Questionnaire Text

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For Persons 10 Years Old and Over

P26. In what kind of business or industry did [respondent] work during the past 12 months?
(Please see code book)

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P26 Kind of business or industry

Industry refers to the nature or character of the business or enterprise or the place wherein the person works. Data on this provide information on the level and trend of industrialization and on important aspects of the country's potential for economic development.

For persons 10 years old and over with report of gainful usual activity/occupation in P25, ask the question in P26: "In what kind of business or industry did work during the past twelve months?" However, for persons 10 years old and over who are non-gainful workers (housewife, students, retiree, disabled, etc.) and for those below 10 years old, leave P26 blank.

The entries in this column and in P25 should be consistent with each other. The business or industry should describe specifically and adequately the character and nature of business or industry or the place where the work is being performed in connection with the job or occupation, such as palay farm, sari-sari store, gold mine, leather shoe factory, rice mill, etc. Do not be satisfied with answers like firm names such as Soriano and Co., LM Enterprise, etc., since they do not necessarily describe the business or activity. Probe and try to elicit from the respondent information about the kind of product (if manufacturing firm) or the kind of service that the company is engaged in.

Moreover, if work is pursued in a big company that is engaged in several types of activities, report the nature of the particular activity of that company in which the person is working.
If work is for government office or institution, the name of the office, bureau, public school, etc. may be accepted. If work is for the executive branch of a local government, indicate whether provincial, city or municipal government.

Moreover, when the government office engages in services other than administrative such as education, communication, health, transportation, construction, etc., persons working in such office must be reported in their corresponding activity, such as railroad, airport, insurance, high school, highway construction, etc.

Below are examples of how some officials and employees of the government should be reported:

Usual occupation: Accounting clerk
Business or industry: Central bank

Usual occupation: Registered nurse
Business or industry: Puericulture center

Usual occupation: Market collector
Business or industry: Municipal government

Usual occupation: Bill collector
Business or industry: Waterworks (MWSS)

Usual occupation: Bulldozer operator
Business or industry: Road construction (DPWH)

Usual occupation: Stenographer
Business or industry: Provincial government

Distinction should be made between manufacturing and retailing in cases where an establishment engages in both activities. The entry in this column should be according to the part of the establishment in which the person works. Likewise, manufacturing should be differentiated from wholesaling.


A traveling salesman working for a distributor of soft drinks will have an entry of "soft drink distribution" for industry. A traveling salesman for a soft drink factory itself will have "soft drink factory" for industry.

You must distinguish between two kinds of business specializing in selling. A wholesale store sells primarily to retailers, while a retail store sells directly to consumers.

For a person conducting his business in his own house, report his business just as you are reporting a regular establishment, such as dressmaking or tailoring shop, radio repair shop, law office, dental clinic, etc.

If a person does not have a permanent job and usually pursues his usual occupation by working for several employers engaged in different kinds of business or industry like many farm and manual laborers, report the kind of business or industry in which he usually works longest during the past 12 months.

Industries which need special care in classification
In certain industries, the common titles are inadequate. Enter the specific kind of business or industry. Below are examples of industries for which special care must be taken:

Unacceptable entry: Agency
Acceptable entry: Real estate agency, travel agency, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Assembly plant
Acceptable entry: Motor vehicle assembly plant, motor/bicycle assembly plant, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Box factory
Acceptable entry: Paper box factory, wooden box factory, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Business
Acceptable entry: Wholesale/retail offish, dry goods/textiles retail, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Buying and selling
Acceptable entry: Egg wholesale, vegetable retail, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Canning factory
Acceptable entry: Fruit canning factory, fish canning factory, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Factory
Acceptable entry: Candy factory, soap factory, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Farm
Acceptable entry: Corn farm, sugar cane farm, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Fishing
Acceptable entry: Fishpond, lake or river fishing, deep-sea fishing, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Manufacturing
Acceptable entry: Manufacture of household appliances, garments, toys, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Mill
Acceptable entry: Rice or corn mill, flourmill, sugar mill, knitting mill, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Mining
Acceptable entry: Coal mine, gold mine, copper mine, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Office
Acceptable entry: Law office, life insurance company, savings or commercial bank, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Plant
Acceptable entry: Ice plant, electric power plant, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Private firm
Acceptable entry: Specify kind of business engaged in by firm

Unacceptable entry: Repair shop
Acceptable entry: Shoe repair shop, radio repair shop, auto repair shop, welding shop, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Shoe factory
Acceptable entry: Leather shoe factory, rubber shoe factory, wooden shoe factory, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Shop
Acceptable entry: Dress shop, beauty parlor, barber shop, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Store
Acceptable entry: Wholesale dry goods store, sari-sari store, etc.

Unacceptable entry: Textile
Acceptable entry: Knitting, weaving or spinning mill, etc.

Pay special attention to the preceding instructions because ambiguous reporting of the kind of business or industry will result in inappropriate or wrong codes and consequently affect the data on economic characteristics of the population.