Questionnaire Text

Argentina 1970 Germany 1987 Mexico 2015 Spain 2010Q1
Argentina 1980 Ghana 1984 Mongolia 2000 Spain 2010Q2
Armenia 2011 Ghana 2000 Morocco 1982 Spain 2010Q3
Austria 1971 Ghana 2010 Morocco 1994 Spain 2010Q4
Austria 1981 Greece 1971 Morocco 2004 Spain 2011
Austria 1991 Greece 1981 Mozambique 1997 Spain 2011Q1
Austria 2001 Greece 1991 Mozambique 2007 Spain 2011Q2
Belarus 1999 Greece 2001 Nepal 2001 Spain 2011Q3
Belarus 2009 Greece 2011 Nepal 2011 Spain 2011Q4
Benin 1979 Guatemala 1964 Netherlands 2001 Spain 2012Q1
Benin 1992 Guatemala 1973 Netherlands 2011 Spain 2012Q2
Benin 2002 Guatemala 1981 Nicaragua 1971 Spain 2012Q3
Benin 2013 Guatemala 1994 Nicaragua 1995 Spain 2012Q4
Bolivia 1976 Guatemala 2002 Nicaragua 2005 Spain 2013Q1
Bolivia 1992 Guinea 1983 Nigeria 2008 Spain 2013Q2
Bolivia 2001 Guinea 1996 Nigeria 2009 Spain 2013Q3
Botswana 1981 Haiti 1982 Nigeria 2010 Spain 2013Q4
Botswana 1991 Haiti 2003 Pakistan 1973 Spain 2014Q1
Botswana 2001 Honduras 1961 Palestine 1997 Spain 2014Q2
Botswana 2011 Honduras 1974 Palestine 2007 Spain 2014Q3
Brazil 1960 Honduras 1988 Panama 1960 Spain 2014Q4
Brazil 1970 Honduras 2001 Panama 1970 Spain 2015Q1
Brazil 1980 Hungary 1970 Panama 1980 Spain 2015Q2
Brazil 1991 Hungary 1980 Panama 1990 Spain 2015Q3
Brazil 2000 Hungary 1990 Panama 2000 Spain 2015Q4
Brazil 2010 Hungary 2001 Panama 2010 Spain 2016Q1
Burkina Faso 1985 Hungary 2011 Papua New Guinea 1980 Spain 2016Q2
Burkina Faso 1996 India 1983 Papua New Guinea 1990 Spain 2016Q3
Cambodia 1998 India 1987 Papua New Guinea 2000 Spain 2016Q4
Cambodia 2004 India 1993 Paraguay 1962 Spain 2017Q1
Cambodia 2008 India 1999 Paraguay 1972 Spain 2017Q2
Cambodia 2013 India 2004 Paraguay 1982 Spain 2017Q3
Cameroon 1976 India 2009 Paraguay 1992 Spain 2017Q4
Cameroon 2005 Indonesia 1971 Paraguay 2002 Spain 2018Q1
Canada 1971 Indonesia 1976 Peru 1993 Spain 2018Q2
Canada 1981 Indonesia 1980 Peru 2007 Spain 2018Q3
Canada 1991 Indonesia 1985 Philippines 1990 Spain 2018Q4
Canada 2001 Indonesia 1990 Philippines 2000 Sudan 2008
Canada 2011 Indonesia 1995 Philippines 2010 Switzerland 1970
Chile 1960 Indonesia 2005 Poland 2002 Switzerland 1980
Chile 1970 Iran 2006 Portugal 1981 Switzerland 1990
Chile 1982 Iran 2011 Portugal 1991 Switzerland 2000
Chile 1992 Iraq 1997 Portugal 2001 Tanzania 1988
Chile 2002 Ireland 1971 Portugal 2011 Tanzania 2002
China 1982 Ireland 1981 Puerto Rico 1970 Tanzania 2012
China 1990 Ireland 1986 Puerto Rico 1980 Thailand 1970
China 2000 Ireland 1991 Puerto Rico 1990 Thailand 1980
Colombia 1964 Ireland 1996 Puerto Rico 2000 Thailand 1990
Colombia 1973 Ireland 2002 Puerto Rico 2005 Thailand 2000
Costa Rica 1973 Ireland 2006 Puerto Rico 2010 Togo 1960
Costa Rica 1984 Ireland 2011 Romania 1992 Togo 1970
Costa Rica 2000 Italy 2001 Romania 2002 Togo 2010
Costa Rica 2011 Italy 2011 Romania 2011 Trinidad and Tobago 1980
Cuba 2002 Italy 2011Q1 Rwanda 2002 Trinidad and Tobago 1990
Dominican Republic 1960 Italy 2012Q1 Rwanda 2012 Trinidad and Tobago 2000
Dominican Republic 1970 Italy 2013Q1 Saint Lucia 1991 Turkey 1985
Dominican Republic 1981 Italy 2014Q1 Senegal 1988 Turkey 1990
Dominican Republic 2002 Italy 2015Q1 Senegal 2002 Turkey 2000
Dominican Republic 2010 Italy 2016Q1 Sierra Leone 2004 Uganda 1991
Ecuador 1962 Italy 2017Q1 Slovenia 2002 Uganda 2002
Ecuador 1974 Italy 2018Q1 South Africa 1996 United Kingdom 1991
Ecuador 1982 Jamaica 1982 South Africa 2001 United Kingdom 2001
Ecuador 1990 Jamaica 1991 South Africa 2007 United States 1960
Ecuador 2001 Jamaica 2001 South Sudan 2008 United States 1970
Ecuador 2010 Jordan 2004 Spain 1981 United States 1980
Egypt 1986 Kenya 1989 Spain 1991 United States 1990
Egypt 1996 Kyrgyz Republic 1999 Spain 2001 United States 2000
Egypt 2006 Lesotho 1996 Spain 2005Q1 United States 2005
El Salvador 1992 Lesotho 2006 Spain 2005Q2 United States 2010
El Salvador 2007 Liberia 1974 Spain 2005Q3 United States 2015
Ethiopia 1984 Liberia 2008 Spain 2005Q4 Uruguay 1963
Ethiopia 1994 Malawi 1987 Spain 2006Q1 Uruguay 1975
Fiji 1976 Malawi 1998 Spain 2006Q2 Uruguay 1985
Fiji 1986 Malawi 2008 Spain 2006Q3 Uruguay 1996
Fiji 1996 Malaysia 1970 Spain 2006Q4 Uruguay 2006
Fiji 2007 Malaysia 1980 Spain 2007Q1 Venezuela 1981
Fiji 2014 Malaysia 1991 Spain 2007Q2 Venezuela 1990
France 1962 Malaysia 2000 Spain 2007Q3 Venezuela 2001
France 1968 Mali 1987 Spain 2007Q4 Vietnam 1999
France 1975 Mali 1998 Spain 2008Q1 Vietnam 2009
France 1982 Mali 2009 Spain 2008Q2 Zambia 1990
France 1990 Mexico 1960 Spain 2008Q3 Zambia 2000
France 1999 Mexico 1970 Spain 2008Q4 Zambia 2010
France 2006 Mexico 1990 Spain 2009Q1 Zimbabwe 2012
France 2011 Mexico 1995 Spain 2009Q2
Germany 1970 Mexico 2000 Spain 2009Q3
Germany 1981 Mexico 2010 Spain 2009Q4
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Argentina 1970 — source variable AR1970A_0417 — Occupation [3 digit]
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Economic Characteristics -- for all individuals ten years of age and older

[Questions 13-17 were asked of all persons 10 years and older.]

Only those people who responded 1, 2 or 3 in question number 13 should answer these questions.


[Questions 14-16 are asked only of persons who responded 1, 2 or 3 to question 13. The questions referred to the activity carried out between Monday and the Sunday before the day of the census.]


14. What is the occupation, position, or profession that provides the greatest part of your income? ____

Write, for example: tailor, sheep shearing, driller (tornero), agricultural laborer (peón de estancia), truck driver, butcher, taxi driver, construction laborer (peón de albañil), doctor, accounting assistant, cashier, director of sales, carpenter, etc.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic Characteristics


1. In this section of the form, all persons should respond who are [10] years old and [more] (consult the census form).


[p.161]

2. The Census will take place on September 30.

You will ask each person who you are enumerating: What did you do during the majority of the week from September 21 to 26.

The question refers to the week immediately [before] the "Census Day."

[p.162]

3. To complete the following box, consult the census form, question number 13.

The concept of "the majority of last week" refers to [4] normal work shifts, according to the occupation that the person practices, or if he/she worked more than [35] hours a week.

[p.163]

4. Observe that the question number 13 includes ten alternatives that are listed in a column. Once you have read question number 13, without waiting for an answer, begin reading each of the ten choices. If the person answers affirmatively to the choices 1, 2, or 3, you should mark the corresponding box and then continue with the question 14.

Miss Garcia answers "Yes" to choice 2 (Didn't work, but had employment?). You mark [x]2 and move immediately to question number [14].

[p.164]

5. When you enumerate Mr. Pereira you ask: What did you do during the majority of the week from September 21 to 26? Immediately, without waiting for an answer, begin to read the ten possible options. When you read the first (worked?), Mr. Pereira answers, "yes." You mark this answer [x]1, and immediately move on to question number [14].

[p.165]

6. If a person answering the census answers "Yes" to the alternative [1], [2] or [3], you move on to question 14, then mark the respective box.

But if person answering the census answers "Yes" to any of the alternative 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, or 10, you move directly to question number 17.


8. Now let's consider questions number 14, 15, and 16.

These questions will be asked exclusively in the cases in which you marked one of the boxes [1], [2], or [3] in the question number 13.


Mr. Pereira fixes radios in his house and in addition works in a store that sells electrical goods. Mr. Pereira says that he "earns more" as a vendor.

What answer will you mark for the question number 14"
[vendor of electrical goods].

[p.168]

9. The name of the occupation, job, or profession that the person answering the census gives as an answer to the question number 14, should always be the one that provides him/her with the [greatest income].

This name should provide a precise idea of the occupation, job, or profession that the person carries out.

[p.169]

10. If a person says: "I work in a family home, where I only take care of the children."

In the question number 14, of the following occupations, which would you mark? [nanny]

[p.170]

11. The oldest of the Misses Garcia works as a supervisor in the Purchasing Office for the National Sanitation Works.

In this case, you would write:
[Supervisor of the Purchasing Office]


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Argentina 1980 — source variable AR1980A_0415 — Occupation
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C. Population

For all of the persons 14 years and more

[Questions 10-15 were asked of persons age 14 and older.]


Questions 11, 12, and 13 should be asked only of the person that responded to one of the first three choices in question 10. The answer should refer to the activity carried out between Monday and the Sunday before the day of the census.

[Question 11, 12 and 13 were asked of persons who responded to one of the first three choices in question 10: worked, didn't work but had a job, or looked for work having worked before.]


11. What is the occupation, job or type of work that you do? ________

Write for example: chemist, artist, accounting assistant, sales manager, salesman, administrative employee, teacher, machine shearer weaver, tow truck driver, taxi driver, construction assistant.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Population

Census home is a person or group of persons, related or not, who occupy the same dwelling. You will write down first the name and surname of the head of the household, then ask all the corresponding questions.


You will ask the following questions to all persons 14 years old or older.


11. What is the occupation, craft, or class of work that you do?
You will write down the name of the occupation, giving a precise idea as in the examples that are shown in the questionnaire.

You will avoid imprecise names like: agricultural worker, aid, employee, etc.

If the enumerated person has more than one occupation, you will write down what is considered as principle.


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Armenia 2011 — source variable AM2011A_0432 — Occupation
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Questions 21-28 are filled in for 15-75 years old persons.

21. Whether the respondent had a job or income-producing business during the week preceding the census i.e. from October 4 - 11 (including those who are temporarily absent from their job)

[] Yes
[] No

Questions 22-24 were asked of those who had a job or income-producing business.

23. Occupation at the main workplace ___

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 28

Your occupation, occupied position, or activity in the main workplace

For those people who had any paid work or profitable job from October 4 to 11 (for whom code "1" was written in the 26th question), the detailed description of the type of the occupation, which they do in the workplace, mentioned in the 27th question, is written:

1) If the respondent had more than one job, and in the observed period he/she was temporary absent from the main workplace, than information on occupation, occupied position or the work (activities) should be completed according to the main workplace (activity) as in the question 27.
2) The occupation or/and occupied position must be written in detail mentioning the type of the work. It's not allowed to write "manager", "master", "typist", "operator" and so on (because most of them have the same name, but they belong to the different sphere of activity), instead it must be written "manager of the library", "manager of the marketing department", "computer operator", "camera operator", and so on.
3) If the title of position, for example "1st class specialist", doesn't allow to define the occupation, the brief job description should be written.
4) For those people who work in their own organizations without hiring people or engaging them in work time after time, the title of the occupation (handicraft) is written; for example "dentist", "sewer" and so on. In case of engaging employees, i.e. he/she is an employer, regardless of his/her occupation in the organization - "director" is written.
5) The detailed description of the wok done is written for those people who do diverse works (except agriculture) that doesn't require a specialization.
6) If the respondent is engaged in farming and produce agricultural products, "Engaged in crop production" or "Engaged in production of milk, eggs", etc. is written, with further explanation whether it whether the production was intended for their own consumption, selling or for other purposes.
7) If the respondent has done different type of agricultural works, and it is difficult to record them separately, than "Engaged in cultivation of agricultural crops" or "Engaged in raising of livestock", or "Engaged in cultivation of agricultural crops and raising of livestock" is written.
8) For those people who work in the organizations that belong to the member of the family, without payment, as an occupation is written the one they are engaged in most of the time. For example, if the member of the family most of the time is engaged in unloading of goods, "porter" is written.
9) For those people who serve in the army, then write "serves in the army."


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Austria 1971 — source variable AT1971A_0420 — Occupation of supporter: sub-major groups
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For employed persons, active duty guardsmen, and unemployed persons
[Questions 15-17 were asked of employed persons, active duty guardsman, and unemployed persons only.]

Please note the explanations on page 4 of the household list.


15. Practiced profession: ________

Please be precise. Not: "Unskilled worker", "Office employee", "civil servant", but e.g. "paint mixer", "booking/reservations machine operator", "civil servant in higher country-archive-work".


For Question 15, practiced profession: For multiple practiced professions, only answers about the main profession should be answered. This also applies to Questions 16 and 17. Unemployed persons and active duty guardsmen give answers concerning the most recently practiced profession.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 15-17 of the persons sheet
[Questions 15 - 17 were asked of employed persons, active duty guardsman, and unemployed persons only.]

The Statistic Central Office checks the answers for Questions 15 and 17 in the systematic register, so that they can be coded correctly for consolidation processing with the computer. For a very general restrained held answers, for example "office employee", the person in charge however does not know whether the person should be classified as an authorized signatory, accountant, shorthand typist, or paper sorter. If in question 17 for example only "metal branch" is marked, then this could just as well be a car factory, an art lock-making or an ironware store. Therefore the most accurate possible answers are requested. If someone remarks that they are not able to describe their profession, a description of work of the employed person or the type of product or the services of the business or the department is also sufficient.


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Austria 1981 — source variable AT1981A_0421 — Occupation of supporter: sub-major groups
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(11) Exact Job Description:
(a) (For example "paint mixer"--not "support staff"; or for example "booking/reservations machine operator"--not "office employee; or for example "civil servant in higher country-archive-work"--not "civil servant") ____

(b) Key word description of your occupational activity ________


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


For questions 11 and 14, Job title, Branch of industry

The answers for questions 11 and 14 checked in the systematic distortions at the Statistic Central Office, so that they can be properly encoded for processing with the computer. Concerning a general held answer, i.e. "office employee", the editor however does not know if the person should be classified as an authorized signatory, accountant, shorthand typist, or paper sorter. If in question 14 for example only "metal branch" is marked, then this could just as well be a rolling mill or a car factory, an art-lock making or an ironware store. Therefore the most accurate possible answers are requested.

In Question 11b, the professional occupation should be described in addition in note form. If someone remarks that they are not able to describe their profession, then they should refer to the auxiliary questions from the explanations (on the fourth page of the household list). During the test census before the people's census, it was found that keyword descriptions of professions were very practical for the encoding of answers.


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Austria 1991 — source variable AT1991A_0428 — Occupation of supporter: ISCO major groups
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12. Exact description of occupation: ________
e.g. "bookkeeper" or "shoe salesman" - not "commercial employee"
"Mounting of video machines on assembly line" - not "unskilled worker"
Public-sector employees enter their use
e.g. "Contractual employee in social welfare service", "home carpenter", "street cleaner"


11 to 16. If several employments exist, please answer questions 11 to 16 for the job with the most working time. In case of a change of employment at the time of the census, please answer questions 11 to 16 for the situation on May 15, 1991. Persons who both attend a school and have an occupation answer questions 11 to 16, depending on whether they have defined themselves as "employed" or as "pupil, student" in question 10.

11. Status in employment: workers mark "skilled worker", "semi-skilled worker" or "unskilled worker", depending on their collective labor agreement placement in the business they are employed in.
A person is self-employed if he/she is not an employee but instead has a profession in his/her own account.
With/without employee: depending whether persons receiving wages or salaries are employed in the business or not. Self-employed persons whose only employees are family members who are not being formally paid, please mark "without employees".
Unpaid workers in a family business are working in the business of a family member without being formally paid.

12. Exact description of occupation: Your statements will be categorized in one of 300 different occupational groups, and we therefore ask you to be as precise as possible in describing your occupational activity.

Examples of precise description of occupation:

Gas welder for steel construction parts
Operator of data processing machines
Adjuster of men's shirts
Plexiglas cutter
Operator of plastic processing machines
Foreman of a dip-varnishing business
Electrician for high-tension transmission lines
Scientific researcher in the field of environmental protection


13. Branch of economic activity of the company or office: the branch of economic activity states to which branch the business or which you are working belongs to. Public service employees enter "federal administration", "provincial administration" or "municipal administration" depending on which government unit they are employed with.

14. Name of company or type of school you are presently attending: persons with several employers, cleaners) enter "several employers".

15 and 16. Address and journey to workplace or school: These questions are designed to describe your journey from your housing unit to your workplace or school. Teachers therefore state the school where they are teaching (school they are based at) and not e.g. School Inspection Authority.
Persons working in their house or on the same piece of property (e.g. janitors, farmers, homeworkers) or who live in the school building, mark the box "this house" for questions 15; these persons skip question 16.
If the workplace (school) is abroad, please state which country.
Persons with changing workplace (e.g. cleaning women, constructions workers) answer question 15 and 16 in accordance with the situation on May 15, 1991.
Persons who marked "not daily" in question 16a) can skip parts b and c.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


11 to 16, occupational questions:
If several employment relationships exist, please answer question 11 to 16 for the profession with the most working hours.

If you are changing employment relationships at the time of the population census, please answer questions 11 to 16 for the situation on May 15, 1991.

Persons who are employed as well as attending a school, answer questions 11 to 16 depending on if they designated themselves as "employed" or "student, pupil" in question 10.

Purpose of the question:
The results of the populations census in occupational and economic areas are of great importance for the planning administration, the economy, research and the representation of interests, because they present a cross section of the total of all employed persons. Other surveys (like e.g. local unit of employment census or the social insurance institutes) also provide data in this area, but not with the diversity, objectivity, and regional subdivision and combination possibilities of the population census.


12, Exact description of occupation:
e.g.: "bookkeeper" or "shoe salesman" not "commercial employee," "Mounting of video devices on assembly line" not "unskilled worker."
Public servants enter their assignment: e.g. "contractual employee in social support service," "home carpenter," "street cleaner."

Your statements should be categorized into one of 300 different occupational groups, and we therefore ask you to be as precise as possible in describing your occupational activities.

Examples of precise description of occupation include: gas welder for steel construction parts, operator of data processing machines, men's shirt adjuster, glass cuter, operator of plastic processing machines, foreman of a dip-varnishing business, electrician for high-tension transmission lines, scientific researcher in the field of environmental protection.

Enumerator guideline:
The entries in this question are looked up in a dictionary-like directory, in order to be able to correctly code you for the processing with the computer. For a generally held entry such as "office worker" the processor does not know if the person should be classified as an authorized officer, bookkeeper, shorthand typist, paper sorter etc. Statements as precise as possible are asked for.

Purpose of the question:
With this question the field of activity that a person in a company supervises is depicted.

The population census is one of the most important, comprehensive data sources for analyses of occupational structure. It enables the depiction of occupations according to the place of residence as well as according to the place of work of the employed persons and reveals the locations of infrequent occupations.

The occupation practiced in comparison with the education completed is of importance for the predictions of the "replacement demand" or for the guidance of youth educational paths. Also analyzed are need calculations for individual occupational groups and occupations, with which measures for labor market advancement and directed occupational counseling are made possible. In addition, information about career change is gained, due to the connection between learned and practiced occupation.

The survey of the previous occupation of retired persons serves primarily to be able to classify the growing number of retired persons in the charts according to their previous job.


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Austria 2001 — source variable AT2001A_0430 — Occupation of supporter: ISCO major groups
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[Questions 12 - 15 were asked of persons gainfully employed]


13. Exact designation of occupation (you are currently in): ____

e.g. "bookkeeper" or "shoe salesperson" not "commercial employee"; "video equipment assembler" not unskilled worker; "clerical worker", "tax calculator at revenue authority", "street cleaner" -- not civil servant; "pc administrator", "film developer", "operations scheduler" not "technical employee".


Questions 12 to 15:
Persons who marked one of the three "gainfully employed" boxes in question 11 must always answer questions 12 to 15 for this gainful employment regardless of the referrals to other questions. If you hold several jobs, please answer questions12 to 15 for the occupation involving the most working hours. If you are switching jobs at the time of the census, please answer questions 12 to 15 for your situation on 15 May 2001.

Question 12:
The "self-employed" (also freelances and professionals) are individuals who pursue their profession for their own account and are therefore not in an employment relationship as an employee.

Persons "helping in family business" are gainfully employed persons who are working in a business owned by a family member without receiving formal remuneration for this work.

Persons "under contract for work and services, freelance staff" are individuals who perform their work for their own account, similar to the self-employed.

Question 13:
Please select the designation (job title) that best describes your work (where possible, also the degree of responsibility you have within the business or operation).

Examples of precise work designations:
Accounts clerk
Men's shirts packing machinist
Glas cutter
Foreman at dip painting plant
Manager of retail shop
High voltage line installer
Planing machine operator
Scientific researcher in environmental protection


Question 14:
Please indicate as precisely as possible the name of the business/establishment at which you work for item 14.1, its industry (branch of economic activity) for item 14.2.

Please write in 14.1 the complete company name (e.g. Robert Miller GmbH). If you own a business without a formal company name (e.g. farmer), enter your own name in question 14.1.

Persons with several employers enter the company where they work the most amount of time and answer the remaining questions for this company.

Question 15:
The information from questions 15.1 to 15.6 on going to work or school everyday can be used to determine traffic flows. If you go both to school and to work, you should answer the questions for going to work.

Re 15.1: Persons commuting once a week enter the address of their accommodations at their place of work/school. If you depart both from your main place of residence and other accommodations, please indicate the place from which you depart more frequently. In case of doubt, the situation on the reference date applies.

Re 15.2: Gainfully employed persons with telework positions who visit their company at least once a week should include commuter data for these trips to the company.

Re 15.4: Gainfully employed persons enter the address of their place of work where they start work everyday. In other words, it is not the address of the head office of the company that is to be entered but e.g. for sales staff the address of the branch and for teachers the address of the school (base school) at which they teach. Persons with variable places of work (e.g. traveling salesmen) are kindly asked to enter the address of the place of work where they receive their work assignment.

Re 15.5: Persons who switch the mode of transportation they use day to day should indicate the one most frequently used. In case of doubt, the situation on the reference date should be entered.
Car pools with alternating drivers should indicate the situation on the reference date.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions 12 through 15:
Explanation: Persons who marked one of the three "gainfully employed" boxes in question 11 must answer questions 12 to 15 in any case for this gainful employment regardless of the referrals to other questions. If you hold several jobs, please answer questions 12 to 15 for the occupation involving the most working hours. If you are switching jobs at the time of the census, please answer questions 12 to 15 for your situation on 15 May 2001.
The population census results by occupational and economic characteristics are of great importance for the planning administration, the economy, research and the representation of interests, because they present a cross section of the total of all gainfully employed persons. Other surveys (like e.g. local unit of employment census) or the social insurance institutes also provide information in this field, but not with the diversity, objectivity, and regional structural and combination possibilities of the population census.


13. Exact designation of occupation:
Explanation: Please select the designation (job title) that best describes your work (where possible, also the degree of responsibility you have within the business or operation).

Examples of precise work designations: Accounts clerk, Men's shirts packing machinist, Glass cutter, Foreman at dipping paint plant, Manager of retail shop, High voltage line installer, Planing machine operator, Scientific researcher in environmental protection.

This information should be classified into around 400 different occupational categories. For that reason, please make sure that the information is as precise as possible. For a generally held entry (e.g. office worker), an exact classification is not possible because one does not know if the person as should be entered as an authorized officer, bookkeeper, shorthand typist, paper sorter etc. The entries for this question should be coded with automation-support - with the help of systematic directories.

With this question the field of activity that a person in a company supervises is depicted.

The population census is one of the most important, comprehensive data sources for analyses of occupational distribution. It makes possible the depiction of occupations in combination with other characteristics, for example: education, place of residence and place of work of the gainfully employed.

The occupation practiced in comparison with the education completed is of importance for the predictions of the "replacement demand" or for the guidance of youth educational paths. Need calculations for individual occupational groups and occupations are also among the analyses, which make activities for labor market advancement and directed occupational counseling possible. In addition, information about career change is gained, due to the connection between learned and practiced occupation.



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Belarus 1999 — source variable BY1999A_0445 — Occupation, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


13. What is your position at your main activity?
___ (Specify in detail the name of your position, your occupation and duties)
___ (Specify the name of the enterprise and its economic activity)


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 13. What was your post at your main activity?
Specify in detail the name of your post, occupation and duties


For all persons having work (i.e. who answered in positive to question 12 of the enumeration questionnaire) the name of the post, occupation or duties is to be recorded. For persons combining multiple jobs only the activity is to be recorded which the person questioned considers main.

The occupations are to be recorded in detail. One must not just record "director", "chief of department", "specialist", "trainee", "adviser", "expert", "master", "operator", "laboratory technician", but should indicate, for instance, "director for economy", "chief of the marketing department", "personnel specialist"," information protection expert", "hospital trainee", "adviser on economic questions", "legislative counsel", "expert physicist", "shot firer", "sound recordist", "analyst in chemistry laboratory".

If a person questioned was a director of small business, it should be indicated. For instance, "director of company, small business", "manager of hotel, small business", "commercial director, small business", "executive director, small business", etc.

For self-employed persons the name of their trade (occupation) is to be indicated, for instance, "tailoring", "shoemaker", "photographer", "dentist", "psychic", "vendor", etc.

If a person questioned was temporarily involved in the activity outside his main occupation, the main activity is to be recorded.

"Unskilled laborer" is to be recorded only for those engaged in different odd-jobs (excluding agricultural works), but in other cases the nature of work performed should be determined and recorded, for instance, "loader", "watchman", "cloakroom attendant", etc.

If a person was engaged in performing some definite duties in a state or collective farm or in farming holding, the name of his occupation is to be recorded. For example, "milkmaid", "cat hooker", "zootechnician", etc. If he/she was involved in performing various agricultural works and did not have a definite occupation, the name "plant-growing worker", "cattle breeding worker", etc. is to be recorded.

For persons only working without pay for their family business (store, farm or enterprise owned by relatives), the occupation should be recorded, in which they were engaged the most of time. For example, if a family worker is the most of time engaged in unloading of goods, the label "loader" is to be recorded for him.

For persons only working in their personal subsidiary plots and engaged in production of agricultural products, growing flowers, fishing, hunting, etc. aiming at further sale of that taken and produced, the labels "hog farmer", "vegetable grower", "bee-keeper", "flower gardener", "fish farmer", etc. should be recorded depending on the trade.

Specify the name of enterprise and its economic activity

After the names of the post, occupation and duties have been indicated, the name of the enterprises, in which a person questioned works, and its economic activity should be recorded because there are occupations having the same names but relating to different kinds of human activity.

The name of the enterprise, institution or organization, in which a person interviewed worked, should be recorded in full in order that it could be possible to determine the branch and economic activity. For instance, not the LLC "Rassvet", but the LLC cafe "Rassvet", not the JSC "Kommunarka" or "Factory "Kommunarka", but the "JSC confectionary plant "Kommunarka". In selected cases only the "Machine-building plant" or "Chemical factory" can be indicated.

If it is difficult to identify the economic branch by the name of enterprise, its economic activity should be indicated (e.g., LLC "Veta", marketing, CJSC (closed joint stock company) "Domkrat", construction, etc.).

For persons working in multi-industry organizations, for instance, in firms or concerns, not the name of the firm or concern itself is to recorded, but the name of a specific enterprise belonging to it (e.g., not the concern "Bellegprom" should be recorded, but a detailed name of an enterprise, trading organization, etc.). If a person questioned worked at an enterprise as a full-time official of trade union, etc., the name of the activity "trade union" is to be recorded.

For persons working in a personal service centre the name of a specific workshop, atelier, etc. should be recorded (e.g., "Shoe-repair store", "Sewing workshop", but not the "Personal service centre").

Names of enterprises and institutions should not be recorded as abbreviations (e.g., it is impermissible to specify MRGW instead of "Mechanical rubber goods works"). Only well-known abbreviations can be admitted (e.g., ?EE (research institute)).

If an enterprise is owned by a state or collective farm, the type of enterprise and the state or collective farm are to be recorded (e.g., "Brick-making plant of the state farm", "Barbershop of the collective farm").

For persons working in canteens, first-aid posts, barbershops, etc. attached to enterprises or institutions, the name of the canteen, first-aid post, barbershop, etc., but not the name of the enterprise or institution, workers of which they served, is to be recorded (e.g., "Canteen of the factory").

For persons engaged in own farming holding, the name "agriculture" is to be recorded.

For self-employed persons the economic activity should be indicated, for instance, "tailoring", "trading", etc.

For unpaid family workers or unpaid workers of farming holding a detailed name of the enterprise should be recorded or "agriculture".

For persons only engaged in developing own personal subsidiary plots, the label "Personal subsidiary plot" is to be indicated.

For ministers of religion and persons engaged in the field of religious faiths, the name of the religious service place is to be recorded (church, Roman-Catholic church, synagogue, monastery, etc.)

When going to question 14 of the enumeration questionnaire, the enumerator should remember that the answer is to be given for the occupation indicated in question 13 of the enumeration questionnaire.


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Belarus 2009 — source variable BY2009A_0429 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Form 2H: Personal Questionnaire
If the respondent had two or more places of employment, questions 17.1-17.4 should refer to the place of employment which he/she considers the main.
[After responding to questions 17.1-17.4, skip question 18.]
17.3 Describe your position, functional duties or the work you have been doing, indicating major occupation (for example, drug-store manager, chemical engineer, chief economist, head of department, truck rider, car driver, seller at the market)
Please provide the detailed answer. ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Questions 17.1 -- 17.4 relate to the employment which is considered by the respondent as his/her main job.
If the respondent had more than one job, and finds difficult to determine the main one, it should be noted that the main job is the job where the respondent's work record card is kept, or the greatest number of hours is worked, or the highest income is earned;
33.17. In question 17.3. "Describe your position, functional duties or active job", the respondent should, as accurately as possible, describe his/her post or duties avoiding abbreviations. For example: "engineering foreman of railway car shed", "master of vocational training", "laboratory microbiologist", "chemistry analyst", "administrative assistant", "clerk of court", etc. or, if difficult to determine, he/she should describe the work performed, for example: "develop and implement software", "offer goods to buyers on phone", "repair motor-car engines", etc.

It should be noted that the respondent is to specify his/her position or duties directly performed at his job rather than his/her profession (qualification) obtained in training.

For individual entrepreneurs the enumerator should complete the names of their positions, for example: "sewer", "shoemaker", "photographer", etc., or the duties performed: "car wash", "painting of walls and ceilings, pasting of wallpaper", etc.

The answer "unskilled labourer" should be completed for respondents engaged in various unskilled works (other than agricultural works) and in other cases it is necessary to find out the nature of the work and enter, for example: "loader", "watchman", "cloakroom attendant", etc.;

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Benin 1979 — source variable BJ1979A_0415 — Occupation (2-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Economic Characteristics (for persons 10 years or older) (Only for ordinary households)
[Columns 13-16]

(14) Profession___

Indicate the current profession (type of work) if the interviewee is employed or
the last profession if he is unemployed.

For example:
- Agricultural worker
- Dactylographer
- Driver
- Grocer
- Wood sculptor
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic characteristics
The information classified under this broad rubric relates to the last 4 questions of the census.
The first set of information, column (13) "Type of activity" shall be asked to all persons of 10 or more years of age, without exception. This will allow classifying such persons either in the economically active population or the economically inactive population.
While the last 3 sets of information, columns (14), (15), and (16) shall only be asked to persons classified under the 2 types of activity: employed and unemployed. These sets of information provide more details on the population

Column (14): Profession
For "employed" persons, ask the following question: "What type of job have you had since the past month?" For the unemployed, ask what type of job he worked before becoming unemployed.
If need be, ask the person to describe his/her job. The census agent shall aim to obtain the maximum specificity (hierarchy etc.) because there exist many professions and thus vague responses would not be useful.
For persons with two or more professions, the census agent must only indicate the one that generates the most income.
[Example is not presented here]


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Benin 1992 — source variable BJ1992A_0421 — Occupation (2-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Persons of 10 years or more of age

[Questions in columns 17 - 21 were asked of persons age 10 or older.]

(19) Profession____

Ask the question according to the instruction manual. For persons younger than 10, this column is not applicable, write in 8 8 8 in the grid.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

II. How to fill out the questionnaire (Document RGPH 2 Number 1).

Columns (17) to (21): These columns are only for persons older than 10 i.e. born before February 1982.

Column (18): Occupation
For all questions related to occupation, the census agent shall refer to the 3-month period immediately preceding the interview.

Ask the following question to each person of 10 years or more of age: "Have you worked for at least one week in the last 3 months?"

The census agent shall then circle:

[] 1 The code 1. OCC (employed) for each person who has worked during this period.

Included in this category, are:
[] Persons working or having worked as independents,
[] Persons working or having worked for a compensation of any kind.
[] Persons working or having worked under the authority of the head of household with or without compensation.
Example: A child (of at least 10) guarding or having guarded cattle for his/her parents.
A woman who in addition to her household duties has worked independently or for her family (saleswoman, sewer, farmer, potter).
A woman or a man who does housekeeping for a salary. Example: houseboy, wet nurse.
[] 2 C: for persons seeking first employment.
[] 3 CHO: (unemployed) for every person without employment during the period of reference but who has worked before and is currently looking for a job.
Ask if this person has no activity allowing him/her to survive. If yes, he/she is employed.

[] 4 MEN (housewife): for women only working in the household and taking care of children without any monetary compensation.
[] 5 ETU: for elementary schoolchildren, middle and high school children, and students of higher education,
[] 6 RET: for retired persons,
[] 7 REN: for annuitants, i.e. persons possessing a personal fortune that allows them to live without having to work.

Note: a retired person or an annuitant who has helped a family member in his/her work or has performed another activity that generated him/her money shall be classified under the rubric of "OCC" i.e. employed. This is the case of retired persons who work in commerce or agriculture.

This question does not apply to those below 10 years of age during the census. The census agent must not note anything in this section for these persons.

Note: Apprentices are "employed"


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Benin 2002 — source variable BJ2002A_0425 — Occupation (3-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons
[Questions in columns 1 to 11 were asked of all persons]

Now we would like to ask for information on you and the persons habitually living in your household or currently residing in your home

Residents of 6 years or more of age
[Questions in columns 18 - 22 were asked of residents 6+ years old]

(20) Current Profession ____

What profession does or has had [the respondent]?
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

iv) Economic Characteristics
For all questions related to economic activity, the census agent shall refer to the 3-month periods preceding the interview.

Column (20): Current profession
For persons currently active, ask the following question: "What is the current activity that most occupies [the respondent]?"
For the unemployed, as the following question" "What was the last activity that most occupied [the respondent]?"
Report the current profession that most occupied the interviewed person as well as the fruit of this activity during the reference period on the line and leave the boxes empty.
Example: tailor, cotton or corn cultivator, cattle or sheep stockbreeder, car or motorcycle mechanic, physician, loincloth, donut, or cola seller, truck or taxi driver, etc.
Notes:

1) The current profession is not necessarily the profession learned. A carpenter of training could hold as current profession "drilling," or "roofer help."
2) For an unemployed person (CHO), this corresponds to the last profession held before the reference period.

Example

Loin cloth seller [female], donut seller [female]...
Police inspector, tax inspector...
Medical doctor, dentist...
Agronomic engineer, statistical engineer...
School professor, university professor...
Rice, corn, porridge sale preparation...
Wheat, corn, cassava, cotton, fruit, yam cultivator, etc.
Pork, sheep, cattle, poultry breeder, etc.
Sheep, beef meat seller, etc.
Avoid vague answers such as merchant, civil servant, inspector, doctor, businessman, etc.

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Benin 2013 — source variable BJ2013A_0428 — Occupation (3-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Residents of 6 years or more of age (questions 20 to 24)
[Questions 20-24 were asked of persons aged 6 years or older]

22. Current profession - What type of work has [the person] had for at least 7 days, continuously or otherwise, during the last 3 months? If [the person is] unemployed: What type of work has [the person] previously had prior to the last 3 months?

________
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

22. Current profession

Profession designates the type of work done by the employed person [or, in the case of an unemployed, the type of work done previously], regardless of the branch of economic activity or the occupation status of the person.
The type of work is described by the main tasks and attributions that are connected to it.

In the case of an employed person, ask:

Q: "What type of work have you/has [the respondent] effectuated during at least 7 days [continuous or not] in the last 3 months?"
In the case of an unemployed person, ask:
Q: "What type of work have you/has [the respondent] previously effectuated [before the last 3 months]?"
Write legibly, on the corresponding line, the declared profession.

Example: Loincloth saleswoman, donut salesman, pork breeder, school teacher, administrative secretary, data entry operator, zemidjan [Benin type of taxi] driver, university professor, physician, corn farmer, cotton farmer, road maintenance agent, etc.

NB:

[] 1. Current profession is no necessarily the learned job. A trained carpenter can be currently working as mason, assistant-mason, or taxi driver.
[] 2. For an unemployed, it should be the last profession exercised prior to the reference period.
[] 3. Avoid vague answers such as merchant, government employee, doctor, inspector, businessman, etc.

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Bolivia 1976 — source variable BO1976A_0413 — Occupation, 2 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic Information


Only for those 7 years of age and older


[Questions 13, 14 and 15 should be answered only by those who marked boxes 1, 2 or 3, per Question 12]

13. What was the principal occupation or job that you performed during the last week, or in your last job if unemployed?

[Question 13 was asked of persons aged 7 years and older who worked, did not work but had a job, or were unemployed, per Question 12.]

Write, for example: farmer, sugar cane cutter, retail vendor, mine worker, tailor, doctor, domestic servant, etc.

____ Occupation


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


C. Economic information

Questions 12, 13, 14 and 15 of Economic Information should be asked to all persons 7 years old or older.


Question 13. What is the principal occupation or job you worked last week or your last job if you were unemployed?

This question should only be asked to persons who answered 2 or 3 in question 12.

If the response that the informant gives is ambiguous or not very clear, request that they describe the job in detail and write down word for word what was said.

[p. 28]

Examples:

Incorrect annotation: Professor.
Correct annotation: High school professor, university professor, grade school professor, music professor.

Incorrect annotation: Craftsman.
Correct annotation: Carpenter, sawyer, blacksmith, potter.

Incorrect annotation: Mechanic.
Correct annotation: Automobile mechanic, precision mechanic, railroad mechanic, aviation mechanic, dental mechanic.

Incorrect annotation: Worker or day laborer.
Correct annotation: Bridge worker, construction worker, mine driller, car washer, vehicle washer.

Incorrect annotation: Vendor.
Correct annotation: Department store clerk, ticket vendor, life insurance agent, medical worker.




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Bolivia 1992 — source variable BO1992A_0430 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Only for those who marked one of the choices in part A in the previous question (15).
[Applies to questions 16-18.]


16. During the last week (or in your last job if unemployed), what was your principal occupation? Do not write worker or manual laborer without specifying more clearly. Write, for example: mining drill operator, automobile mechanic, grocery sales, potato grower, domestic employee, etc.

____ Specify occupation [a 3-digit blank box also appears in this item]


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 16. During the past week (or in your last job if the person is unemployed), what was your main occupation?

a. For purposes of the census, the main occupation is the one that generates the most income.

If the person worked during the week in question, or didn't work but had a job, you will record the occupation that the person being enumerated reports as the main one.

Clarification: You should record the main occupation and not the profession. Example: A doctor that is in charge of a hospital, you should record: Hospital Director.

b. If the person looked for work having worked previously, you will record the last main job that they had.

If the answer that the informant gives is unclear or questionable, ask them to describe in some detail the job that they currently perform. Examples of incorrect and correct ways of recording the occupations are given below.

Incorrect recording: Teacher
Correct recording: Pre-school teacher, teacher of girl technical school, primary or elementary school teacher, university professor

Incorrect recording: Farmer
Correct recording: Farmhand, shepherd, beekeeper, poultry farmer, unskilled farm or dairy worker

Incorrect recording: Miner
Correct recording: Miner of metal deposits, mine driller, mine smearer, gathers minerals extracted from a mine

[p. 45]

Incorrect recording: Administrator
Correct recording: Event administrator, leisure activities administrator, hospital administrator

Incorrect recording: Builder
Correct recording: Master builder, formwork builder, construction foreman, bricklayer, tile layer, stuccoer

Incorrect recording: Shoemaker
Correct recording: shoe sewer, shoe repairer, puts heels on shoes

Incorrect recording: Repairer
Correct recording: Sewing machine repairer, industrial machine repairer, telephone line repairer

Incorrect recording: Director
Correct recording: Artistic or orchestra director, director and manager in a wholesale business, director and manager in a service business, director of an educational establishment

Incorrect recording: Seller
Correct recording: Retail seller of groceries, wholesale seller of groceries, fare agent

Incorrect recording: Mechanic
Correct recording: Automotive mechanic, mechanic-repairer of industrial machinery, dental, optical, etc., technician, auto-body worker

Incorrect recording: Engineer
Correct recording: Civil engineer for clean-up projects, civil engineer for building construction, agricultural, industrial, chemical engineer, electrical systems engineer


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Bolivia 2001 — source variable BO2001A_0458 — Occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Chapter F. Only for persons seven years old or more.
[Questions 42-47 were asked of all persons seven years or older.]


45. During the past week, what was your main occupation?

[Question 45 was asked of persons aged 7 years and older who worked or were engaged in any productive activity during the week prior to enumeration, per Questions 42 and 43.]

_____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Chapter F. Only for persons 7 years of age and older

If the person is 7 year of age or older, question 42 is presented. If younger than 7 years of age, the interview is ended and the next person is interviewed.


Question 45. During the last week, what was your principal occupation?

This question is an open question in which the principal occupation is written in the boxes with the most detail possible.

For example:

Small barley farmer.

If the person has two occupations to which the same amount of working time is dedicated, the occupation that the interviewed person considers to be principal is recorded. The most important characteristic is that the person recognizes it as his principal occupation.

The following is a list of some occupations in [Bolivia] and the correct manner to record them:

[The chart of occupations is not translated into English.]


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Botswana 1981 — source variable BW1981A_0414 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

(Questions 13 through 14 were asked of all present residents, persons aged 12 years and over)

14. What type of work did (the person) do?

_________
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column [P14] occupation
Occupation means the work a person does. You should obtain as clearly as possible the kind of work the person was doing during the month before the census. If the person uses vague answers such as 'Civil Servant', 'Businessman', or 'Laborer', ask further questions to discover exactly what he did, then write down the occupation in the space provided. If the person moved from job to job you should enter the most recent occupation even if it only lasted for a day or two. This may happen with people who are casual laborers. If a person has two or more occupations enter the one on which he spends most time.

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Botswana 1991 — source variable BW1991A_0457 — Occupation (last 30 days)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section A

(12 years and over)

12. During the past 30 days did [the respondent] work for cash?

[] 1 Yes for someone else (Go to Q. 14)
[] 2 Yes, for self (Go to Q. 14)
[] 3 No (Go to Q. 13)

13. Then what did [the person] do during the last 30 days?

[] 1 Family business
[] 2 Work at lands/farms/cattle post
[For responses 1 or 2,] go to Q.14
[] 3 Actively seeking work
[] 4 Housework
[] 5 Student
[] 6 Retired
[] 7 Other (specify)
[For responses 3 to 6,] go to Q.16 if female, else go to next person

14. Occupation

What type of work did [the person] do? (Probe as necessary) ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column A14: Occupation

What type of work did [the respondent] do?

A person's occupation depends on the tasks and duties which the person performs. Remember that if a person worked at all during the past 30 days, whether for cash or not, and for however short a period, then you should try to find out what kind of work the person did. You should try to get the respondent to give both a job title and a two- or three-word description of the tasks performed. For example, if a person states that he is a mechanic, ask him what he repairs. You might record his response (in the unshaded area of column A14) as follows: "mechanic, fixes cars 11 or "mechanic, fixes radios". If you need more space use the block which says "Probe as necessary" at the top of column A14. You may also use the comments block.

If a person moved from job to job you should enter the most recent occupation even if it only lasted for a day or two. This may happen with people who are casual labourers.

If a person has more than one occupation, record the one on which he/she spends the most time. However, if someone has a temporary job during the school holidays - but has a permanent job during term time, it is their permanent occupation that should be described. A census enumerator or supervisor who is a school teacher during term time must therefore be described as "Primary School Teacher" or "Secondary School Teacher".

Probing for Better Occupational Information: You will usually have to probe the respondent to get good information about a person's occupation. For example, people who make things (bread, clothing, pottery, wood objects, tools, beer, food products, furniture, bricks, etc.) should be asked how they make them. It is important to find out whether they mostly use their hands or hand-held
[p.30]
tools, or whether they mostly produce these goods by operating machinery. A person who brews beer at home using traditional techniques belongs to a different occupational category than a person who operates a machine which ferments the grains used in making beer.

You should also probe when the information provided by the respondent does not seem reasonable. For example, if a person has only completed Form 4, it seems unlikely that he or she could be an auditor or an engineer. If you probe, you may discover that the person is actually an accounting clerk or an engineering assistant. Specific examples of how to probe for better occupational information are given on page 31.

In the sample questionnaire on page 26, the head of household works as a labourer in a mine, so "mine labourer" is written in the unshaded area under column A14. Anne, although she did not work for cash payment, did work in the lands as a farmer. The enumerator probed and found out that she was growing melons for family consumption. The response is recorded as "farmer" in the unshaded area under column A14, and the information obtained by further probing is recorded in the large block above as "grew melons for family consumption". The question does not apply to Mimi or to Molelo because they are under 12 years old, and it does not apply to Anthony because he is a student. Dashes are entered for them. David, who is self-employed, is a taxi driver, and that information is recorded in the unshaded area of column A14. Thembe has retired, so the question does not apply to her (a dash is entered).

[p.31]

Specific examples of how to probe for better occupational information:

[Column headings:]
(A) Response
(B) Suggested probing questions

(A) Builder
(B) Does [the respondent] build using mostly traditional materials and techniques?

(A) Brewer
(B) Where and how does [the respondent] make the beer? (at home or elsewhere using traditional techniques, in a commercial brewery using machines)

(A) Carpenter
(B) What kinds of things does [the respondent] make or build? (furniture, door and window frames, wood frames for houses, etc.)

(A) Cleaner
(B) What does [the respondent] clean? (streets, houses, offices, shoes, clothes)

(A) Clerk
(B) Does [the respondent] work in an office mostly or does [the respondent] mostly deal with customers? What kind of clerk is [the respondent]? (stock, production, accounting, bookkeeping, statistical, finance, transport, library, filing, mail sorting, coding)

(A) Driver
(B) What does [the respondent] drive? (car, taxi, bus, van, combi, lorry, truck, tractor, bulldozer, excavator, grader, scraper, compactor)

(A) Electrician
(B) What kinds of things does [the respondent] repair? (cars, electrical wires in buildings, electrical power lines, electrical equipment or appliances, electrical machinery)

(A) Engineer
(B) Does [the respondent] have a college degree in engineering? What kind of engineer is [the respondent]? (chemical, civil, construction, electrical, electronic, telecommunications, mechanical, mining)

(A) Farmer
(B) Does [the respondent] produce mostly animals or crops? What kind of animals does [the respondent] raise? (livestock, poultry, other) Does [the respondent] raise the animals (or grow the crops) mostly to sell them or for family consumption?

(A) Foreman supervisor
(B) What kinds of workers does [the respondent] supervise? Does [the respondent] help those he or she supervises to do the work? If so, what kind of work is it?

(A) Gardener
(B) In what kind of garden does [the respondent] work? (private home, commercial farm, commercial nursery) Are the things grown in the garden mostly consumed by the household or sold?

(A) Labourer
(B) Where does [the respondent] work as a labourer? (construction site, mine, factory, shop, shipping company, railroad, airport, farm, forest)

(A) Machine operator
(B) What kind of machine does [the respondent] operate?

(A) Manager
(B) In what kind of organisation is [the respondent] a manager? (government, humanitarian organisation, hospital, retail shop, compru1y, factory, bank, etc.) Does [the respondent] manage a whole company or a department in the company? What department does [the respondent] manage? (production, operations, other)

(A) Mechanic
(B) What does [the respondent] fix? (cars, refrigerators, air conditioners, other machines or equipment)

(A) Painter
(B) What does [the respondent] paint? (buildings, ceramics, artistic pah1tings, wood, cars, metal, interior walls)

(A) Salesperson
(B) What does [the respondent] sell? Where does [the respondent] sell? (shop, kiosk, market, street, from home)

(A) Scientist
(B) What kind of scientist is [the respondent]? (chemist, biologist, geologist, meteorologist, pharmacologist, botanist, zoologist, pathologist, agronomist)

(A) Security guard
(B) By whom is [the respondent] employed? (security firm, company, government, office, private individual, shop)

(A) Seller
(B) What does [the respondent] sell? Where does [the respondent] sell? (shop, kiosk, market stall, street, from home)

(A) Teacher
(B) At what level does [the respondent] teach? (pre-primary, primary, secondary, college, university, brigades, trade school, commercial school, computer academy)

(A) Technician
(B) What kind of technician is [the respondent]? (health, engineering, physical science, life science, computer, agronomy, forestry, veterinary)


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Botswana 2001 — source variable BW2001A_0424 — Occupation in the past 7 days, 3 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

All persons 12 years and over
[Questions A16-A26]

A25. (Occupation) What type of work did [the person] do in the past 7 days?

____

(Probe as necessary, use two or more words to describe the occupation)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

109b. Column A16-A26: These questions apply only to persons aged 12 years and more. If the person is under 12 years of age, then when you reach column A16 you should put dashes in the shaded areas for columns A16 -- A32 and proceed to the next listed person in the household.

114. Column A24: Occupation

Q: What type of work did [the person] do in the past 7 days?

A person's occupation depends on the tasks and duties, which the person performs. Remember that if a person worked at all during the past 7 days, whether for cash or not, and for however short a period, then you should try to find out what kind of work the person did. You should try to get the respondent to give both a job title and a two- or three-word description of the tasks performed. For example, if a person states that he is a mechanic, ask him what he repairs. You should record his response in the unshaded area of column A24 as follows: "mechanic, fixes cars" or "mechanic, fixes radios". Use the comments box if you need more space.

If a person moved from job to job you should enter the most recent occupation even if it only lasted for a day or two. This may happen with people who are casual labourers.

If a person has more than one occupation, record the one on which he spends the most time. However, if someone has a temporary job during the school holidays - but has a permanent job during term time, it is his permanent occupation that should be described. A census enumerator or supervisor who is a schoolteacher during term time must therefore be described as "primary school teacher" or "secondary school teacher".

Probing for better occupational information: You will usually have to probe the respondent to get good information about a person's occupation. For example, people who make things (bread, clothing, pottery, wood objects, tools, beer, food products, furniture, bricks, etc.) should be asked how they make them. It is important to find out whether they mostly use their hands or hand-held tools, or whether they mostly produce these goods by operating machinery. A person who brews beer at home using traditional techniques belongs to a different occupational category from a person who operates a machine that ferments the grains used in making beer. (See probing examples below).

You should also probe when the information provided by the respondent does not seem reasonable. For example, if a person has only completed Form 4, it seems unlikely that he or she could be an auditor or an engineer. If you probe, you may discover that the person is actually an accounting clerk or an engineering assistant.

[Table in P. 37-41 of the original document which provides specific examples of how to probe for better occupational information and response suggested probing questions is omitted here]


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Botswana 2011 — source variable BW2011A_0444 — Occupation, 3-digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

A. Person Information

Economic activity

Occupation
23. What type of work did [the respondent] do in the past 7 days? To be precise, what were the main tasks and duties?

________ [probe as necessary, use two or more words to describe the occupation]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

All Persons Aged 12 years and over

145. Column A18-A25
These questions apply only to persons aged 12 and years and over. If the person is less than 12 years of age, then when you reach column A16 you should put dashes in the shaded areas for columns A16-A31 and proceed to the next listed person in the household.

152. Column A24: Occupation
Q. What type of work did the respondent do in the past 7 days?
A person's occupation depends on the tasks and duties, which the person performs. Remember that if a person worked at all during the past 7 days, whether for cash or not, and for however short a period, then you should try to find out what kind of work the person did. You should try to get the respondent to give both a job title and a two- or three-word description of the tasks performed. For example, if a person states that he/she is a mechanic, ask him/her what he/she repairs.

You should record his/her response in the unshaded area of column A24 as follows: "mechanic fixes cars" or "mechanic, fixes radios". Use the comments box if you need more space. If a person moved from one job to another, you should enter the most recent occupation even if it only lasted for a day or two. This may happen with people who are casual laborers. If a person has more than one occupation, record the one on which he/she spends most of his/her time. However, if someone has a temporary job during the school holidays - but has a permanent job during term time-it is his/her permanent occupation that should be described. A census enumerator or supervisor who is a schoolteacher during term time must therefore be described as "primary school teacher" or "secondary school teacher".

You will usually have to probe the respondent to get good information about a person's occupation. For example, people who make things (bread, clothing, pottery, wood objects, tools, beer, food products, furniture, bricks, etc.) should be asked how they make them. It is important to find out whether they mostly use their hands or hand-held tools, or whether they mostly produce these goods by operating machinery. A person who brews beer at home using traditional techniques belongs to a different occupational category from a person who operates a machine that ferments the grains used in making beer. (See probing examples below). You should also probe when the information provided by the respondent does not seem reasonable. For example, if a person has only completed Form 4, it seems unlikely that he/she could be an auditor or an engineer. If you probe, you may discover that the person is actually an accounting clerk or an engineering assistant.

[Table omitted]


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Brazil 1960 — source variable BR1960A_0423 — Usual occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Only for people who worked in the year prior to the census date
[Applies to questions V - Z]


V. Occupation, profession, office, duty, function, etc, that was exercised for the longest time in the year before the census date (see codes; only write the name of the occupation if you don't find it in Code List 3)

____
____ Code list 3


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


The following questions will only be asked of those persons who worked during the year preceding the date of the census
(September 1, 1959, to August 31, 1960)

[Applies to questions V - Z]


Question V - Occupation, profession, position, function, etc. which the respondent exercised for the longest time during the year preceding the date of the Census

This question has the objective of investigating the occupation that the respondent habitually exercises, habitual occupation being understood as that in which the respondent was occupied during most of the year.
In most cases, the habitual occupation coincides with that exercised on the date of the Census.
It may happen, however, that on the date of the Census the person is exercising an occupation different than his or her habitual occupation. In this case, the following will be recorded:

a) the habitual occupation, when carrying out temporary work, as is the case, for example, with farm workers who, on the date of the Census, were temporarily working at sugar mills, processing machinery, brick factories, etc., but who concluded this industrial work and, upon termination of same, will return to their habitual farming occupations which they exercise during most of the year;
b) the occupation exercised on the date of the Census, when such occupation is permanent in nature, such as farm workers who move to cities where they exercise industrial, commercial or other occupations of a permanent nature.


One should not confuse habitual occupation with professional specialization. For example, a bank manager or a high-school teacher who is a trained physician or lawyer will declare his or her habitual occupation, and not the profession in which he or she is licensed and/or trained (physician or lawyer). Vague and generic expressions should be avoided (farm worker, assistant, commercial worker, teacher, bank worker, government employee, factory worker, worker, domestic help, liberal professional, military man). Specific designations should rather be used, such as: foreman, field hand, cowboy, office assistant, statistical assistant, salesperson, cashier, traveling salesman, primary teacher, high-school teacher, college teacher, office boy, administrative official, scribe, accountant, chemist, economist, engineer, hackler (flax comber), welder, boilersmith, overseer, carpenter, hod carrier, cook, nanny, physician, lawyer, priest, captain, etc.

[p. 37]

If the person habitually exercises a remunerated activity, and on the date of the Census, is unemployed, on leave or vacation, or even in jail awaiting sentence, he or she should state his or her habitual occupation. A person who exercises two or more economic occupations concurrently should indicate that which occupies most of his or her time.
When obtaining the respondent's declaration, the enumerator will consult the list of codes found on the left-hand side of the questionnaire (Code 3 for Question V), and will record the code corresponding to the habitual occupation. The enumerator should write out the information in full only if the declaration and respective code are not shown on the list.


