|Benin 2002||Honduras 1988||Nigeria 2006||Rwanda 2002|
|Benin 2013||Honduras 2001||Nigeria 2007||Rwanda 2012|
|Cambodia 1998||Hungary 1970||Nigeria 2008||Saint Lucia 1980|
|Cambodia 2004||Hungary 1980||Nigeria 2009||Trinidad and Tobago 1970|
|Cambodia 2008||Hungary 1990||Nigeria 2010||Trinidad and Tobago 1980|
|Cambodia 2013||Hungary 2011||Palestine 1997||Trinidad and Tobago 1990|
|Dominican Republic 2002||India 1993||Palestine 2007||Trinidad and Tobago 2000|
|Egypt 1986||India 1999||Panama 1970||Trinidad and Tobago 2011|
|Egypt 1996||India 2004||Panama 1980||United States 2015|
|Egypt 2006||Iran 2011||Panama 1990||Uruguay 1963|
|El Salvador 1992||Iraq 1997||Panama 2000||Uruguay 1975|
|El Salvador 2007||Jordan 2004||Panama 2010||Uruguay 1985|
|France 1999||Kenya 2009||Papua New Guinea 1980||Uruguay 1996|
|Germany 1981||Lesotho 1996||Paraguay 2002||Uruguay 2006|
|Ghana 1984||Lesotho 2006||Philippines 1995||Venezuela 2001|
|Ghana 2000||Malaysia 2000||Philippines 2000||Vietnam 1989|
|Ghana 2010||Morocco 2004||Philippines 2010||Vietnam 1999|
|Haiti 2003||Mozambique 1997||Romania 1977||Vietnam 2009|
|Honduras 1961||Mozambique 2007||Romania 2002|
Now we would like to ask for information on you and the persons habitually living in your household or currently residing in your home
Residents of 6 years or more of age
[Questions in columns 18 - 22 were asked of residents 6+ years old]
(19) Occupation status
Column (18): Occupation
For all questions related to occupation, the census agent shall refer to the 3-month period immediately preceding the interview.
Ask the following question to each person of 10 years or more of age: "Have you worked for at least one week in the last 3 months?"
The census agent shall then circle:
The code 1. OCC (employed) for each person who has worked during this period.
Included in this category, are:
Note: a retired person or an annuitant who has helped a family member in his/her work or has performed another activity that generated him/her money shall be classified under the rubric of "OCC" i.e. employed. This is the case of retired persons who work in commerce or agriculture.
This question does not apply to those below 10 years of age during the census. The census agent must not note anything in this section for these persons.
Note: Apprentices are "employed"
Column (19): Occupation status
As the following question to each person aged 6 or higher: "Does [the respondent] currently work or has worked continuously for at least one week during the last three months?"
If the answer is YES, the census agent shall ask "if [the respondent] works in the informal sector, public formal sector, or private formal sector" and shall circle the code corresponding to the interviewee's declaration according to the following:
Example: Is occupied each person having worked for at least one week during the reference period. Are included in this category:
If the answer is NO, the census agent shall ask the following question:
"Has [the respondent] worked during the reference period?" If the answer is Yes, circle the code 4 corresponding to unemployed. If the answer is no, ask:
"Is [the respondent] a housewife, elementary or middle school/high school/university student, retired, rentier?" If the answer is yes, circle the appropriate code according to the following options below:
If the answer is NO, ask: "Is [the respondent] seeking first employment?" If yes, circle 3. CT (Seeking 1st employment or 1st job); if no, circle 9. AINA: other unemployed.
Note: If the circled code corresponds to one of the following options, go to column 23 (marital status).
21. Occupation status - Does [the person] currently work or has [the person] worked in the last 3 months for at least one continuous week?
This variable allows knowing whether a person has worked for at least 7 days [continuously or not] during the last 3 months preceding your visit in the household. In other words, the reference period is determined starting on the date of your first visit in the household. This means that you should count back 3 months starting with the date of your first visit, and those 3 months correspond to the reference period [3 months in this specific case equal 90 days].
This variable's categories are:
NB: The data on persons taking care of the household require particular attention, because some of their activities are considered part of the domain of production according to the definition of the National Accounting System and meaning that these persons have an employment [for example production and/or transformation of agricultural products, weaving, sewing], while they risk of being considered as not have an economic activity.
Q: "Have you/has [the respondent] exercised a good and services production activity in the last 3 months?"
If yes, ask:
NB: Apprentices are employed person and must be classified in the corresponding sectors: informal, formal private, or formal public.
If for question 21 [Occupation status], the response code if different from 0, 1, 2, or 3, do not ask questions number 22, 23, and 24. In this case, directly skip to questions number 25 [marital status].
20 Sector of Employment (Sector in which Employed) (Enter Code from list below)
2 State-owned enterprise (Parastatal)
5 ___ Other (specify)
Columns 16 to 20
99. Information in these Columns should be filled-in only for a person who is employed (Code 1 in Column 15) or unemployed (employed before) i.e. Code 2 in Column 15. For unemployed (not employed before) i.e. Code 3 in Column 15 and inactive population i.e. any Code from 4 to 8 in Column 15, no information can be furnished in Columns 16 to 20 and hence enter dash (--) in each of these Columns for these persons. Following are the instructions for filling-in Columns 16 to 20 for a person for whom Code 1 or 2 is given in Column 15. The information to be filled-in will relate to employment details of the employed person (Code 1 in Column 15). In the case of unemployed (employed before) i.e. Code 2 in Column 15, the information to be filled-in will relate to last employment held by that person.
Column 20: Sector of Employment
104. In this column you have to record the code for the sector in which respondent's employment falls. Five sectors are listed with their codes on the schedule. If the respondent is a Government servant you have to give Code 1 in this column. If he worked in state-owned enterprise (parastatal), you have to record Code 2 (e.g. electricity supply, water supply). If a respondent was working in a co-operative establishment (e.g., a Co-operative Bank) record Code 3 and all those who were working in private establishments as own account worker will get Code 4. If a person was working in an establishment which does not come under any of the above four categories you have to give Code 5 and indicate the sector of employment (e.g. 5 UNDP).
 Sector of employment
80. Column 23: Sector of employment
In this column you have to record the code for the sector in which respondent's employment falls. Five sectors are listed with their codes on the schedule. If the respondent is a Government servant you have to give Code 1 in this column. If he worked in state-owned enterprise (parastatal), you have to record Code 2 (e.g. electricity supply, water supply). If a respondent was working in a co- operative establishment (e.g., a Co-operative Bank) record Code 3 and all those who were working in private establishments as own account worker will get Code 4. If a person was working in an establishment which does not come under any of the above four categories you have to give Code 5 and indicate the sector of employment (e.g. 5 UNDP).
Columns 17 to 21
100. Information in these Columns should be filled in only for a person who is employed (Code 1 in Column 16) or unemployed (employed before) (Code 2 in Column 16). For unemployed (not employed before) (Code 3 in Column 16) and mainly inactive population (any Code from 4 to 8 in Column 16), no information can be furnished in Columns 17 to 21 and hence enter dash (-) in each of these Columns for these persons. The following are the instructions for filling in Columns 17 to 21 for a person for whom Code 1 or 2 is given in Column 16. The information to be filled in will relate to employment details of the employed person (Code 1 in Column 16). In the case of unemployed (employed before) (Code 2 in Column 16), the information to be filled in will relate to last employment held by that person.
Column 21: Sector of Employment
105. This refers to the sector in which the institution or establishment of the employed person falls. Eight sectors are listed with their codes on the questionnaire.
105.1 You have to give one of the appropriate codes as explained below:
2. State owned enterprise: This includes financial institutions like the National Bank of Cambodia and all other State-controlled enterprises such as CAMINTEL, Cambodian Pharmaceutical Company, Electricity du Combodge, State rubber plantations, State construction enterprises, State fishery enterprises, State printing house, State utilities and State courier and mail enterprises.
3. Cambodian enterprise (Private): This includes enterprises or businesses owned and operated by private Cambodians from a location that is not also a household or private residential dwelling of the owner(s) of the business. Do not include non-profit institutions. If there is a joint venture with any foreign enterprise, it will be treated as a Cambodian enterprise (Private) or as a foreign enterprise depending on the share of each. This category includes financial institutions like Cambodian controlled banks and other Cambodian controlled businesses producing goods or services for sale. In brief, it includes all private Cambodian enterprises.
4. Foreign enterprise: These are enterprises or businesses owned and operated by foreign establishments or persons from a location that is not also a household or private residential dwelling of the owner(s) of the business. Do not include non-profit institutions. Includes foreign controlled financial institutions like foreign controlled Banks (e.g. ANZ Royal, MayBank) and all other foreign controlled businesses producing goods or services for sale.
5. Non-profit institution: This includes all Cambodian and foreign NGOs providing goods and services for free or for a nominal fee that are not controlled and financed by government. Also included are trade unions, professional associations, political parties, charities, pagodas, other religious institutions and aid organizations financed by voluntary transfers.
7. Embassies, International institutions, and foreign aid and development agencies: This includes all persons working for foreign consulates, embassies, foreign aid and development agencies, ADB, IMF and UN agencies.
8. Others, Specify ____ This includes institutions not falling in any of the sectors described above.
105.2 Some examples for Sector of Employment with their codes are given below: Farmer (Code 3), National Bank of Cambodia Staff (Code 2), Staff of Mobitel (Code 2), Staff of ANZ Bank (Code 4), Staff of UNPFA (Code 7), Staff of Red Cross (Code 5), Vegetable seller or fruit seller (Code 3), Moto dop (Code 3), Guard of a house (Code 6), Staff of MoP (Code 1), Thai Airways staff (Code 4), Maid working in a household (Code 6).
