Questionnaire Text

Bangladesh 2011 Ethiopia 1984 Mauritius 2011 Saint Lucia 1991
Benin 2002 Ethiopia 1994 Mexico 2000 Senegal 2002
Benin 2013 Ethiopia 2007 Mexico 2010 Senegal 2013
Botswana 1991 France 1962 Morocco 2004 Sierra Leone 2004
Botswana 2001 Guatemala 1994 Morocco 2014 Sierra Leone 2015
Botswana 2011 Guinea 1996 Mozambique 2007 South Africa 2001
Burkina Faso 1985 Guinea 2014 Nepal 2011 South Africa 2007
Burkina Faso 1996 Haiti 2003 Pakistan 1973 South Africa 2011
Burkina Faso 2006 Indonesia 1980 Panama 1980 South Africa 2016
Cambodia 2008 Iran 2006 Panama 1990 South Sudan 2008
Cambodia 2013 Iraq 1997 Panama 2000 Sudan 2008
Cameroon 2005 Israel 1983 Panama 2010 Suriname 2012
Chile 1992 Jamaica 1991 Paraguay 1962 Tanzania 2002
Chile 2002 Jamaica 2001 Paraguay 1982 Thailand 1990
Colombia 1993 Kenya 2009 Paraguay 1992 Togo 2010
Colombia 2005 Lesotho 2006 Paraguay 2002 Trinidad and Tobago 2000
Costa Rica 2011 Liberia 2008 Peru 1993 Trinidad and Tobago 2011
Dominican Republic 1981 Malawi 2008 Peru 2007 Turkey 2000
Dominican Republic 2002 Malaysia 1980 Philippines 1990 Uganda 1991
Dominican Republic 2010 Malaysia 2000 Philippines 1995 Uganda 2002
Egypt 1986 Mali 1987 Philippines 2000 Uruguay 2006
Egypt 1996 Mali 1998 Philippines 2010 Venezuela 1990
El Salvador 1992 Mauritius 1990 Rwanda 2002 Zambia 2010
El Salvador 2007 Mauritius 2000 Rwanda 2012 Zimbabwe 2012
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Bangladesh 2011 — source variable BD2011A_DISAB — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

19. Type of disability
[] 0 None
[] 1 Speech
[] 2 Vision
[] 3 Hearing
[] 4 Physical
[] 5 Mental
[] 6 Autistic


Q19. Disability: if no disability then write 0 in the blank box, if speaking problem write 1 in blank box, if vision problem then write 2 in blank box, if listening problem then write 3 in the blank box, if physical problem then write 4 in the blank box, if mental problem then write 5 in the blank box, if autistic write 6 in the blank box.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question-19. Is Disabled?
According to Disabled Welfare Act 2010 person who is by born or cause of others physically unable or completely/partly handicapped or mentally retarded is considered as Disabled. In this census as per recommendation of the Washington Group disabled has been categorized into six categories.
Ask the respondent is there any body in this household who is having trouble in speaking, seeing, listening, physical or mental. Ask in this regards.
For person having none of the above problem enter zero in the check box;
For person having problem in speaking enter [1] in the check box;
For person having problem in eye side even using spectacle enter [2] in the check box;
For person having listening problem even using Hearing Aid unable to listen enter [3]
For handicapped person unable to move freely enter [4] in the check box;
For person mentally retarded enter [5] in the check box;
For autistic person lack of intelligence enter [6] in the check box.

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Benin 2002 — source variable BJ2002A_MUTE — Mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all persons
[Questions in columns 1 to 11 were asked of all persons]

Now we would like to ask for information on you and the persons habitually living in your household or currently residing in your home

(10) Type of handicap

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 3 Mute
[] 4 Visually impaired
[] 5 Mentally disabled
[] 6 Paralyzed upper member
[] 7 Paralyzed lower member
[] 8 Other handicaps
[] 0 No handicaps

_ _ _ Write down the codes for the three main declared handicaps
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Column (10): Type of handicap
Ask the following question: "Does (respondent) suffer from any infirmities?" If the answer is NO, report "0" in each of the three boxes and go to column (11). If you obtain YES for an answer, ask the following question: "Of what infirmities does [the respondent] suffer?"
Given the response obtained, write down in the corresponding box or boxes, the code or codes corresponding to the type or types of handicap declared according to the following:

[] 1. Blind
[] 2. Deaf
[] 3. Mute
[] 4. Visually impaired
[] 5. Mental handicap
[] 6. Lower member paralysis
[] 7. Upper member paralysis
[] 8. Other handicap
[] 0. No handicap

Begin writing down the codes from the left.
If the interviewee suffers from one infirmity, write down the appropriate code in the first box, and "0" in the second and third boxes. Never leave an empty box in column (10).
If the interviewee suffers from two infirmities, write down the appropriate codes for the types of handicap in the first two boxes, and "0" in the last (third) box.
Note:
1) One can thus report at most three main declared handicaps for a person suffering from several infirmities. [2 examples omitted]
2) When a census agent encounter a case of hemiplegia (complete or incomplete paralysis of a lateral half of the body), he must use the code 7 corresponding to other handicap.
3) For a counted person suffering from one infirmity (example mental handicap), the registered answer shall be: 4|0|0|
4) For a counted person suffering from no infirmities, the registered answer shall be: 0|0|0|


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Benin 2013 — source variable BJ2013A_MUTE — Disability, mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
11. Type of disability
[] 00 No handicap
[] 01 Cerebral motor infirmity

Motor:
[] 02 Amputated
[] 03 Paralyzed

Visual:
[] 04 Amblyopic (visually impaired)
[] 05 Blind

Auditory/Verbal:
[] 06 Hard of hearing
[] 07 Deaf
[] 08 Mute

Intellectual:
[] 09 With Down syndrome
[] 10 Autistic
[] 11 Mentally impaired or retarded

Mental
[] 12 Mentally ill

Write down the codes for the three main declared disabilities

_ _ 1st
_ _ 2nd
_ _ 3rd
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 2: Individual characteristics of household members

Questions 1 [order number] to 12 [residency status] apply to all persons to count in the household.

11. Type of Handicap

A handicap is defined as a limitation of physical and/or mental abilities of a person, due to a deficiency that is congenital or acquired during one's existence. In other terms, it is a disadvantage of which a person suffers following an infirmity or incapacity and that prohibits them for totally or partially fulfilling a task that is otherwise normal given their age, sex, and different cultural factors. Any person incapable of fulfilling alone all or some necessities of a normal individual or social life, as a result of a deficiency, congenital or not, of their physical or mental capacities is considered handicapped.

Below is the list of elementary handicaps that the 4th GPHC of Benin has retained:

[] 00. No handicap

Auditory/verbal handicap
[] 6. Hearing impaired - A person having difficulty hearing, even with a hearing aid.

[] 7. Deaf - A person incapable of hearing, even with a hearing aid.

[] 8. Mute - A person incapable of communicating//speaking.

Ask the following question:

Q: "Does [the respondent] exhibit one [or some] physical or mental handicap[s], apparent or non-apparent?"

NB: when the handicap is manifestly visible, note it down and go to the following question;
At most three main declared handicaps can be registered for a person suffering from several infirmities.

[] Write down in the 1st, then the 2nd, then the 3rd grid corresponding to the registration order number of the counted person, respectively the 1st, then potentially the 2nd, then potentially the 3rd handicap.

[Page 54]

If the counted person does not suffer from any handicap

Write down "00" in the boxes of the first grid, "00" in the boxes of the second grid, and "00" in the boxes of the third grid.

If the counted person suffers from one handicap:

Note the code corresponding to the modality of the 1st handicap in the boxes of the first grid;
Then write down "00" in the boxes of the second grid and "00" in the boxes of the third grid.

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Botswana 1991 — source variable BW1991A_DISSPEAK — Disability of speech
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section C
[Disability]

3. Does any person(s) listed in from section A-question 2, or section B-question 3 suffer from any of the following disabilities?

[] 11 Defect of seeing in 1 eye
[] 12 Defect of seeing in 2 eyes
[] 13 Blindness in 1 eye
[] 14 Blindness in 2 eyes
[] 21 Defect of hearing in 1 ear
[] 22 Defect of hearing in 2 ears
[] 23 Deafness in 1 ear
[] 24 Deafness in 2 ears
[] 31 Defect of speech
[] 32 Inability to speak
[] 41 Inability to use 1 leg
[] 42 Inability to use 2 legs
[] 51 Inability to use 1 arm
[] 52 Inability to use 2 arms
[] 61 Moderate retardation
[] 62 Severe retardation
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Columns C1/C2/C3: Disability
11 Defect of seeing in 1 eye
12 Defect of seeing in 2 eyes
13 Blindness in 1 eye
14 Blindness in 2 eyes
21 Defect of hearing in 1 ear
22 Defect of hearing in 2 ears
23 Deafness in 1 ear
24 Deafness in 2 ears
31 Defect of speech
32 Inability to speak
41 Inability to use 1 leg
42 Inability to use 2 legs
51 Inability to use 1 arm
52 Inability to use 2 arms
61 Moderate Retardation
62 Severe Retardation

You should read out the list of disabilities to the respondent as a reminder to him or her of the types of disabilities to which we are referring. Be very tactful in asking these questions so as not to cause offence or embarrassment.

If anyone does have a disability, enter the person's first name in column C1, then enter in column C2 the same serial number that you assigned to this person in column A2 or B2. A person from Part A will have a serial number 01, 02 or 03, etc., whilst a person from Part B will have a serial number 91, 92 or 93, etc.

A disabled person has incapacities as a result of physical or mental deficiencies such as bodily abnormalities, defects and impairments. Impairments are defects of structure or functions of the body which give rise to personal inabilities to perform necessary activities. The defects and impairments might occur from birth, or may be brought about by disease, injury or just old age.

Defect of Seeing: A person wearing glasses will not usually be defined as having a defect of seeing. Only if, when wearing glasses, the person cannot count the fingers of a hand from a distance of 3 metres will you record him/her as having a seeing defect. If the defect is in one eye, code 11, and, if the defect is in both eyes, code 12. If there is complete blindness in one eye enter 13; if there is blindness in both eyes enter 14.

Defect of Hearing: If a person cannot hear a whisper at a distance of 2 metres, that person is said to have a defect of hearing. If the defect is in one ear enter code 21, if both ears are affected, enter code 22. If there is complete deafness in one ear enter 23; if the deafness is in both ears enter 24.

Defect of Speech: A person who makes unintelligible speech, stammers or speaks with an abnormal voice is said to have a defect of speech. If this defect applies, enter code 31.

Inability to Speak: For a person who cannot speak at all (i.e. is completely dumb or mute), enter 32.

Inability to Use One or Both Legs: For a person who has one leg lame or a leg or foot missing enter 41; if both legs are lame or both feet/legs are missing, enter 42.

[p.43]

Inability to Use One or Both Arms: For a person who has one arm lame or a hand or arm missing enter 51; if both arms are lame or both hands/arms are missing, code 52.

Mental Retardation: A person who is capable of taking care of himself/herself but who cannot adjust to a situation needing ordinary skills consistent with age is said to be moderately retarded, and the code should be 61.

A person who, despite good physical condition, is incapable of doing normal daily self-care activities consistent with age is said to be severely mentally retarded. For this condition enter 62.

If a person suffers from a combination of any of the listed disabilities, enter the applicable codes, e.g. if there is a defect of hearing in two ears and a defect of speech enter 2231. After you have recorded the disability code(s) for a particular person, fill the remaining boxes with dashes.

The relevant portion of the sample questionnaire on page 15 is shown below.

[Diagram on page 43 omitted]

Thembe is blind in one eye, so she is assigned serial number 07 (since that was her serial number in Pan A), and the disability code is 13.


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Botswana 2001 — source variable BW2001A_DISSPEECH — Defect of speech
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
C1. List all members of this household (from questions A1 or B1) ____

C2. Serial number (from questions A2 or B2) _ _

C3. Does any person(s) listed in A1 or B1 suffer from any of the following disabilities?

[] 11 Defect of seeing in 1 eye
[] 12 Defect of seeing in 2 eyes
[] 13 Blindness in 1 eye
[] 14 Blindness in 2 eyes
[] 21 Defect of hearing in 1 ear
[] 22 Defect of hearing in 2 ears
[] 23 Deafness in 1 ear
[] 24 Deafness in 2 ears
[] 31 Defect of speech
[] 32 Inability to speak
[] 41 Inability to use 1 leg
[] 42 Inability to use 2 legs
[] 51 Inability to use 1 arm
[] 52 Inability to use 2 arms
[] 61 Moderate retardation
[] 62 Severe retardation
[] 63 Mental cases
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
131. Columns C1/C2/C3: Disability

Q: Does any person(s) listed in A1 or B1 suffer from any of the following disabilities?

[] 11 Defect of seeing in 1 eye
[] 12 Defect of seeing in 2 eyes
[] 13 Blindness in 1 eye
[] 14 Blindness in 2 eyes
[] 21 Defect of hearing in 1 ear
[] 22 Defect of hearing in 2 ears
[] 23 Deafness in 1 ear
[] 24 Deafness in 2 ears
[] 31 Defect of speech
[] 32 Inability to speak
[] 41 Inability to use 1 leg
[] 42 Inability to use 2 legs
[] 51 Inability to use 1 arm
[] 52 Inability to use 2 arms
[] 52 Inability to use 2 arms
[] 62 Severe retardation
[] 63 Mental illness

You should read out the list of disabilities to the respondent as a reminder to him or her of the types of disabilities to which we are referring. Be very tactful in asking these questions so as not to cause offence or embarrassment.

If anyone does have a disability, enter the person's first name in column C1, then enter in column C2 the same serial number that you assigned to this person in column A2 or B2. A person from Part A will have serial numbers 01, 02 or 03, etc., whilst Part B will have serial numbers 91, 92 or 93, etc.

A disabled person has incapacities as a result of physical or mental deficiencies such as bodily abnormalities, defects and impairments. Impairments are defects of structure or functions of the body which give rise to personal inabilities to perform necessary activities. The defects and impairments might occur from birth, or may be brought about by disease, injury or just old age.

Defect of Seeing: A person wearing glasses will not usually be defined as having a defect of seeing. Only if, when wearing glasses, the person cannot count the fingers of a hand from a distance of 3 metres will you record him as having a seeing defect. If the defect is in one eye, code 11, and, if the defect is in both eyes, code 12. If there is complete blindness in one eye enter 13; if there is blindness in both eyes enter 14.

Defect of Hearing: If a person cannot hear a whisper at a distance of 2 metres, that person is said to have a defect of hearing. If the defect is in one ear enter code 21, if both ears are affected, enter code 22. If there is complete deafness in one ear enter 23; if the deafness is in both ears enter 24.

Defect of Speech: A person who makes unintelligible speech, stammers or speaks with an abnormal voice is said to have a defect of speech. If this defect applies, enter code 31.

Inability to Speak: For a person who cannot speak at all (i.e. is completely dumb or mute), enter 32.

Inability to Use One or Both Legs: For a person who has one leg lame or a leg or foot missing enter 41; if both legs are lame or both feet/legs are missing, enter 42.

Inability to Use One or Both Arms: For a person who has one arm lame or a hand or arm missing enter 51; if both arms are lame or both hands/arms are missing, code 52.

Mental Retardation: A person who is capable of taking care of himself/herself but who cannot adjust to a situation needing ordinary skills consistent with age is said to be moderately retarded, and the code should be 61.

A person who, despite good physical condition, is incapable of doing normal daily self-care activities consistent with age is said to be severely mentally retarded. For this condition enter 62.

If a person suffers from a combination of any of the listed disabilities, enter the applicable codes, e.g. if there is a defect of hearing in two ears and a defect of speech enter 2231. After you have recorded the disability code(s) for a particular person, fill the remaining boxes with dashes.

Mental Case: This situation must not be confused with retardation, as this is abnormal perceptions associated with delusional misinterpretation of events; or it could be said to be thinking so disordered as to prevent the patient making a reasonable appraisal of his situation or having reasonable communication with others (as defined in http://www.hyperguide.co.uk/mha/contents).

The relevant portion of the sample questionnaire is shown below.

Example: Itumeleng does not hear at all in one ear, hence his name and serial number in C1 and C2. The type of disability, which is not hearing in one ear, is shown by code 21.


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Botswana 2001 — source variable BW2001A_DISSPEAK — Inability to speak
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
C1. List all members of this household (from questions A1 or B1) ____

C2. Serial number (from questions A2 or B2) _ _

C3. Does any person(s) listed in A1 or B1 suffer from any of the following disabilities?

[] 11 Defect of seeing in 1 eye
[] 12 Defect of seeing in 2 eyes
[] 13 Blindness in 1 eye
[] 14 Blindness in 2 eyes
[] 21 Defect of hearing in 1 ear
[] 22 Defect of hearing in 2 ears
[] 23 Deafness in 1 ear
[] 24 Deafness in 2 ears
[] 31 Defect of speech
[] 32 Inability to speak
[] 41 Inability to use 1 leg
[] 42 Inability to use 2 legs
[] 51 Inability to use 1 arm
[] 52 Inability to use 2 arms
[] 61 Moderate retardation
[] 62 Severe retardation
[] 63 Mental cases
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
131. Columns C1/C2/C3: Disability

Q: Does any person(s) listed in A1 or B1 suffer from any of the following disabilities?

[] 11 Defect of seeing in 1 eye
[] 12 Defect of seeing in 2 eyes
[] 13 Blindness in 1 eye
[] 14 Blindness in 2 eyes
[] 21 Defect of hearing in 1 ear
[] 22 Defect of hearing in 2 ears
[] 23 Deafness in 1 ear
[] 24 Deafness in 2 ears
[] 31 Defect of speech
[] 32 Inability to speak
[] 41 Inability to use 1 leg
[] 42 Inability to use 2 legs
[] 51 Inability to use 1 arm
[] 52 Inability to use 2 arms
[] 52 Inability to use 2 arms
[] 62 Severe retardation
[] 63 Mental illness

You should read out the list of disabilities to the respondent as a reminder to him or her of the types of disabilities to which we are referring. Be very tactful in asking these questions so as not to cause offence or embarrassment.

If anyone does have a disability, enter the person's first name in column C1, then enter in column C2 the same serial number that you assigned to this person in column A2 or B2. A person from Part A will have serial numbers 01, 02 or 03, etc., whilst Part B will have serial numbers 91, 92 or 93, etc.

A disabled person has incapacities as a result of physical or mental deficiencies such as bodily abnormalities, defects and impairments. Impairments are defects of structure or functions of the body which give rise to personal inabilities to perform necessary activities. The defects and impairments might occur from birth, or may be brought about by disease, injury or just old age.

Defect of Seeing: A person wearing glasses will not usually be defined as having a defect of seeing. Only if, when wearing glasses, the person cannot count the fingers of a hand from a distance of 3 metres will you record him as having a seeing defect. If the defect is in one eye, code 11, and, if the defect is in both eyes, code 12. If there is complete blindness in one eye enter 13; if there is blindness in both eyes enter 14.

Defect of Hearing: If a person cannot hear a whisper at a distance of 2 metres, that person is said to have a defect of hearing. If the defect is in one ear enter code 21, if both ears are affected, enter code 22. If there is complete deafness in one ear enter 23; if the deafness is in both ears enter 24.

Defect of Speech: A person who makes unintelligible speech, stammers or speaks with an abnormal voice is said to have a defect of speech. If this defect applies, enter code 31.

Inability to Speak: For a person who cannot speak at all (i.e. is completely dumb or mute), enter 32.

Inability to Use One or Both Legs: For a person who has one leg lame or a leg or foot missing enter 41; if both legs are lame or both feet/legs are missing, enter 42.

Inability to Use One or Both Arms: For a person who has one arm lame or a hand or arm missing enter 51; if both arms are lame or both hands/arms are missing, code 52.

Mental Retardation: A person who is capable of taking care of himself/herself but who cannot adjust to a situation needing ordinary skills consistent with age is said to be moderately retarded, and the code should be 61.

A person who, despite good physical condition, is incapable of doing normal daily self-care activities consistent with age is said to be severely mentally retarded. For this condition enter 62.

If a person suffers from a combination of any of the listed disabilities, enter the applicable codes, e.g. if there is a defect of hearing in two ears and a defect of speech enter 2231. After you have recorded the disability code(s) for a particular person, fill the remaining boxes with dashes.

Mental Case: This situation must not be confused with retardation, as this is abnormal perceptions associated with delusional misinterpretation of events; or it could be said to be thinking so disordered as to prevent the patient making a reasonable appraisal of his situation or having reasonable communication with others (as defined in http://www.hyperguide.co.uk/mha/contents).

The relevant portion of the sample questionnaire is shown below.

Example: Itumeleng does not hear at all in one ear, hence his name and serial number in C1 and C2. The type of disability, which is not hearing in one ear, is shown by code 21.


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Botswana 2011 — source variable BW2011A_DISSPEECH — Speech disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
C. Disability

3. Does any listed persons (from section A or B) have any of the following disabilities:

[] 11 Partial sighted
[] 12 Total blindness
[] 21 Partial hearing
[] 22 Deafness
[] 31 Partial speech impairment
[] 32 Inability to speak
[] 41 Inability to use 1 leg
[] 42 Inability to use 2 legs
[] 43 Inability to use 1 arm
[] 44 Inability to use 2 arms
[] 45 Inability to use the whole body
[] 51 Intellectual impairment
[] 61 Mental health disorder
[] 71 Missing 1 leg
[] 72 Missing 2 legs
[] 73 Missing 1 arm
[] 74 Missing 2 arms
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Part C of the questionnaire: Disability

Disability is any restriction or lack (resulting from an impairment) of the ability to perform an activity within the range considered normal for a human being.

177. Columns C1/C2/C3: Disability
Q. Does any person(s) listed in A1 or B1 suffer from any of the following disabilities?

11. Partial sighted
12. Total blindness
21. Partial hearing
22. Deafness
31. Partial speech impairment
32. Inability to speak
23. Inability to use 1 leg
24. Inability to use 2 legs
43. Inability to use 1 arm
44. Inability to use 2 arms
45. Inability to use the whole body
51. Intellectual impairment
61. Mental health disorder
71. Missing 1 leg
72. Missing 2 legs
73. Missing 1 arm
74. Missing 2 arms

You should read out the list of disabilities to the respondent as a guide on the types of disabilities you are referring to. Be very tactful in asking these questions so as not to cause offense of embarrassment.

If anyone does have a disability, enter the person's first name in column C1, then enter in column C2 the same serial number that you assigned to this person in column A2 or B2. A person from Part A will have serial numbers 01, 02 or 03, etc., whilst a person from Part B will have serial numbers 91, 92 or 93, etc.

A disabled person has incapacities as a result of physical or mental deficiencies such as bodily abnormalities, defects and impairments. Impairments are defects of structure or functions of the body which give rise to personal inabilities to perform necessary activities. The defects and impairments might occur from birth, or may be brought about by disease, injury or just old age.

Enter the stated disabilities a person has from any of the following codes.

11. Partial sighted
This refers to a person who cannot count fingers from a distance of three meters.
12. Total blindness
This refers to a person who cannot see completely.
21. Partial hearing
This refers to a person who cannot hear a whisper at a distance of two meters even with hearing aids.
22. Deafness
This refers to a person who cannot hear completely
31. Partial speech impairment
This refers to a person who makes unintelligible/unclear speech or stammers and whose speech is not easy to hear.
32. Inability to speak
This refers to a person who cannot speak at all (i.e. completely dumb or mute).
41. Inability to use 1 leg
This refers to a person who has one lame leg.
42. Inability to use 2 legs
This refers to a person who has two lame legs.
43. Inability to use 1 arm
This refers to a person who has one lame hand/arm.
44. Inability to use 2 arms
This refers to a person who has two lame hands/arms.
45. Inability to use the whole body
This refers to a person who cannot use their entire body.
51. Intellectual impairment
This refers to a person with a normal IQ level who begins to show strange behavior, thinking, acting, or talking in a different way than other people. The onset occurs later in life after a period of normal development.
61. Mental health disorder
This refers to a handicap of abnormal intellectual functioning with onset during the developmental period associated with impaired maturation, learning, and social maladjustment. The Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is below normal.
71. Missing 1 leg
This refers to a person who has one missing leg.
72. Missing 2 legs
This refers to a person who has two missing legs.
73. Missing 1 arm
This refers to a person who has one missing arm.
74. Missing 2 arms
This refers to a person who has two missing arms.

