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Codes and Frequencies

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LANGGN indicates the language or languages in which the respondent is literate: able to read and write. Illiterate persons do not report a language.

Comparability — General

LANGGN differs from language variables in most other samples because of the limitation to literate persons. It does not necessarily report the language the person actually spoke.

There are slightly different universes and some mismatched categories between the samples. The 1983 and 1996 samples refer to specific languages in which the person is literate, while the 2014 sample only indicates whether the person is literate in a national language, a foreign language, or both.


  • Guinea 1983: Persons age 6+
  • Guinea 1996: Household residents age 6+
  • Guinea 2014: Persons age 12+


  • Guinea: 1983, 1996, 2014