[Question 20 to 24 were asked of persons who have ever worked, as per question 19]
24. Sector of employment
These questions should be asked of all persons irrespective of age. These columns relate to the economic characteristics of population, both male and female. Information is proposed to be collected on economic characteristics of population. Economically active population includes those who are employed and unemployed (including those available for work or seeking work). Economically inactive population includes home makers; full time students; dependents; rent-receivers, retired people and other categories of income recipients; and others who are neither employed nor unemployed and also do not come under any of the inactive categories mentioned. The reference period for this is the one year or 12 months before the survey night, that is from 4 March 2012 to 3 March 2013. This is also referred to as last year or last one year in this instruction manual.
74. Columns 20 to 24
Information in these columns should be filled-in only for a person who is employed (Code 1 in column 19) or unemployed (employed before) i.e. Code 2 in column 19. For unemployed (not employed before) i.e. Code 3 in column 19 and inactive population i.e. any code from 4 to 8 in column 19, no information can be furnished in columns 20 to 24 and hence enter dash (-) in each of these columns for these persons. Following are the instructions for filling-in columns 20 to 24 for a person for whom code 1 or 2 is given in column 19. The information to be filled-in will relate to employment details of the employed person (Code 1 in column 19). In the case of unemployed (employed before) i.e. Code 2 in column 19, the information to be filled-in will relate to last employment held by that person.
79. Column 24: sector of employment
This refers to the sector in which the institution or establishment of the employed person falls. Eight sectors are listed with their codes on the questionnaire.
79.1 You have to give one of the appropriate codes as explained below:
Some examples for Sector of employment with their codes are given below: farmer (Code 3), National Bank of Cambodia Staff (Code 2), Staff of mobitel (Code 2), Staff of aNZ Bank (Code 4), Staff of UNPFA (Code 7), Staff of red cross (Code 5), Vegetable seller or fruit seller (Code 3), Moto driver (Code 3), Guard of a house (Code 6), Staff of moP (Code 1), Thai Airways staff (Code 4), Maid working in a household (Code 6).
52. For what type of firm, business, or institution did [the respondent] work last week (or in his/her last job or trade)? Read all options and select just one.
Question 52: What type of company, business or institution did (NAME) work, last week (or in his/her last job)?
Read each option and fill in the correct answer, accordingly:
Persons six years and over
[Questions 8-11 asked of persons six years and over.]
 2 Governmental
 3 Public
 4 Private
 5 Foreign
 6 Not working
 2 Public
 3 Private
 4 Investment
 5 Cooperative
 6 Mixture of both
 7 Other
 8 Not working
 9 Under age
There is one square; one of the following numbers is marked, writing the verbal response below the squares.
2. Public: for the member who works at a government entity.
3. For the member who works in the public or public works sector.
4. For the member who works in the private investment sector.
5. For the member who works in the regular private sector.
6. For the member who works in the joint venture sector.
7. For the member who works in the cooperative sector.
8. For the member who works in the non-governmental organizations sector.
9. Other: for the member who works in another sector from the previously mentioned.
10. For the member who doesn't work like a housewife, full-time student, etc., or for the unemployed who have never worked before.
Note: An unemployed member who has previously worked is categorized according to the last job he/she worked at before becoming unemployed.
2. Persons age 10 or older
[Questions 14-21 were asked of persons age 10 or older]
[Questions 16-20 were asked of persons age 10 or older with employment or who performed some other activity, per questions 14 and 15.]
19. In this job, are or were you:
 2 Private sector employee or worker
 3 Owner or employer
 4 Unpaid family worker
 5 Independent worker (own-account worker)
 6 Domestic worker
 7 Worker in a production cooperative
 8 Unknown
19. Situation at work
It is desired to know which position was worked in the principal job taking place in the week prior to the census. It is desired to know if the person was an employee or worker in the public or private sector, boss, or any of the categories that appear in the box.
In this job, you were:
This is the person who works or worked in an institution in the public sector, whether with the central government, with an autonomous entity, or with a municipal city hall.
Employee or worker in the private sector:
This is the person who worked for a business, establishment, company or institution of the private sector. As such, this will include the people who work in international organizations, such as the UN, IDA (International Development Association), OAS (Organization of American States), etc. This should take into account that even though a person occupies the position of director, manager or president, if they are not owner of the company, they are still an employee, which is valid in both sectors (public and private).
Boss or employer:
The boss, entrepreneur or owner is the person who operates their own business or company or who works in a profession or capacity on their own account and who has one or more employees or paid or salaried workers.
Family worker without pay:
Uncompensated family workers are those who help with the family business without receiving pay, for at least 15 hours per week.
An independent worker is a person who is self-employed and doesn't have employees or workers to supervise but can receive help from a family member without paying them. Care should be taken not to confuse the self-employed worker with the owner or employer.
This is a man or woman who works in a permanent form for a household, doing household chores, such as: washing, ironing, cooking, cleaning, gardening, etc., for which he/she receives pay.
Worker in a producer cooperative:
This is a partner who works in one or more producer cooperatives for which they receive retribution according to their investment in the cooperative. If it is only a worker compensated by the cooperative, it should be clarified as "1" or "2" or rather as either employee or worker of the public or private sector.
22. Are you or were you the following in this job:
 2 Employee or worker in the private sector
 3 Boss or employer
 4 Unpaid family worker
 5 Unpaid non-family worker
 6 Independent worker (self-employed)
 7 Domestic employee
Question 22: Are you or were you the following in this job?
The information desired is the position the person had in the principal job he/she performed in the week prior to the census. Was the person an employee or worker in the public or private sector, a boss or [employed in] any of the following categories:
This is a person who works or worked in a public sector institution, be it the central government, an autonomous agency or a mayor's office.
Employee or worker in the private sector:
This is a person who worked in a company, establishment, business or institution in the private sector. Also include persons who work for international organizations such as the United Nations, USAID [US Agency for International Development], the Organization of American States, etc.
Unpaid family worker:
This is a person who helps in the family business.
Unpaid non-family worker:
This is a person who helps in the business, on the farm, in the shop, etc., without receiving pay.
Independent worker (self-employed):
This is someone who is self-employed and does not have any employees or workers in his/her service. He/she may receive help from a family member if the family member is unpaid. Be careful not to confuse the self-employed worker with a boss or employer.
This is a man or woman who is permanently employed in a dwelling doing housework such as washing, ironing, cooking, cleaning, child care, running errands, gardening, etc. He/she receives pay for his/her work.
No questionnaire text is available for this sample.
No questionnaire text is available for this sample.
Questions 8, 9, 10 and 11 are restricted to persons aged 10 years and over.
10a. If employed (i.e. worked or had job but did not work) what is the name and address of the establishment where you worked? For unemployed, last establishment.
You should note that this question is restricted to the employed and the unemployed. However if a person was unemployed and you entered "new workers seeking employment" in column 9 you should leave columns 10 and 11 blank.
"Establishment" simply means the place where the respondent worked. "establishment" applies not only to the big enterprises such as Pioneer Biscuit Factory, G.N.T.C., etc., but the small ones as well, e.g. Kwesi Nimo's farm, place of petty trading in market or Amina Dagomba's kiosk "under the tree". What is required is the name and a precise address of the respondent's establishment or place of work. Do not write the respondent's postal address.
If the establishment has no name, then you must write down the name of the owner of the establishment, e.g.
Where a person does not stay at one place and sell, you should write down the respondent's house address as the address of establishment.
Please note that a market consists of establishment of varying sizes and character. The name of the owner of each such establishment should be written down as in example (iii) above.
Please avoid vague addresses like:
Never use unrecognized abbreviations like K.K.T., B.B.S., etc., which may be understood only in the areas concerned.
Note that addresses like Post and Telecommunications, City Council (Accra), United Africa Company of Ghana (Terna), etc. are not enough. With big enterprises which have two or more departments engaged in different activities, you should always specify the branch in which the respondent worked, e.g. Sanitary Branch, City Council, Accra; Vehicle Assembly Branch, U.A.C. of Ghana, Terna.
You should remember that for the unemployed you should write the name and address of the establishment where the respondent last worked. Similarly for those who "had job but did not work", we want information about the establishment where they claim to have jobs.
10b. If employed (i.e. worked or had job but did not work) or unemployed, what is the main product or service of this establishment?
This sub-item refers to the establishment where the respondent worked and not to what the respondent produced. For instance, if a carpenter who makes window frames is employed by a firm which builds houses, the major product you must write down is houses, not window frames, .since houses are produced by the establishment where he worked.
Similarly, if a carpenter gives Ambassador Hotel as the name of the establishment where he worked, you should write catering or hotel services as the major product or service of the establishment. You must also note that the major product or service of all educational institutions, e.g. the University of Ghana, Mfantsipim School, Government Technical School, is education even though the persons employed in these institutions may be doing different types
of jobs. However for craftsmen employed by a construction company which has undertaken a contract with an educational institution you should write down building construction but not education.
Note that the answer for this particular sub-item must be the same for all persons employed by the same establishment, or in the case of a multi-purpose establishment a department of it.
Examples of such multi-purpose establishments are City and Municipal Councils, G.I.H.O.C., some big business concerns like the G.N.T.C., U.T.C., U.A.C., etc. A City Council, for instance, may have the following functions: Local Administration, Transport Services, Education Services, Health Services, etc. Similarly G.I.H.O.C., G.N.T.C., U.T.C., etc., may have departments with the following as the main product or service:-Leather Hand-bags, Tobacco, Wholesale or Retail Trade, Repair of Motor Vehicles and Transport Services.
Thus for a respondent employed by such big establishments, you should record the main product or service of the particular branch in that big establishment where the respondent worked.
Another example is the market. The establishments within the market may offer different services, such as fruit-selling, hair cutting and "banku" making. Also the establishments within the market may make different types of wearing apparel, e.g. shorts, shirts and dresses. Therefore, always specify the type of wearing apparel the respondent made.
Below are five groups of examples showing some establishments and their major product or service.
[Examples on establishments and their major product or service of the original document are not presented here.]
[P14-P17 were asked of persons who did not work for pay or profit or family gain and P13b=1 or 2.]
P17 Employment sector: In what sector was (name) mainly working?