[Table omitted]


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Burkina Faso 1985 — source variable BF1985A_DISAB — Handicap
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Handicap
[Question 21 was asked of all persons.]
21. Type of handicap ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Column twenty-one - nature of handicap:

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Burkina Faso 1996 — source variable BF1996A_DISAB — Handicap
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Entire Population
[Questions P01 to P14 were asked for all persons.]


P10. Principal nature of handicap

[] 00. No handicap
[] 01. Paralysis of upper extremities
[] 02. Paralysis of lower extremities
[] 03. Quadriplegic
[] 04. Amputation of upper extremities
[] 05. Amputation of lower extremities
[] 06. Amputation of upper and lower extremities
[] 07. Leprosy
[] 08. Mental retardation
[] 09. Insanity
[] 10. Blind
[] 11. Deaf
[] 12. Mute
[] 13. Deaf-mute
[] 14. Other


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Burkina Faso 2006 — source variable BF2006A_DISAB — Handicap
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
II. Individual Characteristics
Entire Population


P14. Nature of handicap

Does [the person] suffer from any form of handicap?

Circle the corresponding code.

[] 0 No handicap
[] 1 Handicap of upper extremities
[] 2 Handicap of lower extremities
[] 3 Mental retardation
[] 4 Blind
[] 5 Deaf/Mute
[] 6 Other


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Cambodia 2008 — source variable KH2008A_DISBRTH — Disabled since birth
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

15. Physical/mental disability, if any:
If the person is physically/mentally disabled, give the appropriate code number from the list below. Otherwise enter a dash (-)


a. Since birth

[] 1 In seeing
[] 2 In speech
[] 3 In hearing
[] 4 In movement
[] 5 Mental

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 15: Physical/Mental Disability, if any

97. This question is a sensitive one and should be canvassed without offending the feelings of the respondent. The purpose of this question is to elicit the information of whether the respondent has any physical/mental disability. If he/she has no such disability put (0) in the two sub-columns. The five types of disabilities identified for census purpose are given below:

97.1 In Seeing: A person who cannot see at all (has no perception of light) or has blurred vision even with the help of glasses or contact lenses will be considered as having disability in "Seeing" or visually disabled, and Code 1 will be entered under this question. A person with proper vision only in one eye will also be treated as visually disabled. You may come across a situation where a person may have blurred vision and had no occasion to test whether his/her eye-sight would improve by using spectacles. Such persons would be treated as visually disabled.

97.2 In Speech: A person will be recorded as having speech disability if he/she is mute. Similarly, for a person whose speech is not understood by a listener of normal comprehension and hearing, he/she will be treated as having speech disability and Code 2 will be entered. Persons who stammer but whose speech is comprehensible will not be classified as disabled by speech.

97.3 In Hearing: A person who cannot hear at all (deaf) or can hear only loud sounds will be considered as having hearing disability and in such cases Code 3 will be entered. A person who is able to hear, using a hearing aid will not be considered as disabled under this category. If a person cannot hear through one ear but his/her other ear is functioning normally, he/she should be considered as having hearing disability.

97.4 In Movement: A person who lacks limbs or is unable to use the limbs normally will be considered having movement disability and Code 4 will be entered here. Absence of a part of a limb like a finger or a toe will not be considered as disability. However, absence of all the fingers or toes or a thumb will make a person disabled by movement. If any part of the body is deformed, the person will also be treated as disabled and covered under this category. A person who cannot move herself/himself or without the aid of another person or without the aid of a stick, wheelchair, etc., will be treated as disabled under this category. Similarly, a person would be

[p.36]
treated as disabled in movement if he/she is unable to move or lift or pick up any small article placed near him/her. A person who may not be able to move normally because of problems of joints like arthritis, and has to invariably limp while moving, will also be considered to have movement disability.

97.5 Mental: A person who lacks comprehension appropriate to his/her age will be considered as mentally disabled. This would not mean that if a person is not able to comprehend his/her studies appropriate to his/her age and is failing his/her quality examination is mentally disabled. Mentally retarded and insane persons would be treated as mentally disabled. A mentally disabled person may generally depend on his/her family members for performing daily routines. It should be left to the respondent to report whether the member of the household is mentally disabled and no tests are required to be applied by you to judge the member's disability.

97.6 If a person is disabled, enter only one of the five disabilities for that person, in codes, as given below:

1: In Seeing
2: In Speech
3: In Hearing
4: In Movement
5: Mental


97.7 Please note that a person may have two or more types of disability but only one of these is to be recorded. In such cases you will have to leave it to the respondent to decide as to the type of disability he/she wants the member of his/her household to be classified into. The disability of a person will be decided with reference to the date of enumeration. Persons with temporary disability on the date of enumeration will not be considered as disabled. For example, when a person's movement may have been restricted because of some temporary injury and he/she is likely to return to his normal state after sometime, such a person will not be treated as disabled.

97.8 The code has to be given in Column 15 (a) "Since birth" if the person has the disability from his/her birth. In other words, he/she was born with this disability. If the person got this disability after birth enter the disability code in Column 15 (b) "After birth".


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Cambodia 2008 — source variable KH2008A_DISAFTER — Disabled after birth
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

15. Physical/mental disability, if any:
If the person is physically/mentally disabled, give the appropriate code number from the list below. Otherwise enter a dash (-)


b. After birth

[] 1 In seeing
[] 2 In speech
[] 3 In hearing
[] 4 In movement
[] 5 Mental

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 15: Physical/Mental Disability, if any

97. This question is a sensitive one and should be canvassed without offending the feelings of the respondent. The purpose of this question is to elicit the information of whether the respondent has any physical/mental disability. If he/she has no such disability put (0) in the two sub-columns. The five types of disabilities identified for census purpose are given below:

97.1 In Seeing: A person who cannot see at all (has no perception of light) or has blurred vision even with the help of glasses or contact lenses will be considered as having disability in "Seeing" or visually disabled, and Code 1 will be entered under this question. A person with proper vision only in one eye will also be treated as visually disabled. You may come across a situation where a person may have blurred vision and had no occasion to test whether his/her eye-sight would improve by using spectacles. Such persons would be treated as visually disabled.

97.2 In Speech: A person will be recorded as having speech disability if he/she is mute. Similarly, for a person whose speech is not understood by a listener of normal comprehension and hearing, he/she will be treated as having speech disability and Code 2 will be entered. Persons who stammer but whose speech is comprehensible will not be classified as disabled by speech.

97.3 In Hearing: A person who cannot hear at all (deaf) or can hear only loud sounds will be considered as having hearing disability and in such cases Code 3 will be entered. A person who is able to hear, using a hearing aid will not be considered as disabled under this category. If a person cannot hear through one ear but his/her other ear is functioning normally, he/she should be considered as having hearing disability.

97.4 In Movement: A person who lacks limbs or is unable to use the limbs normally will be considered having movement disability and Code 4 will be entered here. Absence of a part of a limb like a finger or a toe will not be considered as disability. However, absence of all the fingers or toes or a thumb will make a person disabled by movement. If any part of the body is deformed, the person will also be treated as disabled and covered under this category. A person who cannot move herself/himself or without the aid of another person or without the aid of a stick, wheelchair, etc., will be treated as disabled under this category. Similarly, a person would be

[p.36]
treated as disabled in movement if he/she is unable to move or lift or pick up any small article placed near him/her. A person who may not be able to move normally because of problems of joints like arthritis, and has to invariably limp while moving, will also be considered to have movement disability.

97.5 Mental: A person who lacks comprehension appropriate to his/her age will be considered as mentally disabled. This would not mean that if a person is not able to comprehend his/her studies appropriate to his/her age and is failing his/her quality examination is mentally disabled. Mentally retarded and insane persons would be treated as mentally disabled. A mentally disabled person may generally depend on his/her family members for performing daily routines. It should be left to the respondent to report whether the member of the household is mentally disabled and no tests are required to be applied by you to judge the member's disability.

97.6 If a person is disabled, enter only one of the five disabilities for that person, in codes, as given below:

1: In Seeing
2: In Speech
3: In Hearing
4: In Movement
5: Mental


97.7 Please note that a person may have two or more types of disability but only one of these is to be recorded. In such cases you will have to leave it to the respondent to decide as to the type of disability he/she wants the member of his/her household to be classified into. The disability of a person will be decided with reference to the date of enumeration. Persons with temporary disability on the date of enumeration will not be considered as disabled. For example, when a person's movement may have been restricted because of some temporary injury and he/she is likely to return to his normal state after sometime, such a person will not be treated as disabled.

97.8 The code has to be given in Column 15 (a) "Since birth" if the person has the disability from his/her birth. In other words, he/she was born with this disability. If the person got this disability after birth enter the disability code in Column 15 (b) "After birth".


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Cambodia 2013 — source variable KH2013A_DISMUTE — Disability, speech
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all persons
[Questions 10 to 25 were asked of all persons]

18. Physical/mental disability, if any:

If the person is physically/mentally disabled, give the appropriate code number from the list below. Otherwise enter 0.

Type of disability

[] 1 In seeing
[] 2 In speech
[] 3 In hearing
[] 4 In movement
[] 5 Mental retardation
[] 6 Mental illness
[] 7 Any other (specify) ____
[] 8 Multiple disability (specify by code) ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
52. Instructions for filling-in column 1 to 25 of Form B: part 2

You have to collect information in part 2 for all persons mentioned in statement 1.1 and statement 1.2 of part 1. Some of the following questions have been answered in part 1. Therefore there will be no need to ask these questions again. In such cases all you have to do is to copy the information in the appropriate column.

71. Column 18: physical/mental disability, if any

This question is a sensitive one and should be canvassed without offending the feelings of the respondent or other members of the household. The purpose of this question is to elicit the information whether the respondent has any physical/mental disability. If he/she has no such disability put (0) in column 18. The types of disabilities identified for survey purpose are given below:

71.1 In seeing:
(i). A person who cannot see at all (has no perception of light) or has blurred vision even with the help of glasses or contact lens will be considered as having disability in "Seeing" or visually disabled.
(ii) A person with proper vision only in one eye will also be treated as visually disabled
(iii)A person may have blurred vision and difficulty in seeing, but would not have tested whether her / his eye-sight would improve by using spectacles. Such persons also would be treated as visually disabled.

71.2 In speech:
(i). A person would be recorded as having speech disability, if she/he is dumb or he cannot speak at all.
(ii)A person whose speech is not understood by a listener of normal comprehension and hearing would be treated as having speech disability.
[p. 29]
(iii) A person who speaks single words only and is not able to speak in sentences has speech disability
(iv) A person who stammers to that extent that the speech cannot be understood is having speech disability.

71.3 In Hearing:
(i). A person who cannot hear at all (deaf) or can hear only loud sounds will be
considered as having hearing disability
(ii) A person who is able to hear, only by using hearing - aid will be treated as disabled
under this category.
(iii) If a person cannot hear through one ear though her/ his other ear is
functioning normally, should also be considered as having hearing disability.

71.4 In movement:
(i). If a person does not have leg/s or arm/s or hand/s or there is absence of all the fingers or toes or a thumb she/he is disabled in movement
(ii) If any part of the body is deformed (Example: hunch back), the person will be treated as disabled under this category
(iii) A person who cannot move herself/himself or without the aid of another person or without the aid of stick, wheel chair etc., will be treated as disabled under this category.
(iv)A person will be treated as disabled in movement if she /he is unable to move or lift or pick up any small article placed near her/ him.
(v) A person who may not be able to move normally because of problems of joints like arthritis and has to invariably limp while moving, will also be considered to have movement disability.
(vi)Very short statured persons (dwarfs) are considered as having movement difficulty.

71.5 Mental Retardation: This refers to
(i). A person with lower intelligence or has delayed development (walking, talking, learning etc).
(ii) One who lacks comprehension appropriate to her/ his age.
(iii)A person who has difficulty in communicating her/his needs and generally depends on her/his family members for performing daily routine.
Note: mental Retardation is generally from birth. If the person has got mental impairment at a later age, it may be mental illness

71.6 Mental Illness. This refers to:
(i). A person who exhibits unusual behavior like talking/laughing to self, staring in space, excessive fear and suspicion without reason.
(ii) A person who has problems like loss of memory, depression etc which are usually related to old age
(iii) Exhibits other symptoms indicative of mental disturbance
Note: a mentally ill person may or may not take medicines for her/his illness. It should be left to the respondent to report whether a member of the household is mentally disabled and no argument may be made on this issue.

71.7 Any other (specify)
Examples are: specific learning difficulties, Epilepsy which is not controlled and which limits daily function etc. Even if you find it difficult to categorize based on the explanation given by the person, then also write code 7.

Multiple Disabilities: this refers to a person having more than one disability described above

71.8 If a person is disabled as mentioned above enter code according to the following list:
[p. 30]
Disability code
[] 1 In seeing
[] 2 In speech
[] 3 In Hearing
[] 4 In movement
[] 5 Mental retardation
[] 6 Mental illness
[] 7 Any other (specify)
[] 8 Multiple disabilities (In this case write 8 and specify the disabilities within brackets. Example: 8(1,4) or 8 (,2,3,4), 8 (2,7-Epileptic fit), 8(4,5).

71.9. The disability of a person will be decided with reference to the date of enumeration. Persons with temporary disability on the date of enumeration will not be considered as disabled. For example, a person's movement may have been restricted because of some temporary injury and she/he is likely to return to his normal state after sometime, such a person will NOT be treated as disabled.


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Cameroon 2005 — source variable CM2005A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

16. Chronic disease, handicap
Has the person any chronic disease? _ _
Does the person have any predominant handicap? _ _ _
See code list

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

16. Chronic illness/dominant handicap


b- Handicap
A handicap is the disadvantage that a person endures due to a disability or an infirmity which prevents him from fulfilling completely or partially a task that could normally be done by a person similar to him in age, sex, and different cultural factors.

One is considered handicapped if they need the assistance of specific equipment. As such, a handicapped person is one does not have complete physical or mental autonomy.

Here is a list of basic handicaps that the 3rd RGPH has retained:

Basic terms Code
No handicap 00
Deaf 01
Mute 02
Blind 04
Leprous 08
Upper limbs disabled 16
Lower limbs disabled 32
Mental illness 64
Albino 128
Other handicap 256


-Ask the following question:
Q. Does the surveyed person have a/any handicap/s?

NB: If the handicap is clearly visible, mark it and go on to the following question.
-Mark after the vertical line the handicap code or codes, on the dotted line corresponding to the order number of the surveyed person.


[Examples omitted]

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Chile 1992 — source variable CL1992A_MUTE — Muteness
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals [applies to questions 1 to 6]


4. Do you have any of the following characteristics?

[] 1 Total blindness
[] 2 Total deafness
[] 3 Muteness
[] 4 Paralyzed or injured
[] 5 Mental deficiency

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Do you have any of the following characteristics?

Read alternatives 1 to 5 to the person being surveyed and fill in the corresponding circles. If the person doesn't have any of the characteristics listed, fill in circle 6. none.

[The above directions refer to a picture of question 4 in this section of the enumeration form.]

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Chile 2002 — source variable CL2002A_MUTE — Muteness
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals [applies to questions 17 to 23]


20. Do you have any of the following disabilities?

[] 1 Total blindness
[] 2 Total deafness
[] 3 Muteness
[] 4 Paralyzed or injured
[] 5 Mental deficiency
[] 6 None of the above

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 20

If there is more than one type of impairment, mark all that apply. [These instructions refer to a graphic of question 20 on the census form.]

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Colombia 1993 — source variable CO1993A_MUTE — Mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

F1. Ask these questions to all persons.


28. Does the person have any of these limitations?

[] 1 Blindness
[] 1 Loss of hearing
[] 1 Mute
[] 1 Retardation or mental deficiency
[] 1 Paralysis or missing upper appendages
[] 1 Paralysis or missing lower appendages
[] 2 None of the above limitations


[Numbering shown as appears in the original language form]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

F1. Ask these questions to all persons


28. Does [the respondent] have any of these limitations?

The objective of this question is to determine the number of persons with permanent limitations in the functioning of their sensory, locomotive, and mental organs.

[Below the text is a form.]

Read each of the alternatives and mark all those that in which the interviewed person answers affirmatively.

If a person answers that they have no limitations or mention something that is not included in the list, mark "none of the previous".

The option "paralysis or absence of superior members" is marked when a person is missing fingers or has lost movement of them. Also when the problem affects the hand completely, the arm or the forearm. In a similar manner, "paralysis or absence of inferior members" when the members affected are the feet or legs.


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Colombia 2005 — source variable CO2005A_LIMSPE — Permanent limitation for speech
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
39. Does [the respondent] have permanent limitations for: (basic)

39.5 Speech
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

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Costa Rica 2011 — source variable CR2011A_DISMUTE — Disability, difficulty with speaking
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
12. Does [the respondent] have a permanent limitation?? (You can mark multiple options)

[] 1 Seeing, even with glasses or contacts on
[] 2 Hearing
[] 3 Speaking
[] 4 Walking or going up steps
[] 5 Using arms or hands
[] 6 Intellectually (retarded, Down?s syndrome, other)
[] 7 Mentally (bipolar, schizophrenic, other)
[] 8 None of the above
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 12: Population with disability

12. Does [name] have a permanent limitation...? (You can mark multiple options)

[] 1 seeing, even with glasses or contacts on
[] 2 hearing
[] 3 speaking
[] 4 walking or going up steps
[] 5 using arms or hands
[] 6 intellectually (retarded, Down's syndrome, other)
[] 7 mentally (bipolar, schizophrenic, other)
[] 8 none of the above

This question is asked of all the habitual residents of the household. In the case of the babies, it should be considered that they do not have permanent limitations if there is no medical opinion that indicates otherwise.

As can be observed in this question you can mark various responses that refer to the following permanent limitations.

Speaking: this includes the people that present permanent difficulties speaking (expressing a thought orally). This excludes: the temporary problems speaking derived from some condition of shyness or stutter.


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Dominican Republic 1981 — source variable DO1981A_MUTE — Mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
39. Does the interviewed person have any of the following disabilities?
(More than one option may be marked)

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 3 Mute
[] 4 Physical disability
[] 5 Mental disability
[] 6 Doesn't have
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 39: Does the enumerated person have any of the following disabilities?

The person is asked if he has any of the disabilities found in the question. The alternatives are read and the corresponding circles are filled in.


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Dominican Republic 2002 — source variable DO2002A_MUTE — Mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
35. Does [the respondent] have any of the following disabilities? Read each option and mark cases where the answer is yes.

[] a Blind in one eye
[] b Blind in both eyes
[] c Deaf
[] d Mute
[] e Loss or permanent limitation in arm movement
[] f Loss or permanent limitation in leg movement
[] g Mental retardation or deficiency
[] h Other disability
[] I No disability (Skip to question 37)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 35: Does (NAME) have any of the following disabilities?

Read to the interviewee each option and fill in the answer every time the person says "YES". If the person answers "None", fill in the corresponding bubble and then skip to question 37.
If the person said another disability different than the ones previously read, fill in the bubble with "other disability".


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Dominican Republic 2010 — source variable DO2010A_MUTE — Mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section VI - Personal characteristics

34. Does [the respondent] have permanent difficulty with any of the following?

Read slowly all the possible answers, and fill in every time there is a "yes" or "no" accordingly.
i. Is he/she mute?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 34. Does [the respondent] have any of the following disabilities?
This question is designed to gather data about certain types of disabilities in the population. A disability is the result of a deficiency in an individual's activity or their ability to perform physically. Therefore, a disability represents a disruption in a person's level (of personal life).
Read, to the interviewee, each type of disability and fill in the bubble according to the informant's answers. Remember to read each option one by one and immediately fill in the answers accordingly.
The correct way to read the question is:

  • Does [the respondent] have permanent difficulty seeing, even though he/she uses glasses?
  • Does [the respondent] have permanent difficulty hearing, even though he/she uses a hearing aid?
  • Does [the respondent] have permanent difficult walking or climbing stairs?
  • And so on, until all questions are asked.

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Dominican Republic 2010 — source variable DO2010A_DISSPK — Permanent difficulty speaking
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section VI - Personal characteristics

34. Does [the respondent] have permanent difficulty with any of the following?

Read slowly all the possible answers, and fill in every time there is a "yes" or "no" accordingly.
h. Speaking?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 34. Does [the respondent] have any of the following disabilities?
This question is designed to gather data about certain types of disabilities in the population. A disability is the result of a deficiency in an individual's activity or their ability to perform physically. Therefore, a disability represents a disruption in a person's level (of personal life).
Read, to the interviewee, each type of disability and fill in the bubble according to the informant's answers. Remember to read each option one by one and immediately fill in the answers accordingly.
The correct way to read the question is:

  • Does [the respondent] have permanent difficulty seeing, even though he/she uses glasses?
  • Does [the respondent] have permanent difficulty hearing, even though he/she uses a hearing aid?
  • Does [the respondent] have permanent difficult walking or climbing stairs?
  • And so on, until all questions are asked.

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Egypt 1986 — source variable EG1986A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Part B: Individual data

15. Type of disability ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Handicap column number (21)
The type of the person's handicap is specified either because of impairment or more such as:
The loss of one of the eyes or both of them / the loss of one of the hands or both of them / the loss of one of the legs or both of them or the person is either deaf or mute, poliomyelitis, paralysis and handicap, mental retarded, mentally subnormal and mongolism.

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Egypt 1996 — source variable EG1996A_HANDICAP — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

15. Type of disability ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Type of disability column No.(15)
The type of the person's disability is specified either if there is a handicap or more or others example:
The loss of one of the eyes or both of them/ the loss of one of the hands or both of them/ the loss of one of the legs or both of them/ or the person is either deaf or mute/ poliomulitis/ mentally retarded or mentally subnormal/ mongolism

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El Salvador 1992 — source variable SV1992A_DISAB1 — First disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

V. Information on members of the household


1. All persons


7. Do you have any of the following disabilities?
(You may mark more than one)

[] 1 Blindness
[] 2 Deafness
[] 3 Muteness
[] 4 Mental retardation
[] 5 Paralysis or loss of use of an upper extremity
[] 6 Paralysis or loss of use of a lower extremity
[] 7 No disability

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

7. Physical conditions
Does anyone suffer from one of the following conditions?
This question should be responded to affirmatively when the impediment is total in the case of blindness, deafness and muteness, and when the loss of limbs is partial or total. If a person has more than one condition, all can be marked without limiting to one answer.


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El Salvador 1992 — source variable SV1992A_DISAB2 — Second disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

V. Information on members of the household


1. All persons


7. Do you have any of the following disabilities?
(You may mark more than one)

[] 1 Blindness
[] 2 Deafness
[] 3 Muteness
[] 4 Mental retardation
[] 5 Paralysis or loss of use of an upper extremity
[] 6 Paralysis or loss of use of a lower extremity
[] 7 No disability

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

7. Physical conditions
Does anyone suffer from one of the following conditions?
This question should be responded to affirmatively when the impediment is total in the case of blindness, deafness and muteness, and when the loss of limbs is partial or total. If a person has more than one condition, all can be marked without limiting to one answer.


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El Salvador 2007 — source variable SV2007A_DISMUTE — Limited speech
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. Do you/does the person have any permanent limitation in:


Speaking

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 5: Do you/does this person have any permanent disability in
If a person has more than one permanent disability you may circle all of them; you do not need to limit yourself to a single response. Exclude temporary disabilities caused by fractured limbs or illness.


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Ethiopia 1984 — source variable ET1984A_DISAB — Disability status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Disability status
28. Is [person] disabled? If yes, state type of disability.

