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Health coverage

Codes and Frequencies

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Explore how IPUMS created this variable


HLTHCOV reports whether the person had medical coverage (or a right to medical services) from a public or private institution as the result of the person's or a family member's employment, service in the armed forces, or a combination thereof.

The following acronyms are used in the coding for this variable:

  • IMSS for the Mexican Institute of Social Security (Instituto Mexicano de Seguro Social)
  • ISSSTE for the Institute of Security and Social Services for State Workers (Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales para los Trabajadores del Estado)
  • Pemex for Mexican Petroleum (Petroleos Mexicanos)

The Mexican government implemented a new public insurance program (Seguro Médico para una Nueva Generación) in 2006. The 2010 and 2015 samples includes a category for persons covered by this program, labeled "Public insurance (New Generation)".

Those respondents who used out-of-pocket financing, or relied on some other private or regional program, were coded into the "Other coverage" category.

For additional information on where individuals received medical treatment, see HLTHFAC.

Comparability — General

The 2010 and 2015 unharmonized data further distinguish the ISSSTE category into federal and state provided public worker services. In these samples, other sources are distinguished from private sources.

The 2010 and 2015 samples allowed only two sources of coverage to be indicated, while the 2000 sample allowed up to four sources, if applicable. The unharmonized variables retain full details.


  • Mexico 2000: All persons
  • Mexico 2010: All persons
  • Mexico 2015: All persons


  • Mexico: 2000, 2010, 2015