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LIVEAREA
Living area in square meters

LIVEAREA is a 3-digit numeric variable.

Codes

000 = NIU (not in universe)
999 = Unknown

Top codes:

Unless otherwise specified: 998+
Austria 1991-2001: 150+
Belarus 1999: 201+
Belarus 2009: 250+
Germany 1987: 361+
Hungary 2001: 260+
Hungary 2011: 301+
Iran 2006: 501+
Italy 2001: 150+
Italy 2011: 145+
Laos 2005: 200+
Philippines 1990-2010: 200+
Poland 2002: 200+
Romania 2002: 221+
Romania 2011: 500+
Slovenia 2002: 101+
Spain 1991: 181+
Spain 2001-2011: 900+
Switzerland 1980-1990: 400+
Switzerland 2000: 500+

Explore how IPUMS created this variable

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      class Livearea:public Editor {

public:
    Livearea(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::de1981a:
        {
            a = DE1981A_0057(0) + DE1981A_0058(0) + DE1981A_0059(0);
            if (DE1981A_0057(0) == 230)
                a = 230;
            if (DE1981A_0057(0) == 999)
                a = 0;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::de1971a:
        {
            a = (int)(((float)DE1971A_0049(0) + (float)DE1971A_0050(0) + (float)DE1971A_0053(0)) / 10.0 + 0.5);
            if (DE1971A_0049(0) == 9999)
                a = 0;
            if (a > 998 || DE1971A_0049(0) == 9998 || DE1971A_0050(0) == 998 || DE1971A_0053(0) == 9998)
                a = 999;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::id2010a:
        {
            if (ID2010A_0035(0) > 998 && ID2010A_0035(0) < 9999)
                a = 998;
        }
        break;
        }


        setData(a);
    }
};

    

Description

LIVEAREA describes the total living area in the dwelling inhabited by the household.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Armenia
Austria
Belarus
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Indonesia
Iran
Italy
Kyrgyz Republic
Laos
Mongolia
Philippines
Poland
Romania
Slovenia
Spain
Switzerland
Vietnam

Comparability — General

Measurement of living space is in square meters for all countries. The specific spaces that counted as living area differ across countries. They vary from measures of virtually all heated interior space to measures of the total space of major rooms.

Some samples are top-coded.

The data for a number of samples were reported as intervals. The data are coded to the lowest value of the interval (for example, "110 to 130" is coded to "110"). The original intervals can usually be inferred from the available values for the sample; or see the unharmonized source variables. The input data from the following samples were intervalled:

Armenia 2001
Austria 1991, 2001, 2011
Belarus 2009
Iran 2006
Italy 2001, 2011
Slovenia 2002
France 2011
Philippines 1990, 2000, 2010
Poland 2002
Spain 1991

Comparability — Armenia [top]

The data include the total area of the dwelling occupied by the household, including non-sleeping space such as kitchens, bathrooms, corridors and balconies. The sample has a separate variable that restricts the area measurement to living space only. The 2011 sample reports the total area of the floor space of the dwelling in square meters. For dwellings 130 square meters and larger, the data are reported in intervals of ten ("130 to 139" is coded to "130", and so on). These intervals differ from those used in the 2001 sample.

Comparability — Austria [top]

All samples report the total useful floor space of the dwelling, excluding space rented to boarders or used for commercial purposes. The data were reported in intervals, but intervals vary across samples. All samples are top-coded at 150 square meters.

Comparability — Belarus [top]

The data for Belarus in 1999 gives the useful space inhabited by the household, essentially including all interior heated space except staircases. In 2009, it includes the floor space for all habitable and utility rooms, plus attics, verandahs, terraces, and similar areas.

Comparability — France [top]

In 2011 sample area of the dwelling was defined as the surface area in square meter. The instruction requires enumerators to count all rooms, including the hallway, kitchen, bathroom, WC, etc. Do not count balconies, patios, cellars, attics, garages, and rooms with exclusively professional uses.

Comparability — Germany [top]

The top codes vary between samples. The data for 1987 are reported in 10-meter intervals starting at 190.

The samples include all the area inhabited by the household, including commercially used rooms. Attics and basements are excluded.

The 1971 and 1981 data are calculated by combining data from 3 separate input variables.

Comparability — Greece [top]

The Greek censuses asked simply for the total surface area of dwellings.

Comparability — Hungary [top]

The censuses asked essentially about the total area of living rooms. The data are top-coded at 260 in 2001 and at 301 in 2011; there is also a bottom-code at 11 in 2011.

Comparability — Indonesia [top]

Floor area includes all spaces used for daily living needs. Under this definition, spaces used for commercial purposes are not included. The 1985 and 1995 samples also offer separate variables on the plot area occupied by the household, which can be found in the unharmonized source variables. Data are available in the source variable for the 2010 sample on values greater than 998 square meters (4-digit).

Comparability — Iran [top]

The data are recoded from 9 broad intervals. Floor area includes all enclosed space under the roof except common areas in apartment buildings.

Comparability — Italy [top]

The total area includes bathrooms and kitchens for both the 2001 and 2011 samples.

Comparability — Kyrgyz Republic [top]

The 1999 census asked for the total area of inhabited rooms, including kitchens but excluding closets, hallways, etc. The 2009 census includes all habitable room, excluding kitchens, closets, etc. A separate unharmonized source variable in 2009 records the total habitable space, but the more restrictive variable is included in LIVEAREA because it is more consistent with 1999.

Comparability — Laos [top]

In the 2005 sample, the living area comprises rooms plus kitchen, including all dwellings and all stories occupied by the same household; it is not equal to the total building area. Respondents were requested to provide an estimate if the exact living area is not known. The 2005 sample is bottom-coded at 3 square meters and top-coded at 200 square meters.

Comparability — Mongolia [top]

The 1989 data indicates the total living area of the dwelling in which the household lives, including corridors, kitchens, and bathrooms. The first household listed in a multi-household dwelling was to record the total living area of the entire dwelling. Subsequent households recorded only the living area that they occupied.

The 2000 sample includes the total area of living room, bedroom and working rooms. It excludes the kitchen.

Comparability — Philippines [top]

The census question refers to the estimated floor area of the housing unit and it is reported only in intervals.

Comparability — Poland [top]

The 1978 and 1988 sample asked for total usable floor space, whereas the 2002 sample asked for floor space excluding rooms used for business purposes. In 2002 the sample is top-coded at 200 square meters.

Comparability — Romania [top]

All censuses asked for the total area of inhabited rooms, including kitchens but excluding closets, hallways, etc. The 1977 census specified that only rooms at least 4 square meters in size were to be included in the total. The 2011 sample specified that the rooms be used for residential purposes only (as opposed to professional commercial purposes).

The 2002 sample is top-coded at 221+. The 2011 sample is top-coded at 500+.

Comparability — Slovenia [top]

The census includes all useful area in the dwelling, including closets and other utility spaces.

Comparability — Spain [top]

The Spanish data record the total floor space usable for habitation. In 1991, the data are reported only in intervals, where the lowest interval is coded to "1" in LIVEAREA. In 2001, the data are reported in intervals of 100 square meters for dwellings 300 square meters and larger, ("300 to 399" is coded to "300", and so on). In 2011, the data are reported in intervals of 100 square meters for dwellings 400 square meters and larger. Both samples are top-coded at 900 square meters.

Comparability — Switzerland [top]

Living area was defined as the area of kitchen, kitchenette, bathroom, toilette storage, hallways, veranda, etc. The minimum living area was 10 square meters in all censuses, coded to "1" in LIVEAREA.

Comparability — Vietnam [top]

Living area was defined as the area of bedrooms, dining room, guestrooms, study rooms, etc. in 1989-1999, but it was defined more vaguely as "floor space" in 2009.

Universe

  • Armenia 2001: All households
  • Armenia 2011: All households
  • Austria 1991: Private households, excluding single rooms without kitchen
  • Austria 2001: Private households, excluding single rooms without kitchen
  • Austria 2011: Conventional dwellings
  • Belarus 1999: All households
  • Belarus 2009: Residential non-collective houses or apartments
  • France 2011: Households in ordinary dwellings
  • Germany 1971: Households in private dwellings
  • Germany 1981: Occupied households
  • Germany 1987: Households in private dwellings
  • Greece 1991: Regular dwellings
  • Greece 2001: Regular dwellings
  • Greece 2011: All households
  • Hungary 1980: Dwellings, excluding collective
  • Hungary 2001: Dwellings, excluding collective
  • Hungary 2011: Occupied private households, seasonal and non-residential housing units
  • Indonesia 1980: All households
  • Indonesia 1985: All households
  • Indonesia 1990: All households
  • Indonesia 1995: All households
  • Indonesia 2005: All households
  • Indonesia 2010: Permanent households in regular and remote areas
  • Iran 2006: First household in the dwelling
  • Italy 2001: Private households living in a dwelling
  • Italy 2011: Private households living in a dwelling
  • Jordan 2004: Private households
  • Kyrgyz Republic 1999: Households, excluding institutions
  • Kyrgyz Republic 2009: Households, excluding institutions
  • Laos 2005: Private households
  • Mongolia 1989: Households living in houses
  • Mongolia 2000: Households living in houses
  • Philippines 1990: All households
  • Philippines 2000: All households
  • Philippines 2010: Households in a dwelling built for habitation
  • Poland 1978: Private dwellings excluding provisional or mobile housing
  • Poland 1988: Private dwellings excluding provisional or mobile housing
  • Poland 2002: Private dwellings excluding provisional or mobile housing
  • Romania 1977: All households
  • Romania 1992: All households
  • Romania 2002: All households
  • Romania 2011: All households
  • Slovenia 2002: All households
  • Spain 1991: Households not in a lodging
  • Spain 2001: Households which are not in collective residence
  • Spain 2011: All households
  • Switzerland 1980: Occupied buildings (except emergency shelter) for private households
  • Switzerland 1990: Occupied buildings (except emergency shelter) for private households
  • Switzerland 2000: Occupied buildings (except emergency shelter) for private households
  • Vietnam 1989: All households
  • Vietnam 1999: Durable dwellings
  • Vietnam 2009: Households with a dwelling

Availability

  • Armenia: 2001, 2011
  • Austria: 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Belarus: 1999, 2009
  • France: 2011
  • Germany: 1971, 1981, 1987
  • Greece: 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Hungary: 1980, 2001, 2011
  • Indonesia: 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2005, 2010
  • Iran: 2006
  • Italy: 2001, 2011
  • Jordan: 2004
  • Kyrgyz Republic: 1999, 2009
  • Laos: 2005
  • Mongolia: 1989, 2000
  • Philippines: 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Poland: 1978, 1988, 2002
  • Romania: 1977, 1992, 2002, 2011
  • Slovenia: 2002
  • Spain: 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Switzerland: 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Vietnam: 1989, 1999, 2009