____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Column 28 - Disability Status: Is [the respondent] disabled? If yes, state type of disability.

A person having physical or mental impairment or defect of a body part is said to be disabled. Generally speaking a disabled person is one who is limited in terms of performing social and economic functions fully and is unable to perform fully or partly the functions normal people can perform because his/her body part is impaired, injured or damaged. Each member of the household will be asked about his/her disability status and the response will be entered in column 28.

Some people are not happy when asked directly "Are you disabled?" Hence care has to be taken when posing this question to respondents. Instead of asking directly that the respondent is disabled, it is better to ask friendly and indirectly if the person has some kind of health problem, such as sight and hearing problems, difficulty of mobility due to problems on extremities of the body, etc. and try to understand the situation.

A person may have multiple disability conditions. Each household member has to be asked about his/her disability condition and identify the type among those listed, together with the corresponding codes 00 - 27, below and record the type in the space provided and its code in card columns 51-52.

List of Disability Types and Codes

Code: Disability Type

00 = Not Disabled
01 = Full blind
02 = One eye blind
03 = Two ears deaf
04 = One ear blind
05 = Deaf and Mute
06 = Deaf, Mute and Blind
07 = One leg amputated below knee
08 = One leg amputated above knee
09 = Two legs amputated below knee
10 = Two legs amputated above knee
11 = Both arms and legs amputated
12 = One arm amputated below elbow
13 = One arm amputated above elbow
14 = Two arms amputated below elbow
15 = Two arms amputated above elbow
16 = Limp/having only one leg/
17 = Limp/Having no leg/
18 = Mental sickness /Madness/
19 = Paralyzed /One leg/
20 = Paralyzed /Both legs/
21 = Paralyzed /One arm/
22 = Paralyzed /Both arms/
23 = Complete paralysis /Both arms and legs/
24 = paralyzed /One arm and one leg/
25 = Leprosy
26 = Epilepsy
27 = Multiple disability
28 = Other /Specify/

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Ethiopia 1994 — source variable ET1994A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section III: Detailed particulars of household members

25. Disability status

Is there a member of a household who is physically or mentally disabled? If yes, state the type.
____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Column 25: Is there a member of the household who is physically or mentally disabled?
A person is said to be disabled if, due to physical or mental injuries, he/she cannot fully perform activities that other healthy persons can do. Therefore, each regular member of a household will be asked about disability status in question 25.

Since some people are not happy to be asked whether there is a household member who is physically or mentally disabled, care should be taken when asking this question. Instead of directly asking, "are you disabled?" ask them, "do you have disability?" Then it should be born in mind that it is possible to know if they have disability or not by trying to make them understand and asking them indirectly by asking "do you have a seeing problem with your eyes? A problem with your ears, hands, legs, etc.?"

Some members may have more than one disability. Depending on the situation, by asking each regular member of the household about their disability status, identify the appropriate code for the type of disability mentioned by the member from the list of codes 00-10 given below and then, if possible, write the type of disability.

00 = Not disabled
01 = Totally blind (blind in both eye; total blindness)
02 = Partially blind (partly seeing with both eyes; totally blind in one eye; partially blind)
03 = Hearing problem (completely deaf, can partially hear with both ears, can hear only loud sounds, has one healthy ear and some problem with the other)
04 = Hearing and speaking problems, deaf and dumb (totally unable to hear and speak, partially unable to hear and speak, deaf and has speech problems, partially hearing and has speech problem)
05 = Leg problem (one leg or two legs amputated, paralyzed, one leg has problem, any other type of leg problem)
06 = Hand/arm problem (one hand or two hands amputated, paralyzed, finger cut or any other type of hand/arm problem)
07 = Hanson diseases (Leprosy)
08 = Mental problem (epilepsy, madness, self isolation, mental disturbance, nudity, unconsciousness, neglecting of self security, mental retardation)
09 = Other disability
10 = Multiple disabilities
Note: As much as possible, "other disability" (code 09) should be recorded for household members who mention a disability type different from those mentioned above in codes 01 - 08. In addition, if a household member has multiple disabilities and if one is the most severe then record the code for most severe type of disability. Otherwise, if it is not possible to differentiate, record code 10.

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Ethiopia 2007 — source variable ET2007A_DISTYPE — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section 3: Details of persons in the household

Disability status

11. If yes, what is [the respondent]'s type of difficulty or problem?

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Seeing difficulty
[] 3 Deaf
[] 4 Hearing difficulty
[] 5 Unable to speak
[] 6 Speaking difficulty
[] 7 Dear and unable to speak
[] 8 No functional upper limbs
[] 9 No functional lower limbs
[] 10 Body movement problem
[] 11 Learning difficulties
[] 12 Mental problem (go to 13)
[] 13 Other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 11:- Type of Disability or Problem?

For each household members that are identified as disabled or having mental problem under question 10, type of disability or problem should be identified and the correct code should be marked for this question. Enumerators should mark a correct response for those identified as disabled or having mental problem by associating the type of disability mentioned by respondents with the explanations given below.

List of the Type of Disability or Problem is provided below

1 = Blind:- Code 1 will be marked for those household members who mentioned that both of their eyes are blind due to accident occurred during or after birth.

2 = Have Seeing Difficulties
This refers to persons whose both eyes partly see because of the defects occurred to them during or after birth. Persons who have seeing difficulties are those who cannot count fingers with both of their eyes at a distance of two meters or those who cannot identify the feature of a person standing four meters away from them.
Note: Members who became one eye blind due to defects occurred to them and have similar problems mentioned above with the remaining eye are regarded as persons having seeing difficulties. Therefore, code 2 should be marked for disabled persons whose both eyes partly see.
3 = Deaf and those who can speak
For persons who were exposed to the problem of not hearing with both ears due to the defects occurred to them during or after birth meaning those who cannot even hear loud noise but can speak shade/mark code 3.

4 = Who have Hearing Difficulties
Code 4 will be shaded for persons who are not totally hearing with one ear and partly hear with other ear or those who hear partly with both ears due to defects that had occurred to them during or after birth Partly hearing means hearing only loud noise or not clearly hear.

5 = Dumb and those who can hear
Code 5 should be shaded for persons who became dumb/ totally unable to speak/ due to defects occurred to them during or after birth but who can hear.

6 = Have speaking Problem
Code 6 should be shaded for persons who does not speak like what normal person does or those who couldn't be clearly heard when they are speaking due to defects that had occurred to them during or after birth.

7 = Deaf and Unable to Speak
Code 7 should be shaded for persons who became deaf and dumb due to defects that had occurred to them during or after birth.

8 = Non Functioning Upper Limbs/Gripping; Stretching, .../
This refers to household members whose hands not functioning due to defects that had occurred to them during or after birth. It includes unable to use hands / for example for grasping, for writing/ due to lack of strength or weakness; feebleness, paralysis and others. These problems could be caused by problems of Nervous system, malformation of bone muscle, extremely shortened or elongated of hands. Therefore, based this explation code 8 will be shaded for those who mentioned problems related to hands or mainly related to hands.

9 = Non functioning Lower Limbs/Standing; Walking . .../
This refers to household members who cannot use their legs for various functions due to defects that had occurred to them during or after birth. It includes unable to use legs due to lack of strength or weakness; feebleness, paralysis and others. These problems could be caused by problems of nervous system, malformation of bone muscle, extremely shortened or elongated of legs. Therefore, based on this explanation code 9 will be shaded for those who mentioned problems related to legs or mainly related to legs.

10 = Body Movement Difficulties
This includes household members who due to defects that occurred to them during or after birth lost body balance for sitting, stagger, severe jerking unable to stand or move from place to place, unable to coordinate body movement /for instance eye and hand, turning neck/, unable to use body due to lack of strength,. It includes unable to use legs due to lack of strength or weakness; feebleness, paralysis and others. These problems may be caused by problems of nervous system, malformation of bone muscle, lack or extremely shortened or elongated of legs. Therefore, except problems of upper and lower limbs that are mentioned above code 10 will be shaded for those who mentioned body movement difficulties.

11= Mental Retardation
This refers to persons whose level of cognition, understanding of their surrounding social relationships and intelligence are extremely low compared to what is expected of their age. Among such people there are differences due to variations in the type and extent of injuries. Mentally retarded persons can be classified into three categories depending on their leaning capacities.
Learning Capacities
Children under this category though they have mental retardation, they can read, write and do mathematics and other subjects/ until limited grade level/. Studies show that they can attend formal education up to junior secondary level. Usually most of them cannot go beyond primary school level. Except their retardation in academic learning there are not significantly different from others.

Training Capacities
Though children under this category generally have mental retardation problem, they may have the capacity of training different skills of assisting themselves and developing social relationships. For this they need continuous training. However, it is not appropriate to force them to learn reading and writing skills as they lack the capacity.

Unable to train
This includes persons who can't help themselves and who always seek continuous and full assistances of others. They need the assistances of others in day to day routine activities such as feeding, wearing clothes and others. Besides thinking problem, some may have problems of usage of words, movement, social and emotional. Because of this, it is difficult for them to train on practical activities. After relating the situation of members' mental problem with the explanations given for mental retardation enumerators should shade code 11 if the case is verified to be mental retardation.
12 = Mental Disturbance
These are members who have no disability but have different cases related to mental problems. Thus, in question 12 enumerators should immediately shade code 12 for members identified to have mental disturbance in question 11. Enumerators should be cautious that members with mental retardation and epilepsy problems will not be considered as having mental disturbance.

13 = Others
Code 13 should be shaded for members who found to have other type of disability different from those mentioned above.
Note: When you encounter members who mention more than one disability probe the respondent to identify one which is the most severe and then shade the appropriate code.

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France 1962 — source variable FR1962A_DISAB — Nature of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons, regardless of age:

18a. If you have an impairment or permanent physical disability, please state it here:

____


Examples: blind, almost blind, deaf-mute; characterized deafness [surdite caracteriseee]. For Amputation, maiming [mutilation], paralysis: please specify. For other impairment: please specify.

18b. Is it the result of:

[] 1 A war injury
[] 2 A work accident
[] 3 Other accident
[] 4 Illness or other reason


18c. If necessary, indicate the corresponding percentage of disability: ____ %

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Guatemala 1994 — source variable GT1994A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
VII. People in the census household

7. Disability

Are you invalid or have an impediment in:

[] 1 One or both arms?
[] 2 One or both legs?
[] 3 The whole body?
Are you:
[] 4 Blind
[] 5 Deaf
[] 6 Deaf mute
[] 7 Mentally handicapped
[] 8 Without impediment
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
3.3.4 Section VII: Persons in the census household

The first seven questions sets in this section refer to family relationship, age, sex, current marital status, ethnic group, death of mother and disability.

Questions 8-12 refer to the person's migration and ethnic characteristics. Only questions 11 and 12 are for persons aged three and older.

Questions 13-15 refer to literacy, level of education and attendance at school and are intended for persons aged seven and older.

The four following questions (16-19) refer to the person's type of economic activity, principal employment, branch of activity, and occupational category. They are also intended for persons aged seven and older.

The last five questions (20-24) cover fertility, and are intended only for females aged 12 and older.

The housing form has enough space to record a maximum of ten person, and so the section is repeated an equal number of times. The information about each person who spends the night in the homeless shelter should be written in the same order as they were listed in section V, "list of persons."

If the homeless shelter has more than ten persons, use an additional form.

Section VII is designed to allow you to record the complete information about one person. Write the person's order number in the grid space according to the list in section V. Spell out completely the first names and complete surnames of each person.

7. Disability
Take note of the following definitions before you begin asking the questions in this question set.

A disability is the difficulty some people have in hearing, seeing, speaking, learning, and moving as others do. It may be from birth, illness, or any type of accident.

[A graphic of box 7 "disability," is reproduced on the left-hand side of the page.]

- Physical disability: this is the inability to move one or more parts of the body: legs, arms, trunk or head. Some people may not be able to sit down, stand up or walk.

- Sensory disability: this is the total or partial inability to see, hear, or speak. The most important categories are blind, deaf, and deaf-mute.

[p. 50]

- Mental disability: this is a person, either a child or an adult, who has difficulty learning or understanding and is less developed than he/she should be with respect to his/her age. These are people who appear not to have grown up completely. They have little heads, eyes which are far apart and small or almond-shaped, and a snub nose. They may have a small mouth and a large tongue, for which reason they keep their mouth open and the tongue hangs out, and the back of the head is flatter than normal.

Ask the respondent, "Is this person disabled" or "is this person blind, deaf, or mute, or does he/she have a mental disability?"

Note that there are more likely to be persons with disabilities among this population. Make sure you enumerate them!


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Guinea 1996 — source variable GN1996A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Resident Population (Present and Absent)
[Questions P09 to P12 were asked of the resident population.]


P10 Type of major disability or handicap
[This code is a concatenated code with 2nd adding]

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 4 Mute
[] 8 Disability in lower limbs
[] 16 Disability in upper limbs
[] 32 Multiple disability
[] 64 Other
[] No disability or handicap

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column P10: Type of major disability
One of the goals of the census is to produce statistics related to handicapped people which will serve as the government's basis in developing the nation's social policies. The central variable in determining if a person is handicapped is "Type of major disability." According to the International Classification on Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps (Classification International des Déficiences, Incapacités et Handicaps (CIDIH)) of the World Health Organization, "a handicap is the disadvantage for an individual resulting from an impairment or disability which limits that individual in fulfilling/exercising what would be considered a normal role for him/her, taking into account age, sex and socio-cultural factors.

An impairment is any loss or abnormality of a structure or a psychological, physiological or anatomical function. A disability is all loss or absence, due to an impairment, of the ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being."

[p. 41]

Defined in this way, the scope of handicaps is broad, and it is for this reason that for the purposes of the census the National Census Bureau has limited it to a certain number of broad categories of the following visible disabilities: complete blindness, complete deafness, being maimed, impairment of upper limbs, impairment of lower limbs, mental impairment. For all of the handicaps not mentioned above, the National Census Bureau provides for grouping them into a single group called "Other Disabilities." Thus it is possible to distinguish between people who are "handicapped" and those who are not in a given population.

If one counts carefully, the variable "Type of major disability," has 8 modalities/possibilities. An individual can be at the same time deaf, mute and blind, for example, and display several disabilities. Thus for each possible response there is a small box [in] which you should mark an "x" if the person displays the corresponding handicap. Otherwise, do not write anything in the box. The 8 modalities/possibilities are as follows:

1) Av: Blind (completely blind)
2) So: Deaf (completely deaf)
3) Mu: Mute (completely mute)
4) IMI: Impairment in one or both upper limbs
5) IMS: Impairment in one or both lower limbs
6) DM: Mental impairment
7) Aut: Other handicap
8) SH: No handicap

Example 1:
Case of a blind person
Av X
So
IMS
IMI
MU
DM
AUT
SH
/ / /

Example 2:
Case of a person with one eye and one arm
Av
So
IMS X
IMI
MU
DM
AUT X
SH
/ / /

Example 3:
Case of a normal person
Av
So
IMS
IMI
MU
DM
AUT
SH X
/ / /

When the person being enumerated is in front of you, it is possible to see if he/she is blind, deaf, mute, disabled or not during the interview. As a result your approach and the type of questions you should ask are largely determined by the circumstances of the interview.

A very easy question, one which is perhaps a little too lengthy and might often give rise to smiles, is to ask a series of 7 questions to verify if the person being enumerated is affected or not in each of the 7 categories of handicap mentioned in the questionnaire. If all of the responses are negative, all of the corresponding boxes should remain empty, and the person is normal, so put an "x" in the box corresponding to "no handicap" (SH).

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Guinea 2014 — source variable GN2014A_DISAB — Major disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
III. Individual characteristics

[Questions 9-12 were asked of present or absent residents]

P12. Major disability

Does [the respondent] have a major disability?

If yes, which? Enter the appropriate code; if no, enter 0.

[] 0 No major disability
[] 1 Invalid in lower body parts
[] 2 Invalid in upper body parts
[] 3 Blind
[] 4 Mute
[] 5 Deaf
[] 6 Deaf-mute
[] 7 Mentally disabled
[] 8 Deformed
[] 9 Albino

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Haiti 2003 — source variable HT2003A_MUTE — Disability, mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

10. Does this person have a disability? (Check off as many boxes as apply)
[] 01 No disability
[] 02 Blind
[] 03 Deaf
[] 04 Mute
[] 05 Upper limbs
[] 06 Lower limbs
[] 07 Mentally retarded
[] 08 Mental illness [problème mental]
[] 09 Other


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Indonesia 1980 — source variable ID1980A_DISTYPE — Type of handicap
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
All persons
VII. Characteristics of individual household members


17. Handicapped?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (go to question 19)


18. Type of handicap

[Question 18 was asked of persons who are handicapped, per question 17.]

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf/mute
[] 4 Physical
[] 8 Mental


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Iran 2006 — source variable IR2006A_DISAB1 — Disability status (first)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

40. Physical disability
[For all members of the household]
Does any member of the household have at least one of the following?
[Question 40 provides three columns to insert up to three disabilities for each household member]

[] 0 None
[] 1 Blindness
[] 2 Deafness
[] 3 Speech and voice disorder
[] 4 Hand amputation
[] 5 Hand impairment
[] 6 Leg amputation
[] 7 Leg impairment
[] 8 Torso impairment
[] 9 Mental disorder

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

29. Disability status, Columns 40/1 to 40/3
In this column, some specific types of disability should be recorded. These kinds of disabilities might be a result of disease, war, accident or congenital. Read the cases for the respondent in the order written in the questionnaire and ask them whether there is a person in the household who is facing at least one of these disabilities.
If none of the members of the household have any disability conditions, mark the box 2 ("No") and leave all the columns corresponding to this question blank. But if some of the members have at least one of the listed disabilities, mark box 1 ("Yes") and ask the respondent to specify the disabled person and the type of their disability. After identifying the disabled persons, write the corresponding code or codes to the type of disability in columns 40/1 to 40/3 and for other members of the household who do not have any of the disabilities listed, mark the column 40/1 with "--" and leave Columns 40/2 and 40/3 blank.
In case the disabilities listed in this column are not apparent enough for the respondent and s/he has difficulties identifying them, help them as follows:
[] 1, Blind: is referring to someone who has lost the sight of both eyes and cannot see, even with the help of a tool like glasses, or their ability to see is only enough for them to identify light around them but cannot recognize any movement farther than one meter (3 feet). Assign code 1 to a blind person, based on the above explanation.
[] 2, Deaf: a deaf person is someone who is not able to hear anything even with the help of a device like a hearing aid. In fact, a deaf person has no reactions even to a very loud sound like a shout. Assign code 2 to a deaf person.
[] 3, Speech and voice disorder: a speech and voice disorder means any kind of weakness in speaking or making sounds by throat in a normal and natural way. Some examples of speech and voice disorders are as follow:
- Those who are unable to speak (mute).
- Those who speak with involuntary pauses or repetitions (speech impediment).
- Those who due to a larynx defect, disease or any other reason are not able to make a natural sound from their throat, their voice breaks off or their voice is completely different than that of a normal one, like men whose voices are delicate because of a throat surgery.
- Those whose speaking is not fluent and smooth due to mental problems.

For any members of the household who have a speech and voice disorder, assign code 3.
[] 4, Hand amputation: the loss of thumb or other four fingers together or arm amputation from any point lower than the shoulder in any of the arms is considered as a hand amputation. For any member who has an amputation in a part of their hand/arm, assign code 4.
[] 5, Hand impairment: hand impairment means a shortage of performance or any deformation in the hand, forearm, elbow, arm or shoulder in any of the arms. Examples of hand impairment are as follow:
- Hand paralysis
- Loss of the pointing finger (note that the loss of other fingers besides the pointing finger and thumb is not considered as a hand impairment.)
- Any type of deformation of the arm like thinness or shortness compared to the normal condition, etc.
- Any kind of deficiency in performance in holding objects.

For any member who has an impairment in the arm, assign code 5.
- Note that since mentioning only "hand impairment" is not sufficient for the respondent to distinguish it from hand amputation, it is necessary to explain the examples for him.

[] 6, Leg amputation: leg amputation means the loss of toes, ankle, knee or thigh in any of the legs. In other words, any kind of loss lower than the pelvis in any of the legs is leg amputation. For any member who has a leg amputation, write code 6.
[] 7, Leg impairment: leg impairment means a shortage of performance or deformation of the toes, ankle, knee, thigh or pelvis in any of the legs. Examples of leg impairment are as follows:
- Leg paralysis
- Any unusual shape of the leg like shortness compared to the other leg, abnormal thinness, etc.
- Any type of deficiency in performance of the leg such as imbalance in walking (staggering), etc.

For any member who has a leg impairment, assign code 7. Since the phrase "leg impairment" is not sufficient for the respondent to distinguish it from leg amputation, it is necessary to explain some examples to them.
[] 8, Torso impairment: torso means the part of the body including the neck, back and chest and torso impairment means any deformation or deficiency in performance of the skeletal and muscular structure of the torso. Examples are as follows:
- Torso paralysis, meaning that the person is not able to change the position of the torso (for instance from resting to sitting, from sitting to standing) due to a general torso paralysis.
- Any deformation or deficiency in performance of the spinal column, like deflection of the spinal column to the sides or to the front (crooked back).
- Torso prolapsed, meaning that the person is not able to hold the body straight.

In case of disabilities related to the impairment of the hand, leg and torso, note the following:
- Those having myeloid impairment, based on the aspects of their impairment, are facing one or more of the hand, leg or torso impairments.
- Those having myeloid impairment in the bottom of the torso are mostly facing leg paralysis and those having myeloid impairment in their chest and neck are usually facing hand, leg and torso impairment.
- For any member having torso impairment, consider code 8.

[] 9, Mental disorder: a person has a mental disorder if their IQ is less than normal so that they have retardation. These people are weaker than others of the same age in learning and are dependent and in need of others for their daily personal matters. If a member of the household has a mental disorder based on the answer of the respondent, consider code 9 for them.
- Note that those studying in Special Children Schools (mentally retarded) and those who are under particular care in special organizations for mentally retarded people should be considered as having mental disorders.

To fill these columns, pay attention to the following:
Any person having a disability can have one or more types of disabilities. Therefore, Columns 40/1 to 40/3 are designed to record a maximum of three disabilities.
- If someone has only one kind of disability, write the code in column 40/1 and mark other columns with "--". For instance, for someone whose leg is amputated from their knee, write code "6" in column 40/1 and mark columns 40/2 and 40/3 with "--".
- If someone has two kinds of disabilities, write the codes in columns 40/1 and 40/2 and mark column 40/3 with "--". For example, for a deaf person who also has a speech disorder, write down code 2 in Column 40/1, code 3 in Column 40/2 and mark column 40/3 with "--".
- If a person has 3 types of the listed disabilities, write the codes in Columns 40/1 to 40/3. For instance, for someone who is completely paralyzed and is unable to move the arm, leg and torso, write codes 5, 7, and 8 in Columns 40/1 , 40/2, and 40/3. For someone who is blind, deaf and mute, put down codes 1, 2, and 3 in the mentioned columns.
- If a person's disabilities are more than 3 of the listed, identify the three of them that limit the person's life the most and write the corresponding codes in these columns.


