Questionnaire Text

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[Questions 10-13 were asked of persons age 15 and older.]

10. Industry: _ _

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10. Industry of Working Population -- reported by working respondents aged 15 and over.

Working population refers to people who are working and paid for their labor or obtaining operation revenue. Our state policy of employment is: "under the guidance of state plan, seeking employment through the following three channels: recommended by labor department, organizing a work entity voluntarily, or self-employed." Accordingly, working population includes all employed people obeying the above policy, regardless of occupation characteristics (i.e. permanent or temporary job) or ownership of work unit (e.g. state ownership, people ownership, collective ownership, private ownership, joint ownership, direct foreign investment, or self-employed). Specifically, working population refers to:

1. At the time of Census, those who have regular jobs, including those who work as well as those who are temporarily not working due to the following reasons: sickness, vacations, temporary study, working in the labor camps, bad weather, technical breakdown, seasonally out-of-production, optimal transformation of corporate. However, do not include those who are completely away from work and study full-time in the colleges/universities and Television Broadcasting Universities (full-time). Retired workers, who still participated in social activities and were reimbursed for their works a month before the time of Census, should still be considered as working/employed persons.

2. Those, who do not have regular jobs but who have part-time jobs on June 30, 1990 and work more than 16 days (inclusive) in June, should be considered as working/employed persons.

Occupations of the employed persons should be the full name of the place where they work. State owned institutions, collective owned institutions, joint-ventured institutions and private institutions should be those with independent accounting system. For those conglomerates or large factories and mines (e.g. companies, headquarters), clearly state the names of the secondary units. For example, xx Steel Company xx iron-making factory, xx company xx branch, xx united corporate xx retail store.

For those who are temporarily not working due to seasonal out-of-production or optimal transformation of the corporate, fill in the names of previous institutions. For those who work in labor camps, fill in the names of labor camps.

Farmers should not simply fill in broad term "agriculture". They should report the nature of institutions or organizations where they work, or the detailed activities in which they participate. For those who work in the town-owned companies or institutions or labor organizations, fill in the names of the institutions or organizations, whether they are full-time, part-time, or contracted, and whether they contract any land. For those who contract land, orchard, fish-pond, or mountain forest or engage in other economic activities based on household as a primary production unit, fill in the projects that this household primarily contract and engage in. For example, for those who contract land, fill in "crop production"; for those who contract fish-pond, fill in "plain-water fishery". For those who contract multiple projects, fill in the primary project. For those employed/working persons living in the households who sublease the contracted land to others and engage in other economic activities, their occupations are the one that individuals hold longest in the year, and then we can decide their industries according to their occupations.

For Individual workers, industries can be filled in the names of signs, if any; for example, xxx teahouse. If there are no any signs, fill in the economic activities in which individual workers engage.

For those who work at the establishment units and individual workers, if they engage in one primary activity as well as other activities, fill in the activity in which they engage longest.