Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart

Codes and Frequencies

Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Explore how IPUMS created this variable


VCR indicates whether the household had a videocassette recorder or similar device.

Comparability — Index

Saint Lucia
South Africa

Comparability — General

They are some comparability issues across samples. Samples have questionnaires indicating variously "video", "video player", "video recorder, or "videocassette/DVD". Thus, DVD players are mixed in with VCRs in many cases -- perhaps in all modern samples where the newer technology is relevant.

Comparability — Brazil [top]

Only units in usable condition were to be considered.

Comparability — Egypt [top]

For the 2006 sample, the unharmonized source variable records the number of units in the household; units are counted when they are being used or intended for future use. The 1996 sample indicates "video" and 2006 "video player".

Comparability — Fiji [top]

The 2007 and 2014 samples explicitly include DVD players in this variable and records the number of units in the source variable. The 1996 sample asked for video and television in the same question, and it is therefore not included here.

Comparability — Israel [top]

In the 1995 and 2008 samples, the source variables record whether the household has access to the equipment, not necessarily whether they own the equipment. The 1995 sample refers to "video set", while it also includes DVD players in 2008.

In 1995, the question was asked of private and Kibbutz households. In 2008, the universe included private households.

Comparability — Mexico [top]

Enumerators were instructed to include broken or inoperable units, provided that the household intended to repair the unit. They were instructed not to include units borrowed from employers.

Comparability — Palestine [top]

The 2007 sample also includes DVD players in this variable.

Comparability — Peru [top]

The question simply asks whether the household has any units.

Comparability — Philippines [top]

Units not in working condition for six months or longer are excluded, even if they were intended to be repaired. The 2010 sample also includes CD and DVD players in this variable.

Comparability — Saint Lucia [top]

The question asks about units owned or rented by the household.

Comparability — Senegal [top]

In 2002 and 2013, the enumeration instructions specify that both functioning and temporarily non-functioning units should be counted. The 2002 sample records ownership of a VCR or DVD player, while the 2013 sample records ownership of a Video, VCD, or DVD player.

The question was asked of all households in 2002 and ordinary households in 2013.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

In the 2016 sample, the source variable only includes equipment that is owned by the household and in working order. The source variable includes DVD and Blu-ray players.

Comparability — Suriname [top]

The 2012 census asks whether the equipment is at the household's disposal and in working condition. The source variable includes DVD, mp3, mp4, and Blu-ray players.

Comparability — Thailand [top]

The unharmonized source variable records the number of units in the household.

Comparability — Togo [top]

The 2010 sample includes video recorders, VCD, and DVD players in the census question.


  • Argentina 2001: Non-collective dwellings and not homeless
  • Brazil 2000: Not group quarters or improvised dwellings
  • Egypt 1996: All households
  • Egypt 2006: Private households
  • El Salvador 2007: Occupied private dwellings with people present
  • Fiji 2007: All households
  • Fiji 2014: All households
  • Israel 1995: Private and Kibbutz households
  • Israel 2008: Private households
  • Malaysia 1991: Private households
  • Malaysia 2000: All households
  • Mexico 2000: All households
  • Palestine 1997: All households
  • Palestine 2007: All households except those in Jerusalem annexed by Israel in 1967
  • Peru 1993: Private occupied households
  • Philippines 2000: All households
  • Philippines 2010: All households
  • Saint Lucia 1991: All households
  • Senegal 2002: All households
  • Senegal 2013: Ordinary households
  • South Africa 2016: All households
  • Suriname 2012: All households
  • Thailand 1990: Private households
  • Togo 2010: All households
  • Uruguay 1996: Occupied private households
  • Uruguay 2006: All households


  • Argentina: 2001
  • Brazil: 2000
  • Egypt: 1996, 2006
  • El Salvador: 2007
  • Fiji: 2007, 2014
  • Israel: 1995, 2008
  • Malaysia: 1991, 2000
  • Mexico: 2000
  • Palestine: 1997, 2007
  • Peru: 1993
  • Philippines: 2000, 2010
  • Saint Lucia: 1991
  • Senegal: 2002, 2013
  • South Africa: 2016
  • Suriname: 2012
  • Thailand: 1990
  • Togo: 2010
  • Uruguay: 1996, 2006