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Iran 2006 — source variable IR2006A_DISAB2 — Disability status (second)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

40. Physical disability
[For all members of the household]
Does any member of the household have at least one of the following?
[Question 40 provides three columns to insert up to three disabilities for each household member]

[] 0 None
[] 1 Blindness
[] 2 Deafness
[] 3 Speech and voice disorder
[] 4 Hand amputation
[] 5 Hand impairment
[] 6 Leg amputation
[] 7 Leg impairment
[] 8 Torso impairment
[] 9 Mental disorder

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

29. Disability status, Columns 40/1 to 40/3
In this column, some specific types of disability should be recorded. These kinds of disabilities might be a result of disease, war, accident or congenital. Read the cases for the respondent in the order written in the questionnaire and ask them whether there is a person in the household who is facing at least one of these disabilities.
If none of the members of the household have any disability conditions, mark the box 2 ("No") and leave all the columns corresponding to this question blank. But if some of the members have at least one of the listed disabilities, mark box 1 ("Yes") and ask the respondent to specify the disabled person and the type of their disability. After identifying the disabled persons, write the corresponding code or codes to the type of disability in columns 40/1 to 40/3 and for other members of the household who do not have any of the disabilities listed, mark the column 40/1 with "--" and leave Columns 40/2 and 40/3 blank.
In case the disabilities listed in this column are not apparent enough for the respondent and s/he has difficulties identifying them, help them as follows:
[] 1, Blind: is referring to someone who has lost the sight of both eyes and cannot see, even with the help of a tool like glasses, or their ability to see is only enough for them to identify light around them but cannot recognize any movement farther than one meter (3 feet). Assign code 1 to a blind person, based on the above explanation.
[] 2, Deaf: a deaf person is someone who is not able to hear anything even with the help of a device like a hearing aid. In fact, a deaf person has no reactions even to a very loud sound like a shout. Assign code 2 to a deaf person.
[] 3, Speech and voice disorder: a speech and voice disorder means any kind of weakness in speaking or making sounds by throat in a normal and natural way. Some examples of speech and voice disorders are as follow:
- Those who are unable to speak (mute).
- Those who speak with involuntary pauses or repetitions (speech impediment).
- Those who due to a larynx defect, disease or any other reason are not able to make a natural sound from their throat, their voice breaks off or their voice is completely different than that of a normal one, like men whose voices are delicate because of a throat surgery.
- Those whose speaking is not fluent and smooth due to mental problems.

For any members of the household who have a speech and voice disorder, assign code 3.
[] 4, Hand amputation: the loss of thumb or other four fingers together or arm amputation from any point lower than the shoulder in any of the arms is considered as a hand amputation. For any member who has an amputation in a part of their hand/arm, assign code 4.
[] 5, Hand impairment: hand impairment means a shortage of performance or any deformation in the hand, forearm, elbow, arm or shoulder in any of the arms. Examples of hand impairment are as follow:
- Hand paralysis
- Loss of the pointing finger (note that the loss of other fingers besides the pointing finger and thumb is not considered as a hand impairment.)
- Any type of deformation of the arm like thinness or shortness compared to the normal condition, etc.
- Any kind of deficiency in performance in holding objects.

For any member who has an impairment in the arm, assign code 5.
- Note that since mentioning only "hand impairment" is not sufficient for the respondent to distinguish it from hand amputation, it is necessary to explain the examples for him.

[] 6, Leg amputation: leg amputation means the loss of toes, ankle, knee or thigh in any of the legs. In other words, any kind of loss lower than the pelvis in any of the legs is leg amputation. For any member who has a leg amputation, write code 6.
[] 7, Leg impairment: leg impairment means a shortage of performance or deformation of the toes, ankle, knee, thigh or pelvis in any of the legs. Examples of leg impairment are as follows:
- Leg paralysis
- Any unusual shape of the leg like shortness compared to the other leg, abnormal thinness, etc.
- Any type of deficiency in performance of the leg such as imbalance in walking (staggering), etc.

For any member who has a leg impairment, assign code 7. Since the phrase "leg impairment" is not sufficient for the respondent to distinguish it from leg amputation, it is necessary to explain some examples to them.
[] 8, Torso impairment: torso means the part of the body including the neck, back and chest and torso impairment means any deformation or deficiency in performance of the skeletal and muscular structure of the torso. Examples are as follows:
- Torso paralysis, meaning that the person is not able to change the position of the torso (for instance from resting to sitting, from sitting to standing) due to a general torso paralysis.
- Any deformation or deficiency in performance of the spinal column, like deflection of the spinal column to the sides or to the front (crooked back).
- Torso prolapsed, meaning that the person is not able to hold the body straight.

In case of disabilities related to the impairment of the hand, leg and torso, note the following:
- Those having myeloid impairment, based on the aspects of their impairment, are facing one or more of the hand, leg or torso impairments.
- Those having myeloid impairment in the bottom of the torso are mostly facing leg paralysis and those having myeloid impairment in their chest and neck are usually facing hand, leg and torso impairment.
- For any member having torso impairment, consider code 8.

[] 9, Mental disorder: a person has a mental disorder if their IQ is less than normal so that they have retardation. These people are weaker than others of the same age in learning and are dependent and in need of others for their daily personal matters. If a member of the household has a mental disorder based on the answer of the respondent, consider code 9 for them.
- Note that those studying in Special Children Schools (mentally retarded) and those who are under particular care in special organizations for mentally retarded people should be considered as having mental disorders.

To fill these columns, pay attention to the following:
Any person having a disability can have one or more types of disabilities. Therefore, Columns 40/1 to 40/3 are designed to record a maximum of three disabilities.
- If someone has only one kind of disability, write the code in column 40/1 and mark other columns with "--". For instance, for someone whose leg is amputated from their knee, write code "6" in column 40/1 and mark columns 40/2 and 40/3 with "--".
- If someone has two kinds of disabilities, write the codes in columns 40/1 and 40/2 and mark column 40/3 with "--". For example, for a deaf person who also has a speech disorder, write down code 2 in Column 40/1, code 3 in Column 40/2 and mark column 40/3 with "--".
- If a person has 3 types of the listed disabilities, write the codes in Columns 40/1 to 40/3. For instance, for someone who is completely paralyzed and is unable to move the arm, leg and torso, write codes 5, 7, and 8 in Columns 40/1 , 40/2, and 40/3. For someone who is blind, deaf and mute, put down codes 1, 2, and 3 in the mentioned columns.
- If a person's disabilities are more than 3 of the listed, identify the three of them that limit the person's life the most and write the corresponding codes in these columns.


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Iran 2006 — source variable IR2006A_DISAB3 — Disability status (third)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

40. Physical disability
[For all members of the household]
Does any member of the household have at least one of the following?
[Question 40 provides three columns to insert up to three disabilities for each household member]

[] 0 None
[] 1 Blindness
[] 2 Deafness
[] 3 Speech and voice disorder
[] 4 Hand amputation
[] 5 Hand impairment
[] 6 Leg amputation
[] 7 Leg impairment
[] 8 Torso impairment
[] 9 Mental disorder

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

29. Disability status, Columns 40/1 to 40/3
In this column, some specific types of disability should be recorded. These kinds of disabilities might be a result of disease, war, accident or congenital. Read the cases for the respondent in the order written in the questionnaire and ask them whether there is a person in the household who is facing at least one of these disabilities.
If none of the members of the household have any disability conditions, mark the box 2 ("No") and leave all the columns corresponding to this question blank. But if some of the members have at least one of the listed disabilities, mark box 1 ("Yes") and ask the respondent to specify the disabled person and the type of their disability. After identifying the disabled persons, write the corresponding code or codes to the type of disability in columns 40/1 to 40/3 and for other members of the household who do not have any of the disabilities listed, mark the column 40/1 with "--" and leave Columns 40/2 and 40/3 blank.
In case the disabilities listed in this column are not apparent enough for the respondent and s/he has difficulties identifying them, help them as follows:
[] 1, Blind: is referring to someone who has lost the sight of both eyes and cannot see, even with the help of a tool like glasses, or their ability to see is only enough for them to identify light around them but cannot recognize any movement farther than one meter (3 feet). Assign code 1 to a blind person, based on the above explanation.
[] 2, Deaf: a deaf person is someone who is not able to hear anything even with the help of a device like a hearing aid. In fact, a deaf person has no reactions even to a very loud sound like a shout. Assign code 2 to a deaf person.
[] 3, Speech and voice disorder: a speech and voice disorder means any kind of weakness in speaking or making sounds by throat in a normal and natural way. Some examples of speech and voice disorders are as follow:
- Those who are unable to speak (mute).
- Those who speak with involuntary pauses or repetitions (speech impediment).
- Those who due to a larynx defect, disease or any other reason are not able to make a natural sound from their throat, their voice breaks off or their voice is completely different than that of a normal one, like men whose voices are delicate because of a throat surgery.
- Those whose speaking is not fluent and smooth due to mental problems.

For any members of the household who have a speech and voice disorder, assign code 3.
[] 4, Hand amputation: the loss of thumb or other four fingers together or arm amputation from any point lower than the shoulder in any of the arms is considered as a hand amputation. For any member who has an amputation in a part of their hand/arm, assign code 4.
[] 5, Hand impairment: hand impairment means a shortage of performance or any deformation in the hand, forearm, elbow, arm or shoulder in any of the arms. Examples of hand impairment are as follow:
- Hand paralysis
- Loss of the pointing finger (note that the loss of other fingers besides the pointing finger and thumb is not considered as a hand impairment.)
- Any type of deformation of the arm like thinness or shortness compared to the normal condition, etc.
- Any kind of deficiency in performance in holding objects.

For any member who has an impairment in the arm, assign code 5.
- Note that since mentioning only "hand impairment" is not sufficient for the respondent to distinguish it from hand amputation, it is necessary to explain the examples for him.

[] 6, Leg amputation: leg amputation means the loss of toes, ankle, knee or thigh in any of the legs. In other words, any kind of loss lower than the pelvis in any of the legs is leg amputation. For any member who has a leg amputation, write code 6.
[] 7, Leg impairment: leg impairment means a shortage of performance or deformation of the toes, ankle, knee, thigh or pelvis in any of the legs. Examples of leg impairment are as follows:
- Leg paralysis
- Any unusual shape of the leg like shortness compared to the other leg, abnormal thinness, etc.
- Any type of deficiency in performance of the leg such as imbalance in walking (staggering), etc.

For any member who has a leg impairment, assign code 7. Since the phrase "leg impairment" is not sufficient for the respondent to distinguish it from leg amputation, it is necessary to explain some examples to them.
[] 8, Torso impairment: torso means the part of the body including the neck, back and chest and torso impairment means any deformation or deficiency in performance of the skeletal and muscular structure of the torso. Examples are as follows:
- Torso paralysis, meaning that the person is not able to change the position of the torso (for instance from resting to sitting, from sitting to standing) due to a general torso paralysis.
- Any deformation or deficiency in performance of the spinal column, like deflection of the spinal column to the sides or to the front (crooked back).
- Torso prolapsed, meaning that the person is not able to hold the body straight.

In case of disabilities related to the impairment of the hand, leg and torso, note the following:
- Those having myeloid impairment, based on the aspects of their impairment, are facing one or more of the hand, leg or torso impairments.
- Those having myeloid impairment in the bottom of the torso are mostly facing leg paralysis and those having myeloid impairment in their chest and neck are usually facing hand, leg and torso impairment.
- For any member having torso impairment, consider code 8.

[] 9, Mental disorder: a person has a mental disorder if their IQ is less than normal so that they have retardation. These people are weaker than others of the same age in learning and are dependent and in need of others for their daily personal matters. If a member of the household has a mental disorder based on the answer of the respondent, consider code 9 for them.
- Note that those studying in Special Children Schools (mentally retarded) and those who are under particular care in special organizations for mentally retarded people should be considered as having mental disorders.

To fill these columns, pay attention to the following:
Any person having a disability can have one or more types of disabilities. Therefore, Columns 40/1 to 40/3 are designed to record a maximum of three disabilities.
- If someone has only one kind of disability, write the code in column 40/1 and mark other columns with "--". For instance, for someone whose leg is amputated from their knee, write code "6" in column 40/1 and mark columns 40/2 and 40/3 with "--".
- If someone has two kinds of disabilities, write the codes in columns 40/1 and 40/2 and mark column 40/3 with "--". For example, for a deaf person who also has a speech disorder, write down code 2 in Column 40/1, code 3 in Column 40/2 and mark column 40/3 with "--".
- If a person has 3 types of the listed disabilities, write the codes in Columns 40/1 to 40/3. For instance, for someone who is completely paralyzed and is unable to move the arm, leg and torso, write codes 5, 7, and 8 in Columns 40/1 , 40/2, and 40/3. For someone who is blind, deaf and mute, put down codes 1, 2, and 3 in the mentioned columns.
- If a person's disabilities are more than 3 of the listed, identify the three of them that limit the person's life the most and write the corresponding codes in these columns.


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Iraq 1997 — source variable IQ1997A_HANDICAP — Kind of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The fields (71, 72) are filled for all handicapped persons without recognition to the sex or age.


71. Type of disability

[] 1 No hearing
[] 2 Dumb
[] 3 No hearing and dumb
[] 4 Lost one eye
[] 5 Lost both eyes
[] 6 Lost one leg
[] 7 Lost both legs
[] 8 Lost one hand
[] 9 Lost both hands
[] 10 Insane
[] 11 Paralysis
[] 12 Others ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

71. The type of Handicapped:
Indicated by the sign (x) in the square opposite to the type of handicapped the person had. If the person is blind the sign is put in the square opposite to the phrase (lost 2 eyes) if one of his legs is cut the sign is put in the square opposite to the phrase (lost 1 leg), if the person has lost one leg and one eye at the same time the state is recorded in the special space for that and so on.

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Israel 1983 — source variable IL1983A_LANG1 — Primary or only language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 1-28 were asked of household members aged 15 years or older]

Languages spoken
[Question 13]


13. What language(s) do you speak daily?

Do not report a language you know, if you do not speak it daily

____ Principal or sole language
____ Second language (if any)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

15. Question 13 - languages spoken

Since Israel is an immigration country, many different languages are spoken in it. The purpose of the question is to evaluate the extent of use in each language.

Explanations: Languages spoken
[Instructions refer to a graphic of the census form including question 13.]

In answer to this question, specify the main language spoken by the person in everyday life.

If a person speaks more than one language in everyday life, register first -- as "only or main language" the language which he/she speaks more than any other language. As "second language" -- register the second language he/she speaks in everyday life.
Do not register more than two languages.

Notice!
Register only languages spoken in everyday life. Do not register languages the person speaks but does not use as an everyday spoken language.

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Jamaica 1991 — source variable JM1991A_DISTYP — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

3.7. Do you / does [the respondent] suffer from any long standing illness, disability or infirmity?
[] Yes
[] No (Go to Question 4.1)
[] Not stated


3.8. Does this limit your / [the respondent's] activities compared with most people of the same age?

[] Yes
[] No (go to Question 4.1)
[] Not stated


3.9. What type of disability of impairment do you / does [the respondent] have?

[] Sight only
[] Hearing only
[] Speech only
[] Physical disability only
[] Multiple disability
[] Slowness at learning or understanding
[] Mental retardation
[] Mental illness
[] Other (specify) ______
[] Not stated

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 3 - Characteristics

Questions 3.1 - 3.10 which comprise Section 3 provide some basic characteristics about the individual and are to be answered for all members of the household.


5.43 Question 3.7-3.10 General
These questions seek to determine whether the respondent has a physical or mental disability. In order to set the respondent at ease before asking these questions which might be seen as sensitive, begin by saying: "Now I would like to ask you some questions about any difficulty which you (or other members of the household) might have in carrying out every day activities due to mental or physical problems."

Disability - is defined as any restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being. Such restriction or lack of ability must be as a result of an impairment. A person has an impairment if he or she has suffered any loss or abnormality of mind or body.


5.44 Question 3.9 Type of Disability
The categories are for the most part self-explanatory.

Physical Disability only - score this if the person's only impairment is the loss of use of parts of the body e.g. arms, legs.

Multiple Disability - score this for any combination of impairments.

Slowness at Learning or Understanding - score this only for persons who have been medically tested and found to be 'slow'.

Mental Retardation - it is very important to distinguish between mental retardation and mental illness. Mental Retardation exists where the person is born with a mental problem. Score this where it has been determined that the disease is one with which the person was born.

Mental Illness - is an illness acquired after birth.


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Jamaica 1991 — source variable JM1991A_CHRONIC — Illness, disability, infirmity status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

3.7. Do you / does [the respondent] suffer from any long standing illness, disability or infirmity?
[] Yes
[] No (Go to Question 4.1)
[] Not stated

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 3 - Characteristics

Questions 3.1 - 3.10 which comprise Section 3 provide some basic characteristics about the individual and are to be answered for all members of the household.


5.43 Question 3.7-3.10 General
These questions seek to determine whether the respondent has a physical or mental disability. In order to set the respondent at ease before asking these questions which might be seen as sensitive, begin by saying: "Now I would like to ask you some questions about any difficulty which you (or other members of the household) might have in carrying out every day activities due to mental or physical problems."

Disability - is defined as any restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being. Such restriction or lack of ability must be as a result of an impairment. A person has an impairment if he or she has suffered any loss or abnormality of mind or body.


5.44 Question 3.9 Type of Disability
The categories are for the most part self-explanatory.

Physical Disability only - score this if the person's only impairment is the loss of use of parts of the body e.g. arms, legs.

Multiple Disability - score this for any combination of impairments.

Slowness at Learning or Understanding - score this only for persons who have been medically tested and found to be 'slow'.

Mental Retardation - it is very important to distinguish between mental retardation and mental illness. Mental Retardation exists where the person is born with a mental problem. Score this where it has been determined that the disease is one with which the person was born.

Mental Illness - is an illness acquired after birth.


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Jamaica 2001 — source variable JM2001A_DISTYPE — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 1.9 - 1.13 were asked of all persons]


1.13 What type of disability do you/does [the respondent] have?

[] 0 Sight only
[] 1 Hearing only
[] 2 Speech only
[] 3 Physical disability only
[] 4 Multiple disability
[] 5 Slowness of learning
[] 6 Mental retardation
[] 7 Mental illness
[] 8 Other
[] 9 Not stated

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.49 Questions l.9-1.13: General
These questions seek to determine whether the respondent suffers from any chronic illness and or has a physical or mental disability. In order to set the respondent at ease before asking these questions which might be seen as very sensitive, begin by saying: "Now I would like to ask you some questions about any difficulty that you (or other members of the household) might have in carrying out everyday activities due to illness and to mental or physical problems."


[Question 1.9 is missing from the original document]


5.51 Question 1.13: Type of disability

The categories are self-explanatory. Note however the following:

Sight only: Score this for persons who are blind (only) or almost blind, indicating that the impairment is at a stage where even wearing eye glasses would not help.

Physical disability: Score this if the person's only impairment is the loss of use of parts of the body: e.g., arms.

Multiple disabilities: Score this for any combination of impairments.

Slowness of learning or understanding: Score this only for persons who have been subjected to testing and found to be slow at learning or understanding simple instructions.

Mental retardation: Score this for persons who function intellectually below a level regarded as normal for their age. In most cases the motor skills, language skills, and self-help skills develop at a much slower rate than in their peers. These persons exhibit decreased learning ability and are generally unable to meet the educational demands of school.

Mental illness: This could range from depression to insanity. In many instances persons suffering from some type of mental illness are able to function normally but require medication.


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Kenya 2009 — source variable KE2009A_DISAB1 — Disability 1
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C: Information regarding persons with disability
[Questions P-37 and P-38 were asked of all individuals.]


P-37. What type of disability does [person] have?

[] 1 Visual
[] 2 Hearing
[] 3 Speech
[] 4 Physical
[] 5 Mental
[] 6 Self care
[] 7 Others
[] 8 None

List not more than three.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
32. Section C: Information regarding disability

Columns P37 to P38 contain questions pertaining to disabilities. These questions are to be asked of the head of the household or any other responsible person.

32.1 Introduction

Questions regarding disabilities have to be asked very carefully and with caution. You should not ask "Do you have a disability, or are you disabled, or are you blind, or deaf" nor "are you lame?'. This will generate very low rates of response because you will not get the correct answer. The word "disability" is regarded negatively in most communities particularly in developing countries. People may feel stigmatized or be ashamed to be identified as having a disability. In some cultures, disability is seen as punishment for sins committed in previous lives.
Also, even if people do not feel stigmatized, the word "disability" often implies a very significant condition. Persons who can walk around their homes but are unable to walk to the market may perceive their situation as not severe enough to be considered as having a disability.
Disability is interpreted relative to what is considered normal functioning (or different). This may vary across various cultures, age groups, or social class.

32.2 Definition of disability

The Disability Act 2003 defines disability as: physical, sensory, mental, or other impairment, including a visual, hearing or physical disability, which has a substantial long term adverse effect on a person's ability to carry out usual day to day activities. Disability is, therefore, viewed as a physical, mental, or psychological condition or impairment that substantially affects a person's daily activities or limits a person's ability to perform one or more basic life activities (referred to as activities of daily life? ADL) such as caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, earning a living, or working and interacting with other persons.
In this context, activities refer to a wide range of deliberate actions performed by an individual as opposed to particular body functions or structures. These are basic deliberate actions undertaken in order to accomplish a task such as dressing or feeding oneself.
In the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census we will classify one as having a disability if they have any of the following: visual, hearing and speech impairment; physical, mental and other disabilities, and self?care difficulties.

32.3 Types of disabilities

- Visual impairment
Visual impairment describes the various degrees of vision loss. A person is considered to have an eyesight or vision disability if he/she doesn't have normal vision even if he/she wears eyeglasses or contact lenses. Visual impairments are caused by injury, disease, through accident, muscular degeneration or cataracts or are congenital. Congenital blindness could be noted at birth or within the first five years of life. Vision impairment can be treated by medicines and therapies though impairments caused by birth or accident are less likely to cure.

- Hearing impairment
Hearing impairment refers to complete deafness or partial hearing in one or both ears. Hearing impairment can be caused by birth or are due to inheritance. In some cases extremely high frequency sound waves may also cause hearing disability. Persons who are able to hear well with the aid of devices are not considered to be having this disability.

- Physical disability
Physical or mobility impairment refers to difficulties in moving (i.e. walking, climbing stairs, using hands, sitting upright or standing). This disability restricts one's physical movement, say body movement, or paralysis of legs, hands, or the whole body. Persons with this type of disability can use assistive equipment and supportive devices that assist them to move around.

- Mental disability
Mental disability affects people's ability to perform activities like other people of similar age groups. They may have difficulty in remembering things or concentrating on what he/she is performing. It includes many different functions such as our abilities to pay attention, learn and retain information, solve problems, and use language to express thoughts. This disability hampers clear thoughts in the mind. It also exhibits problems in comprehending any new ideas or opinions or finding solutions and therefore restrains a person from learning or even coordinating functions/activities.

- Self-care difficulties
This refers to difficulties in dressing, bathing, eating, grooming and hygiene, toileting or getting around the home or inside the home. The difficulties may have arisen as a result of other disabilities or impairments. These types of difficulties maybe present in most disabilities. It may be more pronounced in mental disabilities and severe physical disabilities. The question on self? care disability should be asked of all persons.

- Speech impairment
Speech and language disorders refer to problems in communication or difficulties in producing oral speech sounds or problems with voice quality. They might be characterized by an interruption in the flow or rhythm of speech, such as stammering. These delays and disorders range from simple sound substitutions to the inability to understand or use language. Some causes of speech and language disorders include hearing loss, brain injury, learning disability, substance abuse, physical impairments such as cleft lip (deformed lip) or palate, and vocal abuse or misuse. Persons with speech disabilities are often not able to communicate well with others.

- Other disabilities
This refers to any other disability not mentioned or covered above. These could be any of the following: albinism, epilepsy, autism, or chronic health conditions/ailments of more than six months etc. e.g. mental illnesses, cancer.

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Kenya 2009 — source variable KE2009A_DISAB2 — Disability 2
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C: Information regarding persons with disability
[Questions P-37 and P-38 were asked of all individuals.]


P-37. What type of disability does [person] have?

[] 1 Visual
[] 2 Hearing
[] 3 Speech
[] 4 Physical
[] 5 Mental
[] 6 Self care
[] 7 Others
[] 8 None

List not more than three.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
32. Section C: Information regarding disability

Columns P37 to P38 contain questions pertaining to disabilities. These questions are to be asked of the head of the household or any other responsible person.

