Questionnaire Text

Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Population Census Questions

For all 15 years old and over.
[Questions 20 to 23 were asked of persons 15 years and over]

P21. Kind of Business or Industry- In what kind of business or industry did [the respondent] work during the past 12 months?

Write detailed description on the space provided.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Columns P20 to P23 for All Persons 15 Years Old and Over
Columns P20 to P23 are to be accomplished only for household members 15 years old and over. Thus, if a household member is less than 15 years old, leave these columns blank.

P21-Kind of Business or Industry
[definition] Industry refers to the nature or character of the business or enterprise, or the place wherein the person works. Data on this provide information on the level and trend of industrialization and/or important aspects of the country's potential for economic development.

For persons 15 years old and over with report of gainful usual activity/occupation in P20, ask, "In what kind of business or industry did [the respondent] work during the past twelve months?"

Write on the space provided the kind of business or industry of the household member. This will be coded later in the PO. However, for persons 15 years old and over who are reported as nongainful (housewives, students, retirees, and disabled, among others) and for those below 15 years old, leave P21 blank.

The entries in columns P20 and P21 should be consistent with each other. The business or industry should describe specifically and adequately the character and nature of business or industry or the place where the work is being performed in connection with the job or occupation, such as palay farm, sari-sari store, gold mine, leather shoe factory, rice mill, call center, and others. Do not be satisfied with answers like names of firms (for instance, Soriano and Co., LM Enterprise, and others), since they do not necessarily describe the specific business or activity the company is engaged in. Probe and try to elicit from the respondent information about the kind of product (if manufacturing firm) or the kind of service that the company is engaged in.
Moreover, if work is pursued in a big company that is engaged in several types of activities, report the nature of the particular activity of that company where the person is working. An example is San Miguel Corporation, which is engaged in brewery, bottling, food processing, dairies, and others.
If the person works in a government office or institution, the name of the office, bureau, public school, and others, may be accepted. If the person works in the executive branch of a local government, indicate whether it is under the provincial, city or municipal government.
Moreover, when the government office is engaged in services other than administrative, for instance, education, communication, health, transportation, construction, and others, persons working in such office must be reported based on their corresponding activity, such as railroad, airport, insurance, high school, highway construction, and others.
Below are examples of how some officials and employees of the government should be reported:

[] Usual Occupation: Business or Industry
[] Accounting clerk: Land Bank of the Philippines, NSO
[] Registered nurse: Rural Health Unit, Provincial Hospital
[] Market collector: Municipal Government
[] Municipal Secretary: Municipal Government,
[] Dump truck operator: Road construction (DPWH)
[] Stenographer: Regional Trial Court

Distinction should be made between manufacturing and retailing in case an establishment is engaged in both activities. The entry in this column should be according to the section of the establishment in which the person works. Likewise, manufacturing should be differentiated from wholesaling.
Example: A traveling salesman working for a distributor of soft drinks will have an entry of "soft drinks distribution" for industry. A traveling salesman working directly with a soft drinks factory will have "soft drinks factory" for industry.
You must distinguish between two kinds of business specializing in selling. A wholesale store sells primarily to retailers, while a retail store sells directly to consumers.
For a person conducting business in his/her own house, report his/her business just as you are reporting a regular establishment, such as dressmaking or tailoring shop, radio repair shop, law office, dental clinic, and others.
For a person who does not have a permanent job and usually pursues his usual occupation by working for several employers engaged in different kinds of business or industry (like many farm and manual laborers), report the kind of business or industry in which he/she usually worked longest during the past 12 months.
Industries which Need Special Care in Classification

In some industries, the common titles are sometimes inadequate. In such cases, enter the specific kind of business or industry the firm or company is engaged in. Below are examples of industries for which special care must be taken.
[] Agency: Real estate agency, travel agency, security agency, and others
[] Assembly plant: Motor vehicle assembly plant, motor/bicycle assembly plant, and others
[] Box factory: Paper box factory, wooden box factory, and others
[] Business: Wholesale/retail of fish, dry goods/textile retail, and others
[] Buying and selling: Eggs wholesale, vegetable retail, and others
[] Canning factory: Fruit canning factory, fish canning factory, and others
[] Factory: Candy factory, soap factory, and others
[] Farm: Corn farm, sugar cane farm, and others
[] Fishing: Fishpond, lake or river, deep-sea fishing, and others
[] Manufacturing: Manufacture of household appliances, garments, toys, and others
[] Mill: Rice or corn mill, flour mill, sugar mill, knitting mill, and others
[] Mining: Coal mine, gold mine, copper mine, and others
[] Office: Law office, life insurance company, savings or commercial bank, and others
[] Plant: Ice plant, electric power plant, and others
[] Private Firm: Specify kind of business engaged in by the firm
[] Repair Shop: Shoe repair shop, radio repair shop, auto repair shop, welding shop, and others
[] Shoe Factory: Leather shoe factory, rubber shoe factory, wooden shoe factory, and others
[] Shop: Dress shop, beauty parlor, barber shop, and others
[] Store: Wholesale dry goods store, sari-sari store, and others
[] Textile: Knitting, weaving or spinning mill, and others

Important Notice: Pay special attention to the preceding instructions because ambiguous reporting of the kind of business or industry will result to inappropriate or wrong codes and consequently affect the data on the economic characteristics of the population