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BEDROOMS
Number of bedrooms

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

BEDROOMS indicates the number of rooms available to members of the household for sleeping.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Ghana
Guatemala
Honduras
Iraq
Jamaica
Malawi
Mexico
Mozambique
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Poland
Puerto Rico
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
South Africa
South Sudan
Sudan
Tanzania
Thailand
Trinidad and Tobago
Uganda
United States
Uruguay
Venezuela
Zambia

Comparability — General

The samples define bedrooms as rooms used mainly for sleeping, even if they were also used for other functions (cooking, working, etc.). Some samples include rooms outside the building that were used by members of the household for sleeping, while other samples are silent on this matter or appear to consider a more restrictive definition.

The samples have different top codes for numbers of bedrooms. All samples that report large numbers are top-coded at 20 or more bedrooms, with the detail retained in the unharmonized source variables.

Comparability — Argentina [top]

A bedroom is a space defined by walls or dividers with sufficient surface to place at least an adult-size bed. If the dwelling has only one room in which they also cook, one bedroom was to be reported.

Comparability — Bolivia [top]

In the 1976 and 2001 samples, only the rooms used exclusively for sleeping were counted, but "one" was the minimum response in 2001. The 1992 sample included any room used for sleeping even if it was used for other activities as well.

Note: there are a large number of "zero" responses in 1976, and it is not clear how to interpret them.

Comparability — Brazil [top]

For 1960-1980, 2000 and 2010, enumerators were instructed to include rooms outside the building that were regularly used by members of the household for sleeping.

Comparability — Canada [top]

The 2011 census question records the number of bedrooms, including rooms designed for sleeping but used for other purposes, in addition to basement bedrooms.

Comparability — Colombia [top]

In both samples, bedrooms are described simply as rooms used for sleeping even if other functions like cooking were carried out in them.

Comparability — Costa Rica [top]

In 2011 census questionnaire bedrooms are described simply as rooms used for sleeping. Exclude bathrooms and kitchen. Include garage if some member of the household are living in them

Comparability — Cuba [top]

The 2002 census asked two questions about rooms used for sleeping. This variable includes any rooms used for sleeping, including those rooms also used for other purposes. See CU2002A_0030 for information about rooms used exclusively for sleeping.

Comparability — Dominican Republic [top]

The definition of "bedroom" varies across samples. In 1981, bedrooms were counted if they were used for sleeping, even if they were used for another purpose during the day. In later samples, bedrooms were defined as rooms used exclusively for sleeping. The 2010 sample includes a "0" category to be used for houses with no dividing walls.

The 1981 and 2010 data are top-coded at 9 bedrooms. The 2002 data are top-coded at 10 bedrooms.

Comparability — Ecuador [top]

The data apply to rooms used exclusively for sleeping.

Comparability — El Salvador [top]

Any rooms that are used exclusively or partially as bedrooms are considered bedrooms.

Comparability — Ghana [top]

In the 2000 sample, bedrooms are described as a space in the housing unit or other living quarters enclosed by walls reaching from the floor to the ceiling or roof covering, or at least to a height of 2 meters, of a size large enough to hold a bed for an adult, that is, at least 4 square meters. In the 2010 sample, bedrooms are defined as any space used for sleeping, even if it is used for other purposes. However, bathrooms, passageways, verandas and lobbies are not to be counted.

Comparability — Guatemala [top]

The Guatemala samples define a bedroom as a room normally used for sleeping.

The 2002 data are top-coded at 12+ bedrooms.

Comparability — Honduras [top]

Bedrooms were to include all rooms used principally for sleeping. All samples are top-coded at 8 bedrooms.

Comparability — Iraq [top]

Bedrooms were to include all rooms used for sleeping even if they had another purpose.

Comparability — Jamaica [top]

Bedrooms are rooms that are intended for sleeping or being used for sleeping on a regular basis (regardless original intention of the room); a "0" response may indicate the sleeping room for members was already enumerated for another household in the dwelling.

Comparability — Malawi [top]

Bedrooms are described simply as rooms used for sleeping.

Comparability — Mexico [top]

Bedrooms are rooms used for sleeping, excluding hallways and bathrooms. In 1995, enumerators were instructed to not include those rooms that are used occasionally for sleeping and are not meant for it. In addition, in the 1995 sample were included wine cellar, granaries, shops, and other spaces that were used habitually for sleeping.

In 2000, enumerators were instructed to count rooms outside the building -- rooms that otherwise would not have been included among the household's total number of rooms -- if they were regularly used for sleeping. Examples include storerooms, granaries, commercial areas, stores, and garages. In general, all samples included rooms used regularly for sleep although they had other uses.

The data are top-coded in 2015 at 15 bedrooms.

Comparability — Mozambique [top]

All samples (1997 and 2007) defined bedrooms as the room used for sleeping. In 1997 bedrooms are described simply as rooms used for sleeping, even if some are not sleeping quarters such as dining room, living room etc.

In 2007 the bathrooms and kitchen were excluded.

