Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
DISLOWR
Disability affecting lower extremities

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Explore how IPUMS created this variable

Download


      class Dislowr:public Editor {

public:
    Dislowr(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::ug2002a:
        {
            if (UG2002A_0416() == 11 || UG2002A_0416() == 12)
                a = 1;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::ir2006a:
        {
            if (IR2006A_0443() != 6 && IR2006A_0443() != 7 && (IR2006A_0444() == 6 || IR2006A_0444() == 7 || IR2006A_0445() == 6 || IR2006A_0445() == 7))
                a = 1;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::sv1992a:
        {
            if (SV1992A_0431() >= 0 && SV1992A_0431() <= 5 && (SV1992A_0432() == 6 || SV1992A_0433() == 6))
                a = 1;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::ss2008a:
        {
            if (SS2008A_0417() == 2 && SS2008A_0418() == 1)
                a = 1;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::do2010a:
        {
            if (DO2010A_0415() == 1 || DO2010A_0421() == 1)
                a = 1;
            if (DO2010A_0415() == 2 && DO2010A_0421() == 2)
                a = 2;
            if (DO2010A_0415() == 9 && DO2010A_0421() == 9)
                a = 9;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::mz2007a:
        {
            if (MZ2007A_0416() == 1)
                a = 1;
        }
        break;
		case dataset_id::tg2010a:
        {
			a = 2;
            if (TG2010A_0420() == 4 || TG2010A_0421() == 4)
                a = 1;
            if (((TG2010A_0420() >= 0 && TG2010A_0420() <= 3) || (TG2010A_0420() >= 5 && TG2010A_0420() <= 8)) 
				&& TG2010A_0421() == 9)
                a = 9;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::mu1990a:
        {
			if (MU1990A_0412() < 98 && MU1990A_0413() < 98 && MU1990A_0414() < 98)
				a = 2;
            if (MU1990A_0412() == 1 || MU1990A_0413() == 1 || MU1990A_0414() == 1)
                a = 1;
			if (MU1990A_0412() == 98 || MU1990A_0413() == 98 || MU1990A_0414() == 98)
                a = 9;		
		}
        break;
		}
		
        setData(a);
    }
};

    

Description

DISLOWR indicates whether the person lacked use of one or both legs.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Benin
Botswana
Brazil
Burkina Faso
Cameroon
Colombia
Dominican Republic
Egypt
El Salvador
Ethiopia
France
Guatemala
Guinea
Haiti
Iran
Iraq
Lesotho
Liberia
Mauritius
Mozambique
Paraguay
Philippines
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Senegal
Sierra Leone
South Sudan
Sudan
Togo
Turkey
Uganda
Venezuela
Zambia

Comparability — General

DISLOWR identifies a condition in which the respondent lacks the use of one or both legs, including paralysis, amputation, or other limitation. It is distinct from the variable DISMOBIL (disability limiting ability to walk), which focuses on the ability to perform the function of walking or climbing stairs. There is considerable overlap in the two variables, but users should examine the questionnaire text and response categories to weigh the degree of comparability for their purposes.

Only permanent conditions were to be considered disabilities in the samples that contain such language, but many are not explicit on that point. See the enumeration text for the samples for the precise wording.

For samples that identified the absence of one or both legs as a distinct category(s), non-specific "paralysis" responses were also coded as "yes" in DISLOWR, on the assumption that this captures additional lower-body disabilities. Some of these cases likely include upper body paralysis. The affected samples are noted in the comparability discussion for the relevant country, and the relevant cases can be identified in the source variables. DISLOWR does not include samples that provide only a blanket "paralyzed" category without complementary information on loss of lower-limbs.

Persons with multiple (non-specified) impairments are coded "unknown" in samples in which such cases are identified.

The universe of respondents differs only marginally across samples.

DISMOBIL differs from DISINDEP (independent mobility difficulty), which assesses the respondent's ability to leave their home and perform daily tasks without assistance. The cause of difficulty could be mental or physical.

Comparability — Benin [top]

The 2002 sample indicates lower member paralysis only.

Comparability — Botswana [top]

All census asked whether the respondent had the inability to use one or both legs.

Comparability — Brazil [top]

The 1991 census only identifies paralysis in the lower limbs. The category for absence of a limb does not identify the precise limb affected. Persons with multiple disabilities are coded "Unknown".

Related data for 2000 and 2011 are included in DISMOBIL, which identifies the functional ability to walk or climb stairs.

Comparability — Burkina Faso [top]

In 1985, a person has a lower extremity disability if he/she is paralyzed. The 1996 sample considers paralysis and amputation of lower extremities as well as quadriplegia. In 2006, a person has a disability affecting lower extremities if he/she suffers from a handicap in the lower extremities.

The 1985 sample only provides the type of disability for residents of the household. The 1996 and 2006 samples provide the type of disability for all persons. The samples do not distinguish between temporary and permanent disabilities.

Comparability — Cameroon [top]

The 2005 sample identifies persons having a disability affecting his/her lower extremities.

Comparability — Colombia [top]

The 1993 sample specified "paralysis or absence of lower limbs".

Related data for 2005 are included in DISMOBIL, which identifies the functional ability to walk or climb stairs.

Comparability — Dominican Republic [top]

In 2002, limited mobility or loss of legs qualified as a disability. In 2010, respondents reported that they were missing one or both legs and those they had a permanent difficulty moving one or both legs.

Comparability — Egypt [top]

The "yes" response included loss of a leg or partial or complete paralysis. Whether the paralysis affected the lower limbs was not specified. Persons reporting multiple unidentified disabilities are coded as "unknown" for DISLOWR, because the exact disabilities in those cases are not specified. See DISABLED to identify these cases.

Comparability — El Salvador [top]

The 1992 sample refers to persons with paralysis or partial/total loss of a lower extremity, while the 2007 sample identifies permanent limitations in moving or walking.

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

In 1984 the "yes" response is the combination of responses for amputation, limp, not having one or two legs, and paralysis in one or both legs. In 1994 the "yes" response does not specify the type of leg problem. In 2007 the "yes" response refers to non-functional lower limbs.

Comparability — France [top]

The "Yes" response combines several categories for amputation or paralysis of either or both legs, or "lameness", as separately reported in the disability source variables for France. Several residual categories in source variables might also include persons with lower extremity disabilities.

Comparability — Guatemala [top]

The data identify persons with an inability to move one or both legs.

Comparability — Guinea [top]

In 1996 and 2014, the sample reports impairment in lower limbs: abnormalities of structure or function that affected normal activities. Multiple disabilities that included impairment of the lower extremities are not reported in this variable.

Comparability — Haiti [top]

The 2003 sample identifies persons having a disability affecting his/her lower extremities.

Comparability — Iran [top]

The variable indicates whether the person has either a leg amputation or impairment. This is defined as having the loss or "shortage of performance or deformation" in the toes, ankle, knee, thigh, or pelvis in either leg.

Comparability — Iraq [top]

The "yes" response included loss of a leg or paralysis. Whether the paralysis affected the lower limbs was not specified.

Comparability — Lesotho [top]

The 2006 sample records amputation of toes, amputation of foot or leg, and lame or paralyzed limb. Any affirmative response to these was coded as a "yes".

Comparability — Liberia [top]

In the 2008 sample, a person reported either a limited use or loss of legs.

Those with multiple disabilities are grouped in the unknown category due to the inability to determine the type of disability.

Comparability — Mauritius [top]

The 1990 harmonized variable is constructed from the first, second, and third reported disabilities. It indicates a disability related to legs and feet.

The 2000 and 2011 samples do not identify disabilities in lower extremities, but for difficulties in walking see DISMOBIL.

Comparability — Mozambique [top]

In 2007 the "yes" response refers to "amputated or atrophied legs" and it includes "paralysis" from a separate source variable. Whether the paralysis specifically affects the lower body is not stated.

Comparability — Paraguay [top]

The 2002 sample has three questions about disabilities: a person was coded "yes" category if he/she answered "total paralysis" or "problem in lower limbs".

Comparability — Philippines [top]

In both samples, loss of one or both legs or being paralyzed or quadriplegic is included. In 2000, mild quadriplegics capable of caring for themselves are also included.

Related data for 2010 are included in DISMOBIL, which identifies the functional ability to walk or climb stairs.

Comparability — Rwanda [top]

The census identifies disability in the lower extremities. If a person had more than one disability, the most severe one was to be reported.

Related data for 2012 are included in DISMOBIL, which identifies the functional ability to walk or climb stairs.

