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Relationship information in occupation string


This variable is not available for any of the currently selected samples.

Explore how IPUMS created this variable


OCRELATE preserves inconsistently available information in responses to occupational questions. It is modified from the HISCO subsidiary coding scheme "RELATION." The purpose of OCRELATE is to retain information about social and familial relationships around a person's occupation.

For example, some respondents indicated that they were a "laborer's wife." In this case the response received the occupational (OCCHISCO) code for not having an occupation, and the OCRELATE code for wife (10) to indicate that they were related as a wife to a worker.

Changes from the HISCO RELATION codes
We have removed the "temporal relationships" category from the OCRELATE codes and moved them to OCSTATUS. We felt that "former or retired" and "future" relationships to work were better described as status designators. Future relationships to an occupation were often people describing themselves as students or apprentices in specified professions and trades.

Comparability — General

This variable is only available for Norway, Sweden, 1881 Canada, and 1801 Iceland.


No universe descriptions are currently available.


  • Canada: 1881
  • Iceland: 1801
  • Norway: 1865, 1875, 1900, 1910
  • Sweden: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910