32.1 Introduction

Questions regarding disabilities have to be asked very carefully and with caution. You should not ask "Do you have a disability, or are you disabled, or are you blind, or deaf" nor "are you lame?'. This will generate very low rates of response because you will not get the correct answer. The word "disability" is regarded negatively in most communities particularly in developing countries. People may feel stigmatized or be ashamed to be identified as having a disability. In some cultures, disability is seen as punishment for sins committed in previous lives.
Also, even if people do not feel stigmatized, the word "disability" often implies a very significant condition. Persons who can walk around their homes but are unable to walk to the market may perceive their situation as not severe enough to be considered as having a disability.
Disability is interpreted relative to what is considered normal functioning (or different). This may vary across various cultures, age groups, or social class.

32.2 Definition of disability

The Disability Act 2003 defines disability as: physical, sensory, mental, or other impairment, including a visual, hearing or physical disability, which has a substantial long term adverse effect on a person's ability to carry out usual day to day activities. Disability is, therefore, viewed as a physical, mental, or psychological condition or impairment that substantially affects a person's daily activities or limits a person's ability to perform one or more basic life activities (referred to as activities of daily life? ADL) such as caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, earning a living, or working and interacting with other persons.
In this context, activities refer to a wide range of deliberate actions performed by an individual as opposed to particular body functions or structures. These are basic deliberate actions undertaken in order to accomplish a task such as dressing or feeding oneself.
In the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census we will classify one as having a disability if they have any of the following: visual, hearing and speech impairment; physical, mental and other disabilities, and self?care difficulties.

32.3 Types of disabilities

- Visual impairment
Visual impairment describes the various degrees of vision loss. A person is considered to have an eyesight or vision disability if he/she doesn't have normal vision even if he/she wears eyeglasses or contact lenses. Visual impairments are caused by injury, disease, through accident, muscular degeneration or cataracts or are congenital. Congenital blindness could be noted at birth or within the first five years of life. Vision impairment can be treated by medicines and therapies though impairments caused by birth or accident are less likely to cure.

- Hearing impairment
Hearing impairment refers to complete deafness or partial hearing in one or both ears. Hearing impairment can be caused by birth or are due to inheritance. In some cases extremely high frequency sound waves may also cause hearing disability. Persons who are able to hear well with the aid of devices are not considered to be having this disability.

- Physical disability
Physical or mobility impairment refers to difficulties in moving (i.e. walking, climbing stairs, using hands, sitting upright or standing). This disability restricts one's physical movement, say body movement, or paralysis of legs, hands, or the whole body. Persons with this type of disability can use assistive equipment and supportive devices that assist them to move around.

- Mental disability
Mental disability affects people's ability to perform activities like other people of similar age groups. They may have difficulty in remembering things or concentrating on what he/she is performing. It includes many different functions such as our abilities to pay attention, learn and retain information, solve problems, and use language to express thoughts. This disability hampers clear thoughts in the mind. It also exhibits problems in comprehending any new ideas or opinions or finding solutions and therefore restrains a person from learning or even coordinating functions/activities.

- Self-care difficulties
This refers to difficulties in dressing, bathing, eating, grooming and hygiene, toileting or getting around the home or inside the home. The difficulties may have arisen as a result of other disabilities or impairments. These types of difficulties maybe present in most disabilities. It may be more pronounced in mental disabilities and severe physical disabilities. The question on self? care disability should be asked of all persons.

- Speech impairment
Speech and language disorders refer to problems in communication or difficulties in producing oral speech sounds or problems with voice quality. They might be characterized by an interruption in the flow or rhythm of speech, such as stammering. These delays and disorders range from simple sound substitutions to the inability to understand or use language. Some causes of speech and language disorders include hearing loss, brain injury, learning disability, substance abuse, physical impairments such as cleft lip (deformed lip) or palate, and vocal abuse or misuse. Persons with speech disabilities are often not able to communicate well with others.

- Other disabilities
This refers to any other disability not mentioned or covered above. These could be any of the following: albinism, epilepsy, autism, or chronic health conditions/ailments of more than six months etc. e.g. mental illnesses, cancer.

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Kenya 2009 — source variable KE2009A_DISAB3 — Disability 3
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C: Information regarding persons with disability
[Questions P-37 and P-38 were asked of all individuals.]


P-37. What type of disability does [person] have?

[] 1 Visual
[] 2 Hearing
[] 3 Speech
[] 4 Physical
[] 5 Mental
[] 6 Self care
[] 7 Others
[] 8 None

List not more than three.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
32. Section C: Information regarding disability

Columns P37 to P38 contain questions pertaining to disabilities. These questions are to be asked of the head of the household or any other responsible person.

32.1 Introduction

Questions regarding disabilities have to be asked very carefully and with caution. You should not ask "Do you have a disability, or are you disabled, or are you blind, or deaf" nor "are you lame?'. This will generate very low rates of response because you will not get the correct answer. The word "disability" is regarded negatively in most communities particularly in developing countries. People may feel stigmatized or be ashamed to be identified as having a disability. In some cultures, disability is seen as punishment for sins committed in previous lives.
Also, even if people do not feel stigmatized, the word "disability" often implies a very significant condition. Persons who can walk around their homes but are unable to walk to the market may perceive their situation as not severe enough to be considered as having a disability.
Disability is interpreted relative to what is considered normal functioning (or different). This may vary across various cultures, age groups, or social class.

32.2 Definition of disability

The Disability Act 2003 defines disability as: physical, sensory, mental, or other impairment, including a visual, hearing or physical disability, which has a substantial long term adverse effect on a person's ability to carry out usual day to day activities. Disability is, therefore, viewed as a physical, mental, or psychological condition or impairment that substantially affects a person's daily activities or limits a person's ability to perform one or more basic life activities (referred to as activities of daily life? ADL) such as caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, earning a living, or working and interacting with other persons.
In this context, activities refer to a wide range of deliberate actions performed by an individual as opposed to particular body functions or structures. These are basic deliberate actions undertaken in order to accomplish a task such as dressing or feeding oneself.
In the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census we will classify one as having a disability if they have any of the following: visual, hearing and speech impairment; physical, mental and other disabilities, and self?care difficulties.

32.3 Types of disabilities

- Visual impairment
Visual impairment describes the various degrees of vision loss. A person is considered to have an eyesight or vision disability if he/she doesn't have normal vision even if he/she wears eyeglasses or contact lenses. Visual impairments are caused by injury, disease, through accident, muscular degeneration or cataracts or are congenital. Congenital blindness could be noted at birth or within the first five years of life. Vision impairment can be treated by medicines and therapies though impairments caused by birth or accident are less likely to cure.

- Hearing impairment
Hearing impairment refers to complete deafness or partial hearing in one or both ears. Hearing impairment can be caused by birth or are due to inheritance. In some cases extremely high frequency sound waves may also cause hearing disability. Persons who are able to hear well with the aid of devices are not considered to be having this disability.

- Physical disability
Physical or mobility impairment refers to difficulties in moving (i.e. walking, climbing stairs, using hands, sitting upright or standing). This disability restricts one's physical movement, say body movement, or paralysis of legs, hands, or the whole body. Persons with this type of disability can use assistive equipment and supportive devices that assist them to move around.

- Mental disability
Mental disability affects people's ability to perform activities like other people of similar age groups. They may have difficulty in remembering things or concentrating on what he/she is performing. It includes many different functions such as our abilities to pay attention, learn and retain information, solve problems, and use language to express thoughts. This disability hampers clear thoughts in the mind. It also exhibits problems in comprehending any new ideas or opinions or finding solutions and therefore restrains a person from learning or even coordinating functions/activities.

- Self-care difficulties
This refers to difficulties in dressing, bathing, eating, grooming and hygiene, toileting or getting around the home or inside the home. The difficulties may have arisen as a result of other disabilities or impairments. These types of difficulties maybe present in most disabilities. It may be more pronounced in mental disabilities and severe physical disabilities. The question on self? care disability should be asked of all persons.

- Speech impairment
Speech and language disorders refer to problems in communication or difficulties in producing oral speech sounds or problems with voice quality. They might be characterized by an interruption in the flow or rhythm of speech, such as stammering. These delays and disorders range from simple sound substitutions to the inability to understand or use language. Some causes of speech and language disorders include hearing loss, brain injury, learning disability, substance abuse, physical impairments such as cleft lip (deformed lip) or palate, and vocal abuse or misuse. Persons with speech disabilities are often not able to communicate well with others.

- Other disabilities
This refers to any other disability not mentioned or covered above. These could be any of the following: albinism, epilepsy, autism, or chronic health conditions/ailments of more than six months etc. e.g. mental illnesses, cancer.

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Lesotho 2006 — source variable LS2006A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section C. For all persons - Disability

18. Is (the respondent) disabled?

Note: State the main disability

[] 1 Amputation of fingers
[] 2 Amputation of arms
[] 3 Amputation of hands
[] 4 Amputation of toes
[] 5 Amputation of foot/leg
[] 6 Lame/ paralyzed limb
[] 7 Blind (total/ partial)
[] 8 Deaf (total/ partial)
[] 9 Speech problem
[] 10 Mental illness
[] 11 Mental retardation
[] 12 Not disabled [Skip to Question 21.]
[] 13 Other, specify ____
[] 99 Don't know [Skip to Question 21.]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Part C of the questionnaire for all persons (Disability)

87. Column 18: Is (name) disabled.

Ask for the main disability and code according to the list.

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Liberia 2008 — source variable LR2008A_DISTYPE — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
P15-17. Disability

P15. Does [the respondent] have any form of disability?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No -- Skip to P18
P16. Type of disability?
____

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Malawi 2008 — source variable MW2008A_DISAB1 — Type of disability, first
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions P9-P13 were asked of usual residents]


P13. Does [the respondent] have difficulty or problems in the following? If yes, what are the causes?

Type of disability:

[] 0 None
[] 1 Seeing
[] 2 Hearing
[] 3 Speaking
[] 4 Walking / climbing
[] 8 Other


Causes:

[] 1 Congenital
[] 2 Disease / illness
[] 3 Injury / accident
[] 4 Not known
[] 8 Other

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions for usual members of households
Questions P09 to P013 should only be asked to the usual members of that household.


P13. Type and causes of disability
Ask the respondents whether there any members of the household who should be classified as disabled. In this case, disability refers to physical or mental handicap, which inhibits an individual's ability to work or participate in normal activities. Furthermore, the enumerator should ask for the causes of disability.

If the person has multiple disabilities and the first to be mentioned is "1" in the first row, ask for the cause and shade the appropriate code in the first row under cause. If the disability to be mentioned second is "Walking", shade 4 in the second row, ask for the cause and shade it in the second row under cause.

Note: The enumerator should probe the type of disability in order not to confuse with current illness.


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Malawi 2008 — source variable MW2008A_DISAB2 — Type of disability, second
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions P9-P13 were asked of usual residents]


P13. Does [the respondent] have difficulty or problems in the following? If yes, what are the causes?

Type of disability:

[] 0 None
[] 1 Seeing
[] 2 Hearing
[] 3 Speaking
[] 4 Walking / climbing
[] 8 Other


Causes:

[] 1 Congenital
[] 2 Disease / illness
[] 3 Injury / accident
[] 4 Not known
[] 8 Other

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions for usual members of households
Questions P09 to P013 should only be asked to the usual members of that household.


P13. Type and causes of disability
Ask the respondents whether there any members of the household who should be classified as disabled. In this case, disability refers to physical or mental handicap, which inhibits an individual's ability to work or participate in normal activities. Furthermore, the enumerator should ask for the causes of disability.

If the person has multiple disabilities and the first to be mentioned is "1" in the first row, ask for the cause and shade the appropriate code in the first row under cause. If the disability to be mentioned second is "Walking", shade 4 in the second row, ask for the cause and shade it in the second row under cause.

Note: The enumerator should probe the type of disability in order not to confuse with current illness.


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Malawi 2008 — source variable MW2008A_DISAB3 — Type of disability, third
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions P9-P13 were asked of usual residents]


P13. Does [the respondent] have difficulty or problems in the following? If yes, what are the causes?

Type of disability:

[] 0 None
[] 1 Seeing
[] 2 Hearing
[] 3 Speaking
[] 4 Walking / climbing
[] 8 Other


Causes:

[] 1 Congenital
[] 2 Disease / illness
[] 3 Injury / accident
[] 4 Not known
[] 8 Other

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions for usual members of households
Questions P09 to P013 should only be asked to the usual members of that household.


P13. Type and causes of disability
Ask the respondents whether there any members of the household who should be classified as disabled. In this case, disability refers to physical or mental handicap, which inhibits an individual's ability to work or participate in normal activities. Furthermore, the enumerator should ask for the causes of disability.

If the person has multiple disabilities and the first to be mentioned is "1" in the first row, ask for the cause and shade the appropriate code in the first row under cause. If the disability to be mentioned second is "Walking", shade 4 in the second row, ask for the cause and shade it in the second row under cause.

Note: The enumerator should probe the type of disability in order not to confuse with current illness.


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Malaysia 1980 — source variable MY1980A_DISAB — Physical handicap
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

24. Do you have any physical handicap?
[] None
[] Blind
[] Deaf/Dumb
[] Others

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 24
For Census purposes, a person is considered blind if he cannot read written particulars shown a yard away from him.

Deafness is to be regarded as a handicap if the condition does not enable the person to attend 'normal' schools or is unable to secure a job.

If a person is physically handicapped, but he is neither blind nor deaf/dumb he should be
put under the box 'Others'.

The box 'None' is for persons who do not have any physical handicaps.

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Malaysia 2000 — source variable MY2000A_DISABLE1 — Handicapped 1
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B6. Is any member of this household handicapped?
[] No
[] Yes


[For those who answer yes in Question B6.]
Type of handicap

(Fill in respective handicap code for the relevant member only. Transfer the code(s) to Question C30 for the respective person.)

(Multiple answers accepted)

[] 1 Sight
[] 2 Hearing
[] 3 Speech
[] 4 Limbs
[] 5 Mental
[] 6 Others


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Malaysia 2000 — source variable MY2000A_DISABLE2 — Handicapped 2
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B6. Is any member of this household handicapped?
[] No
[] Yes


[For those who answer yes in Question B6.]
Type of handicap

(Fill in respective handicap code for the relevant member only. Transfer the code(s) to Question C30 for the respective person.)

(Multiple answers accepted)

[] 1 Sight
[] 2 Hearing
[] 3 Speech
[] 4 Limbs
[] 5 Mental
[] 6 Others


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Malaysia 2000 — source variable MY2000A_DISABLE3 — Handicapped 3
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B6. Is any member of this household handicapped?
[] No
[] Yes


[For those who answer yes in Question B6.]
Type of handicap

(Fill in respective handicap code for the relevant member only. Transfer the code(s) to Question C30 for the respective person.)

(Multiple answers accepted)

[] 1 Sight
[] 2 Hearing
[] 3 Speech
[] 4 Limbs
[] 5 Mental
[] 6 Others


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Mali 1987 — source variable ML1987A_DISAB — Handicap
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

11. Disability / Handicap
____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

11. Disability [handicap]
This question deals with the principal illnesses or diseases which the Malian population suffers from. These illnesses are called disabilities because they contribute to the deterioration of the individual's state of health, a decline in their ability to work and a decrease in their output. In some cases they may even destroy any possibility of productive work. In this situation, ask the head of household the following question about every member of the household: "Does this person have a physical or mental disability?"
Write the answer in column 11 (Trypanosomiasis, insanity, leprosy, etc.)


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Mali 1998 — source variable ML1998A_DISAB — Disability / handicap
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section B: Individual Characteristics


10. Disability / Handicap

[] 00 Nothing
[] 01 Blindness
[] 02 Difficult seeing
[] 03 Leprosy
[] 04 Tryponosomiasis
[] 05 Tuberculosis
[] 06 Mental disorder
[] 07 Onchocerciasis
[] 08 Deaf, mute, deaf and mute
[] 09 Difficult hearing
[] 10 Disability in the limbs

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

1.2.1. Questions for ALL Household Members


10. Column P10: Handicaps

This question deals with the main disease source of disability or handicap that the Malian population is suffering from. These diseases are labeled "Handicap" because they contribute to ill health of the individual, to a slower economic activity, and to a lower level of productivity. In some cases they may even prevent any production effort. For this, the question to be asked to the household head for each household member will be: "Does name have any disability or handicap?"

The number corresponding to the given answer must be written in Column P10, while following the instructions given below [none was specified in this document].


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Mauritius 1990 — source variable MU1990A_DISAB1 — First reported disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
In strict confidence
Ministry of Economic Planning and Development
Central Statistical Office

Population Census
Mauritius

Night of 1-2 July 1990

Notice

1. Persons by whom the return is to be made
In the case of:

(i) households: the Head of the household or person for the time being acting as head;
The head of a household is any adult member, whether male or female, who is acknowledged as head by the other members. A household is either (i) a person living on his own or (ii) a group of two or more persons who may or may not be related, but who live together and make common provision for food and other essentials for living. Two families living in one house constitute one household if they have common housekeeping arrangements, but should be considered as separate households if they have separate housekeeping arrangements and should then be entered on two separate census forms.
(ii) hotels, clubs, boarding houses: the Manager or other person for the time being in charge of the premises;
(iii) hospitals, infirmaries, asylums, prisons or any other residential institution: the Chief Resident Officer or other person for the time being in charge of the institution;
(iv) Naval Forces, Air Forces, the Special Mobile Force or the Police Training School: the Commanding Officer or the officer presently in charge;
(v) ships, barges or other vessels in any port or harbor in Mauritius: the Captain, master or other person for the time being in charge of the vessel;
(vi) persons arriving after midnight on the night 1-2 July 1990 and who have not been enumerated elsewhere: the person specified above by whom the return is to be made with respect to the persons present at midnight on 1 July 1990 in any of the premises mentioned above;
(vii) persons not included in any of the above-mentioned categories: the person in respect of whom the return is to be made.

2. Persons in respect of whom the return is to be made

(i) All persons who spend census night 1-2 July 1990 on the premises whether they are members of the household, visitors, guests, boarders or servants;
(ii) all persons who arrive on the premises and join the household on Monday July 2 1990 without having been enumerated elsewhere; and
(iii) all temporarily absent members of the household, i.e. all persons who usually live in the household, but who are away on census night, for example, on a business trip, on vacation, in hospital or studying abroad; include them even if you know that they are being enumerated elsewhere.

3. Legal provisions

(i) The Census is taken by the Central Statistical Office under the Statistics Act. Every person is required by law to give to the person responsible for making the return such information as may be necessary to enable the return to be made. No use may however be made of such information by the person to whom it is given except for the purpose of making the return.
(ii) Any person who refuses or neglects to fill in the form or to supply the particulars required therein or who knowingly makes in this form any statement which is untrue in any material particular shall commit an offence under the Statistics Act, and shall, on conviction, be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year and to a fine not exceeding Rs. 1,000.
(iii) All information obtained in the course of the Census is treated as confidential. No information about named individuals is ever passed on by the central Statistical Office to any other Government Department or to any other Authority or person. All enumerators and other officers engaged in the taking of the Census are under oath and are liable to prosecution if they improperly disclose any information which has come to their knowledge while performing their duties.

4. Completion of the form

The form should be completely filled in by the person designated in section 1 above. If any difficulty is experienced, particularly with columns 24 to 37, guidance should be sought from the Enumerator when he calls to collect the form. If the answers are incomplete or inaccurate, the enumerator will ask any questions necessary to enable him to complete or correct the form.
The information should be entered in the space provided using ink or a ball-point pen. Nothing should be written in the boxes which are reserved for codes.

5. Collection of the form

The form will be collected on 2 or 3 July 1990 by the appointed enumerator.
Before completing the census form, please consult the guide which is in both English and French.

Declaration
I declare that the information in this return is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

Signature or mark of the person making the return: ____
Signature of authorized officer: ____

Please do not write anything in the boxes
Complete a line for every person present on Census night (1-2 July 1990) and also for every person who usually lives in the household but was absent on Census night.
See instructions in section 2 on front page.

11 Disability ____

Does the person have any long-term disabilities or handicaps which limit his/her participation in individual and/or social activities which are considered normal for a person of his/her age?
Write 'yes' or 'no'.
If 'yes', insert as many disabilities as applicable as follows:
[] LF - Incomplete use of legs/feet
[] AF - Incomplete use of arms/fingers
[] EYE - Partial or total loss of sight even with glasses
[] EAR - Partial or total loss of hearing
[] SPCH - Partial or total loss of speech
[] SLOW - Slow development/learning difficulties
[] BEH - Behaviour problems/mental disability
[] CFB - Loss of consciousness, fits, blackouts
[] OTHER - Other disabilities (specify)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
7. Instructions on how to fill in the census form
The Census form has to be filled in completely by the head of the household.
A household is either one person living alone, or a group of persons, who may or may not be related, but who live together and make common provision for food and other essentials for living. The head of household is any adult member, whether male or female, who is acknowledged as head by the other members.

The census form can contain information for up to 10 persons. If there are more than ten persons, continue on a new form which can be obtained from the Census enumerator. Please note that nothing should be written in the shaded boxes [][]: they are reserved for inserting codes.

[Next page]

After completing the form, have it ready so that the enumerator can collect it on Monday 2 July 1990 or soon after. If you are not sure how to complete any of the entries, please ask the enumerator to help you when he or she calls. He or she will also check your answers and ask any questions necessary to complete the form and correct inaccurate entries.

Column 11
Disability
Write 'yes' if the person has any long-term disability or handicap which limit his/her participation in individual and/or social activities which are considered normal for a person of his/her age, Also describe the disabilities using the abbreviations given in column 11 of the Census form.
A long-term disability or handicap is one that has lasted or is expected to last for six months or more.

If the person has no long-term disability or handicap, write 'no'.


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Mauritius 2000 — source variable MU2000A_DISAB1 — First reported disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Population census form]

11. Disability _ _ _

Does the person experience any disability (i.e., any limitation to perform a daily-life activity in a manner considered normal for a person of his/her age), because of a long-term physical/mental condition or health problem?
Write 'yes' or 'no'.

[] Yes
[] No

If 'yes', insert as many disabilities as applicable as follows:
[] SPCH - speaking and talking disabilities
[] EAR - hearing and listening disabilities even with hearing aid
[] EYE - seeing disabilities even with glasses
[] MTION - walking, running, and other ambulation disabilities
[] MANU - manual activity disabilities such as fingering, gripping, and holding
[] LEARN - disturbance of ability to learn and acquire education
[] BEH - disturbances of behavior, maladjustment, and liability to self-injury
[] CARE - inability to look after oneself with regard to personal care and hygiene, feeding, etc.
[] OTHER - other disabilities (specify)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
7. Instructions on how to fill in the census form

Column 11 - Disability
Write 'Yes' if the person, because of a long-term physical/mental condition or health problem, experiences any disability, i.e. any limitation to perform any daily-life activity in a manner considered normal for a person of his/her age. Long-term physical/mental condition or health problem is one that has lasted or is expected to last for six months or more.
A long-term disability or handicap is one that has lasted or is expected to last for six months or more.
Then describe the disabilities using the following abbreviations:

SPCH- speaking and talking disabilities;
EAR- hearing and listening disabilities even with hearing aid;
EYE- seeing disabilities even with glasses;
MTION- walking, running and other ambulation disabilities;
MANU- manual activity disabilities such as fingering, gripping and holding;
LEARN- disturbance of ability to learn and acquire education;
BEH- disturbances of behaviour, including antisocial behaviour, maladjustment and liability to self injury;
Are included under this category:
- conduct that is embarrassing, aggressive, extremely overactive, psychopathic and delinquent;
- disturbances of appearance such as personal uncleanliness, careless dressing and bizarre appearance;
- disturbances resulting from loss of consciousness, fits and blackouts;
- inability to correctly locate external objects events, and himself in relation to time and space and understand relations between objects and persons and to cope with specific situations.
CARE- Personal care and hygiene disabilities, i.e. inability for the person to look after himself/herself in regard to basic physiological activities, such as excretion and feeding, and caring for himself/herself, such as hygiene and dressing;
OTHER- other disabilities (specify).