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Brazil 1970 — source variable BR1970A_0422 — Principal occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Only for people who worked in the 12 months prior to the census date (Sept-1-1969 through Aug-31-1970) or who are seeking work (response 7 in #22)
[Applies to questions 23 - 28]


23. Occupation, profession, task, function, etc, that was exercised for the longest time

____ Code


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 23 - Occupation, profession, position, function, etc. that the person has exercised for the longest time

(Only for persons age 10 or over who worked during the twelve months prior to the date of the Census - 9/1/1969 to 8/31/1970 - or are looking for work for the 1st time)

Record:

a) the usual occupation, that is, that in which the respondent was occupied during most of the year, even if, on the date of the Census, he or she is unemployed, on vacation, prisoner awaiting judgment, or doing temporary work, as is common among farm workers who, at certain times of the year, work in sugar plants, processing machines, etc.

One should not confuse habitual occupation with professional specialization. For example, a bank manager or a high-school teacher who is a trained physician or lawyer will declare his or her habitual occupation, and not the profession in which he or she is licensed and/or trained (physician or lawyer).

Vague and generic expressions should not be accepted, such as Farm Worker, Assistant, Commercial Worker, Teacher, Bank Worker, Government Employee, Factory Worker, Worker, Domestic Help, Liberal Professional, or Military Man to identify occupations. The correct recording would be: Foreman, Field Hand, Cowboy, Office Assistant, Statistical Assistant, Salesperson, Cashier, Traveling Salesman, Primary Teacher, High-school Teacher, College Teacher, Office Boy, Administrative Official, Scribe, Accountant, Chemist, Economist, Engineer, Hackler (Flax Comber), Welder, Boilersmith, Overseer, Carpenter, Hod Carrier, Cook, Nanny, Physician, Lawyer, Priest, Captain, etc.

b) the occupation exercised on the date of the Census, when the new occupation, different from the usual, has been taken up as definitive;


[p. 44]

c) first time, when the person is looking for work for the 1st time.

Respondents who exercise two or more economic occupations concurrently should indicate that which occupies most of their time.



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Brazil 1980 — source variable BR1980A_0431 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


The following questions are to be filled out only for the person 10 years or older
[Applies to questions 25 -49]


30. Occupation, profession, task, function, etc, that was exercised for the longest time
(If changed occupations definitively note current occupation)

_ _ _ Code


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


The following questions will only be filled out for persons age 10 or over, that is, those born before September 1, 1970.

[Applies to questions 25-49]


Question 30 - What occupation, profession, position, function, etc. the person regularly exercised during the last 12 months

This entry will be for the usual occupation that the enumerated person exercised between 9/1/1979 and 8/31/1980.
Usual occupation is considered that exercised during most of the referred period.
When a person has changed occupations and intends this change to be permanent, the occupation he or she exercised last will be recorded, regardless of the time spent on each during this period. Included in this case are persons who changed occupations or functions due to promotion or change in career, such as:

1st case - a farm worker who immigrated to the city and went to work as a Hod Carrier in the construction of a building;
2nd case - a billing Clerk in an industrial company who was promoted to Accounting Technician;
3rd case - an office helper at a bank who was promoted to the position of Cashier.


When the person has changed occupations, but the change is transitory due to circumstantial or seasonal factors, the usual occupation will be entered and not the transitory occupation, such as:

1st case - for a farm worker who, during the time between planting and harvesting, worked in a village as a stone mason, woodcutter, etc., record, as the case may be, Hoe worker, Cotton picker, etc.;
2nd case - for a farm worker who sometimes works with a machine at a sugar plant, etc., the occupation of farm worker will be recorded;
3rd case - for a driver who, unable to work in his or her profession, is exercising some other occupation until he is again able to work as a driver, the occupation of Driver will be recorded;
4th case - for a specialized worker who, when unable to find a placement in his or her profession, is exercising another occupation, Welder, Cabinet maker, Weaver, etc. will be recorded, as the case may be.

When the person simultaneously exercises different occupations, the main occupation should be recorded.
Main occupation is considered that which occupies the greatest number of the person's hours per week or, if this number is the same, that which provides the highest income, such as:


For persons on vacation or on leave, even if they were exercising another occupation, the usual occupation will be recorded and not that exercised temporarily during vacation or leave.
Occupation should not be confused with professional specialization. For example, for a commercial director with a degree in economics, or a high school teacher with a degree in medicine, the entries will be, respectively: Commercial director and High school teacher.
Vague or generic answers which do not correctly characterize the person's occupation should not be recorded.
Some examples are given below:

Incorrect entry: Agent
Correct entry: Railroad station agent, travel agent, advertising agent, etc.

Incorrect entry: Assistant
Correct entry: Office assistant, kitchen assistant, stock assistant, etc.

Incorrect entry: Bank worker
Correct entry: Bank cashier, file clerk, accountant, etc.

Incorrect entry: Commercial worker
Correct entry: Shop attendant, invoice clerk, merchandise placer, etc.

Incorrect entry: Government employee
Correct entry: Attendant, administrative official, stock clerk, etc.

Incorrect entry: Mechanic
Correct entry: Automobile mechanic, mechanic for calculators, aircraft mechanic, etc.

Incorrect entry: Factory worker
Correct entry: Carpenter, welder, hod carrier, etc.

Incorrect entry: Teacher
Correct entry: Primary teacher [Grades 1-8], high school teacher [grades 9-11], university teacher or professor, gym teacher, etc.

Incorrect entry: Farm worker
Correct entry: Hoe worker, cotton picker, sugar cane cutter, etc.

For employees and for persons who are self-employed or without remuneration, the occupation, profession, position, function, etc., which they exercised, will be recorded.
If the person is engaged in farming, either individually or only with the help of a resident of the household who is not paid for the work, record respectively Field hand or Animal raiser.
If the person has a commercial establishment, individually or only with the help of a non-remunerated person, record Commercial businessman.
Liberal professionals (Doctors, Dentists, Lawyers, Engineers, etc.), who employ up to 2 attendants or nurses in their offices should record their profession.

[p.54]

For Employers (partners or tenants) who are owners of establishments, firms or companies where they work (condition of being owner and employer), the entry should indicate this condition, such as Ranch owner, Chicken-farm owner, Owner of industry, Store owner, Barbershop owner, Clinic owner, Transportation company owner, etc
Below are some examples to better clarify these situations:

Situation: Barber, barbershop employee
Correct entry: Barber

Situation: Barber, barbershop owner, working only with the help of a non-remunerated son or daughter
Correct entry: Barber

Situation: Barber, working with his father without receiving remuneration
Correct entry: Barber

Situation: Barber, owner of a barbershop, working with the help of employees
Correct entry: Barbershop owner


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Brazil 1991 — source variable BR1991A_0449 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


46. Occupation, profession, task, function, etc., that was exercised for the longest time. (If changed occupations definitively note current occupation)
____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 46 - What occupation, profession, position, function, etc. the person regularly exercised during the last 12 months or during part them

This entry will be for the usual occupation that the enumerated person exercised between 9/1/1989 and 8/31/1990.

Usual occupation is considered that exercised during most of the referred period.

When a person has changed occupations and intends this change to be permanent, the occupation he or she exercised last will be recorded, regardless of the time spent on each during this period. Included in this case are persons who changed occupations or functions due to promotion or change in career, such as:

1st case - A farm worker who emigrated to the city and went to work as a hod carrier in the construction of a building;
2nd case - A billing clerk in an industrial company who was promoted to Accounting Technician;
3rd case - An office helper at a bank who was promoted to the position of cashier.


When the person has changed occupations, but the change is transitory due to circumstantial or seasonal factors, [p. 76] the usual occupation will be entered and not the transitory occupation, such as:

1st case - For a farm worker who, during the time between planting and harvesting, worked in a village as a stone mason, woodcutter, etc., record, as the case may be, Hoe worker, Cotton picker, etc.;
2nd case - For a farm worker who, during certain periods, works at a machine at a sugar plant, etc., the occupation of farm worker will be recorded;
3rd case - For a driver who, unable to work in his profession, is exercising some other occupation until he is again able to work as a driver, the occupation of Driver will be recorded;
4th case - For a specialized worker who, when unable to find a placement in his or her profession, is exercising another occupation, will be recorded, as the case may be: Welder, Cabinet maker, Weaver, etc.

When the person simultaneously exercises different occupations, the main occupation should be recorded.

Main occupation is considered that which occupies the greatest number of the person's hours per week or, if this number is the same, that which provides the highest income, such as:

[Type] /Occupation / Hours / Income Cr$

Main / Teacher / 24 / 1,200.00
Secondary / Doctor / 12 / 3,000.00
Main / Journalist / 21 / 4,000.00
Secondary / Lawyer / 21 / 2,000.00

For persons on vacation or on leave, even if they were exercising another occupation, the usual occupation will be recorded and not that exercised temporarily during vacation or leave.

Occupation should not be confused with professional specialization. For example, for a commercial director with a degree in economics, or a high school teacher with a degree in medicine, the entries will be, respectively: Commercial director and High school teacher.

[p. 77]

Vague or generic answers which do not correctly characterize the person's occupation must not be recorded.

[List of examples on page 77 was not translated into English]

For employees and for persons who are Self-employed or without remuneration, the occupation, profession, position, function, etc., which they exercised, will be recorded.

If the person is engaged in farming, either individually or only with the help of a resident of the household who [p. 78] is not paid for the work, record respectively Field hand or Animal raiser.

If the person has a commercial establishment, individually or only with the help of a non-remunerated person, record Commercial businessman.

Liberal professionals (Doctors, Dentists, Lawyers, Engineers, etc.), who employ up to 2 attendants or nurses in their offices should record their profession.

For Employers (partners or tenants) who are owners of establishments, firms or companies where they work (condition of being owner and employer), the entry should indicate this condition, such as Ranch owner, Chicken-farm owner, Owner of industry, Store owner, Barbershop owner, Clinic owner, Transportation company owner, etc.

Below are some examples to better clarify these situations:

Situation: Barbershop employee
Correct entry: Barber

Situation: Barber, barbershop owner, working only with the help of a non-remunerated son or daughter
Correct entry: Barber

Situation: Barber, working with his father without receiving remuneration
Correct entry: Barber

Situation: Barber, barbershop owner working with the help of employees
Correct entry: Barbershop owner



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Brazil 2000 — source variable BR2000A_0499 — Occupation, 4 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons 10 years old or older (born until July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

Attention: Criteria for defining the week's principal job:

1.- Most hours usually worked during the week;
2.- Work that takes up the most time; and
3.- Highest monthly income
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


For persons age 10 or over (born on or before July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]


Question 4.45 - What occupation did you exercise in your main work during the week of July 23 to 29, 2000?

Occupation is understood as the function, position, profession or trade performed by a person in an activity economic.

For persons who permanently replaced the work they had with another during the week of reference, consider the information related to the more recent work.

Do not confuse occupation with specialization or professional training. Therefore:

  • a person trained in mathematics who is administering a public school will have public school principal as occupation; and
  • a person trained in psychology who is exercising the function of a teller at a bank will have bank teller as occupation.


[pg. 123]

It is essential that the record of the occupation clearly express the work exercised by the person. Therefore, generic entries should be avoided, such as:

  • Teacher is a generic entry. The correct entry would be dancing teacher, primary school teacher, junior high school teacher, senior high school teacher, university professor;
  • Salesman is a generic entry. The correct entry would be company salesman, candy peddler, street market vendor, shop salesperson; and
  • Painter is also a generic entry. The correct entry would be wall painter, automobile painter, or landscape painter.



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Brazil 2010 — source variable BR2010A_0456 — Occupation held from July 25 to July 31, 2010
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


6. Resident characteristics


Work and earnings
For persons aged 10 years or older
[Questions 6.41 to 6.59 were asked for persons 10 years of age or older.]


[Questions 6.45 to 6.53 were asked for persons who reported working for pay, being temporarily away from a paid job, or helping another member of the household with a paid job during the reference week.]


Questions 6.46 to 6.49 should refer to the single or main job that the person had during the reference week.


6.46 What was your occupation in the job? ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Work and Income
For residents 10 years of age or older


Questions 6.46 to 6.48 refer to the main or only work that the person had on the week in reference.


6.46 - What was the main duty your work required?

This question investigates the main duty a person had in a single job or main job during the week in reference.
The main duty that a work requires is the occupation, position, profession or activity that the person exercises.

If the person was temporarily away from paid work on the week in reference, the record must refer to the occupation that the person exercised regularly.

Some aspects should be considered to record the main duty:

a) The main duty should not be confused with professional training.


[page 246]

Examples:

  • A person trained in economics must be recorded as the manager of sales department, provided that it is the main duty he/she has at work,
  • A person trained in medicine should be recorded as a professor of higher education, provided that it is the main duty he/she has at work.


b) The main duty should not be confused with the professional category.

[Table with examples of professional categories and main duties, omitted]

c) Army, Navy, Air Force, Military Police and Firefighters must be registered by their rank (soldier, corporal, lieutenant colonel, general, etc.) and the military branch in which they work, regardless of their professional qualifications.


[page 247]

Examples:

  • A Military Police captain worked in the military as a doctor. This person must be registered as captain of the Military Police, and
  • A colonel in the Air Force worked as a pilot. This person must be registered as a colonel in the Air Force.


d) Heads and upper positions of government must be registered by name or position according to their work, regardless of their professional training.


One should be careful to adequately describe specific occupations in this group, in case that you record jobs with one word or in short form, as it can be confused with another occupational level.

Some examples of complete records are: state legislator, president of public policy, military, national consul, municipal secretary, diplomat, secretary of State, minister of State, etc.

For people employed in the public sector (federal, state or local) and that, during the reference period, were transferred to another sector, the record of occupation and activity will be the sector of origin. However, if the person was occupying a commissioned position, the record of occupation and activity will be the sector in which the person was transferred.

The occupation must be specifically recorded to enable accurate identification. Records such as a mechanic, (...)

[page 248]

(…) analyst, consultant, marketing, worker, operator, assistant, helper, machine operator, general assistant are generic and vague descriptions, since it is impossible to classify the person's occupation.

[Table with examples of general and specific categories, omitted]

[page 249]

Attention!
If a resident gives you a generic description, ask about the specific job he/she does. It is important that you record the job correctly.

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Burkina Faso 1985 — source variable BF1985A_0409 — Principal occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Residents 10 years of age and older
[Questions 9-15 were asked for residents age 10 and older.]


Economic activity


12. Principal occupation ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Attention: Columns 12 to 15 only apply to those persons employed or unemployed but looking for employment (OCC and CHO). In each case, they should describe their last job. For the other categories (QUE, POF, ETU, RET, INV, AUT), record a dash in these columns.


Column twelve - principal occupation:

- For an employed person, the principal occupation corresponds to the type of work actually performed during the reference period to which the person dedicated the most of their time.

- For people unemployed but looking for a job, we will consider their last job worked as their principal occupation (this applies to those who have previously been employed). It is concerned with the profession performed by the person being counted, not their rank, function or the job they were trained to do.

[p. 32]

Notes:

If the person being interviewed is a government worker, it is necessary to probe the person in order to obtain a detailed description of the work they perform.

- Ask the following question: "What do you do for a living?" Then record the principal occupation with as much precision as possible.


Attention: In rural areas, the principal occupation is that performed during the rainy season.


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Burkina Faso 1996 — source variable BF1996A_0421 — Principal occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Residents age 10 years or older:
[Questions P18 to P22 were asked for persons 10 years of age or older who were household residents.]


Principal occupation:
P19. What is the occupation at which [person] spent the most time over the last seven days?

Write in clearly in the column.

____



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Cambodia 1998 — source variable KH1998A_0416 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

15 Main Activity (Enter Code from list below)
Main activity during last year

Codes for Column 15 Main Activity During Last Year
1 Employed (Fill in Cols. 16 to 20)
2 Unemployed (Employed any time before - Fill in Cols. 16 to 20 for last employment)
3 Unemployed (Never employed any time before)
Inactive
4 Homemaker
5 Student
6 Dependent
7 Rent-receiver, retired or other income recipient
8 ___ Other (Specify)
(For codes 3 to 8, put dash ( - ) in Cols. 16 to 20)]


___ 17 Occupation (Name of Occupation)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns 15 to 20 on Economic Characteristics of Population

97. These columns relate to the economic characteristics of population both male and female. Information proposed to be collected on economic characteristics of population includes information on economically active and economically not active population. Economically active population includes those who are employed and unemployed. Economically inactive population includes home makers; full time students; dependents; rent-receivers, retired people and other categories of income recipients; and others who are neither employed nor unemployed and also do not come under any of the inactive categories mentioned. The reference period for this is the last one year.


Columns 16 to 20

99. Information in these Columns should be filled-in only for a person who is employed (Code 1 in Column 15) or unemployed (employed before) i.e. Code 2 in Column 15. For unemployed (not employed before) i.e. Code 3 in Column 15 and inactive population i.e. any Code from 4 to 8 in Column 15, no information can be furnished in Columns 16 to 20 and hence enter dash (--) in each of these Columns for these persons. Following are the instructions for filling-in Columns 16 to 20 for a person for whom Code 1 or 2 is given in Column 15. The information to be filled-in will relate to employment details of the employed person (Code 1 in Column 15). In the case of unemployed (employed before) i.e. Code 2 in Column 15, the information to be filled-in will relate to last employment held by that person.


Column 17: Occupation

101. Occupation refers to the name of the job the person did (e.g. cashier, primary school teacher, nurse, blacksmith, watchman, manager etc.).

101.1 You must write the occupation of a person as clearly and as fully as possible. You should not write only "staff member". Probe further to find out whether he/ she was a clerk, statistician, data entry operator etc. Do not write "Casual Laborer" which is rather vague. Find out whether he / she was a construction worker, hand-loom weaver etc. If a person says that he/ she has been doing two or three jobs, find out the job he / she was doing mostly and record the same.


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Cambodia 2004 — source variable KH2004A_0419 — Occupation (1-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Form B: Household questionnaire Part 2

[20] Occupation ____ _ _ _

[Question 20 asked of persons who responded codes 1 and 2 in question 18.]

Name of occupation
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

75. Columns 18 to 23
Information in these Columns should be filled-in only for a person who is employed (Code 1 in Column 18) or unemployed (employed before) i.e. Code 2 in Column 18. For unemployed (not employed before) i.e. Code 3 in Column 18 and inactive population i.e. any Code 4 from 4 to 8 in Column 18, no information can be furnished in Column 18 to 23 and hence enter dash (-) in each of these Columns for these persons. Following are the instructions for filling-in Column 18 to 23 for a person for whom Code 1 or 2 is given in Column 18. The information to be filled-in will relate to employment details of the employed person (Code 1 in Column 18). In the case of unemployed (employed before) i.e. Code 2 in Column 18, the information to be filled-in will relate to last employment held by that person.

77. Column 20: Occupation
Occupation refers to the name of the job the person did (e.g. cashier, primary school teacher, nurse, blacksmith, watchman, manager etc.)

77.1 You must write the occupation of a person as clearly and as fully as possible. You should not write only "staff member". Probe further to find out whether he/ she was a clerk, statistician, data entry operator etc. Do not write "Casual Laborer" which is rather vague. Find out whether he/ she was a construction worker, hand-loom weaver etc. If a person says that he/ she has been doing two or three jobs, find out the job he/ she was doing mostly (i.e. most time) and record the same.


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Cambodia 2008 — source variable KH2008A_0421 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

18. Occupation (name of occupation) ____
[Question 18 was asked of persons who have ever worked, as per question 16.]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns 16 to 21 on Economic Characteristics of Population

98. These columns relate to the economic characteristics of population both male and female. Information proposed to be collected on economic characteristics of population include information on economically active
[p.37]
and economically not active population. The economically active population includes those who are employed and unemployed. The economically inactive population includes those who are mainly home makers, full-time students, dependents, rent-receivers, retired people and other categories of income recipients; and others who are neither employed or unemployed and also do not come under any of the inactive categories mentioned. The reference period for this is the one year or 12 months before the census night, that is from 4 March 2007 to 3 March 2008. This is also referred to as last year or last one year in this instruction manual.


Columns 17 to 21

100. Information in these Columns should be filled in only for a person who is employed (Code 1 in Column 16) or unemployed (employed before) (Code 2 in Column 16). For unemployed (not employed before) (Code 3 in Column 16) and mainly inactive population (any Code from 4 to 8 in Column 16), no information can be furnished in Columns 17 to 21 and hence enter dash (-) in each of these Columns for these persons. The following are the instructions for filling in Columns 17 to 21 for a person for whom Code 1 or 2 is given in Column 16. The information to be filled in will relate to employment details of the employed person (Code 1 in Column 16). In the case of unemployed (employed before) (Code 2 in Column 16), the information to be filled in will relate to last employment held by that person.


Column 18: Occupation

102. Occupation refers to the name of the job the person did (e.g. cashier, primary school teacher, nurse, blacksmith, watchman, manager, etc.).

102.1 You must write the occupation of a person as clearly and as fully as possible. You should not write only "staff member". Probe further to find out whether he/she was a clerk, statistician, data entry operator, etc. Do not write "Casual Laborer" which is rather vague. Find out whether he/she was a construction worker, loader, hand-loom weaver etc. If a person says that he/she has been doing two or three jobs, find out the job he/she was doing mostly and record this.


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Cambodia 2013 — source variable KH2013A_0433 — Occupation (1-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons
[Questions 10 to 25 were asked of all persons]

[Question 20 to 24 were asked of persons who have ever worked, as per question 19]

21. Occupation ____ _ _ _

Name of occupation
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

72. Column 19 to 25 on economic characteristics of population

These questions should be asked of all persons irrespective of age. These columns relate to the economic characteristics of population, both male and female. Information is proposed to be collected on economic characteristics of population. Economically active population includes those who are employed and unemployed (including those available for work or seeking work). Economically inactive population includes home makers; full time students; dependents; rent-receivers, retired people and other categories of income recipients; and others who are neither employed nor unemployed and also do not come under any of the inactive categories mentioned. The reference period for this is the one year or 12 months before the survey night, that is from 4 March 2012 to 3 March 2013. This is also referred to as last year or last one year in this instruction manual.

74. Columns 20 to 24

Information in these columns should be filled-in only for a person who is employed (Code 1 in column 19) or unemployed (employed before) i.e. Code 2 in column 19. For unemployed (not employed before) i.e. Code 3 in column 19 and inactive population i.e. any code from 4 to 8 in column 19, no information can be furnished in columns 20 to 24 and hence enter dash (-) in each of these columns for these persons. Following are the instructions for filling-in columns 20 to 24 for a person for whom code 1 or 2 is given in column 19. The information to be filled-in will relate to employment details of the employed person (Code 1 in column 19). In the case of unemployed (employed before) i.e. Code 2 in column 19, the information to be filled-in will relate to last employment held by that person.

[p. 33]

76. Column 21: occupation

Occupation refers to the name of the job the person did (e.g. cashier, primary school teacher, nurse, blacksmith, watchman, manager, taxi driver etc.)

76.1 you must write the occupation of a person as clearly and as fully as possible. You should not write only "staff member". Probe further to find out whether he/ she was a clerk, statistician, data entry operator etc. Do not write "Casual Labourer" which is rather vague. Find out whether he/ she was a construction worker, hand-loom weaver etc. If a person says that he/ she has been doing two or three jobs, find out the job he/ she was doing mostly (i.e. most time) and record the same.


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Cameroon 1976 — source variable CM1976A_0420 — Occupation (2 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Population 4 years old or older


Ask only those who have worked during the reference period (WK) and those without work having already worked (UN). For the others, mark with the line.


22) Employment

- For those who have worked during the reference period (WK): What job did you have during this period? ____
- For those without a job having already worked (UN): "What was your last job?" ____

Mark clearly the job occupied [Example omitted]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


b) Column 17 to 25:

To be filled out individually for the people ages 4 and over (mark a line in column 17 to 25 for children under 4.


N.B. Columns on employment (columns 22 to 24)

These columns are only to be filled out for people having worked during the reference week (WK in column 21) and for people without employment already having worked, in search of a new job (UN in column 21). For all others, mark a line from column 22 to column 24.


Column 22: Employment:

For people having worked during the week of reference (WK), mark the job done during this period.

For people without jobs, having already worked and looking for another job (UN), mark the last job done.

The response to column 22 (what job do you do?) should specify the nature of the task accomplished by the person.

Generally, the best description of the occupation of the person is the name of the task; for example, "auto mechanic". When the title of the occupation or the job is vague, do not hesitate to ask for more information to better mark his job: for example if the person tells you he or she is a doctor, ask him if he is a medical doctor, a veterinarian, or a dentist.

If you do not know a job title that you are given by a person you are interviewing or if you find it strange, you should mark it as such, if the person is certain that the title is correct.

Clearly mark the job of each person. Example: coffee planter (for a person who gets a large part of their income from the cultivation of coffee);

-Cocoa planter (for a person who gets a large part of their income from the cultivation of cocoa);

-Rice farmer (for a person who lives primarily lives off of the cultivation of rice, this product being destined for sale);

-Farmer (for a person who lives primarily off of mixed farming and self-sufficiency farming for home consumption, meaning they feed themselves from what they cultivate)

-Livestock farmer (for a person who lives primarily off breeding)

-Shepherd (for a person who watches over a flock);

-Teacher (for a person who has the job of teaching)

-Agricultural engineer (for a person who has the job of agricultural engineer)


N.B. Responses like the responses below should not be allowed.
-"Farmer" for anyone who cultivates the earth

-"Engineer" for any engineer

- "Government employee" for any government employee



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Cameroon 2005 — source variable CM2005A_0506 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Economic activity for persons aged 6 years and above
[Questions 27 to 33 were asked of persons aged 6 years and older.]


30. Occupation
What is the person's main status in the work being done? _ _ _

[Question 30 was asked of persons aged 6 years and older who reported working in the last 7 days, per Question 28.]


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions (Questions 27-33) related to the economic activity are only ask to people 6 years old and older


30. Employment
Employment is the regular activity done by the surveyed person over the course of the last 7 days preceding the survey agent's visit to the household.

Q30. For those who worked during the reference week: What job did ______ do? For those without employment already having worked: What was ______'s last job?

Following the registration order:

Legibly write the employment declared on the dotted line corresponding to the registration order of the surveyed person.

NB. Clearly mark the nature of the job that the person did during the reference week or that the person did before ending up unemployed.

[Examples omitted]
NB. Avoid vague responses like:
-Farmer for all those who farm
-Engineer for all engineers
-Government employee for all those employed by the government or the State



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Canada 1971 — source variable CA1971A_0432 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 22-40 were asked of persons age 15+, per question 21.]


Questions 33-38 refer to your job or business last week. If none, answer for your job of longest duration since January 1, 1970.
[Questions 33-38 were asked of persons 15+ who worked in 1970 or 1971, per question 32.]


36. Occupation

a. What kind of work were you doing? ____

e.g., selling shoes, civil engineering, motor vehicle repairing, metal machining, clerical work.

b. What were your most important activities or duties? ____

e.g. fitting shoes, designing bridges, auto body work, posting invoices.

c. What was your job title? ____

e.g. manager of shoe department, civil engineer, auto body repairman, invoice clerk.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

33 to 38.
If you had a job last week, answer these questions for your job last week even if you were absent from work because of temporary lay-off, illness, vacation, labour dispute, training courses, etc.
Answer the questions for the same job. If you had more than one job last week, give information for the one at which you worked the most hours.
If you had no job or business last week (with or without pay), give the information for your job of longest duration since January 1, 1970.


36. The three parts of this question refer to your occupation in the industry reported in Question 35. More than one question is required to ensure that people doing similar work will be put in the same occupational group in our statistics. Office workers may be mainly filing, typing, or calculating payrolls; professional such as engineers or lawyers may be working in their profession or in managerial positions; factory workers may be sewing garments, operating drill presses or acting as foreman of such operations, etc. Try to distinguish between the general kind of work you are doing, your most important activities or duties and your job title, i.e., the term used by the business or organization for you position. Be as precise as you can. One-word descriptions are often not complete. Some examples of complete and incomplete entries for parts (a), (b) and (c) of Question 36 are as follows:
[p. 17]

Complete:

1. (a) Maintaining electrical equipment
(b) Electrical repair and maintenance
(c) Apprentice electrician
2. (a) Operating a packaging machine
(b) Wrapping paper serviettes
(c) Wrapping machine operator
3. (a) General office work
(b) Typing and filing
(c) Clerk-typist
4. (a) Electronic testing and inspection
(b) Testing electronic components
(c) Electronic inspection technician
5. (a) Wheat farming
(b) Operating a wheat farm
(c) Wheat farmer
6. (a) Operating a pharmacy
(b) Dispensing and selling drugs
(c) Proprietor--Retail drug store

Incomplete:

1. (a) Maintenance
(b) Repair work
(c) Apprentice;
2. (a) Factory work
(b) Operating a machine
(c) Machine operator
3. (a) Clerical
(b) Office work
(c) Clerk
4. (a) Technical
(b) Inspection
(c) Inspection technician
5. (a) Farming
(b) Farm work
(c) Farmer
6. (a) Owner
(b) Selling
(c) Proprietor


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Canada 1981 — source variable CA1981A_0427 — Occupation (1981 classification basis)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 31-46 were asked of persons age 15+, per question 30.]


Note: Questions 41 to 44 refer to your job or business last week. If none, answer for your job of longest duration since January 1, 1980. If you held more than one job last week, answer for the job at which you worked the most hours.


43. a. What kind of work were you doing? ________

For example, accounting clerk, safes representative, civil engineer, secondary school teacher, chief electrician, metal worker.

(b) In this work, what were your most important activities or duties? ________
For example, verifying invoices, selling electrical tools, managing the research department, reaching mathematics, supervising construction electricians, operating lathe. (If in the Armed Forces give rank.)


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Canada 1991 — source variable CA1991A_0485 — Occupation (1980 classification basis)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

STEP 10: Answer Questions 20 to 45 for each person aged 15 and over.


Note: Questions 36 to 42 refer to this person's job or business last week. If this person held no job last week, answer for the job of longest duration since January 1, 1990. If this person held more than one job last week, answer for the job at which he/she worked the most hours.


39. What kind of work was this person doing?

For example, medical lab technician, accounting clerk, manager of civil engineering department, secondary school teacher, supervisor of data entry unit, food processing labourer, fishing guide (if in the Armed Forces, give rank only).
Kind of work ________

40. In this work, what were this person's most important duties or activities?
For example, analysing blood samples, verifying invoices, co-ordinating civil engineering projects, teaching mathematics, organizing work schedules and monitoring data entry systems, cleaning vegetables, guiding fishing parties.
Most important duties or activities ________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Answer Questions 20 to 45 for each person aged 15 and over, that is, for each person born before June 4, 1976.


Questions 39 and 40: Kind of work and most important duties

Descriptions should be as precise as possible. Two or more words may be needed in both questions. Rather than using the terms employee or worker, use specific descriptions of the kind of work done. Be sure to indicate supervisory or management responsibilities if they apply.
For example, rather than: maintenance, repair work, office work, clerical, inspecting, supervising. A more complete response would be: maintaining electrical equipment; repair and maintenance of electrical motors; type, general office work; typing and filing; inspecting electronic equipment; supervising assembly of electronic equipment [respectively].
For persons who are members of a religious order engaged in teaching or nursing for example, report these secular activities rather than the religious activities.


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Canada 2001 — source variable CA2001A_0501 — Occupation (2001 national occupational classification for statistics)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

23. Answer questions 24 to 51 for each person aged 15 and over.


Remember, these questions are only for persons aged 15 and over.
Note: Questions 40 to 48 refer to this person's job or business last week. If this person held no job last week, answer for the job of longest duration since January 1, 2000. If this person held more than one job last week, answer for the job at which he/she worked the most hours.
[Questions 40-50 were asked of persons who have worked for pay after 2000, per question 39.]
40. For whom did this person work?

For self-employed persons, enter the name of their business. If the business does not have a name, enter the person's name.
Name of firm, government agency, etc. ________
Section, plant, department, etc. (if applicable) ________

41. What kind of business, industry or service was this?
Please be specific. For example: road maintenance, secondary school, municipal police, wheat farm, retail shoe store, temporary help agency, full-service garage, trapping.
Kind of business, industry or service ________
_ _ _ _

42. What was this person's work or occupation?
Please be specific. For example: legal secretary, plumber, fishing guide, wood furniture assembler, restaurant manager, secondary school teacher. (If in the Armed Forces, give rank.)
Occupation ________

43. In this work, what were this person's main activities?
Please give details. For example: prepared legal documents, installed residential plumbing, guided fishing parties, made wood furniture products, managed operations of a restaurant, taught mathematics.
Main activities ________
_ _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 34 to 50 collect information on paid work done by people aged 15 and older.]


Question 42 -- Occupation

Give specific descriptions of the work done. For example - rather than: maintenance; repair work; office work; engineering; engineering; inspecting; supervising; consulting.
A more complete response would be: electrical equipment maintainer; electrical motor repairman; typist, general office work; industrial engineer; industrial engineering technician; electronic equipment inspector; aircraft assembly supervisor; health-care planning consultant.

[p. 19]
Question 43 -- Main activities

Report the main activities this person does in his or her job. Be sure to indicate supervisory or management responsibilities if they apply. For persons who are members of a religious order engaged in teaching or nursing, report these activities rather than the religious activities.


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Canada 2011 — source variable CA2011A_0404 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Labour market activities

39. When did this person last work for pay or in self-employment, even for a few days?

Mark "x" one circle only.

[] In 2011 [Continue with the next question.]
[] In 2010 [Continue with the next question.]
[] Before 2010 [Go to Question 53.]
[] Never [Go to Question 53.]
Note: Questions 40 to 49 refer to this person's job or business during the week of May 1 to May 7, 2011. If this person held no job, answer for the job of longest duration since January 1, 2010. If this person held more than one job, answer for the job at which he or she worked the most hours.

[Questions 40-52 were asked of persons age 15+ who last worked for pay or in self-employment in 2011 or 2010, per question 39.]

42. What was this person's work or occupation? ____

Please be specific. For example:
Police officer
Trapper
Primary school teacher
Community health nurse
Truck driver
Artisan
Hairdresser
(If in the Armed Forces, give rank.)

43. In this work, what were this person's main activities? ____

Please give details. For example:
Law enforcement
Skinning animals
Teaching Grade 2
Treating patients
Driving a truck
Carving soapstone
Cutting hair
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Labor Market Activities
Questions 34 to 45 and 49 to 51 provide information on Canada's workforce including the industries and occupations in which they work, as well as the language used at work. Employment information is used to assess the economic conditions of communities and specific populations such as Aboriginal Peoples and immigrants.
Industry and occupation information is used to forecast job opportunities.

Retired Persons
All persons who did not work any hours during the week of May 1 to May 7, 2011 (answered 'None' to Question 34), should answer Questions 34 to 39 even if the reason they did not work was because they retired.

All persons who did any work for pay or in self-employment between January 1, 2010 and May 7, 2011 should answer Questions 40 to 51, even if they are retired at the time of the survey.

Recent Immigrants
Persons who did not have a job during the week of May 1 to May 7, 2011, but who have worked since January 1, 2010, should answer Questions 34 to 39 for the last job they held even if it was in another country and continue with Questions 40 to 51.

Question 39 -- Last date of work
Include only:

Work done for wages, salary, tips, commission, piece-rate payment, payment in kind (payment in goods and services rather than in money)
Work done in self-employment
Work done without pay by family members for family businesses, agricultural operations or professional practice

Do not include:

Volunteer work
Unpaid housework
Unpaid child care
Unpaid care to seniors
Unpaid home maintenance
Leisure activities.
Question 42 -- Occupation or work
Give specific descriptions of the occupation or work done.

For example, 'electrical equipment maintainer' would be a more complete response than 'maintenance'; and 'auto mechanic helper' would be a more complete response than 'helper'.
Question 43 -- Main activities at work
Report the main activities this person does in his or her job. Be sure to indicate supervisory or management responsibilities if they apply.

For persons who are members of a religious order engaged in teaching or nursing, report these specific activities rather than the religious activities.


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Chile 1960 — source variable CL1960A_0423 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all individuals 12 years of age and older. [applies to questions 15-18]


16. Occupation ____

Only for those Employed, Unemployed, and Looking for work for the first time.

If an Employed person has more than one job, write the one that produces the greatest income.

For those Unemployed, write the last occupation held.

For those Looking for work for the first time, write the profession, or if none, write "none."

Avoid using vague terms, like "professional," "worker," and so on. Give concrete occupations such as Lawyer, Bricklayer, Taxi driver, Doctor, Soldier, Cashier, etc.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Column 16: Occupation on the day of the Census. Write down the specific profession, trade, or type of job practiced on the day of the census, only for people classified in the previous column (Column 15), under one of the following groups: "Employed" (OC), "Unemployed" (CE), and "Seeking work for the first time" (BT).

Avoid vague designations such as: assistant, manual laborer, machinist, office worker, seller, etc.; instead, use designations that give the best possible idea of the person's occupation, for example: agricultural engineer, movie projectionist, fruit vendor, travel agent, cobbler's apprentice, etc.

There are some manual labor, artisan, and professional occupations that are precise simply by nature of their name, like: carpenter, bricklayer, plumber, physician, attorney, etc.

Certain commercial occupations, however, require more specific information, such as: selling agent, counter attendant, etc. Also, in the case of office workers, clarify if the person is a typist, cashier, treasurer, accountant, filing-clerk, etc.

In the case of professionals like physicians, attorneys, engineers, etc., that profession should normally be recorded. However, there are cases where these people don't practice those professions and instead devote themselves to other activities. For example, an attorney who works solely in bank management; a physician who devotes himself exclusively to teaching in a university. In these cases, record the latter profession, such as manager or university professor, as the case may be. For government employees write down their specific occupations, in accordance with the examples given previously, avoiding the designation "public employee."

If the person is a member of the armed forces, (not including police officers), whatever the class or rank, record "Military."

For domestic workers, it should be specified whether they are, for example, a cook, launderer, nanny, butler, etc. Likewise, for those who perform agricultural activities, the term "farmer" should be reserved for those who operate a farming/livestock facility, and not for those who perform general activities in the capacity of administrators, [p. 39] cowboys, shepherds, tractor-operators, cheesemakers, milkers, unskilled laborers, etc., for whom should be written down their specific occupation.

For unemployed people (Group "CE"), record the last occupation practiced.

For people who are seeking work for the first time (Group "BT"), record the profession, trade, or type of work for which they are qualified or prepared or, if they are not qualified or prepared for any, simply record: "none." Once this notation has been made, the census has ended for this group of people. Draw a horizontal line across columns 17 and 18 of the corresponding entries on the enumeration form for these people.


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Chile 1970 — source variable CL1970A_0421 — Occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


III Economic Characteristics

Only for those 12 years of age and older.


14. Principal occupation: For those who answered 0, 1 and 2 in question number 13.

What occupation, position, profession or type of work did you engage in the week of April 13th to the 18th, or before in the case of an unemployed person?
(Examples: bricklayer, doctor, auto mechanic, tractor driver, etc.)

____ (Give maximum possible detail)


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question No. 14--Main Occupation

What trade, profession, or type of work was performed the week of April 13 to 18, or before in the case of an unemployed person?

You should ask this question only of people who worked or didn't work but were employed (boxes 0 and 1 from question 13) and of those who looked for work and had worked before (box 2 from question 13). The response should be noted in the space reserved for this purpose opposite the question.

[p. 38]

If the person being enumerated reports having more than one occupation, you should record only their main occupation.

"Main Occupation" means the one that provides the greatest income.

In the case of a person who worked before but wasn't employed during the week of April 13 to 18 (unemployed), record the "last occupation."

Avoid vague designations such as: assistant, machinist, office worker, seller, etc.

Use designations that give the best possible idea of the person's occupation, for example: agricultural engineer, fruit vendor, taxi driver, typist etc.


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Chile 1982 — source variable CL1982A_0418 — Occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all those age 15 and older


11. Describe the occupation that you have, or had, if you are unemployed.
Ex: Builder (bricklayer), Doctor, Manager, Director, Tailor, Auto mechanic, Sewing machine operator, Secretary, Accountant, Statistician.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


11. Describe the occupation, trade, or type of work that you do (or used to do if the person is unemployed).

It's very important that the answer to this question be requested with the greatest detail, since general answers don't provide the required information.

For the Occupation, Trade, or Type of Work a complete description is needed. This is especially important when talking about little known activities. Other cases involve well known occupations, but for these it is nonetheless necessary to add details that specify them.

The examples that are on the form and these others will help you achieve greater precision in the response: insurance agent, crane operator, car washer, journalist, upholsterer, stenographer, mail carrier, mechanical engineer, mine technician, veterinarian, fashion designer, waiter, geologist, galvanizer, stucco worker, dent remover for metal bodywork, civil construction worker, surveyor, attorney, fisherman, surgical doctor, dietician, hairdresser, elementary school teacher, television reporter, etc.

If the person being enumerated has more than one occupation, write down the occupation to which the person devotes the majority of the time.

If the person has two or more occupations to which they devote an equal number of hours, write down the occupation that the person considers to be the main one.

[The above directions refer to a picture of question 11 in this section of the enumeration form.]


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Chile 1992 — source variable CL1992A_0419 — Occupation, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all individuals 14 years of age and older [applies to questions 10 to 16]


12. Describe the occupation, position, or type of work carried out in the current job (or previously, if unemployed). Examples: bricklayer, pediatrician, tailor, auto mechanic, textile machinist, street vendor, etc. [3 blank lines for answer]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


12. Indicate the occupation or type of work that you perform (or performed if unemployed)

It's very important that the answer to this question be requested with the greatest detail, since general answers don't provide the required information.

For the occupation, trade, or type of work a complete description is needed. This is especially important when talking about little known activities, for which it is nonetheless necessary to add details that specify them.

In a figurative sense this is: "What do you do in your job?"

The examples that are on the questionnaire and these others will help you achieve greater precision in the response: insurance agent, crane operator, car washer, journalist, upholsterer, stenographer, mail carrier, mechanical engineer, mine technician, veterinarian, fashion designer, waiter, geologist, galvanizer, stucco worker, dent remover for metal bodywork, civil construction worker, surveyor, attorney, fisherman, pediatrician, dietician, hairdresser, elementary school teacher, television reporter, etc.

If the person has more than one occupation, write down the occupation to which the person devotes the majority of their time.

If the person has two or more occupations to which they devote an equal number of hours, write down the occupation that the person considers to be the principal one.

[The above directions refer to a picture of question 12 in this section of the enumeration form.]


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Chile 2002 — source variable CL2002A_0433 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all individuals 15 years of age and older


31. What occupation or type of work do you perform, or did you perform in the past if unemployed?

Examples: Auto mechanic; university professor; furniture-maker in a factory; cameraman; graphic designer; cashier in a . . . . ; vendor of . . . . ; etc.
____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 31

You should describe the occupation in detail. For example: ice cream vendor. If more than one occupation, the informant should choose the main one. [These instructions refer to a graphic of question 31 on the census form.]


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China 1982 — source variable CN1982A_0408 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Persons aged 15 and above
[Applies to questions VIII - XI]


IX. Occupation

____
_ _ _


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


9. Occupation. Working people age 15 and above should report their occupation. Under this topic, specific types of work these people are doing should be written down. For example, workers should register as "spinner", "fitter'', "typesetter", "driver", etc. Peasants should register as "grain grower", "cotton grower", "pig breeder", "poultry raiser", etc. Commercial and service trades personnel may be identified as "shop assistant", "chef", "conductor", etc. Government staff may be classified as "X X section chief", "typist", etc. The answer should not be in such general terms as "workers", "peasants", or "cadres".

When a person is holding two or more jobs, the one he/she spends most of his/her time on counts. If their responsibilities are inconsistent with their titles, describe their present jobs. For example, for a worker who is released from production to do administrative work, fill in this column with "workshop statistician", "clerk of X X section" etc. Those who are not at their post presently on account of illness, injury, holiday-leave, being released from work to study, enterprise readjustment, labor-reform, etc., should register under the original work. Apprentices should register under the trade they are learning to do. If his/her trade is still undecided, the person can put down "type of work undecided".


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China 1990 — source variable CN1990A_0413 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 10-13 were asked of persons age 15 and older.]


11. Occupation: _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


11. Occupations of employed/working people: -- Those aged 15 and over.

Fill in the detailed work. For example, worker can be "locksmith", "car driver" etc. Commercial or Service staff can be "salesperson", "cook", "ticket seller" etc. Office staff can be "planning staff", "statistical staff", "secretary", "accountant", "typist", etc. Do not fill in general terms such as "worker" or "cadre". For those who are in charge of government institutions and related organizations, or communist-party organizations, fill in their posts; for those who hold both technical and administrative posts, fill in the administrative ones. For those who are in charge of enterprise and public institutions, they should fill in the rank of their institutions in addition to their posts. For example, "factory director of an institution at the rank of regiment in this county". If the rank of an institution is unclear, fill in respondent's post only.

For farmers, do not use general term "Farmer". Fill in the details: "grain farmer", "truck farmer", "pannage", etc. For those who engage in other activities in addition to agricultural activity, fill in the occupation in which they engage longest. For example, if someone spends most of his/her time on construction, fill in "bricklayer", or "laborer" etc, instead of "farmer".

For those working persons who engage in more than one activity, fill in the occupation in which they engage longest.

For apprentices, fill in the type of work that they learn or engage in. For those whose type of work hasn't be specified, fill in "Type of work unsettled".


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China 2000 — source variable CN2000A_0453 — Occupation, 2 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

20. Please list the specific duty at work. ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Part One. Personal Records

The following questions reflect economic characteristics of the population.

R17 through R24 apply to persons who are 15 years or older.

R20. Occupation
It refers to any kinds of paid social activities a person undertakes. Need to fill in the detailed work. This question should be answered by persons who chose 1 or 2 in R17.
Categorization of occupation follows the principle of "uniformity" of the nature of work. Uniformity means persons who conduct uniform types of work, regardless of their economic sectors, contract terms, or industrial focuses, should be put in the same category. The census defines 8 major categories, 65 secondary categories, and 410 minor categories for occupation.
Filling in this question should pay attention to the following things:

Fill in the detailed work. For example, avoid using general terms such as "worker", but be specific about the types of work such as "locksmith", "mine worker", etc. Persons work in government agencies also need to specify the detailed work content, such as "typist" and "statistician" rather than simply putting them as "cadre". For technical staff, write down their fields of expertise instead of putting them as "researcher" or "engineer".
For persons who take senior positions of technical or administrative rank, include their specific titles and posts in the answers.
If a person's work duties are not yet decided or a person is not undertaking any specific tasks, put "undecided" in the answer.
If a person does not have a regular or permanent job, record the work he or she undertook during the week prior to the census.
If a person engages in agricultural work, as long as he or she has a relatively stable job in village- or township- enterprises, put down the enterprise job (even if the person works on farmland a week prior to the census).
If a person engaged in more than one types of work the week prior to the census, record the one that he or she worked for the longest period of time. If time is unknown, record the one with the highest pay. If a person engages in different jobs at the same workplace, record the one that is more "technically advanced".
If encountering a person who is unfamiliar with types of occupation or is illiterate, ask carefully before recording his or her answers.
If encountering a person who does not know his or her or their family member's occupation, ask carefully before recording answers.

This question is the last one asking about economic activities of employed persons. Those who answered this question can skip R21 and R22 and go directly to R23.


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Colombia 1964 — source variable CO1964A_0423 — Occupation (COTA, 4 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


19. Occupation or condition of unemployment ____ _
Write the occupation or usual employment of the person. Examples: Farmer, doctor, carpenter, accountant, manual laborer, servant, etc. If the person does not work, write the unemployment condition: renter, pensioner, disabled, elderly, household domestic duties, student, etc. For those who are unemployed, write their last paid occupation.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Occupation and condition of unemployment

Column No. 19 - What is your habitual occupation or craft? Occupation is understood as profession, craft or class of job that a person who is working does habitually or what a person who is unemployed did on the census date.

One should write down in this column of the form:

a) The habitual occupation of persons who are working on the census date.

b) The habitual occupation of persons who are found without work on the census date.


[p. 21]

c) The condition of persons who do not work because of being of being under age, elderly or invalids, rentiers, pensioned, or who do domestic duties without remuneration, etc.


Habitual occupation. - The habitual occupation of a person, that is, the occupation to which the most time is dedicated should be written down. When a person has many occupations and it is hard for them to know in which the most time is spent, the occupation that produces the greatest incomes should be written down.

In this column, the complete name of the occupation should be written down in a manner that clearly indicates the class or craft or task that is done. In many occupations it is necessary to employ more than one word to be able to describe them correctly, like "wholesale storekeeper", "engineer of mines", "automobile greaser", "retail storekeeper", "upholsterer of furniture", etc., single names like "storekeeper", "engineer", "greaser", "upholsterer", etc indicate nothing respective of the specific occupation. Equally, generic names should not be employed like "manual laborer", "white collar worker", "industrial", etc., since they also do not correctly define the occupation correctly. In some occupations like those of accountant, typist, superintendent, etc., this single name describes the craft or task correctly and therefore can be written down without other specification.

The habitual occupation also should be registered for persons interned temporarily in hospitals, clinics, as also those who are found detained for police reasons.

Occupation of family helpers. - For members of a family (spouse, children relatives) who collaborate in the economic company of the Head of the family or other relative during a time less than two days a week, 10 days a month or 4 months a year, without pay or fixed daily wages, they should be written down as the same occupation as the Head of family or the relative who they help.

Food, in these cases, should not be considered remuneration.

Secondary remunerated occupations: For students, housewives and the rest of persons whose principal activity is not remunerated but who at the same time has a secondary occupation that permits them some monetary income, this last occupation should be registered even though they only do it on some days or some hours a day.

Agricultural occupations. - The following occupations should be distinguished as agricultural occupations:

Farmer: The person who directs the planting and collection of crops, either on private property or for a third party company without depending on other persons.

Also family helpers who work on the farm of the Head of family or relative are farmers, without pay or fixed daily wage and during a time not shorter than two days a week, 10 days a month or 4 months a year.

Administrator of a farm: A person who directs jobs of an agricultural or livestock farm, and for it receives remuneration from the corresponding owner or from the manager of the farm.

[p. 22]

Foreman of the farm: A person who directs a group of agricultural manual laborers, controls their jobs and for this receives remuneration.

Agricultural manual laborer: A person who works as a worker in a farm for a daily wages in money, products or both.

The rest of the occupations of persons who work in farms as helpers in the agricultural labors should be registered as their specific names, such as: Agronomist Engineer, Farm Pilot, Tractor driver, and the same with the personnel of administration and services: Mechanic, Accountant, Inspector, Typist, Servant, etc.

Are you looking for work for the first time?

The cases of persons who on the census date because of not having worked before are found looking for work for the first time should be written down. The annotation will be made in the same column 19, as: "B. T. X. 1a vez"

Condition of inactivity. - For a persons who do not work due to conditions of age, health or are dedicating their time to study in education centers, domestic duties, or those who live on investments or pensions and do not have a remunerated occupation, the condition of inactivity that corresponds to them, in accordance with the following names should be registered:

Home: Women who without having a remunerated occupation do domestic duties.

Minor: A person younger than 14 years who does not study and does not have an occupation.

Student: A person who studies in an education establishment and does not have a remunerated occupation.

Elderly person: A person who cannot work because of age.

Invalid: A person who cannot carry out a job because of a physical incapacity.

Rentier: A person without remunerated occupation who lives from the product of investments or stocks.

Pensioned: A person without remunerated occupation who lives on a pension supplied by official and private entities.

Interned: A person who resides and is attended in a social institution of health, like mental hospitals, sanitariums, old peoples home, hospices, etc.

Imprisoned: A resident in jails where they complete a sentence. They should not be confused with a simple detainee.

Religious person: Persons of both sexes who live in convents.


For persons who are found in collective residences (barracks, convents, hospitals, boarding schools, etc.) the habitual occupation, grade, title or condition should be registered, for example: administrator, superintendent, servant, lieutenant, sergeant, corporal, soldier, student, priest, etc.

Persons who do not work should not be confused with those who having worked in some part of the census year, are found without a job or employment on the official day of the census. Equally, these last persons also should not be confused with those looking for a job for the first time, such as persons who finished their studies and are looking for work.


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Colombia 1973 — source variable CO1973A_0420 — Occupation last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


C. Economic characteristics (For persons 10 years old or more)
[Applies to questions 14 - 19]


15. What was your occupation, profession, or work during this week? ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Section C. Economic characteristics

This section should be filled out only for persons 10 years old or older.
[Applies to questions 14 - 19]


Question No. 15. Occupation

[Below the text is a form.]

[p. 52]

This question refers to the occupation, craft, profession or type of work that was done during the week of October 14 to 20 by persons who worked in that week.

For persons who did not work but had a job and for those who worked before and looked for work during the week before the Census, the occupation or trade refers to the last job worked.

If a person had more than one job write down only the principal occupation. Principal occupation is understood to be one that provides the largest quantity of income.

Do not accept responses like "employee", "office worker", "laborer", "operator", "farmer", "commercial worker", etc. Always write down the responses that completely specify the occupation that the person had.

Write down the responses clearly and without writing the in the shaded square.


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Costa Rica 1973 — source variable CR1973A_0420 — Occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Only for individuals 12 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 17 - 22]


Only for those who "worked" or "did not work"
[Applies to questions 18-20]


18. Principal occupation

Specify the principal occupation held during the week of May 7th - 12th.
If the status was "did not work," write the last occupation held.
Do not forget to write the answer according to the instructions on page 47 of the Enumerator's Manual.

____ _ _ _


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


24.- Question No. 18.- Principal occupation

Ask this question only to persons in the classifications "Worked" or "Did not Work".

Clearly write in this space the nature of the occupation that the person did during the week of May 7 to 12.

If the occupation cannot be written down with one defined name, describe the nature of the job, for example: puts lining on steering wheels of vehicles.

When a person has had more than one occupation in this period, ask and write down that which is considered the principal.

Avoid the use of generic terms such as: worker, aid, owner, day laborer, etc., which say nothing about nature or class of work that a person did during the period of reference.

When it concerns not worked, ask the last occupation they had, it does not matter how long ago it was.

[Below the text is a filled out form.]

Keep in mind that here what you should write down is the occupation and not profession. Of course, it can happen, and it is very frequent, that both (occupation and profession) coincide; but also it can happen that they do not; for example: it is common that doctors, engineers, lawyers, etc. work in the same profession; nevertheless also it can be that a doctor is the administrator of a hospital, or an engineer the manager of a company. It is evident that in the last two examples, the occupation of the doctor is administrator and that of the engineer is manager.

[p. 48]

Examples of correct and incorrect occupations:

[Below are two columns, one marked Incorrect and one marked Correct. In this translation we list them in a single column.]

Incorrect
Professor


Correct
Professor of Primary School
Professor of Secondary School
Professor of Dance, Song, etc.


Incorrect
Mechanic


Correct
Automobile Mechanic
Thresher Mechanic
Aviation Mechanic


Incorrect
Construction Worker


Correct
Mason
Carpenter
Carpenter's Helper


Incorrect
Worker


Correct
Agricultural Worker
Quarry Worker
Poultry Farm Worker



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Costa Rica 1984 — source variable CR1984A_0417 — Occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Only for those 12 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 12-16]


13. Principal occupation

What occupation or type of work did you perform during the week of the 3rd tot the 9th of June, or in your last job?
____ [3 blank lines]


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Fourth block of questions: only for persons 12 years old or more

This block of questions is formed by questions 12 to 16 and should be asked only to persons 12 years old and older. If a person that you enumerate does not meet this requirement, you should cross out the whole block with two diagonally crossed lines and go to the next person. This part has some complexity because of this it is recommended to put much care to each one of the concepts noted here. This block has as its objective gathering information about the work characteristics of the interviewed persons to attain correct information and a good understanding of the questions it is necessary that you keep in mind the following concepts:

1. Working age population
It is the group of persons 12 years old or older.
2. Work Force or Economically Active Population
It is the group of persons 12 years old or older who work, look for work.
3. Economically Inactive Population
It is the group of persons 12 years old or older who do not work and do not look for work.
4. Work
Work is understood to be a labor activity that has as its goal the production of goods and services with economic value in the market.


Question 13: Principal Occupation

Occupation is understood as the type of specific work that the employed person carried out in the reference period or did, for the first time, if unemployed, whatever the economic industry is that forms a part or the category they have.

[p. 54]

[On the top of the page is a form.]

The information about the occupation is gathered for those who were working the week before the census and also for those who were unemployed, even if for these cases the occupation will be what they did in their last job.

Ask the question such as it appears in the form, that is: What occupation or class of work did you do during the week of June 3 to 9 or in your last job?

The class of job should be written down as completely as possible, indicating the specialty of the occupation, for example, it is not enough to write professor, you should write professor of primary, professor of secondary, university professor, etc.

Also, do not confuse the principal occupation with the profession or craft. Doctors, lawyers or engineers, although they usually work in their profession, can do administrative work in a hospital, as well as judges, as well as managers of companies. Examples of the following "incorrect" and "correct" annotations are given to you that will help you understand better what has been said.

[Below are two columns, one marked "Incorrect annotation" and one marked "Correct annotation". I am going to translate them without using two columns.]

Incorrect Annotation
Professor

Correct Annotation
Professor of Primary
Professor of Secondary

Incorrect Annotation
Mechanic

Correct Annotation
Automobile Mechanic
Thresher Mechanic

Incorrect Annotation
Worker

Correct Annotation
Agricultural Worker
Milker
Quarry Worker
Poultry Farm Worker

Incorrect Annotation
Doctor

Correct Annotation
Medical director of a hospital
Head of surgery of a hospital
Medical investigator
Professor of Pathology in the Medical Faculty

Incorrect Annotation
Lawyer

Correct Annotation
Lawyer, professor in the Faculty of Law
First Judge of a Lower Court
Judicial Advisor of a Ministry
Price Comptroller


If a person does not indicate the name of their job, tell them to describe the principal job they do and write it: managing a machine that stamps sheets, feeding animals at a farm, etc.

If the interviewed person had more that one job, write down only the principal one, considering as such the occupation where the largest amount of time was spent.

When a person about whom you are asking for information is absent, investigate their occupation with the remaining members of the household.


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Costa Rica 2000 — source variable CR2000A_0427 — Occupation, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For those 12 years of age and older [Applies to questions 13-18]

For the principal job
[Applies to questions 15-18]

17. What is the occupation or position that ____ holds in this job?

____ [2 blank lines. A 4-character box also appears in the corner of this item]

What are the principal tasks that ____ carries out?