Comparability — Nicaragua [top]

The definition is restrictive and only counts bedrooms that are used only for sleeping.

Comparability — Panama [top]

The 1980 instructions defined a bedroom as a room used principally for sleeping; in 1990-2010 it was one used exclusively for sleeping.

Comparability — Paraguay [top]

The commonalities among all samples are that, they all described bedrooms simply as rooms used for sleeping.

Instructions for counting bedrooms are consistent across years (1996, 1972, 1982, 1992 and 2002), they defined number of sleeping rooms as the number of rooms that are used specifically as bedrooms and those that, not being bedrooms, are normally arranged and used for sleeping.

Comparability — Poland [top]

The bedroom definition excludes rooms used for business purposes only. The data are top-coded in 2002 at 5 bedrooms.

Comparability — Puerto Rico [top]

In 1970, 1980, and 2010 this variable records the number of rooms used for sleeping even if also used for other purposes. From 1990 through 2005, the definition of bedroom is more restrictive and includes the number of rooms that would be counted as bedrooms if the dwelling were listed for sale or rent. The 2000 sample has an unusually high number of households coded as having 0 bedrooms

Comparability — Rwanda [top]

The census question records the number of rooms used for sleeping. The 2012 sample is top-coded at 9 bedrooms.

Comparability — Saint Lucia [top]

Bedrooms are those rooms used mainly for sleeping, including unused spare rooms designed for sleeping. Makeshift spaces not intended for sleeping were not counted as bedrooms.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

In 2011 census questionnaire bedrooms are described simply as rooms used for sleeping. Exclude bathrooms and kitchen. Include garage if some member of the household are living in them

Comparability — South Sudan [top]

The variable records all indoor rooms used for sleeping in the main building or outside the building in the compound.

Comparability — Sudan [top]

The variable records all indoor rooms used for sleeping in the main building or outside the building in the compound.

Comparability — Tanzania [top]

The 2002 and 2012 samples record the number of rooms used for sleeping. The 1988 census does not include the number of bedrooms, but records the number of rooms used for living. The data are top-coded at 30 bedrooms in 2002, and at 12 bedrooms in 2012.

Comparability — Thailand [top]

In 1970 and 1980, the variable records the number of rooms intended as bedrooms even if no one was sleeping in them at the time of the census. Additional rooms intended for other purposes but also used for sleeping are recorded in separate variables (TH1970A_0050 and TH1980A_0050).

In 1990, the variable records all rooms used for sleeping, and all households must be enumerated as having at least 1 room for sleeping.

Comparability — Trinidad and Tobago [top]

The variable indicates the number of rooms used exclusively for sleeping. In 1980 and 1990 samples, are excluded makeshift and temporary sleeping quarters. In 2011 sample, the definition states that rooms should have at least a surface of 4 square meters and equipped with a bed. All the Trinidad and Tobago samples are top-coded at 5 or more bedrooms.

Comparability — Uganda [top]

Bedrooms are described simply as rooms used for sleeping.

Comparability — United States [top]

In 1980 and 1990, one-room units were classified as not having a bedroom; in other years, this issue was not addressed explicitly. In 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015, the question asked the number of bedrooms that would be listed if the property were to be rented or sold.

The universe for 1960 is much more restrictive than other years because only 20% of households received the questionnaire containing the bedroom question.

Comparability — Uruguay [top]

Bedrooms are counted if they are used for sleeping, even if they have a different use during the day.

Comparability — Venezuela [top]

Bedrooms are described simply as rooms used for sleeping.

Comparability — Zambia [top]

The instructions for counting bedrooms are consistent across years, but ambiguous as to how rooms that are used for both sleeping and other purposes should be counted. The 2000 and 2010 instructions explicitly state that "bedsitters" are to be counted as bedrooms rather than living rooms.

The 1981 data are not top-coded. The 2000 data are top-coded at 9 bedrooms. The 2010 data are top-coded at 12 bedrooms.

