Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
NATION
Country of citizenship

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Description

NATION indicates the person's country of citizenship.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Armenia
Austria
Burkina Faso
Cameroon
Canada
France
Germany
Greece
Indonesia
Ireland
Italy
Malaysia
Netherlands
Portugal
Rwanda
Spain
Switzerland
Tanzania
Zambia

Comparability — General

The variable is comparable across samples and countries, apart from differing numbers of country codes identified. Information on citizenship is summarized in CITIZEN, which also identifies naturalized persons and dual citizenship for some samples.

Comparability — Armenia [top]

Persons with dual citizenship that includes Armenia are coded to Armenia.

Comparability — Austria [top]

Austria samples are comparable across years. The classification used in 2001 is more detailed than other years.

In 2011, persons coded as having citizenship in the European Union (Original 15) exclude those who are Austrian citizens. Other European Union expansion categories can be distinguished in the source variable if desired. Persons who are stateless are combined with "unknown."

Comparability — Burkina Faso [top]

The classification used in 2006 is more detailed than the one in 1996.

Comparability — Cameroon [top]

The classification used in 2005 is more detailed than other years.

Comparability — Canada [top]

In the 1971 sample, persons who are citizens of more than one country are coded according to a single citizenship, preferably the last one acquired. In the 2001 and 2011 samples, persons with dual citizenship are coded to the country other than Canada.

Comparability — France [top]

Persons born in France are assumed to have French citizenship. The classifications used in 2006 and 2011 are more detailed than other years.

Comparability — Germany [top]

The 1970 sample identifies considerably more nationalities than the 1987 sample.

In the Germany 1970 census, stateless persons are merged into a single category with those from Australia and New Zealand.

In the Germany 1987 census, persons who have German/foreign dual nationalities are categorized as German. Persons whose nationality is included in the "other" category and stateless persons are not separately identified, so both are considered as corresponding to "other countries."

Comparability — Greece [top]

In all years, if the respondent had another citizenship in addition to Greek citizenship, the country of citizenship other than Greece was recorded in NATION. To determine if the respondent had Greek citizenship, see CITIZEN.

Comparability — Indonesia [top]

The 1980-1995 censuses only differentiate Indonesian, Chinese, and other foreign citizens. The 1971, 2000 and 2010 offer more detail on other countries/regions.

Comparability — Ireland [top]

In the Ireland 2002 census, persons without nationality are included within the unknown category; in 2006 and 2011, persons without nationality are separately identified.

Comparability — Italy [top]

The 2001 and 2011 samples identify region of the country of citizenship, besides Italian citizenship. The variable is more detailed in 2001 with respect to 2011.

Comparability — Malaysia [top]

The universe for the 1980 sample includes only persons age 12 and older.

Comparability — Netherlands [top]

The data only identifies the Netherlands, "other countries in Europe", and "other countries".

Comparability — Portugal [top]

Persons with dual citizenship that includes Portugal are coded to Portugal.

Comparability — Rwanda [top]

Persons with dual citizenship that includes Rwanda are coded to Rwanda.

Comparability — Spain [top]

In 1981 and 1991, if the respondent had another citizenship in addition to Spanish citizenship, the country of citizenship other than Spain was recorded in NATION. To see if the respondent had Spanish citizenship, check CITIZEN.

Comparability — Switzerland [top]

Switzerland samples are comparable across years. Persons with dual Swiss/foreign nationalities are coded to Switzerland.

Comparability — Tanzania [top]

In the 2012 sample, dual citizenship that includes Tanzania is categorized as being Tanzanian.

Comparability — Zambia [top]

In 1990 and 2000, the question was asked of all persons. In 2010, the question was asked of present household members and visitors. The 1990 and 2000 enumeration instructions indicate that this question should have been asked only of present household members and visitors, but country of citizenship is reported for almost all absent household members; they are included in the universe.