____ [2 blank lines]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Third Block

Only for persons 12 years old or older


Question 17: Principal Occupation

With this question the type of job that the person did in the reference week is determined and so being able to know the composition of the employment according to occupation. Also it is important as an indicator of socioeconomic condition.

[To the right of the text is a form.]

[Below the text is a picture of a teacher.]

Equal to question 16 (industry), the type of work should be written down completely, so that the occupation that persons do can be clearly distinguished.

Do not confuse occupation with the craft or profession for which they were prepared, since the occupation is determined by the activities that are done in the current job, and not by the degrees or crafts that the person possesses.

Example:

A man has worked many years as a carpenter, which he considers as his craft; nevertheless, he declares that for six months he has been working as a guard in a factory that trained him about handling firearms and security procedures. His type of work or occupation is "security guard of a factory" and among his jobs you should specify that along with guarding and making his rounds, he handles firearms.

Some following examples of correct and incorrect forms of obtaining this information are shown, that will surely help you understand what is asked for:

[Below are two columns, one marked "Incorrect Annotation" and one marked "Correct Annotation". I am going to translate them without using two columns.]

Incorrect Annotation
Teacher

Correct Annotation
Primary Teacher
Secondary Teacher

Incorrect Annotation
Mechanic

Correct Annotation
Automobile Mechanic
Thresher Mechanic
Airplane Mechanic

Incorrect Annotation
Worker

Correct Annotation
Mason
Carpenter
Maintenance Mechanic
Industrial Worker

Incorrect Annotation
Farm Worker or Day Laborer

Correct Annotation
Agricultural Worker in Cane
Milker
Construction Worker

Incorrect Annotation
Doctor

Correct Annotation
Medical Consultant
Medical director of a hospital
Head of surgery of a hospital
Professor of Pathology in a Medical Faculty

Incorrect Annotation
Lawyer

Correct Annotation
Lawyer with own office
Professor in a Faculty of Law
First Judge of a Lower Court
Judicial assessor of a bank

Incorrect Annotation
Assistant

Correct Annotation
Accountant's Assistant
Nurse's Assistant
Topography Assistant

Incorrect Annotation
Machine Operator

Correct Annotation
Operator of a Coffee Picking Machine
Operator of an Embroidery Machine
Operator of a Printing Press

Incorrect Annotation
In Charge of a Store

Correct Annotation
In Charge of personnel
In Charge of Arranging Merchandise

Incorrect Annotation
Chauffeur

Correct Annotation
Taxi Driver
Chauffeur of Light Vehicles for Hire


As you see in question 17, the principal jobs that are done are additionally requested.

The objective is obtaining a complete idea of the occupation and the nature of the job that is done during the reference week, so that, along with the complete name of the occupation, you should write down a brief description of the principal tasks or functions, as is shown in this example:

[Below the text is a filled out form.]

In the tasks it should be specified, if it is the case, the level of responsibility that the person has and the instruments, type of material and tools that are used.


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Costa Rica 2011 — source variable CR2011A_0452 — Occupation 1-digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people 12 years or older
[Questions 20 through 23 are asked only of persons aged 20 and older]

About the main job

[This question is asked of persons who worked for an hour or more, had employment or helped with family business or farm]

24. What is the occupation or profession that [the respondent] has at this job? ____

For question 24 from Block IV, about the main occupation, you can detail the responses like in the following examples: school director, hospital director, farmer, peon farmer, construction worker, school teacher, art teacher, dental mechanic, vehicle mechanic, domestic employee, waitress, store worker, store owner, fish raiser, bank cashier, supermarket cashier, bus chauffeur, truck driver.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 20 to 31 are asked only of people 12 years of age or older.

Questions 24 to 29: Determine the characteristics of the people's main work
This refers to the characteristics of the main job, that to which the person habitually dedicates the most number of hours or that which generates the greatest income.

About the main job

Question 24: Main occupation

_____ 24. What is the occupation or profession that [name] has in this job?

The occupation or office is the type of work that carried out the person in his/her main occupation. You must request the informant to correctly describe the name of the occupation that he/she carried out.

In order to do so, obtain the complete name of that occupation, with every detail necessary so that the nature of the work that the person carried out is clear.

Don't write generic occupations such as: peon, helper, assistant, mechanic, or professor, that by themselves do not provide details to classify the various occupations.

Below some examples of the correct and incorrect forms to gather information will be shown that will surely help you understand what is asked for:

[p. 163]

[The left-hand side is the general but incorrect type of occupation; examples of more specific and correct identification of occupation follow to the right]

Teacher: elementary school teacher, secondary school teacher, university professor, private class professor

Mechanic: automotive mechanic, dental mechanic, aviation mechanic

Maintenance: gardener, miscellaneous, electrician

Day worker: agricultural cane worker, miler, construction worker, cattle worker, fisherman

Merchant: store owner, mini super worker, vegetable salesman, soda salesman

Lawyer: attorney in private practice, examining magistrate, legal advisor of a bank, price attorney

Assistant: accounting assistant, nursing assistant, topography assistant

Machine operator: embroidery machine operator, print machine operator

Store manager: human resource manager, merchandise manager

Chauffeur: truck driver, bus driver, trailer driver


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Cuba 2002 — source variable CU2002A_0420 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons 15 years old or more
[Questions 17-21]


17. What did you do during the week before September 7?

[] 01 Worked - Continue with question 18
[] 02 Had a job, but did not work - Continue with question 18
[] 03 Looked for work because he/she had lost his/her job
[] 04 Looked for work for the first time
[] 05 Retired or receiving a pension
[] 06 Collects rents or receives economic support
[] 07 Household chores
[] 08 Student
[] 09 Incapacitated for work
[] 10 Does not carry out any economic activity
[] 11 In the hospital, in an asylum, or recluse who does not work
[] 12 Other situation

For answers 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12: end of interview.


18. What is the principal occupation or job that you did in this work?

[Question 18 was asked of persons age 15 and older who had worked or had a job during the week before September 7, per question 17.]

*For example: electrician roller, teacher, secretary, etc.

____
_ _ According to the classifier


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 18. What is the principal occupation or task that you did in this job?

For the persons who have box 1 or 2 marked in question 17, you will continue by asking the economic questions in the order that they appear in the Census Questionnaire.

[illustration]
18. What is the principal occupation or task that you did in this job?
(Examples: Wiring electrician, teacher, secretary, etc.)
_____
_____
[ _ _ _ ]
(According to the classifier)


For question 18, you need to collect the activity or occupation that the interviewee does in his/her job (whatever the form of holding the employment: state, self-employed, etc.) if in the reference week the person worked (01) or was employed but did not work (2).

You should leave the space that is designated for the codification blank (according to the Classifier).

The work or activity should be recorded in the most complete manner possible, indicating the specialty of the occupation.

In the case that the person declares that his/her principal occupation is Social Service, trainer, or Work that is Socially Useful, you should continue to ask about the job that he/she does in this work center.

Therefore, you should avoid writing generic terms such as:

You should avoid / You should write
Electrician / Wiring electrician, maintenance electrician, etc.
Operator / Construction operation, printing press operator, etc.
Mechanic / Aviation mechanic, refrigeration mechanic, etc.
Clerk / Warehouse clerk, pharmacy clerk, etc.
Engineer / Industrial engineer, metallurgic engineer, etc.
Driver / Bus driver, truck driver, etc.


You should also avoid using terms such as: employee, day-laborer, workers, unspecialized worker, etc.

If the person does not know how to indicate the name of his/her work, ask the person about the principal tasks that he/she does, and write: drive a truck, take care of animals, open button holes, fold sheets of metal, etc.

If the interviewee simultaneously works at more than one job, you should consider the one to which the person has dedicated more time.

Remember that we are only interested the real job or occupation that the person has in his/her state, cooperative or private job, whatever his/her profession or occupation.


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Dominican Republic 1960 — source variable DO1960A_0410 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For those individuals 10 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 14 - 18]

15. Profession, position or occupation.

The profession, position or occupation performing or performed this year.
____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

64. The questions 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18 are presented to all persons 10 years of age or older. A dash [-] is traced in the spaces 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18 for those younger than 10 years of age.

It may be difficult to obtain accurate answers due to the nature of this information. Great care should be taken to ensure that the annotation reflects the desired information.

Reference period

65. The information recorded in the spaces mentioned above (14, 15, 16, 17, and 18) refers to the following period of time: from January 1st to August 7th, 1960. In other words, the time that has passed since the beginning of the year to the date of the census. Whenever the "reference period" is mentioned, it is to be interpreted as the period of time between the two dates mentioned above.

Total time worked

Profession, trade, or occupation

70. Question 15. The profession, trade, occupation, or type of employment carried out during the "reference period" by persons who fall into one of the following categories is recorded:

a) Carry out a paid or unpaid occupation at the time of the census. (Including those who have a secure occupation but who are not working at the time of the census because of a temporary circumstance: e.g. illness, vacation, leave, etc.)

Note: If the person is carrying out two occupations simultaneously at the time of the census: The occupation that the person considers to be the most important or that which earns more income is recorded.

b) Not working at the time of the census but did work during the "reference period", or before, and has looked or is looking for work. (The last occupation is recorded)
p. 35
c) Looking for employment for the first time. (The occupation or trade in which the person desires to work, according to preparation and ability, is recorded).
Other classifications:

71. Line 15 is used to make other annotations that are defined and classified below. These annotations correspond to those who have not carried out any occupation, paid or un-paid, during the "reference period" and who have not looked for and are not looking for work. In parenthesis, under the title of each classification, the corresponding annotation from line 14 is indicated.

Classification: None (Annotation in line 14: - )
Definition: All persons 10-65 years of age who do not practice and have not practiced an occupation during the "reference period". They have not looked for and are not looking for work and do not fall into any of the following categories:

Classification: Minor (Annotation in line 14: - )
Definition: Children 9 years of age or younger who do not attend school.

Classification: Student (Annotation in line 14: - )
Definition: Those whose only and exclusive activity is that of a student in any educational institution

Classification: Domestic duties (Annotation in line 14: - )
Definition: Housewives and their female relatives or guests who do not and have not worked in a paid or un-paid occupation during the "reference period"; e.g. government office, industry, business, etc., or helping her husband or relative in a store, office, etc., or producing, for profit, fabric, embroideries, candy, fried foods in the home.

p. 36

Classification: Rentier (Annotation in line 14: - )
Definition: Those who receive income from interest, rent, royalties, and who live exclusively from this income.

Classification: Retired or pensioner (Annotation in line 14: - )
Definition: Those who have stopped participating in any economic activity and who live exclusively from a pension or retirement.

Classification: Elderly (Annotation in line 14: - )
Definition: Those who are 65 years of age and older and who are unqualified for work and who do not receive interest, retirement, or pension income.

Classification: Disabled (Annotation in line 14: - )
Definition: Those of any age who, because of a physical or mental condition are unqualified to work.

Classification: Prisoner, patient, hospitalized, etc. (Annotation in line 14: - )
Definition: Those who, at the time of the census, live in penal, religious, hospital, mental, charity, etc. institutions. The term that corresponds to each case is recorded: "prisoner", "religious", "inmate", "hospitalized" (those patients in a leprosy clinic, psychiatric clinic, tuberculosis hospital, etc.)

Important: A dash (-) is recorded for questions 16, 17, and 18 for those persons classified in any of the above categories.

How to investigate occupation:

72. In order to record the profession, trade, occupation, or type of work, all of the questions deemed necessary should be asked so that the person’s type of work can be established in a precise manner. A vague answer to this question should not be accepted.

Through adequate questions about the professional training and the real nature of the work, correct information will be collected. E.g. when a very young person claims to be working in a specialized trade (mechanic, electrician, etc.), it is probable that he is just an "apprentice" or "assistant" in this occupation; or when a person who has only completed primary or secondary school claims to be an engineer, chemist, agronomist, etc. when these professions would indicate that the person has completed specialized or university studies. The enumerator should try to discover the truth of such declarations.

Clarifications

a) One who works in public administration is commonly called a "public employee". There is no reason to use this term in the annotation on the census form since every employee of the public administration has an official title. This title should be clearly indicated (typist, file clerk, translator, justice of the peace, accountant, steward, messenger, nurse, paymaster, engineer, doctor, laboratory technician, etc.). Generally, the best description of the occupation is the official title of employment. When this method does not result in a specific answer, all necessary additional questions should be made in order to obtain an appropriate answer.
b) The word "farmer" should not be used to describe every person who works on a farm. This term is used for the owner of the farm or the person who
p. 38
rents the farm and whose only activity, or at least the principal activity, is the cultivation of the earth. For workers in farming operations, the activity is specified: e.g. farm administrator, overseer, blacksmith, cane cutter, coffee harvester. When no specific title is available, the term "agricultural worker" is used for those who work for a daily wage on a farm, whether it be weeding, cutting trees, caring for sown fields (sembradíos), or caring for planted fields, etc. The terms "day laborer" (jornalero) and "peon" (peón) are not used.
c) If the activity carried out by a professional; whether a medical doctor, lawyer, engineer, dentist, agronomist, or pharmacist, does not correspond to the profession, the occupation actually practiced is recorded, even if different from the person’s specialization. If, for example, an engineer or a lawyer is working as a professor, bank manager, or farm administrator, etc., the annotation should be "professor", "bank manager", or "farm administrator".
d) For those serving in the military, police, navy, or other similar institution, the rank held is recorded (e.g. Colonel, Major, Captain, Lieutenant, etc.). For a soldier, police officer, or seaman without rank, the word "ordinary" (raso) is recorded. The name of the institution is not recorded with the rank of Colonel, Major, Captain, etc. This information will fall under the next question, place of work.

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Dominican Republic 1970 — source variable DO1970A_0421 — Usual occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Ask questions 13-16 only of those who answered 1 or 2 in question 12.

16. Habitual occupation. What was the habitual occupation of the enumerated person (the one of longest duration) during the last year?

____ Habitual occupation during the last year
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

11.5.4 Economic characteristics. Questions 12-16 are presented only to those 10 years of age and older. It is also pointed out that questions 13-16 are only presented to those who were classified in either of the first two groups of question 12: "employed" or "unemployed".

e) Question 16. Usual occupation. In developing countries, where specialized work is not the rule, workers frequently change occupations. Because of this, this question refers to the normal occupation carried out by the enumerated person during the last year. Normal occupation is understood to be the occupation held for the longest period of time during the year previous to the census; that is, during 1969.

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Dominican Republic 1981 — source variable DO1981A_0445 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For individuals 10 years of age and older[Applies to questions 51-64.]

61. What is the occupation, job or position that you hold or held in the place where you work or worked?

____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons 10 years of age and older

Question 61: What is your occupation, trade, or job that is, or was, carried out in the workplace?

As in the previous question, ambiguous answers are avoided and a clear description of the work is requested.

The enumerator should not write down "worker", rather "lathe operator", "mason", or "press operator", etc.

The attached page 74 is a guide for recording the occupation.


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Dominican Republic 2002 — source variable DO2002A_0447 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons of 10 years old and more

50. What was the main occupation or task undertaken by [the respondent] during the last week, (or in his/her last job)?

____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For people age 10 or older

Question 50: What was (NAME)'s main occupation, last week (or in his/her last job)?

The main occupation is the job, position or function that a person did during the previous week of the census (or in his/her last job). In the case that the person worked in more than one job, the main occupation is the one that he/she worked most time. If he/she had equal amount of time of two or more jobs, record the one that the interviewee declares as his/her main occupation.

For the recording of occupations or jobs, it is necessary to record them with the best detail as possible, avoiding vague or unnecessary information.

The following lists various examples of the how you should record correctly the information given:

a) A person that works in construction, his/her occupation is that of a CONSTRUCTION WORKER.

b) A person that works selling fruit in the street, his/her occupation is that of a STREET VENDOR OF FRUIT.

c) A person that takes care of cars on the street, his/her occupation is that of a PARKED CAR SECURITY GUARD.

d) A person that teaches at the university, his/her occupation is that of a UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR.

e) A person that finished his/her degree in education and manages a public secondary school, his/her occupation is that of a SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPAL.

f) Similarly, a psychologist that works as a bank teller, his/her occupation is that of a BANK TELLER.

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Dominican Republic 2010 — source variable DO2010A_0466 — Occupation, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or older

52. What was [the respondent]'s main occupation, last week (or in his/her last job)?

____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 52. What was [the respondent]'s main occupation, last week (or in his/her last job)?

This question inquires about the type of work the person currently does, if the informant works or worked in his/her previous job, in the case that he/she is not presently employed, but had worked in the past.

Ask the question exactly as it appears in the survey and then record the answer given by the informant in the corresponding boxes. Remember to fill in the boxes with clear capital letters leaving a box in between words. Do not use abbreviations, accents or commas.

[Page 77]

When the informant gives you a vague or incomplete answer, make sure you ask further questions to determine the specific job or occupation the informant has or had. Make sure the informant gives you the correct name of the job or occupation. In order to help you better understand what the question asks and therefore obtain the accurate information about the occupation of the person being surveyed see the following examples with correct responses and some possible incorrect answers that you should not accept.

Correct Answers:

  • Example 1: If Pedro says that he works as "bank teller", the answer is correct.
  • Example 2: If Maria says that she works as a "supermarket cashier", the answer is correct.
  • Example 3: If Andrés says that he works as an "auto mechanic", the answer is correct.
  • Example 4: If Manuel says that he works as an "industrial mechanic", the answer is correct.
  • Example 5: If Juana says that she works as a "street vendor of clothes", the answer is correct.
  • Example 6: If Pericles says that he works as a "street vendor in a shop", the answer is correct.

Incorrect Answers:

  • Example 1: If Pedro says that he is an "Engineer", the answer is incorrect, because Engineer is not an occupation.
  • Example 2: If Juan says that he is a "Civil Engineer", the answer is incorrect, because Civil Engineer is a PROFESSION, but not an occupation. And question 52 asks about the person's occupation.
  • Example 3: If Maria says that she works as a "public employee", the answer is incorrect, since a State Representative is a public employee and the janitor at the Our Lady of Grace Hospital is also a public employee, in that they both work for the State.
  • Example 4: If Adriano says that he works as a "mechanic", the answer is incorrect, since there are various types of mechanics.
  • Example 5: If Miguel says that he works as a "cashier", the answer is incorrect, since a cashier can work in a diverse number of jobs.
  • Example 6: If Sandra says that she works as a "vendor", the answer is incorrect, since there are many different types of vendors.

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Ecuador 1962 — source variable EC1962A_0427 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Only for those 12 years of age and older
[Applies to items 14 through 18]


X. Economic Characteristics


(16) Occupation

Farmer
Shoemaker
Clerk/scribe
Bricklayer
Mechanic's apprentice
Etc.
____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Column 16: Occupation. Record the type of job that the person being enumerated performs or performed, for those classified in column 15 as employed, unemployed, or seeking work for the first time. In all other cases, draw a horizontal line through to column 18.

For those who stated employed, record the type of job that they do.

For those unemployed, record the last job that they had.

When the person is seeking work for the first time, record the profession or trade of the person being enumerated. If the person doesn't have a profession or trade, record this as "new worker."

Pay special attention to clearly specifying their occupation, indicating the type of work the person performs or performed, for example: carpenter, rancher, washerwoman, cook, typist, cashier, attorney, counter employee, vendor, agricultural day-laborer, construction day-laborer, etc. Avoid general titles such as: manual laborer, unskilled laborer, official employee [these may in fact be two separate entries-employee and official-although there is no comma between them in the original], agent, etc. In the case of apprentices or assistants, record: apprentice in mechanics, blacksmith's apprentice, mason's assistant, etc. If a person has two or more jobs at the same time, indicate the one that produces greater income. If they had two or more jobs simultaneously, record the last job. In the case of members of religious orders, indicate the activity that each of them performs, such as professor, nurse, chauffeur, etc., and when they are dedicated solely to religious activity, write: Priest, Nun (except those who are cloistered and belong to the economically inactive population), Pastor, etc.

[p. 21]

For members of the Armed Forces, record Military, and for civilians working in military settings, the type of occupation that they have: doctor, typist, attorney, chauffeur, mechanic, etc.


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Ecuador 1974 — source variable EC1974A_0417 — Occupation, three digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all individuals 12 years of age and older [Applies to questions 12-15.]

Questions 13 -15 only for those who responded 1, 2, or 3 in question 12.


13. What is the occupation that provided the greatest income in the days from June 3rd to 7th, or what was your last occupation if unemployed? Write with some detail the work performed.

____ [A blank box also appears in the corner of this item.]


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. Economic characteristics for people 12 and older

[Note that this section corresponds to section C. on the enumeration form. There appears to be no section C. in the enumerator's manual, but rather two sections labeled D.]


Question No. 15

[The following directions refer to a graphic representing question 15, "what is the occupation, trade, or profession that provided you with the greatest income the week of the . . . to the . . . of . . . or your last occupation?", in this section of the enumeration form.]

a) If, for the week in question, the person worked or didn't work but had a job, record the occupation, trade, or profession that the person being enumerated reports provided them with the greatest income.

b) If the person being enumerated is unemployed, box 2 [from the previous question], record the last occupation, trade, or profession that provided them with the greatest income.


Make specific notes about occupation. don't accept answers such as manual laborer, office worker, unskilled laborer--investigate exactly what the person does as their occupation.

Below are some examples of incorrect [p. 27] and correct ways of recording occupations:

[The following information appears in a table.]

Incorrect recording: Teacher
Correct recording: High school teacher, university professor, primary school teacher, music teacher, dance teacher

Incorrect recording: Craftsman
Correct recording: Carpenter, cabinetmaker, sawyer, blacksmith, potter

Incorrect recording: Mechanic
Correct recording: Auto mechanic, precision mechanic, railroad mechanic, aviation mechanic, dental technician

[p. 28]

Incorrect recording: Laborer or day-laborer
Correct recording: Bridge worker, construction worker, stevedore or dock worker, car washer, caretaker of vehicles

Incorrect recording: Seller
Correct recording: Department store salesclerk, ticket and fare agent, life insurance salesman, rural paramedics, stock broker

[Note that this question corresponds to question 13 on the enumeration form.]


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Ecuador 1982 — source variable EC1982A_0424 — Occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all individuals 12 years of age and older


Questions 14 - 16 are only for those who answered 1, 2, or 3 in question 13.


14. What is the occupation that provided the greatest income in the days from November 7th to 13th, or what was your last occupation if unemployed?

Write with some detail the work performed.

____ [In addition to the space for the response, a blank, 3-character box also appears in the corner of this item.]


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions 12, 13, 14, 15 and 16 on Economic characteristics should be asked of all people 12 and older.


Question 14. What is the occupation that provided you with the greatest income during the days between the 7th and 13th of November or what was your last occupation if you were unemployed?

This question, as well as numbers 15 and 16, should only be asked of those people who responded with 0, 1, or 2 to question 13.

If the answer that the informant gives is ambiguous or not very clear, ask them to describe in some detail the work that they do and record what they report.

[The information below appears in a table in the original document.]

Incorrect recording: Teacher
Correct recording: Primary school teacher, high school teacher, music teacher

Incorrect recording: Craftsman
Correct recording: Radio technician, carpenter, potter

Incorrect recording: Seller
Correct recording: Pharmaceutical salesman, department store salesclerk, ticket and fare agent, life insurance salesman

Incorrect recording: Laborer, day-laborer or unskilled laborer
Correct recording: Unskilled farm worker, stevedore or dock worker, caretaker of vehicles

Incorrect recording: Mechanic
Correct recording: Auto mechanic, precision mechanic, dental technician

[The following is in the rural manual] Don't record manual laborer, unskilled laborer, mechanic, seller. Insist that the information be more precise, for example: construction worker, unskilled farm worker, milker, etc.


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Ecuador 1990 — source variable EC1990A_0420 — Occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all individuals 8 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 13-18.]


For those who answered 0, 1 or 2 in question 13 and 1 in question 14:
[Applies to questions 15-18.]


15. What was the principal occupation or work during the last week, or your last job if you are unemployed?

[A 3-character blank box also appears in the corner of this item.] ____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 15. What was your principal occupation or work that you did during last week or the last work you did before becoming unemployed?

This question is for all of the persons who answered 0, 1, or 2 in question 13 or 1 in question 14.

Carefully write the nature of the work that the person did; if they had more than one occupation in the week before the census, ask the person who he/she considers most important and write this answer.

When the occupation cannot be written with a precise term, describe the nature of the work. For example: install steering wheel covers, assemble cardboard boxes, etc. Avoid general or ambiguous terms like driver, operator, assistant, writer, professor. Always insist that the person give precise information.

Examples:
Incomplete: Laborer
Complete: Agricultural laborer, Construction laborer, Quarry laborer

Incomplete: Worker
Complete: Construction worker, Carpentry worker, Carpentry assistant

Incomplete: Operator
Complete: Agricultural operator, Construction machinery operator

Incomplete: Engineer
Complete: Civil engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Chemical Engineer

Pay attention to note the occupation and not the profession. It is possible for the occupation and profession to be different, but there are also cases where they are the same. For example: doctors, lawyers, architects, etc. work in their profession. However, there are cases where a doctor is an administrator of a hospital or an architect is the manager of a company.

Observe that in the last two examples, the occupation of the doctor is administrator and the occupation of the architect is manager of a company.

The persons who work in public entities generally declare their occupation to be public employee. Ask that they detail their specific occupation, remembering that in an institution there are varieties of occupations; for example: executive secretaries, concierges, doctors, financial analysts, department directors, statistical investigators, etc.

What was the principal occupation or work that you carried out during the past week or the last time you worked before you became unemployed? For example, elementary school professor, agricultural laborer, food vendor, laundress, etc.)

_____



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Ecuador 2001 — source variable EC2001A_0433 — Occupation, 2 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


20. What was the principal activity or work that you carried out during the past week or the last time you worked before you became unemployed? _____
Examples: elementary school teacher, construction laborer, agricultural day-laborer, food vendor, laundress, install steering wheel covers, hairdresser, dressmaker, domestic servant, etc.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 20.- What was the primary occupation or job that you performed last week or the last job you had if you were unemployed?

[There is a picture of question 20 from this section of the enumeration form.]

This question is for all people who answered question 18 (what did you do last week?) with responses 01 or 02, answered yes (1) to question 19, and those people who looked for work having worked previously (unemployed) and answered no (2) in question 19.

Record in detail the nature of the work that the person performed. If the person did more than one job during the week prior to the census, ask for and record the occupation that the person considers the principal or more important activity.

Occupation: By occupation is meant the different tasks that people perform in their job, regardless of the type of economic activity of the place where they work or the position they have.

[p. 51]

When the occupation cannot be characterized by a definite name, describe the nature of the work. Example: puts on steering wheel covers, assembles cardboard boxes, etc. Avoid very general or ambiguous terms like driver, operator, helper, day laborer, or teacher; always stress that the information should be precise.

Examples:

Incomplete: Unskilled laborer
Complete: Unskilled farm worker, unskilled construction worker, unskilled quarry worker, unskilled freight worker

Incomplete: Laborer
Complete: Construction worker, carpentry worker

Incomplete: Operator
Complete: Farm machine operator, construction equipment operator, optical equipment operator, broadcasting equipment operator

Incomplete: Engineer
Complete: Civil engineer, mechanical engineer, chemical engineer, systems engineer, electrical engineer

Incomplete: Teacher
Complete: Primary school teacher, high school teacher, music teacher, post-secondary teacher

Incomplete: Seller
Complete: Pharmaceutical sales representative, department store salesperson, ticket and fare agent, grocery store clerk

Incomplete: Mechanic
Complete: Airplane motor mechanic, agricultural machinery mechanic

Incomplete: Manager
Complete: Textile industry manager, manager of cased meat marketing

Remember that what should be recorded is the occupation and not the profession. It can happen that the occupation and profession coincide, but there are also cases in which it is not like that. Examples: physicians, attorneys, architects, etc., work in their profession, however, there are cases where a physician is the administrator of a hospital, or an architect is the manager of a company. Note that in the previous examples, the occupation of the doctor is administrator and that of the architect is company manager.

[p. 52]

People who work in public organizations generally state public employee as their occupation. Ask them to describe their specific occupation. Remember that within an institution there is a variety of occupations, such as for example: executive secretaries, superintendents, physicians, financial analysts, departmental directors, statistical researchers, etc.


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Ecuador 2010 — source variable EC2010A_0474 — Occupation (2 digits, ISCO 08)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons five years old and older
[Questions 27 to 33 were asked of all people five years and older.]

In the last week or the last week that he/she worked:
[Questions 29-33 were asked of people who reported some kind of work or looking for work in the last week.]


30. What does [the respondent] do or what is [the respondent] where he/she works or worked?

[Principal occupation] ____
For the use of INEC: Principal occupation _ _ _ _


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


[Section 4]


Step 14: Continue with section 4, information about the population / D: Economic characteristics (annex, pages 41-45)

[A copy of section 4D of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Follow the sequential order of the questions.
  • Remember that the questions are for people 5 years old and older.
  • (A)The week of reference will be Sunday the 21st to Saturday the 27th of November.
  • Question 27 serves to identify people who did some activity for an income or not.
  • (B)Take into account the leaps of questions 27 and 28.
  • Question 29 is written literally, the activity of the business or company in which the interviewed person works or worked.
  • If the informant mentions having more than one job, you should register the one that he/she considers the principal one.
  • Question 30 is written very literally, what does the interviewed person do or what he/she did where he/she works/worked
  • Question 31 indicates the dependency relation that the person has in the place where he/she works.
  • Question 32 registers the total number of worked hours, at his/her principal work, in the past week or the last week that he/she worked.
  • In question 33, register if the activity that the person does is inside or outside the household.
  • If the person does more than one activity, as for example weave wool clothing in the household and leave to sell in the streets; for the registry of question 33 priority will be given to the production, therefore you will mark x in code 1 (within the home).


8. Economic characteristics


Occupation:
Understood by occupation are the different jobs that are carried out by persons in their work (or the one carried out in that occupation which the person carried out previously, if the person is unemployed), whatever be the branch of economic activity of the establishment where he/she works or the occupational position he/she holds.


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Egypt 1986 — source variable EG1986A_0419 — Occupation (3-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Part B: Individual data

Persons six years and over
[Questions 8-11 asked of persons six years and over.]

12. Main occupation ____
[ Question 12 was asked of persons 15 years and over.]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Main occupation: Column number (12)
The person less than (15) years write "under age".
The person (15) years and over and working record the type of his specified occupation or skill regardless the establishment's main economic activity and without mixing between the occupation and job, the occupation of the person must be specified clearly for example, (engineer assistant, the head of the weaving workers, diesel engineer, taxi driver, general surgeon and brain surgeon etc.)
The person (15) years and over and not working write:

His occupation in the previous work if the employment status is unemployed but, previously working
Unemployed if he is newly unemployed (he has no previous work) student, housewife, not willing to work, pensioner, aged not working, unable to work.

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Egypt 1996 — source variable EG1996A_0417 — Occupation, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


12. Main occupation ____
[Question 12 was asked of persons 15 years and over.]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


The main occupation column No.(12)
For the person less than (15) years write "underage"
For the person (15) years and over and working, record the type of work (skill or occupation) that he is specifically practicing, regardless of the main economical activity that the establishment practicing and to avoid mixing between the job and occupation. We can not say an official in a shop but, it is said (seller) or (accountant) with showing the person's occupation distinctly for example (electric engineer assistant, textile foreman, agriculture worker, general doctor, surgeon)

For the person (15) years and over and not working write:
Occupation that he is practicing in his previous work if his employment status is unwilling to work.

(Unemployed): if he is newly unemployed (not previously employed), student, housewives, unwilling to work, retired, aged not working, unable to work


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Egypt 2006 — source variable EG2006A_0432 — Primary occupation, 3-digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 8-14 were asked of persons age 6 and older]


13. Main occupation for persons (in details) ________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Table 1: Household characteristics


14. The primary profession for members

There are 6 squares for this question which should be left blank to be coded by the Information Technology sector.

The enumerator will write the primary profession for the working member in detail (whose answer in the employment status question was from (2) to (7) on the line below the squares, for example: Door and window carpenter, Arabic language teacher, internal medicine doctor, etc.)


Note: The profession is also to be completed on this line for an individual whose employment status is (7), "a worker who became unemployed", based on the last profession the individual was practicing before becoming unemployed.

For members who are younger than 6 years, "below age" must be recorded for them on the line below the squares.

For the rest of the household members who don't work or are unemployed and never have worked before, "not working" must be recorded for them on the line below the squares.



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El Salvador 1992 — source variable SV1992A_0449 — Occupation (3-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

V. Information on members of the household


2. Persons age 10 or older
[Questions 14-21 were asked of persons age 10 or older]


[Questions 16-20 were asked of persons age 10 or older with employment or who performed some other activity, per questions 14 and 15.]


18. What is the occupation, job or position that you hold or held in the establishment?

____
_ _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4.5.4 Persons age 10 or older
These questions numbered 14 to 21 will be asked to those who are age 10 or older, males and females. If the person is younger than 10, the interview will end, canceling the corresponding page.


18. Principal occupation
What is the occupation, job or duty that you perform or performed in your work?

In this question, the name of the occupation or duty should be recorded, performed by the person in the week previous to the first day of the census or the last time that they worked. If the person has more than one job, only the main job should be recorded, considering as such whichever the said person declares as the most important, whether due to prestige awarded, by income received or by the amount of time dedicated.


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El Salvador 2007 — source variable SV2007A_0486 — Occupation (3-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 13-24 are for persons age 10 or older]


21. What is the occupation, job or position which you perform or used to perform at work?

________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 13-24 are for persons age 10 or older. If the person is younger than 10, end the interview and cross out the corresponding page]


Question 21: What is the occupation, job, or position that you perform or used to perform at work?

For this question, write the name of the occupation or job performed by the person during the week prior to the first day of the census or the last time he/she worked in that period. If the person had more than one job only, write the principal job. The principal job is the one that the person considers the most important, either because of the prestige it brings, the money received from the job, or the time dedicated to it.

Write the job as clearly as possible so that there are no difficulties interpreting what the job is. Write in the following order: if it's a professional position, write the profession, the most important task, what he/she does it with and the product.

Below are some examples:

Incorrect way to write
Civil engineer
Engineer
Officer
Guard
Teacher
Machine operator
Operator
Industrial sewer
Supervisor
Business owner
Manager
Quality control

Correct way to write
Building civil engineer
Highway civil engineer
Chemical engineer who makes cleaning products
Police officer
Private security guard
Primary school teacher in a school
High school teacher in a school
Kindergarten teacher
Sewing machine operator in a factory
Operator of a Singer or multipoint sewing machine
Operator of an industrial sewing machine
Sales personnel supervisor
Company president
Administrative manager of the company
Quality control in clothes manufacturing


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Ethiopia 1984 — source variable ET1984A_0431 — Occupation (2-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

34. Occupation

_ _ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 34: What is type of occupation?

This column is filled only for those who have been engaged in productive activities for one day or more in the last seven days prior to the census date, for unemployed with work experience, for employed but have not worked in the last seven days, and for those who have not worked because of off - season. These people have certain kind of occupation and the occupation will be registered in this column. When registering the occupation it has to be registered so that it is easy to identify it. For example writing "medical professional" does not tell the specific type of occupation. Therefore it is important to specifically state the occupation type such as: "Health Assistant", Sanitarian", Nurse", or "Medical Doctor".

[Examples of occupation types are omitted here.]

Some individuals may have more than one occupation. In this case the type of occupation that must be recorded in column 34 is the type among the two or three occupations the individual spent more time in the last seven days.

Only the occupation type is recorded in for the household members and nothing will be entered in card columns 61 - 63.


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Ethiopia 1994 — source variable ET1994A_0420 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section III: Detailed particulars of household members

[Questions 30-32 were asked for person's age 10+ who were engaged in economic activity, unemployed with previous work experience, or had work but did not work in the last 12 months.]

30. What was the main occupation?

____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns 28 - 32: Information on economic activity
The information collected on economic activity status in these columns during the last
12 months include:

a. whether the person was engaged in productive work during the reference period
b. reason for not being engaged in productive work during the reference period (for those who were not so engaged)
d. major types of occupation
d. major product or service of the establishment or industry
e. employment status in the main activity
Column 30 – 32: For those who have been engaged in productive work during most of the last months (column 28 code 1), unemployed with previous work experience (column 29 code 02) and for who had work but did not work during the last 12 months (column 29 code 03).

Column 30: What is (NAME's) occupation?

In this column data is collected only for those who have been engaged in productive work during most of the last months (column 28 code 1), unemployed with previous work experience (column 29 code 02) and for who had work but did not work during the last 1 months (column 29 code 03). The concerned persons either have at least one job or had work in the previous time.

When enquiring is done about the occupation, do not ask the type of products ask the type of wok. For example, for copy typist whether she works in hospital or factory the type of occupation recorded for her is "Typist'. In this column, register the type of occupation in the pace provided, codes are entered at the head office by the census questionnaire editors.

Try to be specific when you register the type of occupation so that no problem will be arises during coding is done for the registered type of occupation. For example, since elementary school teachers and high school teachers have different codes do not write only teacher, write the type of school they are teaching or used to teach. In similar case, trained, skilled and traditional farmers have different occupation codes. In addition, guessing the type of occupation based on the name of organization or institution is not correct. For example, in one mining factory we can find the general manager, executive secretary, chemists, engineers, casher, accountants, surveyors, soil laboratory technicians, machine operators, drivers, daily labourers, etc. and all have different codes. Even for similar work of if the skill of the operator or the type of machine they are operating is different, the code given is different.
Pg 72
On the service trade side also it needs to give due attention when writing the occupation type. For example, cashers, sales clerks, kiosk workers, etc. have different codes.

Sometimes we can face persons who have engaged in more than one type of occupation. In such case, record only one type occupation that the person is spent most of his/her time during the last 12 months.

In order to simplify enumerators' work, the lists of some occupation types are given below. Therefore, the numerators are requested to see the lists in detail before start filling in the answers in the space provided.

[Examples of occupations, pages 73-75 have been removed]


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Fiji 1976 — source variable FJ1976A_0422 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all persons born in 1962 and before


13. Occupation last week

State kind of work done, giving job title if in employment
____



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Fiji 1986 — source variable FJ1986A_0421 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all persons born in 1971 or before
[Questions 14-17 were asked of all persons born in 1971 or before]


15. Occupation

What is the person's occupation?
What kind of work does the person do?
____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


151. Questions 15, 16 and 17 apply to all persons who worked last week -- that is to all persons for whom you have entered "cash work" or "other work". For the rest, leave blank.


Question 15 - Occupation

152. We require an exact description of the kind of work the person did last week. Ask, "What kind of work did this person do last week?"

153. It is sometimes difficult to get an exact answer but you should always aim to provide a two or three word description of the person's job. A vague single word description is not enough. Avoid general terms such as 'manager', 'clerk', 'mechanic', 'foreman', 'teacher', 'operator', or 'laborer'. Record exactly what a person did -- for example, 'sales manager', 'typist clerk', 'motor mechanic', 'foreman, carpenter', 'primary teacher', 'forklift operator', 'stevedore'.

154. You will find it best to speak to the person concerned whenever possible. Members of the household are often vague as to the occupations of others.

155. If the person is employed you may find that you get a more accurate idea of his/her job by asking for the job title and recording that.

156. A person may have done more than one kind of job last week. In such a case you should record his main job -- the one he spends most time at -- that which he usually does.

157. If the person combines paid employment with unpaid work you should record the paid job rather than the unpaid job -- for example, if the person is a bus driver and worked last weekend on his farm he should be entered as 'bus driver' and if the person is a housewife who went to market to sell food she should be entered as 'market food seller'.

158. A person engaged temporarily on the census should state his/her usual occupation. Thus if you are a secondary school teacher and are working as a census supervisor or enumerator, your occupation should be recorded as 'secondary teacher'.

159. Many people may be described generally as 'farmer'. It is particularly important that we know exactly what kind of farmers they are.

160. Farmers in Fiji fall into two main categories. Those who live and farm in Fijian villages on communal land and those who farm outside the Fijian village system.

161. A Fijian living in his/her village, sharing the communal life of the village, who worked in village agriculture last week and who did no other work may be described as 'villager'. Such a person may perform a variety of tasks in growing or gathering produce, hunting, or fishing to feed and clothe his/her family and may sell some produce but is not a commercial farmer.

162. Some Fijian villagers grow crops such as dalo, yaqona, or ginger mainly for sale. Such persons should be described as 'growing dalo' or 'growing yaqona' or as the case may be and not as 'villager'.

163. In describing the occupations of persons who farm outside the Fijian village system you must be precise -- for example, write 'cane farmer', 'rice grower', 'dairyman', or 'poultry farm worker'. Avoid the vague word -- do not write 'farmer' or 'laborer'.

[p. 18]

164. Many of these farmers engage in more than one activity but in describing the work done you should pick out the person's main crop or activity -- the one to which he/she devotes most time -- the one which he/she regards as most important -- the one which is commercial. You will thus be able to describe a person as 'growing coconuts', 'raising cattle', 'market gardening', and so on.

165. The term 'cane farmer' should be used only of the person who owns or leases the land on which the cane is grown. Others working on the farm should be described as 'cane farm workers' unless they do a specific job such as 'cane cutter'. The same distinction should be made between those who own, lease or operate dairy farms, cattle farms, or copra plantations and those who work on them.



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Fiji 1996 — source variable FJ1996A_0428 — Occupation (3 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all persons born in 1981 or before
[Questions D14-D17 were asked of persons born in 1981 or before.]


D15. Occupation
What is person's occupation? Describe the main task usually performed in least 2 words.
______

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Economic activity last week

For all persons born in 1981 or before
138. The next set of questions, D14 to D17, apply to all persons born in 1981 or before. Look back at the year of birth you have entered for each person. For those born 1982-1996 write 'N/A' for question D14[a] and leave the rest of the column [D14-D17] blank.

139. Questions D14-D17 are concerned with how people provide for themselves, how they make their living. It is restricted to persons 15 years of age and over.

140. In the week before census night, almost everyone in Fiji will have done something to provide for himself or herself. It is your job to discover and record what each person did.

141. Ask the questions as they are set out here and on the questionnaire and talk about each member of the household until you understand what he or she did in the way of making a living last week. Make entries on the questionnaire only when you have the picture clear in your mind.


Question D14 - Type of activity last week

142. Question 14[a]
Ask,
Did this person do any work for money last week?

Money work here means:
A wage and salary job.
Business, shop, taxi/carrier business, repair shop
Grow things for sale
Raise animals for sale
Catch fish, collect shells for sale


[p.26]

Provide services for money


You should write 'M' against money work. Include also persons who had a job but were either sick or on leave or did not attend work for some other reason.

For persons who did not work for money last week write 'NO' in this box.


145. For those persons responding with 'M' in D14[a], you should also complete

D14[b] Number of days worked last week.
D14[c] Did the person do any subsistence work as well
D15 Describe the task performed last week.
D16 The type of activity, service or product produced at place of work.
D17 How was the person paid

weekly wages
fortnightly/monthly salary
by sale of crops, livestock
for job done
unpaid family worker


Question D15 - Occupation

149. We require an exact description of the kind of work the person did last week.
Ask,
'What kind of work did this person do last week?'

150. It is sometimes difficult to get an exact answer but you should always aim to provide a two or three word description of the person's job.

[p.32]

A vague single word description is not enough. Avoid general terms such as 'manager', 'clerical', 'mechanic', 'foreman', 'teacher', 'operator', or 'laborer'. Record exactly what a person did - for example, 'sales manager', typist clerk', 'motor mechanic', 'foreman carpenter' 'primary teacher', 'forklift operator', 'stevedore'.

151. Many people may be described generally as 'farmer'. It is particularly important that we know exactly what kind of farmers they are.

Some Fijian villagers grow crops such as dalo, yaqona or ginger mainly for sale. Such persons should be described as 'growing dalo' or 'growing yaqona' or as the case may be.

In describing the occupations of persons who farm outside the Fijian village system you must be precise - for example, write 'cane farmer', 'rice grower', 'dairyman' or 'poultry farm worker'. Avoid the vague word - do not write 'farmer' or 'laborer'.

Many of these farmers engage in more than one activity but in describing the work done you should pick out the person's main crop or activity - the one to which he/she devotes most time - the one which he/she regards as most important - the one which is commercial. You will thus be able to describe a person as 'growing coconuts', 'raising cattle', 'market gardening' and so on.

The term 'cane farmer' should be used only of the person who owns or leases the land on which the cane is grown. Others working on the farm should be described as 'cane farm workers' unless they do a specific job such as 'cane cutter'. The same distinction should be made between those who own, lease or operate dairy farms, cattle farms or copra plantations and those who work on them.


[p.33]

152. You will find it best to speak to the person concerned whenever possible. Members of the household are often vague as to the occupation of others. If the person is in employment you may find that you get a more accurate idea of his/her job by asking for the job title and recording that.

153. A person may have done more than one kind of job last week. In such a case you should record his/her main job - the one he/she spends most time at - that which he/she usually does.

154. If the person combines paid employment with unpaid work you should record the paid job rather than the unpaid job - for example, if the person is a bus driver and worked last weekend on his farm he should be entered as 'bus driver' and if the person is a housewife who went to market to sell food she should be entered as 'market food seller'.

155. A person engaged temporarily on the census should state his/her usual occupation. Thus if you are a secondary school teacher and are working as a census supervisor or enumerator your occupation should be as 'secondary teacher'.


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Fiji 2007 — source variable FJ2007A_0436 — Occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all persons born in 1997 or before
[Questions D19-24.]
(Questions D19-D24 refer to last week)


Questions D20-D23 for money or other compensation workers only.


D20. What is [the person's] occupation?

(Describe main task usually performed)
_ _ _ _



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Fiji 2014 — source variable FJ2014A_0420 — Occupation (1 digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Questions D14-D18 for money or other compensation workers only

[D14] What is this person's occupation? _ _ _ _

Describe main task usually performed.

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France 1962 — source variable FR1962A_0429 — SAPHIR occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Education and professional training

(For all persons born before January 1, 1952)
[Applies to questions 8 - 10]


8. Are you currently a student?

[] Yes. Answer questions 9a, b, and c.
[] No. Go directly to question number 10.

Do not answer "yes" unless you are taking courses from a general educational establishment, either professional or technical, or from a university, for the duration of the school year.

9a. Name and address of the school or university:

____


9b. Nature of the classes you are taking:

____


Examples: primary, modern or classical secondary [secondaire moderne ou classique], technical, higher, 2nd degree agricultural [agricole du 2eme degré], etc.

9c. Designation of your class, section or specialty:

____


Examples: 3rd modern, 4th technical, M.P.C., etc.


Professional Activity

(For all persons born before January 1, 1948)
[Applies to questions 11 - 16]

If you are currently without work and you are looking for work, go directly to question 16.
If you are no longer working, go directly to question 17.


11. Principal Profession. Indicate your current occupation or job.
(even if you are still just an apprentice or if you work helping a family member in his/her occupation.) A woman taking care of only her own household should answer "without profession."

____


Be specific; examples: Cashier accountant, automobile repair mechanic, hot roller [lamineur à chaud], worker in metal carpentry, truck drivers carrying heavy loads, female machinist in production work [mécanicienne en confection], mechanical designer, grain broker, wine grower, horticulturalist, shepherd, etc.


13. Do you practice your declared profession in question 11 as:

[] A paid employee
-- answer questions 14a, b and c and question 15)

[] Someone who works out of his/her home
[] An apprentice under contract
-- [If you checked either of the two above options,] skip to question 15

[] Landowning farmer, farmer, tenant farmer
[] Professional
[] Employer or independent worker: craftsman, shop-keeper, etc. (working independently, including managers who are majority shareholders of S.A.R.L. [gérants majoritaires de S.A.R.L] and persons working strictly on commission).
-- [If you check any of the three above options,] skip to question 15 and answer:

Do you have paid employees (do not count paid household help. In agriculture, count only permanent paid employees)
[] yes. How many? ____
[] no


17. For persons who no longer work.

Retired from public service, retired executives/managers, workers who have reached the age of retirement, persons no longer working in business, etc.

What was your principal occupation? ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 11 through 17 The questions on professional activity are especially important. You should check carefully to make sure they are filled out carefully
Question 11: This question is of capital importance. It is impossible to be too specific in this category.
Read carefully the following explanations and the examples given on the individual report [bulletin individuel], as well as the following list:
Examples of inadequate answers which should not be accepted under any circumstance and comments
1. Answers which are inadequate because they are not specific enough:

Employee
Worker
Engineer

Indicate exactly the occupation of the person in question. For example: department- store salesperson, metal turner, chemical engineer.

Civil Servant
Railroad employee
Gas company worker

Specify the rank or job of civil servants and employees of public services. For example: accounting and order clerk, combined- use railroad agent [facteur mixte S.N.C.F.].

Shopkeeper
Manufacturer
Craftsman
Administrator

Answer in this way, for example: retail grocer, automobile repair mechanic, director of a noodle factory.

2. Answers which are inadequate because they are incomplete:

O.S.2.
O.P.
Qualified laborer
Team leader
Foreman

The above indicate the professional rank, but do not give the individual occupation.

[p.25]
Question 12 - Unpaid workers who help another person in his/her job
It may sometime happen that certain persons - above all, women - work helping another person in his/her job without receiving any pay for their work. These persons should answer "yes" to question 12, even if they only work as such on a part- time basis.
This question concerns, for example, the wife of a farmer who participates in farm work, or the wife or daughter of a shopkeeper who spends a few hours a day at the shop as a salesperson or at the cash register.
Question 13 - Household employee. This category is not intended for persons who are self- employed and work at home (craftsmen, seamstresses, milliners). It applies only to persons who work at home, often on a piecework basis, for an industrial or commercial establishment which pays them on this basis. Such is the case, for example, of certain designers for fashion magazines, persons who work for design houses, etc.
If these persons have several employers at the same time, indicate in question 15 which is their principal employer.

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France 1968 — source variable FR1968A_0439 — SAPHIR occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Education and professional formation (for all persons born before January 1st, 1962)
[Applies to questions 8 - 11]


8. Are you currently a student?

[] Yes (Answer question 9)
[] No (Answer questions 10 and 11)

Do not answer "yes" unless you are taking classes (including professional or technical classes) or at the university for the normal duration of the school year.
If you are apprenticed under contract, if you are not taking any classes except for some professional classes part-time, or classes by correspondence for perfecting your skills, seasonal agricultural classes, etc. answer "no".


Professional activity (for all persons born before January 1st, 1954)
[Applies to questions 12- 18]


18. If you don't work anymore:

(You are, for example, retired from public service, a retired executive, old retired worker, former farmer, retired from business, etc.)
What is your main profession? ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 12: Main profession.
Attentively read the explanations and the examples given on the individual forms, as well as the instructions hereafter.
Examples of bad answers not to accept in any situation [left column] / Comments [right column]
1) Bad answers because they aren't specific enough.
Employee, worker, building worker, engineer, executive, director / Indicate exactly the job of the person concerned, for example: salesperson at a department store, bank employee, lathe operator, chemical engineer, plasterer, expert forester, business director.
Government employee, SNCF employee, EDF employee / For government employees and public service employees, specify the rank or the job, for example: representative of the prefecture, clerk of the PTT, second class stationmaster, driver of a diesel locomotive, EDF dispatcher.
Merchant, industrialist, farmer, entrepreneur, craftsman, administrator / Answer, for example: retail grocer, wholesaler in pharmaceutical products, masonry entrepreneur, residential building director, movie theater employee
2) Bad answers because they are incomplete.
O.S., O.P., Qualified worker, team leader, foreman / these labels indicate the situation in the professional hierarchy, but do not give any information on the individual profession of the person concerned. On the other hand, the following answers are satisfactory:
O.S. (specialized worker) in rope or yarn winding, textile mill foreman

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France 1975 — source variable FR1975A_0441 — SAPHIR occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all people 16 years of age or older
[Applies to questions 8 -18]


13. Do you practice your main declared profession as:

[] 2 Farmer
[] 3 Member of a free-market profession
[] 4 Employer or self-employed worker: artisan, merchant, industrial worker, etc. (working for yourself, including managers of the S.A.R.L [Société à responsabilité limitée] and people not working except on commission)
[] 5 Working at home for yourself for one (or more) companies
[] 6 Apprenticed under contract
[] 7 Paid


14. For paid workers:

a. If you are a worker, specify the qualification of your current job:

[] 1 Unskilled or specialized laborer
[] 2 Specialized worker (OS1, OS2)
[] 3 Skilled worker or highly qualified (P1, P2, P3...)


b. If you are a state employee, from a local city or a public service (E.D.F. Electricité de France, S.N.C.F, Société nationale des chemins de fer etc.) or military by career, specify your rank:
Examples: principal administration agent, administrative secretary, stationmaster of the second class, etc.
____

c. If you are in a different situation, specify your hierarchical position:
Examples: supervisor, head farmer, head of a department store, business director, etc.
____


17. If you are currently without work and if you are looking for some:

a. For how long have you been looking for work?

[] 1 less than 3 months
[] 2 3 to less than 6 months
[] 3 6 months to less than a year
[] 4 one year or more


b. Have you already worked?

[] Yes
[] No


c. What is your career? ____


18. If you do not work anymore:

(You are, for example, retired from public service, a retired worker, retired executive, former farmer, retired from business, etc.)

What was your principal profession? ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 8 - 18 are for persons age 16 or older]


Question 13: Professional status.
Category 5: "Worker at home for a total of one or more businesses" does not allow for people who work at their home for their own business (artisans, sewers, stylists). This category applies on the other hand to people who do work at their home, often as they will, for the affairs of an industrial or commercial establishment who reimburses them for this. Such is the case, for example of some newspapers designers, of people working for clothing industries or performing secretarial work for the affairs of some administrations, etc.
Paid managers should check box 7 even when they are partially reimbursed in the form of commiseration.


Question 14: Certification
Make sure that the people who have declared to be salaried on question 13 specify their certification, rank or hierarchical position on questions 14a, 14b or 14c, according to the situation.


Question 17: The case of the unemployed and those who are looking for work.
This question concerns all people having or having not already worked, who fulfill the following conditions simultaneously:
a) do not have a job:
b) are actively looking for work.
Do not apply to these people the label "unemployed" which is sometimes judged offensive and which has a slightly different connotation.


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France 1982 — source variable FR1982A_0454 — SAPHIR occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons aged 14 or older

If have practice a professional activity, answer questions 12 through 15,
Including: If you help a family member at work, even if part time
If you are an apprentice under contract or a paid intern

If you are not currently practice a professional activity or if you are unemployed: answer question 16.


12.

a. Indicate your current profession or trade.
Be specific. For example: electrical maintenance worker, over-the-road truck driver, draftsman in electrical studies, chemical engineer, household appliance salesman, bookkeeper, etc.
____

b. Do you help a member of your family in his or her work?
Farm work, work as a craftsman; business, liberal profession; etc.

[] 1 Yes
[] 0 No


16. If you do not actually practice any professional activity, or if you are unemployed:

a. Are you:

[] 1 A mother or housewife
[] 2 Retired (non age-related) from business (former shop keeper, former farmer, etc.)
If you checked box 1 or 2, indicate your previous professions: ____
[] 3 High school or college/university student
[] 4 Unemployed
[] 5 If other, please indicate: ____


b. Are you currently seeking work?

[] 1 Yes

Have you ever worked?
[] 1 Yes
[] 0 No

[] 0 No


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France 1990 — source variable FR1990A_0453 — Saphir occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Questions 8 through 21 are only for those people 14 years old or more


If you work, go to the back of the page (questions 12 to 21)
Includes:

If you are on sick leave or maternity leave
If you help a member of your family in his or her work without pay
If you are apprenticed under contract, a paid intern (TUC, SIVP..), etc.


If you do not work (or do not work anymore), answer questions 9-11


9. Are you?

[] 1 High school student, university student, volunteer intern
[] 2 Unemployed (enrolled or not with the ANPE [Agence nationale pour l'emploi - National agency for unemployment])
[] 3 Retired (formerly paid) or retired early
[] 4 Retired from business (former farmer, former artist, former merchant)
[] 5 Housewife
[] 6 Other (not active at this time) (including people not receiving anything but a reversion benefit)


10. Have you already worked?

[] 1 Yes -- What was your main profession?
____
[] 2 No


12. Profession currently practiced

Be very specific. Examples; an electrical maintenance worker, a driver of heavy loads, a vendor of household appliances, a chemical engineer, self-service cashier, etc.
____


Questions 19 to 21 are only addressed to people who are paid and to paid interns


20. Indicate the professional description of your current job

[] 1 Unskilled worker (OS1, OS2, OS3, [Ouvrier spécialisé] etc)
[] 2 Qualified worker or highly qualified (P1, P2, P3, TA, OQ [Ouvrier qualifié], etc)
[] 3 Supervisor over workers, administrative or commercial supervisor
[] 4 Supervisor over technicians or other supervisors
[] 5 Technician, designer, VRP [Vendeurs représentants placiers - Sales representative] (not an executive)
[] 6 Lecturer, assistant, social worker, nurse, and personnel of category B of civil service
[] 7 Engineer or executive (the employees, technicians, supervisors not having the status of executive should not classify themselves here even if they subscribe to an executive pension fund)
[] 8 Professor and personnel in category A of civil service
[] 9 Office employee, business employee, service agent, nurse's aid, day-care worker, personnel from category C or D of civil service
[] 0 Other situation. _____ Specify.


21. What are your main duties?

[] 1 Production, manufacturing, construction
[] 2 Installation, maintenance, regulating, repair
[] 3 Cleaning, gardening, household work
[] 4 Handling, warehousing, transportation
[] 5 Secretarial, typist, ticket booth, switchboard
[] 6 Management, accounting, administrative functions
[] 7 Business, sales, technical sales
[] 8 Research, studies, methods, computer science
[] 9 General director or one his or her direct assistants
[] 0 Other situation ____ Specify (teaching, health, news, etc):


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France 1999 — source variable FR1999A_0436 — Occupation, ISCO
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 15-21 were asked of persons who work per question 11.]


