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Type of healthcare facility used, Mexico

Codes and Frequencies

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Explore how IPUMS created this variable


HLTHFAC identifies the type of hospital, clinic, or healthcare facility the person normally attended when experiencing health problems.

The following acronyms are used in the coding for this variable:

  • IMSS for the Mexican Institute of Social Security (Instituto Mexicano de Seguro Social)
  • ISSSTE for the Institute of Security and Social Services for State Workers (Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales para los Trabajadores del Estado)
  • Pemex for Mexican Petroleum (Petroleos Mexicanos)

The IMSS Solidaridad program, later renamed to IMSS Oportunidades, then Prospera, and then Bienestar, is a part of the social security system that serves marginalized or rural populations.

Those who relied only on alternative or homeopathic remedies -- that is, respondents who visited folk healers, witchdoctors or herbal healers, and so forth -- were counted as not receiving health services.

For additional information on health care coverage, see HLTHCOV.

Samples for Bolivia 2012, Indonesia 1980, and Uruguay 2006 indicate similar information about the type of facility/care used by persons who were sick. However, these data are not integrated here. See the unharmonized source variables for those samples.

Comparability — General

The 2010 and 2015 source data further distinguish the ISSSTE category into federal- and state-provided public worker services. That distinction is not retained in HLTHFAC but can be access from the source variables.

In 2015, persons who reported that they use health services from "Oportunidades" were instructed to circle the option for "other." This response was separately identified in 2000 and 2010.


  • Mexico 2000: All persons
  • Mexico 2010: All persons
  • Mexico 2015: All persons
  • Mexico 2020: All persons


  • Mexico: 2000, 2005Q1, 2005Q2, 2005Q3, 2005Q4, 2006Q1, 2006Q2, 2006Q3, 2006Q4, 2007Q1, 2007Q2, 2007Q3, 2007Q4, 2008Q1, 2008Q2, 2008Q3, 2008Q4, 2009Q1, 2009Q2, 2009Q3, 2009Q4, 2010, 2010Q1, 2010Q2, 2010Q3, 2010Q4, 2011Q1, 2011Q2, 2011Q3, 2011Q4, 2012Q1, 2012Q2, 2012Q3, 2012Q4, 2013Q1, 2013Q2, 2013Q3, 2013Q4, 2014Q1, 2014Q2, 2014Q3, 2014Q4, 2015, 2015Q1, 2015Q2, 2015Q3, 2015Q4, 2016Q1, 2016Q2, 2016Q3, 2016Q4, 2017Q1, 2017Q2, 2017Q3, 2017Q4, 2018Q1, 2018Q2, 2018Q3, 2018Q4, 2019Q1, 2019Q2, 2019Q3, 2019Q4, 2020, 2020Q1, 2020Q3