 2 Private formal
 3 Private informal
 4 Semi-public/parastatal
 5 NGOs/International organisations
 6 Other
P17 Employment sector: In what sector was (name) mainly working?
This question relates to the sector of employment in which (name) is working. The following explanations of employment sectors have been given to guide you choose the appropriate option:
1. Public: The public sector is made up of establishments that are largely regulated, owned or controlled by the central or local government e.g. Ministries, District Assemblies, NCWD, National Commission on Children, National Mobilization Programme, etc.
2. Private formal: Establishments owned and controlled by private person(s). They are formal in the sense that they have established procedures for keeping records, recruitments, promotion and dismissal, e.g. Mobil, Shell, Darko Farms, Japan Motors, etc.
3. Private Informal: These are establishments owned and controlled by private person(s). They are informal in the sense that they have no established procedures for keeping records, recruitment, promotion and dismissals e.g. Kumasi Magazine garages, Abossey Okai spare parts shops, Kejetia market trading, table tops, etc.
4. Semi Public/Parastatal: These are corporations and boards that are partly owned or fully owned by the government. They do not however, depend on the consolidated fund or government funds. They normally generate their own income and have some autonomy e.g. ECG, VRA, Ghana Telecom.
5. NGO's/International Organizations: These are non-profit making organisations which aim at providing services/facilities/assistance to the government and communities. There are two main types of NGO's
ii. International NGO's e.g. Save the Children Fund, International Needs, Water Aid, Help Age, World Vision International, ADRA, Care International, etc.
International Organizations include the following: UNDP, UNICEF, UNHCR, FAO, UNFPA, WHO, OAU, ECA, World Bank, etc.
6. Other: e.g. religious groups.
Economic activity -- P13-P17: Should be related to the past 7 days preceding census night
[P13 to P17 were asked of all persons age 5 years or older.]
[Questions P14-P17 were asked of persons age 5 or older who were engaged in an activity for pay in the 7 days prior to the census (per question P13a) or had worked before and were seeking work or had been engaged in voluntary work without pay in the 7 days prior to the census (per question P13b).]
P17. Employment sector.
In what sector was [the respondent] mainly working?
Economic activity questions cover P13a, P13b, P13c, P14, P15, P15a, P16 and P17. All these questions should be related to the period of 7 days preceding Census Night. They should be asked only for persons aged 5 years and older.
P17. Employment sector: In what sector was (name) mainly working?
This question relates to the sector of employment in which (name) is working. The following explanations of employment sectors have been given to guide you choose the appropriate option.
26. Who did this person work for?
 3 Cooperative
 4 Non-governmental organization
 5 For himself/herself
 6 Other (please specify) ____
Employment category (symbols of column 19)
Column number 19: Employment category
This question is designed to find out if the person is an: employer, government employee, private employee, independent worker, or an unpaid family worker. This only refers to the employment listed in column 18.
Employer: Those who operate their own company or who carry out a profession or trade on their own account and who have one or more remunerated employees.
Government employee: they are functionaries, employees, and laborers who receive a wage or salary from the national treasury, from district or municipal funds, from foreign governments (personnel from embassies or diplomatic missions, etcetera) or from international institutions.
Other employees and laborers: they work for an employer, receiving a wage or salary.
Independent worker: they do not work for an employer, but operate their own company or carry out a profession or trade without having remunerated employees.
Unpaid family worker: Those who work, without pay, for a member of their family, for at least one-third time (2 days per week or 2 hours per day).
The following symbols, also found on the form, should be used for the annotation:
23. In this job, are or were you a:
 2 Private sector employee or worker
 3 Employer
 4 Unpaid family worker
 5 Own-account worker
 6 Domestic servant
 7 Worker in a production cooperative
23. In this job, are you or were you? [employment status]
Employee or worker in the public sector:
It refers to those who work in public administration (governments or autonomous institutions), carrying out an executive, administrative, or support occupation.
Employee or worker in the private sector:
It refers to those who work in a private company carrying out a managerial, technical, administrative, manual, or support occupation.
It refers to those who work alone or in association, in their own factory, workshop, company, or business and who employs one or more persons for a salary or wage.
Administrators, managers, or other directors who are in charge of personnel but are not the company's owner, are not considered to be employers.
Unpaid family worker:
It refers to those who work for the company directed by a family member, not receiving a salary or a wage.
This refers to the workers who offer and charge for their services individually. They do not have an employer and do not contract salaried personnel. In some cases, they work with family members and do not pay them for their work. Examples: street peddlers, shoeshines, small businessmen, independent shoemakers, plumbers, etcetera.
It refers to those who permanently work in the home of a family carrying out domestic duties, such as washing, cleaning, cooking, etcetera, for which a salary is received.
Worker in a production cooperative:
In this category are those who work as active members of one or more production cooperatives and who receive payment according to their participation. If the person is not a member of the cooperative and only receives a wage, they must not be in this category, rather they must be included in the first or second category as an employee or laborer of the public or private sector.
For persons 7 years old or more
[Questions 12-16 were asked of persons aged 7 years or older]
15. In this job, [the person] works as or worked as:
Question 15: In this job, you work as or worked as: Private employee or worker?; public employee or worker?; Employer with employees?; Independent worker?; Unpaid family worker?; Domestic employee?; Other?
Read each of the options until you receive an affirmative answer and mark the corresponding box.
The indicated categories respond to the following definitions:
For those who are 14 years and older (born in 1955 or earlier)
[Questions 16-22. Questions 16-17 determined employment status, and questions 18-22 were asked only of those employed.]
20. Occupation, main activity, post, scope of activity ____
15. Occupation, scope of activity ____
The question must not be answered in case the answer to question 16 is either "own-account worker (5)" or "family helper 6-9"
The official name and address (at least the locality, in Budapest also the district) of the employer should be registered. The employer is where the given person is working in an occupation marked in question 15.
In cases of the latter two categories the sub-questions 18/b, c will not be answered.
18/a Place of work
As place of work the section, shop, educational, health, social or welfare unit (kindergarten, nursery, recreation house, et.) of the employer, that is the workplace where the given person is going to for work daily will be marked.
16. Occupational status:
 2 Member of co-operative
 3 Own-account worker, person of liberal profession -- family helper
18. Name of employer: _____
As an answer to the sub-question 19/a the section, plant, subsidiary of the employer should given, e.g. the weaving mill of a textile company, the retail shop of a trading company, the general (primary) school of the municipality of a given locality, etc.
In sub-question 19/b the name of the locality (in case of Budapest the district too) of the workplace should be entered. It has to be marked whether the given person is going daily for work from his/her permanent or provisional address. The address marked in case of persons working
IV. Occupation, workplace and transport
28. What is (was) your status in employment?
28. What is (was) your status in employment?
Employee is the person who is in labor relation with an employer generally based on working contract. This category includes civil servants, public functionaries, persons acting as judges or attorneys, as well as professional and contracted members of armed forces and public defense (their legal status being civil servant or public services worker).
 12 Worked in household enterprise (self-employed): employer
 21 Worked as a helper in household enterprise (unpaid family worker)
 31 Worked as regular salaried/wage employee
 41 Worked as casual wage labour in public works
 51 Worked as casual wage labour in other types of work
 81 Did not seek but was seeking and/or available for work
 91 Attended educational institution
 92 Attended domestic duties only
 93 Attended domestic duties and was also engaged in free collection of goods (vegetables, roots, firewood, cattle feed etc.) sewing, tailoring, weaving etc., for household use
 94 Rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipients, etc.
 95 Not able to work due to disability
 96 Beggars, prostitutes
 97 Others
 12 Worked in household enterprise (self-employed): employer
 21 Worked as a helper in household enterprise (unpaid family worker)
 31 Worked as regular salaried/wage employee
 41 Worked as casual wage labour: in public works
 51 Worked as casual wage labour: in other types of work
If code 11-51 in question 3 or 4
[Questions 8-18 were asked of persons who worked in principal status on in subsidiary status, per question 3 or 4.]
If code 31 in question 3 or 4
[Questions 19-20 were asked of persons who worked as regular salaried/wage employee, per question 3 or 4.]
20. Nature of employer:
 2 Semi-public
 3 Private
5.7.18 Column (20): Nature of employer (public-1, semi-public-2 private-3): The nature of employer is classified into public, semi-public or private depending on the ownership of the enterprise employ in the regular wage/salaried person. Enterprises owned (i) wholly by central Govt., (ii) wholly by state and/or Local Govt. and (iii) jointly by central Govt. and state and or/local Govt. will be called 'public'. Enterprises wholly owned by private bodies (i.e., individual, partnership, limited companies or co-operatives etc.) will be 'private', 'semi public' will be those joint enterprises in which besides private share holders government (central/state/local bodies etc.) also hold some shares no matter who had the majority of shares.
Particulars of enterprise for persons with industry divisions 10 -99 in question 5
10. Enterprise type:
 2 Female
 4 With members from different household
 6 Semi-public
 7 Others (includes co-operative society, public limited company, private limited company and other units covered under ASI)
 9 Not known
126.96.36.199 Column (10): Enterprise type: The type of enterprise in which the household member is working is to be recorded under this column. The entry is to be made in terms of codes as given below:
4 With members from different household
7 Others (includes co-operative society, public limited company, private limited company and other units covered under ASI)
9 Not known
Note that the proprietary and partnership enterprises covered under ASI will not get codes 1 to 4. These enterprises will get code 7. Definitions of various enterprises types are given below:
Proprietary: An individual is the sole owner of the enterprise. Code 1 or 2 will be recorded for such enterprises according as the individual is a male or a female.
Partnership: Partnership is defined as the "relation between persons who have agreed to share the profits of a business carried on by all or any one of them acting for all". There may be two or more owners, belonging to the same or different households, on a partnership basis, with or without formal registration (where there is a tacit understanding about the distribution of profit among the so-called partners). Code 3 will be assigned if the partnership involves members of the same household and code 4 will be assigned otherwise.
