Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
EDUCMX
Educational attainment, Mexico

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Explore how IPUMS created this variable

Download


      class Educmx:public Editor {

public:
    Educmx(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        if (dataSet == dataset_id::mx1960a) {
            if (MX1960A_0426() > 16 && MX1960A_0426() < 999)
                a = 800;
            if (MX1960A_0426() == 0)
                switch (MX1960A_0425()) {
                case 0:
                    a = 10;
                    break;
                case 1:
                    a = 101;
                    break;
                case 2:
                    a = 102;
                    break;
                case 3:
                    a = 103;
                    break;
                case 4:
                    a = 104;
                    break;
                case 5:
                    a = 105;
                    break;
                case 6:
                    a = 106;
                    break;
                default:
                    a = 109;
                }
        }
        if (dataSet == dataset_id::mx1990a) {
            int v = MX1990A_0418() * 100 + MX1990A_0419();
            if (v == 0) {
                switch (MX1990A_0414()) {
                case 0:
                    a = 10;
                    break;
                case 1:
                    a = 21;
                    break;
                case 2:
                    a = 22;
                    break;
                case 3:
                    a = 23;
                    break;
                default:
                    a = 29;
                }
            } else if (v <= 106) {
                switch (MX1990A_0415()) {
                case 1:
                    a = 211;
                    break;
                case 2:
                    a = 212;
                    break;
                case 3:
                    a = 213;
                    break;
                }
            } else if (v <= 203) {
                switch (MX1990A_0416()) {
                case 1:
                    a = 311;
                    break;
                case 2:
                    a = 312;
                    break;
                case 3:
                    a = 313;
                    break;
                case 4:
                    a = 314;
                    break;
                }
            }
            if (v > 0 && v <= 303) {
                switch (MX1990A_0417()) {
                case 1:
                    a = 401;
                    break;
                case 2:
                    a = 402;
                    break;
                case 3:
                    a = 403;
                    break;
                case 4:
                    a = 404;
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
        if (dataSet == dataset_id::mx1995a) {
            if (MX1995A_0447() == 99 && MX1995A_0404() >= 5)
                a = 10;
        }


        setData(a);
    }
};

    

Description

EDUCMX indicates the person's educational attainment in Mexico in terms of the highest level and year or grade completed.

Comparability — General

The compulsory education system includes 3 years of pre-school, 6 years of primary, and 3 years of lower secondary.

Pre-school generally consists of 3 grades attended by children between 3 and 5 years of age; this level is not required to start primary education.

Lower secondary education has two modalities: the general track and the technical, commercial, or training track. General lower secondary lasts 3 years and leads to upper secondary. The technical track lasts 1 to 4 years with the intent of preparing students for the labor market. Technical, commercial, or training secondary are not equivalent to general secondary and do not lead to upper secondary.

Upper secondary education has three modalities, each with a different curriculum: the general track, the technical, commercial, or training track, and the technological track. Upper secondary typically last 3 or fewer years across all tracks. The technical, commercial or training track varies in length depending upon the specialty, and some people in the general and technological tracks report attending a 4th year.

Higher education includes post-secondary technical schooling, teacher-training schooling, bachelor's degree, and graduate studies (master's degree, specialty degree, and doctoral degree). Length of studies varies across degree types and specialties.

This variable is fairly comparable across samples, particularly at the first digit. At the second digit, variations in the amount and type of detail available in the samples results in some loss of comparability.

The 1960 sample provides the least detail: respondents were simply asked how many years of primary and post-primary education they completed. In creating EDUCMX, the post-primary responses were categorized according to a 6-3-3 educational system: post-primary years 1-3 were placed under lower secondary, general track; post-primary years 4-6 were placed under secondary, general track; and subsequent post-primary years were placed under unspecified post-secondary education. In addition, a fair number of respondents reported implausible amounts of post-primary education: values greater than 16 were coded as unknown.

The other samples provided greater detail than the 1960 one, allowing one to identify both the person's level of educational attainment (primary, lower secondary, secondary, and so forth) as well as the number of grades or years completed at that level.

The 1960 and 1970 samples do not contain information about preschool attendance. Persons who did not claim any primary education were coded in EDUCMX as having no education, even though some of them conceivably completed some preschool.

The 1970 sample does not separately identify those who attended teacher-training schools.

The 1995 sample does not distinguish between technical and academic tracks in lower or upper secondary education.

The 2015 sample ads a third type of upper secondary education, technological, that is not specified in earlier years.

From 2005, samples specifies the years of study at the Master's and Doctoral levels.

The 2015 sample includes in the specialty category to people with medical specialties, medical subspecialties, and other specialties, while in previous samples people with specialties were included in the categories of master's or doctoral programs.

The universe changes over time: persons age 6 or older from 1960 to 1970, persons 5 or older from 1990 to 2005, and persons 3 or older from 2010 to 2015.

The teacher training category groups education at different levels. The Mexico samples 1990-2005 refer only to normal schools, while 2010 and 2015 samples identified an additional category for education degrees (which has upper secondary or preparatory school as requisite). Most Mexico samples have unharmonized variables which allow classifying the types of teacher training according to their entrance requirements.

A harmonized international classification of educational attainment is available in EDATTAIN, which imposes a number of compromises to regularize the data across countries. Conversely, EDUCMX retains the full detail on educational attainment for the Mexican samples.

The number of years of schooling completed is available separately in YRSCHOOL.

Universe

  • Mexico 1960: Persons age 6+
  • Mexico 1970: Persons age 6+
  • Mexico 1990: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 1995: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 2000: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 2005: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 2010: Persons age 3+
  • Mexico 2015: Persons age 3+

Availability

  • Mexico: 1960, 1970, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015