15. Profession currently practiced ____

Be specific (ex. robotics maintenance electrician, insurance accountant, chemical technician, etc.)
If you are an agent of public services for the state or cities (including HLMs, public hospitals), specify your rank (organization, category) ____


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France 2006 — source variable FR2006A_0451 — Detailed profession (4-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[6. The rest of the questionnaire is for persons age 14 or older.]


8. What is your legal marital status?

[] 1 Single (never been legally married)
[] 2 Married (or separated, but not divorced)
[] 3 Widowed
[] 4 Divorced


19. What does this company do?

Be very specific. (For example, "Automobile repair". If it is a farm, specify the type of production (grapes, poultry, etc.).

___________________________

28. In your job, are you a/an:

[] 1 Unskilled worker, a semi-skilled worker
[] 2 Skilled or highly skilled worker, workshop technician [technician d'atelier]
[] 3 Technician/engineer (non-executive)
[] 4 Category B civil service employee
[] 5 Supervisor, commercial or administrative supervisor, salesperson
[] 6 Category A civil service employee
[] 7 Engineer, executive
[] 8 Category C or D civil service employee
[] 9 Employee (for example: in an office, salespeople/clerks, in a restaurant or house)

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France 2011 — source variable FR2011A_0450 — Profession, 486 categories
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

6) The following portion of the questionnaire is for individuals age 14 or older.

17) The rest of the questionnaire is for individuals who are currently working.
If you have several jobs, describe your main job in questions 18 to 30.

18) What is the name of the establishment which employs you or of which you are in charge?
If you are a temporary worker, specify the name of the establishment where you work. If you are self-employed, record the name of the company or your name.


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Germany 1970 — source variable DE1970A_0443 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For economically active persons (also self-employed, farmers, family workers)
[Questions 24-26 were asked of economically active persons]


24. Kind of activity pursued?

a) Occupation (for officials, state title) ____

b) Description in condensed form (operation, material or commodity etc. handled) ____



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Germany 1981 — source variable DE1981A_0438 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Fill out questions 11-13 for employed persons only (not apprentices).


12. Job held at the place of work: ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Directions for filling out the person census list


Regarding questions 11 to 13:
For mothers that are currently on leave due to the birth of a child, questions 11 to 13 should still be answered. In question 12, "leave" should be entered in addition to the job held.


Question 12: Job held at the place of work
The job held should be stated as detailed as possible. For example:

Not "worker", rather "warehouseman, transport worker"
Not "brigadier", rather "construction brigadier"
Not "master craftsman", rather "master craftsman for plant production"


Employees in administrations and institutions state their official position.


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Germany 1987 — source variable DE1987A_0431 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Question 17: What kind of activity, occupation, or profession do you perform?
Do not enter here the completed level of vocational education/training or the rank of your position, but rather state as precisely as possible the actual occupation performed or the activity pursued at present -- e.g., building mechanic (not mechanic), heating fitter (not fitter), long-distance truck driver (not driver), balance clerk or machine accountant (not bookkeeper), electrical engineer (not engineer), pediatrician (not doctor), short hand typist (not employee), post office clerk (not civil servant), soldier doing basic military services, professional soldier, soldier on a temporary basis (not soldier). Persons doing civilian alternative service please indicate "civilian service". Apprentices should enter the profession/occupation they are trained in.


For economically active persons
[Questions 15-18 were asked of economically active persons.]


17. What kind of activity, occupation/profession do you perform? ________


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Ghana 1984 — source variable GH1984A_0412 — Occupation, 2 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Answer only for the employed (including those with jobs who did not work) and the unemployed
[Questions 9-11 were asked of employed and unemployed persons age 10 and older]

9. Occupation ________

If employed, what kind of work did you do? (for unemployed, last kind of work)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

8. Economic characteristics.

Questions 8, 9, 10 and 11 are restricted to persons aged 10 years and over.

9. If employed (i.e. worked or had job but did not work) what kind of work did you do? For unemployed, last kind of work.

Note that this question should be asked only of the employed and the unemployed.

For the unemployed we are interested in the last kind of work the person did before he became unemployed. For example if he was an accounts clerk before he became unemployed you have to write in the space provided "accounts clerk". However there are certain unemployed who have never worked before, e.g. students or vocational trainees who have just finished school or completed their period of training and who are actively looking for a job. For such persons write down in column 9 "new workers seeking employment".

Note that you should write down what work the respondent actually did daring the seven days preceding census night and not what he is trained to do or what he used to do. For instance, if the respondent has been trained as a lorry driver but actually worked as road labourer during the 7 days preceding census night, you should write down road laborer.

pg. 57

Remember to write down a detailed and exact description of the work the respondent actually did. For example, the term labourer is too vague. Hence, be more precise by indicating whether the person was office cleaner, building labourer, gardener, farm labourer, three feller, etc.

Avoid other vague terms like businessman, petty trader, malam, trader, manager, civil servant, engineer which cover several groups of persons occupying different grades and doing different kinds of work.

Therefore, always specify the exact work done by the respondent. For instance you should give the following information about teachers and engineers.

For teachers, specify the following groups:

University Lecturer
Teacher-Training tutor
Secondary School teacher
Commercial School teacher
Technical School teacher
Middle School teacher
Primary School teacher
Day-nursery teacher
Specialist teacher (Physical Education)
Teacher of deaf, blind, mentally retarded children, etc.

For engineer you should specify the type of engineer the respondent is, e.g:

Aeronautical Engineer
Civil Engineer
Electrical Engineer
Electronic Engineer
Hydraulic Engineer
Mechanical Engineer
Mining Engineer
Nautical Engineer, etc.

For members of the armed forces (i.e., army, air force and navy) you should go into greater detail to find out the actual rank and the occupational specialization of the person. A soldier may be a motor vehicle driver, tailor, wireless operator, fitter, gunner, staff nurse, etc. Similarly you should not take an officer for an answer but inquire for further details. The officer may be a teacher, an electrical engineer, a medical officer, a pilot. Soldiers and officers not having a particular trade or occupation should be entered as soldier (private), soldier (corporal), soldier (lieutenant), etc.

pg. 58

You should also distinguish between the following:

(a) Food seller
(b) Food maker
(c) Food seller and maker

Note that whenever you specify a seller or maker of a particular commodity which is only understood in the area concerned you should also write in brackets after it whether that commodity is food, drink, etc. For instance, you may write seller of aheyi (non-alcoholic drink), maker of tubani (food).


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Ghana 2000 — source variable GH2000A_0424 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


P13 Type of activity: For P13 to P17; answer only for ages 7 years or older. The answer should refer to the 7 days before census night:


[P14-P17 were asked of persons who did not work for pay or profit or family gain and P13b=1 or 2.]


P14 Occupation: Answer for the employed (i.e. if P13a = yes) and those who have jobs but did not work (ie if P13b = 1) and unemployed (i.e. P13b = 2)

What kind of work did (name) do? For unemployed, last kind of work. Describe work, and refer to appendix 5, and 5a for code list

Description ________

Mark the box with X in the column to make up your code.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

P13 Type of activity: questions are to be asked of only persons aged 7 years or older; and refer to the seven days before census night


P14: Occupation-"Answer for the employed (i.e. P13a=Yes) and (those who had jobs but did not work) (i.e. 13b=1) and unemployed (i.e. P13b = 2) What kind of work did (name) do? For unemployed, last kind of work. Describe work and refer to appendix 5 for code list.

Note that this question must be asked only of the employed and the unemployed.

For the unemployed, we are interested in the last kind of work the person did before he/she became unemployed. For example, if he/she was an Accounts Clerk before he/she became unemployed you have to write in the space provided "Accounts Clerk". However, there are certain unemployed who have never worked before, e.g. students or vocational trainees who have just finished school or completed their period of training and who are actively looking for a job. For such persons write in the space provided "Now seeking employment" and code according to appendix.

Note that for the employed you must write down what work the respondent actually did during the seven days preceding Census Night and not what he/she is trained to do or what he/she used to do. For instance, if the respondent has been trained as a lorry driver but actually worked as construction labourer during the 7 days preceding Census Night, you must write down construction labourer.

Remember to write down a detailed and exact description of the work the respondent actually did. For example, the term labourer is too vague. Hence, be more precise by indicating whether the person was office cleaner, building labourer, gardener, farm labourer, tree feller, etc.

Avoid other vague terms like businessman, operator, officer, civil servant, which cover several groups of persons occupying different grades and doing different kinds of work. Therefore, always specify the exact work done by the respondent. For occupations like teaching and engineering, specify the type (primary school teacher, university teacher and civil engineer, mining engineer).


For members of the Armed Forces (i.e., Army, Air Force and Navy) you must go into greater detail to find out the actual rank and the occupational specialisation of the person. A soldier may be a motor vehicle driver, tailor, wireless operator, mechanic, gunner, staff nurse, etc. Similarly, you must not take an officer for an answer but inquire for further details. The officer may be a teacher, an electrical engineer, a medical officer, a pilot, etc. Soldiers and officers not having a particular trade or occupation must be entered as soldier (private), soldier (corporal), soldier (lieutenant), etc.

You must also distinguish between the following:
a. Food seller
b. Food maker
c. Food maker and seller.


Note that whenever you specify a seller or maker of a particular commodity which is only understood in the area concerned you must also write in brackets after it whether that commodity is food, drink, etc. For instance, you may write seller of aheyi (non-alcoholic drink), maker of tubani or wakye (food).

After you have specified or written the type of work the person did 7 days before Census Night, or the last kind of work for those unemployed, code according to appendix.


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Ghana 2010 — source variable GH2010A_0420 — Occupation (major groups)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions P00-P20 were asked for persons in both the household and non-household populations.]

Economic activity -- P13-P17: Should be related to the past 7 days preceding census night

[P13 to P17 were asked of all persons age 5 years or older.]

[Questions P14-P17 were asked of persons age 5 or older who were engaged in an activity for pay in the 7 days prior to the census (per question P13a) or had worked before and were seeking work or had been engaged in voluntary work without pay in the 7 days prior to the census (per question P13b).]

P14. Occupation

If yes in P13a; ask: what kind of work did [the respondent] mainly do?
If P13b=1, ask: what kind of work did [the respondent] do before the break period?
If P13b=2 or 4, ask: what kind of work did [the respondent] do previously?

Detailed description of occupation ________

Occupation code _ _ _ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic activity (P13 - P17)

Economic activity questions cover P13a, P13b, P13c, P14, P15, P15a, P16 and P17. All these questions should be related to the period of 7 days preceding Census Night. They should be asked only for persons aged 5 years and older.

P14. Occupation

If yes in P13a, ask: What kind of work did [name] mainly do?
If P13b = 1, ask: What kind of work did [name] do before the break period?
If P13b = 2 or 4, ask: What kind of work did [name] do previously?

This question should be asked of persons who answered:

a. Yes in P13a,
b. Did not work, but had job to go back to (1 in P13b) and,
c. Worked before, seeking for work and available for work (2 in P13b).

For those who worked (i.e. 1 in P13a) you should record the work they did. For those who did not work but had job to go back to (i.e. 1 in P13b), you should write the job they will to back to after the period of absence.

For respondents who had worked before and were seeking for work and available for work, (i.e. 2 in P13b), you should record the last work they did before becoming unemployed.

For the employed (i.e. yes in P13a), write down the work the respondent actually did during the period of seven days preceding Census Night. For example, if the respondent has been trained as a lorry driver but actually worked as a construction laborer during the 7 days preceding Census Night, you must write down construction laborer.

In recording the occupation of the respondent, record detailed and exact description of the work the respondent actually did. The term laborer, for example is too vague. You should be more specific by indicating whether the person was an office cleaner, a construction laborer, a gardener, a farm laborer, etc.

  • In the same way designations like businessman, operator, civil servant, teacher, are too vague. They cover several groups of persons occupying different grades and doing different kinds of work. For example 'a businessman' may be a retail trader in spare parts or textiles or office machines. An 'operator' may be forklift operator, crane operator, or drilling machine operator. In the same way a civil servant may be chief director or an executive officer. A teacher may be a primary school teacher, a JHS teacher or an SHS teacher.
  • For those who sell items they themselves prepare e.g. kenkey, aboloo, fried fish, etc., you should indicate this by recording "kenkey maker and seller".
  • For those who sell food we would like to know whether they are street food sellers (i.e. selling food (cooked or uncooked on the street), food seller in the market or food counter attendant.

Note that whenever you specify a seller or maker of a particular commodity which is only known in a few areas, you must also write in brackets whether that commodity is food, drink, etc. For instance, you may write seller of Aheyi (non-alcoholic corn drink), maker of Tubani or Wakye (food).

It is also important to distinguish between persons who carry out their work by hand and those who operate machines which do the same type of work. The following are examples of such occupations:

a. Bread making by hand and bread production machine operator,
b. Labeler by hand and labeling machine operator, and
c. Launderer, hand and laundry machine operator.

These distinctions are necessary because these two groups belong to different major occupational groups.

For members of the armed forces (i.e., army, air force and navy), you must go into greater detail to find out their ranks, i.e.

a. Commissioned officers e.g. air commodore, air marshal, brigadier, captain, major, officer cadet, navy commander, wing commander.
b. Non-commissioned officers e.g. boatswain (navy), flight sergeant, sergeant (army), warrant officer, etc.
c. Armed forces occupations, other ranks such as airman, bombardier, infantry/man/woman, gunner, etc.

However, for civilians working at the Ministry of Defense or any other military installations, record in detail work done, e.g. private secretary, office cleaner, administrative officer, etc.

For officers working in the Police Service, Enumerators should also provide the rank of each police man/woman e.g. constable, corporal, sergeant, superintendent, etc. as the various ranks are classified differently.


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Greece 1971 — source variable GR1971A_0416 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


The following questions 13-24 should only be completed for persons born in 1960 or earlier.


The following questions (17-20) refer to the person's occupation during the previous week (7-13 March 1971), regardless of whether or not the person usually works.


If he/she worked during the previous week (questions 17-19):


___ _ _ _ 18. a) What type of work was he/she doing?

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 17-20 refer to the person's occupation during the previous week (7-13 March 1971) regardless of whether they usually work or not]

Questions 18, Type of work and establishment of work [omitted]
Question 19, Occupational status [omitted]
Question 20, Reason for not working [omitted]


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Greece 1981 — source variable GR1981A_0415 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


The following questions should be answered only by persons born in 1970 or earlier.


Occupation [Questions 11 to 14]


12. If he/she was working or seeking work (answer 1 or 2 in question 11) Answers to questions a and b must be specific. For question c, put an X in the appropriate space. If the person was seeking his or her first job, write "new worker" for questions a and b, and do not answer question c.

___ _ _ _ a) What type of work are they doing (or were they doing, the last time they worked)?

___ _ _ _ b) In what type of establishment, enterprise, farm, service, etc. do they work (or did they work, the last time they worked)?

c) What is their occupational status in this job (or in the last job that they held)?

[] 1 Employer
[] 2 Self-employed
[] 3 Assistant in the family business or farm
[] 4 Employee or wage-earner


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions 10-15 should only be completed for persons born in 1970 or before


186. If the respondent is working or seeking work then he has to answer the following questions:

[Omitted, a), b) and c) as in the form]

187. The type of work he is or was doing the last time he worked must be very clear so as to be coded according to the occupational codes.

If his answer is general or vague, e.g. "technician", "employee" or "merchant" or "public servant", more questions are needed so as to clarify e.g. "what kind of technician', "what kind of employee", "what kind of trade, whole sale or retail" etc.

[Bottom of p. 60 and p. 61 omitted]

[p. 62]

190. Question (b) "what is the type of establishment, enterprise, agricultural land, service etc. he works (or was the last time he worked)" refers to the type of economic activity (industry branch) of the establishment, enterprise etc. the enumerated is working or if he is seeking work to the establishment, enterprise etc. he was working last. If seeking work for the first time as before "young" will be recorded.

191. The answer to this question must not be general or vague as e.g. "shop" or "factory" or "company" but must clarify the economic activity of the establishment or service he is working (or was working last). [Examples omitted]

[p. 63 omitted]

[p. 64]

194. Question (c) "occupational status" the enumerated must answer whether he is (or was) employer, self-employed, assistant in the family business or agricultural land, or employee or wage earner.

These categories are clarified as following:

i) Employer is considered the owner of the establishment (either by himself or with partners) and is employing salaried or wage earning staff.
ii) Self-employed is the one that works in his own work without employing salaried or wage earning staff apart maybe a member of his family as unpaid assistant.
iii) Assistant in the family business or agricultural land is the family member working in the family business or agricultural land without pay, except his livelihood, within the time limits defined in paragraph 181.
iv) Employee or wage earner is the person who for his work is having a salary or a day's wage or by contract or percentage on the sales.


195. The employee or wage earner that works on contract but has the materials or is working with percentages on the profits is not to be considered as employee or wage earner. In these cases, he will be considered as employer (if he employs staff) or self-employed (if not employing staff).


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Greece 1991 — source variable GR1991A_0420 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


The following questions should only be completed for persons born in 1980 or earlier.


16. For those that answered 1 or 2 in question 15 (i.e., those who were working or were looking for work during the previous week) must describe:
a. The type of work they were doing the previous week (or did the last time they worked) question a1.)

and their activities, obligations, or duties in this work (question a2.).
___ a1. Type of work
___ _ _ _ a2. What were their activities, duties or obligations in this work?

___ _ _ _ b. In what type of establishment, enterprise, service, etc. did they work during the previous week (or during the last time they worked)?


c. Their class of work in this job (or in the job in which they last worked).
-Answers to questions a1 and b must be specific. For example, for an employee who worked as a salesman in a shoe store during the previous week (or during the last job), the answer should be written as follows: for question a1: "Occupation: shoe salesman"; for question b: "Establishment: shoe store." For question a2, the person's duties, obligations, or activities in this job must be described in detail.
-If, during the previous week, they were seeking work for the first time: write "NEW WORKER" in questions a1, a2, and b, and do not answer question c.
-Do not fill in the three spaces supplied for subsequent coding.
[] 1 Employer
[] 2 Self-employed
[] 3 Employee or wage-earner
[] 4 Assistant in the family business or family farm


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions (12-25) were answered only by individuals born in 1980 or before.

12. Level of education
[As in the form, omitted]

13.
[As in the form, omitted]

The question was clear and without problems. In the case of graduates of a foreign educational institution the code of the respective Greek educational institution was checked.


16. For the individuals having answered that they were working or seeking work describe the type of work, the type of the establishment, enterprise etc., as well as their occupational status.

The type of work referred to the enumerated individual's occupation or of that he/she worked last. For those that were seeking work for the first time it was entered the word "young". The coding of the occupation was based on the 3 digits ISCO 68 [88?].

The type of establishment, enterprise etc. referred to the type of economic activity (industry branch) of the establishment where the enumerated individual was working or for those that were seeking work, of that they worked last. For those that were seeking work for the first time it was entered the word "young".

For the coding of the economic activity STAKOD was used, based on the 3 digits NACE Revision 1.

For their occupational status [answers as in the form, omitted].


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Greece 2001 — source variable GR2001A_0424 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Questions 15-26 below should only be completed for persons born in 1990 or earlier


18a. What is your current occupation (or what was your occupation the last time you worked)?
(Answer only if the response to question 16 was 1 or 2, i.e., "Working" or "Looking for Work.")
Give a full description (e.g., Assistant Accountant)
___

18b. What are your main duties and responsibilities at this job (or what were your main duties and responsibilities at your last job)?
(e.g., book-keeping)
___


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Greece 2011 — source variable GR2011A_0422 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 14 through 16 were asked of all persons that are currently working or seeking work]

14. In what type of establishment, enterprise etc., did you work during the previous week or the last time you worked?

Give a full description (example, wool mill) ____

15. What is or was you profession (job) the last time you worked?

Give a full description (example, assistant accountant) ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 15 "What is or was your profession the last time you worked?" (Cases 1 or 2 of question 13.)
The question refers to the occupation of the enumerated individual who is working or if he is seeking work to his occupation at his last job, i.e. from the one he left, was dismissed etc.
The description of the type of work he/she does or did the last time the individual worked, these answers must be cleared to allow for the classification of population under the vocational code of ELSTAT. If the answer the individual provides is vague for e.g. craftsman, employee, merchant or public official, the enumerator should ask further questions for clarification such as, “What kind of employee, what kind of trader etc.
We present below some examples of satisfactory answers for different categories of workers:
• A farmer who works in different crops, tree or other, e.g. cereals, vegetables, fruit trees, cotton, etc., will be declared "polykalliergitis" while farmers engaged in crop production of mainly one species, e.g. cereal, will respond, "cereal grower" etc.
• The farmer, depending on the animal breeding, will say: "Cattle", "sheep", etc.
• The farm artisan will say: "driver or agricultural machine operator", "pruner", "bolia-facturer ',' comb pickers' etc.
• The employees of industrial or commercial enterprises, depending on the work that everyone does in the company, will answer: business manager, purchasing supervisor, sales supervisor, cashier, accountant [if going to graduate High School], assistant accountant [non graduates], typist, accounting clerk, salesman, janitor, elevator operator etc.
• Teachers should respond: teacher, secondary school teacher, teacher of colleges, teacher pro- nepistimiou, teacher of special education, teaching staff, tutoring or private technical schools etc.
• Civil servants must declare, in particular, the tasks performed and their specialty and, degree holding the service. Practitioners managers will determine whether they head productive or support positions, e.g. "Statistician", "economist" "agronomist", "veterinarian", "pocies engineer"," typist ","clerk"," driver"," the programmer / PC "," electronic pilot sub- accountants' etc. The term "civil servant" is quite vague.
• Chemical workers will indicate the one who deals with chemistry or in the laboratory, or as chemical chromatography, works with chemicals, chemical fertilizers, etc.
• The merchant navy officers will declare, as appropriate, "deck officer" or "officer engineer Nick.”
• Fishermen will indicate "sea fisherman" or "angler fish farm" or "lake" or "river".
• Workers in mines and quarries, as the work they do , will declare 'scrap and operator of engine "," ore separator "etc.
• Employees in metallurgy, depending on the work they do within the company, will answer "operator of roll ',' operator of furnace melting "," smelter "etc.
• Workers in the textile industry will respond according to the work they do, "spun", "spinner", "weaver" etc.
• Workers in food production will reply "miller", "operator crushed beet machines" "Slayer - skinned", "meat chopper", "canning" etc.
• Employees in manufacturing men's and women's apparel and footwear will respond, as appropriate, "Tailor", "seamstress", "fur", "cutter" etc.
• The permanent officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers will state "military".
[p. 26]

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Guatemala 1964 — source variable GT1964A_0428 — Occupation (3-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Educational and occupational characteristics
Persons 7 years old and more
[Questions 15 to 26 are asked of persons age 7+ years old]

Occupational situation in the month before the census

21. Occupation: What occupation or work did the person have during most of the last four weeks before the census? ____

If the person did not work but looked for a job, what was his or her last occupation performed? Avoid using general words as laborer, office clerk, etc.; specify the position.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Educational and occupational characteristics

These questions should be asked exclusively of the persons who have informed that they are seven years old or older.

Economic characteristics of the population

The questions oriented to find out which were the economic activities of the population (questions 19 to 26) will only be asked of persons who are seven years old or older. Therefore, for every child who is six years old or younger, you should make an X in the respective spaces across the columns.

Questions 19 to 26 are of great significance, and therefore we request that the enumerator pay the greatest attention possible to the instructions that are given on the following pages for filling them in.

The questions contained in this section of the form have a certain relationship to each other, and therefore, if you do not put special care in completing them, you run the risk of obtaining incompatible information that will cause enormous damage to the posterior process to which the form will be subjected.

In general, the research of the economic characteristics of the population will refer not to the day of the census, but to the month previous to the census, which will be from March 17th to April 17th, 1964.

Question 21: Occupation

In the blank space that is provided in this question, you should write the word or expression that clearly and amply describes the work type that the person did during the month before the census date (March 17th to April 17th, 1964). When the person had more than one occupation in that period, you should ask and note the principal occupation, which means the on that corresponds to the work where he or she obtained the highest income. In the case of obtaining equal income in several occupations, you should not the one that the enumerated person considers the most important. For persons who did not work in the reference period, but looked for work, you should write the occupation that corresponds to the last job or employment that he or she had. If the person cannot inform about a previous work because this is the first time that he or she is a jobseeker, you should write in the space for the questions 21 and 22 the words "has never worked", at the same time putting and large X across the corresponding column of question 23 (occupational position). If the person, despite having a job did not do it during the four last weeks before the census, due to illness, vacation, strike or any of the other reason already noted, you should note the occupation that corresponds to that job, as long as he or she has conserved it.

[p. 48]

In order for the information noted in this question to be useful, it is necessary specify, without doubt, the class of work or the nature of his or her duties, since in many cases, because there is no special name for the occupation, it will be necessary to describe it in a few words. For example: installer of aluminum blinds, prepares food for sale, etc.

You should not use generic words such as worker, laborer, day-laborer, operator, artisan, employee, apprentice, assistant, volunteer, supernumerary, office worker, salesman, counter clerk, agent, and other similar terms, since none of them indicate a definitive occupation; all are ambiguous words that in the majority of the cases only indicates a relationship between the person and the employer. When it is necessary to use these terms, you should add those words that clarify the situation of the persons as much as possible, for example: loading worker, highway laborer, carpentry apprentice, driver's assistant, etc.

In the case of laborers you should investigate the name of the corresponding occupation, such as assembler, saw operator, carpenter, floor installer. For office employees and office workers you indicate his or her occupation clearly: typist, filing supervisor, cashier, treasurer, accountant, etc.

The same should be done for commerce employees, for example: sales agent, counter clerk, servant, messenger, etc.

In the case of servants, you should indicate if the person is a cook, general housecleaner, nanny, etc.

For workers in agricultural activities, the term "farmer" should only be used for persons who have an agricultural venture under their care. Those who do general tasks in farms, should be noted as "agricultural workers" or as "share-croppers" if this were the case. In any case, if the person does a specific job (cowboy, shepherd, corral worker), it is appropriate to note the occupation with this same detail instead of having general and vague designations.

In the case of professionals, be aware that what you should note the occupation instead of the profession. Of course, it can occur that these coincide. For example, it is common that doctors, engineers, and lawyers work in their same profession; however, it is also frequent that a doctor be an administrator of a hospital, or that an engineer be the manager of a business; in these cases, the occupation of the person does not coincide with his or her profession. In these cases, it is evident that the occupation of the doctor is administrator and the occupation of the engineer is manager. For this reason, the enumerator should ask for the occupation, and in the case of professional, insist in determining if the profession and the occupation coincide. That is to say, if the doctor works as a doctor, the lawyer works as a lawyer, the engineer works as an engineer, since it can also be that these persons are dedicated to agriculture or the management of a business.


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Guatemala 1973 — source variable GT1973A_0422 — Principal occupation (3-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

D - Economic characteristics
(For those 10 years of age and older)
[Questions 15 to 19 are asked of persons age 10+ years old]


16. Principal occupation

Only for persons who answered 1-3 in question 15.
[Questions 16-19 were asked of persons who answered 1-3 in question 15]

What occupation, position or type of work did you carry out during the week of March 19th to 25th or in the last job you had? ____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. Economic characteristics (for person aged ten years or older)

Ask questions 15-19 only for those aged ten (10) years or older.

Question 16: principal occupation

Ask this question only for people who fall within categories 1, 2, or 3 of question 15. If they do not, cross out the entire question with an "X."

1. How to ask the question:
Ask, "What occupation, trade or type of job did you perform in the week of March 19-25, or in the last job that you had?"

If the enumerated person states that he or she had more than one occupation, choose the principal occupation. This is the one at which the enumerated person earns the most money or spends more time.

2. How to record the answer:
Write the principal occupation stated by the enumerated person in the space provided. When you write it, use a word or phrase which describes exactly the kind of work that the enumerated person performs or used to perform. Avoid using general terms such as "worker," or "office worker" that do not provide a clear idea of the type of work performed. The following examples illustrate this point:

[The original document includes a table below.]

[Column headings:]
(A) Incorrect answer for principal occupation
(B) Correct answer for principal occupation

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: agricultural worker
Correct answer for principal occupation: cowboy; milkmaid; coffee picker.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: mechanic
Correct answer for principal occupation: auto mechanic; technician who makes dental parts; airplane mechanic.

[p. 78]

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: office worker
Correct answer for principal occupation: typist, secretary; bookkeeper; file clerk.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: teacher
Correct answer for principal occupation: primary-school teacher; music teacher; secondary-school teacher; university professor.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: construction worker
Correct answer for principal occupation: mason; plumber; carpenter; house painter.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: weaver
Correct answer for principal occupation: loom operator; hat maker; hammock maker.

It is important to note that in most cases a professional's job corresponds to his or her career. Nonetheless, some professionals may have performed work different from their area of professional specialty. If this is the case, record the job that the person did and not the career. For example, if a surgeon worked managing a hospital, write "hospital director" as the principal occupation. Similarly, if a lawyer managed a textile company, write "manager of textile company."

If the person has various occupations and cannot specify a particular one, indicate the principal one according to the definition given above.

3. Example
[This box contains question 16 of the section VI "people in the census household."]


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Guatemala 1981 — source variable GT1981A_0429 — Principal occupation (3-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII. People in the census household

Only for those who answered 1, 2, or 3 in question 16
[Questions 17 - 20 are asked for persons who responded 1, 2, or 3 in question 16]

17. Principal occupation

What principal occupation, type of work or position did you have during the reference week, or in the last job you had? ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


D. Fourth block: economic characteristics (for those 10 years of age and older).

Questions 16 through 20 are only presented to those 10 years of age and older.


Note: questions 17-20 are only presented to those who answered 1, 2, or 3 for question 16. For those answering 4-9, an "X" is marked in all of the spaces for questions 17-20.


Question 17: principal occupation

This question is only presented to those who were classified in alternatives 1, 2, or 3 in question 16.

1. How to formulate the question

What principal occupation, type of work, or trade did you carry out during the reference week (March 16-22) or in the last job that you had?

Principal occupation is understood to be the occupation that provides the highest income or that which takes most of the enumerated person's time.

2. How to record the data

The principal occupation is written down in the space provided.

A word or phrase that exactly describes the type of work that the enumerated person carries, or carried out should be used. Generic terms that do not give a clear idea of the type of work (e.g. worker, employee, office worker, or other similar descriptions) should be avoided.

To illustrate this further, the following examples are provided:
[The original document includes a table below.]

[Column headings:]
(A) Incorrect answer for principal occupation
(B) Correct answer for principal occupation

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: agricultural worker
Correct answer for principal occupation: cowboy; milker; coffee picker.

[p. 80]

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: mechanic
Correct answer for principal occupation: auto mechanic; technician who makes dental parts; airplane mechanic.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: office worker
Correct answer for principal occupation: typist, secretary; bookkeeper; file clerk.
Incorrect answer for principal occupation: construction worker
Correct answer for principal occupation: mason; plumber; carpenter; house painter.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: engineer
Correct answer for principal occupation: civil engineer, sanitary engineer, mechanical engineer, chemist engineer.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: specialist
Correct answer for principal occupation: agronomist, accountant, specialist in marketing, industrial expert, specialist in agriculture.

[p. 81]

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: technician
Correct answer for principal occupation: agricultural technician, biological and agronomical technician, technician in construction costs, technician in electronics.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: draftsman
Correct answer for principal occupation: general draftsman, draftsman in civil engineering, drawer of publications, illustrator.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: teacher
Correct answer for principal occupation: primary school teacher; rural teacher.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: director
Correct answer for principal occupation: primary school director, secondary-school director, director of institutes.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: professor
Correct answer for principal occupation: college professor, physical education instructor, language teacher, home education teacher, teacher for blind persons, professor of Neurological Units Institutes.

[p. 82]

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: professional
Correct answer for principal occupation: geologist, sociologist, anthropologist, economist, statistician, doctor and surgeon, accountant and public auditor.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: analyst
Correct answer for principal occupation: analyst in marketing, systems analyst, professions analyst.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: public employee
Correct answer for principal occupation: president of organizations (executive, legislative, and judicial), vice president of organizations (executive, legislative and judicial), minister of State, vice minister, comptroller of accounts, municipal secretary, executive director, diplomatic, ambassador, customs worker, official.

[p. 83]

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: manager
Correct answer for principal occupation: wholesale trade manager and administrator; manager and administrator of retail trade of food products; retail trade manager and administrator; manager and administrator of retail trade of clothing and footwear; manager and administrator of retail trade of vehicles, engines, and accessories; manager of manufacturing enterprise; manager of construction enterprise; financial manager; sales manager; administrative manager.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: administrator
Correct answer for principal occupation: manufacturing company administrator, construction company administrator, Montepío administrator, hotel manager, mining administrator.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: operator
Correct answer for principal occupation: operator of accountant machines, operator of ribbons and cards drills, radio operator.

[p. 84]

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: agent
Correct answer for principal occupation: air traffic agent, shipping company agent, station agent, tourism agent, broker, insurance agent, advertising sales agent.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: laborer
Correct answer for principal occupation: agricultural laborer, agricultural laborer of vegetables, agricultural laborer of cotton, milker, agricultural laborer of sugarcane.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: weaver
Correct answer for principal occupation: loom operator; hat maker; hammock maker.

Finally, it is necessary to point out that, for professionals, the occupation usually corresponds to the profession.

However, some professionals could have carried out occupations outside of their specialty, in which case the occupation carried out is recorded and not the profession. For example, if a medical surgeon acted as the director of a hospital, the principal occupation is recorded: hospital director; if a lawyer worked as the manager of a textile company, the enumerator will write down: textile company manager.

If a person carries out various occupations that cannot be limited to one, the principal occupation should be determined according to the instructions given previously.

[p. 85]

3. Example:

[These instructions refer to a graphic of question 17 of the census form]


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Guatemala 1994 — source variable GT1994A_0426 — Principal occupation (1-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII. People in the census household

17. Principal occupation

What principal occupation, type of work or position did you have during the reference week, or in the last job you had?

Describe the duty____
Office use _ _ _ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions for persons aged seven and older only
If the person is less than seven, do not ask him/her question 13-24. Instead, go to the next person on the list.

17. Principal occupation
Occupation means the type of work a person performed during the reference period, or that he/she performed in the last week that he/she worked (unemployed).

[p. 62]

If the person has more than one occupation, the term "principal occupation" refers to the one for which he/she receives more income, or the one at which he/she works the most hours.

Ask, "What was your principal occupation, work or trade during the reference week, or at the last job that you held?"

[A graphic of box 17, "principal occupation," is reproduced on the left-hand side of the page.]

On the blank lines, write out completely the jobs stated by the respondent. Use words or phrases that give specific details about the type of job or work the person does or did. Avoid using general terms that do not furnish a clear idea of the type of work referred to.

Information about the enumerated person's job is important in understanding the economic profile of the country, which is important for economic planning. There should always be an answer if the person has a job. Do not leave this area blank.

Principal occupation
The following is a list of examples demonstrating correct and incorrect ways of recording occupations.

[The original document includes a table below.]

[Column headings:]
(A) Incorrect answer for principal occupation
(B) Correct answer for principal occupation

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: mechanic.
Correct answer for principal occupation: automobile mechanic, technician who makes dental parts.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: secretary.
Correct answer for principal occupation: typist who transcribes documents, secretary who writes letters and answers the phone, secretary in charge of sales files.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: construction worker.
Correct answer for principal occupation: plumber who installs and repairs plumbing, bricklayer who prepares mortar and lays bricks, painter of interior and exterior walls.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: engineer.
Correct answer for principal occupation: civil engineer, chemical engineer, electrical engineer.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: teacher.
Correct answer for principal occupation: urban primary-school teacher, rural primary-school teacher, home-economics teacher, music education teacher.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: cashier.
Correct answer for principal occupation: department-store cashier, bank cashier, factory cashier.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: agricultural worker.
Correct answer for principal occupation: worker who plants tomatoes, worker who plants corn, worker who milks and cleans cows, worker who harvests coffee or sugarcane, etc.

[p. 64]

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: sales clerk.
Correct answer for principal occupation: counter clerk in a fabric store, counter clerk in footwear items, counter clerk in hardware items, counter clerk in office supplies.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: street vendor.
Correct answer for principal occupation: street vendor of brooms, street vendor of candy, street vendor of variety goods.

For example, if a surgeon worked as the director of a hospital during the reference week, write: "hospital director (public or private)" as his/her principal occupation.

If a lawyer worked as a factory manager in a factory producing cotton fabric during the reference week, write "manager of a factory producing cotton fabrics" as his/her principal occupation.

If the person you are enumerating has several jobs, remember to write the principal occupation according to the criteria written above.


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Guatemala 2002 — source variable GT2002A_0424 — Principal occupation (1-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Chapter VII. Characteristics of the people

For persons of age 7 years and older
[Questions 12 to 20 are for persons of age 7 years and older]

[Questions 18 to 20 are asked of persons who worked or experienced unemployed]

18. What is the occupation, type of work or main occupation done or that you do at this job? ________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[p. 54]

Section 7: Individual characteristics

This section records individual information for a maximum of ten people - those listed in section 6, "total number of persons in the household." If there are more than ten people in the census household use as many additional forms as necessary.

[A graphic of the "individual characteristics", located at the top of section 7 of the census form, is included here.]

Person number: In the grid spaces on the upper left side of the form, write the number that corresponds to the person according to the order from the list of persons in section VI. The head of household is number 1.

Name: In the appropriate space, write the name of each of the persons who make up the household according to the order in which they appear on the list in question 3 of section VI. Begin with the head of household and continue writing according to the order established.

Information supplied by respondent: This is when the person interviewed gives information about his/her own self. Fill in the appropriate oval according to the information you receive.

Questions 1-11 should be asked for all permanent residents of the household in the dwelling.

Questions 12-20 are for persons aged seven or older.

The reference period for questions 16-20 is the week preceding the census date (from Sunday November 17 to Saturday November 23, 2002).

18. Principal occupation
Ask, "What occupation, type of work or job did the person perform in this job?"

[A graphic of question 18, from section 7 of the census form, is included here.]

If the person has more than one occupation, write the one that provides the most income. If they pay equally, write the one he/she worked at most during the reference week.

In the corresponding space, write the main occupation, type of work or job declared by the respondent, using words to describe exactly the task he/she performs. Avoid using general terms.

Examples of occupations:

If a surgeon worked as the director of a hospital during the reference week, write: hospital director (public or private) as his/her principal occupation.

If a lawyer worked as a factory manager in a factory producing cotton fabric during the reference week, write "manager of a factory producing cotton fabrics" as his/her principal occupation.
[p. 67]

[The original document includes a table below.]

[Column headings:]
(A) Incorrect answer for occupation
(B) Correct answer for occupation

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: Mechanic.
Correct answer for principal occupation: Automobile mechanic, technician who makes dental parts.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: Secretary.
Correct answer for principal occupation: Typist who transcribes documents, secretary who writes letters and answers the phone, secretary in charge of sales files.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: Construction worker.
Correct answer for principal occupation: Plumber who installs and repairs plumbing, bricklayer who prepares mortar and lays bricks, painter of interior and exterior walls.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: Engineer.
Correct answer for principal occupation: Civil engineer, chemical engineer, electrical engineer.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: Teacher.
Correct answer for principal occupation: Urban primary-school teacher, rural primary-school teacher, home-economics teacher, music education teacher.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: Cashier.
Correct answer for principal occupation: Department-store cashier, bank cashier, factory cashier.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: Agricultural worker.
Correct answer for principal occupation: Worker who plants tomatoes, worker who plants corn, worker who milks and cleans cows, worker who harvests coffee or sugarcane, etc.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: Sales clerk.
Correct answer for principal occupation: Counter clerk in a fabric store, counter clerk in footwear items, counter clerk in hardware items, counter clerk in office supplies.

Incorrect answer for principal occupation: Street vendor.
Correct answer for principal occupation: Street vendor of brooms, Street vendor of candies, street vendor of several products.


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Guinea 1983 — source variable GN1983A_0415 — Occupation, 2 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For the population aged 10 years and above: Economic characteristics
[Questions 15-18 were asked of persons aged 10 years and above.]


16. Occupation ____
Write with the greatest precision the usual occupation that the person has, for instance: Farmer/Planter of, Wood carver/Cabinet maker, Shoemaker/Shoe repairs, Carpenter, Secretary/Typist, etc.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


C. Economic characteristics for the population aged 10 and older


Column (16): Profession

136. Indicate very precisely:

The current profession, if the person is employed (OCC)
The last profession exercised, if the person is unemployed (ST). For example, write:
Banana planter, but never planter
Cabinet maker, but never artisan
Shoemaker, but never artisan
Auto or motorcycle mechanic, but never mechanic
Medical doctor, but never doctor
Typist
Carpenter
Tractor driver or taxi driver, but never driver
Assistant electrical engineer, but never assistant engineer
Statistical engineer, but never engineer
Etc.



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Guinea 1996 — source variable GN1996A_0419 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Resident population aged 6 years and above
[Questions P13-P18 were asked of resident population aged 6 years and above.]


To be filled out only for employed and available unemployed persons
[Questions P16-P18 to be asked only for employed and available unemployed persons.]


P16 Occupation ____
[The French text says "Occupation or economic activity practiced"]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Column P16: Profession or economic activity exercised
By profession or economic activity exercised we mean:
a) "Job employed in" or position held" in the general case of a salaried employee, or;
b) "Profession engaged in" the case of a craftsman or a self-employed manual laborer, or of a professional, or;
c) "Economic activity exercised" in the fields of retail trade; artisanship; small and medium-sized businesses; transportation; agriculture; animal rearing; fishing; and the provision of services, generally for those who are self-employed or who provide the service as employer or owner.


For an employed person, ask the following question:
"In the course of the reference period, what profession did you practice or what economic activity were you engaged in?

The answer should be related to work actually completed by the person, and not to what he knows how to do, i.e., his professional training.

If the person was engaged in more than one economic activity during the reference period, ask him to tell you which he considers the most important, and write this activity in the questionnaire. However, do not write anything in the numbering grid.

For a person acknowledged as unemployed, i.e., who has worked in the past and has been without work, and searching for work, in the course of the reference period, ask the following question:

[p. 49]

"What was the last occupation, profession, position or economic activity that you engaged in before you became unemployed?"

The rules written above are useful to get the correct answer, which should be [written out] completely [in] the questionnaire. Be as strictly precise as possible when indicating the economic activity in question. For example, you should write:

"Banana planter," but never "planter."
"Primary school teacher," "secondary school teacher," "adjunct or graduate instructor," and not "teacher."
"Prefect," "Minister," "Secretary General," National Director," etc.
"Cabinet maker," "woodworker," "blacksmith," "shoemaker," "mason," "tanner," "weaver," "[dry] cleaner," but never "artisan."
"Donut seller," "peanut seller," "kola nut seller," "fish seller," "butcher," "street vendor", but never "seller/salesperson."
"Growing food crops,", rice planter, peanut planter, cattle farmer/breeder, sheep farmer/breeder, goat farmer/breeder but never write "agricultural worker," "cultivator", "breeder," "planter."
"Auto mechanic," "motorcycle mechanic," but never write "mechanic."
"Medical doctor," "lawyer," "university professor," but never write "doctor" or "teacher."
"Electrical engineer," "statistical engineer," "agricultural engineer," "civil engineer," electro-mechanical engineer," "forest resource engineer," but do not write, "engineer," "doctor in engineering," "engineering assistant," "adjunct engineer," etc.


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Haiti 1982 — source variable HT1982A_0418 — Main occupation or profession
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


D. Economic characteristics
For persons 10 years and older.
[Questions 17-21 were asked of persons 10 years of age and older.]


19. Principal occupation: What type of work does this person do?

(Profession, trade, job) ________


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


D) Economic characteristics
[Questions 17-21.]
Ask questions relative to the economic characteristics of people age 10 years old or more.


Question 19: Main occupation or profession
80. For the census, the profession refers to the type of work carried out by a person during the period of reference on which the data related to the economic characteristics are written down, no matter what the branch of economic activity or situation of the person in question in the profession.
For a person who has two or more professions it will be necessary to consider the profession in which he spends most of his time.


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Haiti 2003 — source variable HT2003A_0438 — Occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

F3. Population aged 10 and older
[Questions 21-28 were asked for individuals 10 years of age and older.]


25. What is this person's principal job in this company?
____


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Honduras 1961 — source variable HN1961A_0413 — Occupation (2-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For those who worked or looked for work
[Questions 17-19 were asked of people aged 10 years or older who worked or looked for a job]

18. What do or did you do?
Write the type of work done [by the person]

Example:
[] Farm manager
[] Butler
[] Agricultural laborer
[] Servant
[] Automobile mechanic
[] Watchmaker
[] Assistant
[] Cashier
[] Accountant
[] Other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic characteristics
This section comprises questions 11 to 19 which are asked to persons aged 10 years or older.

Columns 17, 18, and 19: The last three questions are asked to all those who worked or sought employment; that is, to all those who have an answer in column 16 and those who despite not having worked all year, claimed to be seeking work.

Column number 18: What do you do or what did you do?
The type of work carried out by the person in the establishment declared in column 17 is written down in this column. For example: butler, agricultural worker, auto mechanic, carpenter, tailor, salesclerk, cashier, accountant, builder’s assistant, etcetera.

[p. 25]

Enumerators are begged to not use general terms, such as day laborer; the enumerator should write down more or less what the person does, for example: construction worker or road maintenance worker, coffee harvester, sugarcane harvester, insecticide sprayer, carpenter’s assistant, etcetera.

The enumerator should also not write down "office worker". For this type of employee, the enumerator should write: secretary, typist, expert [in an area]; for public employees, the name of the office should be written down.


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Honduras 1974 — source variable HN1974A_0419 — Occupation (2-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. - Economic Characteristics

(For all individuals 10 years of age and older)

15. What occupation or type of work did you engage in during the week of February 25th to March 2nd, or in the last job you had?

[Only for those who answered 1, 2 or 3 in question 14.]

For those who looked for work for the first time, write "new worker."
See instructions on page 41 of your manual.

____ Principal occupation
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic Characteristics (For persons aged ten and older)
Do not ask persons aged less than ten any more questions from the form. Cross out questions 14-21 with a large X.

The answers in question set 14 are the basis for categorizing the population aged ten and older as economically active (employed and unemployed) and economically inactive (students, domestic work (unpaid), those who live from rental or investment income, retired workers and the disabled).

The questions in this section refer to the situation in the week immediately preceding the census date (the week of February 25-March 2).

Question set 15: What occupation, trade or type of job did you/the person perform during the week of February 25 - March 2, or in the last job that you/the person had?

Ask this question set only of those persons who answered option 1, 2 or 3 in the affirmative in question set 14. If the answer to these three options was negative, cross out the entire area related to question sets 15, 16 and 17 with a large X.

If the enumerated person states that he/she had more than one occupation, choose the principal occupation. This is the one at which the enumerated person earns the most money or spends the most time.

Write the principal occupation stated by the enumerated person in the space provided.

[p. 42]

When you write the principal occupation, use a word or phrase which describes exactly the kind of work that the enumerated person performs or used to perform. Avoid using general terms such as "worker," "employee," or "office worker" that do not provide a clear idea of the type of work performed. The following examples are provided to illustrate this point:

[The original document includes a table below.]

[Column headings:]
(A) Incorrect answer
(B) Correct answer

Incorrect answer: Laborer
Correct answer: Cowboy, cow milker, coffee picker, agricultural laborer, road laborer, construction laborer.

Incorrect answer: Mechanics
Correct answer: Car mechanic, dental technician, airplane mechanic.

Incorrect answer: Laborer
Correct answer: Typing, secretary, accountant, archivist.

Incorrect answer: Teacher
Correct answer: primary teacher music teacher, high school teacher, professor at an university.

Incorrect answer: Worker
Correct answer: Bricklayer, plumber, carpenter, house painter, bricklayer assistant, carpentry assistant.
[p. 43]
Incorrect answer: Weaver
Correct answer: Loom operator, hat weaver, hammock weaver.

It is important to note that a professional's job commonly corresponds to his/her profession. Nonetheless, some professionals may have performed work different from their area of specialization during the reference week. If this is the case, record the job that the person did and not the profession. For example, if a surgeon worked managing a hospital, write "Hospital director" as the principal occupation. Similarly, if a lawyer managed a textile company, write "Manager of textile company."

If the person has various occupations and cannot specify a particular one, indicate the principal one according to the definition given above.

For persons who are looking for work for the first time write "New Worker."


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Honduras 1988 — source variable HN1988A_0450 — Occupation (2-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic characteristics


21. What is the occupation, job, or position that you hold or held?

________ _ _ _ _


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic characteristics

21. What is the occupation, job, or position that you hold or held?
This question is asked to those who answered from 1-4 in question 19 and who answered "yes" to question 20.

[p. 52]

The type of work should be written down in the most complete form possible, indicating the specialty of the occupation in the space of the two lines provided.

Even though the occupation usually coincides with the profession, the enumerator should try to differentiate in the cases where applicable. A doctor can have the occupation of the administration of a hospital, an engineer can be the manager of a company, a lawyer can work as a court Judge, etcetera.

[These instructions refer to two illustrations of occupations.]

So that the enumerator can better understand how to fill in the description of the occupation, some examples of correct and incorrect annotations are given below. [The original document includes a table below.]

[Column headings:]
(A) Incorrect answer
(B) Correct answer

Incorrect answer: Laborer
Correct answer: Agricultural laborer, road laborer, construction laborer, cattle laborer, cow milker, coffee picker.

Incorrect answer: Mechanics
Correct answer: Car mechanic, dental technician, airplane mechanic, industrial mechanic.

Incorrect answer: Doctor
Correct answer: Hospital director, chief of surgery, medical researcher.

Incorrect answer: Lawyer
Correct answer: Magistrate of the Supreme Court of Justice, judge, legal assessor of a Ministry.

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Honduras 2001 — source variable HN2001A_0452 — Occupation (3-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section F. Characteristics of the persons

For persons 7 years old or more
[Questions 12-16 were asked of persons aged 7 years or older]

14. What is the name of the principal occupation, job or post that [the person] does or did in this job? For example: corn farmer, furniture carpenter, bus driver, etc.

____ _ _ _ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Only for persons who answered in Block A
[Questions 14-16 were asked of persons who marked any option of block A of question 13]

Question 14: What is the name of the principal occupation, profession, or position that you held or hold in that job?
Example: corn farmer, furniture carpenter, bus driver, grocery vendor, etc.

Write, over the lines, the name of the principal occupation, employment, profession, or position of work that the informant states. When you receive answers that are not very precise, such as worker, employee, public official, laborer, employer, etc., you should determine with exactitude, what the task is that the person does.

In many cases, the profession refers to the occupation, for example: a doctor can have as his occupation being the administrator of the hospital, an engineer can be the manager of a business, a lawyer can have the job of judge, etc.

In many cases, the occupation is synonymous with the job that the person performs, for example: president of the Republic, president of the National Congress, municipal mayor, municipal official, executive secretary, school director, hospital director, orchestra director, etc.

[p. 52]

Some examples of occupations and the correct form to write them on the form:

[First column]
Police agent
Coffee grower
Corn farmer
Construction laborer
Assistant construction laborer
Barber or hairdresser
Bartender
Carpenter, chair manufacturer
Truck driver
Animal slaughterer
Census enumerator
Supervisor of mail office
Nurse in a health care center
Plumber
Make clay bricks

[Second column]
Make cement blocks
Make hats
Make tortillas
Wash and iron clothing
Butler or overseer
Milker
Baker or make bread
Fisherman
Elementary school teacher
Store manager
Tire repairman
Automobile vehicle repairman
Tailor of men's clothing
Planter of agricultural crops
Arc welder
Grocery vendor
Tortilla vendor

To strengthen knowledge, it is necessary that during the training you make a list of the most frequent occupations that exist in the villages and the municipalities.


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Hungary 1970 — source variable HU1970A_0411 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

III. Occupation Data of the Person Enumerated
[Questions 16-22.]


For those who are 14 years and older (born in 1955 or earlier)
[Questions 16-22. Questions 16-17 determined employment status, and questions 18-22 were asked only of those employed.]


20. Occupation, main activity, post, scope of activity ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


20. Occupation, main activity, status, scope of activity
The occupation of the persons at the reference date of the census should be entered.
In case of persons having several occupations (having secondary employment, second job) the main activity should be recorded that is the one performed in the larger part of the year, i.e. the one regarded by the person as his/her main activity.

Precise and detailed definition
The occupation should be entered precisely and detailed otherwise the entry will not reveal the actual activity, assignment, scope of work of the particular person. Sweeping expressions such as labourer, outside worker, semi-skilled worker, merchant, clerk, foreman, teacher, etc. should not be used. Below you will find some examples of correct entries which of course relate to some definite cases nevertheless they might give suggestions for the details of the specification required.

Correct entries are e.g. trammer in brigade, operator of bolting-machine, carpenter, foreman of engine fitters, embroiderer, labeller, pocket gluer, digger's foreman, fruit and vegetable merchant, foreman in a finances, payroll-clerk, primary school teacher, etc.

[p.29]

Similarly detailed description of the activity is necessary in case of persons working as rapporteurs, executives, section heads, persons employed in technical, research and other. The correct entries in the later cases might be such as head of department/sanitary physician, rapporteur/mechanical engineer, researcher chemist, university professor/surgeon, etc.

Working in agriculture
As described above also in case of the persons having an agricultural occupation and members of agricultural co-operatives a detailed definition of the work performed should be given, e.g. breeder of animal husbandry, plant cultivator, guard of agricultural land, mixer of fodder, teamster, gardener, etc. In case of agricultural private entrepreneurs the following -- or similar - answers could be given: vineyardist, vegetable gardener, etc.

Agricultural day-labourer
The entry "agricultural day-laborer" can be applied in case of persons performing agricultural activity only occasionally and at the reference date of the census do not have a working contract and are not members of an agricultural cooperative either.
Private artisan, merchant and their relatives
The persons working in the workshop, store or venture (in general) of the head of household or that of one of the members of the household regularly and without material compensation should be regarded as family helper.

Persons who might have a family helper are:

  • Craftsmen (carpenters, bricklayers, etc.) as private entrepreneurs;
  • Merchants as private entrepreneurs.
  • In case of a family helper it is not sufficient to enter the expression "family helper"; the exact definition of the workplace should be registered too, e.g.
  • Family helper of a private upholsterer;
  • Family helper of a private fruits and vegetables merchant.

Unskilled worker

The scope of activity should be recorded properly in case of a person employed as unskilled laborer too, e.g. cleaner, roustabout, material handler, etc.

Causal hand

If the scope of activity of a person's work outside the agriculture can not be properly defined due the fact that his employer or activity is not stable, the answer "casual hand" should be entered.

Living from earning of land, house, etc.

In case of persons having agricultural land, a house or a dwelling for rent and their income is exclusively the rental fee received from the lessee -- that is they do not have a working contract and are not pensioners either -- the entry might be: "living of having sub-tenants in the dwelling", "living of letting agricultural land", "living of life-annuity contract".



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Hungary 1980 — source variable HU1980A_0418 — Occupation, scope of activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Questions No. 15 to 18 to be answered by:

[Questions 15-18 were asked of those who satisfied one of the following four requirements:]
- Answered 'yes' to question 14
- Inactive earners data prior to child (care leave, retiring)
- Other dependents having worked 90 days or longer,
- Dependents who were not enumerated together with the supporter (supporter's data)


15. Occupation, scope of activity ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


15--18 Occupation, general instructions

The recording of the occupational data depends on the answer given to question 14 as follows, if
1. The answer "yes": based on the last occupation;
2. The person on child-care allowance leave: based on occupation before the leave;
3. Pensioner, renter on own right: the occupation before retirement;
4. Pensioner, renter on derivative right: last occupation of the deceased relative;
5. Conscript, reservist on duty and imprisoned persons: occupation before enrolment;
6. Other inactive earner: the source of livelihood marked in question 15 will be copied, questions 15-18 will not be answered;
7. Other dependents who worked in 1979 more than 90 days: the working activity during the year in general; in case both agricultural and non-agricultural work had been performed and the agricultural activity did not last for more than 90days questions 15-18 will be filled in according to the non-agricultural work performance. E.g. in case during 1979 an "other dependent" worked for 50 days in a canning factory while 80 days in the agriculture as family helper, the information on the occupation will be based on the work performed in the canning factory;
8. In cases of dependents not living with the supporter, the occupation of the supporter.


15. Occupation, scope of work

In answering the question detailed and accurate description of the occupation, scope of work is needed. The main considerations are as follows:

1. In marking the scope of activity general descriptions -- such as unskilled worker -- outside worker, official, teacher, etc. must not be used;

2. In cases of persons performing leading-managing activity, the specification should also be marked e.g. head of department for product development, head of section in human resources;

3. In cases of ministries, state organizations, local administrative bodies, parties and social organizations, the categories head of department, head of section, independent group manager (and the deputies), chief official, official will be entered in general, while in cases of persons working in the accounting, financial and administrative fields of the former organizations the actual occupation will be marked, (e.g. accountant, finance officer, manager in accounting, typist, etc.);

4. In cases of transportation companies (Hungarian railways, Hungarian Shipping Co, etc.) and the Hungarian Post Co., instead of the given rank (e.g. officer, councilor, etc.) the actual job should be marked;

5. In cases of managers and their deputies in shops, warehouse departments, restaurants, and service units (barber shop, laundry), the number of persons employed should be indicated too;

6. In cases of foremen in agriculture, it has to be asked whether the occupation is independent and if "yes" this should be marked in brackets e.g. "(independent) foreman of working ploughs", "(independent) foreman for tractor-drivers ", "(independent) foreman in fruit cultivation";

7. In cases of private merchants, the description should refer to the definite trade, e.g. vegetable and fruit trader, merchant in dry goods, etc.);

8. In cases of family helpers, the description should contain information primarily on the person "helped" (e.g. member of agricultural co-operative, person working in industry though having agricultural activity as secondary source of income, private farmer, private locksmith, private merchant, etc.) and secondly if possible on the scope of the actual activity. E.g. "family helper working in animal husbandry helping a member of agricultural co-operative", "family helper working in crops production helping a private farmer", etc;

9. The category of "agricultural day laborer" or "casual laborer" can be applied only in cases of persons working in agriculture or outside only occasionally and generally not for the same employer;

10. In cases of outside workers, the denomination of the actual occupation should be
attributed as "outside worker", e.g. "underwear maker, outside worker", "draughtsman, outside worker";

11. Occupation of the professional members of the armed forces -- in case no Personal questionnaire was given to the enumerator -- will be marked as "employee of the HM" (HM=Ministry of Defense), "employee of the BM"(BM= Ministry of the Interior) "militiaman", "fireguard", "excise man", while the civilian members of the armed forces will be marked with their actual civilian occupation;

12. In cases of retired members of the armed forces, the mark is "employee of the HM" , "employee of the BM ", "militiaman", "fireguard", "excise man";

13. In cases of "other inactive earners," the source of livelihood will be marked and no answers for questions 16-19 will be entered;

14. The occupation in cases of "institutional dependent" will be as "institutional dependent" and the questions 16-19 will not be answered.