Public sector enterprise: An enterprise wholly owned/run/managed by Central or State governments, quasi-government, institutions, local bodies like universities, education boards, municipalities etc. (An enterprise should not be treated as a public sector enterprise if it is run on a loan granted by government, local body etc.). Code 5 is to be recorded for members working in such enterprises.
Semi-public (enterprises): 'Semi-public' enterprises are those joint enterprises in which besides private shareholders, government (Central/State/local bodies etc.) also holds some shares, no matter who has the majority of shares.
Others: All other enterprises, other than those having specified codes under this item, will be covered under 'others' and code 7 will be assigned to such enterprises. These enterprises will include co-operative society, public limited company, other units covered under ASI and institutional enterprises other than those described above which are managed by public trusts or societies (other than co-operative societies), training school/institutions etc.
If the informant does not know the type of enterprise in which the household member works and the investigator is unable to collect such information inspite of his/her best efforts, code 9 will be recorded for such working member against type of enterprise.
4. Description ____
5. Industry code as per NIC-1998 _ _ _ _ _
6. Occupation code as per NCO-1968 _ _ _
For persons with industry groups 012, 014, 015 and divisions 02 - 99 in question 5
[Questions 8-15 were asked of persons whose industry groups are 012, 014, 015 and divisions 02-99 per question 5.]
9. Enterprise type:
 2 Female
 4 With members from different household
 6 Public/private limited company
 7 Co-operative society/trust/other nonprofit institutions
 8 Employer's household (i.e., private households employing maid servant, watchman, cook, etc.)
 9 Not known
188.8.131.52 Columns (8) to (15): Particulars of enterprise and conditions of employment: For persons with industry groups 012, 014, 015 and divisions 02 to 99 in col. (5), particulars of the enterprises where the household members are usually engaged will be recorded in columns (8) to (11), and conditions of employment will be recorded in columns (12) to (15) for those with status codes 31, 41 or 51 in column (3). Note that in this block the particulars to be collected in columns (8) to (15) will pertain to the principal status (col. 3) and industry (col. 5) obtained for the person.
184.108.40.206 Column (9): Enterprise type: The type of enterprise in which the household member is working is to be recorded under this column. The entry is to be made in terms of codes as given below:
4. With members from different household
6. Public/private limited company
7. Co-operative society/trust/other non profit institutions
8. Employer's household (i.e., private households employing maid servant, watchman, cook, etc.)
9. Not known
If the informant does not know the type of enterprise in which the household member works and the investigator is unable to collect such information in spite of his/her best efforts, code 9 will be recorded for such working member against type of enterprise. For persons engaged in own account production of fixed assets the enterprise type will be either proprietary or partnership, i.e, any of the codes 1 to 4.
Questions 26-28 for those who are working, doing unpaid work in the household business, or are temporarily absent from work
28. Job status
 2 Mixed
 3 Cooperative
 4 Private
 5 Arabic
 6 Foreigner
For those who worked or held a job (including those on leave/sick leave).
[P-43 and P-44 were asked of all individuals age 5+ who worked or held a job in the 7 days preceding the census night.]
P-43. Who was [person's] main employer? _ _
34. Section E: Labor force participation
[Questions 42 to 44 are asked of all persons 5 years old and over.]
34.1 Column P42 to P44:
This section involves collection of labor statistics, mainly used for employment policies and programs and for projecting future labor force. The questions are asked to all persons aged 5 years and above and refer to the last seven days preceding the Census night. However, the reference period for those who held a job (on leave or on sick leave) falls outside the last seven days.
34.3 Column 43: Main employer
Each person who is working will be asked for whom they work for. This question applies to respondents whose response in column P42 is codes 1 7, and code 15. The code list for the main employer will be provided. To clarify:
- Public sector covers all activities and establishments of the Central Government, its statutory corporations (wholly owned corporations or parastatals), registered companies in which the Government is a majority shareholder, and all Local Government authorities.
- State owned enterprise refers to semi-public.
- Private sector is categorized into private company or private individual (or household).
- A Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) is a non-profit making body which mainly engages in charity work.
- A Faith-Based Organization (FBO) is a group that references God or Allah. It includes organizations such as schools, hospitals etc. whose leaders are affiliated to religious organizations and groups founded by missionaries or religious leaders, so long as the founders are still active in the group.
- Examples of self-employed modern sector includes doctors, lawyers in private practice etc. whose businesses are registered with the registrar of companies.
- International NGOs includes: CARE international, OXFAM, Plan International, ActionAid, Safe the Child UK, International Red Cross, GTZ etc.
- Local NGOs includes: Green Belt Movement, Family Health Options Kenya, Federation of Women Lawyers - Kenya chapter (FIDA) etc.
- If KNBS outsourced cleaning services from a private company, the cleaner will be classified as working in Private owned enterprise (code "1").
- A person who works as a cleaning person in someone's home will be classified in Individual/Private household (code "16").
- A person working in a Parish or Mosque should be coded as working for an FBO (code "8").
- A person who buys and sells agricultural produce e.g. milk, maize cabbages, "sukuma wiki" etc. will be classified as self-employed informal if the business is not registered with the registral of companies. (Code "11").
20. If employed last week, who was (the respondent's) employer?
128. Column 20: If employed, (last week) in column 18, who was your employer. This question applies to those who gave codes 10, 20, 31, 32 and 40.
Please code according to list. Enter NA for persons not in employment last week or are under the age of 10 years. Persons not in employment last week are in codes 50 to 90.
Code 2 (Parastatal) for persons employed at:
Code 3 (Private) includes also all persons who are self-employed.
For persons who are employed in the Embassies and international organizations such as UNDP, WHO, UNICEF, FAQ, ILO, IPPF, etc., in Lesotho, code 5.
26. If employed last week, who was (the respondent's) employer?
96. Column 26: If employed, (last week), who was your employer?
[Questions 25-27 were asked of persons who worked for at least one hour during the last 7 days or had a job to return to.]
(a) What is your occupation? ____
(b) Please describe your duties/ nature of work. ____
(c) In which sector is your occupation?
 2 Private
 3 Own business
16. Employment status
 2 Self-employed, on premises
 3 Self-employed, at home
 4 Self-employed, traveling or without premises
 5 Salaried, public sector
 6 Salaried, private sector
 7 Family aid
 8 Apprentice
Q16: Employment status
An occupied active individual could be an employer, self-employed, salaried, family aid or an apprentice. Enumerators should consider the person's status within his/her primary profession.
2 Self-employed, with premises: works on his own and does not employ any salaried person, although, he/she may seek familial aids. This individual works on a specific premise other than his own home. This definition may be difficult to apply for self-employed farmers. We consider each farmer working on his own land within this category.
3 Self-employed, at home: works for his own and does not employ any salaried person on a permanent basis, although, he/she may seek familial aids or apprentice. This individual works at his own home.
4 Self-employed, traveling or without premises: works for his own and do not employ any salaried person, although, he/she may seek familial aids. This individual does not have specific premise.
5 Salaried, public sector: woks for a salary, in-kind or both. This individual works for the public sector, such as government, local communities, external services of ministries.
6 Salaried, private sector: woks for a salary, in-kind or both. This individual works for the private sector.
7 Family aid: works for his family members with no salary and lives with them.
8 Apprentice: works for an employer or self-employed to learn some skills. He/she may receive some salary.
21. What activity has (the person) performed in the past week?
P25. Say if you are:
This question should be answered according to the occupation/profession indicated by the interviewee in P23.
Please keep in mind the following definitions:
If in the person's work, he/she is only helped by members of his/her family without compensation should be considered the same as "self-employed".
Here it should be considered as "family workers without pay" for example, the household members who help the household head's work in the farm, workshop, etc., provided that they do not receive any compensation payment.
For people aged 7+ only
26. What activity did (the person) do in the last week of July, this year?
P28. What was (the person)'s main occupation/duty this week or the last time he/she worked?
All of those who, in P26, marked alternatives 1, 2, 3 or 4 should respond this Question. It is intended to know what the person's main occupation/profession is at their workplace, regardless of the activities conducted there. For example, Mr. Carlos works as a car electrician for Ãguas de MoÃ§ambique, a company that deals with water supply. WRITE "CAR ELECTRICIAN".
Be aware that:
Those who are seeking for a new employment should indicate the profession/occupation they had in the last time they worked.
In case the respondent has more than one profession/occupation, they should indicate the one they believe is the main one.
You should avoid writing vague or incomplete responses, for example:
[Illustration with more similar examples is omitted]
11. Main job previous week
20. Institutional sector
20. Institutional sector
Col. 20 Institutional Sector:
Five codes were provided for institutional sector shade appropriately.
20. Institutional sector
15. Who is the employer in this job?
In this section, we collect information on the labor activities of men, women and children in the household. It is important not to confuse labor activities with a person's main activity. These are not the same things. A person's main activity may be to be a housewife or a student, but they may have other labor activities that should be recorded in this section. For example, a wife who has her own plots or her own small business should not be excluded from this section, even if she primarily works in domestic activities. Domestic activities are not included in this section of the questionnaire, but her other activities would be included, even though she may consider being a housewife her job. A child who is a student may consider themselves to be primarily a student without a job, but they may help their parents as unpaid family labor with their businesses or agricultural activities. For example, if a child works on his parent's farm or in their carpentry shop, the child's farming or carpentry activities should be included, even if the child does not receive payment directly for the work.
Respondent: This section concerns all household members aged 5 and above. You should confirm eligibility of the household members to respond to the questions. For children under 12, the parents or adult member of the household could answer on their behalf. Where some household members are absent, proceed with the interview for all those present but make the necessary arrangements to call back and continue the interview with absentee members after ascertaining the appropriate time that they would be available. If it is not possible to interview the person directly, a proxy response is possible.
Questions 14 - 15: The economic activities in the main jobs and the employers should be indicated by the respondents.
 2 Private international
 3 National government
 4 Foreign government
 5 Non-profit organization
 6 Aid agency
 7 International commission
 8 Out of establishments
 2 National private (outdoor)
 3 Foreign private (indoor)
 4 Foreign private (outdoor)
 5 National government
 6 Foreign government
 7 Non-profit organization
 8 UNRWA
 9 International organization
[Questions 13 - 18 were asked of persons 10 years of age and older.]
