Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
EDUCTG
Educational attainment, Togo

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Explore how IPUMS created this variable

Download


      class Eductg:public Editor {

public:
    Eductg(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::tg2010a:
        {
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 3 && TG2010A_0435() == 99)
				a = 100;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 11)
				a = 100;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 12)
				a = 201;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 13)
				a = 202;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 14)
				a = 203;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 15)
				a = 204;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 16)
				a = 205;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 21)
				a = 206;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 22)
				a = 311;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 23)
				a = 312;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 24)
				a = 313;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 31)
				a = 314;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 32)
				a = 321;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 33)
				a = 322;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && (TG2010A_0435() == 41 || TG2010A_0435() == 51 ||TG2010A_0435() == 71))
				a = 314;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && (TG2010A_0435() == 61 || TG2010A_0435() == 81))
				a = 323;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 42)
				a = 351;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 43)
				a = 352;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 44)
				a = 353;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 52)
				a = 361;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 53)
				a = 362;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 72)
				a = 371;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 73)
				a = 372;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 74)
				a = 373;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 62)
				a = 401;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 63)
				a = 402;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 64)
				a = 403;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 65)
				a = 404;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 66)
				a = 405;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 67)
				a = 406;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 68)
				a = 407;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 82)
				a = 501;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 83)
				a = 502;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 84)
				a = 503;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 85)
				a = 504;
			if (TG2010A_0432() == 1 && TG2010A_0435() == 86)
				a = 505;
        }
        break;
        }


        setData(a);
    }
};

    

Description

EDUCTG indicates the person's educational attainment in Togo in terms of the level of schooling completed.

Comparability — General

The education in Togo has a 6-4-3 or 6-4-2 system, including six years of primary, four years of a first cycle of secondary, and two to three years of a second cycle of secondary.

Primary education comprises six grades (1st to 6th), it begins at an age of 5 or 6 years, and graduates receive the certificate of primary school studies (CEPD).

The first cycle of general secondary lasts 4 years and leads to a certificate of graduation from junior secondary (BEPC). Graduates can enter then into the second cycle of general secondary or one of the three types of professional or technical schools.

The second cycle of general secondary lasts 3 years. Students take a national test called General Baccalaureate 1 at the end of the second year (BAC 1 or Probatorie). This certificate is a requirement to access the terminal grade. Secondary school graduates obtain the baccalaureate diploma after concluding the last year of the second cycle (grade 13) and passing the General Baccalaureate 2 (BAC 2).

The second cycle of the professional or technical track lasts 2 to 3 years. The general requirement for this level is to have the BEPC certificate. Graduates from the short cycle of professional training obtain the certificate of professional studies (BEP) or the Technician's Certificate (BT). Those who complete the long cycle of professional training (3 years) obtain the Technician's Baccalaureate (BAC G). The short cycle does not precede the long one.

The 1960 and 1970 samples do not provide information about the grade or year completed. The 1960 sample only identifies persons who attained the certificate of primary school (coded as primary, grade 6) and those who have a baccalaureate or further education (coded as second cycle of general secondary, grade 3). Thus, it is not possible to classify persons with incomplete primary or those who attended the first cycle of secondary education, while we effectively underestimate educational attainment for persons with more than a baccalaureate. In 1970, educational attainment is inferred from both the highest educational level or the highest certificate attained. The 2010 sample provides detailed information about the year and track in primary or secondary. In the 2010 sample, one year is subtracted for persons currently attending school in the primary and secondary levels to identify the grade completed.

Higher education includes university and non-university programs that last 2 to 3 years in most cases. Some university degrees' take more years such in the fields of engineering (5 years) and medicine (7 years).

Pre-school is identified in 1970 and 2010, and Koranic schools only in 1970. The 2010 sample includes a residual "other" category but it does not specify the types of education that it refers to.

Universe

  • Togo 1960: All persons
  • Togo 1970: All persons
  • Togo 2010: Persons age 3+

Availability

  • Togo: 1960, 1970, 2010