Comparability — Saint Lucia [top]

The 1991 sample identifies disabilities affecting lower limbs separately from disability affecting upper limbs. "Yes" responses for disability affecting lower limbs are included in this variable. The question was not asked in the 1980 sample.

Comparability — Senegal [top]

In the 2002 sample, responses include persons with multiple disabilities.

Comparability — Sierra Leone [top]

The variable indicates if the person's most serious disability is either having limited use of legs or loss of leg(s). Therefore, a person may go unrecorded yet still have a disability in the legs because it is not his/her most "serious" disability.

Comparability — South Sudan [top]

The variable indicates whether the person has only limited use of leg(s) or loss of leg(s).

Comparability — Sudan [top]

The variable indicates whether the person has only limited use of leg(s) or loss of leg(s).

Comparability — Togo [top]

The 2010 census asked about the loss or paralysis of one or both lower limbs. The loss of limbs could be reported in either of two source variables recording disabilities.

Comparability — Turkey [top]

In the 1985 sample, persons with a disability in their legs that limits daily life activities are coded as "Yes". The 2000 sample identifies persons with a physical disability without separately referring to those corresponding to arms, legs, or feet, thus this was not integrated into DISLOWR.

Comparability — Uganda [top]

Limited use or loss of legs qualified as a disability.

Comparability — Venezuela [top]

The variable indicates if the person suffered from loss or disability of lower extremities, including limited movement in one or both legs.

Comparability — Zambia [top]

The 1990 sample identifies crippled persons.

Universe

  • Benin 2002: All persons
  • Botswana 1991: All persons
  • Botswana 2001: All persons
  • Botswana 2011: All persons
  • Brazil 1991: All persons
  • Burkina Faso 1996: All persons
  • Burkina Faso 2006: All persons
  • Cameroon 2005: Residents of the household
  • Colombia 1993: All persons
  • Dominican Republic 2002: All persons
  • Dominican Republic 2010: All persons
  • Egypt 1986: All persons
  • Egypt 1996: All persons
  • El Salvador 1992: All persons
  • Ethiopia 1984: Residents of the household
  • Ethiopia 1994: Residents of the household
  • Ethiopia 2007: All persons
  • France 1962: All persons
  • Guatemala 1994: All persons
  • Guinea 1996: Residents
  • Guinea 2014: All persons
  • Haiti 2003: All persons
  • Iran 2006: All persons
  • Iraq 1997: All persons
  • Lesotho 2006: All persons
  • Liberia 2008: All persons
  • Mauritius 1990: All persons
  • Mozambique 2007: All persons
  • Paraguay 2002: All persons
  • Peru 1993: All persons
  • Philippines 1995: All persons
  • Philippines 2000: All persons
  • Rwanda 2002: Non-visitors
  • Saint Lucia 1991: All persons
  • Senegal 2002: All persons
  • Sierra Leone 2004: All persons
  • South Sudan 2008: All persons
  • Sudan 2008: All persons
  • Togo 2010: All persons
  • Turkey 1985: All persons
  • Uganda 1991: All persons
  • Uganda 2002: All persons
  • Venezuela 1990: All persons
  • Venezuela 2001: All persons
  • Zambia 1990: All persons

Availability

  • Benin: 2002
  • Botswana: 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Brazil: 1991
  • Burkina Faso: 1996, 2006
  • Cameroon: 2005
  • Colombia: 1993
  • Dominican Republic: 2002, 2010
  • Egypt: 1986, 1996
  • El Salvador: 1992
  • Ethiopia: 1984, 1994, 2007
  • France: 1962
  • Guatemala: 1994
  • Guinea: 1996, 2014
  • Haiti: 2003
  • Iran: 2006
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Lesotho: 2006
  • Liberia: 2008
  • Mauritius: 1990
  • Mozambique: 2007
  • Paraguay: 2002
  • Peru: 1993
  • Philippines: 1995, 2000
  • Rwanda: 2002
  • Saint Lucia: 1991
  • Senegal: 2002
  • Sierra Leone: 2004
  • South Sudan: 2008
  • Sudan: 2008
  • Togo: 2010
  • Turkey: 1985
  • Uganda: 1991, 2002
  • Venezuela: 1990, 2001
  • Zambia: 1990