15. Were you paid for your work in money or in kind by a person, institution or company?
If the answer is yes, ask "where did you work" and mark the box 1, 2, or 3 as appropriate. If the answer is no, keep in mind the following: If self-employed without any paid employees or subordinates, mark box 4. If an owner or boss, mark box 5. If working for any family member, without remuneration, mark box 6.
 2 Of a private company
 3 Canal Zone
 5 Boss (owner)
 6 Family worker
(Only for persons 10 years old or older)
Keep in mind that questions 13-18 of this section correspond only to persons 10 years old or older.
The answers obtained in question 13 are the basis for classifying the population of persons 10 years old or older as economically active (employed or unemployed) and as not economically active (homemaker, student, retired, pensioned, rentier, or other inactive persons).
The questions relating to the section are applied to the situation existing in the week immediately before the day of the Census (reference week).
Definition of reference week or "last week": It is the complete calendar week from Sunday to Saturday that for census purposes goes from May 3 to May 9, 1970.
Question 15 Was your job paid in money or in kind by a person, institution or company?
(Only for one who worked and who had worked before and looked for employment)
If the answer to this question is "YES", ask where the person worked and mark box 1, 2, or 3 according to the answer. To mark the corresponding box, the following definitions should be kept in mind:
[The instructions refer to a graphic of question 15 of the census form.]
Box 1. Government Employee: is a person who works or has worked for the National, Municipal Government such as: The Ministry of Treasury, Secretary, Council, Autonomous and Semi-autonomous Entities like the General Finance Office, Social Security Fund, Institute of Economic Promotion, etc. and receives for the job remuneration in the form of a salary of a wage.
Box 2. Private Company Employee: is a person who works or has worked for a private employer and receives for the job remuneration in the form of a salary, wage, commission, tip, payments by the job or payments in kind. Examples: Agricultural Worker, domestic employee, seller in a grocery store, employee in a shoe factory, etc.
Box 3. Employee in the Panama Canal Zone. The person classified as an employee of the Panama Canal Zone is all persons who work or have worked in a company, business or institution established in this area. Example: Employees of the Army of the United States, private offices or workplaces, banks, employees in a family house, employees of contractors, etc.
Box 4. Worker on their own account: One who runs or has run their own economic company or private business or manages on their own account a profession or office and is not in charge of any remunerated employees. This person can work alone or with associates. Example: Bus driver, Traveling salesperson, Home hairstylist, Shoeshine [person], etc.
Box 5. Employer (owner): One who runs or has run their own economic business (alone or with associates), or manages on their own account a profession or office, that always is in charge of one or more employees who receive salaries. Example: The owner of a department store who has many employees, the agricultural and livestock producer who has cowhands and farmers who tend to his farm or ranch, etc.
Box 6. Family Worker: It is the person who manages or has managed an occupation working at least a third of the time during the reference week without receiving remuneration in a company or business run by a member of the family.
Question 20 You work or worked last as [. . .]
Mark the corresponding box in agreement with the answer the person gives you. To mark the box keep in main the following classifications:
Government Employee: It is the person who works or has worked for the Central or
Municipal Government, such as: The Comptroller General, The Ministry of Housing and
Treasury, Government Offices, City Hall, etc. in Autonomous or Semi-Autonomous
Entities like the Social Security Fund, Institute for the Formation and Use of Human
Resources (IFARHU [in Spanish]), etc. and receives for the work a remuneration in the form of salary or wage.
[The instructions refer to a graphic of question 18 of the census form.]
Private Company Employee: is a person who works or had worked for a private employer and receives for the work a remuneration in the form of salary, wage, commission, tip, paid by the job or paid in kind. Examples: Agricultural worker, domestic employee, seller in a grocery store, employee in a shoe factory, head of accounting in a construction materials company, secretary in a dental clinic, etc.
Employee of a Canal Agency: Every person who is classified as a Canal Agency employee is one who works or has worked in a company, business or institution established in the Canal Area. Examples: Employees of the United States Army, private offices or workshops, banks, employees in family houses, employees of contractors, etc.
Employee of a Cooperative or communal organization: is a person who works or has worked for a cooperative or communal organization and receives for the work remuneration in the form of a salary or wage.
Worker on their account: is a person who runs their own private business or manages by their own account a profession and an office and is not in charge of any remunerated employee. This person can work alone or with an associate. Include also persons who declare to work in the Canal Area by their own account. Examples: Bus drivers, traveling salespersons, in house hairstylist, shoe shiner, caddy in the Canal Area.
Employer (owner): The one who runs or has run their own economic company (alone or with associates), or manages, by their own account a profession or office that always is in charge of one or more employees who receive remuneration.
The department store owner who has many employees, the agricultural or livestock producer who has cowhands and those who attend to the farm, the doctor who has an office worker, the architect who has an office, etc.
Member of a production cooperation or communal organization: is a person who works or has worked for a cooperative or communal organization (settlement, communal group, local group) and receives income proportional with the sale of the product.
Family worker: is a person who manages or has managed an occupation for more than 15 hours during the reference week, without receiving remuneration in a company of business run by a member of their own family.
19. For whom do you or did you work?
 2 Government?
 3 Cooperative?
 4 Family house?
 5 Canal Commission?
 6 United States Armed Forces?
Questions 15 to 21 should be asked to all persons who were marked in any of the circles 01 to 05 of question 14. Except to persons who answered that they have never worked in question 15.
Question Number 19: For whom do you work or did you work?
This question is asked to persons who were marked in circle 1 (employee or salary earner) in question 18. Read the alternatives and mark the corresponding circle in agreement to the response of the person, considering the following definitions:
Circle 2. Government: if a person who works or has worked for the Central or Municipal Government, such as: The Ministry of Housing and Treasury, Government, Offices, in Autonomous or Semi-Autonomous Entities like the Savings Bank, Social Security Fund, Institute for the Formation and Use of Human Resources (IFARHU [in Spanish]), etc. and receives for the work a remuneration in the form of salary or wage. Include in this category the employees of international organisms (Embassies, OAS, UNO, etc.)
Circle 3. Cooperative: if a person works or has worked for a Cooperative of production, of consuming, of savings, etc. or a farmer's settlement.
Circle 4. Family house: if a person works or has worked in a family house and receives for the work remuneration en the form of a salary or wage. Example: domestic employee, gardener, driver, cook, housekeeper, butler, etc.
Circle 5. Canal Commission: if the person works or has worked in the Canal Commission , a company that is in charge of the running and maintaining of the Canal.
Circle 6. United States Armed Forces: if the person works or has worked for the Armed Forces of the United States of America.
21. Do you work or did you work the last as a . . .
 02 Employee of a private company?
 03 Employee of the Canal Commission or Defense Sites?
 04 Employee of a not-for-profit institution?
 05 Domestic servant?
[For responses 1-5,] (Continue with question 22)
 06 Independent or own-account?
 07 Owner or employer?
 08 Family worker?
 09 Member of a production cooperative?
[For responses 6-9,] (Skip to question 23)
Questions 19 to 23 should be asked to all persons who marked circle 1 in questions 14, 15, 16 and 17 and circles 2 and 3 of the last question except persons who answered that "they never have worked" (circle 9998) in question 18.
Question No. 21: Do you work or did you work the last as a:
The objective of this question is to know the category of the occupation, which is nothing more than the classification with respect to the employment that the interviewed person manages or managed, whether employed or unemployed.
Before asking this question, observe the responses written down in questions 19 and 20, since based on these responses, in some cases you will be able to deduce which circle in this question to mark.
Read the alternatives and mark the corresponding circle, according to the case, for which you keep in mind the following definitions:
[To the left of the text is a picture of an office worker.]
Circle 02. Private Company Employee: is a person who works or has worked for a private owner and receives remuneration in the form of wage, salary, commission, paid by the job or in kind. Example: agricultural worked, sellers in a grocery store, employee in a shoe factory, accounting head, executive secretary, etc.
[To the left of the text is a picture of a person working.]
Circle 03. Employee in the Canal Commission or Defense Sites: is a person who used to work for the Canal Commission or Defense Sites (Army [in English]) and receives for the work remuneration in the form of wage or salary.
[To the right of the text is a picture.]
Circle 05. Domestic Servant: is a person who works or has worked for a single home different than their own, doing activities and receives for the work a salary in money or in kind; example: domestic employee, gardener, chauffer, cook, house keeper, butler, etc.
Circle 06. Independent or own-account: is a person who runs or who has run their own economic company or private business or manages or has managed a profession or office in an independent form and is not in charge of any employees. It can be work alone or with an associate; example: Bus driver, traveling salesperson, dress maker at home, shoe shiner, etc.
[To the left of the text is a picture of a person sawing a piece of wood.]
Circle 07. Owner or Employer: One who runs or has run their own economic business (alone or with associates), or manages on their own account a profession or office, that always is in charge of one or more employees who receive salaries in money or in kind.
Circle 08. Family Worker: is a person who manages or has managed an occupation for 15 hours or more during the reference week, without receiving remuneration, in a company or business run by a member of their own family.
Circle 09. Member of a Production Cooperative: is a person who has participated or participates in an associative type of company that produces an article or good, that requires some grade of transformation. Generally the members provide themselves the decision making power and the benefits go back to or are distributed by way of cooperative returns; examples: Cooperative of Work and Food Storage 1 de mayo, Cooperative of Producers of Mola [a type of Panamanian blouse], R. L.
Considering that it may prove to be too simple to determine who is an Employee or salary earner (Of the Government, Private Company, Canal Commission, etc.) let us analyze the rest of the occupational categories and the following cases a little more:
Are you the owner or employee of this business? If he is the owner ask if he is in charge of employees. If the response is yes classify him as owner or employer (circle 07); on the contrary if he has no employees, classify him as independent or for their own account (circle 06).
