Codes and Frequencies
Most IPUMS data transformations are performed using variable harmonization tables that specify how each value in the source data is recoded. Some variables also require programming logic in addition to the harmonization table. The harmonization documents for this variable are:
SPEAKRUS indicates whether the respondent could speak Russian fluently.
- Russia 2002: All persons
- Russia 2010: All persons
- Russia: 2002, 2010