If the person has no long-term disability or handicap, write 'No'.


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Mauritius 2011 — source variable MU2011A_DISMUTE — Difficulty speaking and talking
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Individual form

P12B. If [Yes] at P12A, state the severity of all applicable difficulties as follows:

F. Speaking and talking

[] 1 Some difficulty
[] 2 A lot of difficulty
[] 3 Cannot do at all
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6. Population census topics and their usefulness

P12A and P12B - Disability
The question provides information which is needed for the formulation and implementation of programs in support of the disabled (e.g. special education, employment and social aid).

8. How to fill in the Population Census Questionnaire

P12A and P12B - Disability
[figure omitted]
This question should be asked tactfully to obtain information as to whether the person has any difficulty to perform a daily-life activity (as listed at P12B - A to I) considered normal for his/her age. If the answer is "Yes", ask for the severity of all applicable difficulties as follows:

1. Some difficulty
2. A lot of difficulty
3. Cannot do at all

[figure omitted]
Shade the degree of severity for all applicable difficulties. If a difficulty is not applicable, leave the corresponding boxes blank.
If a person has reported that he/she is experiencing "I - Other difficulties" at P12B, specify the nature of the difficulty in the adjacent boxes.
[figure omitted]


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Mexico 2000 — source variable MX2000A_DISMUTE — Disability, mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

6. Type of disability

This person has limitation for:

Read all the options and circle the affirmative responses.

1 Moving, walking, or needs assistance
2 Using arms and hands
3 Is deaf or uses a hearing aid
4 Is mute
5 Is blind or only sees shadows
6 Has some retardation or mental deficiency
7 Has other physical or mental limitation.
_____Write the limitation.

8 Has no physical or mental limitation (Continue with number 8)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6. Type of Disability

A disabled person is one who has some physical or mental limitation, which limits their ability to carry out activities in their house, school, or job, such as walking, dressing, bathing, reading, writing, hearing, etc.

This question obtains information from people who have long term or permanent disabilities or limitations.

Long term disabilities are those that exist for more than six months, or which are expected to last for at least that long.

[Depiction of this completed question on the enumeration form]

When a person has more than one limitation or disability, circle the codes of the affirmative responses. The following people can be considered to have disabilities:

[P. 68]

Those who cannot, or are limited in, moving or walking due to a partial or total lack of legs, or those who, having complete legs, cannot move them; they generally need help from other people, from a wheel chair, walkers, or an artificial foot or leg. This includes invalids, people with polio, people who have had one or both legs (or a portion of them) amputated, among others.

Those who cannot, or are limited in, using their arms or hands due to a partial or total lack of arms, hands, or fingers; or those people who, having both their arms, have lost the ability to move them, such that they cannot grab or move objects, push, throw, pull, dress, bathe, or perform other actions; those with one hand/arm are an example.

Those who cannot hear with one or both ears, those who only hear high pitched noises, or those who use any kind of hearing aid. For example, those who only hear with one ear, and those who only hear when they are spoken to very loudly.

Those who cannot speak. In this case, do not include babies who are not yet able to talk.

Those who are blind, those who see with only one eye, and those who only distinguish large shapes, or shadows.

People with mental retardation, who learn slowly, those who have Down syndrome, etc.

[Depiction of this completed question on the enumeration form, and a related drawing]

Any physical or mental disability or limitation other than the previous should be registered as it is reported to you, in the space write the disability.

If, after having read through the options, they report that the person does not have any disabilities, circle code 8 and go on to question 8. use of health services.

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Mexico 2010 — source variable MX2010A_DISSPK — Disability speaking, communicating or conversing
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
III. Personal characteristics

Now I am going to ask you about (name): ________
Copy the name of the person from section II

For all persons
[Questions 1-10 are asked of all persons.]


10. Disability
Does [the respondent] have difficulty doing the following activities in his/her daily life:

Read all the options and circle those with an affirmative answer.

[] 10 Walking, moving, going up and down [the stairs]
[] 11 Seeing, even when using glasses
[] 12 Speaking, communicating or conversing
[] 13 Hearing, even when using a hearing aid
[] 14 Getting dressed, bathing or eating
[] 15 Paying attention or learning simple things
[] 16 Has any mental limitations
[] 17 This person does not have any physical or mental difficulties (go to 12)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
6.5 Section III. Characteristics of the people

In this section the information of the people who inhabit the dwelling, like the sex, age, level of studies, income, among others, is obtained.

Before requesting the information for each person, copy all the names in the spaces designated for them, and for each person start with the phrase: "Now I'm going to ask about (mention the name of the person you previously noted)", so that the informer knows about whom you will be asking the information.

For all persons
[Questions 1-11 are for all persons.]


10. Disabilities
This question identifies the people who have difficulties completing activities in daily life such as walking, seeing, speaking or communicating, listening, learning, or attending to their personal care.

For each question consider the following:

  • Ask all the people who live in the dwelling.
  • You can circle up to six codes when a person declares more than one difficulty.


People with disabilities are those who:
  • Have difficulties and limitations moving or getting around, going up stairs because of the lack of one or a part of one's leg; this also includes those whose legs are impaired or display movement restrictions, in such a way that they need the help of another person, wheelchair or other apparatus, like walkers or artificial legs.
  • Display total loss of vision in one or both eyes, as well as those with weak vision and those who while using glasses can't see very well because of their advanced visual problem.
  • Have difficulty communicating with others, due to the speech limitations or because they can't chat or converse in a comprehensible way. Remember to not include small children in this situation because due to their young age they still have natural difficulty speaking because they are still learning to do so.
  • Can't hear, as well as those who display difficulties hearing (weak audio), in one or both ears, or those who even while using an audial device have listening difficulties due to the advanced state of the problem.
  • Can't attend to their own personal care or display difficulties and limitations completing activities such as bathing themselves, getting dressed, or consuming food.
  • Declare limitations or difficulties learning a new task of paying attention for a determined amount of time, as well as limitations remembering information, or performing activities that should be completed in daily life.
  • This also includes the people who declare a mental problem like mental retardation or alternative conduct and behavior.


If the person declares that he/she has some sickness or suffering (diabetes, cancer, arthritis, among others), ask what limits or prevents him/her to complete the daily activities in the dwelling, work, or at school, according to the options of the responses indicated in the question.

[p. 98]

When the person discloses information or knows the response by direct observation, use the confirmation of the other members of the dwelling, but never record the response without verifying the information with the informer.

If after having read all the response options, they declare that the person doesn't have difficulties, circle code 17 and continue to question 12 "Indigenous languages" if the person is age 3 or older; if not, continue to the following person.

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Morocco 2004 — source variable MA2004A_DISAB — Type of handicap or disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Individual form / population structure


Handicap
[All household members]

14. Type of handicap

[] 1 Mobility (limbs)
[] 2 Visual (blind)
[] 3 Hearing (deaf)
[] 4 Vocal (mute)
[] 5 Mental
[] 6 Chronic disease

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Handicap
A handicapped person is anyone who is unable to practice daily activities in a normal way (without the help of others or tools) because of mental or corporal handicaps. It is not automatic that a handicapped person not be economically active. In fact, there are handicapped people who practice activities in different areas. There are different types of handicaps: mobile, visual, hearing, vocal and chronic diseases.
For all household members

Q14: Type of handicap
1 Mobility (limbs): total or partial
2 Visual (blind): total or partial
3 Hearing (deaf): total or partial
4 Vocal (mute): total or partial
5 Chronic disease (heart, diabetes)


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Morocco 2014 — source variable MA2014A_DISCOMM — Difficulty communicating
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Difficulties in carrying out everyday activities

For all members of the household, specify the degree of difficulty the person has in
[Questions 16 to 21 were asked of all household members]

21. Communicating in his/her usual language

[] 0 Without difficulty (SD)
[] 1 Slight difficulty (DL)
[] 2 Considerable difficulty (GD)
[] 3 Unable to do so (IN)

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Mozambique 2007 — source variable MZ2007A_LANG1 — First language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Question 6 through 36 were asked to the residents]

For peopled aged 5+ only.

20. In what language did (the person) learn to speak?

________
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
For people aged 5+ only

P20. In what language did (the person) learn to speak?

This Question refers to language in which the respondent learned to speak in childhood, regardless of being or not able to speak it now.

For example, Mr. Antônio learned to speak in Echwabo. So, the right response is Echwabo, regardless of being or not able to speak other languages.
There should be only one response.


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Nepal 2011 — source variable NP2011A_DISAB — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Personal Information

[12] What is the physical and mental disability of [the respondent]?

[] 1 No disability
[] 2 Physical disability
[] 3 Blind and low vision
[] 4 Deaf and hard of hearing
[] 5 Deaf-blind
[] 6 Speech problem
[] 7 Mental illness
[] 8 Intellectual disability
[] 9 Multiple disabilities
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Individual information
After collecting the introductory and household information of data sheet 1, there are questions for individual information collection on the right side of the page. To write individual information, a row has been allocated for each member of the family. Sequence and rules for information collection have been put accordingly. In line with this, ask the question and fill the information. The response of each individual question should be written in the respective column.

Column 12: is there any kind of physical or mental disability in [the respondent]?

[] 1 No disability
[] 2 Physical disability
[] 3 Vision disability
[] 4 Hearing disability
[] 5 Deaf and blind
[] 6 Speech related disability
[] 7 Mental disability
[] 8 Intellectual disability
[] 9 Multiple disabilities
[p. 58]

This question has been put to record information on physical and mental condition of each person to be enumerated. Some people might have one type of different types of physical or mental problem (disability) or do not have any kind of disability. At the time of enumeration, there might be members with disability in a family. While enumerating disabled persons, this should be done at their usual living place.

Definition of disability: Disability is the condition that creates problems in running daily activities normally and full participation in social life due to problems in body parts and physical system of a person, coupled with activity limitations and participation restrictions in the physical, social, and cultural environment, as well as communication. For the purpose of enumeration, different types of disabilities have been divided into eight different categories as above. In order to understand whether a person has disability or not, the following description has be illustrated.

1. No disability - At the time of enumeration, if a person has no disabilities, circle the reference 1 to indicate it.

2. Physical disability: A physical disability is a limitation on a person's physical functioning, mobility, dexterity, or stamina due to various problems in the structure and movement of spinal curve, muscle, joints, and bones. E.g. (of body parts) - if there are weak, thin, and deformed hand/leg, bending body or any kind of impairments that restricts the general movement of these body parts, such condition should be understood as physical disability. For example: The disabilities caused by polio, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, loss of physical organs, muscular dystrophy, spinal cord injury, club feet, rickets, bone deformities, etc. are physical disabilities. Short heights also fall under physical disability. If a person has any of the above stated physical disability, circle the reference 2.

3. Vision disability: Generally if a person has problems in seeing things clearly around him/her, sees the things blurry, or cannot see at all, it is vision disability. In other words, if a person does not have clear knowledge about an object's picture, size, types, and color due to vision impairment, it is vision disability. Vision disability has two types - (a) Blindness, and (b) Low vision.

(a) Blindness: If a person cannot identify or see his fingers from 10 feet distance even with treatment like medicine, surgery, and use of glasses, or cannot read the first line of the Snellen chart, such person is considered with blindness.

(b) Low vision: If a person cannot identify or see his fingers from 20 feet distance even with treatment like medicine, surgery, and use of glasses or cannot read the fourth line of the Snellen chart, such person is considered with weak vision.

If a person has any type of vision disability stated above (blindness and low vision), circle the reference 3.

4. Hearing disability: The problems of a person in the structure of hearing organs, identification of voice, its distance and location, loudness and quality is the hearing disability. Hearing disability are of two kinds - (a) Deaf and (b) Low hearing.

(a) Deaf: A person who is unable to hear, has unclear voice or inability to speak, and needs sign language for communication is deaf. The person is considered deaf who even cannot hear the sound above 80 decibels. In simple sense, a person should be considered deaf if he cannot hear the communication of two persons near him or completely unable to hear.

[p. 59]

(b) Low hearing: A person who cannot hear sounds clearly but speak clearly with minimum hearing and has to put a hearing device to hear is a person with low hearing or moderate hearing loss. Generally, the person who cannot hear sounds that are less than 65-80 decibels sound is a low hearing person.

If any person has the hearing problems stated above, circle the reference 4.

NB: Generally the person who cannot speak or his/her spoken voice is unclear is call dumb. But actually, they are low hearing people. Such person generally cannot hear clearly. But all the people who cannot hear would not be dumb. If a person cannot speak clearly or the spoken voice is unclear and are unable to hear, circle the reference 4.

5. Deaf and blind: The person having both problems of deaf and blind is considered with deaf and blind disability. If there is a person with such problem in the family, circle reference 5.

6. Speech related disability: The person who has difficulty in speaking, unclear voice, has problem of repeating words or letters while speaking due to the uneasiness in the speech related organs is the person with speech related disability. If a person has speech related disability, circle the reference 6. The person with cleft lips or palate is also counted under speech related disability.

7. Mental disability: Mental disability is a kind of illness. This illness may appear to a person at any age or situation due to failure, distress, or depression. It does not come with birth and can be healed with treatment. A person who has difficulty in daily living due to mental illness or distress should be understood as a person with mental disability. If a person has such problem, circle the reference 7.

8. Intellectual disability: The condition which creates problems or limitations to perform age or environment appropriate intellectual activities due to lack of intellectual development before the age of 18 should be understood as intellectual disability or mentally retarded problem. Intellectual disability is not a disease, it is a state. It might come along with birth. In simple words, the state where required help of others for daily activities of life (e.g. for eating, dressing, going to toilet, care, etc.) or has low memory power (quick forgetting) or slow in learning as per the age should be understood as mentally retarded. Similarly, persons with no sign of adaptive behaviors along with the age development, showing unusual reaction, repeating the same activity or unable to be close to other persons or acute mental illness, autism are also come under intellectual disability and to indicate the status of such person, circle the reference 8.

9. Multiple disabilities: If a person has two or more than two disability problems among the above stated disabilities from 2 to 8, circle the reference 9.


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Pakistan 1973 — source variable PK1973A_DISABLE — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

7. Disability
[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf and dumb
[] 3 Crippled
[] 4 Other handicapped

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4.9 Disability (Column-7)
The following questions of column-7 related to every person of household will be asked.
a. Does any person in the household (By entered names) suffer from any type of disability? If the answer is 'Yes' then ask
b. Which type of disability? Enter the relevant code of disability. Codes of disabilities are given below.

1 - Blind

2 - Deaf and dumb

3 - Crippled

4 - Others, the disability other than above mentioned disabilities

5 - None (If not find in above category


[Pg. 31]

Different types of disabilities are explained as below. If the first question of disability is NO there is a need to ask other questions about that person and code '"5" (None) will be entered in the line in which his/her name is written.

Disability means a person who has physical or organ impairment whether it is natural or due to any accident, illness, a part of his/her body became non-functional or become weaker.

According to the report of H.E.D., the disability has been divided into four categories.

1. Blindness
A person will be considered blind if he/she could not count the fingers of enumerator before him/her with or without spectacles at the distance of one foot.
2. Deaf and dumb
A person who could not speak and hear will be deaf and dumb. A man who is deaf but can speak or is dumb but can hear will also be included in this category.
3. Crippled
A person who is not able to use/move one or both hands, one or both legs permanently will be known as Crippled/lame
4. Other handicapped
First type is hindrance, Second type means that a person is not a blind, deaf and dumb but he is suffering from another type of disability for example mentally retarded, physically impaired etc. through which his normal life is disturbed


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Panama 1980 — source variable PA1980A_DEAFM — Deaf-mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

30. Do you have, from birth or other cause, any physical or mental disability?
Mark one or more boxes, as appropriate

Blind

[] 1 From birth
[] 2 Other cause

Deaf-mute

[] 3 From birth
[] 4 Other cause

Mental retardation

[] 5 From birth
[] 6 Other cause

Paralysis or other physical disability

[] 7 From birth
[] 8 Other cause

[] 9 No disability

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons up to 40 years of age

Question 30 Do you have, from birth or other cause, any physical or mental disability?

Mark one or more boxes according to the following definitions.
a. Blind: The person has no vision or sees very little (visual weaknesses).
b. Deaf: The person does not see or talk, communicates through signs but with normal intelligence.
c. Mental retardation: consists of a below average or below normal intellectual capacity and is seen through growing up and the development of the person.
d. Invalid: is a person who through injuries in the locomotive system is not self-sufficient. It includes those who suffer from cerebral paralysis and those paralyzed in the arm or leg. Do not include those who walk with crutches or lack an arm.

If the person does not have any impediment, mark the corresponding box.

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Panama 1990 — source variable PA1990A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

6. If the person is noted in questions 4 and 5 of the List of Occupants, ask:
What type of physical or mental impediment do you have?
(Mark the most severe)

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 3 Mental retardation
[] 4 Cerebral paralysis
[] 5 Permanent physical disability
[] 6 Other
[] 7 None

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question Number 6: What type of physical or mental impediment do you have?
Mark with an "X" a single box agreeing with the response of the person. Remember that this question is asked only to the persons who declared to have some impediment in the list of occupants. If the person does not have an impediment mark circle 7 (none).

[Below the text is a picture of a filled out question.]

Consider as:
Blind: a person who has no vision or sees very little (visual weaknesses) an impediment that cannot be normalized with the use of glasses, treatments or other optical aids. Include persons who are blind from birth, blind by sickness like glaucoma, "toxoplasmosis", and diverse infections, and those blind by accident (hit in the eye, diverse injuries, etc.).
Deaf: a person who does not hear or talk and communicates through signs but with normal intelligence.
Mental Retardation: a person who has a below normal intellectual capacity. The characteristics are shown through a low performance in school, problems with adaptation and behavior, and retardation in mental and social development. A typical case is a "mongoloid" [Down's syndrome] person.
Cerebral Paralysis: a person who cannot move because of an injury or pain in the brain. Generally, there is an aural, visual, mental or language problem.
Permanent Physical Disability: includes paraplegics who are paralyzed in the lower extremities of their bodies and quadriplegics who are persons paralyzed in the upper and lower extremities of their bodies. This condition could have happened from sickness or accident.
Other: Mark this circle in the case of a person who is mute, autistic or suffers from dementia.


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Panama 2000 — source variable PA2000A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all individuals in the household

[Questions 1 - 9 were asked of all individuals.]


5. What type of physical or mental impediment do you have?

(Mark the most severe)

[] 1 Blindness
[] 2 Deafness
[] 3 Mental retardation
[] 4 Cerebral Paralysis
[] 5 Permanent physical disability
[] 6 Other
[] 7 None

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question No. 5: What type of physical or mental impediment do you have? (Mark the most serious)

This question is asked with the object of understanding the population that suffers from some type of physical or mental impediment.
Carry out this question if in the list of occupants the name of a person has been marked in the circle from question 4, or was not marked in circle 7 "none".

[p. 71]

Consider as
Blindness: a person who has no vision or sees very little (visual weaknesses) an impediment that cannot be normalized with the use of glasses, treatments or other optical aids. Include persons who are blind from birth, blind by sickness like glaucoma, "toxoplasmosis", and diverse infections, and those blind by accident (hit in the eye, diverse injuries, etc.).

[To the right of the text is a picture of an eye doctor and patient.]

Deafness: a person who does not hear or talk and communicates through signs but with normal intelligence.

Mental Retardation: a person who has a below normal intellectual capacity. The characteristics are shown through a low performance in school, problems with adaptation and behavior, and retardation in mental and social development. A typical case is a "mongoloid" [Down's syndrome] person.

Cerebral Paralysis: a person who when being born or during the first three years of life suffered a cerebral lesion or injury that does not permit them to move in a normal form and having stiff muscles and uncoordinated movements. Generally, they have aural, visual, and mental problems with language and suffer convulsions.

Physical disability: a person who because of an accident, disease, cerebral brain hemorrhage, or amputation has difficulty doing with skill activities of daily life or moving independently. Also those who have malformations that limit them physically or those who were born lacking any extremity.

Other: Mark this box in the case of a person who is autistic, suffers from dementia or presents irregularities in development (its is applied also to children in which when their age is considered, do not crawl, walk or speak when it is expected that they do it and do not have a definite diagnosis that would permit them to be put in any of the other categories listed above). Or that is, include a person who does not have any type of impediment described in the categories listed above. (Circles 1 to 5).

None: Mark this circle when the person declared in the list of occupants to not have a physical or mental impediment.


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Panama 2010 — source variable PA2010A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 1 - 9 were asked of all individuals.]

Ask this question if, on the list of occupants of the dwelling (Chapter IV), the name of the person who has the circle number 1 marked (Yes) in question 4 (disability). In the case to the contrary, mark circle 8, None.

7. What type of physical or mental disability do you have?

[] 1 Blindness
[] 2 Deafness
[] 3 Mental retardation
[] 4 Cerebral paralysis
[] 5 Physical deficiency
[] 6 Mental problems
[] 7 Other (Specify)
[] 8 None.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[For persons of all ages]
[Questions 1 to 12a]


Question No. 7: What type of physical or mental impediment do you have? (Mark the most serious)
[For persons who stated they have any mental or physical disability in question 4.]
This question is asked in order to capture the population that suffers from some type of physical or mental impediment, which prevents them to function normally.
[p. 142]
Disability: Any restriction or lack (due to impairment) of ability to perform an activity in a way or within a range considered as normal for a human being.
Ask this question, if in the list of occupants (Chapter IV), the name of a person has been marked with circle 1 in question 4, otherwise mark circle 8 "None".
Consider [as a physical or mental impediment] the following:

Blindness: The person who completely lacks vision or see very little (visually impaired), an impairment that cannot be normalized using lenses, treatments and other optical aids. Include people who are blind from birth, or who suffer from diseases such as glaucoma, toxoplasmosis, and infections caused by various accidents (hit in the eye, various injuries, among others).

[There is a picture to the left of the text.]
Deafness: The person who cannot hear nor talk, even with the help of hearing aids, and who communicates through signs but with normal intelligence.

[There is a picture to the right of the text.]
Mental retardation: A person with intellectual capacity below normal. This is evidenced by a poor school performance, adaptive and behavioral problems, and delayed mental and social development. A typical case is a "mongoloid" (Down's syndrome).

[There is a picture to the right of the text.]
Cerebral Paralysis: The persons who at birth or during the first three years of life suffered an injury or brain damage that prevent them from moving normally, having stiff muscles or coordinating movements. They usually have problems with hearing or vision, mental or speech problems, or have convulsions.

[There is a picture to the right of the text.]
Physical disability: Person who has difficulty performing skillfully activities, activities of daily living or move independently because of an accident, illness, stroke or amputation. Also, those persons having malformations that physically limit them or, those who were born lacking a limb.

[There is a picture to the right of the text.]
[p. 143]
Mental problems (mental disorder): this refers to person with impaired general and specific mental functions that are originated in organic mental disorders, autism, schizophrenia, psychosis, personality disorders, Alzheimer, Parkinson's disease, among others; and people with all types of dementia; any deficiency that prevents them from carrying out activities of daily living, socializing with other people, among others. This person has difficulties interacting with others (family, friends and strangers), because she has mental or nervous problems.
Other: Mark this box if the person has developmental disorders, it also applies to children who, according to their age, do not crawl, do not walk or do not speak when that is expected and do not have a definite diagnosis that would allow them to be placed in one of the above categories. That is, include the person who does not have any kind of disability described in the above categories (circles 1-6).
None: Mark this circle when the person in the list of occupants stated to not have any physical or mental disability, circle 2 of Chapter IV of the list of occupants. Remember in this case, not to ask the question.

Example: The head of the house said that his son Arturo, age 9, was born blind.
[Below the text, there is a sample image of the form.]

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Paraguay 1962 — source variable PY1962A_DISABLE — Physical disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Other characteristics

For those of the age indicated.


20. Permanent physical disabilities:

(For those affected, of any age.) Mark the box as appropriate.