In the case that Mr. Batista declares to work for other persons, classify him as private company employee (circle 02).
b. You will be able to determine the category of occupation of the persons in some cases, by means of question 18 (occupation). Example: a shoe shiner, traveling salesperson, car washer, scrap seller, newspaper seller and other occupations that persons do in which they logically are not in charge of any employees. These persons can be classified automatically as independent or for their own account (circle 06).
c. In equal form the category of occupation (question 21) will be able to be determined through the response given to question 16 (place of work). Example: If a person states that they worked in the National Environmental Authority, the Institute of National Water Systems and Sewer Systems or any other governmental dependency, you can automatically classify them as Government Employee (Circle 01). Equally if a person works in their house or in the street, they can be classified for their own account (circle 06).
d) Inasmuch as the family worker, you may think that it concerns a person who works in a family house, nevertheless, if you carefully read the definition, it will become clear to you that it concerns a person who works 15 hours or more a week in the business of a family member without receiving a wage or a salary. In this category are included the family members of farmers who work in the same plot of land without receiving payment. Examples:
16 year old student who used to work in the afternoon with grandfather in a farm without receiving a salary, from Wednesday to Sunday for 3 hours every day.
No questionnaire text is available for this sample.
21. Who do you work for?
Urban RNVs and rural villages
Questions 20 to 22
Questions 20 to 22 are only for people who are involved in money raising activities. That is they are either usually wage earners (codes 01 or 02) involved in a business (code 03) or get money from farming or fishing (code 04). Simply you do not have to ask these questions to anyone with codes OS to 10.
All three of these questions must relate to the same particular job or business for that person.
Write clearly the name of company or government department.
If the person is self-employed (that is has his own business) simply write "self".
For farmers and fishermen (code 04) you should also write "self".
If a person works as a hausboi or haus meri, you do not have to write the name of the employee, e.g. "Mr Smith" just write "private".
Try to give the actual branch or section of the company or department, e.g. Steamships wholesales BPs plantations, Department of Works and Supply - refrigeration section.
For individuals 10 years of age and older
28. Do you work (or did you work) in the...
Question 28: Do you work (or did you work) in the sector...
Public sector: Includes the ministries, municipalities, public schools, public hospitals, heath centers and offices, police and military forces, and other entities that depend on the state, such as: Petropar, Ande, Essap (ex Corposana), Copaco (ex Antelco), Ips, Paraguayan Mail, airport, Electoral Justice, court system, etc.
P15. For whom or where does/did [respondent] work?
Enter code. (See codes sheet)
 2. Worked for private business/enterprise/farm
 3. Worked for government/government corporation
 4. Self-employed without employee
 5. Employer in own farm or business
 6. Worked with pay on own family-operated farm or business
 7. Worked without pay on own family operated farm or business
P28. For whom or where did [respondent] work? (Please see code book)
The question P28 is to be asked for those who were engaged in an economic activity in the past 12 months: "For whom or where does/did _______ work?"
The response to this question should refer to the usual occupation recorded in P25.
Possible responses are categorized into seven (7) classes of workers:
1. Worked for private household (Domestic Services). If a person worked in a private household for pay, in cash or in kind. Examples are family drivers, gardener, yaya, household help and other persons in domestic service.
2. Worked for private business/enterprise/farm. All employees in private firms and farms are classified here.
Other examples of this class of workers are:
3. Worked for government/government corporations. All government employees would be classified here. Examples of this class of workers are:
4. Self-employed without any paid employee. If a person worked for profit or fees in own business, farm, profession or trade without any paid employee. Examples include vendors, professionals with own offices/clinics, workers who worked purely on commission basis and who have no regular working hours.
5. Employer in own farm or business. If a person, working in his own business, farm, profession or trade had one or more regular paid employees, including paid family members (code 6 below). Some cases worth noting:
Domestic helpers, family drivers and other household helpers who assist in the family operated business, regardless of time spent in this activity, are NOT hired employees in the enterprise/business; hence a farm or business proprietor who is assisted purely by such domestic help is not considered an employer.
A retail store operator who is wholly assisted in the operation of his/her store by unpaid relatives living with him/her and who employs carpenters to construct a building for his store (with store operator supervising the work) is not an employer. However, if this operator is also the owner or partner of a firm with paid construction workers and staff, and the reported industry in P26 is building construction, then he is an employer.
6. Worked with pay on own family-operated farm or business.
If a person worked in own family-operated farm or business and receives cash or a fixed share of the produce as payment for his services. Note that whenever there is a household member with this code, there should be a household member with code 5 for class of worker.
7. Worked without pay on own family-operated farm or business. If a member of the family worked without pay in a farm or business operated by another member living in the same household.
For all 15 years old and over.
[Questions 20 to 23 were asked of persons 15 years and over]
P22. Class of worker- What kind of worker is [the respondent]?
P22-Class of Worker
This question should be asked for those who are engaged in gainful occupations in the past 12 months: "What kind of worker is ?" (Mention the categories). The response to this question should be referred to the usual occupation recorded in column P20. Write the answer or the equivalent "short name" of the category in the space provided and enter the appropriate code in the box.
Possible answers are categorized into seven classes of workers with their corresponding "short name" and code:
The above codes can also be found at the bottom of page 3C of CPH Form 3.
25. Work place: Socio-economic sector
 2 APC
 3 Craft or consumption co-operative
 4 Civil and mass organisations
 5 On own account
71. Socio--economic sector of working place (column 25) or of the sub-unit performing its occupation than of the economic unit census staff. [text not readable] for non-family people, sport complex. Related to the economic unit recorded as place of work this item should be enumerated as follows:
b) a mark x will be written on the code box 2 (APC sector) -- for the members of agricultural cooperative production, who work in the commune household or only on the received lot;
c) a mark x will be written on the code box 3 (craftsmen or consumption cooperatives) - for persons who stated that they are working in craftsmen or consumption co-operatives, as well as in lawyers' colleges;
d) commercial companies full public capital are not included in code 3, but in code 1.
e) a mark x will be written on the code box 4 (mass and civil organizations) -- for the persons who declared as the place of work mass and civil organizations, such as political organizations, trade unions, youth or females' organizations, the writers union, the composers union, Red Cross etc.;
f) a mark x will be written on the code box 5 (individual) -- for persons who declared as working in "individual agricultural household", "personal agricultural household", "own craft shop", "on own account", "at private persons" or "locative associations".
For persons supported by other persons (code 6 at column 22), a line will be drawn in column 25 if the supporter is recorded on the same census form. If not, the corresponding box of socio-economic sector of the supporter's working place, written in column 24will be marked.
73. Related to the economic unit recorded as place of work (item 23.1) this item should be registered as follows:
-- the mark x will be written on the code box 1 (of state- public)) -- for persons having as the place of work units like autonomous bodies, commercial societies and other full state capital economic units; as well as the budgetary institutions, of the public central administration (ministries, departments, etc.) and local administration (prefectures, city halls, schools, hospitals, etc.);
-- the mark x will be written on the code box 2 (private) - for persons who stated as the place of work an enterprise, a workshop, a store, etc., owned by only one natural person, or an unit being on the ownership of associated natural or legal persons (full private capital): commercial companies, other patrimonial associations (lawyers offices, medical doctors, agricultural enterprise, etc.), cooperative societies;
To this code will be recorded, also, the own account working persons (the private craftsmen, the free professionals).
The persons who declared as the place of work the units like: political organizations, trade unions, employers unions, professional unions, public organizations, (the mutual aid houses of the pensioners, churches, mosques, prayer houses, monasteries, bishoprics, patriarchate), apolitical organizations, unions (The writers Union, the composers Union, etc.), non-patrimonial associations, foundations, international organizations representations (for example of the United Nations system, etc.) will also be included;
-- the mark x will be written on the code box 3 (mixed structure) -- for the persons who declared as the place of work the mixed capital commercial companies (of state and private);
-- the mark x will be written on the code box 4 (own household) -- for persons working on their own farms (those working on domestic activities are not included);
-- the mark x will be written on the code box 5 (other households than the own) -- for the persons engaged to the private persons (as homemakers).
Active Population/currently employed or previously employed
P25. Sector of economic activity
If private sector, specify what type, and circle the code corresponding to the answer given.
 1. PU = Public
 2. PAR = Parastatal
 3. ONG = Non governmental organization
 4. COOP = Cooperative
 5. AP = Other private
These questions aim at knowing the activities related to education and employment for persons aged 6 years or more [the French text says more than 6 years].
Children aged less than 6 years are not concerned with questions from P16 to P25.
Employment status (occupational status) (P21 to P25)
The following questions concern only the population aged 6 years and above. For persons below that age, one will write nothing on questions P24 to P30.
For persons who are employed, one will ask the type of work or the type of employment they are in, or that they were in from July 15, 2002 to August 15, 2002.
[Questions P22-P25 were asked of active persons who are currently or were previously employed]
P25: Sector of economic activity
The sectors of economic activity are the following:
Employees of parastatal companies (PAR)
Cooperatives and associations (COOP)
Non-governmental organizations (ONG)
Independent occupations (AP)
Persons who have high status occupations in commercial companies, factories, or who work currently in agriculture, livestock farming, or in the industry, will all be enumerated as independent occupations (AP).
[Questions 25-28 were asked for residents aged 5 and over who are currently working or have ever worked (as indicated in questions 20-22 above).]
28. What is the respondent's institutional sector of employment?
P28: Sector of economic activity
Ask: What is [the person]'s institutional sector of employment?
Enumerator encircles the code response as declared by respondent.
[Questions 23-27: refer to the past year]
23. Main activity during the past 12 months
 Seeking first job
 Others seeking work
 Wanted work and available
 Home duties
 Not stated
24. Worker or occupational status during the past 12 months
 Private enterprises
 Private household
 Unpaid work
 Without paid help
 Did not work
 Not stated
[Questions 23-29 asked of all persons 10 years and over.]
