Codes and Frequencies
Most IPUMS data transformations are performed using variable harmonization tables that specify how each value in the source data is recoded. Some variables also require programming logic in addition to the harmonization table. The harmonization documents for this variable are:
LANGID indicates the language or spoken by the respondent at home.
Comparability — General
LANGID is comparable across samples aside from minor universe differences.
This variable does not indicate what languages the respondent can speak, but rather the primary language the respondent used at home. This was determined by asking if the respondent speaks Indonesian and if not, do they speak a local language, and if not, do they speak a foreign language. All of the samples provide detail on the specific local language spoken in the unharmonized source variables, and 2010 includes extensive foreign language detail.
The 1971 census had a related question on whether the person could speak Indonesian or a local language fluently. Because it did not specify daily use in the home and mandated fluency, the data are not integrated into LANGID, but they are accessible through the unharmonized source variables.
- Indonesia 1980: All persons
- Indonesia 1990: Persons age 5+
- Indonesia 1995: Persons age 5+
- Indonesia 2010: Persons age 5+ in regular enumeration areas
- Indonesia: 1980, 1990, 1995, 2010