Annex 3 contains examples for registration of the occupation and related entries.


Annex 3

Examples for filling in questions 15 and 17 of the personal questionnaire

Manual (blue-collar) occupations

Skilled worker or semi-skilled worker [17 Staff group]

[15 Occupation, scope of activity]
Type-setter Miller
Cashier in a shop Agricultural vehicle mechanic
Bulldozer operator Tractor driver in agriculture
Crane operator Founder
Grocery shopkeeper Smelter
Turner Foundry operator
Radio mechanic Grocery shop assistant
Elevator handler in construction plant Detonator handler
Pig-man Hairdresser
Booby-hatch driver Milk taker machine operator
Assembler in clothing industry Motor mechanic
Body-smith Glassblower
Smith in general Producer of pneumatic tyres
Digger Roller(man)
Vegetable grower Order collector
Dressmaker outworker Knitter outworker
Embroiderer outworker Producer of paper products as outworker


Skilled worker [17 Staff group]

[15 Occupation, scope of activity]
Engine-driver Passenger car driver
Printing machine operator Track driver


Semi-skilled worker [17 Staff group]

[15 Occupation, scope of activity]
Janitor Walking plough
Excavator Mailman


Semi-skilled worker or unskilled worker [17 Staff group]

[15 Occupation, scope of activity]
Manual material handler Transport worker
Stevedore Cleaner


Non-manual (blue-collar) occupations

Leading, managing1 [17 Staff group]

[15 Occupation, scope of activity]
Head of production unit Manager of an agricultural plant in animal husbandry
Director of a general school Deputy Director of investment department
Foreman of construction works Technological director
Chief agriculturist Head of section of technology
Independent foreman in agriculture Director of a community centre
Foreman in a mechanical plant Shopkeeper in a butcher's with three vendor
Head of department for product Deputy Head of financial development department
Foreman in metallurgic plant Managing chief physician in a rehabilitation hospital
Chief physician of a hospital section Professor managing a university' faculty
Deputy Head of accountancy Plant manager


Specialised employee [17 Staff group]

[15 Occupation, scope of activity]
Teacher in primary school Judge at a county court
Internal controller Designer in civil engineering
University assistant professor Human resources officer
Specialist in power management Draftsman
Dispatcher in construction works Demonstrator at university of medicine
Mechanical technician Independent laboratory technician
Head of group in RD Head of statistics group
Cost accountant School teacher
Physician in a hospital Telex operator
District physician Nurse


Administrative employee [17 Staff group]

[15 Occupation, scope of activity]
Keeper of storage registers Stock-taker
Payroll clerk Bill accountant
Typist Secretary
Accountant Company cashier


[The shopkeepers in shops, restaurants, service stations employing three or more persons are classified into leading-managing staff group].


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Hungary 1990 — source variable HU1990A_0425 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 15-19 were asked of persons who are economically active, work or get a child care fee or child care allowance, per question 14]


15. Scope of work (occupation): _____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

15. Scope of work (occupation)

The description of the scope of work (occupation) should give (detailed) information on the actual work performed, in case of managers on the concrete assignment. General denominations as outside worker, worker, teacher, etc. must not be accepted.

Some guidelines for marking the answers:

-- In case of persons in leading, managing positions, the concrete assignment should be marked too, e.g. head of technical department, had of section for product development, foreman of roofers, chief physician managing a hospital section, assistant professor leading a faculty, leading kindergarten teacher.

-- In case of persons working in intellectual occupations in the ministries, nation-wide organizations, offices of parties, mass organizations -- with the exemption of financial, accountancy and administrative positions -- the marking of clerk, executive, collaborator, chief collaborator, head of section, head of department is sufficient. In case of the exemptions, a more precise description is required, e.g. financial clerk, head of section of accountancy, payroll clerk, stenographer-typist, and accountant.

-- In case of persons working for transportation companies (Hungarian Railways, Hungarian Shipping Company, etc.) instead of the office rank (e.g. officer, councilor, etc.) the actual activity should be marked, such as external traffic controller, switchman, etc.
[p. 14]
-- In case of persons working as managers of a store, restaurant, service shop (hairdresser, laundry, etc.) the number of persons managed should be indicated, e.g. head of shoe shop employing three persons, etc.

-- In case of an agricultural foreman and regardless of level of competence (independent or not), the field should be entered, e.g. independent foreman of teamsters, independent foreman of fruit producers, etc.

-- In case of private traders, reference should be given to the goods traded e.g. trader in dry goods, trader in fruits and vegetables, etc.

-- In case of persons working for the armed forces or security organizations, it is sufficient to refer the respective body, e.g. employed by the M(inistry of) I(nterior), employed by the M(inistry of) J(ustice) employed by the M(inistry of) D(efense), fireman, excise officer, militiaman, etc.

-- In case of family helpers, the entry should give information on the supported person (whether is an agricultural private entrepreneur, member of an agricultural co-operative, private locksmith, etc.).

-- Agricultural causal worker or roustabout can be marked only in case the work is performed occasionally and usually not for the same employer. In this case the questions from 16 to 19 will be skipped.

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Hungary 2001 — source variable HU2001A_0418 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Only for those who marked answers 10-11 in question 13
[Questions 15.1 through 18.2 were asked of those who marked answers 10-11 in question 13.]


15.1 What is the name of the main occupation and what activities characterize it? ____


15.1 Do not use general terms (e.g. civil servant, public official, pedagogue, entrepreneur, unskilled worker, administrator).

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 15.1: What is the name of the main occupation and what activities are characteristic to it?

The answer should be recorded by taking into account the work on the week preceding the reference date of the census. The characteristics of the main job should be marked in case those are different from the one performed immediately before the reference date. If a person has several jobs he should whether which is regarded as the main job. In case the person is not able to answer, the job performed in the larger part of the weekly working hours will be recorded.

The generally accepted and used denomination of the occupation, scope of activity will be marked (e.g. mechanical engineer, nurse, and barrister). An entry not indicating the effective activity -- e.g. civil servant, teacher, outside worker, entrepreneur, or office rank (like councilor, executive, post officer, etc.) -- should not be accepted. Besides the denomination of the occupation -- in case it does not define the activity -- the answer should give short summary of the main tasks of the person. This might help in defining the effective activity of the person.
E.g. in the manual occupations there are expressions which describe similar but though different activities.

A good example is the sewer. The sewer working in a factory producing ready-made clothing is performing only a rather limited part of the dressmaking. The same is in case of the sewer as outside worker. The work of the former persons is different from that of the one who is making the dress as from the cutting up to the finishing. Similar examples could be listed on the occupations/denominations as smith, mechanic, etc.

The description of the tasks while at works will show whether the activity expands to the whole process of the production or is restricted only to partial tasks such as operating the machinery, or similar (a possible entry is e.g. "assembly of different parts on a production line").
While recording the occupation a reference should be always given to the professional character of the job, e.g. pl. head of section dealing with tutelage, offence's executive, head of section of accountancy, account manager in financial institution.

In case of leaders, managers of the institutions, business organizations, and companies, the denomination i.e. the description should give guidance for defining the appropriate managerial level (e.g. schoolmaster, managing director of motor repair limited company, head of section of a trading company, chief physician of a hospital ward, university professor leading a faculty, production manager in a construction company, foeman in a weaving mill). If the denomination of the occupation does not give allow the proper distinction more detailed professional approach is required, such as e.g. economist designated with the management of a market research section, doorman assigned with supervision of the security services, physician assigned with management of the maternity section, jurist assigned for directing the legal section of the ministry, shopkeeper I shoe shop, etc.

The heads of a production unit (store, workshop, etc.) employing less than 3 persons is not a manager as manager; he/she will be recorded according to the profession (shopkeeper, auto mechanic, hairdresser, accountant, etc.).

While recording the occupation the activity and not the qualification is taken into account.
An economist working as market researcher is not an economist but a market researcher; a private detective graduate of the University of Law is not a jurist but a private detective.
In case the profession or rather the actual activity of the professional and contracted member of the armed forces (military, frontier guard) as well as of he professional member or civil servant of the security services (police, professional fire service of the municipalities, civilian security services, detention services, excise and duty offices)
Is equivalent to a civilian occupation than that will be recorded,
Has an explicit military, defense character the answer will be "employed by the armed forces" and the rest of the question will not be answered.


The enumeration of the occupation, activity of the civil servants of the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Defense will be performed as in general.

In case the answer in question 13 is "conscript or reservist on duty", the answer is "conscript" or "reservist on duty" and the question from 15 to 17 will be skipped.
The enumeration of the occupation of the persons in civilian services will be performed according to the general rules.

In case of causal hands and seasonal workers, it is not sufficient to enter the status but also the definite activity such as e.g. cleaning, digging in the garden, repairing the roof, wood-cutter, etc.
In case of family helpers, the description of the activity should give information whether what is the activity of the persons they are helping and what type of activity they perform (e.g. if the occupation is family helper as roustabout it has to be described that the person is family helper of a carrier).


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Hungary 2011 — source variable HU2011A_0416 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Personal questionnaire

IV. Occupation, workplace and transport

27. Your (present or last) occupation: ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

IV. Occupation, workplace and transport

27. Your (present or last) occupation:
Write here the occupation the respondent does as his/her main job, or if he/she does not work currently, the main occupation he/she last did. In the case of somebody who does more than two jobs at the same time, indicate the most significant one, which is the one of which he/she spends most of the time.

Indicate the occupation/ field of activity with enough detail as to clearly establish the activity performed. Do not use general terms which do not refer to the activity or refer only to the assignment or rank in the office.

In the case of persons doing seasonal work, casual work, work for public and helping family members, it is not enough to write 'seasonal worker', 'casual worker', 'helping family member' but write in detail the activity done (e.g. sinking the garden, cleaning the road, cleaning, renovating the roof, stowage).

In case of military corps of the Hungarian Army the note should be 'official soldier' or 'soldier with contract'.


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India 1983 — source variable IN1983A_0415 — Current occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons having current weekly activity status codes 01-71 in column 14
[Question 16-18 was asked of persons who worked under obligation/attached, worked, or did not work though there was a household enterprise or did not work but had salaried/wage employment per question 14.]

Principal industry occupation: [Questions 16 to 18]

16. Description _____
17. Industry code (NIC 1970) _ _ _
18. Occupation code (NCO 1968) _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


5.4.1.0 Block 4.1 : demographic and current activity particulars during the week :
This block is meant for recording the demographic and the current activity status particulars of all the normal members of the household. Besides that, the information as to whether the household members are to be considered migrants according to certain laid down criterion will also be collected in this block.


5.4.1.15 Column (16)-(18): principal industry-occupation:
For each person assigned the 'work' status codes (i.e. codes 01-71) in column (14), the description of the principal industry-occupation relevant to the type of gainful activity pursued by the person during the reference week will be recorded in column (16). The corresponding three-digit industry group code (NIC 1970) will be recorded in column (17) and the 3-digit occupation family code (NIC, 1968) will be recorded in column (18). In combination is assignable to a person, the principal industry-occupation case more than one industry-occupation/relevant to the person will be the one, in which relatively more time has been spent during the reference week, in pursuing such gainful activities.


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India 1987 — source variable IN1987A_0416 — Occupation current week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Current weekly activity particulars
[Questions 11-15]


For codes 11-72 in question 11
[Questions 12-15 were asked of persons who worked or had regular employment, per question 11.]


Principal industry occupation:
[Questions 13-15.]

13. Description ____
14. Industry code (NIC 1970) _ _ _
15. Occupation code (NCO 1968) _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


5.4.13 Columns (13-15): Principal industry-occupation: For each person assigned the 'work' status codes (i.e. codes 11-72) in column (11), the description of the principal industry-occupation relevant t the type of gainful activity pursued by the person' during the reference week will be recorded in column (13). The corresponding three digit industry group code (NIC 1970) will be recorded in column (14) and the 3 digit occupation family code (NCO 1968) will be recorded in column (15). In case more than one industry- occupation is assignable to a person, the principal industry-occupation relevant to the person will be the one, in which relatively more time has been spent during the reference week, in pursuing such gainful activities.


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India 1993 — source variable IN1993A_0426 — Occupation code (NCO) for the current weekly activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Current weekly activity particulars
[Questions 19-21.]


19. Status:

[] 11 Worked in household enterprise (self-employed): own account worker
[] 12 Worked in household enterprise (self-employed): employer
[] 21 Worked as a helper in household enterprise (unpaid family worker)
[] 31 Worked as regular salaried/wage employee
[] 41 Worked as casual wage labour: in public works
[] 51 Worked as casual wage labour: in other types of work
[] 61 Had worked in household enterprise but did not work due to sickness
[] 62 Had worked in household enterprise but did not work due to other reasons
[] 71 Had regular salaried/wage employment but did not work due to sickness
[] 72 Had regular salaried/wage employment but did not work due to other reasons
[] 81 Sought work
[] 82 Did not seek but was available for work
[] 91 Attended educational institution
[] 92 Attended domestic duties only
[] 93 Attended domestic duties and was also engaged in free collection of goods (vegetables, roots, firewood, cattle feed etc.) sewing, tailoring, weaving etc., for household use
[] 94 Rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipients etc.
[] 95 Not able to work due to disability
[] 96 Beggars, prostitutes
[] 97 Others
[] 98 Did not work due to temporary sickness (for casual workers only)


For codes 11-72 in question 19
[Questions 20-21 were asked of persons who worked or had regular employment, per question 19.]

20. Industry code: as in NIC-1987 _ _ _
21. Occupation code: as in NCO-1968 _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.5.12 Columns (20 and 21): Industry and occupation: For persons with any of codes 11-72 in column (19) the 3-digited industry (NIC 1987) corresponding occupation (NCO 1968) will be recorded in these two columns. The industry and occupation will correspond to the economic activity in which the highest no. of days has been spent as explained in the previous para. In cases where equal number of days is spent on two or more activities (like in case of person with serial no. 4 in the above example) the industry and occupation corresponding to the activity appearing first in the code list will be noted in column (20) and (21).


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India 1999 — source variable IN1999A_0430 — Occupation of weekly activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Industry-occupation
[Questions 4-6.]

4. Description ____
5. Industry code as in NIC-1998 _ _ _ _ _
6. Occupation code as in NCO-1968 _ _ _


For codes 11-72 in question 20
[Questions 21-22 were asked of persons who worked or had work in the previous week, per question 20.]

21. Industry code: as in NIC-1998 _ _ _ _ _
22. Occupation code: as in NCO-1968 _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.5.3.13 Columns (21 and 22): Industry and occupation: For persons with any of codes 11-72 in column (20), the 5-digit industry (NIC 1998) and 3-digit occupation (NCO 1968) will be recorded in these two columns. Note that to identify certain category of workers separately, NIC 1998 industry class code 9500 has been split and given in para 5.5.1.3. Those are to be considered here also. The industry and occupation will correspond to the economic activity in which the highest no. of days have been spent as explained in the previous para. In the cases where equal number of days is spent on two or more activities (like in case of person with serial no. 4 in the above example) the industry and occupation corresponding to the activity appearing first in the code list will be noted in columns (21) and (22).


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India 2004 — source variable IN2004A_0438 — Current weekly occupation

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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India 2009 — source variable IN2009A_0425 — Occupation (usual principal activity, NCO 2004)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5.1. Usual principal activity particulars of household members

Usual principal activity

[Questions 4 through 6 are for those actively employed (responses 11-51 in Question 3]

6. What is the respondent's occupation? (3-digit NCO-2004 code): ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4.5.1.8 Columns (4) to (6): Principal industry-occupation: Columns (4) to (6) will be filled-in for those who are 'working', i.e., those with any one of codes 11, 12, 21, 31, 41, or 51 in column (3). The description of the industry-occupation relevant to the type of economic activity pursued by the person in the status recorded in column (3) will be given in column (4). The corresponding 5-digit industry code (NIC-2004) and the 3-digit occupation code (NCO-2004) will be entered in columns (5) and (6), respectively. In case, two or more industry-occupation combinations corresponding to the status code given in column (3) have been reported by a person, the principal industry-occupation will be the one in which relatively more time has been spent during the preceding 365 days by the person.
4.5.1.9 To identify certain category of workers separately, NIC-2004 industry class code 9500 (Division 95) has been split, for the purpose of the survey, into the following sub-classes as given below:

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Indonesia 1971 — source variable ID1971A_0423 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Individual form
[Section I is the same as Section I: Household and Living Unit Information above]


IV. 10 years or older


[Questions 21-23 were asked of persons age 10 or older who had either worked last week, or have ever worked before and were looking for work last week, per questions 18, 19 and 20.]


22. Occupation (write completely)

________


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


8. Part IV: For age 10 or older
All the Questions in this part are intended for household members age 10 or older. Skip this part and the Questions if younger than 10.

8.1. Questions 18 to 23
The Questions are:
Question 18: "Have you been working in the past week?"
Question 19: "What have you been doing in the past week?"
Question 20: "Have you worked before?"
Question 21: "Type/status of job"
Question 22: "What is your job?"
Question 23: "Industry"


H. Occupation
Type of work that is or has been done by people; also type [of work] sought by job seekers.

Example:

Doctor, dentist, veterinarian, pharmacist, dietician, health and food expert
Mathematician, statistician
Lawyer, advocate, prosecutor, judge
Lecturer, teacher
Architect, designer, technician, engineer
Writer, author, journalist, newscaster
Artist, sculptor
Interior decorator, planner
Composer, musician, conductor
Clerk, stenographer, postman
Bus/train conductor
Receptionist, correspondent, analyst, travel agent
Merchant, chef, waitress/waiter, bartender, street vendor.
Housemaid, servant
Launderer
Farmer
Fisherman, breeder
Bread/pastry/sweet maker
Cigar/cigarette maker
Clothing seamstress
Shoemaker
Handyman, craftsman.


8.1.2. Filling procedure for Questions 18 to 23
The accuracy of the answer for these Questions depends on the enumerator's ability to ask the questions. To obtain the best results, follow these directions:


5. Question 22
If the answer for Question 18 [Have you worked in the past week?] is "Yes", ask for Question 22:
"What is your job?"

If the answer for Question 20 [Have you ever worked?] is "Yes", ask for Question 22:
"What was your previous job?"

Write the complete answer for Question 22. Use the type of job in the previous page. For instance, if a person works as a laborer, do not only write "Laborer" but elaborate whether he/she is a stenographer or a clerk; if a person works to produce something, write whether he/she is a shoemaker or a dressmaker, etc.


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Indonesia 1976 — source variable ID1976A_0427 — Primary occupation during past week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


D. Information on economic activity

Ask of household members age 10 or older. Ask questions person by person.


D3-D7. Primary occupation during the past week
[Questions D3-D8 were asked of persons age 10 or older who worked at least one hour during the past week, as per questions D1 and D2.]


D3. Occupation

In what occupation was your primary job during the past week?

Write in complete occupation: ____

Coded by central office: _ _ _


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


D. Economic activity

Questions for all columns in this section should only be asked to household members age 10 or older. For household members younger than 10, these columns should not be filled in at all.


Primary activity during the past week
For those who worked or ever worked during the past week, the first thing to investigate is the primary activity. If during the past week someone, besides engaging in his primary activity also engages in a side line or additional work, the investigation here is only concerned with the main activity whereas the side line or additional work will be asked about later. For those whose main activity was not work but had ever worked (at least 1 hour), then the work they did for at least 1 hour will be considered their main activity. What will be asked here is occupation, field of work, status, place of work, and duration of the work during the past week.


Column (4) type of activity/occupation
What is intended here is the type of work done by those who worked or ever worked during the past week.
For example:

Medical doctor, dentist, veterinarian, pharmacist, dietician, expert in some field


[p.24]

Health and food services.
Statistician, mathematician.
Legal expert, lawyer, prosecutor, judge.
Professor/lecturer, high school teachers, etc.
Designer, draftsman, mechanical engineer, civil engineer.
Author, critic
Clerk, expert telex operator, telephone operator.
Merchant, singer, newsboy, kiosk seller.
Housemaid, female servant, houseboy.
Barber, hair stylist, makeup artist.
Farmer
Farm worker.
Baker, cake maker, candy maker, etc.
Dressmaker, tailor, etc.
Cobbler, cobbler's assistant, shoe repairer.
Carpenter, furniture maker, window hanger/glazier, etc.


Filling in the form
If a person's main activity is work or ever worked (D1 code "1" or D2 code "Y"), then ask:
"How many kinds of jobs did you engage in during the past week?" If only a single type of job was engaged in, then that job is referred to as the primary job. If he engaged in more than one type of job, then ask for which job during the past week did he spend the longest amount of time; the job on which he spent the longest amount of time is considered the primary job. Ask the question as follows:
"What was the type of work you did for your primary job during the past week?"
Write the respondent's answer as completely as possible like the examples given above. Thus, for example, for worker don't just write worker, but what type of worker, such as loads, unloads, and carries goods, construction worker, farm worker, etc. For teachers, give details such as elementary school teacher, middle school teacher, lecturer, headmaster, etc.

Do not fill in the code for column (5); it will be filled in at C.B.S.


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Indonesia 1980 — source variable ID1980A_0434 — Primary occupation during the previous week (3 digit version)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 31-37 were asked of persons who worked for at least one hour last week or had a job to go to, as per questions 27, 28 and 29.]


34. Specify your primary occupation during the previous week

____



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Indonesia 1985 — source variable ID1985A_0431 — Primary occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

(Persons age 10 or older)
[Questions 1-17 were asked of persons age 10 or older]


Q.2 Type of main work

____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


X. Information on household members

A. Block VII: General information on household members
1. The objective of this block is to record information on items such as sex, age, schooling status, and activities conducted during the past week for every household member, starting with the member with serial number "01" and continuing to the last household member.

2. Method of filling out the form
Circle one of the codes corresponding to the respondent's answer, and then write the code in the box on the right.


Block VIII: Labor force (Persons age 10 or older)


Question 2: Type of main work
[Part of the instructions for Question 2 are missing]

The following is a table showing examples of type of main work, and how to record them correctly [table]:
[Column headings:]
(A) Examples of unclear answers
(B) Examples of clear answers

Unclear: a. Farmer
Clear: a. Processes/works on agricultural farm land; food crops (paddy, maize, cassava, soybean, etc.)

Unclear: b. Airline employee
Clear: b. Pilot; weighs passenger luggage; airline administration

Unclear: c. International hotel employee
Clear: c. Provides services to hotel guests during their stay; planning, arranging and supervising housekeeping or other hotel activities

Unclear: d. Shoe factory employee
Clear: d. Prepares the shoe sole; runs leather sewing machine; night watchman in shoe factory

Unclear: e. Casual construction worker
Clear: e. Painting office buildings/private dwellings/factories; digging foundations; installing building floor tiles

Unclear: f. Hospital employee
Clear: f. Provides treatment and advice to hospital patients; prepares the food for the patients

Unclear: g. Merchant
Clear: g. Sells food, drinks, fruits, vegetables on the side of the road; sells household wares from house to house


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Indonesia 1990 — source variable ID1990A_0434 — Main occupation last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


VII. Activity of persons age 10 or older
Household members age 10 or older
[Questions 24-38.]


24. The main activity done during previous week

[] 1 Working
[] 2 Attending school
[] 3 Housekeeping
[] 4 Other


25. Besides [answers] 2, 3, and 4 [in question 24], also worked at least 1 hour during the previous week

[Question 25 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work last week, as per question 24.]

[] 1 Yes (go to question 28)
[] 2 No


26. Having a job/business but temporarily not working during previous week

[Question 26 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work at least one hour last week, as per questions 24 and 25.]

[] 1 Yes (go to question 30)
[] 2 No


30. Type of main work during previous week (write down completely)

[Question 30 was asked of persons age 10 or older who worked at least one hour last week or had a job/business to return to, as per questions 24, 25 and 26.]

________


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


D. Block VII. Activities of persons age 10 or older

1. Purpose
The purpose of the questions in this block is to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member age 10 or older, such as field of work, type of work, work status and number of working days/hours during the past week. The work force of the community age 10 or older is divided into two categories: labor force and not in labor force. The population age 10 or older included in the labor force are those who had a job in the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvesting time, or is on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one, hopefully to obtain a job. Populations that are not in the labor force are those who in the [previous] week only attended school, took care of a household, or others who did not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking work. There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job. Also there are some [questions] for the non-working force that attends school, takes care of a household or elderly people, or [performs] other activities. In order to gain confirmation of the total population that is or is not included in the labor force, several questions will be asked in this block. Pay attention to the arrows and instructions that arrange the sequence of questions.


Question 24: Most frequent activity conducted during the past week

A week ago is a time period of 7 consecutive days that ends a day before the date of the enumeration. For example, if the enumeration was conducted on October 14, the week before began from October 7 until October 13.

Activity covers the activity of working, attending school, a homemaking and others (for example, actively seeking a job, join courses, sports, or recreation). Those who are incapable of working are categorized as "Other".

Most frequent activity is the most time consuming activity compared to the others.

The most time consuming activity is calculated by comparing the time used for work, school, household work and others (actively seeking a job, incapable of conducting an activity, courses or sports). Leisure time used for relaxing, resting, sleeping and planting for working people, attending school, or taking care of a household are not used as a comparison.

Working is an activity of conducting work in order to obtain income or profits at least for one hour during the previous week. Working for an hour has to be conducted consecutively and continuously, including those who have a job but is temporarily not working. Earnings or profits cover salary/wages including all allowances, bonus and earnings from leasing, interests and profits in the form of cash or goods.

Explanation:

a. A person who conducts activities that produce grain (paddy, maize, sorghum) or palawija = second crop (cassava, sweet potato, potato) for self-consumption and mainly for fundamental needs, not as a hobby, is considered to be working.
b. A person who conducts activities that produce goods (not rice or a second crop) for self-consumption such as sewing one's own clothes, painting for a private collection, cooking for one's own family and fishing for pleasure, is not considered to be working.
c. Household members who help the work of the household head or that of other members, for example in the rice field, stall/shop, etc. are considered to be working, although they do not receive salary/wages ("Unpaid worker")
d. A person who hires machines/farm machinery, industrial machines, party equipments, transportation vehicle or others is categorized as "Working".
e. Housemaid/servant is categorized as "Working", whether or not they are a member of their employer's household.
f. A prisoner who conducts activities such as planting, making furniture or other is not considered to be working.
g. A person who rents his farm to another person and shares the products is categorized as "Working" if he/she is responsible or is managing the farm.


Attending school is attending classes in a formal school at the primary level or other levels (secondary and high), including those on vacation. For those who also go to school and work, the activity during the past week is the one which is the most time consuming.

Taking care of the household is the activity of doing household work/helping without receiving salary/wages.

Example:
A housewife, or her children who help with household activities, is categorized as "Taking care of a household". A helper who does the same activities but receives salary/wages is not categorized as "Taking care of a household", but rather is categorized as "Working".

"Other" are activities besides working, such as attending school, household work, those who are incapable of conducting activities, such as elderly people, handicapped or those who obtain pension and do not work anymore.

Circle one of the appropriate codes based on the respondent's answer; if the answer is Code 1 continue the interview to Question 28.


Question 25: Did you work at least one hour during the past week?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continue to Question 28. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" then continue to Question 26.


Question 26: Employed but temporarily not working during the past week?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continue to Question 30. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" then continue to Question 27.

Those who are categorized as employed but are temporarily not working are those who have a job but during the past week did not work because of several causes such as illness, waiting for harvest, or on strike. Also [include] those who had a job but did not start work in the previous week.

Example:

a. A freelance professional worker who is not working because he/she is sick or waiting for the next job, such as a puppeteer, masseur, native healer and singer.
b. A civil worker or a private worker who is not working because on leave, sick, on strike, or is temporarily relieved because the establishment has stopped its activities due to for example: machinery problems, lack of raw material, etc.
c. A farmer who is not working because he/she is sick or waiting for a next job, such as waiting for harvest or the rainy season to work at the rice field.
d. A person who is in the process of waiting to be selected as a worker or has received a letter from the company (although has not started working).


Question 30: Type of main work during the past week
Write down the type of main work as completely as possible. BPS-Statistics of Indonesia will give the codes in the box. Use the Indonesian language, do not use the local terms (mocok-mocok, bawon, matun, etc).

Type of work is the type of work that is conducted by someone or assigned by someone.

Example:
Non-descriptive type of work: descriptive type of work
a. Farmer: plant/cultivate field crops (rice, corn, tuber, string beans, etc).
b. Airline employees: pilot; weighing passenger's luggage; airline administrative workers.
c. International hotel workers: provide services to guests during their stay at a hotel. Plan, manages and supervises internal work in the hotel.
d. Workers at a shoe factory: prepare sole for shoes; operate sewing machine for shoes; night watch at a shoe factory.
e. Construction workers of C.V Mulia: paint houses/offices/factories; dig in foundation building for residences/offices/ factories; install floor tiles in a building.
f. Hospital employees: provide care services and advice to patients at a hospital. Cook vegetables, meat, fish and other food for the patients.
g. Merchant: sells food, beverages, fruit, vegetables at the roadside, sells various household needs from door to door.


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Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_0445 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


VI. Economic activity of persons age 10 or older
[Questions 601 to 615]


[Questions 604-608 were asked of persons age 10 or older who are employed, worked at least one hour or held a job but were temporarily absent during the previous week, as per questions 601, 602 and 603.]


606. Occupation in the primary activity in the previous week

____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


6.6. Block VI. Activities of household members age 10 or older
This block is used to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member who is 10 or older, such as field of business, type and work status and number of working days/hours during the past week.

The work force of the community age 10 or older is categorized into two groups: work force and non-work force. The work force are those who have jobs during the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvest, on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one/hopefully obtaining a job. The non-working force are those who during the week only attended school, took care of a household, and others who do not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking a job.

There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job, and also some for the non-working force who attends school, takes care of a household, elderly people, or other non-economic activities. Then there are some that confirm the number of people who are categorized as working force and non-working force.

This block consists of 16 questions: P601 to P615, beginning with the most frequent activity conducted during the week through the field of business during the previous year.


Question 606: Type of main work during the past week
Write down the type of main work as completely as possible. The Central Bureau of Statistics/Type A Provincial Statistic Office will give the codes in the box. Use the Indonesian language, do not use the local terms (mocok-mocok, bawon, matun, etc.). If the provided place is not enough, use the empty space of the page.

Type of work is the type of work conducted by a person or assigned by someone.

Example on how to write the type of work:
Indescribable type of work -- Describable type of work

  • Farmer -- Process/develop field crops (rice, corn, tuber, string beans, etc.)
  • Official of an airline company -- Pilot; weighing passenger's luggage; airline administrative workers
  • International hotel workers -- Provide services to guests during their stay at a hotel, plan, manage and supervise internal work in the hotel
  • Workers at a shoe factory -- Prepare soles for shoes; operate sewing machine for shoes; night watch at a shoe factory
  • Construction workers -- Paint houses/offices/factories; dig in building foundation for residences/offices/factories; install floor tiles in a building
  • Hospital workers -- Provide care services and advice to patients at a hospital; cook vegetables, meat, fish and other food for the patients.
  • Merchant -- Sell food, beverages, fruit, vegetables at the roadside; sell various household needs from door to door.



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Indonesia 2005 — source variable ID2005A_0442 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


VI.C. Household members age 10 or older
[Questions 626 - 629 were asked of household members age 10 or older.]


[Questions 627 - 629 were asked of persons age 10 or older who had work in the past week, as per question 626]


627. Main industry of your work.

Write completely: ________
Filled by CBS _ _ _


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


7.7.3 Block VI.C. Household members age 10 or older


Question 628: Type of activity/occupation of main job
Type of activity is the kind of work conducted by someone or assigned to someone. The classification of type of activity/occupation used in SUPAS 2005 is based on the Indonesian "Type of activities/occupation classification (KJI)" 1982.

Method of filling in: write the type of activity/occupation of the main job as completely as possible to facilitate the processing, in particular in assigning codes at BPS. Use Indonesian terms rather than local terms (bawon, matun, etc.).

[p. 115]

Examples of writing type of activities/occupation
Examples of unclear answers

  • Farmer
  • Airline employee
  • International hotel employee
  • Shoe factory employee
  • Casual construction worker
  • Hospital employee
  • Merchant


Examples of clear answers
  • Processes/works on agricultural farm land; food crops (paddy, maize, cassava, soybean, etc.)
  • Pilot; weighs passenger luggage; airline administration
  • Provides services to hotel guests during their stay; planning, arranging and supervising housekeeping or other hotel activities
  • Prepare the shoe sole; run leather sewing machine; night watchman in shoe factory
  • Painting office buildings/private dwellings/factories; digging foundations; installing building floor tiles
  • Provides treatment and advice to hospital patients; prepares the food for the patients
  • Sells food, drinks, fruits, vegetables on the side of the road; sells household wares from house to house



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Iran 2006 — source variable IR2006A_0426 — Occupation, 3-digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For codes 1 or 2 in column 23
[Questions 24-27 were asked of persons who are employed]


24. Occupation ________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

22. Working status, column 23
Fill this column based on the following directions for all the members of the household who are 10 years old and above and leave it blank for the rest of them. To define an individual's working status, you should know the definition of work.
Work: the part of economic activities (physical or intellectual), the purpose of which is to gain profits (cash or non-cash) for the goal of producing goods or demonstrating service.
People who work are distributed in two major groups; freelance (they work for themselves) and salaried (they get paid in exchange for their work). Pay attention to the following:
The following people's activities are also considered as work:
- Individuals who work for one of the household members without earning an income (working for free for family). These people are usually women and teenagers who help other members of the family for free in activities such as farming, animal husbandry, carpet weaving, etc.
- Individuals serving in the military service.
- Individuals who serve in the Basij militia and earn money from it.
- Individuals who work at their residence in order to earn money, such as carpet weaving, sewing, hairdressing, typing, tutoring, fixing small electronics, baby-sitting, etc.
- Individuals who are occupied with activities like carpet weaving and sewing in order to produce durable goods for their own consumption.
- Individuals who are building, fixing or redecorating their own residence.
- Individuals who are interning and are involved directly in the production of goods and service, whether it is for exchange of money or not.
- Women or men who are occupied with activities such as farming, gardening, animal husbandry, fishing, etc.

The following activities are not considered as work:
- Unpaid activities at home for other members of the household like cooking, house holding, taking care of children, etc., which are mostly done by women.
- Social volunteering services at charities and Basij, etc.
- Small house maintenances such as faucets and valves, fixing windows and small electronics.
- Investing in economical activities without participating in management or actual operations, such as the stock exchange or investing money in companies.


23. Occupation, Industry, "Employment status", Columns 24, 25 and 26
Fill these columns for any 10 years old and above member of the household who have worked in the last 7 days, or have a job but have not worked in the past 7 days for specific reasons (codes 1 and 2 in column 23) and leave it blank for other members.
Note:

- For those who have a job but have not worked in the past 7 days (temporarily absent, code 2 in column 23), fill these columns based on the usual job of the person.
- For those who have worked in another field other than their usual job in the past 7 days (code 1 in column 23), fill these columns based on the person's field of work in the last 7 days.
- For those who have worked in more than one field in the past 7 days, fill these columns based on what they give you as their main job. If the respondent fails to indicate the main job, consider the one they have allocated more time to during the past week, and if the timing was even for all the jobs, consider the one that they have more work experience in.


23.1. Occupation, Column 24
Occupation is the type of the work (based on the definition of work and its examples) which has been performed by the individual during the past 7 days. In case of temporarily absent individuals, occupation is the type of the work they have carried out during the time of employment.
All of the mentioned occupations for this question will be coded based on the standard international occupation categorization. Therefore it is necessary to write the name of the occupation clearly and detailed in this column.

- Usually there are different occupations at the work place, so take note to mark the one the individual is practicing. For example there are different occupations at an elementary school such as principal, teacher, janitor, etc.
- Note not to mix profession or field of study with occupation, because they are not necessarily the same. For instance, if an agricultural engineer is working as an accounting chief administrator, his occupation is the "accounting chief administrator".
- For those who have more than one occupation in agriculture, pay attention to define their main occupation. Agricultural occupations are: "farmer", "gardener", "saplings planter", "florist", "animal husbandry", "breeding poultry", "apiculture", "pisciculturist", "breeding silkworms".
- In order to define some agricultural occupations, such as "farmer", "gardener", "saplings planter", consider the following descriptions:

- Farmer is someone who works in planting, fertilizing and harvesting one or more annual crops, such as wheat, oat, rice, sugarcane, vegetables, summer crops, etc.
- Gardner is someone who works in producing permanent products such as apples, pears, grapes, oranges, tea, etc.
- Saplings planter is someone who breeds saplings and sells them to gardeners.

- Considering that some occupations, specifically in production like dairy, spinning and weaving, weaving carpets, etc., can be performed with or without the help of machinery, be specific in asking them about their occupations. If their occupation is with the help of machinery, mention "operator" in writing the name of the occupation; such as "dairy production operator", "spinning operator", "carpet weaving operator".
- In cases in which carrying out job duties requires different skills, consider the duties that need the highest level of skills as the occupation. For instance, if someone is performing both as a typist and archivist in a company, record the one which requires higher skills as his occupation.
- In cases in which job duties are related to different stages of production and distribution of goods and services, if none of the duties overcomes the others, consider the duties related to production as their occupation. For example, if someone is working in a confectionery both baking and selling goods, consider their occupation as confectioner.
- For military and disciplinary services' employees, except those serving military services, assign "military" or "disciplinary" where needed.
- For those who are serving in military services, either in military or disciplinary forces, consider "serving in military service" as their occupation; otherwise, consider their duties in the serving location as their occupation.
- For those serving in the Basij militia and this service is considered as their job and they are earning an income from it, write down "military".
- Avoid writing general titles such as employee, technician, worker, doctor, engineer, agriculturalist, teacher, specialist, free-lancer, shoemaker, goldsmith, driver, etc., because each of these general titles include several job titles which have individual codes in job categories.


The following examples are to illustrate this matter:

An employee might be an archivist, bank inspector, commissionaire, court's secretary, agriculture organization's supervisor, financial assistant, in charge of contracts, etc.

Job Title: in charge of contracts
Job code: 2441
Job Title: archivist
Job code: 4141
Job Title: bank inspector
Job code: 2490
Job Title: commissionaire
Job code: 3416
Job Title: court's secretary
Job code: 3432
Job Title: agriculture organization's supervisor
Job code: 1421
Job Title: financial assistant
Job code: 1427

A technician might be medical laboratory technician, census technician, electrical technician, dentistry technician, safety technician, etc.

Job Title: medical laboratory technician
Job code: 3211
Job Title: census technician
Job code: 3434
Job Title: electrical technician
Job code: 3113
Job Title: dentistry technician
Job code: 3225
Job Title: safety technician
Job code: 5161

A worker can work as a bath-keeper, construction worker, door and window welder, house painter, bookbinder, metal smelter, well digger, fruit picker, spinner, simple farm worker, etc.

Job Title: bath-keeper
Job code: 5149
Job Title: construction worker
Job code: 9314
Job Title: door and window welder
Job code: 7221
Job Title: house painter
Job code: 7141
Job Title: bookbinder
Job code: 7345
Job Title: metal melter
Job code: 8125
Job Title: well digger
Job code: 7126
Job Title: fruit picker
Job code: 9211
Job Title: spinner
Job code: 7431
Job Title: simple farm worker
Job code: 9211

A doctor might be a physician, dentist, hospital administrator, university professor, Member of Parliament deputy, etc.

Job Title: physician
Job code: 2221
Job Title: dentist
Job code: 2222
Job Title: hospital administrator
Job code: 1410
Job Title: university professor
Job code: 2310
Job Title: Member of Parliament deputy
Job code: 1100

An engineer might be company director, minister, plane designer, etc.

Job Title: company director
Job code: 1410
Job Title: minister
Job code: 1100
Job Title: plane designer
Job code: 2145

An agriculturalist might be a farmer, animal husbandry, saplings planter, gardener, etc.

Job Title: farmer
Job code: 6111
Job Title: animal husbandry
Job code: 6121
Job Title: saplings planter
Job code: 6113
Job Title: gardener
Job code: 6112

A teacher might be an elementary school teacher, middle school teacher, kindergarten teacher, exceptional children school teacher, etc.

Job Title: elementary school teacher
Job code: 2331
Job Title: middle school teacher
Job code: 2320
Job Title: kindergarten teacher
Job code: 2332
Job Title: exceptional children school teacher
Job code: 2340

A specialist might be a census specialist, job categorization specialist, public relations specialist, speech specialist, etc.

Job Title: census specialist
Job code: 2122
Job Title: job categorization specialist
Job code: 2412
Job Title: public relations specialist
Job code: 2490
Job Title: speech specialist
Job code: 3229

A free-lancer might be a land-agent, merchant, building contractor, peddler, salesman, cobbler, etc.

Job Title: land-agent
Job code: 3413
Job Title: merchant
Job code: 1424
Job Title: building contractor
Job code: 1423
Job Title: peddler
Job code: 9111
Job Title: salesman
Job code: 5220
Job Title: cobbler
Job code: 7442

A shoemaker might be a shoe seller, or hand-made shoemaker or machine-made shoemaker.

Job Title: shoe seller
Job code: 5220
Job Title: hand-made shoemaker
Job code: 7442
Job Title: machine-made shoemaker
Job code: 8266

A goldsmith might be making or selling gold.

Job Title: goldsmith
Job code: 7313
Job Title: jeweler
Job code: 5220

A driver might be train driver, motorcyclist, taxi driver, bus driver, truck driver, tractor driver, loader driver and crane driver.

Job Title: train driver
Job code: 8311
Job Title: motorcyclist
Job code: 8321
Job Title: taxi driver
Job code: 8322
Job Title: bus driver
Job code: 8323
Job Title: truck driver
Job code: 8324
Job Title: tractor driver
Job code: 8331
Job Title: loader driver
Job code: 8332
Job Title: crane driver
Job code: 8333


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Iran 2011 — source variable IR2011A_0460 — Occupation (3-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Activity and marital status - For people aged 10 and over

Questions 26-28 for those who are working, doing unpaid work in the household business, or are temporarily absent from work

27. Job (It should be avoided to write general titles such as clerk, farmer, and self-employment) ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 23 -30, Employment and marital status -General description

[Picture omitted]
Fill these columns for individual 10-year or older.
Columns 26 -29, main activity of the workplace, job, job status, workplace
[Picture omitted]
Fill these columns if codes 1, 2, or 3 are checked in column 23, and leave it blank for the rest.
• For individuals who were temporarily absent from work (column 23 code 3) fill this column according to their usual job.
• When filling these columns for an individual who worked a job other than his usual one in the past 7 days [column 23 code 1] consider the most recent job carried.
• When filling these columns for individuals who work multiple jobs, consider the main job carried. If the respondent cannot specify the answer, the job that individual worked the highest number of hours carrying in the past 7 days is the main job. If the individual spends equal number of hours at each job, then the main job is the one that the individual has stayed with the longest.
Column 27, occupation
Occupation, is an activity, based on definitions and examples, which is carried by the individual in the past 7 days. Occupation of temporarily absent individuals is the one conducted by such individual when is employed.
[Picture omitted]
All occupations are named based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations [ISCO].
• In most workplaces there are different types of occupation e.g. in an elementary school occupation titles include director, principal, teacher, janitor, etc. Make sure to ask specific question about the type of occupation an individual carries in a workplace.
• Make a distinction between the field of study and occupation e.g. an agriculture engineer may work in the position of manager of accounting. In this case the latter is the occupation.
• Make sure to find out the main occupation if the individual is a farming because some farmers work in more than one area of agriculture.
• Have the following definitions in mind when documenting farming occupations:
[1] Field crop and vegetable growers are farmers who plant, grow, and harvest one or more annual plants such as wheat, oat, rice, sugar beet, vegetable, etc.
[2] Tree and shrub crop growers are perennial plant farmers who grow apples, pears, grapes, oranges, tea, etc.
[3] Gardeners, horticultural and nursery growers.
• Specify whether or not the industry is mechanized and write the term "operator" when necessary.
• If the occupation requires different skills, document the highest level of responsibility the individual carries e.g. for a typist who does archiving in the same workplace, document the latter.
• If the individual carries responsibilities from manufacturing to distribution of goods and does not single out one as the main job, document the job related to manufacturing. For example if the pastry chef sells the confectionary at the counter write pastry chef.
• Document the rank for serviceperson and police officers, except for privates doing conscription.
• For privates who are spending their conscription in military or police force write conscription, otherwise write the job they are performing in the agency.
• For paid individual who is serving in Basij militia write serviceman.
[Picture omitted]
• Avoid general titles such as employee, technician, laborer, physician, engineer, farmer, teacher, specialist, own- account worker, repairman, and goldsmith because each comprise several titles with its individual code. See tables on pages 118 - 122.
[Table omitted]
Quite often there is a relation between the occupation and main activity of the workplace. See examples in table on Page 120.
• Avoid general titles for agricultural and livestock farmers. There is almost always a relation between the occupation and the main activity of workplace, therefore, when documenting the latter, write the type of economic activity and the product. Document the traditional vs. industrial for farming activities. See table on page 121.
• See examples of occupations which are not related to the main activity of the workplace in table on 122.
Answers in column 26 and 27 are read by software.

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Iraq 1997 — source variable IQ1997A_0453 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons six years old and more
[Applies to questions 46-52]


47. Main occupation ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

47. The main occupation:
Mentioned the main occupation that the persons practiced who working full time or part time and unemployed persons are seeking for work, students, and housewives working part time and pensioners who are working.
[p.16]
The main occupation means the nature or type of work that the person practices and spending most of his time fulfilling it. The occupation must be written clearly for example (civil engineer, electric engineer, general surgeon doctor, dentist, etc.).
The domestic work of a housewife, students and retirement are not counted as occupation. As for unemployed who are seeking for work indicated the main occupation that they were practicing before.
If the person is working in tins factory he has to write the type of the item that is tinned

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Ireland 1971 — source variable IE1971A_0416 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 14-18 are be completed for each person aged 14 years or older]


14. Principal occupation ____

If usually working for payment or profit, even if at present out of work, state here the usual principal occupation, giving a full description. For other persons, write as appropriate: "Home duties", "At school" (primary, secondary or vocational), "Student" (medicine, law etc.), "Not yet at work", etc.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The Enumerator should check that, within his knowledge, there is no inconsistency between the answers in this column and those given in Columns 4, 14 and 16.

Questions 14, 15 and 16 are the most difficult and require the most careful scrutiny. Question 14 should be answered for all persons aged 14 years or over, while questions 15 and 16 should be answered for persons who have a job or who are out of work.


Question 14 - Principal occupation.
This question should be answered for all persons aged 14 years or over.

The Enumerator should study the relevant Notes in Form N with particular care as they cover most of the usual difficulties in regard to the statement of principal occupation. The heading of Column 14 refers to a person "Working for payment or profit" and this means, in effect, any person with a job. Thus, a person who is mainly engaged in assisting a relative on a farm, in a shop or in any other commercial enterprise should be regarded as having a job, even if he receives no payment, or no regular payment. On the other hand, a housewife, who assists in the family business, but who is mainly engaged in housework, should be entered as "Home duties". A member of a religious body should be considered as having a job, even if he or she receives no payment.

The Enumerators should ensure that the description of occupation given is precise, Following are examples of terms which are not sufficiently precise in themselves and of possible correct descriptions which should be entered in Column 14 in such cases:-

Incorrect entry

Accountant
Agent
Assistant
Checker
Civil Servant
Clerk
Collector
Contractor
Director
Driver
Engineer
Factory worker
Fitter
Foreman
Inspector
Laborer
Machinist
Manager
Manufacturer
Mechanic
Merchant
Porter
Printer
Secretary
Technician

Possible Correct Entry
Chartered Accountant
Manufacturer's agent
Shop Assistant
Ticket Checker
Civil Servant-Clerical Officer
Stores Clerk
Rent Collector
Building Contractor
Sales Director
Lorry Driver
Civil Engineer
Hosiery machine Operator
Gas Fitter
Garage Foreman
Maintenance Inspector
Dock Laborer
Drilling Machine Operator
Restaurant Manager
Furniture Manufacturer
Motor Mechanic
Shopkeeper
Gate Porter
Compositor
Medical Secretary
Laboratory Technician


p. 25

If in doubt as to how a particular occupation should be described it is better to give a detailed description rather than to omit particulars which may be essential for purposes of statistical classification.


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Ireland 1981 — source variable IE1981A_0420 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Q. 16 Occupation _____
If at work, state here the usual principal occupation, giving a full description. If unemployed or retired, describe the principal occupation previously held. For students or persons at school, state the type (secondary, community, vocational, university, etc.)


Question 16: Occupation

(i) If working, state the usual principal occupation (i.e., the one by which living is mainly earned).
(ii) If unemployed or retired, describe the principal occupation previously held.
(iii) In all cases describe the occupation fully and precisely, using any special name by which the job is known and stating the type of work done. The following are examples of the types of occupational descriptions which should be used: "Hosiery machine operator", "Dock laborer", "Gas fitter", "Ticket checker", "Woodworking machinist", "Builder's laborer", "Electrical fitter", "Goods checker", "Sound technician", "Civil engineer", "Garage foreman", "Radio mechanic", "Laboratory technician", "Electrical engineer", "Site foreman", "Motor mechanic". General terms such as "Machine operator", "Technician", "Laborer", "Engineer", "Fitter", "Foreman", "Checker", or "Mechanic" should not be used alone.
(iv) For civil servants and local government employees, the grade should be stated. For Army or Garda personnel, the rank should be stated.
(v) For teachers, the branch of teaching should be stated (e.g., "Primary teacher", "Vocational teacher", etc.)
(vi) For clergy and members of religious orders engaged in teaching or other service, a full description should be given, such as "Christian Brother, primary teacher", "Nun, general hospital nurse", etc.
(vii) For students or persons in school, state the type of school or institution (e.g. "Secondary", "Community", "Vocational", "University", etc.)


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Q.15 to Q.19:
The Questions on the person's position in regard to employment (Questions 15-19) are the most difficult to check and require the most careful study. These Questions should be answered for each persons aged 15 years and over. (i.e. born on or before 5 April, 1966). Answers in respect of persons aged under 15 should be ignored.

Q.16: Occupation
You should study the relevant Note with particular care as it covers most of the usual difficulties experienced in answering this Question. The Occupation must be given for every person in Category 1, 3 or 6 at Question 15. The type of educational establishment being attended should be stated for a person in Category 4 at Question 15. You may observe apparent discrepancies between the answers to Question 15 and 16 (e.g. an Occupation stated at Question 16 for a person categorised as "at School Student" at Question 15) but you need not take any action in this regard. Note however, that there is a tendency for housewives to be described as "Home (or Domestic) Duties" in reply to the question on Occupation. Such an entry is a valid one only when it relates to a domestic servant and it should be struck out if is given for a housewife.

You should ensure that the description of the Occupation is precise. Following are examples of terms which are not sufficiently precise in themselves and of possible correct descriptions which should be entered in such cases:-

Inadequate entry
Accountant
Agent
Assistant
Checker
Civil Servant
Clerk
Collector
Contractor
Director
Driver
Engineer
Factory Worker
Fitter
Foreman
Inspector
Labourer
Machinist
Manager
Manufacturer
Mechanic
Merchant
Porter
Printer
Secretary
Technician

Possible Correct Entry
Chartered Accountant
Manufacturer's Agent
Shop Assistant
Ticket Checker
Civil Servant - Clerical Officer
Stores Clerk
Rent Collector
Building Contractor
Sales Director
Lorry Driver
Civil Engineer
Hosiery Machine Operator
Gas Fitter
Garage Foreman
Maintenance Inspector
Dock Labourer
Drilling Machine Operator
Restaurant Manager
Furniture Manufacturer
Motor Mechanic
Shopkeeper
Gate Porter
Compositor
Medical Secretary
Laboratory Technician

If in doubt as to how a particular occupation should, be described, it is better to give a detailed description rather than to omit particulars which may be essential for purposes of valid statistical classification.


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Ireland 1986 — source variable IE1986A_0418 — Occupation group
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 15-22 relate to persons aged 15 years or over]

Q.16 Occupation___

If at work, state here the usual principal occupation, giving a full description. In unemployed or retired, describe the principal occupation previously held. For students or persons at school, state the type (secondary, community, vocational, university, etc)

Question 16: Occupation

(i) If working, state the usual principal occupation (i.e., the one by which living is mainly earned).
(ii) If unemployed or retired, describe the principal occupation previously held.
(iii) In all cases describe the occupation fully and precisely, using any special name by which the job is known and stating the type of work done. The following are examples of the types of occupational descriptions which should be used: "Hosiery machine operator", "Dock laborer", "Gas fitter", "Ticket checker", "Woodworking machinist", "Builder's laborer", "Electrical fitter", "Goods checker", "Sound technician", "Civil engineer", "Garage foreman", "Radio mechanic", "Laboratory technician", "Electrical engineer", "Site foreman", "Motor mechanic". General terms such as "Machine operator", "Technician", "Laborer", "Engineer", "Fitter", "Foreman", "Checker", or "Mechanic" should not be used alone.
(iv) For civil servants and local government employees, the grade should be stated. For Army or Garda personnel, the rank should be stated.
(v) For teachers, the branch of teaching should be stated (e.g., "Primary teacher", "Vocational teacher", etc.)
(vi) For clergy and members of religious orders engaged in teaching or other service, a full description should be given, such as "Christian Brother, primary teacher", "Nun, general hospital nurse", etc.
(vii) For students or persons in school, state the type of school or institution (e.g. "Secondary", "Community", "Vocational", "University", etc.)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Q.15 to Q.20:
The questions on the person's position in regard to employment (questions 15-20) are the most difficult to check and require the most careful study. These Questions should be answered for each person aged 15 years and over (i.e., born on or before 13 April, 1971). For persons younger than 15, these questions should be ignored.

Q. 16: Occupation
You should study the relevant Note with particular care as it covers most of the usual difficulties experienced in answering this Question. The occupation must be given for every person in
Category 1, 3, or 6 on Question 15. The type of educational establishment being attended should be stated for a person in Category 4 at Question 15. You may observe apparent discrepancies between the answers to Questions 15 and 16 (e.g. an occupation stated at Question 16 for a person categorised as "At school, student" at Question 15) but you need not take any action in this regard. Note however, that there is a tendency for housewives to be described as "Home (or
domestic) duties" in reply to the question on occupation. Such an entry is a valid one only when it relates to a domestic servant and it should be struck out if it is given for a housewife.

You should ensure that the description of the occupation is precise. Following are examples of terms which are not sufficiently precise in themselves and of possible correct descriptions which should be entered in such cases:

[The table illustrating inadequate entry and possible correct entry has been omitted]

If in doubt as to how a particular occupation should be described, it is better to give a detailed description rather than to omit particulars which may be essential for purposes of valid statistical classification.


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Ireland 1991 — source variable IE1991A_0420 — Occupation group
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 16-24 relate to persons aged 15 years and over]

Q.20 Occupation ___

If at work, state here the usual principal occupation, giving a full description. If unemployed or retired, describe the principal occupation previously held. Persons described as farmers or farm workers should also state the area of the land currently/previously farmed. For students or persons at school state the type of school (secondary, community, vocational, university, etc.).
Explanatory notes

Question 20: Occupation

(i) If at work, state the usual principal occupation: i.e., that by which the living is mainly earned.
(ii) If unemployed or retired, describe the principal occupation previously held.
(iii) In all cases, describe the occupation fully and precisely using any special name by which the job is known and stating the type of work done. The following are examples of the types of occupational descriptions which should be used: "Hosiery machine operator", "Dock laborer", "Gas fitter", "Ticket checker", "Woodworking machinist", "Builder's laborer", "Electrical fitter", "Goods checker", "Sound technician", "Civil engineer", "Garage foreman", "Radio mechanic", "Laboratory technician", "Electrical engineer", "Site foreman", "Motor mechanic".
General terms such as "Machine operator", "Technician", "Laborer", "Engineer", "Fitter", "Foreman", "Checker", "Mechanic" should not be used alone.
(iv) For civil servants and local government employees, the grade should be stated. For Army or Garda personnel, the rank should be stated.
(v) For teachers, the branch of teaching should be stated: i.e., "Primary teacher", "Vocational teacher", etc.
(vi) For clergy and members of religious orders engaged in teaching or other service, a full description should be given, such as "Christian brother, primary teacher", "Nun, general hospital nurse", etc.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Appendix 1

Q.19 through Q.23: Employment
The questions on the person's position in regard to employment (Questions 19-23) are the most difficult to check and require the most careful study. These questions should be answered for all persons aged 15 years and over (i.e., born on or before 21 April, 1976). Answers in respect of persons aged younger than 15 should be ignored.

Q.20: Occupation
You should study the relevant Notes with particular care, as it covers most of the usual difficulties experienced in answering this question. The occupation must be given for every person in Category 1, 3, or 6 at Question 19. The type of educational establishment being attended should be stated for a person in Category 4 at Question 19. You may observe apparent discrepancies between the answers to Questions 19 and 20 (e.g., an occupation stated at Question 20 for a person categorized as "School student" at Question 19) but you need not take any action in this regard. Note however, that there is a tendency for housewives to be described as "Home (or domestic) duties" in reply to the question on Occupation. Such an entry is a valid one only when it relates to a domestic servant and it should be struck out if it is given for a housewife.