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 3 Deaf-mute

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Item XX: Permanent physical disabilities

227 - Annotate the permanent physical impediment(s) of the affected person (of any age) by marking an (x) in the corresponding box.

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Paraguay 1982 — source variable PY1982A_MUTE — Mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
21. Is any member of the household blind, mute, deaf, or have any physical impediment, or other disability?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

If "yes," ask who the disabled persons are and mark an X in the box [under the column for that person] corresponding to each response.

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 3 Mute
[] 4 Paralyzed
[] Other (specify) ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
IV. For the head of household or main informant


Question 21. Is any member of your family blind, dumb, deaf, or do they have any physical impediments or other deficiencies?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


If you have marked the box corresponding to Yes, ask who?, and in the column pertaining to each affected person, make an X in the box or boxes corresponding to the situation, or specify the situation under other. If you marked the box corresponding to no, continue with the next person.

[A depiction of question 21 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

[P. 54]

Keep in mind the following definitions:

Blind: Without the ability to see. Example: unable to recognize written words, colors, persons, or objects.

Deaf: Without sensibility in the ear or the ability to hear.

Dumb: Unable to speak

Paralytic: Without the capacity to move one or various body parts.

Other: This category includes mental deficiency, that is to say, a person who has alterations in their mental functioning, memory, comprehension, capacity to learn, or ability to calculate. Example: Down syndrome, mental retardation, demented, etc.

[A drawing of men with some disability is omitted here.]

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Paraguay 1992 — source variable PY1992A_MUTE — Mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section IV. Population information


5. Do you have any physical or mental disability?

Mark more than one response if appropriate
(Blind = doesn't see)
(Deaf = doesn't hear)
(Mute = doesn't speak)
(Paralyzed = doesn't walk)

[] 1 Yes

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 3 Mute
[] 4 Paralyzed
____ Other

[] 6 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 5: Does he/she have any physical or mental impediment?

5. Does he/she have any physical or mental impediment?
Mark more than one answer if it corresponds.
(Only blind=does not see)
(Deaf=does not hear)
(Mute=does not speak)
(Paralyzed=does not walk)

[] 1 Yes

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 3 Mute
[x] 4 Paralyzed
Other ____


No []


This question had as its objective the number of disabled persons in the population.

This question is difficult and we request special attention and care on the part of the enumerators.

You should not omit any person, whatever his/her age or sex.

This question can have various answer for one persons. This means that one person can be deaf, mute, and have difficulty for walking, in which case you should mark all of the disabilities.

A disability, as the name indicates, impedes that a person fulfill a function, such as speech, walking, listening, communicating his/her ideas, take care of him/herself, work independently without help, etc.

After asking the question, you should wait a moment, it can be that it is difficult to decide whether or not to tell about a defect of a relative. If the enumerator observes a person with a disability in the home, he/she should note the information when he/she is sure of the information for this person, without needing to ask the question.

[page] 26

This question has 4 pre-established specified answers and an open option: Others. The pre-established answers are:

1. Blind. Person who cannot see, whether since birth or because he/she lost his/her sight due to illness or accident. Do not include persons who can see, but with difficulty.
2. Deaf. Person who is totally deaf, since birth or due to illness or accident. Do not include persons who hear with difficulty.
3. Mute. Person who cannot speak, since birth or due to illness or accident. Do not include persons who speak with difficulty.
4. Paralyzed. All person who has difficulty, cannot move arms and/or legs, needs help for many of his/her normal activities.
5. Other. If the person presents an impediment that is not established above, you should mark this box. The options are the following:
a. Mental retardation. Person who habitually does not learn what is taught, does not understand what is said to him/her, does not speak well. This includes mongoloid persons.
b. Does not hear well: Persons who, without being deaf, have serious hearing problems that make it difficult to study and/or work.
c. Behavior: Persons who have visible behavior problems that does not permit him/her to study and/or work. They are persons who are normally categorized as crazy or trarova [local term that is synonymous with crazy].
d. Physical Deficiency: All persons who have some physical impediment that, without being paralyzed, such as minor paralysis, deformed arms and/or legs, hydrocephalus (large head).
e. Other impediments: If the impediment found cannot be classified in one of the above groups, you should specify it.

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Paraguay 2002 — source variable PY2002A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Chapter I. Disability information

36. Is there any person in this household who has a permanent physical or mental disability? ... Such as for example:

[] 1 Yes - Write on one line the name, surname, age, and disability (or disabilities) of the person, followed by the cause(s).
[] 6 No - Go on to Chapter J

Write down the impediment

List of possible impediments:

[] 1 Paralysis or diminished strength (kangy) of legs or arms
[] 2 Missing a part of the body
[] 3 Deaf (hears nothing)
[] 4 Does not hear well, needs or uses a hearing aid
[] 5 Mute (doesn't speak)
[] 6 Speaks with great difficulty
[] 7 Blind in both eyes (sees nothing)
[] 8 Blind in one eye
[] 9 Sees poorly, even with glasses
[] 10 Down syndrome (mongoloid)
[] 11 Mental retardation
[] 12 Crazy (dementia)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
I. Information about disabilities

Do not forget to ask this question.

Question 36: Is there a person in this household who has a permanent physical of mental disability?

Exclude the incapacities due to temporary problems, such as broken bones or illnesses.


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Paraguay 2002 — source variable PY2002A_DISAB2 — Second disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Chapter I. Disability information

36. Is there any person in this household who has a permanent physical or mental disability? ... Such as for example:

[] 1 Yes - Write on one line the name, surname, age, and disability (or disabilities) of the person, followed by the cause(s).
[] 6 No - Go on to Chapter J

Write down the impediment

List of possible impediments:

[] 1 Paralysis or diminished strength (kangy) of legs or arms
[] 2 Missing a part of the body
[] 3 Deaf (hears nothing)
[] 4 Does not hear well, needs or uses a hearing aid
[] 5 Mute (doesn't speak)
[] 6 Speaks with great difficulty
[] 7 Blind in both eyes (sees nothing)
[] 8 Blind in one eye
[] 9 Sees poorly, even with glasses
[] 10 Down syndrome (mongoloid)
[] 11 Mental retardation
[] 12 Crazy (dementia)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
I. Information about disabilities

Do not forget to ask this question.

Question 36: Is there a person in this household who has a permanent physical of mental disability?

Exclude the incapacities due to temporary problems, such as broken bones or illnesses.


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Paraguay 2002 — source variable PY2002A_DISAB3 — Third disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Population Information

Chapter E. For all persons.

Enumerator: Keep in mind the following instructions for questions 7, 8 and 9:

a. Mark "in this place" if referring to the same district in which the person is being enumerated;

b. Mark "in another place" if referring to another district, and specify the name of the district, whether it is a city/town or company [compañía]/colony [colonia]/indigenous community, and the name of the department.

c. If you marked "in another country," write the name of the country.

For office use only:

_ _ _ Disability
_ _ _ Disability
_ _ _ Disability

_ _ Ethnicity
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
I. Information about disabilities

Do not forget to ask this question.

Question 36: Is there a person in this household who has a permanent physical of mental disability?

Exclude the incapacities due to temporary problems, such as broken bones or illnesses.


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Peru 1993 — source variable PE1993A_MUTE — Muteness
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. Do you have any of the following disabilities?
Circle one or more numbers, as appropriate:

[] 1 Total blindness
[] 2 Total deafness
[] 3 Muteness
[] 4 Mental retardation
[] 5 Mental illness
[] 6 Polio
[] 7 Loss or paralysis of upper extremity
[] 8 Loss or paralysis of lower extremity
[] 9 Other (specify) ____
[] 0 No disability

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For All People
[Applies to questions 1 - 6]


Question No. 5: Do you have any of the following disabilities:
Read the question and each one of the options. Then, circle one or more numbers, based on the informant's answers.
[There is a picture of question 5 in this section of the Enumeration Form.]
If the informant reports having a physical handicap that is not included in any of the alternatives, you should circle number 9 (Other) and write it on the corresponding line.
If the informant reports not having any handicap, circle number 0.


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Peru 2007 — source variable PE2007A_MTONG — First language learned
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons aged three or older
[Applies to questions 9-12]


9. What was the first language you learned to speak? (Read each option and circle only one number)

[] 1 Quechua
[] 2 Aymara
[] 3 Asháninka
[] 4 Other indigenous language

Specify ________

[] 5 Spanish
[] 6 Foreign language
[] 7 Is deaf-mute

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons aged three and older
[Applies to questions 9-12]


Question 9: What was the first language you learned to speak?

  • If the respondent says that the first language learned was "Other indigenous language," circle option 4 and write the answer on the "Specify" line.
  • Do not read out loud option 7, "Is deaf-mute." Circle this option only if the informant did not learn to speak a language because he/she is deaf-mute.

[p. 49]
Language. This refers to the language or dialect which the person first learned to speak, whether or not he/she currently speaks the language.
Example: Lucas was born in the mountains of Peru. As with his parents, the first language he learned to speak was Quechua. Many years ago he moved to Lima, where he learned to speak Spanish, which is the language he currently speaks. For this question, circle option 1: "Quechua".

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Philippines 1990 — source variable PH1990A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Disability

P11. Does [respondent] have any physical or mental disability?

Encircle code

1 Yes
2 No, skip to P13.


P12. What type of disability does [respondent] have?

___ Enter appropriate code listed below.
If others, specify.

1 Blindness
2 Deafness
3 Muteness
4 Deafness/Muteness
5 Speech Impairment
6 Mental Illness
7 Mental Retardation
8 Orthopedic Handicap
9 Multiple Disability
0 Others, specify

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

P11 and P12 Disability

Disability refers to any restriction or lack (resulting from an impairment) of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being. Data on disability will enable planners to prepare plans for rehabilitation, education development and preventive programs.

P11 - Does ____ have any physical and mental disability?

Ask the question in P11, "Does ____ have any physical or mental disability?" for all persons. If the answer is Yes, encircle 1 in P11 and ask the question in P12, "What type of disability does ____ have?". Otherwise, encircle 2 in P11 and enter a dash (-) in P12.

P12 - What type of disability does ______ have?

A person is considered physically or mentally disabled if he has any of the following impairments:

1 Blindness - if one eye or both eyes are reported totally blind and have no vision.

2 Deafness - if one ear or both ears are reported the incapable of hearing sounds or noises. A person can be completely deaf or partially deaf. Completely deaf persons do not hear sounds or noises at all. Partly deaf persons can hear or respond to loud noises only, but not to soft or low noises. Persons who are partly deaf hear a little when people speak to them.

3 Muteness - if the person is unable to speak or utter words.

4 Deafness and Muteness - if the person is reported to be both deaf and mute.

5 Speech Impairment - if the person can speak but not sufficiently clear to be understood. This also includes those people who can only make meaningless sounds.

6 Mental Illness - if the person suffers from schizophrenia, manic depressive illness, psychosis, or severe depression characterized by strange behavior.

7 Mental Retardation if the person has disorders/damage of the brain resulting in mental retardation.

8 Orthopedic handicap - if the person suffers from bone deformities or has the following impairments:

- absence or deformity of one or both hands or arms
- absence or deformity of one or both feet or legs
- fractures
- severe scoliosis kyphosis third degree burns, etc.


9 Multiple Disability - if the person is reported to have a combination of two or more disabilities.

0 Others - if the answer does not fall in any of the pre-coded answers, write the answer as stated by the respondent on the space provided. Examples: cancer, leprosy, paralysis, cerebral palsy, cross-eyed, etc.


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Philippines 1995 — source variable PH1995A_DISABTYP — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

All Persons
[Applies to questions P1-P10]


P8. Does [respondent] have any problem with his/her eyes, ears, speech, communication, legs, arms or any combination of these impairments?
Encircle code.

[] 1. Yes
[] 2. No. Skip to P10.


P9. What type of disability does [respondent] have?

[] 01. Cannot see with both eyes (TOT-BLIND)
[] 02. Absence of one eye with low vision on the other eye (PART-BLIND)
[] 03. Can see form or movement but not details of objects (color, surface, lines) (LOW VISION)
[] 04. Cannot hear with both ears (TOT-DEAF)
[] 05. Cannot hear with one ear but with moderate hearing loss on the other ear (PART-DEAF 1)
[] 06. Can hear speech but cannot discriminate the words (PART-DEAF 2)
[] 07. Cannot say words (MUTE)
[] 08. Can say words but stammers (includes cleft-palate and hare-lip with speech defect) (SPEECH DEFECT)
[] 09. Loss of one or both arms/hands (NO ARM)
[] 10. Loss of one or both legs/feet (NO LEG)
[] 11. Paralysis of one or both upper extremities (PARA-ARMS)
[] 12. Paralysis of one or both lower extremities (PARA-LEGS)
[] 13. Paralysis of one arm and one leg (PARA-COM)
[] 14. Paralysis of all four limbs (QUADRIP)
[] 15. Can learn simple communication, elementary health and safety habit and simple manual skills, but does not progress in functional reading or arithmetic (REGARDED)
[] 16. Mentally ill (INSANE)
[] 17. Others, specify (includes multiple disabilities and other combination of arm-leg impairment/paralysis) (OTHER)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Disability (P8 and P9)

To identify household members who may have disabilities, a "screening" question is asked in column P8. For each household member, ask the respondent "Does _________ have any impairment of his/her eyes, ear, speech, communication, legs, arms, or any combination of these?" If the answer is YES, encircle " 1 " in P8 and ask the question in column P9: "What type of disability does ________ have?". If the answer in P8 is NO, encircle "2" and place a dash (--) in P9.

For the POPCEN, the specific types of disabilities and their respective codes are found in the Codes Sheet. Be sure to use this list as your guide in probing for information and for coding the responses in column P9. Descriptions of the disabilities are given below. Use the key words (in bold type capital letters after each type of disability) as the write-in entries.

01 - Cannot see with both eyes. [Refers to a person with total lack of vision of both eyes (totally blind)]. TOT-BLIND

02 - Absence of one eye with low vision in the other eye. [Refer to a person with no vision in one eye whether with or without an eyeball but low vision in the other eye (partially blind).] PART-BLIND

03 - Can see form or movement but not details of objects (color, surface, lines). LOW VISION

04 - Cannot hear with both ears. [Refers to a person with total deafness.]
TOT-DEAF

[p. 93 ]

05 - Cannot hear with one ear but with moderate hearing loss on the other ear. [Refers to a person with one ear totally deaf while the other ear can still react or recognize sounds (partially deaf).] PART-DEAF1

06 - Can hear speech but cannot discriminate the words. [Refers to a person whose both ears can recognize sounds but cannot determine the words (partially deaf).] PART-DEAF2

07 - Cannot say words. [Refers to a person who cannot talk (e.g. mute -- this is because of lack of training on speech development or caused by accident or sickness that damage the vocal cord or tongue.] MUTE

08 - Can say words but stammers (includes cleft-palate and hare-lip with speech defect). SPEECH DEFECT

09 - Loss of one or both arms/hands. [Refers to a person without one or both arms/hands either acquired from birth or amputated as a result of accident or sickness] NO ARM

10 - Loss of one or both legs/feet. [Refers to a person with one or both legs or feet missing, either congenital or amputated as a result of accident or sickness.]
NO LEG

11 - Paralysis of one or both upper extremities. [Refers to a person who cannot use his/her arms and hands either one or both (e.g. stroke victim) and the paralysis is permanent).] PARA-ARMS

12 - Paralysis of one or both lower extremities. [Refers to a person who cannot move either one or both feet and the paralysis is permanent.] PARA-LEGS

13 - Paralysis of one arm and one leg. PARA-COM

14 - Paralysis of all four limbs. [Refers to a person who is a quadriplegic.]
QUADRIP

15 - Can learn simple communication, elementary health and safety habit and simple manual skills, but does not progress in functional reading or arithmetic. [Refers to people with severe mental retardation.] RETARDED

[p. 94]

16 - Mentally insane. [Refers to a person who is suffering from nervous breakdown/mental illness or one who is insane.] INSANE

17 - Others, specify. [Refers to disabilities other than the above, including multiple disabilities and other combination of other arm-leg impairment/paralysis.]
OTHER


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Philippines 2000 — source variable PH2000A_DISABTYP — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

P13. Does [respondent] have any physical or mental disability? (If no skip to P15)

[] Yes
[] No


P14. What type of disability does [respondent] have?
(Please see code book)
_ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

P13 and P14 Disability

Disability refers to any restriction or lack of ability (resulting from an impairment) to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being. Impairments associated with disabilities may be physical, mental, or sensory motor impairment such as partial or total blindness and deafness, muteness, speech defect, orthopedic handicaps, and mental retardation. Data on disability will enable planners to prepare plans for rehabilitation, education development and preventive programs.

To identify household members who may have disabilities. A "screening" question is asked in column P13. For each household member, ask the respondent "Does _____ have any physical or mental disability?" If the answer is Yes, draw an "x" mark on the circle before YES in

P13 and ask the question in P14: "What type of disability does ____have?" If the answer in P13 is NO, draw an "x" mark on the circle before NO in P13 and skip to P15.

The specific types of disabilities and their respective codes are listed in the Code Book. Be sure to use this Code Book as your guide in probing for information and for coding the responses in column P14. If the answer of the respondent is other than the types of disability listed, write in the space provided the answer of the respondent. The descriptions of the disabilities are given below:

Code 01
No useful sight in any of the two eyes. (Cannot distinguish objects in front of him). Persons may have some light perception (e.g., can realize that it is midday or midnight), but do not have usable sight. They need Braille materials for reading.
Short name: Tot-Blind

Code 02
With better eyesight than totally blind: can distinguish objects in front of him. However, even with eyeglasses cannot distinguish large letters. Practically, this person can walk without hitting his head against the wall, but cannot read anything. Included here as persons with severely limiting vision situations: central only or the sides only or only like a pie of a cake. Persons who can see some objects so that they can walk better and do some activities, but they cannot read printed text even with eyeglasses. They need Braille materials for reading.
Short name: Part-Blind

Code 03
With the better eye, even with eyeglasses, cannot distinguish regular size letters. Practically, can only read the bigger headlines in the newspapers. Included here are persons with limiting vision situations: central only or the sides only or only like a pie of a cake. Persons who, even with appropriate eyeglasses, need large print text (i.e., at least 18 points font) to read at a distance of one foot (30 cm.)
Short name: Low vision

Code 04
Cannot realize any regular sound. Practically the person does not react when somebody claps his hands behind his back. Person may still hear the blowing of a horn of a truck, or the beat of a drum, cannot understand words even with a hearing aid. Mute: There are almost no mute people. The normal case is the so-called "deaf-mute" which is for people who, because of deafness, did not learn to talk but they have all what is physically necessary to talk. Treat them as deaf.
Short name: Tot-Deaf

Code 05
Can hear speech but cannot discriminate the words. [Refers to a person whose both ears can recognize sounds but cannot determine the words (partially deaf).]
Short name: Part- Deaf

Code 06
Person can understand words only if spoken very loud or close to the ear and (normally) has severe difficulties if there are other noises (e.g.,) of other people speaking in the room. Person can be helped with a hearing aid but still has difficulties understanding normal speech.
Short name: Hard-Hear

Code 07
Person at least 15 years old, is object of ridicule or has severely limited job opportunities because of either: - a general stammering problem which makes normal speech extremely difficult - or a cleft-palate or hare-lip that cannot be solved by current medical procedures.
Short name: Oral defect

Code 08
Person has only one useful hand. One arm is not usable (e.g., amputated, deformed or paralyzed arm). Included here are two artificial arms if they are rather useful (i.e., both arms are missing but are replaced with artificial arm).
Short name: One hand

Code 09
Person has no useful hands. Both arms are not usable (e.g., amputated, deformed and missing).
Short name: No hands

Code 10
Person has only one useful leg: walks with crutches and/or artificial leg and/or braces. Note (1) Walking with an artificial leg can be considered if it really prevents the person from holding most jobs. (2) If the person has two legs amputated but in such a way that artificial legs can be used, the person can still go to most places, including going up the stairs. It may be slower, but it is surely very different from a person in a wheelchair who cannot even climb a single step without help.
Short name: One leg

Code 11
Person has no useful legs or two legs unusable (e.g., normally sits in a wheelchair.)
Short name: No legs

Code 12
Regular/Mild cerebral palsy: person can still walk and do most activities or might only be slightly awkward and require no special assistance.
Short name: Cr-Quadrip

The term cerebral refers to the brain's two halves, or hemispheres, and palsy describes any disorder that impairs control of body movement. Thus, these disorders are not caused by problems in the muscles or nerves. Instead, faulty development or damage to motor areas in the brain disrupts the brain's ability to adequately control movement and posture. An individual with cerebral palsy may have difficulty with fine motor tasks, such as writing or cutting with scissors; experience trouble with maintaining balance and walking; or be affected by involuntary movements, such as uncontrollable writhing motion of the hands or drooling.

Code13
Severe cerebral palsy: person is severely affected by the cerebral palsy or might be unable to walk and need extensive, lifelong care.
Short name: Cs-Quadrip

Code14
Regularly intellectually impaired: can be trained to be toilet trained, to wash himself, eat on his own and follow single instructions. Included here are those with Down Syndrome (Mongoloids) and most autistic (persons with autism). Note, not included are slow learners and persons who can travel alone.
Short name: Ir-Retarded

Code15
Severely intellectually impaired: cannot be toilet trained, eat alone, severe autism, etc.
Short name: Is-Retarded

Code16
Regularly impaired by mental illness: actually under psychiatric care or should be under psychiatric care (but do not have the money) as well as patients who recovered within the last three years (to consider the problem that so many becomes sick again). Included here are most persons with epilepsy even if the origin of their problem is very different, people treat them a bit the same as the mentally ill, they have more difficulties obtaining jobs, etc.
Short name: Pr-Mentally ill

Code17
Severely impaired by mental illness: persons needing hospitalization or having been hospitalized within the last three years (as mentioned above, to consider the fact that so many become sick again).
Short name: Ps-Mentally ill

Code18
Regularly multiple impaired. Multiple impairment is always a severe disability, yet among those with multiple impairment, one can be much lighter than the others whom we call severely multiple handicapped. Examples, are one arm and one leg unusable, mentally retarded and some physical defect.
Short name: Mr-Impairment

Code19
Severely multiple impaired. Examples are both legs and both arms paralyzed (quadriplegic); deaf and blind, and severely cerebral palsied and blind.
Short name: Ms-Impairment

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Philippines 2010 — source variable PH2010A_DISCOMM — Functional difficulty in communicating
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Population Census Questions

For all 5 years old and over.
[Questions P13 to P16 were asked of persons 5 years or over.]

P13. Functional difficulty
Does [the respondent] have any difficulty/problem in ...?

Write X in the box corresponding to the answer for each difficulty/problem.
f. Communicating using his/her usual language
[] Yes
[] No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Columns P13, P14 and P16 for All 5 Years Old and Over
Columns P13, P14 and P16 are to be accomplished only for household members five years old and over. Thus, if a household member is less than five years old leave columns P13, P14 and P16 blank.