Universe

  • Armenia 2011: All persons
  • Austria 1971: All persons
  • Austria 1991: All persons
  • Austria 2001: All persons
  • Austria 2011: All persons
  • Belarus 1999: All persons
  • Benin 1992: All persons
  • Benin 2002: All persons
  • Benin 2013: All persons
  • Botswana 1981: Present residents
  • Botswana 1991: All persons
  • Burkina Faso 1996: Residents of the household
  • Burkina Faso 2006: All persons
  • Cameroon 1976: All persons
  • Cameroon 1987: All persons
  • Cameroon 2005: Residents of the household
  • Canada 1971: All persons
  • Canada 2001: All persons
  • Canada 2011: All persons
  • Costa Rica 1963: All persons
  • Costa Rica 1973: All persons
  • Costa Rica 1984: All persons
  • Costa Rica 2000: All persons
  • Egypt 1986: All persons
  • Egypt 1996: All persons
  • Egypt 2006: All persons
  • France 1962: All persons
  • France 1968: All persons
  • France 1975: All persons
  • France 1982: All persons
  • France 1990: All persons
  • France 2006: All persons
  • France 2011: All persons
  • Germany 1970: All persons
  • Germany 1987: All persons
  • Ghana 1984: All persons
  • Greece 1971: All persons
  • Greece 1981: All persons
  • Greece 1991: All persons
  • Greece 2001: All persons
  • Greece 2011: All persons
  • Guinea 1983: All persons
  • Guinea 1996: All persons
  • Honduras 1961: All persons
  • Indonesia 1971: All persons
  • Indonesia 1980: All persons
  • Indonesia 1985: All persons
  • Indonesia 1990: All persons
  • Indonesia 1995: All persons
  • Indonesia 2000: All persons
  • Indonesia 2010: All persons
  • Iran 2006: All persons
  • Iraq 1997: All persons
  • Ireland 2002: Present persons
  • Ireland 2006: Present persons
  • Ireland 2011: Present persons
  • Italy 2001: All persons
  • Italy 2011: All persons
  • Jordan 2004: All persons
  • Kenya 1969: All persons
  • Kenya 1979: All persons
  • Kyrgyz Republic 1999: All persons
  • Liberia 2008: All persons
  • Malawi 2008: All persons
  • Malaysia 1980: Persons age 12+
  • Malaysia 1991: All persons
  • Malaysia 2000: All persons
  • Mali 1987: All persons
  • Mali 1998: All persons
  • Mali 2009: All persons
  • Mexico 1960: All persons
  • Mongolia 1989: All persons
  • Mongolia 2000: All persons
  • Morocco 1982: All persons
  • Morocco 1994: All persons
  • Morocco 2004: All persons
  • Mozambique 1997: Residents of the household
  • Mozambique 2007: Residents of the household
  • Netherlands 2001: All persons
  • Netherlands 2011: All persons
  • Panama 1960: All persons
  • Papua New Guinea 1980: All persons
  • Papua New Guinea 2000: All persons
  • Philippines 1990: All persons
  • Philippines 2010: All persons
  • Poland 2002: All persons
  • Poland 2011: All persons
  • Portugal 1981: All persons
  • Portugal 1991: All persons
  • Portugal 2001: All persons
  • Portugal 2011: All persons
  • Rwanda 1991: All persons
  • Rwanda 2002: All persons
  • Rwanda 2012: All persons
  • Senegal 1988: All persons
  • Senegal 2002: All persons
  • Slovenia 2002: All persons
  • South Africa 1996: All persons
  • South Africa 2001: All persons
  • South Sudan 2008: All persons
  • Spain 1981: All persons
  • Spain 1991: All persons
  • Spain 2001: All persons
  • Spain 2011: All persons
  • Sudan 2008: All persons
  • Switzerland 1970: All persons
  • Switzerland 1980: All persons
  • Switzerland 1990: All persons
  • Switzerland 2000: All persons
  • Tanzania 1988: All persons
  • Tanzania 2002: All persons
  • Tanzania 2012: All persons
  • Thailand 2000: All persons
  • Uganda 1991: All persons
  • Uruguay 1963: All persons
  • Zambia 1990: All persons
  • Zambia 2000: All persons
  • Zambia 2010: Present household members and visitors
  • Zimbabwe 2012: All persons

Availability

  • Armenia: 2011
  • Austria: 1971, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Belarus: 1999, 2009
  • Benin: 1992, 2002, 2013
  • Botswana: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Burkina Faso: 1996, 2006
  • Cameroon: 1976, 1987, 2005
  • Canada: 1911, 1971, 2001, 2011
  • Costa Rica: 1963, 1973, 1984, 2000
  • Denmark: 1787, 1801
  • Egypt: 1986, 1996, 2006
  • France: 1962, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 2006, 2011
  • Germany: 1970, 1987
  • Ghana: 1984
  • Greece: 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Guinea: 1983, 1996
  • Honduras: 1961
  • Indonesia: 1971, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2010
  • Iran: 2006
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Ireland: 2002, 2006, 2011
  • Italy: 2001, 2011
  • Jordan: 2004
  • Kenya: 1969, 1979
  • Kyrgyz Republic: 1999
  • Liberia: 2008
  • Malawi: 2008
  • Malaysia: 1980, 1991, 2000
  • Mali: 1987, 1998, 2009
  • Mexico: 1960
  • Mongolia: 1989, 2000
  • Morocco: 1982, 1994, 2004
  • Mozambique: 1997, 2007
  • Netherlands: 2001, 2011
  • Norway: 1875, 1900, 1910
  • Panama: 1960
  • Papua New Guinea: 1980, 2000, 2011
  • Philippines: 1990, 2010
  • Poland: 2002, 2011
  • Portugal: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Rwanda: 1991, 2002, 2012
  • Senegal: 1988, 2002
  • Slovenia: 2002
  • South Africa: 1996, 2001
  • South Sudan: 2008
  • Spain: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Sudan: 2008
  • Sweden: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910
  • Switzerland: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Tanzania: 1988, 2002, 2012
  • Thailand: 2000
  • Uganda: 1991
  • Uruguay: 1963, 1963
  • Zambia: 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Zimbabwe: 2012