24. Worker or occupational status during past year
One of the main purposes of this section is to determine which individuals have been in the working force of the country at any time during the 12 months preceding Census Day. It is essential that the enumerator understands the definition of the term work as given in question 2.3 and makes use of it in his interviews. Generally work done
outside of the country is not relevant to the Census, but work done under contract on U.S. farms by residents is to be included, as also is work on ships and aircraft operating outside of the country.
55. Question 23 - Main activity during past 12 months
This question aims at classifying persons according to their main activity during the 12 months preceding enumeration, based upon what each person has been engaged in for most of that period. It is also intended to distinguish between persons who work (i.e. are economically active) and those who do not work. An individual is classified as working if he is engaged in the production of goods or services for sale. Usually this entails his receiving a wage, salary or other form of recompense; but trainees and apprentices, whether paid or not, as well as unpaid helpers in commercial farms and other enterprises a.re also to be classified as workers. All self-employed persons are also to be listed as worked.
Categories of persons who are not economically active in this context over persons who have never worked before but who are seeking their first job, people engaged in home duties, students and those retired or disabled.
56. Question 24 - Worker or occupational status during past year
The purpose of this question is to distinguish between persons who for most of the 12 months preceding census day worked for others as paid employees, or unpaid workers and those who worked for themselves.
In the case of persons who worked for others, the information sought is whether they worked for the government or not, or were engaged in a family or other business without pay.
For those who carried on their own business or farm your mark must indicate whether they operate with paid help or without.
This section deals with the economic activity of all who are 15 years old and over. It relates to the past week as well as the past 12 months. Question 16 to 18 apply to those answering from  to  in Question 15.
Interviewer: Job seekers and persons wanting work must have responses to Questions 16-18.
16. Type of worker
What type of worker status applies to (N) [the respondent]?
Interviewer: Persons responding to  20 in Question 15 tick  7, and those responding to  21 and  30 in Question 15 classify by last status held
The type of worker [status in employment] can be defined as follows:
[i] Worked for others, i.e. employee
This section deals with the economic activity of all who are 15 years old and over. It relates to the past week as well as the past 12 months. Questions 16 to 18 apply to those answering from 10 to 30 in Question 15.
Interviewer: Job seekers and persons wanting work must have responses to Questions 16-18
[Questions 16-18 apply to those who had a job during the past week or were looking for job, per question 15]
16. What type of worker status applies to [the respondent]?
Question 16 - Type of worker status
The type of worker status [in employment] can be defined as follows:
This section deals with the economic activity of all who are 15 years old and over. Questions 23 to 24 apply to those answering  in Question 22.
25. Type of worker status -
What type of worker status applies to (N) [the respondent]?
The main purpose of this section is to determine which individuals have been engaged in economic activity, that is, the production of goods and services during the week preceding enumeration and at any time during the past 12 months and those who were not so engaged. It is essential that the enumerator understands the concept of the term work as given in question (22) and makes use of it in his interviews.
Question 25 - Type of worker status
This question is to be answered by all persons in the labour force both employed and unemployed. This question is also to be answered by those individuals indicating boxes 46 to 99 in question 23 and having responses in boxes 1 to 5 in question 24. For these individuals classify by where last applied for a job.
It also distinguishes between persons who:
Obtain the correct information and tick the appropriate box.
You are to check your list of the names of state enterprises if in doubt, in order to assist respondents who work for government but are unsure whether, it is the public service or state owned enterprise.
Types of worker status are categorized as follows:
1. Worked for others
22. Employment status
6.8. Type of worker (status of employment)
The status of employment refers to the status of the economically active (both employed and unemployed) with respect to his/her place of employment.
The following categories are identified:-
41-46 Current or most recent job activity
Describe clearly this person's chief job activity or business last week. If this person had more than one job, describe the one at which this person worked the most hours. If this person had no job or business last week, give information for his/her last job or business.
41. Was this person...
Mark (X) one box
41. Mark the "An employee of a private not for profit, tax-exempt, or charitable organization?" box if the person worked for a cooperative, credit union, mutual insurance company, or similar organization.
Employees of foreign governments, the United Nations, and other international organizations should mark the "a Federal government employee?" box.
If the person worked at a public school, college or university, mark the appropriate government category; for example, mark the "a state government employee?" box for a state university, or mark the "a local government employee (city, county, etc.)?" box for a county-run community college or a city-run public school.
15. Industry of principal activity: ________
Only for those who are employed and unemployed.
Specify the class of establishment where the employed does the principal occupation, or if unemployed, the class of the last establishment worked. Examples: textile factory, food storage, public school, judge's chambers, farm, country house, etc.
Title 15: Industry of principal activity
252. "Industry of principal activity" is understood to be the class of business, establishment, office, organization, company, institution, etc., where a person does their principal occupation.
253. Write down this information only for people who in the previous title (title 14), were registered with a principal occupation that pertains to one of the two groups: "Employed", or "Unemployed".
As in the case of the principal occupation, try to register in the most concrete form, avoiding vague names, the class of establishment where the person works or worked (if "Unemployed"). Avoid names such as workshop, office, store, company, factory, stall, etc., and instead specify in the following manner: shoe factory, radio repair shop, accountant's office, leather stall, air transportation company, refrigerator repairs, construction company, textile factory, bronze smelting, etc.
255. Avoid writing down names that are exclusively the name of the establishment, like the factory "La Violeta", "Casa Fénix", etc., that do not give any idea of the class of industry or business done in it.
256. In the case of mixed businesses like a beauty salon or hairdresser's in which there is at the same time a lottery kiosk or caramel vending, register the business that receives the greatest benefits or that the owner considers the most important.
257. If a person is a government employee, of an autonomous, municipal, or decentralized service entity, write down without exception the name of these institutions where they work, such as: Ministry of Public Works, Department of National Parks, Ancap, Department of Combustibles, National Administration of Ports, Department of Accounting, etc.
258. If a person has the same occupation in more than one business or industry, the type of establishment where the greatest remuneration is received should be noted. For example, in the case of a bookkeeper who does the books for a glass factory, a feminine articles shop, and a transportation company, and he receives the largest income from the glass factory, this will have to be noted as the "industry of principal activity". It is understood that this does not concern a person in an accounting office who has a varied clientele -- the same is true for any other professional (doctor, dentist, etc.).
259. If a person does their job in a company that supports two or more different industrial activities, that industrial activity with which the person is directly linked should be written down, since it is a principal activity of the company and not a supplementary activity.
a) In the case of a company that has a refrigerator factory and one that makes furniture, an employee will be written down as industry of principal activity: "refrigerator factory", or "furniture factory", according to which of these industries the employee works for.
b) If a textile factory has its own electric plant that supplies the necessary motorized power, a person who works in this factory will be written down as industry of principal activity: "textile factory", and not "electric plant", because the plant is an supplementary activity of the factory.
260. With respect to domestic employees, they will be written down as industry of principal activity: "family house", or "collective dwelling".
Questions 16-18 are asked only for those who answered under part "A" of question 15 [who are employed or have been employed and are looking].
18. Of the following, what is the category in the occupation that you indicated?
 1 Employer with employees at your charge
 2 Worker for your own account
 3 Public employee or worker with paycheck or salary
 4 Private employee or worker with paycheck or salary
 5 Non-remunerated family worker
 6 Member of a production cooperative
 7 Other (specify) ____
 9 Not known
III. Occupational characteristics
[Persons age 12 or older]
252. With the questions from this chapter, we look to quantify the active population and determine what the activities that are done are.
280. For question no. 18: "Of the following, what is the category in the occupation that you indicated?", you should read the list of possible answers, one by one in the order presented in the Census document, waiting for an affirmative answer. When you get it, mark the corresponding box with an "X" and do not read the rest of the alternatives.
In case an interviewed person has doubts and asks for clarifications, you should present the following definitions:
If a person has a job whose category is not present in the Census document, write it down in "Other" as exactly as possible.
If a person you are enumerating tells you that their category is non-remunerated family worker, you should ask them if they worked more than 15 hours last week. If they answer affirmatively continue ahead, on the contrary, tell them that their answers to questions no. 15, 16 and 17 should not be registered, erase what you have written in them and ask question no. 15 again.
What box would you mark if you had to enumerate the following people?
2. A person who sells newspapers and works alone.
3. An owner of a carpenter shop, in which three people work.
4. A fence maker at a farm.
5. A teacher at a public school.
6. A chauffer of a bus cooperative, of which he is a member.
[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out as follows:
1. Private employee or worker for a paycheck or salary
2. Worker for their own account
3. Employer with employees in their charge
4. Private employee or worker for a paycheck or salary
5. Public employee or worker for a paycheck or salary
6. Member of a production cooperative]
You have to enumerate three taxi drivers named Ferrari, Arcos, and Pérez for whom the following conditions are given:
How do you fill out this information for question No. 18?
285. A young man declares to you that he worked last week making orders for the department store of his father without receiving any remuneration for it. What should you do?
286. If you answered this question correctly, continue ahead; if contrary, read paragraph 282 again.
287. Dr. Gil is a doctor, works in his private office and also if head of the departmental ward of a hospital, where he receives the largest income. Make the notations corresponding to this case for questions no. 15, 16, 17 and 18.
288. The nephew of Mr. Alvarez works in the store of his uncle, where he eats lunch and dinner every day; weekly he takes to his house something from the store. Make the notations corresponding to this case.
Keeping in mind that a weekly something represents a remuneration in kind; the nephew of Mr. Alvarez receives a remuneration for his work and therefore you should mark the box indicated in the answer.
289. If you answered correctly, continue ahead. If the contrary, read paragraph 281 again.
290. Remember that when asking the occupation you should make sure that the enumerated person clearly specifies where they worked.