Universe

  • Argentina 2001: Private dwellings
  • Argentina 2010: Private dwellings
  • Bolivia 1976: Occupied dwellings
  • Bolivia 1992: Private occupied dwellings
  • Bolivia 2001: Private occupied dwellings
  • Brazil 1960: Not group quarters or improvised dwellings
  • Brazil 1970: Not group quarters or improvised dwellings
  • Brazil 1980: Not group quarters or improvised dwellings
  • Brazil 1991: Not group quarters or improvised dwellings
  • Brazil 2000: Not group quarters or improvised dwellings
  • Brazil 2010: Not group quarters or improvised dwellings
  • Cameroon 2005: Ordinary households
  • Canada 2011: All households
  • Colombia 1973: All households
  • Colombia 2005: All households
  • Costa Rica 1963: Private occupied dwellings
  • Costa Rica 1973: Private occupied dwellings
  • Costa Rica 1984: Private occupied dwellings
  • Costa Rica 2000: Private occupied dwellings
  • Costa Rica 2011: Private occupied dwellings
  • Cuba 2002: Private dwellings with permanent residents
  • Dominican Republic 1981: Occupied dwellings
  • Dominican Republic 2002: Private occupied designated households
  • Dominican Republic 2010: Private occupied dwellings
  • Ecuador 2010: Private households
  • El Salvador 1992: Private occupied households
  • El Salvador 2007: Private occupied households with people present
  • France 1968: Not group quarters
  • Ghana 2000: Private occupied households
  • Ghana 2010: Private occupied households
  • Guatemala 1964: All households
  • Guatemala 1981: Private occupied households
  • Guatemala 1994: Private occupied households
  • Guatemala 2002: Private occupied households
  • Honduras 1988: Private households
  • Honduras 2001: Private households
  • Iraq 1997: Private households
  • Jamaica 2001: Private households
  • Jordan 2004: Not hotel or public housing units
  • Malawi 2008: Private households
  • Malaysia 2000: All households
  • Mexico 1990: Dwellings except shelters
  • Mexico 1995: All households
  • Mexico 2000: All households
  • Mexico 2005: Private dwellings built for habitation
  • Mexico 2010: Private dwellings built for habitation
  • Mexico 2015: Private dwellings built for habitation
  • Mozambique 1997: Private occupied dwellings
  • Mozambique 2007: Private occupied dwellings
  • Nicaragua 1971: Private occupied households
  • Nicaragua 1995: Private occupied households with inhabitants present
  • Nicaragua 2005: Private households with inhabitants present or hotels, boarding houses and guest houses
  • Panama 1980: Private occupied households
  • Panama 1990: Private occupied households
  • Panama 2000: Private occupied households
  • Panama 2010: Private occupied households
  • Paraguay 1972: Private occupied dwellings
  • Paraguay 1982: Private occupied dwellings
  • Paraguay 1992: Private occupied dwellings
  • Paraguay 2002: Private or multi-household dwellings
  • Peru 1993: Private occupied dwellings
  • Poland 2002: Private dwellings excluding provisional or mobile housing
  • Puerto Rico 1970: Private households
  • Puerto Rico 1980: Private occupied dwellings
  • Puerto Rico 1990: Private occupied dwellings
  • Puerto Rico 2000: Private households
  • Puerto Rico 2005: All households
  • Puerto Rico 2010: Private households and vacant housing units
  • Rwanda 2012: All households
  • Saint Lucia 1991: All households
  • South Africa 2011: Households in housing units or converted hostels
  • South Sudan 2008: All households
  • Sudan 2008: All households
  • Tanzania 2002: Private households
  • Tanzania 2012: All households
  • Thailand 1970: Urban and sampled rural households
  • Thailand 1980: Private households
  • Thailand 1990: Private households
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1980: All households
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1990: All households
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2000: Households that completed the interview
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2011: Private occupied households
  • Uganda 2002: Private households
  • United States 1960: Not group quarters (answered by only 20% of households)
  • United States 1980: Not group quarters
  • United States 1990: Not group quarters
  • United States 2000: Not group quarters
  • United States 2005: All households
  • United States 2010: Private households
  • United States 2015: Private households
  • Uruguay 1963: Private occupied households
  • Uruguay 1975: Occupied dwellings
  • Uruguay 1985: Occupied private households with people present
  • Uruguay 1996: Private occupied households
  • Uruguay 2006: All households
  • Uruguay 2011: Private occupied households
  • Venezuela 2001: Permanently occupied private dwellings
  • Vietnam 2009: Households with a dwelling
  • Zambia 1990: Occupied residential households
  • Zambia 2000: All households
  • Zambia 2010: All households

Availability

  • Argentina: 2001, 2010
  • Bolivia: 1976, 1992, 2001
  • Brazil: 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010
  • Cameroon: 2005
  • Canada: 2011
  • Colombia: 1973, 2005
  • Costa Rica: 1963, 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011
  • Cuba: 2002
  • Dominican Republic: 1981, 2002, 2010
  • Ecuador: 2010
  • El Salvador: 1992, 2007
  • France: 1968
  • Ghana: 2000, 2010
  • Guatemala: 1964, 1981, 1994, 2002
  • Honduras: 1988, 2001
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Jamaica: 2001
  • Jordan: 2004
  • Malawi: 2008
  • Malaysia: 2000
  • Mexico: 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015
  • Mozambique: 1997, 2007
  • Nicaragua: 1971, 1995, 2005
  • Panama: 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Paraguay: 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • Peru: 1993
  • Poland: 2002
  • Puerto Rico: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • Rwanda: 2012
  • Saint Lucia: 1991
  • South Africa: 2011
  • South Sudan: 2008
  • Sudan: 2008
  • Tanzania: 2002, 2012
  • Thailand: 1970, 1980, 1990
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011
  • Uganda: 2002
  • United States: 1960, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015
  • Uruguay: 1963, 1975, 1985, 1996, 2006, 2011
  • Venezuela: 2001
  • Vietnam: 2009
  • Zambia: 1990, 2000, 2010