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INCSELF
Self-employment income

INCSELF is a 6-digit numeric variable.

Codes

999998 = Unknown/missing.
999999 = NIU (not in universe).

Country-specific codes
Israel 1995

Top codes:

Canada 1971: 50,000+ females in Atlantic region; 75,000+ for others
Canada 1981: 75,000+ all females, males in Atlantic region; 100,000+ males other regions
Canada 1991-2001: 200,000+
Israel 1995: 40,000+
Israel 2008: 279,950+
Panama 2000: 9,997+
Panama 2010: 5,000+
Puerto Rico 1980: 50,000
Puerto Rico 1990: 64,146
Puerto Rico 2000: 367,000 (median of values over 126,000)
Puerto Rico 2005: 189,472 (median value above 99.5th percentile)
Puerto Rico 2010: 154,000 (median value above 99.5th percentile)
Trinidad and Tobago 2000: 11,000+
U.S.A. 1970: 50,000
U.S.A. 1980: 75,000
U.S.A. 1990: 171,250
U.S.A. 2000: 126,000 (State median of values over 126,000)
U.S.A. 2005: State median of values over 75,000
U.S.A 2010: 439,000

Bottom codes:

Canada 1981-2001: -50,000
Puerto Rico 1970: 0.
Puerto Rico 1980: -9,995
Puerto Rico 1990: -4,999
Puerto Rico 2000: -10,000
Puerto Rico 2005: -10,186
Puerto Rico 2010: -9,999
U.S.A. 1970: -9,900
U.S.A. 1980: -9,995
U.S.A. 1990: -9,999
U.S.A. 2000: -10,000
U.S.A. 2005: -9,999
U.S.A. 2010: -9,900

Explore how IPUMS created this variable

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      class Incself:public Editor {

public:
    Incself(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::pa1990a:
        {
            a = PA1990A_0406() + PA1990A_0433();
            if (PA1990A_0406() == 99998 || PA1990A_0433() == 99998)
                a = 999998;
            if (PA1990A_0406() == 99999 || PA1990A_0433() == 99999)
                a = 999999;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::pr1970a:
        {
            a = PR1970A_0443() + PR1970A_0444();
            if (PR1970A_0443() == 99999)
                a = 999999;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::pr1980a:
        {
            a = PR1980A_0453() + PR1980A_0454();
            if (a > 50000)
                a = 50000;
            if (PR1980A_0453() == 999999)
                a = 999999;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::pr1990a:
        {
            a = PR1990A_0450() + PR1990A_0451();
            if (a > 64146)
                a = 64146;
            if (PR1990A_0450() == 999999)
                a = 999999;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::us1970a:
        {
            a = US1970A_0465() + US1970A_0466();
            if (a < -9900)
                a = -9900;
            if (a > 50000)
                a = 50000;
            if (US1970A_0465() == 999999)
                a = 999999;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::us1980a:
        {
            a = US1980A_0473() + US1980A_0474();
            if (a < -9995)
                a = -9995;
            if (a > 75000)
                a = 75000;
            if (US1980A_0473() == 999999)
                a = 999999;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::us1990a:
        {
            a = US1990A_0471() + US1990A_0472();
            if (a < -9999)
                a = -9999;
            if (a > 171250)
                a = 171250;
            if (US1990A_0471() == 999999)
                a = 999999;
        }
        break;
        }


        setData(a);
    }
};

    

Description

INCSELF indicates the respondent's monthly or annual income from self employment (farm and business).

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Canada
Israel
Panama
Puerto Rico
Trinidad and Tobago
United States

Comparability — General

The data are recorded in the currency of each country in that census year; they are not adjusted for inflation. The samples also have different top-codes.

The data for the United States, Canada, and Israel 2008 are annual figures; the data for Israel 1995 and Panama are monthly.

The data for Israel were reported in broad intervals and are recoded to the mid-points.

Comparability — Canada [top]

The samples have different top and bottom codes. Data are annual income in Canadian dollars.

Comparability — Israel [top]

The 1995 sample describes monthly income, but the 2008 sample describes annual income. Both are expressed in New Israeli sheqels. The data were reported in intervals and have been recoded to the mid-points. See the unharmonized source variable for the original intervals.

Comparability — Panama [top]

The samples report monthly income in Balboas. The 1990 data are calculated from separate responses for own-account work and agricultural sales.

Comparability — Puerto Rico [top]

The samples have different top codes and different age universes. Data are annual income in US dollars.

For the 1970-1990 samples, non-farm business income and farm income were asked in separate questions and are combined here. The top-codes and bottom codes for the combined variable reflect those of the business income variable in each sample. The separated values can be obtained from the unharmonized source variables.

Comparability — Trinidad and Tobago [top]

The data report the respondent's gross monthly income from self-employment in Trinidad and Tobago dollars. Gross income from paid employment is reported in INCWAGE.

Comparability — United States [top]

The samples have different top codes and different age universes. Data are annual income in US dollars.

For the 1970-1990 samples, non-farm business income and farm income were asked in separate questions and are combined here. The top-codes and bottom codes for the combined variable reflect those of the business income variable in each sample. The separated values can be obtained from the unharmonized source variables.

Universe

  • Canada 1971: Persons age 15+
  • Canada 1981: Persons age 15+, excluding inmates
  • Canada 1991: Persons age 15+
  • Canada 2001: Persons age 15+
  • Israel 1995: Persons age 15+ who worked last year
  • Israel 2008: Self-employed persons age 15+ in the civilian labor force last year
  • Panama 1990: Persons age 10+
  • Panama 2000: Persons age 10+
  • Panama 2010: All persons
  • Puerto Rico 1970: Persons age 14+
  • Puerto Rico 1980: Persons age 16+
  • Puerto Rico 1990: Persons age 16+
  • Puerto Rico 2000: Persons age 15+
  • Puerto Rico 2005: Persons age 15+
  • Puerto Rico 2010: Persons age 15+
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2000: Persons age 15+
  • United States 1970: Persons age 14+
  • United States 1980: Persons age 16+
  • United States 1990: Persons age 16+
  • United States 2000: Persons age 15+
  • United States 2005: Persons age 15+
  • United States 2010: Persons age 15+

Availability

  • Canada: 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001
  • Israel: 1995, 2008
  • Panama: 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Puerto Rico: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 2000
  • United States: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010