises.

Comparability — Trinidad and Tobago [top]

The variable is comparable across samples despite minor universe changes.

Public enterprise workers are not separately identified in 1970. For the 1980-2011 samples a "learner or apprentice" was classified as a private sector worker.

Comparability — Uruguay [top]

The 1963 sample only distinguishes those working in the private or public industries. Other years are generally comparable and provide more detail as to the type of private employment. In 2006, public work program participants are classified as public employees.

The universe differs between samples.

Comparability — Vietnam [top]

The censuses used different terminologies, and seemingly similar categories have dramatically different numbers of cases, suggesting they might not describe the same thing (for example, compare the private and collective categories in the three samples).

Note: "Private self-employed" includes individual enterprise in 1989, household production and services in 1999 and both individuals and households in 2009.

The 2009 census does not include the "mixed" sector category available in earlier years.

The 1999 and 2009 censuses include a foreign sector, which we have classified within "private."

Universe

  • Benin 2002: Residents age 6+ who were employed or working at home
  • Benin 2013: Residents age 6+ who were employed or working at home
  • Cambodia 1998: Persons who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Cambodia 2004: Persons who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Cambodia 2008: Persons age 5+ who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Cambodia 2013: Present persons who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Cuba 2012: Persons age 15+ who were employed
  • Dominican Republic 2002: Persons age 10+ who ever worked and who were not self-employed or part of a producer cooperative
  • Egypt 1986: Persons 6+ years old that were working
  • Egypt 1996: Persons age 6+ who are economically active
  • Egypt 2006: Persons age 6+ who are economically active
  • El Salvador 1992: Persons age 10+ who were economically active
  • El Salvador 2007: Persons age 10+ who were economically active or experienced unemployed
  • France 1999: Persons age 15+ with a job
  • Germany 1981: Persons age 14+ who are economically active
  • Ghana 1984: Persons age 10+ who worked
  • Ghana 2000: Persons age 7+ who were economically active
  • Ghana 2010: Persons age 5+ who were economically active
  • Guinea 1996: Residents age 6+ who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Guinea 2014: Residents age 6+ who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Haiti 2003: Persons age 10+ who worked or had a job
  • Honduras 1961: Persons age 10+ who were working
  • Honduras 1988: Persons age 10+ who had a job or who were experienced unemployed
  • Honduras 2001: Persons age 7+ who are in labor force except the first time job seekers
  • Hungary 1970: Employed persons age 14+
  • Hungary 1980: Persons who were economically active or who worked more than 90 days in agriculture in 1979
  • Hungary 1990: Economically active and under childcare fee or allowance
  • Hungary 2011: Persons 15+ who ever worked
  • India 1993: Wage and salary workers
  • India 1999: Non-agricultural workers
  • India 2004: Non-agricultural workers
  • Iran 2011: Persons age 10+ who worked, were unpaid workers or temporarily absent from work in the past 7 days
  • Iraq 1997: Persons age 6+ who are working
  • Jordan 2004: Persons age 15+ who worked or were temporarily absent from work
  • Kenya 2009: Persons age 5+ who were employed
  • Lesotho 1996: Persons age 10+ who were employed
  • Lesotho 2006: Persons age 10+ who were employed
  • Malaysia 2000: Persons age 10+ who had a job
  • Mauritius 1990: Persons age 12+ who ever worked
  • Mauritius 2000: Persons age 12+ who ever worked
  • Mauritius 2011: Persons age 12+ who ever worked
  • Morocco 2004: Persons who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Morocco 2014: Persons who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Mozambique 1997: Persons who worked or looked for a new job in the last week
  • Mozambique 2007: Residents age 7+ who worked or looked for a new job in the last week
  • Myanmar 2014: Persons age 10+ who were employed
  • Nigeria 2006: Persons age 10+ who were economically active
  • Nigeria 2007: Persons age 10+ who were economically active
  • Nigeria 2008: Persons age 10+ who were economically active
  • Nigeria 2009: Persons age 10+ who were employed
  • Nigeria 2010: Persons age 5+ who were employed
  • Palestine 1997: Persons age 10+ working or experienced unemployed
  • Palestine 2007: Persons age 7+ who were employed or experienced unemployed, except those in Jerusalem annexed by Israel in 1967
  • Palestine 2017: Persons age 7+ who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Panama 1970: Persons age 10+ in labor force who worked in the past
  • Panama 1980: Persons age 10+ in labor force who worked in the past
  • Panama 1990: Persons age 10+ in labor force who worked in the past
  • Panama 2000: Persons age 10+ in labor force who worked in the past
  • Panama 2010: Persons age 10+ in labor force who worked in the past
  • Papua New Guinea 1980: Urban persons 10+ who were employed in the last week
  • Paraguay 2002: Employees age 10+ who worked in the last week
  • Philippines 1995: Persons age 5+ who were engaged in economic activity
  • Philippines 2000: Persons age 10+ who were working
  • Philippines 2010: Persons age 15+ in gainful employment in the past 12 months
  • Romania 1977: Economically active persons
  • Romania 2002: Persons who had at least one job
  • Rwanda 2002: Non-visitors age 6+ who are employed
  • Rwanda 2012: Persons age 5+ who were working or seeking work
  • Saint Lucia 1980: Persons age 15+ who were employed
  • Suriname 2012: Persons age 15 to 64 who were employed
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1970: Persons aged 10+ who ever worked
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1980: Persons age 15+ who worked or are seeking work
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1990: Persons age 15+ who worked or are seeking work
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2000: Persons age 15+ who worked or ever looked for work
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2011: Persons age 15+ in private households living in Trinidad and Tobago who worked, ever looked for work, or were an old age pensioner
  • United States 2015: Persons age 16+ working within the previous five years
  • Uruguay 1963: Persons age 8+ who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Uruguay 1975: Persons age 12+ who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Uruguay 1985: Persons age 12+ who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Uruguay 1996: Persons age 12+ who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Uruguay 2006: Persons age 14+ who were employed
  • Venezuela 2001: Persons age 10+ in the labor force
  • Vietnam 1989: Persons age 13+ who worked last year
  • Vietnam 1999: Persons age 13+ who worked last year
  • Vietnam 2009: Persons age 15+ who were at work, received salary, or had a job to return to last week

Availability

  • Benin: 2002, 2013
  • Cambodia: 1998, 2004, 2008, 2013
  • Cuba: 2012
  • Dominican Republic: 2002
  • Egypt: 1986, 1996, 2006
  • El Salvador: 1992, 2007
  • France: 1999
  • Germany: 1981
  • Ghana: 1984, 2000, 2010
  • Guinea: 1996, 2014
  • Haiti: 2003
  • Honduras: 1961, 1988, 2001
  • Hungary: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2011
  • India: 1993, 1999, 2004
  • Iran: 2011
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Jordan: 2004
  • Kenya: 2009
  • Lesotho: 1996, 2006
  • Malaysia: 2000
  • Mauritius: 1990, 2000, 2011
  • Morocco: 2004, 2014
  • Mozambique: 1997, 2007
  • Myanmar: 2014
  • Nigeria: 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010
  • Palestine: 1997, 2007, 2017
  • Panama: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Papua New Guinea: 1980
  • Paraguay: 2002
  • Philippines: 1995, 2000, 2010
  • Romania: 1977, 2002
  • Rwanda: 2002, 2012
  • Saint Lucia: 1980
  • Suriname: 2012
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011
  • United States: 2015
  • Uruguay: 1963, 1975, 1985, 1996, 2006
  • Venezuela: 2001
  • Vietnam: 1989, 1999, 2009