Q.24: Farming activity
This question attempts to identify all persons engaged in farming on their own behalf regardless of their principal occupation. Accordingly, there should be a "Yes" entry here (option 1 chosen) in all cases where the occupation "Farmer" is entered at Question 20 and category 1 chosen at Question 19. For other combinations of Questions 19 and 20 either option 2 or 3 is valid. In particular, a farm labourer who does not farm in his spare time for himself should choose option 3.


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Ireland 1996 — source variable IE1996A_0423 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 15-24 were asked of persons 15 years and over]

Q.19 Occupation ________

If at work, state here the usual principal occupation, giving a full description.
If unemployed or retired, describe the principal occupation previously held.
Persons described as farmers or farm workers should also state the area of the land currently/previously farmed.
Explanatory notes

[Questions 15-24 relate only to persons aged 15 years and over]

Question 19 - Occupation

  • If at work, state the usual principal occupation i.e. that by which the living is mainly earned.
  • If unemployed or retired, describe the principal occupation previously held.
  • In all cases describe the occupation fully and precisely using any special name by which the job is known and stating the type of work done. The following are examples of the types of occupational descriptions which should be used:
    • Retail store/shop manager
    • Computer systems manager
    • Garage manager
    • Civil engineer
    • Electrical engineer
    • Software engineer
    • Trainee chartered accountant
    • Laboratory technician
    • Electronic technician
    • Analyst/programmer
    • Secretary/receptionist
    • Gas fitter
    • Motor mechanic
    • Wood machinist
    • Ticket checker
    • Child minder
    • Food process worker
    • Chemical plant operator
    • Builder's labourer
    • Dock labourer
  • General terms such as "Manager", "Accountant", "Contractor", "Machine operator", "Technician", "Labourer", "Engineer", "Fitter", "Foreman", "Checker", "Mechanic", should not be used alone.
  • For civil servants and local government employees, the grade should be stated. For Army or Garda personnel, .the rank should be stated.
  • For teachers, the branch of teaching should be stated, i.e. ''primary teacher", "vocational teacher", etc.
  • For clergy and members of religious orders engaged in teaching or other service, a full description should be given such as "Christian Brother, primary teacher", "Nun, general hospital nurse", etc.
  • If a farmer or farm worker, regardless of present status (Question 18), state also the area and units (statute acres/hectares) of the land farmed (i.e. including land taken and excluding land left.
  • Specifically, if retired, then state the area farmed at retirement.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions which cover persons 15 years and over

Q.19: Occupation
The Occupation must be provided for every person who ticks boxes 1,3 or 6 at Question 18. Housewives (i.e.) those who ticked (box 5 at Q.18) often answer this question by writing 'Home (or Domestic) Duties' as their occupation. Although inappropriate, no attempt should be made to alter this response.
You should ensure that the description of the Occupation is precise. In the list below some examples of correct and inadequate occupation descriptions are given:
Inadequate Entry
Analyst
Secretary
Minder
Process worker
Operator
Manager
Accountant
Machine operator
Technician
Labourer
Worker
Engineer
Fitter
Foreman
Checker
Mechanic
Possible Correct Entry
Analyst/programmer
Secretary /receptionist
Child minder
Food process worker
Chemical plant operator
Retail store/shop manager
Computer systems manager
Garage manager
Trainee chartered accountant
Wood Machinist
Laboratory technician
Electronic technician
Builder's labourer
Dock worker
Electrical engineer
Civil engineer
Software engineer
Gas fitter
Garage foreman
Ticket checker
Motor mechanic
If in doubt as to how a particular occupation should be described, it is better to give a full and detailed description. Particular care should be taken to ensure that, in the case of farmers or farm workers and regardless of present status, the area of the farm is inserted.


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Ireland 2002 — source variable IE2002A_0421 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 20-26 apply to people aged 15 and over]


25 If you are:

  • Working for payment or profit (Q24 box 1)
  • Unemployed (Q24 box 3)
  • retired (Q24 box 6)

Answer the following questions about your main job or your last main job if you are not currently employed. Otherwise skip to Q32.


27 What is (was) your occupation in your main job?

In all cases describe the occupation fully and precisely giving the full job title.

Use precise terms such as: "Retail store manager", "Building contractor", "Printing machine operator", "Secondary teacher", "Electrical engineer", or "Builders laborer".

Do NOT use general terms such as: "Manager", "Contractor", "Machine operator, Teacher", "Engineer", or "Laborer". Civil servants and local government employees should state their grade (e.g., "Clerical officer"). Garda or Army [should] state their rank (e.g., "Garda sergeant"). Teachers should state the brach of teaching (e.g., "Primary teacher"). Clergy and religious orders should give a full description (e.g., "Nun registered general nurse").

Write your main occupation________

If a farmer or farm worker, write the size of the farm:
_ _ _ _ Acres or _ _ _ _ hectares


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 26 to 31 are to be answered by persons who are working for payment or profit, unemployed or retired (i.e., those who have ticked boxes 1, 3, or 6 for question 24).

27. What is (was) your occupation in your main job?

In all cases describe the occupation fully and precisely giving the full job title.

Write your main OCCUPATION. _______
If a farmer or farm worker, write the SIZE of the farm.
_ _ _ _ Acres OR _ _ _ _ Hectares

The information that Question 27 will provide is used to build a picture of occupational groups and how occupations are changing over time.

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Ireland 2006 — source variable IE2006A_0424 — Occupation group
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B. Person Form

27. If you are:

- working for payment or profit (Q26 box 1)
- unemployed (Q 26 box 3)
- retired (Q26 box 6)

Answer the following questions about your main job or your last main job if you are not currently employed. Otherwise, skip to Q34.

29. What is (was) your occupation in your main job? In all cases, describe the occupation fully and precisely giving the full job title. Use precise terms such as "Retail store manager" or "Secondary teacher". Civil servants and local government employees should state their grade e.g. "Senior administrative officer".

Write your main occupation______

If a farmer or worker, write in the size of the farm: ___ hectares
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 28 to 33 are to be answered by persons who are working for payment or profit, unemployed or retired (.i.e. Those who have ticked boxes 1, 3, or 5 for question 26).

29. What is (was) your occupation in your main job?

In all cases, describe the occupation fully and precisely giving the full job title.
Use precise terms such as:
Retail Store Manager
Secondary Teacher
Electrical Engineer
Do not use general terms such as:
Manager
Teacher
Engineer
Civil servants and local government employees should state their grade e.g. Senior administrative officer. Members of the Garda or Army should state their rank. Teachers should state the branch of teaching e. g. Primary teacher. Clergy and religious orders should give full description e.g. Nun

Write in your main occupation.

If a farmer or worker, write in the size of the farm.
___ Hectares

The information that Question 29 will provide is used to build a picture of occupational groups and how occupations are changing over time.
[p.71]

Some guidelines on answering question 29:

  • The Occupation must be provided for every person who ticked
Working for payment or profit
Unemployed
Retired from employment in Q26.
  • Housewives (i.e. those who ticked box 5 at Q26) often answer this question by writing 'Home (or Domestic) Duties' as their occupation. Although inappropriate, no attempt should be made to alter this response.
  • You should ensure that the description of the Occupation is precise in accordance with the question instructions.
  • If asked, you should advise the householder/person to describe their Occupation in precise terms. In the list below some examples of correct and inadequate occupation descriptions are given:
Inadequate Entry / Possible Correct entry
Analyst / Analyst programmer
Secretary / Secretary receptionist
Minder / Child minder
Process worker / Food process worker
Operator / Chemical plant operator
Manager / Retail store/shop manager
Manager / Computer systems manager
Manager / Garage manager
Accountant / Trainee chartered accountant
Machine operator / Wood machinist
Technician / Medical laboratory technician
Technician / Electronic technician
Labourer / Builder's labourer
Worker / Dock worker
Engineer / Electrical engineer
Engineer / Civil engineer
Engineer / Software engineer
Fitter / Gas fitter
Foreman / Garage foreman
Checker / Ticket checker
Mechanic / Motor mechanic
  • If in doubt as to how a particular occupation should be described, it is better to give a full and detailed description.
  • Hectares should only be answered by a farmer or farm worker.

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Ireland 2011 — source variable IE2011A_0449 — Occupation (shuffled)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

23. If you are aged under 15
Go to Q34
[Questions 24-33 were asked for persons age 15+.]
28. If you are working, unemployed or retired, go to Q29.
If you are a student, go to Q34.
Otherwise, go to Q35.

[Q29-Q33 were asked for persons who were working, unemployed or retired.]

30. What is (was) your occupation in your main job?

In all cases describe the occupation fully and precisely giving the full job title.
Use precise terms such as: retail store manager, secondary teacher, electrical engineer
Do not use general terms such as: manager, teacher, engineer.

Civil servants and local government employees should state their grade e.g. senior administrative officer. Members of the Gardaí or Army should state their rank. Teachers should state the branch of teaching e.g. primary teacher. Clergy and religious orders should give full description e.g. nun, registered general nurse.

Write in your main occupation. ____

If a farmer, write in the size of the area farmed to the nearest hectare.
_ _ _ _ Hectares
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 24 to 33 should be answered only by persons 15 years and over

Persons who are working should answer questions 29, 30, 32 and 34.

Persons who are retired should answer questions 29 and 30 only.

Persons who are unemployed should answer questions 29, 30 and 32 only.

All other persons should not answer any of the questions 29, 30, 32, 33 or 34.

Question 30. The information that question 30 will provide is used to build a picture of occupational groups and how occupations are changing over time.

Persons who are unemployed or retired should base their answer on the work that they did last.


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Italy 2001 — source variable IT2001A_0450 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons over 15 years of age must answer questions starting from point 6.
Persons under 15 years of age must answer questions starting from point 8.


[Questions 6.1-7.12 were asked of persons over 15 years of age.]


7. Work activity
[Questions 7.1 to 7.12 were asked of those who worked one or more hours of paid work, or as contributing family worker.]

To answer questions from 7.1 to 7.12, refer to the main work activities (activities where the greater number of hours were worked)


7.9 Indicate what your work activity consists in

(For each answer proposed, in parenthesis there are examples of professions where these activities are carried out)

[] 0 Work as officer, non-commissioned officer, cadet or volunteer in the Armed Forces - Army, Navy, Air Force, Carabinieri (Lieutenant General, Colonel Medical Corp, Sargent, Carabinieri cadet)
[] 1 Direct business or manage the work of complex organizational structures (Businessman, public or private Manager, Head of clinical, Schoolmaster, Merchant)
[] 2 Work in an organizational, technical, intellectual, scientific or artistic field requiring a high level of qualification (Cardiologist, University professor, Grade school or Secondary school professor, Engineer, Chemist, Procedural analyst, Researcher)
[] 3 Work in a technical, administrative, sporting or artistic field requiring an average level of qualification (Physiotherapist, Accountant, Electronic technician, Computer technician, Athlete, Elementary school teacher, Sales representative)
[] 4 Work as non-technical office worker (Clerk, Typist, Bank teller, Switchboard operator)
[] 5 Sale to the public or provide services to people (Sales clerk, Traffic policeman, Hairdresser, Cook, Waiter, Customs officer)
[] 6 Grow plants and/or raise animals (Farmer, Fruit grower, Cattle breeder)
[] 7 Work as specialized laborer (Mason, Mechanic, Air Conditioning technician, Shoemaker, Taylor, Carpenter)
[] 8 Work on fixed manufacturing systems, machinery, assembly lines or drive vehicles (Fork lift driver, Assembly of electronic equipment, Truck driver, Taxi driver)
[] 9 Work as laborer or non-specialized service (Farmhand, Janitor, Building laborer, Domestic servant, Mailman, Concierge, Porter, Travelling salesman)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

7. Work activity
Answer question 7.1 and question 7.12 by referring to the main job carried out during the week preceding the date of the Census (from 14 to 20 October, 2001).
The term main work activities refers to the job where the greatest number of working hours was employed.
Employed persons who, during the week preceding the date of the Census (from 14 to 20 October, 2001), did not work because they were on vacation, illness, on income support, on leave of absence etc., must refer to the main job usually performed.
Persons who, during the week preceding the date of the Census (from 14 to 20 October, 2001), changed job must refer to their new job carried out at the end of that week.


Question 7.9
In order to properly answer this question, refer to the following definitions. Work as laborer or provide unspecialized service. This refers to work that requires competence and experience in carrying out simple tasks, in some cases requiring considerable physical effort. Usually no certificate is required for these jobs.
Work on fixed manufacturing systems, machinery, assembly lines or drives vehicles. This refers to those jobs that require sufficient competence and experience to run and supervise production systems, equipment, automated assembly line, drive vehicles and assemble products. A mandatory level of schooling is usually sufficient for these jobs.
Work as specialized laborer. This refers to those jobs that require sufficient competence and experience to perform qualified manual work and knowledge of the materials and instruments to be used in the productive process, as well as knowledge of the various phases of the process up to the final product. This class also includes those who work to extract raw materials and in building constructions, and those who produce goods including artisans. A mandatory level of schooling is usually sufficient for these jobs.
Grow plants and/or raise animals. This refers to those jobs that require sufficient competence and experience to cultivate plants, breed animals, utilize forest products and fishing. A mandatory level of schooling is usually sufficient for these jobs.
Sale to the public or provide services to people. This refers to those jobs that require sufficient competence and experience to provide services to people, protection services and services relative to selling goods in shops or markets. This class must also include workers who provide service in the field of tourism, provide room service in hotels, table and kitchen services in restaurants, beauty treatments, protection services to individuals and property. Also included are those professions bent on maintaining law and order, and displaying and selling goods. A mandatory level of schooling is usually sufficient for these jobs.
Work as non technical office worker. This refers to those jobs that require the knowledge and experience necessary to organize, file and process information. This class must also include those jobs that require the use of word processors and other office machinery, jobs that require recording and calculating numbers, providing information to the public, effecting cashier operations, and making appointments. A mandatory level of schooling is usually sufficient for these jobs.
Work in a technical, administrative, sporting or artistic field requiring an average level of qualification. This refers to those jobs that require technical knowledge and experience in the field of physical, natural, life, social, economic-organizational and human sciences. This class must also include those jobs that consist in setting up and carrying out technical jobs that require the application of concepts, methods and procedures in referenced scientific field. A secondary school diploma (4-5 year course) or equivalent, is usually required for these jobs.
Work in an organizational technical, intellectual, scientific or artistic field requiring a high level of qualification. This refers to those jobs that require professional knowledge and experience in the field of physical, natural, life, social, economic-organizational and human sciences. This class must also include those jobs that require the application of scientific or artistic concepts to resolve problems and in the field of education and training. A university degree, or similar, is usually required for these jobs.
Direct a business or manage the work of complex organizational structures. This refers to those jobs that implicate directing and coordinating the activities of a company, organization or organizational structure. These jobs require decision making ability and responsibility for business strategies. This class must include business and management professions, regardless of the size of the company or organization, or the legislators and elective members of the board.
Work as officer, non-commissioned officer, cadet or volunteer in the Armed Forces. This refers to all those jobs carried out by members of the Armed Forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Carabinieri) at all levels. For example, with regards to the Army, this refers to all activities carried out by:

a) Generals;
b) Senior Officers (Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel or corresponding rank in other sectors of the Armed Forces);
c) Junior Officers (Second Lieutenant, Captain or corresponding rank in other sectors of the Armed Forces);
d) Non-commissioned officers (Sargent list and Warrant Officer list or corresponding rank in other sectors of the Armed Forces);
e) Cadets (Military schools, Officer and Non-Commissioned Officer Academies);
f) Volunteers (on annual service, brief service and permanent service).


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Italy 2011 — source variable IT2011A_0450 — Type of work
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

6. Vocational or non-vocational status

[These questions are asked of individuals aged 15 years and over]

In your answers to question 6.6 through 6.12 refer to your primary work activity only. If you are not working at present, refer to your most recent job.

6.10 What is (was) the nature of your work activity?

Examples of economic activities included in the sectors listed are indicated in parentheses:

[] 1 Manual or unskilled labour (Farm hand, Custodian, Construction worker, Domestic assistant, Dishwasher, Usher, Porter, Hospital attendant, Refuse collector, Stablehand)
[] 2 Operation of manufacturing systems, machinery and assembly lines, driving vehicles (Forklift operator, Assembler of electric devices, Truck driver, Taxi driver, Automatic loom operator, Rolling mill operator, Oil mill operator)
[] 3 Skilled labor (Bricklayer, Mechanic, Heating system installer, Shoemaker, tailor, Carpenter, Blacksmith, Upholsterer)
[] 4 Plant cultivation and/or animal breeding (Farmer, Fruit grower, Stockman, Fish farmer, Reforester, Gardener, Fisherman)
[] 5 Retail sales and services (Shopkeeper, Police officer, Hairdresser, Cook, Waiter, Flight attendant, Baby sitter, Nanny, Salesperson)
[] 6 Administrative support (Secretary, Postal service counter worker, Switchboard operator, Administrative assistant, Service counter staff)
[] 7 Mid-level technical, administrative, athletic or artistic work (Nurse, Accountant, Surveyor, Electronic technician, Computer analyst, Athlete, Sales representative, Fire chief, Air traffic controller, Insurance agent)
[] 8 Highly-specialized managerial, technical, intellectual, scientific or artistic work (General or specialized physician, University professor, Actor, Musician, Elementary school teacher, Engineer, Chemist, Agricultural scientist, Pharmacist)
[] 9 Business management, administration of a private or public organization (Business owner, Party chief, Public official, CEO, Chief justice, School principal, Prefect)
[] 10 Military of any rank in the Armed Forces - Army, Navy, Air force, Military police (Carabinieri) (General, Medical colonel, Sergeant major, Military police agent (Carabinieri), Airman, Private first class)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section II - Information about regular inhabitants of the dwellings

In your answers to questions 6.6-6.12:

- Individuals with more than one job should answer in reference to their primary work activity only. Primary work activity is the job with the most work hours or the one (if you work an equal number of hours for different jobs) that provides the most income.
- Employed individuals who did not work during the week prior to the survey date (October 02nd-08th) because of a holiday, illness, CIG, leave of absence, etc., should refer to the job that usually represents their primary work activity.
- If you are not working at present, refer to the last job you had.
Question 6.10
Use the following definitions to answer the question properly:
-Category 01: These occupations involve simple, repetitive activities that require no special training, and which may involve the use of manual tools, physical strength and limited decision-making and initiative in carrying out tasks.

-Category 02: These occupations oversee and supervise the proper functioning of industrial machinery and automated or robotic manufacturing systems, supply product assembly lines and manufacturing systems or operate mobile machinery and lifts. This type of work requires basic knowledge equivalent to the completion of compulsory schooling, a vocational qualification or work experience;

-Category 03: These occupations use experience and technical/practical knowledge of materials, tools and processes required for extracting and processing minerals, for building, repairing or maintaining equipment, objects and machines, for working and processing foodstuffs and farm products destined for consumption. This type of work requires basic knowledge equivalent to the completion of compulsory schooling, a short cycle of upper secondary education or, once again, vocational qualifications or work experience;

-Category 04: These occupations grow crops and raise animals, plan and perform the work required to make fields, gardens, greenhouses and livestock productive, caring, maintaining and making woodlands and forests productive, fishing in the open sea, coastal zones and inland waterways, fish farming and hunting. This type of work requires basic knowledge equivalent to the completion of compulsory schooling, a short cycle of upper secondary education or, once again, a vocational qualification or work experience;

-Category 05: These occupations deal with customers in commercial enterprises, provide reception and restaurant services, recreational and family support services and personal care; maintaining public order, protecting people and property. This type of work requires basic knowledge equivalent to the completion of compulsory schooling, a short cycle of upper secondary education or, once again, a vocational qualification or work experience;

-Category 06: These occupations involve non-managerial office work. They generally require basic knowledge equivalent to compulsory schooling, a short cycle of upper secondary education or, once again, vocational qualification or work experience;

-Category 07: These occupations involve the operational selection and application of protocols and (defined, predetermined) procedures in the context of production or services. The necessary knowledge is acquired through the completion of secondary, post-secondary or level I university programs or apprenticeships (including unofficial apprenticeships) of comparable complexity;

-Category 08: These occupations require high levels of theoretical knowledge for analyzing and representing complex discipline-specific (mathematics, physics-engineering, socio-economic, intellectual, artistic, etc.) situations and problems, setting out possible solutions and making the related decisions. The level of knowledge required in such professions is acquired through the completion of level II university programs, post-university programs or apprenticeships (including unofficial apprenticeships) of comparable complexity;

-Category 09: These occupations draw up and implement executive and regulatory strategies in political, institutional and economic contexts, drawing on expert counsel as needed. The level of knowledge required by this large group of professions cannot always be associated with a specific level of formal education;

-Category 10: These occupations are practiced in the context of the armed forces (the Army, Navy, Air Force or Military Police).

For clarification, call the toll-free number 800-069701.


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Italy 2011Q1 — source variable IT2011H_0690 — Occupation of main job, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C12_c. Occupation code

[Available in the reconstructed variables PROF1, PROF3, and recoded in PROFM]

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Italy 2012Q1 — source variable IT2012H_0690 — Occupation of main job, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C12_c. Occupation code

[Available in the reconstructed variables PROF1, PROF3, and recoded in PROFM]

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Italy 2013Q1 — source variable IT2013H_0690 — Occupation of main job, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C12_c. Occupation code

[Available in the reconstructed variables PROF1, PROF3, and recoded in PROFM]

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Italy 2014Q1 — source variable IT2014H_0690 — Occupation of main job, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C12_c. Occupation code

[Available in the reconstructed variables PROF1, PROF3, and recoded in PROFM]

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Italy 2015Q1 — source variable IT2015H_0690 — Occupation of main job, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C12_c. Occupation code

[Available in the reconstructed variables PROF1, PROF3, and recoded in PROFM]

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Italy 2016Q1 — source variable IT2016H_0690 — Occupation of main job, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C12_c. Occupation code

[Available in the reconstructed variables PROF1, PROF3, and recoded in PROFM]

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Italy 2017Q1 — source variable IT2017H_0690 — Occupation of main job, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C12_c. Occupation code

[Available in the reconstructed variables PROF1, PROF3, and recoded in PROFM]

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Italy 2018Q1 — source variable IT2018H_0690 — Occupation of main job, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C12_c. Occupation code

[Available in the reconstructed variables PROF1, PROF3, and recoded in PROFM]

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Jamaica 1982 — source variable JM1982A_0429 — Occupation during past week / in last job
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section 6: Economic activity
[All persons age 14 and older]


[Questions 25-29 refer to the past week]


28. Main type of job or occupation during past week/in last job: _______

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 6 - Economic Activity

5.47 General
Section 6 is comprised of Questions 25 to 31 and should be asked of persons 14 years and over. The main purpose of this section is to determine which individuals were in the working force of the country at some time during the week preceding Census Day. The most difficult and perhaps important of the concepts here is that of 'work.' It is essential, therefore, that Census Takers understand fully the precise definition of the term 'work' in this context and that this meaning should be made clear to respondents by the method of questioning them. The Census Taker and all persons working on the Census must, therefore, understand and remember the following carefully:

5.48 Definition of Work
Work includes:

(a) Work with Pay that is:
(i) Work for others for a wage or salary including commission or tips. Work may be done either in the employ of the Government a business organization, some private or public organization, or an individual.

[p.50]

(This corresponds to Worked for Others Government or Non-Government in Question 27).
(ii) Work as trainee (such as nurses in training) or apprentice (persons at trade). (This also might be applicable at alternative 1 or 2 in Question 27).
(iii) Work for self in One's own business or farm which is run for profit or fees, but does not employ paid help. (This corresponds to Has Own Business or Farm - W/Out Paid Help at Question 27).
(iv) Running for profit or fees one's own business or farm which employs paid help. (This corresponds to Question 27 - Has Own Business or Farm - With Paid Help).


(b) Work Without Pay in a business or farm which is run for profit, that is:
(i) Work without pay in a business or farm run for profit, (usually by a relative), in cases where the individual is either supported by the owner or obtains some benefits other than cash from the running of the business (See Unpaid Worker at Question 27).
(ii) Work as an unpaid helper in a business or other organization, in cases where the respondent is learning a trade or profession in this way, with a view to engaging in work for pay (See Unpaid Worker at Question 27).


Do not include in "Working", those persons who:
(i) worked without money or pay for a relative or other person at tasks which did not contribute to the operation of a farm or of a business e.g. housework, gardening, odd jobs around the house or yard such as painting the fence, etc.
(ii) worked without pay assisting a relative or friend in his duties as an employee.
(iii) worked without pay either in cash or in kind as a volunteer worker for service organizations or church groups - such as the Red Cross, Boy Scouts, Girl Guides, Society for the Blind, Operation Workshop, etc.

Note also that 'Work' must relate to work in Jamaica. It includes, however, those persons who are residing in the territory but are working on boats, ships, airplanes etc. which may operate outside of the territory, as well as travelling salesmen, consultants, etc. Also included are persons going as contract workers to the U.S.A. for a few

[p.51]

months to work on farms there during the crop season. Other persons who live and work outside of the country should not be classified as having worked with respect to the time they were resident outside of the country.


5.53 Question 28 - Main Type of Job or Occupation during past week

[Image omitted here]

Ask the Question this way: "'What type of work did you (he/she) do in the (principal) job which you (he/she) held during the past week?" If the individual did not work during the past week, ask: "'What type of work did you (he/she) do in your (his/her) last job?"
What is required here is the exact nature of the job done by the individual. Where the person has done more than one job during the week, this question relates to the principal job which, in general, will be the one at which he spent most time. If the jobs were done at different times, or two or more jobs were held at the same time, the one which provided the greater income should be used.

[p.54]

Be as specific as possible in recording the occupation. Do not use vague terms such as Clerk (which could mean a store clerk or a clerk in an office), foreman (which could mean a foreman of many different types of activity), and so on. Write, for example - office clerk, foreman of a road construction gang, etc.
In some cases you may need to use many words to explain the type of work actually done. This is preferable to trying to use very short descriptions which are vague or inaccurate. Remember to limit your writing to the space provided.
If the individual has never had a job or occupation, write in Never Had Job and ignore Question 29.
If the individual did not work during the week but was classified as either 'Others Seeking Work' or 'Wanted Work and Available' at Question 25, then enter the occupation which the individual last had.


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Jamaica 1991 — source variable JM1991A_0438 — Occupation during past week/in last job
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section 6: Economic activity
[Persons age 14 and older]

[Go to Question 8.1 for persons younger than 14 years]


6.4. What kind of work do you do / does [the respondent] do / did you last do / did [the respondent] last do?

_____ _ _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 6 - Economic Activity

5.63 General
Section 6 is comprised of Questions 6.1 - 6.9 and should be asked of persons 14 years and over. The main purpose of this section is to determine which individuals were in the WORKING FORCE of the country at some point in time. Questions 6.1 - 6.6 and Question 6.9 relate to the week preceding the census while Questions 6.7 - 6.8 relate to the preceding twelve months. The most difficult and perhaps important of the concepts here is that of WORK. It is essential therefore that you understand fully the precise definition of the term WORK in this context and that this meaning should be made clear to respondents by the method of questioning them.

5.64 Definition of Work
(a) Work includes:
Work with pay, that is:
(i) Work for others for a wage or salary including commission or tips. Work may be done either in the employment of the government, a business organization, some private or public organization or an individual. (This corresponds to the categories - Paid Employee of Government, Private Enterprise or Private Home - Q6.3).
(ii) Work as trainee (such as nurses in training) or apprentice (persons at trade)
(iii) Work for self in one's own business (including farm) which is run for profit or fees but does not employ paid help.
(This corresponds to Own Business Without Paid Employee - Q6.3)
(iv) Work for self in one's own business (including farm) which is run for profit or fees and employs paid help.

(This corresponds to Own Business With paid Employees - Q6.3).

[p.51]

(b) Work without pay in a business or farm which is run for profit, that is:
(i) Work without pay in a business or farm run for profit (usually by a relative), in cases where the individual is either supported by the owner or obtains some benefits other than cash from the running of the business (see Unpaid Worker at Q6.3).
(ii) Work as an unpaid helper in a business or other organization, in cases where the respondent is learning a trade or profession in this way, with a view to engaging in work for pay (see Unpaid Worker at Q.6.3).

Do not include in "working" those persons who:
(i) Work without money or pay for a relative or other person at tasks which did not contribute to the operation of a farm or of a business e.g. housework, gardening, odd jobs around the house or yard such as painting the fence, etc.
(ii) Work without pay assisting a relative or friend in his duties as an employee.
(iii) Work without pay either in cash or in kind as a volunteer worker for service organizations or church groups - such as the Red Cross, Boy Scouts, Girl Guides, Society for the Blind, Operation Workshop, etc.

Note also that WORK must relate to work in Jamaica. It includes, however, those persons who are residing in the territory but are on boats, ships, airplanes, etc., which may operate outside of the territory, as well as travelling salesmen, consultants, etc. Also included are persons going as contract workers to the U.S.A. for a few months to work on farms there during the crop season. Other persons who live and work outside of the country should not be classified as having worked with respect to the time they were resident outside of the country.


5.68 Question 6.4 Type of Occupation During past Week/in last Job
This question should be asked of individuals who were classified at Q6.1 as worked, with job not working (in which case it relates to the present job) other seeking work, did not seek work but wanted work and available (in which case it relates to the last job held). What is required here is the exact nature of the job done by the individual. Where the person has done more than one job during the week, the question relates to the principal job which, in general will be the one at which he spends most of his time. If the jobs were at different times, or two or more jobs were held at the same time, the one which provided the greater income should be used.
Be as specific as possible in recording the occupation. Do not use vague terms such as clerk (which could mean a store clerk or a clerk in an office), foreman (which could mean a foreman on many different types of activities) and so on. Write for example - office clerk, foreman of a road construction gang, etc.

[p.54]

In some cases you may need to use lay words to explain the type of work actually done. This is preferable to trying to use very short descriptions which are vague or inaccurate.

If the individual has never had a job or occupation, write in never had a job and do not ask any more questions in this section.


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Jamaica 2001 — source variable JM2001A_0458 — Occupation, 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 4.1 - 4.8 for persons age 14 and older]


4.7 What kind of work do you do/does [the respondent] do/did you last do/did [the respondent] last do?

________
_ _ _ _
[] Never worked (go to question 4.19)
[] Not stated

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 4: Economic activity
[Persons age 14 and older]

5.73 General
Section 4 is comprised of Questions 4.1 through 4.20, and should be asked to persons age 14 and older. The main purpose of this section is to determine which individuals were in the working force of the country at some point in time.

This section is included in the sample coverage because it requires much more probing than should be undertaken for the short form. Economic activity in Jamaica has undergone some amount of transformation within the past two or three decades, whereby there has been a significant development of what has come to be regarded as the "Informal sector". People have in many instances moved away from the traditional jobs in the public and private sectors and have ventured into their own small scale businesses, some of which are being operated within homes.

You must pay close attention to the skip instructions at all times to ensure that you ask relevant questions. You will also need to pay close attention to the different reference periods stated. Questions 4.1 through 4.4 seek to identify the persons who worked. As we know that work means different things to different people, we try in these questions to establish clearly whether an individual worked or not within a particular week. These questions relate to the week preceding the Census date, as do Questions 4.5 through 4.13. Question 4.14 asks for a specific date. Questions 4.15 and 4.16 relate to the past twelve months, while questions 4.17 and 4.18 refer to the past 5 years. Questions 4.19 and 4.20 are relevant to persons of pensionable age and seek to determine the type of social welfare benefits or pension being received. Even if the person has never worked, he/she can be in receipt of social welfare benefits (as the beneficiary of a spouse).

It is important that the concept of work be fully understood.

Work includes:

(a) Work with pay, that is:
(i) Work for others for a wage or salary including commission or tips. Work may be done either in the employment of the government, a business organization, some private or public organization, or an individual. These correspond to the categories "Paid employee of government", "Private enterprise", or "Private home" in question Q4.6).

(ii) Work as trainee (such as nurses in training) or apprentice (persons at trade). This could also correspond to the same categories at is point (i).

(iii) Work for oneself in one's own business (including farm), which is run for profit or fees but does not employ paid help. This corresponds to "Self-employed without Employees" in question Q4.6. For example: odd job, hustling, buying and selling etc.

(iv) Work for oneself in one's own business (including farm), which is run for profit or fees and employs paid help. This corresponds to "Self-employed with employees" in question Q4.6.


(b) Work without pay in a business or farm which is run for profit that is:
(i) Work without pay in a business or farm run for profit (usually by a relative), in cases where the individual is either supported by the owner or obtains some benefits other than cash from running of business (see "Unpaid employee in agriculture" or any type of business in question Q4.6).

(ii) Work as an unpaid helper in a business or other organization, in cases where the respondent is learning a trade or profession in this way, with a view to engaging in work for pay (see "Unpaid employee in agriculture" or any type of business in question Q4.6).


Do not include as "working" those persons who:
(i) Work without money or pay for a relative or other person on tasks that did not contribute to the operation of a farm or of a business: e.g., housework, gardening, odd jobs around the house or yard, such as painting the fence, etc.

(ii) Work without pay assisting a relative or friend in his duties as an employee.

(iii) Work without pay either in cash or in kind as a volunteer worker for service Society for Blind, Operation Workshop.


Note also that "work" must relate to work in Jamaica. It includes, however, those persons who are residing in the territory but are on boats, ships, airplanes, etc., which may operate outside of the territory, as well as travelling salesmen, consultants, etc. Informal commercial importers who travel to the Cayman Islands buying and selling are to be included. Do not include the work done by persons going as contract workers to North America for a few months to work on farms there during the crop season. Other persons who live and work outside of the country should not be classified as having worked with respect to the time they were resident outside of the country.


5.77 Question 4.7: Type of occupation during the first week in September 2001

This question should be asked of individuals who answered "Yes" to Q4.1 or Q4.2 or Q4.3. It is also applicable to those individuals [who were listed on] Q4.4 as "With job, not working", (in which case it relates to the present job), "Seeking a job, which was not the first", and "Did not seek work, but wanted work and was available" (if they have worked before). In the latter cases, it would relate to the last job. For someone from this group who had never worked before, score "Never worked". For persons now working and those who had worked before what is needed here is the exact nature of the job. The job stated must relate to the employment status given at Q4.6.

You are required to write in the name of the occupation in the space provided. Be as specific as possible in recording the occupation. Do not use vague terms such as "Clerk" (which could mean a store clerk or a clerk in an office), "Foreman" (which could mean a foreman on many different types of activities), and so on. Write for example: "Office clerk", "Foreman of a road construction gang", etc. In some cases, you may need to use many words to explain the type of work actually done. This is preferable to trying to use very short descriptions that are vague or inaccurate. DO not attempt to score any codes in the four boxes to the right. If the information is not reported, score "Not stated" in the space provided for occupation.


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Jordan 2004 — source variable JO2004A_0464 — Major current occupation (3-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

230. Major current occupation _ _ _ _
[Question 230 was asked of persons age 15+ who worked or were temporarily absent from work during the week ended in October 1st 2004, per Questions 225 and 226.]

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Kenya 1989 — source variable KE1989A_0415 — Occupation, 4 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


C. Persons aged 10 years and over


P31. Occupation:

What was [the respondent's] main occupation? Write detailed description of type of work: e.g., clerical, motor mechanic, primary school teacher, etc. ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


143. Column P31-Occupation

(a) In column P31, Ask all persons who are employed, or on leave or working on family holding: What is --- main occupation? Write a detailed description of the type of work the person mainly did during the seven days preceding the census night. The type of work should be recorded as fully as possible, for example; 'shorthand-typist'; 'grade l 1 carpenter'; 'key-punch operator'; 'motor vehicle mechanic'; 'panel beating foreman', etc. Avoid ambiguous titles such as 'operator'; 'foreman'; 'driver,' etc. which do not identify the duties of the workers. Note that all those who work on a holding are not necessarily 'agricultural workers' by occupation. A holding can contain all sorts of occupations, like 'tractor drivers', 'machine operators', 'carpenters', etc.

b) Note that the occupation of a teacher on leave, who worked "on the family holding" during the week preceding Census Night, should be entered as per his or her usual occupation, i.e. "primary school teacher," etc.


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Kyrgyz Republic 1999 — source variable KG1999A_0447 — Main activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

15. Population employment
a) Name and activity type of an enterprise you are working in or specify the type of work you do ________ _ _ _
b) Place of work (name of town, rayon, country) ____ _ _ _


16. Main activity (detailed title of position, profession or performed work) ________ _ _ _ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 16. Main activity (a detailed name of position, occupation or work done)

For all persons having employment the name of the position, occupation or duties is to be recorded.
For persons combining multiple jobs only the activity is to be recorded which the person questioned considers his/her main activity.

If a person questioned is temporarily involved in the activity outside his main occupation, the main activity is to be recorded.

The position, occupation or duties are to be recorded in detail. One must not just record "director", "chief of department", "main specialist", "specialist", "trainee", "adviser", "expert", "master", "operator", "laboratory technician", but should indicate, for instance, "deputy director for economy", "chief of the marketing department", "main specialist in broadcasting" "personnel specialist", "information protection expert", "hospital trainee", "adviser on economic questions", "legislative counsel", "expert physicist", "shotfirer", "computer operator", "machine milking operator", "analyst in chemistry laboratory", etc.

"Unskilled laborer or helper" is to be only recorded for those engaged in different odd-jobs (excluding agricultural works), but in other cases the nature of work performed should be determined and recorded, for instance, "loader".

"Agriculture" should be only recorded for persons without any definite specific duties who are engaged in various unskilled works at agricultural enterprises (farms). For persons with definite duties in agriculture their occupation is to be recorded (e.g.: "horse wrangler", "shepherd", "horse-breeder", "cattleman").

For self-employed persons the name of their occupation is to be indicated (for instance, "photographer", "dentist", "composer", "lacemaker", "sewer", "market seller", "vendor", etc.).

For persons employed to provide services to private households their positions should be recorded: "personal secretary", "cook", "baby-sitter", "tutor", etc.

For members of a farming (peasant) enterprise the name of occupation should be recorded according to the area of specialization of the enterprise, for instance, "stock-farmer", etc.

For persons only working without pay for their family business or farm their prevailing duties should be recorded. For example, if a family worker is the most of time engaged in unloading of goods, for him/her "loader" should be recorded; if he/she is constantly engaged in bread making, "panification" should be specified, etc.

For persons only engaged in developing own personal subsidiary plots (agricultural works or cattle management), "personal subsidiary plot" is to be indicated.

For military servicemen (other than army conscripts), wage and salary workers of military units and institutions living outside closed territories, whose positions cannot be assimilated to similar civil positions, "salary worker" is to be entered.

For persons having permanent employment and at the same time receiving a pension, benefit, scholarship or engaged in work at own personal subsidiary plot, the occupation or functions in this employment are to be recorded.

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Lesotho 1996 — source variable LS1996A_0420 — Occupation (2-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section D. For all persons aged 10 years and above

21. What was (the respondent's) last type of work done?

[Question 21 asked of all those coded 10-50 in Question 18.]
Remember to ask only those who were job seeking for less than 5 years.

Type of work ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Part D of the questionnaire

129. Column 21 Type of work done (last week).
State the occupation. If the person is job seeking for not longer than 5 years (column 18, code 50) give last type of work done. You have to avoid making entries of a generalized nature such as "civil servant" or "Businessman". Write the exact work that the person does, e.g. Medical Doctor, Stenographer, Herbalist, Teacher etc. Peasants will be classified as farmers. For people with two occupations enter the one that claims most of his/her time.

130. For homemakers/housewives state "homemaker" only if a person of either sex was wholly engaged in household duties during the reference period and was not paid for this work. If such a person traded one full working day in the 7 days preceding census night or worked regular hours daily or engaged in some other economic enterprises (e.g. worked on a farm, sells beer etc.) or did any part time work e.g. typing, dress making in her own house or in any other premises) as part time work or more without pay the person should not be classified as home-maker, but should be classified according to type of work done. For students, pupils and persons without occupation write NA.

131. A list of the more common occupation is annexed to this manual to help you make the proper classification.


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Lesotho 2006 — source variable LS2006A_0427 — Occupation (2-digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section E. Economic status
[For persons aged 10 years and above.]

27. What was (the respondent's) last type of work done?

[Question 27 asked of all those coded 10-50 and 60 in Question 24.]
Remember to ask only those who were job seeking for less than 5 years.

Type of work ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Part D of the Questionnaire
For persons aged 2 years and over

97. Column 27: Type of work done (last week)

State the occupation. If the person is job seeking for not longer than 5 years, give last type of work done. You have to avoid making entries of a generalized nature such as "civil servant'' or "businessman". Write the exact work that the person does, e.g. Medical doctor, stenographer, herbalist, teacher, etc. Peasants will be classified as farmers. For people with two occupations enter the one that claims most of his/her time.
A list of the most common occupation is annexed to this manual to help you take the proper classification.
Code 88 for not applicable

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Liberia 1974 — source variable OCCISCO — Occupation, ISCO general

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Liberia 2008 — source variable LR2008A_0421 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons 6 years and over

P22. Occupation

What type of work did [the respondent] do?

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Malawi 1987 — source variable MW1987A_0419 — Occupation, 2 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Persons aged 10 years or more
[Questions L through O were asked of persons age 10 or older]


m. Economic activity - activity status (during last seven days) ____

Active:

Mlimi (subsistence farmer)
Employee
Family business worker
Self employed
Employer

Unemployed:

1 Worked before:

1A: Seeking work
1B: Not seeking work

2 Never worked:

2A: Seeking work
2B: Not seeking work

Inactive:

Home worker
Student
Dependent
Independent
Other


If active or unemployed but worked before, state:
[Questions N and O are asked of persons who have ever worked, as per question M]


n. Occupation ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Occupation
69. The basis of the classification of occupation is the trade, profession or type of work performed by an individual during the last seven days. The question on occupation should be asked to any persons who are economically active including those unemployed but having worked before.

70. As an example, the occupation of a driver of a bus is "bus driver", even if he owns the bus and operates it as a one-man business (that is, he is self-employed). The person's occupation is generally related to his training or experience although this may not always be the case. For example, if the bus driver has lost his job and taken a temporary post on a farm as a laborer, then his occupation is now "farm laborer" and not "bus driver". Avoid using general terms but record the exact job which the person does, for example, do not simply write "driver", or "laborer" but "bus driver" or "farm laborer".


Persons age 10 years or older

Questions from (l) through (q) should only be asked to persons who are age 10 years or older.


(n) Occupation: Write the exact occupation for the person who is either active or unemployed but worked before in the space provided. For persons who are either "Unemployed but never worked before" or "Inactive", you should write N/A (Not applicable). You should leave columns 38-39 blank.


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Malawi 1998 — source variable MW1998A_0418 — Occupation, 2-digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions B16-B19 are for persons age 10 and older]


B17. Economic activity - type of activity last week
What was [the respondent] doing the last 7 days?

Active:

[] 01 Mlimi [subsistence farmer]
[] 02 Employee
[] 03 Family business worker
[] 04 Self-employed
[] 05 Employer

Unemployed:

[] 06 Worked before, seeking work
[] 07 Worked before, non seeking work
[] 08 Never worked before, seeking work

Inactive:

[] 09 Non-worker (never worked before and not seeking work)
[] 10 Home worker
[] 11 Student
[] 12 Other


[For codes 09-12]: If female, skip to B20. Otherwise, go to the next person or to Part C.


B18. Economic activity: occupation

What is this person's main occupation? ______
For example: (teacher, nurse, driver, mechanic, carpenter, etc.)


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Part B: Characteristics of Individual Household Members


4. Persons age 10 years or older


Occupation: The basis of the classification of occupation is the trade, profession or type of work performed by an individual during the last seven days. The person's occupation is generally related to his training or experience, although this may not always be the case. As an example, the occupation of the driver of a bus is "bus driver", even if he owns the bus and operates it as one-man business (that is, he is self-employed). If the bus driver lost his job and has taken up a temporary post on a farm as a labor then his occupation is now a "farm laborer". Other examples of occupation are teacher, nurse, mechanic, carpenter, etc. A list of occupations and their codes is provided in Appendix B.


B18. Occupation: Write the exact occupation for persons who are "Active" or "Unemployed but worked before" in the space provided in column B18 and leave the two boxes blank. Do not ask the questions on occupation for those who are "Non-workers" and the other "Inactive". If you are sure about a person's occupation, then just state clearly what the person does and the appropriate occupation will be recorded in the office. However, this should only be done as a last resort after you have failed to identify the appropriate occupation.


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Malawi 2008 — source variable MW2008A_0505 — Occupation (2 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions P25-P27 were asked only of residents who are currently working or have ever worked]


P25. What was [the respondent's] main occupation during the last 7 days or the last time he/she worked? ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions for usual residents age 6 years or older (economic activity)
[Questions P20-P27 were asked of persons age 6 years or over]


Household members who are currently working/ever worked
[Questions P25-P27 were asked of persons currently working or ever worked]


P25. Occupation
Inquire about the occupation of the respondent and write the response in the space provided.

Occupation refers to the kind of work the person does or the kind of the work he/she did when he/she was working for the first time. This question is to enquire specifically about the nature of the job he/she was doing most of the time in the last 7 days. If the person uses vague answers such as "Civil servant", "Businessman", or "Laborer", ask him/her the exact type of job he/she did most of the time, and then write the occupation in the space provided. The occupation will be best described by such job titles as "Teacher", "Driver", "Cook", etc. If a person moved from job to job, you will only record that occupation he/she was engaged in during the reference period or the last 7 days. If a person has two or more occupations, enter the one in which he/she spends most of his/her time.

Try to get comprehensive answers, for example, it is not enough for a respondent to inform you that he/she is a teacher. Probe to find out if he/she is a primary or secondary school teacher, etc. Record secondary school teacher or whatever the case maybe. Below are some of the vague answers and some probing to assist you to arrive at a correct answer.

Vague response: (probe to see if he/she is a...)

- Doctor: medical, dentist, veterinary (doctor)
- Engineer: civil, electrical, chemical, mechanical
- Manager: administrative, finance, personnel, marketing, etc.
- Civil servant: economist, nurse, clerk, accountant, etc.
- Technician: chemical, civil engineering, electrical engineering, etc.
- Inspector: school building, safety and quality, police, etc.
- Clerk: secretary, transport, library, stock, etc.
- Laborer: mining, road construction, building construction, etc.
- Cleaner: domestic helper, office, hotel, etc.
- Driver: train, car, bus, truck/lorry, etc.



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Malaysia 1970 — source variable MY1970A_0426 — Occupation last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 25-44 were asked of persons age 10+.]

Before asking questions 25-34 explain that the questions are for the previous 7 day period only


31 Main occupation (use two or more words if possible): ____


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Malaysia 1980 — source variable MY1980A_0430 — Principal occupation last week (3 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons 10 years of age and over
[Questions 25-44b were asked of those who are 10 years old or over.]

[Questions 31-34 were asked of persons other than those who did not work for pay or profit, at least 1 day during the last 7 days, did not help in a family farm or business at least one day during the last 7 days, did not have any employment, work on farm, enterprise or other family enterprise to return to, and were not seeking work during the last 7 days.]


32. What is your principal occupation? (Describe the nature of your work in two or more words) ________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image



Questions 25-44 are to be asked of persons who are 10 years of age and above.



Questions 25-34 record information on work or employment of a person. Be sure to explain to the respondent that you are only concerned with the period of 7 days prior to the day of interview.


Question 32
This question refers to the person's principal occupation. "Principal Occupation" refers to the occupation in which the respondent spent most of his time. Should the time spent in, say, 2 occupations be the same, the one which brings in more income is the principal occupation. In the very unlikely situation where the time spent and the income earned are the same, leave it to the respondent to decide which one is the principal occupation.

You are to record here the principal occupation in which the person was engaged during the 7 day reference period. If the person was unemployed record his previous occupation.

It is important that you obtain the exact type of work done by the respondent. Avoid general terms such as driver, helper, farmer, mechanic, Government worker, etc. In these cases you are to find out the kind of helper or driver or mechanic. For example, a driver may be a lorry driver, a taxi driver or a chauffeur. Use two or more words whenever possible to describe the exact type of work done by the respondent.

A person's job designation may not be always adequate by itself. In such cases, additional information describing the nature of his work would be required for purposes of classification.

You may sometimes find difficulty in translating occupations given in various dialects/ languages into the Bahasa Malaysia/English equivalents. In such cases, you can record the words actually used by the respondent; for example, words like mandore, serang, amah, or Hang-kong can be translated in the office at a later stage.


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Malaysia 1991 — source variable MY1991A_0433 — Principal occupation (3 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions C1-27 were asked of persons who live in their households on Census Days.]

For person aged 10 years and above (Date of birth before/on 14 of August, 1981)
[Questions 18-27 are asked of those who lived in their households on Census Days and 10 years old or above.]

[Questions C25-27 were asked of persons who worked at least 1 hour during the 7 days and had a job to return to. (Yes was chosen in Question C18 or C19.)]


C25. Occupation

(a) What is your occupation? ________

(b) Please describe your duties/nature of your work ________


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions C18-C27

General Guidelines

Who should be asked?
(i) These questions (C18-C27) should be asked for persons aged 10 years and above, that is, those who were born before or on 14 August 1981.
Refer to Question C5 to find out the date of birth. For persons whose birth dates are 14 August 1981 or earlier, Questions C18-C27 must be asked.
If no information is provided for C5, refer to Question C6. For persons who are 10 years or more, Question C18 - C27 must be asked.

(ii) For Questions C25 and C26, if possible, obtain the information from the household members directly so that more detailed information may be given.

Reference Period
The reference period for Question C18-C27 refer to the 7 days prior to the day of the interview.

To determine the reference period, refer to the calendar provided in Document 7 (Thank You Card).

Example:
If the interview was conducted on 15 August 1991, the information required should be based on the period 8-14 August 1991.


Question C25
[Question C25 of the enumeration form is not presented here.]

Purpose
To find out the occupation of a person who worked during the last 7 days before interview.

How to ask the question
To obtain complete information on occupation you should ask two questions, that is:
Question (a)
"What is ____ (member's name) occupation?"
Question (b)
"Please describe the duties/nature of work ____ (member's name) does?"

[p.152]

How to record the answer

Question 25(a)
Record the name of the position or occupation in detail. For example, store clerk, finance clerk, lorry driver, construction worker, lift attendant, rubber tapper, rubber estate manager, restaurant manager, primary school teacher, fisherman, shoe production worker in a factory, etc.

Avoid general terms such as clerk, driver, laborer, attendant, farmer, mechanic, teacher, etc.
If the respondent has two or more jobs, record the one which he spent most of his time.

Question 25(b)
Record the duties carried out by the respondent clearly. Avoid using general terms.
Examples of complete answers are as follows:
(i) Mixing cement and plastering walls.
(ii) Preparing and selling "nasi lemak at night market".
(iii) Making furniture in own workshop.
(iv) Tapping rubber in own estate.


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Malaysia 2000 — source variable MY2000A_0426 — Occupation - 1 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Question C17 - C29 for person aged 10 years and above

[Questions 25-27 were asked of persons who worked for at least one hour during the last 7 days or had a job to return to.]


C25. Occupation

(a) What is your occupation? ____

(b) Please describe your duties/ nature of work. ____

(c) In which sector is your occupation?

[] 1 Government
[] 2 Private
[] 3 Own business



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Mali 1987 — source variable ML1987A_0424 — Occupation last month
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For individuals 6 years of age and older.
[Questions 14-22]


20. Main economic activity practiced

____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


1.2.2 QUESTIONS FOR PEOPLE AGED 6 AND OLDER
This is the second group of questions related to the characteristics of the household members. It relates only to persons aged 6 and older. Put a dash or a hyphen (-) for persons of less than 6 years in questions 14 to 25.


[Questions] 18 - 22. Economic Activity:

Questions 18 to 22 have to do with the economic activity of the people enumerated, i.e, their occupation. To fill in their forms pay careful attention to the following directions:

a. Only ask these question of household members who are 6 years and older. Put a dash or a hyphen (-) for those less than 6 years old.


[Page 32]

b. To obtain information on economic activity use the month (30 days) prior to the census interview as the point of reference.


However, for people who work in the agricultural sector (farming, breeding animals, fishing and forestry) this reference period is brought to [illegible] 12 months, taking into account the seasonal nature of employment in this sector. Rural work is carried out during a fixed period which does not correspond to the date of the census.


20. Principal employment (pertains only to the employed working population)

This is the principal job in the last month of the person being interviewed. Ask the following question: "What job did you work at over the last month?" (for workers in the agricultural sector record the normal activities: farming, animal breeding, fishing, forestry).

For those people who declare more than one job, ask:

[Page 34]

"Which job did you spend more time at?" If the answer to this question is not enough then ask "[Which of] the two pays you the most?" and write down the answer.

Please note: put a dash or a hyphen for the non-working population, the unemployed and those aged less than 6 years.


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Mali 1998 — source variable ML1998A_0428 — Main occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Section B: Individual Characteristics


For persons aged 6 years and above
[Questions 16-26]


Activity type


23. Main occupation

_ _ _


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


1.2.1. Questions for ALL Household Members


1.2.2. Questions for persons aged 6 years and above

This is the second group of questions, concerning the characteristics of household members. They concern only the persons aged 6 years and above.

For persons aged less than 6 years (children), write (0) or (00) depending on column width in Columns P16 to P30.


Columns P23-P25: Economic Activities

Question P22 to P26 deal with the economic activity of the enumerated persons, that is: the occupation of the interviewed persons. For filling this question, please follow carefully the following guidelines.

a. The questions shall be asked only to household members aged 6 years of more. For others, write a hyphen (-) in Columns P23 and P25; and write (0) in Columns P22, P24, and P26.

b. To record the data on economic activity, the census enumerator shall refer to the reference period of one month (30 days) preceding the date of visit in the household.

However, for the persons who work in the agricultural sector (beekeeping, husbandry, fishing, forestry, etc.), this reference period is extended to one year (12 months), because of the seasonal character of this type of employment. Indeed, works in agriculture are done during a well defined period during the year, which may not correspond with the census date.


23. Column P23: Main occupation

This is the main occupation of the interviewed person during the past month.

For those who have worked during the reference month, the question will be: "What was the occupation of NAME?"

For those without occupation during the reference period, the question will be: "What was the last occupation of NAME?"

In Column P23, write down in words the declared occupation. Write a hyphen (--) for the inactive, the unemployed and the persons under age 6 years.


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Mali 2009 — source variable ML2009A_0430 — Principal occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Population age six or older
[Questions P24-P28 were asked for persons age 6+.]

P25) Main economic activity
For those who worked during the reference month: What type of work did [Name] mainly do? For those who did not work but who have worked: What was the last main job that [Name] had?

Record the response.
____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions (P24 to P28) are for members of the household who are six (6) years or older. This part of the questionnaire allows for the collection of information on employment, the type of employment, the branch of the industry. Particular emphasis is placed on farming due to its importance in the occupations of the population.

6.2.3.24 Main economic activity (Column P25)

Write clearly and legibly the wording of the main economic activity of household members who are six (6) years or older. This question is also for people who were employed but who are now unemployed.

For individuals who worked during the reference period (in the months before the agent’s visit), the main activity is the activity that occupied the individual for the most time.

For individuals who have not worked during the reference period (in the months before the passage of the agent), the main activity is the last activity that occupied the individual for the most time.

For students, senior citizens, those who work from home, and people of independent means, the agent records based on the situation of the student, the senior citizen, the person who works at home, or the person of independent means.

[pg. 30]

The agent records the activity exercised by the person who was surveyed. It is neither the rank nor the learned profession, but the activity performed by the individual.

[Omitted example]

You must urge people surveyed for maximum accuracy on the work done, especially among civil servants. Economic activity must be registered with the greatest possible precision. The table below gives some examples of wrong answers (to avoid) and correct answers (to remember).

Wrong answers: Public official, civil servant
Correct answers: Typist, architect, ticket salesperson, statistician, accountant, driver, customs inspector, financial controller, Police Commissioner, PTT Agent [##translator note: job in telecommunications], tax collector, switchboard, civil servant, etc.

Wrong answers: Worker
Correct answers: Baker, bricklayer, plumber, electrician, mechanic, radio repairman, carpenter, etc.

Wrong answers: Artisan
Correct answers: Basket maker, tailor, potter, weaver, blacksmith, jeweler, etc.

Wrong answers: Laborer
Correct answers: Messenger, sweeper, night watchman, farm laborer, etc.

Wrong answers: Trader
Correct answers: Seller of cigarettes, cakes, vegetables, condiments, spare parts, "apron"[##translator note: literal translation of “tablier” is apron, but based on other surveys, this may likely mean something different here, though I have yet to find what specifically. It may refer to a part of a bridge/roadway], shopkeeper, etc.

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Mexico 1960 — source variable MX1960A_0435 — Principal occupation, 2 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Principal occupation

[] 31. Own account land owner [Ejidatario]

[] 32. Rural laborer

33. Write the principal occupation of the person. For example: farmer, cowboy, carpenter, well digger, retail worker, driver, professor, doctor, typist, etc.
____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Principal Occupation
(Very Important)

Column 31. When the enumerated works on cooperative land/farm ["ejido"] and they receive the majority of their income from that land an (X) should be made in Column 31; in addition, another (X) should be made in column 37 "self-employed," since a cooperative farmer is a person who is self-employed. The enumerator should take note that in a case in which a person declares themselves to be a cooperative farmer, and also has another occupation, for example: carpenter, and they receive the majority of their income from this other source, there should not be an (X) marked in column 31. Instead, the corresponding annotations should be made in columns 33 through 39 respectively, relative to the occupation from which the majority of their income is derived.

Column 32. When the enumerated is a rural journeyman or laborer, who works, by way of a salary, at a site which engages in agriculture, livestock, bird raising, beekeeping, or forestry, make an (X) in column 32 and make another (X) in column 34 "worker," since a rural journeyman or worker is a laborer.