291. In the series of answers that follows, mark in the column C those that are considered to be correct and in column N.A. those that need explanation.
a) Peón, N.A.
b) Foreman in a factory that makes screws, C
c) Office worker, N.A.
d) Supervisor, N.A.
f) Municipal supervisor, N.A.; Public employee, N.A.; Secretary]
15. Of the following types of activities, what did you do last week?
 12 You did not work because of leave, sickness or strike but you have employment?
 21 You did not work because of maternity leave or being suspended?
 22 You did not work because of being a harvest or seasonal worker?
 23 You looked for work having worked before?
 41 You are retired or pensioned and did not work?
 42 You are a rentier and did not work?
 43 You studied and did not work?
 44 You only took care of the home?
 45 Other (specify) ____
18. Of the following, what is the category in the occupation that you indicated?
 1 Employer with employees at your charge?
 2 Worker for your own account?
Employer or worker with paycheck or salary?
 4 Private
 6 Member of a production cooperative?
 7 Other? (specify) ____
When you get it, mark the corresponding box with an "X" and do not read the rest of the alternatives.
In case an interviewed person has doubts and asks for clarifications, you should have the following definitions present.
"Boss or employer" is a person who does their own economic enterprise and who has one or more employees by salary or daily pay.
"Worker for their own account" is a person who, without depending on a boss, does their own economic enterprise, without having any remunerated workers.
"Employee or worker" is a person who works for a boss or employee, public or private, and who receives remuneration in the form of paycheck, salary, daily pay or commissions paid item for item or in kind.
All people who work in central administration, decentralized services, state companies, that is to say, those cases in which the employer is the State, are considered public employees.
"Non-remunerated family worker" is a person who works in a company or business whose owner is related and does not receive any remuneration.
"Member of a production cooperative" is a person who is an active member of an economic company that functions under cooperative rules (it is a social cooperative).
If a person has a job whose category is not present in the Census document, write it down in the "Other" [category] as exactly as possible.
28. Of the following, what is (was) your category in the occupation you indicated?
 2 Public worker or employee
 3 Private worker or employee
 4 Worker for their own account
 5 Non-remunerated family worker
 6 Member of production cooperative
 7 Other
Question 28. Of the following, what is (was) your category in the occupation you indicated?
Read the following options. When you receive an affirmative answer, fill in the corresponding box. If an enumerated person has any doubt, remember that:
Worker or employee. It is the person who works for a boss or employer -- public or private -- and who receives remuneration in the form of paycheck, salary, weekly paycheck, commissions, per item payments, either in the form of money or specie.
All people who work in central administration, decentralized services, state companies, that is to say, those cases in which the employer is the state, are considered "Public sector". If the employer is not the state, they will be considered "Private sector".
Worker on their own account: It is a person who works independently without hiring remunerated personnel, exploits their own business and manages their own profession or office for their own account. They can work alone or associated; they can have family help who they hire without payment in money. Examples: independent professionals and technicians, owner of a store without employees, street peddler, etc.
Non remunerated family worker: It is a person who does not receive a paycheck or salary for the job they do in the company or business of a family member.
Member of a production cooperative: It is a person who is an active member of an economic business that functions under cooperative rules (it is socio cooperative).
Other: If a person does a job whose category is not in the Census questionnaire.
Once this question is concluded, observe what you wrote down in relation to the sex and age of the enumerated person. If this person is a woman age 15 or older, go to Question 29 of the following part.
If on the contrary, [if] an enumerated person is a man or a woman younger than 15, finish the enumeration of this person and go to the next one, if necessary.
F.2 Characteristics of the main job
69. In this job, you are?
 1 Working for a wage/salary in the private sector (go to question 72)
 2 Working for a wage/salary in the public sector
 3 Member of a production cooperative (go to question 75)
 4 Employer (go to question 75)
 5 Self-employed without physical facilities or investment (go to question 75)
 6 Self-employed with physical facilities or investment (go to question 75)
 7 Household member not receiving wage/salary (go to question 75)
 8 Participating in a work public program (go to question 75)
69. In this job, you are...?
This question investigates the occupational status of the interviewee, which all in all is the relationship of the worker with his work.
Working for a wage/salary: worker or employee; a person who works for an employer (public or private) and receives a remuneration in the form of a salary, payments in installments or in kind. If he is a public salaried worker, the following question will be asked; if he is a private salaried worker you will go on to question
Member of a cooperative: person who is cooperative, whatever the productive activity to which the cooperative is dedicated. If this is the response you will go on to question 75.
Employer: person who operates his own economic business and has one or more salaried or day laborers under his charge. If this is the response, you will go on to question 75.
Self-employed: person who without depending on an employer operates his own economic business without having remunerated workers, allowing for one or more family workers that are not remunerated. There is a distinction between those who have some installation or investment in order to carry out the activity (with premise) and those who don't possess it (a premise). In both questions, you will go on to question 75.
Household member not receiving wage/salary: person who works for the company or business of a family member that lives within the dwelling and from which he does not receive a salary, wages, or goods for his work. If this is the response, you will go on to question 75.
Public program employee: people who are working in transitory jobs created in the framework of social programs to help the low-income population. The person can declare working for example in the Intendencia, the program of Barrida Otoñal, but it doesn't deal with a public employer but rather a job in a public employment program. The same occurs with the people who are found working in the program Trabajo por Uruguay del Plan de Atencion Nacional a la Emergencia Social (PANES).
Attending to the criteria indicated and the response of the interviewee the corresponding code will be circled.
[Questions 23-34 were asked of persons age 10+ who currently carry out activity for which they received or will receive payments, per question 22.]
27. This business, organism, or company where you work (worked) is:
 Public administration: Continue with question 29
13. c. Sector of industry
c. Economic sector:
Write one of the five economic sectors, as follow:
For persons working in a collective farm or production cod-operative write down "collective"
For persons working in a public office or factory write down "public"
For persons workings in a public-private joint venture factory write down "public-private joint venture"
For persons working in a private factory write down "private factory"
18. a. Did (Name) work for the government or for other organization?
 2 Collective
 3 Capital
 4 Private [Go on to question 19]
 5 Mix
 6 Foreign
This question is only asked of persons who have code "1" in Question 16.
Question 18a. Did (name) work for the government or for other organization?
A person who "worked" (code "1" in question 16) and reported main job in question 17, can work in one of 6 socioeconomic organizations, as follows:
1. Public: including all public offices, institutions, and enterprises managed by central or local governmental authorities. These are defined as follows:
Communist party organizations, governmental union and mass organizations
Public enterprises are fully funded by domestic capital and managed by public company's rules or law.
Joint venture companies in which all partners are governmental enterprises.
Joint venture companies in which one or more partners belong to Vietnamese public sector and one foreign company or organization or individual.
A person who is defined as working for public sector has code "1".
2. Collective: includes all economic organizations (so called co-operative) which were founded and funded voluntarily by their members in accordance to the co-operative law and members (who were called co-operative's staffs) and are working directly at the co-operative. Collective sector includes:
Production enterprises are managed as co-operative rules.
Joint venture companies funded by staffs' family members of offices, union and mass organizations
Joint venture companies between one or more collective enterprises and one foreign company or organization or individual.
A person who is defined as working for collective sector has code "2".
3. Private: includes enterprises which were founded and managed by private enterprise law. Private enterprise is a business unit with its recurrent capital not less than its legal established capital and is managed by one individual who has guaranteed all of his/her assets for the company's activities.
A private enterprise should have:
Official address and business office.
Registering production or business or services
Private sector can be a joint venture between one or more Vietnamese private companies and one foreign company or organization or individual. Persons who are managers or workers of private companies are all defined in "private sector" and coded "3".
4. Self-employed: includes household production enterprises or household business and are not in satisfactory conditions to open private company. They organize as small and private household productions and services.
If a person is defined as self-employed, interviewers select code "4" and ask the next person (if it is a complete census) or ask question 19 and skip questions 18b and 18c (if it is a sampling census).
5. Mixed: includes economic units which were joint ventures of companies in different economic sectors. These companies are managed by company's law (such as Joint Stock Company and limited company).
A company should have its name, stamp (with logo of a joint stock company or limited company), and business office.
Mixed economic sector includes:
Joint venture companies between one or more Vietnamese companies in mixed economic sector and one foreign company or organization or individual.
A person who is defined as working for mixed sector has code "5".
Representative offices of foreign companies, enterprises, and factories.
International and foreign organizations
A person who is defined as working for foreign economic sector has code "5".
25. Does the establishment where you did the above mentioned work belong to an individual, household of individual production and trade, collective, private, state, or foreign investment economic enterprise?
(Household of individual production and trade includes agriculture/forestry/fishery and non-agriculture/forestry/fishery households)
 2 Household of individual production and trade (go to Q27)
 3 Collective
 4 Private
 5 State
 6 Foreign investment economic enterprise
Question 25: Does the establishment where you did the above mentioned work belong to an individual, household of individual production and trade, collective, private, state, or foreign investment economic enterprise?
The place at where a person is working can be only classified into one of the following 6 economic categories:
2. Household of individual production and trade: This includes households who are doing agriculture/forest/fishing production and business, or non-agriculture/non-forest/non-fishing production and business headed by an individual, group of individuals, or a family household that have not registered as enterprises.
An individual production and trade household can produce more than one type of main product. For persons who participate in producing a type of main product, the enumerator records the name of the main product for Question 27.
For a person who has defined his/her main work in the last 7 days as belonging to an individual production and trade household, the enumerator marks (x) in the small box next to code "2". He/she then moves to Question 27, not to ask Question 26.
3. Collective: This includes:
For a person who has defined his/her main work in the last 7 days as belonging to a collective unit, the enumerator marks (x) in the small box next to code "3". He/she then moves to Question 26.
4. Private: This includes enterprises which are established and operated in accordance with the Private Enterprise Law. Specifically it includes private limited companies, non-state joint stock companies, other private enterprises.
For persons who are not on the commune's roll but are contracted to work for the Commune People's Committee (archiver, cashier, etc.) according to administrative working hours, they are counted as working for the state.
6. Foreign enterprise: comprises:
Enterprises with 100% foreign capital; representative offices of foreign agencies, companies, or enterprises; foreign and international organizations.
For a person who has defined his/her main work in the last 7 days as belonging to a foreign investment enterprise, the enumerator marks (x) in the small box next to code "6". He/she then moves to Question 26.