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ISCO68A
Occupation, ISCO-1968, 3-digit

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

ISCO68A provides the 3-digit occupation code for the respondent using the ISCO-1968 occupation classification.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Benin
Indonesia
Togo
Zambia

Comparability — General

ISCO is the International Standard Classification of Occupations. This variable uses the 1968 version of ISCO. The classification was revised in 1988 and again in 2008.

ISCO68A includes only countries that actually reported occupations using this version of the classification in their census. Little if any recoding was usually necessary, and to the extent that the countries accurately followed the stipulations of the classification system, the data should be highly comparable across countries. There are, however, some universe differences, and some countries do not identify military personnel.

A separate variable ISCO88A provides the 3-digit ISCO-1988 codes for countries that used that classification system.

Comparability — Benin [top]

The universe of respondents differs between samples.

Comparability — Indonesia [top]

The 1995 sample also uses the ISCO-68 classification, but only a 2-digit version is available.

Comparability — Togo [top]

The 1970 census uses a national classification that is largely compatible with ISCO-68.

Comparability — Zambia [top]

The universe is slightly different across samples. For occupation for the 2010 sample, see ISCO88A.

Universe

  • Argentina 1970: Employed persons age 10+
  • Benin 1992: Persons age 10+ from private households who are in the labor force, not new workers
  • Benin 2002: Residents age 6+ who are in the labor force, not new workers
  • Colombia 1973: Persons with a job
  • Ecuador 1982: Persons age 12+ employed or experienced unemployed
  • Ecuador 1990: Persons age 8+ in the labor force
  • Egypt 1986: Persons age 15+ who were working or seeking work
  • Fiji 1976: Persons age 14+ working or unemployed last week
  • Fiji 1986: Persons age 15+ who worked last week
  • Ghana 1984: Persons age 10+ who worked
  • Greece 1971: Persons born before 1961 in the labor force
  • Greece 1981: Persons born before 1971 in the labor force
  • Greece 1991: Persons born before 1981 in the labor force
  • Haiti 1982: Persons age 10+ who had a job during the past 12 months
  • Indonesia 1971: Persons age 10+ who were employed or experienced unemployed
  • Indonesia 1976: Persons age 10+ who worked last week
  • Indonesia 1980: Persons age 10+ who had a job
  • Indonesia 1985: Persons age 10+ who had a job
  • Indonesia 1990: Persons age 10+ who had a job
  • Indonesia 2005: Persons age 10+ who had a job
  • Iraq 1997: Person age 6+ with a job
  • Liberia 1974: Persons age 10+ who worked in the past 12 months
  • Malaysia 1970: Persons age 10+ in the labor force
  • Malaysia 1980: Persons age 10+ in the labor force
  • Malaysia 1991: Persons age 10+ with a job
  • Mali 1987: Persons age 6+ who were economically active
  • Pakistan 1973: Persons age 10+ who worked last week
  • Togo 1970: Employed persons
  • Zambia 1990: Persons age 12+ employed in the past 12 months
  • Zambia 2000: Persons age 12+ who worked the past 12 months

Availability

  • Argentina: 1970
  • Benin: 1992, 2002
  • Canada: 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901
  • Colombia: 1973
  • Denmark: 1787, 1801
  • Ecuador: 1982, 1990
  • Egypt: 1986
  • Fiji: 1976, 1986
  • Germany: 1819
  • Ghana: 1984
  • Greece: 1971, 1981, 1991
  • Haiti: 1982
  • Iceland: 1703, 1729, 1801, 1901, 1910
  • Indonesia: 1971, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1990, 2005
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Liberia: 1974
  • Malaysia: 1970, 1980, 1991
  • Mali: 1987
  • Norway: 1801, 1865, 1875, 1900, 1910
  • Pakistan: 1973
  • Sweden: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910
  • Togo: 1970
  • United Kingdom: 1851a, 1861a, 1861b, 1871b, 1881a, 1881b, 1891a, 1891b, 1901a, 1901b, 1911
  • United States: 1880a
  • Zambia: 1990, 2000