[P. 27]

Column 33. Special care should be taken when writing in column 33. For this column, the enumerated should ask him/herself which is their principal occupation, which is the one from which they receive the greatest part, or all, of their earnings. Specify this with all clarity, working to avoid the annotating of general or vague names, but rather specific names, such as: carpenter, civil engineer, typist, mechanic, weaver, iron worker, mason, driver, archivist.

In the case of people who, during the time of the census, have worked in more than one occupation, use the following rule: 1 - the last job that they finished, if they did the different jobs one after the other; 2 - the one from which they derive the greater income, if they did two or more jobs simultaneously; 3 - when the enumerated, on the census date, is without work, write down the last occupation that they had; 4 - when the enumerated has never worked, but is looking for work, write down the occupation that they declare, that is, the one that they are going to exercise. In this case, nothing should be written in columns 34 to 38.


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Mexico 1970 — source variable MX1970A_0424 — Occupation 3 digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons twelve years old or more


18. Principal occupation in 1969

In the main work or employment that the person had in 1969, what was his or her job, profession, or occupation?
(For example: pizcador, cow milker, automobile mechanic, chemical engineer, traveling salesmen, typist, archivist, etc.)

_____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Principal occupation in 1969

Column 18

This deals with the office, job, or profession that the person carried out in the place where the person had their job or principal employment.

The occupation should be written down in a precise and complete form. Examples: milker, tractor driver, television repair technician, construction worker, personnel supervisor, passenger vehicle driver, car keeper, servant, bilingual secretary, public accountant, waiter, etc.

[Drawings]

[P. 54]

In the cases in which the occupation cannot be defined with a specific name, the type of work which the person did in their job should be written with the greatest detail.

Do not write generic names such as employer, mechanic, or [unintelligible], but rather specific names such as "shop clerk," "automobile mechanic," "typing secretary." Write with the greatest detail possible.

In some cases, professionals carry out jobs which are different from their specialty, or the name of the occupation which they have is different from the name of their profession; in these cases write down the name which is given as the principal occupation. For example: for a lawyer who has the position of sales manager, write down "sales manager," or for a professor who works in a government agency as a "primary school inspector," write down this last profession.


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Mexico 1990 — source variable MX1990A_0429 — Occupation, 4 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Ask only if the person is twelve years old or more

If the answer was worked [ ] 1 or had a job but didn't work [ ] 2, ask the following questions:

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions for persons who are twelve years old or more.

Questions: 11. Number of children; 12. Civil status; 13. Principal activity; 14. Principal Occupation; 15. Labor situation; 16. Hours; 17. Economic activity and 18. Income, will only be asked if the person about whom you are requesting information is 12 years old or more. If the person is a man, continue directly with the question about civil status. If the person is a woman, ask question 11. Number of children.


14. Principal occupation

With this question you will know what the person did in his/her work, which means, what tasks he/she carried out, what job he/she did, or what post he/she held in the job that he/she did the week of March 5 to 11, 1990.

-Supervisor of seamstresses
-Machinery oiler
-Singer and actor
-Chicken counter
-Veterinarian
-Clinical laboratory technician
-Tinsmith
-Municipal president
-Farmer
-General manager
-Textile laborer
-Butcher
-Drill press operator
-Automobile mechanic
-Hand-delivery person
-Candy vendor
-Store clerk
-Secondary school teacher
-Stevedore
-Secretary
-Photographer
-Buying agent
-Tractor driver
-Cowboy


If the person had more than one job, you should write the information about the principal job; the principal job is considered the one that the person declares as the most important one.

To know exactly what the occupation of a person is, you should ask the following questions:

[Illustration]
14. Principal occupation
What is the job, post, or position that you have at your principal occupation?
_____
Write the name (Here you should write the name of the job, post or position that the person held).

What are the tasks or functions that you do in your job?
____
Write the tasks (here you should write the activities, things, or tasks that the person did in his/her work).
[End of illustration]


It is very important that you write the answer clearly for each of the questions.

[p.37]
Do not write general descriptions like: teacher, worker, driver, or assistant; write exactly the name of the job, post, or position that the person held: elementary school teacher, Operator of front loader, can packer, driver of passenger bus, plumber's assistant...

If the informant answers that the person is an employee, ask the informant to clarify what the person's occupation is, for example: cashier, salesperson, announcer, archivist, taco vendor, etc.

[Illustration]
What is the job, post, or position that you have at your principal occupation?
Sugar cane cutter
What are the tasks or functions that you do in your job?
Cut sugar cane and carry it to the sugar mill.

What is the job, post, or position that you have at your principal occupation?
Pottery artisan
What are the tasks or functions that you do in your job?
Make pots out of clay.

What is the job, post, or position that you have at your principal occupation?
Doctor surgeon
What are the tasks or functions that you do in your job?
Cure and operate on people who are ill.

What is the job, post, or position that you have at your principal occupation?
Seamstress
What are the tasks or functions that you do in your job?
Sew blouses and skirts.
[End of illustration]


[p.43]
[Illustration]
I work as a flower vendor. I do not have an employer, I am self-employed. I work everyday, Monday through Sunday, from 8 in the morning until 6 P.M.. I sell my flowers in the street, on the street called "September 16", and I make about two hundred thousand pesos biweekly.

14. Principal occupation
What is the job, post or position that you have at your principal occupation?
Flower vendor
Write the name.

What are the tasks or functions that you do in your job?
Sell flowers
Write the tasks.

15. Work situation
The person in his/her work is?
Mark only one circle
Employee or worker? [ ] 1
Day laborer or salaried laborer? [ ] 2
Self-employed? [x] 3
Employer or businessman [ ] 4
Unpaid worker in a family business or property? [ ] 5

16. Hours
How many hours total did you work last week?

[70]
Write the number

17. Economic activity
What is the primary activity of the business, lot, company, institution or place where you worked?

To sell flowers
Write the primary activity

Where did you work?
For example: in the fields, in a factory, in a mechanic's shop

In the street
Write the place where he/she worked

18. Income
How does this person earn for his/her work?
Write only one answer in numbers

Weekly [__] 1
Biweekly [200,000] 2
Monthly [__] 3
Yearly [__] 4
Mark with an x
Does not receive income [ ] 0


-I am a seamstress, I make dresses and blouses for my clients here in my house. I work six hours a day and I rest on Saturdays and Sundays. I make about eighty thousand pesos a week.

14. Principal occupation
What is the job, post, or position that you have at your principal occupation?
Seamstress of dresses and blouses
Write the name.

What are the tasks or functions that you do in your job?
Sew and cut blouses and dresses
Write the tasks.

15. Work situation
The person in his/her work is?
Mark only one circle
Employee or worker? [ ] 1
Day laborer or salaried laborer? [ ] 2
Self-employed? [x] 3
Employer or businessman [ ] 4
Unpaid worker in a family business or property? [ ] 5

16. Hours
How many hours total did you work last week?

[30]
Write the number

17. Economic activity
What is the primary activity of the business, lot, company, institution or place where you worked?

To cut and sew blouses and dresses
Write the primary activity

Where did you work?
For example: in the fields, in a factory, in a mechanic's shop

At home
Write the place where he/she worked

18. Income
How does this person earn for his/her work?
Write only one answer in numbers

Weekly [80,000] 1
Biweekly [__] 2
Monthly [__] 3
Yearly [__] 4
Mark with an x
Does not receive income [ ] 0

[End of illustration]


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Mexico 1995 — source variable MX1995A_0429 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For people 12 years old or older
[Applies to questions 7.3 to 7.11]

Occupation or office

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


VII Economic characteristics

In this section some of the economic characteristics of the population of work age (12 years old or older) are found out; which are related to socio-demographic and cultural information about the population, that permit us to know the socioeconomic situation of people and households.

[graphic of the question from the census form]

The information obtained in this section permits us to know, in a specific reference period (the week before the interview), how the work force [p. 119] in the country is formed, that is, who worked or looked for work; about the first jobs, what is done in the occupation, how many hours are worked, what are the incomes, the relation with the employer, etc.

Also in the population of 12 years old or older it is meant to distinguish who receives income by different sources at the job and the importance of these perceptions.


7.3 and 7.4 Occupation and office

The objective to these questions is to know the occupation of employed people, that is, the type of work or office they had and the duties they carried out the week before the date of the interview.

In question 7.3, write down the office or position that the person had at the job. When the person had more than one job, write only the office that the informant considers more important.

[p. 126]

When the answer corresponds to very general offices, like teacher, assistant, operator, supervisor, owner, among others, it is indispensable that they give you more details about the occupation, since the description can refer to different occupations. For example:

[Below the text are two columns of occupations. I will translate each section, from left to right.]

A teacher can be:
Teacher of primary school
Carpenter teacher
Mechanical teacher
Bricklaying teacher
Teacher of dance, etc.

On operator can be:
Operator of motor loader
Operator of cranes
Truck operator
Mill operator
Lathe operator

A vendor can be:
Street salesperson
Vendor in a store
Food vendor
House vendor

A driver can be:
Taxi driver
Metro driver
Cargo truck driver
Rail road train driver

An assistant can be:
Bricklayer's assistant
Mechanic's assistant
Miner's assistant
Cook's assistant

A director can be:
Hospital director
Bank director
School director
Movie theater director
Newspaper director

[p. 127]

A manager can be:
Hotel manager
Bank manager
Airline manager
Commercial store manager
Automobile agency manager

A government employee can be:
Municipal president
Secretary of state
Head of transportation
Treasurer of a government office

Answers like worker and employee are common; in these cases ask the informant to clarify what the occupation is.

[Below the text are two columns listing occupations. I will translate the columns left to right.]

Example
Teller
Salesclerk in a jewelry store
Secretary
Clinical lab worker
Collector
Messenger
Automobile mechanic
Food distributor
Electrician
Oilier of machinery
Tinsmith
Bread baker
Cane cutter

When in 7.1 Condition of activity they mention the office, position, or charge of the person, when arriving at this question, confirm with the informant the selected office, like in the following example:

Interviewer: Did Juan work last week?
Informant: Yes, he's a taxi driver
Interviewer: Then Juan's occupation is taxi driver?
Informant: Yes

Question 7.4 has as its objective to know duties or activities that the person does in the occupation registered in the previous question, for example:

[p. 128]

[Question 7.3, Office, position or charge, and question 7.4 Duties or functions are listed side by side. I will translate each position, then its duty.]

Bricklayer contractor
Controls assistants and heads of the job
Supervisor of quality control
Supervises the making of clothes
Stevedore
Arranges boxes in a winery
Technicians in electronics
Repairs electric domestic appliances
Owner in a pharmacy
Administers the pharmacy
Farmer
Grows corn and beans
Rancher
Raises cows
Foreman
Organizes ranching activities
Vulcanizer
Repairs tires

[graphic of the question from the census form]

Write in the corresponding line the duties or functions that they mention, when the informant indicates that the week before the date of the interview, no work was done because of being on vacation, on strike, on leave or military leave, waiting for the beginning of an agricultural cycle or season of harvest, ask what office or position is done.

Register in 7.4 the duties or functions that the informant does in the job, making sure they are as explicit as possible.

Do not forget that when a person had more than one job, only the duties that correspond to the office or charge that the informant pointed out as principle are registered.

[p. 129]

Remember that when in the question about verification of condition of activity (7.2), mark a code 1 to 6 continue with the question about duties or functions (7.4). For these cases ask the question use the term "activity" instead of "work;" for example, What are the duties or functions that Juan has in his activity?"

If after investigating, the informant does not know the office or position (question 7.3) or the duties done in the job (question 7.4), write "Does not know," according to what it corresponds to.


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Mexico 2000 — source variable MX2000A_0439 — Occupation, 4 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


24. Occupation or job

What did this person do in his or her work last week?
____ Write the activities or tasks


What is the name of his or her occupation, work or job title? For example: farm laborer, elementary school teacher, traveling sales person
_____ Write the occupation work or job title.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


24. Occupation or Trade

The occupation is captured in the following two questions:

In the first, write what the person did in their work during the previous week; that is, the chores or activities that they carried out.

In the second, record the name of the occupation, trade, or position in the activity that the person carried out during the previous week.

[Two depictions of this completed question on the enumeration form, and two related drawings]

Record the information from the informant just as they report it to you, following the order of the questions, even if they first mention the name of the occupation and then what the person did in their job. For example, if, in asking what they did, they say that they are a taxi driver, confirm with the informant what they do as a taxi driver, and then write drives a taxi under the first question and taxi driver under the second.
Try not to record imprecise chores or general activities, such as supervises, teaches, sells, etc., nor general posts or trades such as employee, manual laborer, supervisor, since this does not allow us to know occupation.

[P. 80]

Write down the tasks and the trade or position as is indicated in the following:

Tasks Trades or positions
Supervises cashiers in a supermarket Cashier supervisor
Gives swimming lessons Swim instructor
Sells fruit in the street Traveling fruit salesperson


If a person carried out more than one job during the previous week, ask for the information on the occupation that the informant recognizes as their principle employment.


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Mexico 2010 — source variable MX2010A_0453 — Occupation or trade
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

III. Personal characteristics

Now I am going to ask you about (name): ________
Copy the name of the person from section II


For person age 12 or older
[Questions 24-35 were asked of persons age 12 or older]


28. Occupation or trade
What did [the respondent] do in his/her work last week?

[Question 28 was asked of persons age 12 or older who worked or helped in economic activity last week, per questions 26 and 27.]

Write what s/he did ________


So, what is the name of the occupation, trade or position of [the respondent]? Examples are electrical technician, primary school teacher, fruit seller or bricklayer.
Write the occupation or trade ________


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6.5 Section III. Characteristics of the people

In this section the information of the people who inhabit the dwelling, like the sex, age, level of studies, income, among others, is obtained.

Before requesting the information for each person, copy all the names in the spaces designated for them, and for each person start with the phrase: "Now I'm going to ask about (mention the name of the person you previously noted)", so that the informer knows about whom you will be asking the information.


For persons age 12 or older
[Questions 24-35 are for persons age 12 or older]


28. Occupation or trade
The occupation or trade of a person is obtained through two questions to find out what he/she carried out the week before the data collection.
- The first identifies what the person did in his/her job, that is to say, the tasks or activities that he/she completed.
- The second looks for the common name of the occupation, trade, or position that the person carries out.

On occasions, the informer only knows the tasks that the person carries out but not the name of the occupation, or the other way around. If this is the case, investigate using the technique of confirmation and your experience, so that upon recording the response the informer hears what you are writing.

Examples:
Interviewer: "What did Eduardo do in his job last week?"
Informer: "He is a taxi driver".
Interviewer: "So, he drove a taxi?"
Informer: "Yes".
Interviewer: "His occupation is taxi driver?"
Informer: "Yes".

[p. 111]

Interviewer: "What did Adela do in her job last week?"
Informer: "She is a Social Service nurse".
Interviewer: "Adela cares for the sick?"
Informer: "Yes".
Interviewer: "She is a nurse".
Informer: "Yes".

Interviewer: "What did Juana do in her job last week?"
Informer: "She works shifts in the houses".
Interviewer: "Oh, then, last week Juana did chores in other homes?"
Informer: "Yes, that's right".
Interviewer: "She's a domestic worker".

When the informer responds with general or confusing names of tasks, occupations, or trades, investigate further without bothering in order to obtain a clear and more precise answer.

Examples:
General responses: he/she works a lot, worker, he/she teaches, laborer
Clear and precise responses: he/she supervises the cashiers, auto-service supervisor, gives swim classes, swim instructor

Likewise, when the response about what the person did or the name of the occupation is not fine-tuned or congruent, investigate further with other questions in order to obtain a simple and clear response.

Examples:
Tasks: gives injections, fills out time cards
Occupation or trade: secretary, doctor
Then: "Is he/she a nurse or a secretary? Does he/she fill out time cards or is he/she a doctor?"

If the person completed more than one job, ask what was the main job, as recognized by the informer or the worker. If he/she has a doubt ask: "For

[p.112]

you, which of these jobs is the most important?" If the doubt continues, investigate to which he/she dedicated more time the last week.


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Mexico 2015 — source variable MX2015A_0436 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

30. Name of occupation
What was [the respondent’s] occupation last week? (Electrical technician, school teacher, fruit seller, construction worker, auto mechanic, etc.)
[Write the occupation]

________

[p. 8]
[Continue if the person is 12 or more years old]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

30. Name of occupation and 31. Tasks
These questions identify the occupation of the respondent who worked the week previous to the interview. Question 30 "Name of occupation" identifies the name of the occupation or trade of the workers and question 31 "Job duties" identifies the specific activities carried out by them at their jobs. Apply question 30 "Name of occupation" only to people who worked during the week previous to the interview, so these people answered "yes" to question 28 "Work" or because their answers were between codes 1 to 6 in question 29 "Other activities". When the answer is code 6, consider the name of the occupation that the person performs usually. Read the question, listen to the answer and record the textual answer; in all cases avoid doing translations or reinterpretations.

Request more information when the answer is too general, no matters in which case.
For example:

Interviewee: "I am laborer"; Interviewer: "Where?"; Interviewee: "I am textile cutter operator"
Interviewee: "I am worker"; Interviewer: "Where?"; Interviewee: "I am cashier in a supermarket"
Interviewee: "I am teacher"; Interviewer: "Where?"; Interviewee: "I am primary school teacher"
Interviewee: "I sold a product"; Interviewer: "What did you sell?"; Interviewee: "I sold cosmetics"
Interviewee: "I did repairs"; Interviewer: "What did you repair?"; Interviewee: "I repair televisions"

[Figures are omitted]

When you obtain an occupation in question 30 and the job duties performed in that occupation are obvious, confirm it with the informant to verify or to correct the information. For example:

Interviewee: "I am doctor"; Interviewer: "Did you treat patients?"; Interviewee: "Yes, I looked after sick people"
Interviewee: "I am mechanic"; Interviewer: "Did you repair cars?"; Interviewee: "No, I repaired heavy machinery"

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Mongolia 2000 — source variable MN2000A_0423 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 16-18 were asked of persons age 15+ who worked during last week.]


16. Occupations ____ _ _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 16

Employment

This question should be answered by the people who answered "Yes" to question fifteen. The question should be asked as "What kind of job do you do?" What kind of occupation do you do? These should be asked to define the true nature of the employment, namely:

The enumerator should be clear that he or she is asking about the duties and description of their job, not their occupation. Occupation and the engaged job do not need to be the same as well. For instance, an accountant could work as a head of the human resource section.

If the person answers this question in a very general manner as teacher, operator or driver, the enumerator should clarify this as Where do you work as a teacher and what do you teach? What kind of operator are you? What kind of car do you drive? and complete the question as Mathematics teacher at the university, dry cleaning operator, sales manager or truck driver.(Please see the manual for filling out the questionnaire, page numbers 15-19)

If the person is engaged with various kinds of jobs, the job that takes most of the time should be written in the questionnaire.

If there is a person who does not work during 7 days prior to the census but has a labor contract with his or her employee and is able to continue work after certain period, he or she should be noted as employed.

Guideline to fill Questions number 15-19 of the Questionnaire

The enumerator should fill out the questions related to the employment and main activity of enterprise, with many details (not general) and make it easy to understand for coding people. In the employment section, if the person is a teacher, it should be clarified by asking what does he or she teaches? There is an example to make it more understandable.

A. The main activity of person should be detailed. For instance, the person would say his or her employment as a manager and should indicate his or her main activity as an "industry and trade". In this case, the enumerator should ask if he is a sales manager or general manager and at which division does he or she work for? What kind of economic activity does your enterprise do?

[p. 30]

15. Did you work last week? Yes-1
16. Job: Advertisement manager
17. Main activity of the enterprise and establishment: Sale and production of salami and meat product
18. Employment status: Contract worker-1

It should be clarified by asking "Do you have salary? Do you own this enterprise? If he or she does not own this enterprise or contributed his or her own property to this enterprise, he or she will be defined as a contract worker.

2. If a person owns that enterprise, the main activity of the enterprise will remain the same as a "trade" and his or her employment would be a "sales person". It should be clarified with many details that trade is wholesale, retail trade or intellectual work trade. For instance, wholesale of vegetables, retail trade of shoes in the black market.

15. Did you work last week? Yes-1
16. Job: Vegetables salesperson
17. Main activity of the enterprise and establishment: Wholesale trade of vegetables
18. Employment status: Contract worker-1

In this case, the person who works in the wholesale trade of vegetables as a salesperson is a contract worker because he or she gets paid working as a salesperson. It must be clarified that whose property is in this trade, if he or she did not contribute any property to this trade, he or she will be defined as a contract employer.

3. Occupational jobs should be clarified in a very detailed manner, too. If the person is an operator, it should be clarified what kind of machine or equipment operator does he or she do? For instance, the person who works at "Hotol cement" company as an operator, he or she should answer own employment as following:

15. Did you work last week? Yes-1
16. Job: Equipment operator of cement production
17. Main activity of the enterprise and establishment: Cement company
18. Employment status: Cooperative member-4

In this case, it is understandable or certain, a person who works at a cement company as a paid employer and his or her employment status will be defined as a contract employer.

[p. 31]

B. Example to fill in the questions about employment of person who work at more than one job

1. If a person worked at more than one job one week prior to the reference period, the main job should be registered in the questionnaire. The main job is the one that was worked at the longest during the reference period (1 week) of the census. If the worked hours at both jobs is the same, then the job with the higher income will be registered in the questionnaire. For instance, accountant Ms. Dulmaa works at a commercial bank as a general accountant but also works at small private shop as a accountant, the main job will be a general accountant and the main economic activity will be registered as an "activity of monetary circulation".

15. Did you work last week? Yes-1
16. Job: General accountant
17. Main activity of the enterprise and establishment: Activity of monetary circulation
18. Employment status: Contract worker-1

In this case, Ms. Dulmaa works at the commercial bank as a general accountant and she is a contract worker. Because she gets paid working as a general accountant, it should be clarified whose property is in the commercial bank, and if she did not contribute any property to this bank, her employment will be defined as a contract employer.

C. An example to fill the questions about self-employed person.

1. Questions 15-18, related to the employment of person aged 15 and over who works at household businesses (livestock, farming etc) except the head of households, should be filled out as follows:

15. Did you work last week? Yes-1
16. Job: Herder
17. Main activity of the enterprise and establishment: Livestock sector
18. Employment status: Unpaid family worker-5

People who do not get paid from their work in a household business should have their employment status defined as "unpaid family worker". The employment status of those people cannot be defined as "self-employed" because they are participating in their own household business but are not engaged with any industrial activity that is independent.

[p. 32]

2. If a person engages in the household business and hires any other household members permanently, the employment status of the head of household will be defined as a" employer" not self-employed.

15. Did you work last week? Yes-1
16. Job: Owner
17. Main activity of the enterprise and establishment: Livestock sector
18. Employment status: Unpaid family worker-5

The employment status of the person who is engaged in retail trade, craftsman or service without any permission, will be filled out as "self-employed" because they are engaged with their own business that is independent. If a person says that he or she works at a car cleaning service, it should be clarified by asking, what kind of car does he/she clean, where does he or she work?

15. Did you work last week? Yes-1
16. Job: Car cleaner
17. Main activity of the enterprise and establishment: Livestock sector
18. Employment status: Self-employed-3

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Morocco 1982 — source variable MA1982A_0424 — Occupation (3-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Q20: Main occupation
Ask this question for all active persons, employed or jobless (see detailed instructions), or inactive persons who answered Q18 who worked during the specified reference period.

Example: bricklayer, plumber, cereal farmer, stockbreeder, etc.

________________________



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Morocco 1994 — source variable MA1994A_0430 — Occupation, 3-digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Q19. Primary profession carried on
This question is asked to every active occupied or unemployed. This question was coded at a later stage (please see instructions manual to code professions). It concerns active occupied, active not working but had held a job in the past, and active never worked before but with qualifications.
____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Individuals: (multiple records)

For persons age 10 or older
[Questions 15-16.]


Q19. Primary profession carried on____

This question is asked to every actively occupied or unemployed [person]. This question was coded at a later stage (please see the instructions manual to code the profession). It concerns [persons who are] actively occupied, active not working but held a job in the past, and active never worked before but with qualifications.



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Morocco 2004 — source variable MA2004A_0427 — Occupation (3-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


E07. Main occupation _____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Q18: Primary profession: This question was coded at a later stage (please see instructions to code profession manual). It concerns active occupied, active not working but had held a job in the past, and active never worked before but with qualifications.


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Mozambique 1997 — source variable MZ1997A_0435 — Occupation 3-digit
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

FOR PEOPLE AGED 7+ ONLY.

24. What kind of activity is executed in the place where (the person) currently works at?

Activity executed: ________
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions Only For People With 7 Years And Older

P24. What kind of business is held in place where you usually work?
Read the question and then write the specific name of the company's main activity or institution in which the interviewee works or activity that the respondent performs on your own.
Keep in mind that:

People who have stated that the P21 sought new employment should indicate the activity they were familiar in the place where they worked last time.

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Mozambique 2007 — source variable MZ2007A_0474 — Occupation

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Nepal 2001 — source variable NP2001A_0446 — Usual occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Questions [15 to 20] are asked to persons 10 years of age and above


17. What work ____ usually do? (Occupation)

(Describe the actual work done)

____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following should be taken into consideration while asking questions of column 17, 18, 19 and 20.
a. If the number of months by summing category 1, 2, and 3 of column 16 >= 6 (six months or more), then the questions on columns 17, 18 and 19 should be asked and the question 20 should not be asked.

b. If the number of months by summing category 1, 2, and 3 of column 16 is less than six months and more than 0 month, then the questions on columns 17, 18, 19 and 20 should be asked.

c. If number of months of category1 of column 16 = 0 and number of months of category 4 of column 16 =12, then the questions on columns 17, 18, 19 should not be asked but the questions on column 20 should be asked.


Column 17: What work ____usually do?
(For all, the time period of 1+2+3 greater than 1month in column 16)

The economically active population may have remained active at some time during the last 12 month, that person may be engaged more or less time in the economic work. The enumerator should find out what was his/her usual activity in the reference period. If the person had some post or status of work, it should be mentioned.

The meaning of work for the column 17, 18 and 19 is the income related economic work which is mentioned in categories 1, 2, 3 and 4 of column 15.

In the reference period, a person can have done any one or more than one above mentioned economic activities that generate income. Person may have done some of the work for longer duration and some for work shorter duration. While writing the description of work in columns 17, 18 and 19 the description of work that the person has done for the majority of time should be written in the respective columns. If the income generating activities (work) have been done for 3 months, 2 months or only for 1 month, it may be the usual major economic activities done mostly during the reference period.

The usual major activity of the enumerated person in the reference period should be written in this column; in short and clear words.

The income generated work done by the person in the reference year usually or for some time is the specific work done by the person is the occupation. According to the nature of the work done by the people, their occupation may also be different. The classification of the occupation can be done by the nature of the status of the work done. So, to classify the work into occupation, the specific work done by the people should be written, and if it is possible to write the post or position or level of the status of the work done, it should be also mentioned. According to the work and level as mentioned above, it is possible to separate the occupation of the manpower of Nepal at that time, and the occupation classification of the manpower could be done.

Some of the examples are given below, to find out the occupation of the people in the reference period according to the nature of the usual economic work.

There are different types of work in agricultural activities. For example; digging, ploughing, collection of seeds, growing seed, planting, irrigation etc.

The following different work may be done in all the agricultural activities. Examples:

i. In cereal crop/cash crop -- paddy, wheat, maize, millet, barley, etc. are produced. In pulses group lentil, chicken pea, pigeon pea, black gram, grass pea, horse gram, soybean and others are produced. In cash crop jute, sugarcane, tobacco, oilseed, mustard etc. are grown. What was the actual work done in the cereal crop or cash crop should be written.

ii. In vegetable crops -- potato, cauliflower, cabbage, radish, brinjal, lady finger, pumpkin, etc. are produced. What was the actual work done in producing vegetables should be written here.

iii. In fruits -- mango, banana, orange, apple, guava, pear, durian, pomegranates, lemon, lime, pineapple, etc. are produced.

In the agricultural activities, what usual activity person had done should be written. For example, "all the work related to cereal crop", "vegetable crop related activities like planting, "fruit crop", tea , coffee crop, "nursery", "flower production", etc.

iv. Some person has done livestock work for producing milk, meat, hair, skin and others. If their usual work was livestock related activities like grass cutting, grazing and other sanitation work of livestock like cows, buffalo, sheep/goat, pig, etc. it should be written as 'livestock/cow boy" or "all activities of livestock"

v. If the person was engaged in fishery, it should be written as "fishery" or "activities related to fish catching"

vi. If the person was engaged in professional poultry work of cock/hen, ducks, battai should be written as "poultry"

vii. Similarly if the person was engaged in silkworm farm for cocon production, bee keeping in bee hives and honey production, it should be written as silkworm farming, bee keeping.

viii. If a person was engaged in planting the trees in jungle (forestation), collection of fire wood, collection of medicinal plants (herbs) it should be written as according to her/his usual activity.


In the reference period, the person may engage in more than one agricultural-related activity, as mentioned above. If the person had done different activities, the description of usual activity (which works done for longer period) should be written.

Examples
1. To mention the above work, where did the person do the work, what was the employment status, like: employer, employees, own account worker, it should be also mentioned.

2. If the enumerated person is a doctor, she/he may be engaged most of the time in the last 12 month in health checkup and medical treatment. If the doctor was engaged in health checkup and medical treatment, then in this column it should be written as "health checkup and medical treatment - doctor". If the working person is a nurse, it should be written as "health checkup and medical treatment - nurse". If the doctor is a dentist, then it should be written as "treatment of teeth - dentist". If the person is an assistant in health services, it should be written as "dental assistant", "midwife", "health assistant", or "livestock health assistant".

3. The special work of tailors may be to design and cut the piece of cloth, stitching cloth. The work of traders may be "to manage or to buy and sell the goods, to transport the sold goods". So, during that time, what work was done should be written as "tailor", "trader" etc.

4. For the workers who work in the government office, semi government office, corporation, private company: their nature of work can be identified by the name of post. For example, a typist is doing typing work, a sales girl is selling the goods, an administrative officer is related with administrative work, etc. In this way, the person who did the job-related work in the reference period can be identified. But some others are not doing the work as their post. So, for the paid worker, it should be identified what job they did in the reference period and should be written the actual work they had done. For example: "account officer, account administration", "accountant, book keeping"; data collection, enumerator"; "administration policy implementation, joint secretary"; "administrative record keeping, office assistant"; "record file management" should be written.

5. For the teachers - if they were engaged in teaching at the reference period, "teacher, primary school"; "teacher, secondary school", "teacher, campus or university", should be written.

If they teach for physically or mentally disabled people, then it should be written as "teacher of physical/mental disabled people".

6. The nature of the work of the people may be different in the same organization or office. For example, the employees of Food Corporation have different types of job. Some of the employees are engaged in "personnel administration", some are engaged in "selling of food products", and some of them are "security guard". For truck, car or jeep driver, it should be written as "truck, car or jeep driver". If the enumerated person was an employee of the Food Corporation in the fifth level and in the last 12 month she/he usually engaged in the selling of food products, then it should be written as "selling of food related materials, fifth level".

7. If the person was engaged in the manufacturing profession, then his job should be written clearly. For example, if the person was market manager of the readymade garment, then it should be written as "market manager", "assistant market manager". If the person was engaged in cloth stitching, "cloth stitching" should be written. If in a cigarette factory the person was engaged in tobacco winnowing, it should be written as "tobacco winnowing". The technician who mixed up the color in a chocolate factory should be written as "color mixer". In the press, if the person was repairing the machine, it should be written as "machine repairer". When operating the machine, it should be written as "machine operator". In the house, if a person was doing wool-related activities, it should be written as "making wool, weaving blanket". In the manufacturing industry, if the person was doing data-related activities then it should be written as "data collection or processing or analysis" according to the nature of the work and also should be mentioned the post.

8. Occupation is distinguished by the nature of the work. So it should be mentioned the usual work done by the male or female in the reference year. It should also include the post or level of the job. It should not be written "job" only. "Job" cannot describe what work was done.


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Nepal 2011 — source variable NP2011A_0459 — Occupation (1-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Questions are asked to persons 10 years of age and above
[Questions 22 to 26 were asked of persons 10 years or older.]

For questions 23, 24 and 25, Q 22: [1+2+3+4] greater than 0
[Questions 23 to 25 were asked of those who answered they did agricultural (1), salary/wage (2), own economic enterprise (3), or extended economic (4) work for a total of months greater than zero.]

[23] What work [the respondent] usually has done? [Occupation] ____

[Describe the actual work done. eg. Teaching, high school teacher]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Work, economic activity, economically active/inactive manpower (columns 22-26)
Five questions from columns 22-26 are related to economic and non-economic activities. Ask these questions to the people usually living in the family and aged 10 years or older.

Column 23: what economic woks did [the respondent] usually do?
(Only to persons whose time of (1+2+3+4) [options] of column 22 is greater than zero)

Write information about the economic works done by the enumerated person in the last 12 months. If there is any position or level in the work, such should also need to specify.

Here, for the purpose of columns 23 and 24, work means the works stated in the column 22 - i.e. 1. Agriculture / own farming; 2. Salary / wage; 3. Own non-agriculture business, and 4. Extended economic activities - which are earnings from the economic viewpoint.

For example: If the enumerated person is a doctor, he might have done health checkup and treatment to others most of the time in the last 12 months. If the work is related to health checkup and treatment, write the work he/she did as "health checkup and treatment, doctor" in this column. If the person is nurse, write "health checkup and treatment, nurse". If dentist, write "treatment of teeth, dentist". If they are assistant in the health service, write "dental assistant," "midwife," "medical assistant," "veterinary assistant," etc.

Similarly, for the person working in farming/agriculture, write the name of the crops/farming items and the nature of his task - e.g. "food crops farming, all works", "vegetable farming, showing and weeding," "fruits farming," "tea, coffee farming," "nursery," "flower production/farming," etc.

While writing the work, do not write only "job". Only writing the "job" word does not clarify the nature of the work. In the government and private offices, the nature of work differs with what is required to be performed by each position. Therefore, if a person says he or she is a doing job, ask him/her what types of work it is and where it is done and write accordingly - e.g. "finance administration, account officer," "book keeping, accountant," "data collecting, enumerator," "implementing administration policy, joint secretary," "auditing, auditor," etc. Similarly, write as "to keep account of employee, accountant," "manage records, files, office assistant."

[p. 89]

[Images are omitted]

In the reference time, a person might have done one or more economic activities. He or she might have done some work for longer periods and some work for shorter periods. While writing the information on works in columns 23, 24 and 25, write the information about the work that was done for the longest period in the last 12 months. Even for such economically works that were done for 3, 2, or 1 months, write the work that was done for the longest period. The main or particular income generating work done for the longest period in the last 12 months would be the occupation of that person. Occupation differs as per the nature of work. Occupation is categorized as per the nature of works done being in different position or level. Therefore, in order to categorize the works in appropriate occupation category, the particularly works and the position or level under which that work is performed should be written. Based on the work and position/level, we can identify the occupation of various workforces and categorize them according to their occupation. To specify the occupation of a person based on the work done for the longest period in the reference time, some of the examples are presented below.

In agriculture/farming occupation, there are various types or work - e.g. spalding, plowing, colleting seeds, seedling, planting, irrigation, weeding, treatment of pesticides or diseases, harvesting and storing, etc. These different tasks have to be done for all types of farming activities. For example:

a. Paddy, wheat, maize, barley, millet, buckwheat are produced under food/cereal crops. The category of pulse includes grass pea, lentil, chickpea, horse gram, soybean, and mung bean. The cash crops category includes jutes, sugar cane, tobacco, mustard, sesame, and flaxseed. To specify such works, write the main crops as far as possible. For example, cereal/food crops - paddy; or cash crops - sugar cane; or pulse crops - lentil.

b. The vegetable farming category includes potato, cauliflower, cabbage, radish, rayo, eggplant, bitter guard, lady finger, and pumpkin. The produced vegetable should be written to specify the nature of work. Write the main vegetable crops to identify such works. For example, vegetable farming - cauliflower.

c. Mango, banana, orange, apple, jack fruits, pomegranate, lemon, lime, pineapple, etc. are produced under the fruits crops category. Write, fruits crop - mango.

[p. 90]

d. If someone have been rearing livestock for milk, mean, fur, leather, or has spent most of the time doing shepherd job or caring livestock, write the nature of work as "livestock rearing, shepherd" or "doing all the works rearing livestock."

e. While writing the occupation related to fish production, write "fisheries" or "catching fish."

f. If people are doing poultry farming for commercial purposes (chicken, duck, egg production etc.), write the works as "chicken/duck/egg production."

g. If people are doing silk farming or bee keeping, write "silk farming" or "bee keeping."

h. If people are doing works like vegetation planting, colleting woods or firewood, herbal medicine, write the nature of the work accordingly. For example: collection of yarsagumba.

In the reference time period, the person doing farming might have done one or more of the works. Therefore, while writing the information about their works, write the work that has been done for the longest period of time.

Example:
1. While doing the works stated above, whether the work was done, whether it was done for self or for others taking wage/salary (in cash or goods), all such information need to specify.

2. The particular work of a tailor might be cutting cloth and sewing it. The person engaging in trade might purchase and sell goods or manage these things, or transport the goods. Hence, what works has been done at that time -e.g. "sewing cloth," "selling goods," "retailer" - should be written.

3. Identify the position of the people working in a government office, semi-government, NGOs, organizations, private companies, and particular works they performed in the reference time that can be disclosed by their position or level. E.g. a typist do typing job, sales girl sells goods, administrative officer oversees administrative works, etc. But some people may not do the work according to their position or level. Therefore, even for people doing a job on salary/wage, ask them what they did in the reference time period and write their particular works they performed. For example - "auditor -auditing", "accountant - book keeping", "enumerator - collecting data and information", "joint secretary - implementing administrative policy" should be written. Similarly, write "office assistant - registering and dispatching."

[Images are omitted]

4. For teacher or teaching profession - If they were teaching in the reference time, write "teacher - primary school," "teacher - secondary school," "lecturer - campus or university," "professor - campus or university." If the person is teaching to disable people, write "teacher - physically or mentally disable people."

5. People working in the same office or organization might have different nature of job. E.g. - the people working in the food corporation have different job. Some look after "employee administration" and some oversee "financial administration", some "sells food items", and some "store keeper." If they are drivers of truck, car or jeep, write as "truck, car or jeep driver". If the enumerated person is an employee at fifth level and was selling food items in the food corporation for most of the time in the last 12 years, write it as "fifth level - selling food items."

[p. 91]

6. If any person has worked in a production industry business, write clearly what he/she has done. For example - if the person was readymade garment's marketing manager in a garment industry, write it as "marketing manager" or "assistant marketing manager". If a person sewed cloth or did tailoring job, write "tailor". If a person is doing tobacco processing in a tobacco industry, write "tobacco processor," if he or she is working as a technician for color mixing in a chocolate factory, write "color mixing, technician." If a person has repaired press machines, write "machine repair person" and if a person is a mechanic machine operator, write "machine operator."

If the person is spiller of wool thread in a house, write "spilling wool thread," if he or she is weaving wool carpet, write "weaving wool carpet." If the person has worked with data, ask what particular tasks that he or she has performed as collection or processing or analysis and write the particular work performed along with their position.

7. As the occupation is identified on the basis of nature of work, if they did a work the reference time period while they were in a position, then such position also should be written in this column.

Note: Do not write anything on the four small boxes below the blank space where the response of question under column 23 is written. These four small boxes are for coding purposes.


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Netherlands 2001 — source variable NL2001A_0409 — Occupation

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Netherlands 2011 — source variable NL2011A_0409 — Occupation (1-digit)

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Nicaragua 1971 — source variable NI1971A_0417 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For those 10 years of age or older
[Applies to section D]


15. Principal occupation

Only for those who answered 1, 2 or 3 in question 14.

What occupation, position or type of work did you perform during the week of April 12th to the 17th, or in the last job you had?

____ Principal occupation


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Economic characteristics
The questions included in this section (type of activity, principal occupation, industry, and employment status) are designed to investigate the population that participates in the production of goods and economic services, the occupational structure, the economic sector where the occupations are carried out, employment status, and the related demographic and social characteristics. The structure of the population that does not participate in the production of goods and economic services and demographic and social characteristics of this population are also investigated.

[p. 57]

Because of these objectives, questions 14, 15, 16, and 17 are only presented to those persons age 10 or older.


Question #15: Principal occupation
This question is only presented to those classified in alternatives 1, 2, and 3 in question 14.

a. How to ask the question:
What occupation, trade, or type of work did the person carry out during the week of April 12-17 or for the last employment held?

If the person claims to have carried out more than one occupation, the principal occupation is selected.


[p. 60]

"Principal occupation" refers to the occupation to which more hours are dedicated.

When dealing with a person who was previously employed but did not work during the week of April 12-17, the following question is asked:

What was the last occupation carried out?

b. How to record the information:
In the space provided, the principal occupation is recorded.

A word exactly describing the type of work indicated by the person should be used when recording the occupation. If a word is not sufficient, a sentence should be used.

Generic terms that do not give a clear idea of the work carried out should not be used (e.g. laborer, worker, employee, etc.).

To further illustrate, a list of examples of inappropriate terms along with appropriate terms is provided below:


[The list of examples is omitted]

[p. 61]

Finally, it is necessary to establish that in the case of professionals, the occupation corresponds to the profession. However, a certain number of professionals can have carried out occupations outside of their specialization during the week of reference. In this case, the occupation carried out is recorded, not the profession; e.g., if a medical surgeon acted as a hospital director, this occupation is recorded; if a lawyer acted as a manager of a textile company, this occupation is recorded, not the profession.

c. Examples:


[These instructions refer to a graph of question 15 on the census form]


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Nicaragua 1995 — source variable NI1995A_0430 — Occupation (ISCO 88, 3 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons age 10 or older
[Questions 12-18 were asked of persons age 10 or older]


Main occupation
15. What did/does the person do in their main job? ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions only for persons who are age 10 or older
The goals of these questions are to know the current marital status of the persons and the principal economic characteristics of the population that participated in the production of goods and services, as well as those who are dedicated to non-economic activities, such as: household chores, studying, etc.

If the person is younger than 10, continue with the next person.


Question 15: Main occupation
With this question we want to know what the person did, has done, or does in his/her principal work, which means the tasks the person carries out. What occupation did the person have, what was the person's position, or what type of work did the person do in the week before the day of the census or in his/her last day of work?

If the person has more than one occupation, you will note the one to which the person dedicates the greatest number of hours, or if he/she dedicated the same number of hours, the one that provided the greatest income. If it is the case of the same number of hours and equal income, then the principal occupation will be the one that the enumerated person considers to be the most important.

Recommendations:
1) The occupation should be noted clearly and with all of the details.

2) Do not write in general terms, such as: salesman, employee, office worker, worker, assistant, driver, etc., instead it is necessary that you clearly explain as shown in the following cases:

  • Salesman: door-to-door salesman, salesman who roams from area to area, newspaper salesman, salesman in a clothing shop, wholesale salesman, retail salesman
  • Worker: construction laborer, carpenter, framer, baker, lathe worker, plumber
  • Agricultural worker: milker, pruner, coffee harvester, cutter of sugar cane, coffee, cotton, etc., corral worker
  • Employee/office worker: typist, commercial secretary, executive secretary, bilingual secretary, commercial accountant, public accountant, bookkeeper
  • Mechanic: automobile mechanic, motorcycle mechanic, dental mechanic, aviation mechanic, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanic
  • Teacher: elementary school teacher, high school teacher, university professor, physical education teacher, teacher of dance, singing, swimming, beauty, etc.


3) Do not note write the profession of the enumerated person, especially if the person does not currently practice it. Consider the following examples:
a) If a public accountant worked as an elementary teacher, you should note "Elementary teacher" as occupation, and not "Public accountant".
b) If a civil engineer worked as the manager of INAA, you should note "Manager of INAA" and not "Civil engineer".
c) If an architect worked as a bank teller, you should note "Bank teller" and not "Architect".
d) If an automobile mechanic worked as a driver, you should note "Driver" (of a light vehicle, bus, or cargo truck) and not "Automobile mechanic".



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Nicaragua 2005 — source variable NI2005A_0438 — Occupation (ISCO 88, 3 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 19-31 were asked of persons age 10 or older]


28. What work did [the person] do/used to do in his/her principal job? ____

Code: _ _ _ _


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Principal job
This is the occupation at which the person spends most time in a week. If the person spends an equal amount of time at two occupations, the principal job is the one which provides more income. If the time spent at work and the income are the same, it is the one which the person considers most important.

Occupation
This is the trade or job at which the person spends his/her time.

Branch of activity
This is the activity of the place or establishment in which a person worked in the last week, or worked before becoming unemployed. Ask the person what the factory, industry, workshop, farm or establishment where the person worked did.


For persons age 10 or older (Questions 19-31)


Question 28. What did [the person] do/used to do in his/her principal job?

Write clearly and with full details the job or occupation that the person states as his/her principal job.

If the person states that s/he has more than one job, write down the one that the person spends more time at each week. If the person has two jobs at which s/he works the same number of hours, write down the job that provides more income. If the hours and income are the same, write down the one the person considers most important.

Don't confuse the person's profession with the job or occupation s/he currently holds. For example:
A) If a certified accountant states that s/he works as a primary school teacher, write "Primary school teacher" and not "Certified accountant" as the occupation.
B) If an auto mechanic states that s/he is working as a driver, write "Taxi driver" or "Bus driver", as appropriate, and not "Auto mechanic".


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Nigeria 2008 — source variable NG2008A_0417 — Main occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Part B: Persons(s) present in household continued… (For persons age 10 years and above)
[Applies to questions 11-63]

16. Primary or main occupation _ _

See occupational codes on page 12
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

2.8 Occupation:
This refers to the type of work, trade or profession that a person does to earn a living.
For examples:

(a) Executive, Managers, Senior Officials including those who decide policies or plan, direct and coordinate the policies and activities of enterprises/establishments or their internal departments or sections.

(b) Professionals which require high level of professional knowledge and experience in the field of physical and life sciences or social
Pg. 10
sciences and humanities. E.g. Computer Programmer, Engineer, Doctor, Statistician, Teacher etc.

( c) Clerk are those whose main task require the knowledge and experience necessary to organize, store, compute and retrieve information e.g. Office Secretary, Library Clerk, Cashier, Telephone Operators etc.

(d) Elementary Occupations involve, mostly simple and routine task using hand-held tools and in some cases considerable physical strength. E.g. janitor, messenger, labourer, garbage collector etc.
Col. 16: Primary or Main occupation column:
Columns 16 -- 21 are to seek information about primary occupation of the respondent whose answer to column 11 was any of codes 1 -- 5. For those that answered codes 6 to 9, enter NA (Not Applicable).
Primary Occupation: The exact nature of job would determine the occupation of the person. Write clearly the job as coded at the back page of the questionnaire (page 12)

e.g. Accepted Reply: Supply Agent, Insurance agent , account clerk, administrative clerk, civil engineer, radio mechanic, driver, executive officer, nurse, etc. Vague Reply: agent, clerk, engineer, mechanic, civil servant, servant, etc.

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Nigeria 2009 — source variable NG2009A_0416 — Main occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

16. Primary or main occupation (annex I ISCO) _ _

See occupational codes on page 12
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

2.8 Occupation:
This refers to the type of work, trade or profession that a person does to earn a living.
For examples:

(a) Executive, Managers, Senior Officials including those who decide policies or plan, direct and coordinate the policies and activities of enterprises/establishments or their internal departments or sections.

(b) Professionals which require high level of professional knowledge and experience in the field of physical and life sciences or social
Pg. 10
sciences and humanities. E.g. Computer Programmer, Engineer, Doctor, Statistician, Teacher etc.

( c) Clerk are those whose main task require the knowledge and experience necessary to organize, store, compute and retrieve information e.g. Office Secretary, Library Clerk, Cashier, Telephone Operators etc.

(d) Elementary Occupations involve, mostly simple and routine task using hand-held tools and in some cases considerable physical strength. E.g. janitor, messenger, labourer, garbage collector etc.
Col. 16: Primary or Main occupation column:
Columns 16 -- 21 are to seek information about primary occupation of the respondent whose answer to column 11 was any of codes 1 -- 5. For those that answered codes 6 to 9, enter NA (Not Applicable).
Primary Occupation: The exact nature of job would determine the occupation of the person. Write clearly the job as coded at the back page of the questionnaire (page 12)

e.g. Accepted Reply: Supply Agent, Insurance agent , account clerk, administrative clerk, civil engineer, radio mechanic, driver, executive officer, nurse, etc. Vague Reply: agent, clerk, engineer, mechanic, civil servant, servant, etc.

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Nigeria 2010 — source variable NG2010A_0485 — Main occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section3: Labour
Ask these questions from individuals 5 years and above

Main/primary employment

13. What was your primary activity in your main job? (Main occupation in the last 7 days or most recent job)

Written description ____

Occup. Code to be coded after the interview ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 3: Labour

In this section, we collect information on the labor activities of men, women and children in the household. It is important not to confuse labor activities with a person's main activity. These are not the same things. A person's main activity may be to be a housewife or a student, but they may have other labor activities that should be recorded in this section. For example, a wife who has her own plots or her own small business should not be excluded from this section, even if she primarily works in domestic activities. Domestic activities are not included in this section of the questionnaire, but her other activities would be included, even though she may consider being a housewife her “job”. A child who is a student may consider themselves to be primarily a student without a job, but they may help their parents as unpaid family labor with their businesses or agricultural activities. For example, if a child works on his parent's farm or in their carpentry shop, the child's farming or carpentry activities should be included, even if the child does not receive payment directly for the work.

Respondent: This section concerns all household members aged 5 and above. You should confirm eligibility of the household members to respond to the questions. For children under 12, the parents or adult member of the household could answer on their behalf. Where some household members are absent, proceed with the interview for all those present but make the necessary arrangements to call back and continue the interview with absentee members after ascertaining the appropriate time that they would be available. If it is not possible to interview the person directly, a proxy response is possible.

Questions 12: Everybody who was not engaged in any economic activity in the last 7 days should say whether they have ever done any work for pay or profit or gain. The last time the work was done should be given and if no work has been done in the last 12 months, the interviewer should skip to q50. However, if no any work has ever been done, the interviewer should leave the space blank.

Some definitions and terminology used in the questionnaire include: -

Main occupation: This is the work to which most time is devoted when a respondent has more than one job. For instance, the main occupation for the past 7 days of a respondent who farms mostly and also goes fishing during the dry season is farming.

The last 12 months: This refers to the period of 12 consecutive months just before and including the interview day. During the interview, you should be specific. For example, if the interview takes place on August 10, 2010 then we refer to all the preceding months down to August 9, 2009.
Questions 13: Those who have ever worked in q7, the description of the primary activity in the main job should be given by the respondents. The interviewer should thereafter code the activities.

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Pakistan 1973 — source variable PK1973A_0415 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For those who answered yes in Col. 15


16. What kind of work did he/she do most of the last week?

[Question 16 was asked of persons who had a job last week, per question 15.]
(Write title of occupation, e.g. Motor Mechanic, Carpenter, Taxi Driver, Cultivator, etc.
____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


7.27 Question No.16
This question will be asked from those persons of the household who are working or had the job but did not work and from those respondents against whom code-1 has been entered in column 15.

The respondent may be asked that what type of work he had been doing last week. If he had work but he did not work last week then it will be enquired that what type of work he had but did not work.

If the respondent tells that more than one type of work is done and inform his actual [Pg. 53] profession, the work will be written on which most of time was spent. The answer to this question may acquire in such a way that his profession/job may be explained fully.

The doubtful and common answers may not be entered. Sometime a worker does not know about name of his job but he can explain that what type of work he is doing. The enumerator has to enter correct nature of job or profession. By writing generally some words (for work) or the name of instruments he is using in job. This goal can be achieved.

The ambiguous entries (e.g., employment, labour, driver, conductor, etc.) will not be entered. The following examples will explain how the entries should be made:

"Agent" Tell whether he is a premium agent, commission agent, customer agent or agent of advertisements.
"Engineer" Tell whether he is Civil engineer, Mining engineer, Electrical engineer, Chemical engineer, Mechanical engineer, Ship engineer, aeronautical engineer, etc.
"Clerk" It may be written whether he is stenographer, typist, cashier, bookkeeper, postman, calculating machine operator, electronic computer operator, train dispatcher, radio, telephone operator, correspondent clerk, insurance clerk, store room clerk, statistical clerk, travel agency clerk, library clerk, proof reader, card and tap punching machine operator, etc.
"Manager" It may be written whether he is a restaurant manager, hotel manager, cinema manager, wholesale manager, munshi of lawyer, retailer manager, farm manager, sales manager, and transport manager, etc.
"Salesman" Tell whether he is an insurance salesperson, advertising salesperson, wholesale salesperson, retailer salesperson, hawker, or newspaper seller, etc. and also ask whether the laborer of factory is related to spinner, dying worker, cigar /cigarette maker, electro platter or machine maker etc.
"Driver" Tell whether he is railway driver, tram driver, taxi driver, bus driver, tonga driver, sailor, driver of unmoved engine, crane operator, lifter, etc.
[Pg. 54]
"Mechanic" Tell whether he is motor truck driver or cycle motorcycle mechanic; textile mechanic; watch maker; or radio, television, telephone, and telegraph mechanic, etc.
"Laborer" Tell whether he is the laborer of train, seaport, sweeper or dry port.
"Inspector" Tell whether he is the inspector of health, excise, income tax, police, food or electricity, etc.



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Palestine 1997 — source variable PS1997A_0416 — Main occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For employed and unemployed persons who previously worked
[Questions 53 to 57]


53. Main occupation ____


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Palestine 2007 — source variable PS2007A_0418 — Main occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For employed individuals and unemployed ones where were employed in the past week (who answered 1 to 5 in question 73; put (-) for those who answered 6-12
[Questions 74-78 were asked of persons age 7 or older who have ever worked, as per question 73]


74. Main occupation (detailed type of employee work)

Profession ________
Code _ _ _



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Panama 1960 — source variable OCCISCO — Occupation, ISCO general

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Panama 1970 — source variable OCCISCO — Occupation, ISCO general

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Panama 1980 — source variable PA1980A_0446 — Occupation (3-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


17. What occupation, position, or type of work did you perform during the last week, or the last time you worked?
Example: auto mechanic, furniture-maker, doctor of dentistry. For one who has never worked, mark the box "new worker" and skip to question 25.

Occupation ________
[] New worker

_ _ _ _ [4-character blank for unspecified use appears here]


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


For persons 10 years old or older
(Apply to questions 14 to 25)

The questions that form this Section are meant to get information about the participation of the population 10 years old or older in the economic activities of this country.
The questions relating to the chapter are applied to the situation existing in the week immediately before the day of the Census (reference week). Reference week is defined below:
Definition of "Reference Week" or "Last Week": It is the complete calendar week, from Sunday to Saturday that, for census purposes goes from May 4, 1980 to May 10, 1980.
The answers obtained in question 13 are the basis for classifying the population of persons 10 years old or older as:
1. Economically active (employed and unemployed).
2. Not economically active (homemaker, student, disabled, retired, pensioner, rentier, others inactive).


[p. 80]

1. Economically active population
This group is understood to be the population of 10 years old or older who supply the workforce available for the production of goods and services of the country and is divided into Employed and Unemployed.

1.1 Employed Population: is understood to be persons who:

a) Have an occupation or job remunerated in money or in kind, during the reference week.
b) Have a private business or job on their own account. Example: The owner of a grocery store, the farmer, the lawyer who has his own practice, etc.
c) Works regularly in a business or company of a member of their family even when not drawing a wage or salary (Contributing family worker).
d) Sell tickets, newspapers, or any other article; make food to sell; wash cars; shine shoes; sew in their house for others; the kind of work, time worked or amount of money that they receive during the reference week does not matter.
e) Have a steady remunerated job but do not work during the reference week because of temporary circumstances: sickness or accident; vacation; work conflicts such as: bad weather; machine breakdowns, strike, on leave, etc.

1.2 Unemployed population: This group constitutes persons who do not have a remunerated occupation or job during reference week, but:

a) Have worked before and look for work (visits employment agencies or offices in search of work, consults friends about the availability of work, is relying on ads in newspapers, that is to say, makes the effort with the goal of finding employment).


[p. 81]

b) Are not looking for work because they have a job that will begin on a previously appointed date.
c) Look for their first job or that is "New Workers". The oldest age for a "New Worker" is 45.

2. Not economically active population
This group is understood to be the flowing persons:

2.1 Homemaker: The person who is dedicated only and exclusively to domestic tasks and chores in their own home and were not looking for work, nor were they retired, pensioned, living on investments, or attending school. In a dwelling there can be more than one homemaker.
2.2 Student: The person who is dedicated exclusively to studying.
2.3 Invalid: The person who is found to be physically or mentally impeded from working.
2.4 Retired: The person who has stopped working and is receiving retirement income.
2.5 Pensioned, rentier: The person who receives auxiliary or pensioned income (pensioned). Equally include in this group all the persons who without working receive money or investments from a business or company (rentier). Do not include persons who receive pension for food, divorce, etc.
2.6 Retired without benefits: Include in this group the persons who in some opportunity had a job but currently are separated from all type of economic activity without receiving retirement benefits or a pension.
2.7 Other condition: The person who without being classified in any of the groups above does not do any economic activity and remains idle.

When classifying the population, special care should be taken with the persons of the female sex who declare themselves to be "Homemaker" and those who declare themselves to be [p. 82] students. In the first case they sometimes also do remunerated jobs like: cleaning, ironing, sewing, styling hair, painting fingernails, making candy etc. in their own home or outside it but because they spend little time in these labors they forget to give this information.
On the other hand, some students after class or on weekends dedicate themselves to cleaning shoes, selling newspapers, washing cars etc. Equal care should be taken with the spouse or companion or the children of farm families, who regularly help with the agricultural labors but do not declare this job.
For reasons already explained, it is necessary that before classifying the population, the enumerator investigates more to find out if the parson did some work during the reference week. If is made known that the person worked during this period, even when it was part time, it should be classified as Employed, that corresponds to the population who is Economically Active.


