|South Africa 2011|
|South Africa 2016|
|Trinidad and Tobago 2011|
P12B. If [Yes] at P12A, state the severity of all applicable difficulties as follows:
F. Speaking and talking
P12A and P12B - Disability
The question provides information which is needed for the formulation and implementation of programs in support of the disabled (e.g. special education, employment and social aid).
8. How to fill in the Population Census Questionnaire
P12A and P12B - Disability
This question should be asked tactfully to obtain information as to whether the person has any difficulty to perform a daily-life activity (as listed at P12B - A to I) considered normal for his/her age. If the answer is "Yes", ask for the severity of all applicable difficulties as follows:
Shade the degree of severity for all applicable difficulties. If a difficulty is not applicable, leave the corresponding boxes blank.
If a person has reported that he/she is experiencing "I - Other difficulties" at P12B, specify the nature of the difficulty in the adjacent boxes.
For all members of the household, specify the degree of difficulty the person has in
[Questions 16 to 21 were asked of all household members]
21. Communicating in his/her usual language
The entire population
[Questions B16 through B28 were asked of all resident persons.]
Population aged 1 year or older.
[Question B21 through B26 were asked of all resident persons age 1 or older.]
B21-B26. The following questions pertain to difficulties which you may have in carrying out certain activities due to a health problem.
B21/26: set of short questions on disability recommended for the censuses (population aged 1 year and over)
The questions about disability issues have been greatly altered in relation to what previous censuses proposed. It is about Senegal aligning itself with the progress made in this area. The United Nations, through their experts on global statistics, created in the 2000s a group of experts, the Washington group, which developed a series of short questions for censuses and surveys according to the Basic Principles of Official Statistics. These questions identify the majority of those most at risk in the general population who have limited or restricted participation in public life. It is not a question of identifying the handicap or the cause of disability, the question is to identify the limitations of the respondent (and/or one of his or her family members) to have/potentially have difficulty in performing actions linked to their lifestyle and related functions: seeing, hearing, walking, having cognitive faculty, taking care of themselves, and communicating. These are the areas the questions included in the census questionnaire concern.
The questions to ask relate to the difficulties that the respondent or a family member may have in fulfilling certain tasks in a sustainable manner (6 months or more, in a recurring manner):
Each question has four response categories:
The severity scale is used in the response categories to identify the full range of functional domains ranging from the most benign to the most severe form. This is very important because we will have a full range of the respondent's capabilities.
NB: This question concerns the population aged at least 1 year.
On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.
P-12 Health and functioning
Does [the person have difficulty in the following?
Write the appropriate code [number from 1 to 6] in the box.
[3.7] Household members
[3.7.3] General health and functioning
Now, I am going to ask you health-related questions.
[188.8.131.52] Does the respondent have difficulty communicating in his/her usual language [i.e. understanding others or being understood by others]?
All persons (health)
[Questions P21a to P23 were asked of all persons about their health.]
P21a. Does this person experience difficulty / problems (with):
13(b). Disability status
Persons with disabilities are defined here as those persons who are at greater risk than the general population for experiencing restrictions in performing specific tasks or participating in role activities.
Data about impairments (problems at the level of organs and anatomical structures) is different from data about activity limitations (limitations on the capacity of a person to act or behave in a desired manner, because of a health condition), which again is different from data about participation restrictions (limitations in what a person does that result from an interaction between impairments or activity limitations and barriers created by the person's environment).
Short-term disabilities due to temporary conditions such as broken legs and illness are excluded. Only disabilities lasting for at least six months or expected to last for more than six (6) months are to be included.
The following categories focus on whether the individual has any impairments:
Participation restrictions are problems an individual may experience in involvement in life situations. A participation restriction can be determined by comparing an individual's normal and regular involvement in activities with that expected of an individual without a disability.
The following categories focus on whether the individual has any participation/activity limitations: