Codes and Frequencies
Most IPUMS data transformations are performed using variable harmonization tables that specify how each value in the source data is recoded. Some variables also require programming logic in addition to the harmonization table. The harmonization documents for this variable are:
LANGSN indicates the first spoken language in Senegal.
Comparability — General
The availability of Senegalese languages differs across samples. The 2002 and 2013 census are more detailed than 1988. Peul is identified only in 1988 and 2002, while Pulaar is identified in 2002 and 2013. Both Peul and Pulaar belong to the same family of languages.
The 2002 and 2013 samples have details on foreign languages, such as English, Arabic, Chinese, etc.
The person's second most frequently spoken language is recorded for the Senegal samples in LANGSN2.
Users should be aware that universes differ between sample years.
- Senegal 1988: Persons born in Senegal
- Senegal 2002: All persons
- Senegal 2013: Residents in ordinary households
- Senegal: 1988, 2002, 2013