Question 17 What occupation, position or type of work did you perform last week or the last time you worked?

Ask this question to the employed and unemployed persons who have worked before, that is to say to those who answered "yes" in any of the questions 14 or 15 and to those who were classified in any of the boxes 1, 2, 3 or 4 of question 16.
For the person who did not work during the reference week but had worked before and looked for employment, write down in the corresponding space, the occupation, employment or job that was done the last time employed.
For one who has never worked (new worker) and looking for a first job mark the box "New worker" and go to question 25.
The occupation should be written down in a precise form, using the specific designations and therefore not using vague and generic terms.
Examples:

Incorrect: Mechanic;
Correct: Auto Mechanic, Dental Technician, Heavy Machinery Mechanic

Incorrect: Agent;
Correct: Insurance Agent, Purchasing Agent

Incorrect: Office Worker;
Correct: Typist, Secretary, Accountant, File Clerk

Incorrect: Machine Operator;
Correct: Dredge Operator, Road Roller Operator

Incorrect: Manager
Correct: Radio station manager, Holster factory manager

[p. 85]

Incorrect: Doctor;
Correct: Physiatrist, Veterinarian, Radiologist, Dental Surgeon

Incorrect: Construction Worker;
Correct: Mason, Plumber, Water carrier, Road Roller Operator, Shoveller, Quarry worker

Incorrect: Agricultural Worker
Correct: Milker, Kitchen assistant (Water carrier), Coffee Harvester, Cane cutter, Poultry farmer, Stable hand, Cowhand, Fighting cock caregiver

Nevertheless, persons with a professional specialization can do another job of a nature different than the specialization. In these cases if they have worked two jobs during the reference week write down as principal occupation that which produces the largest income for the person.
For employees of the National or Municipal Government that are responsible for legislative, executive, administrative and managerial functions, write the title for which they have been elected or appointed. Example: Governor, Mayor, Minister of State, Head of Department, Head of Section, Treasurer, Port Inspector, General Comptroller, Education Inspector, Director of Primary School, Captain of the National Guard, etc.
For other of the Government employees, get when it is possible the specific occupation Example: Architect, Engineer, Agronomist, Pharmacist, [p. 86] Veterinarian, Zoologist, Surgeon, Dentist, Nurse, Midwife, School Teacher, Lawyer, Municipal Judge, Shorthand Clerk, Auditor, Agent of the National Guard, Circuit District Attorney, Municipal Representative, etc.
For the employees of the Government whose specific occupation is difficult to determine, write: Public Employee.


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Panama 1990 — source variable OCCISCO — Occupation, ISCO general

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Panama 2000 — source variable PA2000A_0435 — Occupation recoded
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For individuals 10 years of age and older

[Questions 14-23 were asked of persons aged 10 and older.]


18. What occupation, position or job did you do week or the last time you worked?

(If the person never worked, mark the circle "never worked.")

________ (specify the occupation)
_ _ _ _

[] 9998 Never worked (Skip to question 23)


19. Where do you work or where did you work the last?
(If the person worked in an establishment, company or institution, write the corresponding name; in the case of one who worked in the street, in the home, or in another family's home, on an agricultural plantation, etc, write what the person states.)
________


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


The objective of this section is to get information about the participation of the population 10 years old or older in economic activities of the country.
The information refers to the week before the Census. This week is defined as the reference week and is understood to be from Sunday to Saturday.
It is recommended that each member of the home respond for themselves. If this is not possible, the head or responsible adult could respond for the youngest, but it is preferable to insist that the adult members, especially if they are working, respond for themselves.

[p. 86]

Principal activity of the person:
The responses obtained in questions 14 to 17 are the basis for classifying the population of 10 years old or older in:
1. Economically Active Population: is understood to be the population 10 years old or older who supplies the available work force for the production of economic goods and services in the country, during the reference week. This population is classified as employed or unemployed.

a) Employed population: covers persons 10 years old or older who during the reference week:
- Have an occupation or job remunerated in money or in kind.
- Have their own business or they work on their own account.
- Work regularly in a business or company of a member of their family even when not drawing a wage or salary ([Contributing] family worker). In this case a [contributing] family worker should have as a minimum 15 hours worked to be considered as such.
- Persons absent from their job temporarily because of sickness or accident, holidays or vacations, strikes, on leave from school or military service, on maternity leave.
- Did not work, but do occasional jobs.

b) Unemployed population: This group is understood to be persons 10 years old or older who during the reference week:
Do not have an occupation or job and are looking for employment.
Looked for work before and waits for news, that is to say, one who has adopted means of looking for remunerated employment or an independent job.

2. Not economically active population: is understood to be retirees or pensioners, students, workers at home or homemakers, rentiers and other conditions.


Question No. 18: What occupation, position or job did you do last week or the last time you worked?

For a person who works you should ask what occupation, trade or job was done last week; if the person has more than one job, write down the occupation of the principal job. Consider as the principal job as the one which produces the largest income.
For a person who answers that they did not work, you should ask what occupation, trade or job they did the last time they worked. Write down in the designed space the principal occupation, the employment or job that they did the last time they worked. If an unemployed person never has worked, but rather is looking for their first employment, mark the corresponding circle and go to question 23. The highest age for these persons is 29 if male and 45 if female, investigate the cause and make the respective observations.
Write down in this question the specific occupation that is done in the job of the enumerated person, avoiding vague or generic terms. Example:

[Below the text is a chart with 2 columns, one called "information" and one called "you should right down".]

Information
Office worker

You should write down
Internal Messenger
Hotel Receptionist
Bank Teller
Executive Secretary

Information
Driver

You should write down
Of a truck
Of a taxi
Of a bus
Of a mule

Information
Mechanic

You should write down
Of cars
Bicycle Assembler
Of diesel engines
Of sewing machines
Of typewriters

Information
Seller

You should write down
Of newspapers
Of lottery, Chances, etc
In clothes department stores,
In a pharmacy

Information
Doctor

You should write down
Psychiatrist
Children's Dental Surgeon
Dermatologist
Pediatrician

Information
Construction Worker

You should write down
Mason Helper
Mosaiquero [construction worker specialized in setting up tile]
Shoveller

Information
Secretary

You should write down
Accountant
Executive

Information
Cutter (Machetero)

You should write down
Gardener: in family house, parks, etc.
In the street: cleaner of patches of land
In their country: farmer



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Panama 2010 — source variable PA2010A_0438 — Occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 17 to 27 were asked to individuals 10 years old and older]


23. What occupation, job, or work did you do last week or the last time that you worked? If you have more than one job, note the occupation of your primary job. Consider the primary job to be the one that generates the greatest income.

Primary occupation ____
[] 9998 Never worked - Continue with question 28.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 17 to 27 were asked to individuals 10 years old and older]


Question No.23. What occupation, position or job did you do last week or the last time you worked?

For a person who works you should ask what occupation, trade or job was done last week; if the person has more than one job, write down the occupation of the principal job. Consider as the principal job as the one which produces the largest income.

Occupation: the profession, trade or type of work in practice or having been practiced by a person who worked in the reference week.

For the unemployed who worked before, you will investigate the last occupation or type of work they practiced.
When asking this question please note that: if she is an employee, you should ask it in the following way: "What occupation, trade or job did you do last week? And if she is an unemployed, you should ask the question in this way: "What occupation, trade or labor did you do the last time you worked?"

If the person said she has never worked, mark the corresponding circle and go to question 28. The upper age limit for those who "never worked" is 29 years if male and 45 years if female; investigate the cause and make the respective observations.
Write down in this question the specific occupation that is or was done in the job of the enumerated person, avoiding vague or generic terms. Example:

[Below the text there is a sample image of the form.]

Note: Do not include activities like voluntary work, such as adult literacy led by MIDES, participation in presidential elections (judges), participation in the census, etc.

[p. 181]

Examples of most common occupations

[There is a chart with 4 columns, two called "Data" and two called "You should write down".]

Data
Office worker

You should write down
Internal Messenger
Hotel Receptionist
Bank Teller
Executive Secretary

Data
Driver

You should write down
Of a truck
Of a taxi
Of a bus
Of an ambulance

Data
Mechanic

You should write down
Of cars
Of diesel engines
Of sewing machines
Of typewriters

Data
Seller

You should write down
Of newspapers
Of lottery, "chances", etc.
In clothes department stores

Data
Professor

You should write down
Of mathematics (at secondary school level)
Of primary school
Of engineering (at university level)

Data
Doctor

You should write down
Psychiatrist
Dentist
Dermatologist
Pediatrician

Data
Construction Worker

You should write down
Mason Helper
Mosaiquero [construction worker specialized in setting up tiles]
Shoveler

Data
Secretary

You should write down
Accountant
Executive
Executive and bilingual

Data
Cutter (machetero)

You should write down
Gardener: family home, parks, etc.
In the street: cleaner of lots or patios.
In her land [monte in Spanish]: farmer

Data
Chief

You should write down
Of audit
Of credits
Of deposits
Of statistics
Of human resources
Of sales
Of transport



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Papua New Guinea 1980 — source variable PG1980A_0428 — Occupation, 2 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 20-22 were asked of persons who answered 01-04 on Question 19.]

20. What kind of work do you do?

Describe in a few words, e.g. shop assistant, taxi driver, coffee grower, wood carver, ship builder, fishing.________
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 6 - The census questions

Urban RNVs and rural villages

Questions 20 to 22
Questions 20 to 22 are only for people who are involved in money raising activities. That is they are either usually wage earners (codes 01 or 02) involved in a business (code 03) or get money from farming or fishing (code 04). Simply you do not have to ask these questions to anyone with codes OS to 10.
All three of these questions must relate to the same particular job or business for that person.

Question 20

What kind of work do you do?

In this question you will describe the person's occupation (what he did) during last week. If a person worked at more than one job you describe the one at which he worked the most hours.
Notice the examples given below-- "shop assistant"; "farm helper"; "loads gravel into trucks"; "farm laborer".

[Figure omitted]

As you see, these are specific descriptions and that is, the kind of description you must give. The best short description you must give. The best short description is usually the title of the job, such as "receiving clerk". Remember, however, that one-word descriptions are rarely adequate. For example, the word "clerk" alone is inadequate as there are many kinds of clerks - coding clerks file clerks, stock clerks, bank clerks receiving clerks, etc., but by specifying "receiving clerk" as in the example, the kind of occupation is clearly described.
''Laborer" alone is another example of a not specific description. But "farm laborer" or "road laborer" are specific and clear descriptions.
Important reminders for Q20 are:

- It is very important that you give a good description of the type of work. In most cases you should use at least two words to describe the work.
- Many one word answers are too general. Examples of bad answers are clerk, mechanic, laborer, manager, and farmer. These need more description. Examples of good answers are bank clerk, insurance clerk, car mechanic, factory mechanic, road laborer, coffee laborer trade store manager, plantation manager, coffee farmer, cocoa farmer.
- If a person says he is a clerk or mechanic or laborer ask more questions to find out exactly what type of clerk or mechanic or laborer he is.
- Watch out for trainee or apprentice workers. In such cases you should write apprentice auto-electrician; trainee teacher; or plumber trainee.
- The answer 'Subsistence Farmer' is not okay for Q20.

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Papua New Guinea 1990 — source variable PG1990A_0426 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Urban Census form

If code 01, 02, 03, or 04 is circled in Question 17, ask question 18 and 19. Otherwise, skip to question 20 for females only.
[Questions 18-19 were asked of persons who worked in the last 7 days, per question 17.]

18. Kind of Work (Occupation)

Describe the principal activity - e.g. shop attendant, nurse, taxi driver, coffee crower, crocodile hunter, etc.

Occupation _ _

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Papua New Guinea 2000 — source variable PG2000A_0426 — Occupation (4-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Continue only for persons aged 10 years or more
[Questions 13-19 were asked of persons age 10+.]

16(a). What kind of work did the respondent do in the last seven days?

Describe kind of work or occupation, e.g. plumber, street seller, farmer, car mechanic.

Work ____

16(b). What are the main tasks/duties done in that work?

Describe kind of tasks or duties done in the work stated in Q.16 (a). e.g. mending tap, selling bettlenut, weeding garden, fixing engine.

_ _ _ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic questions

The economic questions are an important part of the census form. The economic questions for each person over 10 years are in Question 15 to 19.
The census provides the chance for us to find out what kind of work people do. Work that earns some income or helps to support the family, such as growing food, is called "economic activity". Some people are not economically active. On the information collected, community needs can be identified. Better plans can be in place.

Question 16: Occupation
A person's occupation is what the person does for their economic activity. It is the kind of work they do.
There are two parts to this question. Q16 (a) is for the name or description of the occupation and Q16 (b) says what duties the person actually does. It is important to fill out both parts of the question.

Q16 (a). What kind of work did the person do in last 7 days ____
.

(Describe the kind of activity, work e.g., plumber, street seller, kaukau farmer, car mechanic)

Q16 (b). What was the main task/duties done in that work? ____

(Describe the kind of tasks or duties Done in the work stated in Q16 (a), e.g. Mending taps, selling betel nut, weeding garden, fixing car engines).

Who to ask: Ask the head of the household or the person responding.

Get this information for: All persons 10 years and older who said they were economically active in the past 7 days, i.e. Code 1 to 6 in Q15.

How to ask: "What kind of work did you(he/she) do in the last 7 days?"
Write the answer to this question and then follow up with Q16 (b).
"What is the main task/duty you (he/she) do in that work?"

[P. 97]

How to record: Give a brief answer for both parts. At least two words are neccesary to give a job description.

-Do not write in the code boxes for this question.
-Be specific, describe job and task or duty clearly. For example, do not just write "clerk" but give details of the type of clerk and type of work, as follows:
Q16a: (job) bank clerk, Q16b: (task) deposits and withdrawals.
Q16a: (job) payroll clerk, Q16b: (task) preparing wages.
Q16a: (job) accounts teller, Q16b: (task) bookkeeping.
For our purposes, task means main duty.
-It is very important to record different levels of skill. A Dentist is very different from a Dental Technician and a Mechanical Engineer from an Engineering Technician.
-Most of rural people are engaged in agricultural activities and these are easy to record. For subsistence farmers, simply record as "subsistence farmer". For cash farming, record the name of the main crops or livestock in part (a). In part (b), give main activity in the seven days, e.g. weeding crops, repairing fences, planting, clearing ground, harvesting or some similar jobs.
-It does not matter whether a person is experienced or inexperienced, if they are doing the same work. Apprentices, trainees, and foremen are coded the same if they do the same work.
-For Government Departments or other large organizations, try to give the person's job title or Grade/Classification for Q16a, e.g. Senior Statistician, Police Superintendent, or Inspector. In Q16(b), briefly describe their duties.
-A person is only classified as a manager if they supervise at least one person. A person running his own trade with no full-time help should be recorded in Q16a as a shop assistant and not a manager. His actual duties (tasks) e.g. serving customers, in Q16b, would make clear he is not a manager.
-If the person being interviewed is on leave, record his regular job when he is at work.

Note: In Q16a, the description should usually be two words. In Q16b, give duties or tasks briefly to help give an accurate code.


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Paraguay 1962 — source variable PY1962A_0430 — Occupation (1-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Occupational (economic) characteristics

For persons 12 years of age and older


16. Occupation: ____

Only for those who are employed, unemployed or looking for work for the first time. If an employed person has more than one occupation, write the one which produces the most income. For the unemployed, write the most recent occupation. For one looking for work for the first time, write the profession or position if there is one, or else write "none." Examples of occupation: lawyer, carpenter, bricklayer, paymaster, tractor driver, etc.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Item XVI: Occupation

193 - Specifically annotate the profession, office, or class of work that they carry out on the census day, but only for the persons classified in the preceding item (item 15) under one of the three groups: "employed," "unemployed," and "seeking work for the first time."

[pg. 26]

194 - Avoid vague designations, such as: laborer, operator, office worker, vendor, etc.; employ, rather, designation that give the most complete idea possible of the person's occupation, for example: agronomical engineer, movie operator, fruit vendor, travel agent, shoemaker's apprentice, etc.

195 - There are some occupations of laborers, artisans, and professionals for whom their simple denominations precisely define their occupations, such as: carpenters, masons, plumber, medic, lawyer, etc.

196 - On the other hand, certain occupations in the commercial field require specification, such as sales agent, etc. Similarly, in the case of the office workers, clarify if they are typist, cashier, treasurer, bookkeeper, archivist, etc.

197 - In the case of professionals, such as medics, lawyer, engineers, etc., this is the type of occupation that, in general, should be registered. Cases do exist, however, in which such persons do not carry out the given professions, dedicating themselves to other activities. For example, a lawyer who works exclusively in the management of a Bank; a medic who dedicates him or her self exclusively to teaching in a university. In these cases, the last activity mentioned will be annotated, such as: bank manager, or university professor, and the like, depending on the case.

198 - For the government employees, annotate, in like manner, their specific occupations in accordance with the examples given in the preceding cases, avoiding the designation of "public employee." If the person is a member of the "armed forces" (not including police), no matter what their class or position, they should be annotated as "military personnel."

199 - With respect to the domestic servants, it should be specified whether or not this is a case of, for example, cook, clothes-washer, babysitter, cleaner, etc. In the same way, in the case of those who work in agricultural fields, the term "farmer" should be reserved for those who direct a farm of which they are the owners, or "foreman" or "administrator" when they are not owners of the farm which they direct. "Agriculturist" would be a person who directs the workings of a farm plot [chacra].

For those who work in specific activities (milkers, herdsman, animal trainers/breakers, tractor drivers, peons, etc.) annotate their specific occupation.

200 - In the case of "unemployed" persons, annotate the last employment they carried out.

201 - For the persons who are "seeking work for the first time," register the profession, office, or type of work which they are capable or have permission to do [clasificadas], and in a case where they are not capable nor have permission for any, simply register: "none." Having made the annotation of the occupation, according to the case, the census investigation is over for this group of persons. Therefore, draw a diagonal line over the area corresponding to the information pertaining to the following Items (Items 17 and 18).


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Paraguay 1972 — source variable PY1972A_0424 — Occupation (3 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic characteristics

Only for persons 12 years of age and older
[Questions 15 to 18 were asked of persons age 12 and older]

Ask the questions on lines 16 through 18 only if you marked boxes 1, 2 or 3.
[Questions 16 to 18 were asked of persons who have a job or who had it in the past]


16. What occupation, position, or profession did you hold during the last week (or in the last job you had)? ____

Examples: Driver, dressmaker, farmer, etc. If you had more than one occupation, write the one that provided the greatest income.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

IV. Information about the Population

C. Economic characteristics.


16. Occupation, job, or profession done by the person during the week of July 3rd to 8th, 1972

If the person did more than one occupation, you should note the one that produced the greatest income. If he/she was absent from his/her work during the past week (for vacations, illness, etc.), note which was his/her regular occupation. If he/she was looking for work, note the last occupation that he/she did.

When you make the notation, try to clearly specify the class of work or the nature of the occupation that the person has had.

The very general annotations are not satisfactory:

Incorrect / Correct

-Employee / Salesman, office worker, cashier, etc.
-Technician / Radio, television, football, technician, etc.
-Worker / Construction laborer, painter, plumber, milker, etc.
-Mechanic / Dental mechanic, automobile mechanic, aviation mechanic, etc.

16. What occupation, job, or profession did you do last week? (or the last time you had a job?) ____

(Example: Chauffeur, clothing designer, farmer, etc.)
If he/she had more one than one occupation, write the one that gave the greatest income.

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Paraguay 1982 — source variable PY1982A_0439 — Occupation, 3-digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

III. Economic characteristics

For those 12 years of age and older

Ask questions 18 through 20 only if you marked 1, 2 or 3 above.


18. What occupation, position, or profession did you hold during the last week (or in the last job you had)? ____

Examples: Driver, dressmaker, farmer, etc. If you had more than one occupation, write the one that provided the greatest income.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

III. For people 12 years old and older. Economic characteristics.


Question 18. What occupation, office, or profession did you do last week (or in the last job that you held)?

Write the name of the specific occupation, office, or profession that the informant declares to have executed in the last week or the last time they worked in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 18 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Do not forget that this question is only for those people who, in question 17, declared options 1, 2, or 3.

Following are given some examples that permit one to appreciate the correct way to write down the information:

Incorrect annotation:

Professional
Employee
[P. 51]
Merchant
Worker
Mechanic
Construction worker

Correct Annotation:
(Annotate, depending on the case)

Civil Engineer, dentist, pharmacist, lawyer, school teacher, etc.
Typist, secretary, personnel director, manager, administrator, etc.
Wholesaler, small-items seller, fruit vendor, etc.
Iron worker, welder, bread maker, restaurant chef, etc.
Automobile mechanic, typewriter mechanic, etc.
Mixer [hormigonero], tile setter [azulejista], floor installer [pisero], caster [encofrador], etc.

Enumerator:

a) If the informant has two or more occupations, write down the one that provides him with the greatest income. If they both provide him with the same income, write down the one which he spends more time doing. If he receives the same income and spends the same amount of time on both, write down the one that he considers the most important.

b) If, for example, the informant is a lawyer working as a school director, he should be annotated as being a school director.


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Paraguay 1992 — source variable PY1992A_0439 — Main occupation, 3 digits
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section IV. Population information

[Questions 15 through 17 were asked persons 10 years and over who worked, did not work but were employed or looking for work]


15. What is (or was) your principal occupation in your job? ____

Examples: Dressmaker, secretary, driver, shoemaker, salesman, farmer, bricklayer, electrician, doctor, etc. (If more the one occupation, write the one that produced the greater income.)


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 15: What is (or was) your principal occupation in your work?

In the corresponding space, write the specific occupation, job, or profession that the informant declares to have done in the last week or the last time that he/she worked.

15. What is (was) your principal occupation in your job? ____
Examples: model, secretary, chauffeur, shoemaker, salesclerk, farmer, construction laborer, electrician, doctor, etc. (If he/she has more than one occupation, write the one that gave the greatest income).


Below we offer some examples that will allow you to appreciate the correct form of making the annotations:

Incorrect annotation / Correct annotation

Construction laborer / Concrete layer, tile installer, floor installer, framer, etc.

Mechanic / Automobile mechanic, typewriter mechanic, etc.

Laborer / Blacksmith, welder, baker, restaurant cook, etc.

Vendor / Wholesale vendor, retail vendor, traveling fruit vendor, etc.

Employee / Short-hand taker, secretary, head of personnel, manager, administrator, etc.

[page] 31

Professional / Civil Engineer, Dentist, Pharmacist, Lawyer, elementary school professor, etc.

Remember:

If the informant has two or more occupations, you will write down the one that provides the greatest income. If both provide equal income, you will note the one to which the informant dedicates the most time. If he/she has equal income and dedicates the same amount of time, you will note the one that he considers the most important.

If, for example, the informant is by profession a lawyer and works and the director of a school, you will write down school director.

Question 16: In this work, you are (or were)?

16. In this work you are (or were)?

[] Employee
[] Worker or day laborer
[] Boss or employer
[] Self-employed or independent worker
[] Un-paid family member
[] Domestic employee

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Paraguay 2002 — source variable PY2002A_0463 — Occupation (1 digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Chapter G.

For individuals 10 years of age and older

23. Have you worked before?

[] 1 Yes - Skip to question 25
[] 6 No - Skip to chapter H

25. What is (or was) your principal occupation in your work? Specify the duties. ____ _ _ _ _

Examples: Farmer, horticulturalist, agricultural laborer, food sales, dressmaker, bricklayer, auto mechanic, trailer truck driver, street vendor with a basket, supermarket cashier, construction electrician, primary school teacher, printing machinist.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

G. Population information
For persons 10 years of age and older

Question 25: What is (or was) your principal occupation in your job? Specify the task.

You should write the occupation in detail. For example: auto mechanic. If the person has more than one occupation, the informant should define the principal occupation.

Leave the space at the bottom blank. It is for office use.

[p. 43]

Below you will find a list of some examples of occupations and the correct manner for writing them.

Incorrect annotation / Correct annotation

Builder / Reinforced concrete installer, tile installer, floor installer, plasterer, etc.

Mechanic / Automobile mechanic, clothes washing machine mechanic, chroming mechanic, dental mechanic.

Worker / Blacksmith, welder, baker, restaurant cook, etc.

Vendor / Sidewalk vendor of corn bread, fruits and vegetables, small items, etc.

Employee / Fingerprint specialist, secretary, head of personnel, general manager, computer operator.

Painter / House painter, automobile painter, bridge painter, picture painter

Professional / Civil engineer, Dentist, pharmacist, lawyer, professor of elementary education.

Technician / Electronics technician, electrical technician, telecommunications technician.

Driver / Collective transportation driver, automobile driver, tractor driver, etc.

Small jobs / Patio cleaner, gardener, moving assistant, etc.


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Peru 1993 — source variable PE1993A_0428 — Occupation (3 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For those 6 years of age and older
[Applies to question 12 - 17]


Questions 14 to 17 refer to last week, or to the last time employed.


14. What is the main occupation that you performed?

Examples: dentist, lawyer, agricultural laborer, food sales in the street, etc.


Specify____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For people 6 years of age and older
[Applies to question 12 - 17]


Questions 14 to 17 refer to last week, or to the last time employed.


Question no. 14: What is the main occupation that you performed?
Read the question. Wait for an answer and then record the specific name of the main occupation that the person performed last week or the last time that they worked.
[There is a picture of question 14 in this section of the Enumeration Form.]
Below are some examples that allow you to see the correct form for making the notations.
[p. 47]

Incorrect notation Correct notation
Professional Mining engineer, agricultural engineer, medical surgeon, dental surgeon, pharmacist, attorney, economist, psychologist, primary school teacher, secondary school teacher, public accountant, sociologist, etc.
Office worker Typist, secretary, office assistant, project manager, general director, personnel director, office manager, general manager, administrator, cashier, etc.
Business person Wholesale grocery dealer, retail grocery dealer, domestic appliances dealer, street vendor of clothing, street vendor of fruit, etc.
Manual laborer Baker, restaurant cook, welder, lathe operator, blacksmith, tractor operator, unskilled farm worker, shepherd, etc.
Domestic employee Cook, housekeeper, butler, nanny, etc.
Military Sergeant in the Peruvian National Police, colonel in the Peruvian Army, lieutenant commander, etc.

Keep the following in mind:

If the informant has two or more occupations, you will record the one that provides the greatest income. If they provide the same income, you will record the one that the informant devotes more time to. If they provide the same income and the informant devotes the same amount of time, you will record the one that the informant considers to be more important.
If the informant is an attorney, agricultural engineer, etc. by profession and works, for example, as a Director of personnel, you will record Director of personnel.


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Peru 2007 — source variable PE2007A_0441 — Main occupation last week (3 digits)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons aged six or older
[Applies to questions 13-19]


16. What was your main employment last week?

(Examples are: Secondary education teacher, lawyer, agricultural laborer, food sales in the street, etc.)

Specify ________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons aged six and older
[Applies to questions 13-19]


Question 16: What was your main employment last week?
Write the exact name of the person's principal employment last week.
If the respondent replies that he/she had more than one job, ask politely which one he/she considers his/her principal employment. He/she should specify.
[Next to the text is a graphic reproducing box 16 from the Census Form, correctly filled out in accordance with the instructions.]
Reminder
Write the person's principal employment last week, and not the profession or trade he/she studied or learned if that is not his/her job. If the respondent is a teacher, for example, but worked last week as a school principal, write "School principal."
Principal Employment. This is whatever the respondent considers it to be and refers to the work the person did last week to produce goods and services.
The following is a table showing examples of employment, and how to record them correctly [table]:

[Column headings:]
(A) Correct
(B) Incorrect

Correct: Primary education teacher, secondary education teacher, etc.
Incorrect: Teacher.
Correct: Wholesale clothing salesperson in a mall, retail salesperson in a market stall, electrical appliance salesperson, etc.
Incorrect: Wholesaler/retailer.
Correct: Baker, restaurant cook, taxi driver, welder, lathe operator, tractor operator, agricultural laborer, shepherd, cleaning person, etc.
Incorrect: Laborer.
Correct: Farmer, operator of an agricultural enterprise, livestock breeder, poultry breeder, dairy farm operator, etc.
Incorrect: Agricultural worker
Correct: Typist, secretary, office assistant, general manager, head of HR, office manager, general manager/CEO, manager, cashier, private security, security guard, etc.
Incorrect: Office staff.
Correct: All-purpose domestic help, cook, housekeeper, butler, nanny, etc.
Incorrect: Domestic servant
Correct: Colonel in the Peruvian army, commander in the marines, non-commissioned officer in the Peruvian National Police, captain in the Peruvian National Police, etc.
Incorrect: Soldier or police officer


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Philippines 1990 — source variable PH1990A_0423 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


10 Years Old and Older

[Questions P23-P31 apply to persons 10 years old and over]


P23. Usual Activity/Occupation

___ What was [respondent] 's usual activity/occupation during the past twelve months?

Describe occupation as fully as possible.
Examples: Palay Farmer, Filing Clerk, Fruit Vendor, Student, etc.
If housewife, student, or retiree, skip to P25.


P26. Occupation in Past Week

___ What was [respondent] 's activity/occupation during the past seven days?

Describe occupation as fully as possible.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


P26 Occupation in Past Week

Ask the question in P26, "What was ________'s activity/occupation during the past seven days?" for all persons 10 years old and over and whose entry in P25 is code 1.

Occupation refers to the type of work performed, and/or trade or profession being pursued by the person during the past seven days such as farm helper, fruit picker, truck driver, typist, beauty parlor operator, etc. If he is not at work but with a job, occupation refers to the kind of job he was doing or will be doing if merely waiting for a new job to begin within two weeks from the date of interview.

If a person has two or more jobs, consider the one where he works more hours as his occupation. If, however, he works in equal hours for the two jobs, consider the one where he derives more income.


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Philippines 2000 — source variable PH2000A_0422 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For Persons 10 Years Old and Over


P25. What was [respondent]'s usual activity/occupation during the past 12 months?
(Please see code book)
If housewife, student or retiree, skip to P29.

_ _ _ _


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

P25 Usual activity/occupation

Data on occupation are essential for analyzing the growth, composition and distribution of the work force. They provide information on socio-economic status of the population which is essential in planning the necessary training programs aimed at full and effective utilization of the country's human resources.

Ask the question in P25: "What was ______'s usual activity/occupation during the past twelve months?" for all persons 10 years old and over. Write in the space provided the type of activity/occupation of the person. This will be coded later using the Code Book.

Through this question we can determine whether a person is a gainful worker or is a non-gainful worker.

The term usual activity/occupation refers to the kind of job or business which a person was engaged in most of the time during the last twelve months preceding the interview. In other words, usual activity/occupation is the person's principal means of earning a living like a palay farmer, carpenter, retail merchant, elementary school teacher, telephone operator, etc. during the past twelve months.

For persons who did not work during the past 12 months, their usual activity/occupation relates to the non-gainful activities they usually do most of the year or to their status. They will be reported in either of the following:

1. Housekeeper, own home
2. Student
3. Pensioner (quite old to work and receiving monthly pension or annuity. Report under "Disabled" if disabled but still young).
4. Retired (quite old to work and not receiving monthly pension or annuity, including those retired from the government service or private employment who can still work but do not care to work anymore).
5. Disabled (suffering from permanent illness or permanent disability)
6. Dependent (other than above), etc.

For purposes of this census, a person is considered as gainful worker or usually working most of the time during the past 12 months if he works for at least 10 hours a week for 6 months (26 weeks) or longer, including vacation or sick leave, in one or more of these classes of work:

1. work for pay (wage, salary, commission, tips, etc.);
2. work for profit in own farm, business, private practice of a profession or trade, and;
3. work without pay on own family farm or business.

For persons whose activities varied during the preceding 12 months, report as his usual activity/occupation that which he was engaged in for more than six months. However, if none of these activities lasted for more than six months, report the one which had the longest duration.
For persons working at two permanent jobs, the job at which they work longer hours should be reported. If they spend the same number of hours on both jobs, report the job from which they earn greater income.

Take note of the following cases:

1. If a person worked most of the time during the past 12 months but actually devoted more time to studying or housekeeping most of the year, report the gainful occupation he did and not student or housekeeper.

2. If for several years a person had been a school teacher but on May 1,
2000 has already quit his teaching job and is operating a palay farm, his usual occupation is still an elementary school teacher.

3. During the census, a person may be working in a job other than his usual occupation. For instance, an elementary school teacher works during the long school vacation as a merchant or a palay farmer or fisherman works temporarily as a carpenter. In these cases, the report should be "Elementary school teacher", "palay farmer", or "fisherman", respectively, and not the temporary jobs they are presently doing.

Always describe the specific job or occupation performed by the person in the establishment, office, farm, etc., such as radio technician, records clerk, typist, stenographer, lawyer, farm manager, elementary school teacher, bill collector, carpenter, hospital attendant, etc.
Answers such as agent, engineer, mechanic, employee, etc., do not describe adequately the work performed. Ask the respondent additional questions like "Does this person work for a life insurance company, advertising agency, etc.?" or "What kind of engineer/mechanic is he?"
If the respondent gives a long description of the actual duties of work of the person, report the occupation that fits the description.

Avoid such ambiguous descriptions as owner, partner, businessman, etc. They do not adequately describe the occupation of the person. They simply indicate the proprietary relationship of the person to the business and some owners do not do any work in connection with their business.

If a person is the owner of an enterprise and he manages it or participates in its management, report "Manager" as his occupation. However, in such enterprises emerge in wholesale or retail trade, hotel, dormitory, restaurant, cafeteria or other lodging or eating place, said owner managing or participating in the management of the enterprise should be reported as "wholesale merchant", "retailer", or "working proprietor ". Note however, that a partner in a business who is paid by the partnership to manage the business should be reported as "manager" and not "working proprietor".


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Philippines 2010 — source variable PH2010A_0427 — Usual occupation (2-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Population Census Questions

For all 15 years old and over.
[Questions 20 to 23 were asked of persons 15 years and over]

P20. Usual occupation - During the past 12 months, what was [the respondent]'s usual activity/occupation?

Write detailed description on the space provided. If student, housekeeper, dependent, or other non-gainful activity, skip to P24.

Occupation____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns P20 to P23 for All Persons 15 Years Old and Over
Columns P20 to P23 are to be accomplished only for household members 15 years old and over. Thus, if a household member is less than 15 years old, leave these columns blank.

P20-Usual Occupation
Data on occupation are essential in analyzing the growth, composition, and distribution of the country's work force. They provide information on the socio-economic status of the population and are essential in planning the necessary training programs aimed at full and efficient utilization of the country's human resources.
Ask the question in column P20, "During the past 12 months, what was [the respondent]'s usual activity/occupation?" for all persons 15 years old and over.
Through this question, we can determine whether a person is a gainful or non gainful worker. Write in the space provided the type of activity/occupation of the household member. This will be coded later in the PO.
The term usual activity/occupation refers to the kind of job or business, which a person was engaged in most of the time during the last 12 months preceding the interview. In other words, usual activity/occupation is the person's principal means of earning a living such as real estate salesman, medical doctor, architect, rice farmer, elementary school teacher, police inspector, lawyer, call center representative, and others during the past 12 months.
For persons who did not work during the past 12 months, their usual activity/occupation relates to the non gainful activities they usually do most of the year or to their status.
Non gainful persons may be reported as any of the following:

[] Housekeeper, own home
[] Student
[] Pensioner (quite old to work and receiving monthly pension or annuity)
[] Retired (quite old to work and not receiving monthly pension or annuity, including those who retired from the government service or private employment, can still work but do not care to work anymore)
[] Persons with disability (persons suffering from permanent illness or disability)
[] Dependent (other than above), and others.

For purposes of this census, a person is considered a gainful worker or usually working most of the time during the past 12 months if he/she works for at least 10 hours a week for six months (26 weeks) or longer, including vacation or sick leave, in one or more of these classes of work:

[] 1. Work for pay (wage, salary, commission, tips, and others);
[] 2. Work for profit in own farm, business, or private practice of a profession or trade; and
[] 3. Work without pay on own family farm or business.

For persons whose activities varied during the preceding 12 months, report as his/her usual activity/occupation that which he/she was engaged in for more than six months. However, if none of these activities lasted for more than six months, report the one which had the longest duration.
Take note of the following cases:

[] 1. When reporting usual occupation, note that a gainful activity takes precedence over a nongainful one when a person is engaged in both types of activities at the same time. For example, a student works in a slaughterhouse as a helper every other day in the mornings and goes to school every day in the afternoons. Report his/her occupation as a slaughterhouse helper.
However, note that if the activities do not occur at the same time, such that there is a clear-cut period to separate the gainful from the nongainful one, report the activity which occurs more than six months.
[] 2. If for several years a person had been a school teacher but on May 1, 2010 he/she had already quit his/her teaching job and is operating a palay farm, his/her usual occupation is still an elementary school teacher. Again, the reference should be the past 12 months.
[] 3. During the census, a person may be working in a job other than his/her usual occupation. For instance, a palay farmer or fisherman works temporarily as a carpenter. In this case, the report should be "Palay farmer" or "Fisherman", and not the temporary job he/she is presently doing.

Always describe the specific job or occupation performed by the person in the establishment, office, and farm, among others, such as radio technician, records clerk, typist, stenographer, lawyer, farm manager, elementary school teacher, bill collector, carpenter, cigarette vendor, and hospital attendant, among others.
Answers such as agent, engineer, mechanic, employee, and others, do not describe adequately the work being performed. As such, ask the respondent additional questions like, "Does this person work for a life insurance company, advertising agency, and others?" or "What kind of engineer or mechanic is he/she?"
If the respondent gives a long description of the actual duties of work of the person, report the occupation that fits the description.

Avoid such ambiguous descriptions as owner, partner, businessman, and others. They do not adequately describe the occupation of the person. They simply indicate the proprietary relationship of the person to the business and some owners do not do any work in connection with their business.
If a person is the owner of an enterprise and he/she manages it or participates in its management, report "Manager" as his/her occupation. However, if such enterprise is engaged in wholesale and retail trade, hotel, dormitory, restaurant, cafeteria, or other lodging or eating places, said owner managing or participating in the management of the enterprise should be reported as "wholesale merchant", "retailer", or "working proprietor". Note however, that a partner in a business who is paid by the partnership to manage the business should be reported as "manager" and not "working proprietor".
Check for the consistency of the usual activity/occupation of a person with his/her highest grade/year completed. For instance, you need to probe further if the person's usual occupation is "civil engineer" or "lawyer" but the highest grade/year completed is only "high school graduate".
Jobs/Occupations which Need Special Care in Reporting
The following are examples of jobs or occupations, which need special care in reporting:

[Unacceptable entry: Acceptable entries and examples]
[] Agent: Insurance agent, real estate agent, among others. Note that a Philippine National Police (PNP) agent should be reported as "enlisted man" while "PNP Inspector" should be reported as "police detective" or "private detective".
[]Apprentice: An entry should include both the occupation and the word "apprentice". The correct entry should be apprentice plumber, apprentice printer, and others.
[]Assemblers: Specify the type of machinery or products being assembled, such as mechanical machinery assembler, electrical machinery assembler, wood and related materials product assembler, and others.
[] Attendant: Bar attendant, hospital attendant, and others
[] Businessman: Wholesale merchant, retailer, manager, and others
[] Clerk: Accounting clerk, filing clerk, records clerk, and others
[] Collector: Bill collector, garbage collector, collector, market collector, toll collector
[] Contractor: A contractor is engaged principally in obtaining building and/or other contracts and in supervising the work. He/she should be reported as "building contractor", "road contractor", and others.
[] Craftsman or skilled worker: Specify type of skill such as miner, quarry worker, bricklayer carpenter, roofer, plumber, pipe fitter, spray painter, metal molder, sheet metal worker, blacksmith, toolmaker, metal worker, metal grinder, metal polisher, motor vehicle mechanic and fitter, radio and television services, telephone installer, electrical line installer, glass engraver, printing engraver, basket weaver, wood treater, cabinet marker, and others.
[] Driver: Tricycle driver, taxi driver, jeep driver, heavy equipment driver, calesa driver, light van driver, bus driver, tram driver, heavy truck driver, heavy van driver, and others
[] Employee: Specify whether the employee is a statistician, receptionist, typist, and others.
[] Engineer: Civil engineer, mining engineer, marine engineer, and others
Factory worker: Weaver, knitter, sewer, tinsmith, and others
[] Farmer: Rice farmer, corn farmer, sugarcane farmer, coconut farmer
[] Farm worker: Skilled rice farm worker, skilled corn farm worker, and others; farm hand, farm laborer, and others
[] Fireman: Locomotive fireman, city fireman (for city fire department), fire fighter (as in airfields), and others
[] Fisherman: Fisherman in deep-sea, fish pen, fishpond, coastal, inland, and others; fishpond operator, prawn farm machinery operator, and others
[] Foreman: Foreman-carpenter, foreman-electrician, and others
Government official: Specify position such as mayor, congressman, senator, cabinet secretary, assistant cabinet secretary, commissioner, and justice; councilor, barangay chairperson, barangay treasurer, and others.
[] Helper: Store helper, bakery helper, and others
Inspector: Meat inspector, market inspector, and others
[] Manager: Board of Director, special company manager such as: production and operations manager, finance and administration manager, personnel and industrial relations
manager, sales and marketing manager, advertising and public relations manager, supply and distribution manager, computing services manager, research and development manager, small firm manager, and others
[] Mechanic: Auto mechanic, airplane mechanic, radio mechanic, and others. Do not confuse mechanic with machinist who is a skilled craftsman and who constructs and repairs all kinds of metal parts, tools, and machines through the use of blueprints, machine and hand tools, and precision measuring instruments.
[] Midwife: Differentiate "licensed midwife" from "practical midwife", "hilot", and others
[] Nurse: Registered nurse, practical nurse, nurse's aide, and others
[] Operator: Bulldozer operator, elevator operator, telephone operator, mining plant operator, mineral ore and stone treating operator, well driller and borer, ore smelting operator, metal melter, caster and rolling-mill operator, metal heat-treating plant operator, metal drawer and extruder, glass and ceramics kiln operator, paper-making plant operator, chemical processing plant operator, power-generating plant operator, steam turbine operator, automated assembly-line operator, machine tool operator, chemical products machine operator, rubber and plastic products machine operator, wood products machine operator, printing machine operator, binding machine operator, paper and paperboard products machine operator, spinning and winding machine operator, weaving and knitting machine operator, sewing and embroidering machine operator, textile bleaching, dyeing and cleaning machine operator, meat and fish processing machine operator, dairy products machine operator, grain and spice milling machine operator, fruit, vegetable and nut processing operator, sugar processing and refining machine operator, tea, coffee, cocoa and chocolate preparing and producing machine operator, tobacco products processing machine operator, brewer and wine and other beverage machine operator, and others
[] Police: Police officer, detective, patrolman, traffic police, and others. Note that in municipalities with small police force, an entry of policeman may be sufficient or acceptable.
[] Secretary: The title "secretary" should be used for persons doing secretarial work in an office. The secretary who is an elected or appointed officer of a corporation, firm or other organization should be reported as "executive secretary".
Supervisor: Principal, superintendent, sales supervisor, teacher- supervisor, transport supervisor, housekeeping supervisor, farm overseer, and others
[] Teacher: Elementary school teacher, high school teacher, professor, instructor, substitute teacher or teaching assistant (elementary, high school or college), private tutor, university instructor, vocational-technical skill instructor, specialized trainer such as sales trainer, management trainer, instructor-trainer, and others
[] Technician: Civil engineering technician, quantity surveyor, surveyor's technician, mining technician, electrical engineering technician, electronics engineering technician, telecommunications technician, mechanical engineering technician, aeronautical engineering technician, automotive engineering technician, chemical engineering technician, metallurgical technician, mining engineering technician, production engineering technician, draftsman technician, and others. Note that an engineering graduate or a licensed engineer is an engineer by qualification but may be hired as a technician and performing technician jobs. Report him/her as a technician and specify his/her field
[] Unskilled laborer: Whenever possible, specify the unskilled laborer as "street sweeper", "janitor", "stevedore", and others

Important Notice: Pay special attention to the preceding instructions because ambiguous reporting of the usual occupation or activity will result to inappropriate or wrong codes and consequently, affect the data on the economic characteristics of the population
Skip to P24 if the member is reported to have a nongainful activity during the past 12 months.


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Poland 2002 — source variable PL2002A_0449 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

20. Were you employed during the reference week as (concerns the week from May 13th to 19th):
[] 1 Full-time paid-employee
[] 2 Part-time paid-employee
[] 3 Employer
[] 4 Own-account worker (without employees)
[] 5 Agent (in all kind of agencies)
[] 6 Members of agricultural production co-operative
[] 7 Contributing family worker
[] 8 Clergyman/woman
21. What is your occupation?
Please specify name of the performed occupation or position or describe main performed activities: ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 20. Were you employed during the reference week (13th to 19th May 2002) as... [p. 39]

Answer 1 or 2 concerns employees. They are:
Persons employed on the basis of a job contract (also if the payment is in kind)

Persons working on commission or employed on the basis of order agreement,

Persons doing the home employment,

Students who are being trained for the profession if they receive an income.
Full-time paid-employee (answer 1)-- a person who works full-time, but the number of hours worked a week depends on the regulations concerning a profession

Full-time paid-employees are also workers who work shorter than the typical number of hours due to special legal regulations (e.g. concerning work in a toxic surrounding) or persons serving in the army on a compulsory basis.
Page 12
If a work was done on the basis of order agreement, commission or was home employment a person working full time is a person who worked at least 36 hours in a reference week (13th to 19th May 2002).

A person helping in a family business or working in a family farm can also be classified as an employee.

Answer 3. employer means a person running his/her own business either in agriculture or not, registered or not who employs workers on the basis of permanent job contract.

If a married couple or relatives run the business together only one of the persons can be classified as an employer, the others should be classified as own-account workers. (not employing people) or contributing family workers.

Answer 5. agent (in all kinds of agencies) concerns persons who work on the basis of agency contract/agreement or who run an outpost on the basis of order agreement. The persons employed by an agent are classified as employees regardless the legal form of their job contract.

Answer 7. contributing family worker concerns persons who live in the same household and help in family business (also in agriculture) without being paid.

Question 21. What is your occupation? [p. 39-40]

1. Answering the question no general answer should be given and the occupation should not be mistaken with the profession learnt. An enumerator should ask the respondent about the position he/she is holding, main performed activities and should not be satisfied with the general answer such as: manager, physical worker, office worker, technician etc. following abbreviations can be used: spec. (specialist), inż. (engineer), ds. (dealing with).

2. A special attention should be given to the following cases:
As far as the managers are concerned, the field of activities of a unit managed by the respondent should be given, e.g. president of the company, deputy financial director, manager of the financial department, HR manager,

As far as other than managerial positions are concerned, the field of work should be specified for example by listing the main activities performed e.g. recruitment executive , financial executive, biology teacher, lift operator,

In case of the owner of small private works and managers of merchant or service works belonging to public sector the manager should be described as „manager of the works if the only duty of the person is to manage and supervise the workers or an occupation really performed should be listed if the person most of the time performs the work other than supervision,

In case of professional soldiers, the answer „soldier should be given but in case of people serving in the army on compulsory basis the answer compulsory military service should be noted down,

Policeman, customs officer, fireman, prison worker, should be indicated as „state agent, a person working in UOP (Office for State Protection) as „public servant. In case of workers of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration, UOP, police the occupation should be indicated according to general rules,

For priest and other clerical persons the answer „cleric should be listed, page 13

When enumerating farmers, a kind of agricultural activity should be checked and the fact if the work in an agricultural farm done by the respondent is connected to the profile of the agricultural farm. So the occupations regarding farmers should be for example fodder crops farmer, fruiter, cattle breeder, chicken breeder,

In case of farmers being crops farmer and breeding animals at the same time the answer „mixed farming should be given.

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Portugal 1981 — source variable PT1981A_0423 — Main occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 5-27 were asked of residents of the housing unit, per question 4]


[Questions 17-27 were asked of persons age 12+]


23. Main occupation: ________

Indicate your main profession. If you are unemployed looking for a new job or doing compulsory military service, please indicate the last profession you had.

Be precise. For example: civil construction painter, primary school teacher, third rank officer at the Ministry of Labor, agricultural employee, etc.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Important: Individuals not residing in the dwelling where they spend 16 March 1981, at 00:00 hours, end the filling-in of the questionnaire here.
[Questions 5-27 were asked of residents of the housing unit, per question 4]


Note: Individuals younger than 12 years old end the filling-in of the questionnaire after question 16.
Only individuals 12 years of age or older answer the next questions.
[Questions 17-27 were asked of persons age 12+]


Question 23 - Main occupation

Main occupation - When the enumerated has more than one occupation, he must indicate the one where he spent more time.

Unemployed persons looking for a new job and individuals doing the compulsory military service must indicate the last occupation they had before their current situation.

Moreover, persons looking for a new job and individuals doing the compulsory military service that did not work before this situation do not answer this question.

How to report the occupation: Each profession (task, work), must be identified by a determined title or professional designation that must be correctly written on the space destined for the answer to this question.

Important: The enumerated who answers this question must answer questions 24 and 25.


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Portugal 1991 — source variable PT1991A_0437 — Main occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 4-28 were asked only of residents present at the time of the census.]


[Questions 18-28 were asked of individuals of age 12+]


[Questions 21-24 were asked of individuals who currently have a job (answers 1 and 2 in question 19) and to those not having a job at the moment, but express the desire to work (answers 1 to 8 from question 20.2)]


21. What is your main occupation? ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Note: For individuals that reside elsewhere different from where they are staying at 0:00 o'clock of April 15, 1991, end the filling-in of the questionnaire here.
[Applies to questions 4-28]


Note: Individuals younger than 12 years old end the filling-in of the questionnaire after question 17.
[Applies to questions 18-28]


Attention: Questions 21 to 24 are only for individuals who currently have a job (answers 1 and 2 in question 19) and to those not having a job at the moment express the desire to work (answers 1 to 8 from question 20.2).


Question 21: What is your main occupation

The individuals must indicate the situation they had in the week of 7-13 of April 1991.

As for the main occupation, we understand the type or modality of work the individual spent most time in during the reference week.

If the individual was unemployed on the week of reference, indicate the last occupation he had.

If during the reference week the individual had performed a different activity from his usual one (by being on vacation for example) he/she must indicate the usual occupation.

Be precise. For example, instead of engineer, textile employer and teacher, be precise and write: civil engineer, textile fiber preparatory worker, primary education teacher, etc. instead of generic designations like engineer, teacher, office worker, etc.

The occupation is a complex notion; it contains three dimensions to be considered: the individual's specialization, the working sector in which he works and the professional function/category he has on the job.


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Portugal 2001 — source variable PT2001A_0438 — Main occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 10-24 were asked of persons born before December 31, 1999, who consider this living quarter their usual place of residence, according to questions 3 and 9]


[Questions 17 to 23 were asked of persons age 15+ who ever attended school at a level higher then pre-primary, and consider this living quarter their usual place of residence, according to questions 3 and 13]


23. Please answer the questions 23.1 to 23.6 if you are employed or looking for a new job. If it is not the case, go to 24.
[Questions 23.1-23.6 were asked of persons age 15+ who are employed or looking for a new job, ever attended school at a level higher then pre-primary, and consider this living quarter their usual place of residence, according to questions 3, 13, and 19]

23.1. What is your main occupation? ____

Be precise, for example, instead of engineer, textile employer, teacher, be precise and write: civil engineer, textile fiber preparatory worker, primary education teacher, etc.
Question 23.1 - What is your main occupation?
Be clear and precise when stating your occupation (avoid using "of the", "of," "and").
Examples: House painter, basic education teacher 1st degree, agricultural machine driver, mechanic, paper pulp preparer, civil engineer, refrigeration air conditioning technician, etc..
1. If you are engaged in more than one occupation, indicate the one which took up most of your time during the reference week.
2. If during the said week, you performed an activity different from the one in which you are usually engaged (you were on holiday, etc.), indicate your usual occupation.
3. If you were unemployed during the reference week, indicate the last occupation you held.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 23.1 - What is your main occupation?
As for main occupation we understand the type or modality of work developed by the individual during the reference week.

Be precise, for example, instead of engineer, textile employer and teacher, be precise and write: civil engineer, textile fiber preparatory worker, primary education teacher, etc. instead of generic designations like engineer, teacher, office worker, etc.

The occupation is a complex notion; it contains three dimensions to be considered: the individual is specialization, the working sector in which he works and the professional function/category he has on the job.

If the individual has more than one profession indicates the one where he spent most time during the reference week.

If during that reference week the individual had a very different occupation than from usual (by being on vacation for example) he must indicate the usual occupation.

If the individual was unemployed on the week of reference indicates the last occupation he had.

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Portugal 2011 — source variable PT2011A_0425 — Main occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Individual questionnaire

Answer the questions 29 to 35 if you are employed, if you are unemployed and have already worked (use as reference the last occupation held. If you are not in one of the previous situations, go to question 36.

29. What is your main occupation?

If you are engaged in more than one occupation, indicate the one which took up most of your time during the week of 14 - 20 March, or if the same amount of time was spent, indicate the one which generated more income.
Be clear and precise (avoid using "of the", "of", "and")
For example: instead of manager, teacher, textile employee or civil construction worker, be more precise and indicate shop manager, secondary education teacher, sewing-machine operator or brick-layer.
____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

7.2.4. Individual

Questions 29-35 must be answer with reference to the same job

Question 29- What is your main occupation?

[There is an image of question 29]

Occupation is the profession or type of work, paid or not, that corresponds to a particular title or professional degree, constituted by a group of tasks that make up the work toward the same goal and that require similar knowledge.

An occupation is a complex notion, in which you should consider the function or professional category inherent in the tasks that are performed in the respective occupation.

An occupation should be indicated in a clear and precise manner.

Examples: Painter, First grade teacher, an agricultural machine operator, paper maker, HVAC technician, etc.

Many times after obtaining an answer there remains a difficulty to clearly identify and classify (codify) the occupation. Sometimes the title used for the occupation can refer merely to the sector of activity or a professional task.

For example:

Public Servant- could include administrative assistant, technical director, janitor, etc.

Construction Worker- could be a carpenter, painter, bricklayer, scaffolding operator, mason, etc.

Textile Worker- could be a textile dyer, weaver, sewing machine operator, bobbin worker, etc.

If the person prefers more than one occupation you must indicate the one that took up most of his/her time during the census week, or if the same amount of time was spent indicate the one that generated more income.

If during this week the person performed an activity that was very different from his/her regular job (due to vacation, etc.), you must indicate his/her regular job.

If the person was unemployed and looking for work during the reference week you should respond according to the last occupation that the person had.


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Puerto Rico 1970 — source variable PR1970A_0430 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

30-32. Show in questions 30-32 this person's job or business during the last week. If he had no job or business last week, give information for most recent job or business since 1960.


31a. What kind of work was he doing?

_____

(For example: TV repairman, seamstress, civil engineer, farm operator, junior high school English teacher, etc.)


b. What were his most important activities or duties?

_____
(For example: Types, keeps account books, filing, sells cars, janitor, bricklayer, etc.)


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Puerto Rico 1980 — source variable PR1980A_0433 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

16. Enumerator - Mark when this person was born.
[] Born before April 1965 -- Ask questions 17 - 33. (Omit question 17 if born between April 1960 and March 1965.)
[] Born April 1965 or later -- Turn to next page for next person

[Questions 17 through 33 asked of persons aged 15 and above.]


28-30. Current or most recent job activity

Describe the chief job activity or business at which ____ worked the most hours last week (or the last job or business since 1975)


29. Occupation

29a. What kind of work was ____ doing?

____
(For example: registered nurse, maintenance mechanic)


29b. What were ____ most important activities or duties?
____

(For example: patient care, repair machines in plant)


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Puerto Rico 1990 — source variable PR1990A_0431 — Occupation
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[Questions 17 through 34 are for individuals aged 15 and over]


29-31. The following questions ask about the job worked last week. If [respondent] had more than one job, describe the one [respondent] worked the most hours. If [respondent] didn't work, the questions refer to the most recent job or business since 1985.


30a. What kind of work was [respondent] doing?

____

(For example: registered nurse, personnel manager, supervisor of order department,
cake icer)


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Puerto Rico 2000 — source variable PR2000A_0438 — Occupation
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27. Industry or Employer - Describe clearly this person's chief job activity or business last week. If this person had more than one job, describe the one at which this person worked the most hours. If this person had no job or business last week, give the information for his/her last job or business since 1995.


28. Occupation
28.a. What kind of work was this person doing? (For example: registered nurse, personnel manager, supervisor of order department, auto mechanic, accountant)

____
____
____

28.b. What were this person's most important activities or duties? (For example, patient care, directing hiring policies, supervising order clerks, repairing automobiles, reconciling financial records)
____
____
____


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Puerto Rico 2005 — source variable PR2005A_0437 — Occupation, 1950 basis
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K. Answer questions 35-40 only if this person worked in the past 5 years. Otherwise, skip to question 41.
Questions 35-40: Current or most recent job activity.
Describe clearly this person's chief job activity or business last week. If this person had more than one job, describe the one at which this person worked the most hours. If this person had no job or business last week, give information for his/her last job or business.


39. What kind of work was this person doing?

(For example: registered nurse, personal manager, supervisor of order department, secretary, accountant)
____

40. What were this person's most important activities or duties?
(For example: patient care, directing hiring policies, supervising order clerks, typing and filing, reconciling financial records)
____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[Housing Question 17-42 should be asked only of individuals 15 and older.]


[Answer Person Questions 35-40 only of person who worked in the past 5 years.]


39. Print one or more words to describe the kind of work the person did. If the person was a trainee, apprentice, or helper, include that in the description.
40. Print one or more words to describe the type of work this person does.
 
Enter descriptions like the following: registered nurse, personnel manager, high school teacher.
 
Do not enter single words such as: nurse, manager, teacher


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Puerto Rico 2010 — source variable PR2010A_0727 — Occupation

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Romania 1992 — source variable RO1992A_0429 — Occupation
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