P13-Functional Difficulty
As defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization, functioning is an umbrella term for body functions, body structures, activities, and participation. It denotes the positive aspects of the interaction between an individual (with a health condition) and that individual's contextual factors (environmental and personal factors). Environmental factors include the physical world and its features, the human-made physical world, other people in different relationships and roles, attitudes and values, social systems and services, and policies, rules and laws. Personal factors are factors that relate to individual such as age, gender, social status, life experiences, and so on.
A person with difficulty in functioning may have activity limitations, which means difficulties an individual may have in executing activities. An activity limitation may range from a slight to a severe deviation in terms of quality or quantity in executing the activity in a manner or to the extent that is expected of people without the health condition. In general, functional difficulties experienced by people may have been due to their health conditions. Health conditions refer to diseases or illnesses, other health problems that may be short
or long lasting injuries, mental or emotional problems, and problems with alcohol or drugs. A health condition may also include other circumstances such as pregnancy, ageing, stress, congenital anomaly, or genetic predisposition. Difficulty is usually manifested when a person is doing an activity with increased effort, discomfort or pain, slowness, or changes in the way he/she does the activity.
[pg. 119]
For the purpose of this census, functional difficulty is classified into six core categories. The concepts and definitions are based on ICF. These difficulties are the following:

Difficulty in communicating
[pg. 122]

Communicating refers to an individual's exchanging information or ideas with other people through the use of language. They may usetheir voices for their exchange or make signs or write the information they want to exchange. It may involve mechanical problems such as hearing or speech impairment, or it may be related to the ability of the mind to interpret the sounds that the auditory system is gathering and to recognize the words that are being used.
The purpose of this question is to identify persons who have some problems with talking, listening, or understanding speech such that it contributes to difficulty in doing their daily activities. They can have a problem making themselves understood, or the problem may be that they cannot understand people who talk to them or try to communicate with them.
Difficulty may be experienced due to factors relevant to communication such as hearing loss, language problems as after a stroke, stuttering, anxiety, or any other factor related to a health condition.
Note the person's usual mode of communication (such as, spoken language, sign language, gestural, or with an assistive device such as hearing aid) and situations such as when others speak quickly, with background noise or with distractions. Difficulty should be assessed with these factors taken into consideration. For instance, difficulty due to the fact that the language spoken is not one's mother tongue should be excluded.

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Rwanda 2002 — source variable RW2002A_DISAB — Major handicap / disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
A. Questions to be asked to all members of the household
[Questions 1-14.]


P13. Major disability or handicap

Does ____ have any sort of disability?

If the answer is "Yes", ask what type of disability or handicap, and circle the code corresponding to one of the abbreviations copied at the bottom of the page, according to the declaration of the interviewee.

If the answer is "No", circle the number 1, and go to P15.

[] 1. SH = No handicap or disability
[] 2. AV = Blind
[] 3. SM = Mute/deaf
[] 4. MI = Disability or handicap in lower limbs
[] 5. MS = Disability or handicap in upper limbs
[] 6. DM = Mental deficiency
[] 7. TR = Trauma
[] 8. AH = Other handicap or disability

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

P13: Major disability or Handicap

For item P13, the census enumerator has to ask each person the type of disability or handicap that he/she suffers from, whether the disability or handicap is visible or not. When the enumerated person mentions his/her disability or handicap, one will circle the number corresponding to the answer given.

- Total handicap (ikimara) is classified as "Other handicaps".

- When an enumerated person declares having no disability or handicap, one will circle the number "1".
One will write nothing under P14, and one will go to question P15.

Remark:
If the person has several disabilities or handicaps, write down the most severe one.

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Rwanda 2002 — source variable RW2002A_LANG — Language spoken
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
A. Questions to be asked to all members of the household
[Questions 1-14.]


P11. Languages spoken

What are the languages spoken by _____?

Circle the code corresponding to the abbreviations copied at the bottom of the page, according to the declaration of the interviewee.

[] 01. KI = Kinyarwanda
[] 02. FR = French
[] 04. SW = Swahili
[] 08. AN = English
[] 16. AL = Other language
[] 00. MU = Mute

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

P11: Languages spoken

One will circle the numbers corresponding to the languages spoken by the enumerated person. If he/she speaks only one language, circle the number corresponding to the language.

In the case where he/she speaks several languages, circle the numbers corresponding to all the languages.

The language spoken by a child less than 2-year of age is that spoken by his/her parents, if they speak the same language; if the parents speak different languages, one will write that spoken by his/her mother.

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Rwanda 2012 — source variable RW2012A_DISAB1 — Type of first major disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section P: Characteristics of population

[Questions 7-13 were asked of all usual residents.]

12. Does the respondent have any difficulty or problem as listed below? If yes, what were the causes?

[Respondent can answer up to 5 disability/ cause pairs.]

Type of disability _
Cause of disability _

If none, write 0 in "Types of disability" and go to Question 13.
Types of disability
1. Seeing
2. Hearing
3. Speaking
4. Walking/ Climbing
5. Learning/ Concentrating
6. Other____
Causes of disability
1. Congenital
2. Disease/ Illness
3. Injury/ Accident
4. War/ Mines
5. Genocide
6. Now known
7. Other ____

[Table omitted.]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
P12: Type and cause of major disability
Ask: Does [the person] have any difficulty or problem as listed below? If yes, what were the causes?

A person is called disabled if during birth or after birth his/her body part or his/her mental is damaged, lack of body part or congenital malformation and fails to do activities that other persons who have no such problems could do.

The possible disabilities and their causes are follows:

Type of disability [D]
1 - Seeing
2 - Hearing
3 - Speaking
4 - Walking/Climbing
5 - Learning/Concentrating
6 - Other
Causes [C]
1 - Congenital
2 - Disease/Illness
3 - Injury/Accident
4 - War/Mines
5 - Genocide
6 - Not known
7 - Other

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Rwanda 2012 — source variable RW2012A_DISAB2 — Type of second major disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section P: Characteristics of population

[Questions 7-13 were asked of all usual residents.]

12. Does the respondent have any difficulty or problem as listed below? If yes, what were the causes?

[Respondent can answer up to 5 disability/ cause pairs.]

Type of disability _
Cause of disability _

If none, write 0 in "Types of disability" and go to Question 13.
Types of disability
1. Seeing
2. Hearing
3. Speaking
4. Walking/ Climbing
5. Learning/ Concentrating
6. Other____
Causes of disability
1. Congenital
2. Disease/ Illness
3. Injury/ Accident
4. War/ Mines
5. Genocide
6. Now known
7. Other ____

[Table omitted.]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
P12: Type and cause of major disability
Ask: Does [the person] have any difficulty or problem as listed below? If yes, what were the causes?

A person is called disabled if during birth or after birth his/her body part or his/her mental is damaged, lack of body part or congenital malformation and fails to do activities that other persons who have no such problems could do.

The possible disabilities and their causes are follows:

Type of disability [D]
1 - Seeing
2 - Hearing
3 - Speaking
4 - Walking/Climbing
5 - Learning/Concentrating
6 - Other
Causes [C]
1 - Congenital
2 - Disease/Illness
3 - Injury/Accident
4 - War/Mines
5 - Genocide
6 - Not known
7 - Other

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Saint Lucia 1991 — source variable LC1991A_DIS3 — Disability: speech
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

3.2 What type of disability or impairment does ____ have?
(More than one oval may be marked)

[Question 3.2 is asked of persons who have long-standing illness, disability or infirmity, per question 3.1]

[] Sight
[] Hearing
[] Speech
[] Upper limb (arm)
[] Lower limb (legs)
[] Neck and spine
[] Slowness at learning or understanding
[] Mental retardation
[] Other (please specify) ____


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Senegal 2002 — source variable SN2002A_DISMUTE — Muteness
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section B: Individual Characteristics

Total Population


B13. Disability / Handicap

Record all the disability or handicaps shown by the respondent, by writing "1" in the appropriate box.

[] None
[] Blind
[] Deaf
[] Mute
[] Disability in lower limbs
[] Disability in upper limbs
[] Mental deficiency
[] Albinos
[] Leper with mutilations
[] Other cases

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

B13. Disability / Handicap

Ask the following question: "Do you have a member of your household who suffers from any disability or handicap that could limit him (or her) in his (or her) daily activities?

If the answer is "no", circle: 1. None [AU], and go to the next question.

If the answer is "yes"; ask "what type of disability or handicap". Then record all the disability or handicaps declared, by writing the number "1" in the boxes corresponding to the different types of handicap given by the respondent.

AU - for persons who have no disability or handicap;
AV- for persons who are blind;
SO - for persons who are deaf, those who cannot hear;
MU - for persons who are mute, those who lost the ability to speak;
IMI - for persons who have a disability in the lower limbs. This may be one leg or both legs together;
IMS - for persons who have a disability in the upper limbs. This may be one arm or both arms together;
DM - for persons who are mentally deficient (lunatics, Down syndrome, etc.);
AL - for the albinos;
LM - for the lepers with mutilations;
AU - for the other cases not mentioned above.

Remarks: The natural mental weakness of the elderly is not considered as a handicap; a person who lost one eye is also not considered to be handicapped.

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Senegal 2013 — source variable SN2013A_DISSPEAK — Difficulty speaking or communicating
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
B. Individual characteristics

The entire population
[Questions B16 through B28 were asked of all resident persons.]

Population aged 1 year or older.
[Question B21 through B26 were asked of all resident persons age 1 or older.]

B21-B26. The following questions pertain to difficulties which you may have in carrying out certain activities due to a health problem.

Enter the corresponding codes to the answer given (see the bottom of the page)
B26. In using his / her usual language, does [the respondent] have any difficulties communicating (such as understanding or being understood by others)?
[] 0. No, no difficulties
[] 1. Yes, some difficulties,
[] 2. Yes, many difficulties
[] 3. not at all capable
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
4.2. Part B: individual characteristics

B21/26: set of short questions on disability recommended for the censuses (population aged 1 year and over)
The questions about disability issues have been greatly altered in relation to what previous censuses proposed. It is about Senegal aligning itself with the progress made in this area. The United Nations, through their experts on global statistics, created in the 2000s a group of experts, the Washington group, which developed a series of short questions for censuses and surveys according to the Basic Principles of Official Statistics. These questions identify the majority of those most at risk in the general population who have limited or restricted participation in public life. It is not a question of identifying the handicap or the cause of disability, the question is to identify the limitations of the respondent (and/or one of his or her family members) to have/potentially have difficulty in performing actions linked to their lifestyle and related functions: seeing, hearing, walking, having cognitive faculty, taking care of themselves, and communicating. These are the areas the questions included in the census questionnaire concern.
The questions to ask relate to the difficulties that the respondent or a family member may have in fulfilling certain tasks in a sustainable manner (6 months or more, in a recurring manner):

1) Do you have difficulty seeing, even if you wear glasses?
- The answer of a person who wears glasses and has no difficulties will then be codified by choice 0 on the PDA.
- On the other hand, the answer of someone who wears glasses and who still has difficulties in seeing must be codified in 1 or 2 depending on the degree of difficulty in seeing.
2) Do you have difficulty hearing even with a hearing aid?
- In the same vein: the response of a person with a hearing aid (it is a device in the ear) but who would still have difficulty hearing would be codified in 1 or 2 depending on the degree of difficulty.
3) Do you have difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
4) Do you have trouble remembering or concentrating?
5) Do you have any difficulties (in taking care of yourself) in performing activities like washing yourself or dressing yourself?
[p. 41]
6) Using your usual (common) language, do you have difficulty communicating, (for example, to understand or make yourself understood by others)?

Each question has four response categories:

0 No, no difficulty,
1 Yes, some difficulties,
2 Yes, lots of difficulties,
3 Not at all able to do it.

The severity scale is used in the response categories to identify the full range of functional domains ranging from the most benign to the most severe form. This is very important because we will have a full range of the respondent's capabilities.
NB: This question concerns the population aged at least 1 year.
On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.


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Sierra Leone 2004 — source variable SL2004A_DISTYPE — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

P15. Disability
Is [the respondent] disabled?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (go to P19)


Disability
[Questions 16-18 were asked of persons who are disabled, per question P15]


P16. Type of disability

[] 01 Limited use of legs
[] 02 Loss of leg(s)
[] 03 Limited use of arms
[] 04 Loss of arm(s)
[] 05 Serious problem with back spine
[] 06 Hearing difficulty
[] 07 Unable to hear (deafness)
[] 08 Sight difficulty
[] 09 Blindness
[] 10 Speech impairment
[] 11 Unable to speak (mute)
[] 12 Mental retardation
[] 13 Mental illness (strange behavior)
[] 14 Epileptic
[] 15 Rheumatism
[] 16 Others (specify) ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 1 - Population
Columns P1 to P18 -- These should provide particulars of all members who slept in the household/institution on census night. They therefore apply to all persons.


Columns P15 - P18 -- Disability
105. It is absolutely important that this information is collected as accurately as possible, which means that the question applies to everybody in the household. You must be particularly careful to distinguish between actual disability and other forms of illnesses.

106. For example, you may be told that a member of the household has had tuberculosis or has been suffering from backache or stomach pains for a very long time. These are not disabilities for the purpose of these questions. It may be necessary to see the persons who have been reported as being disabled. This

[p.15]

will give you an opportunity to determine whether the persons) is/are disabled according to the specifications below.

107. Somebody is disabled if he/she is blind, crippled, deaf, dumb, mentally retarded or has lost limbs), etc.


P15 -- Whether person is disabled
108. Ask, "Is [the respondent] disabled?" If the answer is "Yes", ask the second question relating to the type of disability (question P16) before you make any entry. If you are satisfied that the type of disability falls within our prescribed category, you can then fill in P15 and P16. This is necessary to avoid messing up the questionnaire.


P16 -- Type of disability
109. Ask for the type of disability and record the appropriate code refer to the code list). For example, "Limited use of legs" is 01, "Loss of legs" is 02, etc.

110. Some people may have more than one disability. In such cases, record the most serious one.


P16 Type of disability

[] 01 Limited use of legs
[] 02 Loss of legs)
[] 03 Limited use of arms
[] 04 Loss of arms)
[] 05 Serious problem with back spine
[] 06 Hearing difficulty
[] 07 Unable to hear deafness)
[] 08 Sight difficulty
[] 09 Blindness
[] 10 Speech impairment
[] 11 Unable to speak mute)
[] 12 Mental retardation
[] 13 Mental illness strange behaviour)
[] 14 Epileptic
[] 15 Rheumatism
[] 16 Othersspecify)


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Sierra Leone 2015 — source variable SL2015A_DISAB — Disabled
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
All persons [Questions P01-P20]

[Section II was answered for all persons who selected living in occupied housing units in question I15]

Disability [Questions P15-P19]

P15. Does [the respondent] suffer from any form of disability?

If 2 or 3 go to P20

[] 1. Yes
[] 2. No
[] 3. Don't Know
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 2: Population characteristics

Columns (P01) to (P20) -- These should provide particulars of all persons who slept in the household on census night. The questions therefore apply to all persons irrespective of age or sex, except P13 which applies to persons 5 years and above.

Columns (P15 to P19) disability
120. It is absolutely important that this information is collected as accurately as possible. These questions apply to everybody in the household. You must be particularly careful to distinguish between actual disability and other forms of illnesses.

121. For example, you may be told that a member of the household has had tuberculosis or has been suffering from backache or stomach pains for a very long time. These are not disabilities for the purpose of these questions. It may be necessary to see the persons who have been reported as being disabled. This will give you an opportunity to determine whether the person(s) is/are disabled according to the specifications below.

122. Somebody is disabled if he/she is blind, crippled, deaf, dumb, mentally retarded, lost limb(s), speech impaired, is an albino, etc.

P15 -- Person disabled?
123. Ask, 'Does (name) suffer from any form of disability?' If the answer is 'Yes' ask the second question relating to the main type of disability in (P16) and the second type if any in P17. Before you make any entry be sure that you are satisfied that the type of disability falls within the prescribed categories.


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Sierra Leone 2015 — source variable SL2015A_MNDISAB — Main disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
All persons [Questions P01-P20]

[Section II was answered for all persons who selected living in occupied housing units in question I15]

Disability [Questions P15-P19]

P16. Main type of disability

Answered only if the respondent answered yes to having a disability in P15.

[] 00 None
[] 01 Physical disability (Polio)
[] 02 Physical disability (Amputee)
[] 03 Blind or visually impaired
[] 04 Partially sighted
[] 05 Deaf
[] 06 Partially deaf
[] 07 Speech difficulties
[] 08 Mute/Dumb
[] 09 Mental difficulties
[] 10 Spinal injury/disability
[] 11 Psychiatric disability
[] 12 Epileptic
[] 13 Rheumatism
[] 14 Albinism
[] 15 Kyphoscoliosis (Hunch Back)
[] 16 Other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 2: Population characteristics

Columns (P01) to (P20) -- These should provide particulars of all persons who slept in the household on census night. The questions therefore apply to all persons irrespective of age or sex, except P13 which applies to persons 5 years and above.

P16 and P17 - Type of disability
124. Ask for the type of disability and record the appropriate code (refer to the code list). For example, 'Physical disability (Polio) is 01; 'Physical disability (Amputee) ' is 02, etc.

125. Some people may have more than one disability. In such cases, record the most serious one as main in P16and the other as 2nd in P17.


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Sierra Leone 2015 — source variable SL2015A_SCDISAB — Second disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
All persons [Questions P01-P20]

[Section II was answered for all persons who selected living in occupied housing units in question I15]

Disability [Questions P15-P19]

P17. Second type of disability

Answered only if the respondent answered yes to having a disability in P15.

[] 00 None
[] 01 Physical disability (Polio)
[] 02 Physical disability (Amputee)
[] 03 Blind or visually impaired
[] 04 Partially sighted
[] 05 Deaf
[] 06 Partially deaf
[] 07 Speech difficulties
[] 08 Mute/Dumb
[] 09 Mental difficulties
[] 10 Spinal injury/disability
[] 11 Psychiatric disability
[] 12 Epileptic
[] 13 Rheumatism
[] 14 Albinism
[] 15 Kyphoscoliosis (Hunch Back)
[] 16 Other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 2: Population characteristics

Columns (P01) to (P20) -- These should provide particulars of all persons who slept in the household on census night. The questions therefore apply to all persons irrespective of age or sex, except P13 which applies to persons 5 years and above.

P16 and P17 - Type of disability
124. Ask for the type of disability and record the appropriate code (refer to the code list). For example, 'Physical disability (Polio) is 01; 'Physical disability (Amputee) ' is 02, etc.

125. Some people may have more than one disability. In such cases, record the most serious one as main in P16and the other as 2nd in P17.


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South Africa 2001 — source variable ZA2001A_DSCOMM — Disability - communication
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section A: Information for persons in the household -- ask of everyone
[Section A of this form, each question has 10 answer rows for writing individual answers for up to 10 individuals in the household. Only the first is shown here, which is exactly the same as the other nine.]


P-13. Disability

Does (the person) have any serious disability that prevents his/her full participation in life activities (such as education, work, social life)? Mark any that apply. Dot the appropriate boxes.
[] 0 = None
[] 1 = Sight (blind/severe visual limitation)
[] 2 = Hearing (deaf, profoundly hard of hearing)
[] 3 = Communication (speech impairment)
[] 4 = Physical (e.g. needs wheelchair, crutches or prosthesis; limb, hand usage limitations)
[] 5 = Intellectual (serious difficulties in learning)
[] 6 = Emotional (behavioural, psychological)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question P-13 -- Disability

"Does (the person) have any serious disability that prevents his/her full participation in life activities (such as education, work, social life)?"

Disability is a limitation or lack of ability that prevents a person from performing an activity within the range considered normal, or from behaving in a manner considered normal.

Read out the categories and dot the appropriate boxes. For this question you may have to dot more than one box. Encourage the respondent to name all serious disabilities a person has, e.g. if deaf and wheelchair-bound, dot 2 and 4.

Note that if 1 bad sight is corrected with glasses or 2 bad hearing with a hearing aid, it is not considered a disability for the census.

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South Africa 2007 — source variable ZA2007A_DISABC — Disability: communication
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

P-22 Disability type
What type(s) of disability does (the person) have?
[Question P-22 was asked of persons who had some kind of disability, per question P-21.]
Mark any that apply with an X.
Multiple disabilities are indicated by marking more than one selection.
Read out:
[] 1 Sight (blind/severe visual limitation
[] 2 Hearing (deaf, profoundly hard of hearing)
[] 3 Communication (speech impairment)
[] 4 Physical (needs wheelchair, crutches, etc.)
[] 5 Intellectual (serious difficulties in learning)
[] 6 Emotional (behavioural, psychological)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

(P-22) Disability type: What type/s of disability does (the person) have?
Ask only if "Yes, code 1" to P-21. Read out the options and then mark the appropriate option. If the respondent identifies more than one disability, mark all mentioned with an X.

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South Africa 2011 — source variable ZA2011A_DIFFCOMM — Difficulty communicating
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section C: General health and Functioning
Ask of everyone listed in the flap.

P-12 Health and functioning
Does [the person have difficulty in the following?
Write the appropriate code [number from 1 to 6] in the box.

_ A. Seeing even when using eye glasses
_ B. Hearing even when using a hearing aid
_ C. Communicating in his/her language (i.e. understanding others or being understood by others)
_ D. Walking or climbing stairs
_ E. Remembering or concentrating
_ F. With self-care such as washing all over, dressing, or feeding
1. No difficulty
2. Some difficulty
3. A lot of difficulty
4. Cannot do at all
5. Do not know
6. Cannot yet be determined
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
5. Section C: General health and functioning (remember to follow instructions)
Purpose: Helps to determine the number of people with disabilities in the country for planning and provision of services.

This section must be completed for every person listed on the questionnaire.

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South Africa 2016 — source variable ZA2016A_DISCOMM — Difficulty in communicating
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
3. Person information

[3.7] Household members

[3.7.3] General health and functioning
Now, I am going to ask you health-related questions.

[3.7.3.4] Does the respondent have difficulty communicating in his/her usual language [i.e. understanding others or being understood by others]?

[] 1 No difficulty
[] 2 Some difficulty
[] 3 A lot of difficulty
[] 4 Cannot do at all
[] 5 Do not know

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South Sudan 2008 — source variable SS2008A_DIFFSPK — Difficulty in speaking
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Details of persons in the household -- All household members
[Questions 1 to 14: All persons]


14. Does [the respondent] have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning?

(Mark all that apply)
[] 1 Limited use of legs
[] 2 Loss of leg(s)
[] 3 Limited use of arms
[] 4 Loss of arm(s)
[] 5 Difficulty in hearing
[] 6 Deaf
[] 7 Difficulty in seeing
[] 8 Blind
[] 9 Difficulty in speaking
[] 10 Mute
[] 11 Mental disability
[] 12 No disability
[] 13 Don't know

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Q14 "Does [the respondent] have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning?" Continuing with the first person listed "Person 01", ask question 14. You must ask the question exactly as it is written on the questionnaire. Do not ask if the person has any form of handicap or disability.
  • If the respondent states that a person has no difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, shade "12" for "No disability"
  • If the respondent states that a person does have difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, ask the respondent to mention all problems the person has. Shade the appropriate number of all problems mentioned. For example, a person may be deaf and mute, which means that you would shade "6" for "Deaf" and "10" for "Mute"
  • If the respondent doesn't know if a person has any difficulties, ask if anyone else in the household would be able to answer the question. If no one is able to speak for the person, then shade "13" for "Don't know"
  • This is a multiple response question. Shade all difficulties mentioned for a person, or shade 12 for "No disability" or 13 for "Don't know"


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South Sudan 2008 — source variable SS2008A_MUTE — Mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Details of persons in the household -- All household members
[Questions 1 to 14: All persons]


14. Does [the respondent] have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning?

(Mark all that apply)
[] 1 Limited use of legs
[] 2 Loss of leg(s)
[] 3 Limited use of arms
[] 4 Loss of arm(s)
[] 5 Difficulty in hearing
[] 6 Deaf
[] 7 Difficulty in seeing
[] 8 Blind
[] 9 Difficulty in speaking
[] 10 Mute
[] 11 Mental disability
[] 12 No disability
[] 13 Don't know

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Q14 "Does [the respondent] have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning?" Continuing with the first person listed "Person 01", ask question 14. You must ask the question exactly as it is written on the questionnaire. Do not ask if the person has any form of handicap or disability.
  • If the respondent states that a person has no difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, shade "12" for "No disability"
  • If the respondent states that a person does have difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, ask the respondent to mention all problems the person has. Shade the appropriate number of all problems mentioned. For example, a person may be deaf and mute, which means that you would shade "6" for "Deaf" and "10" for "Mute"
  • If the respondent doesn't know if a person has any difficulties, ask if anyone else in the household would be able to answer the question. If no one is able to speak for the person, then shade "13" for "Don't know"
  • This is a multiple response question. Shade all difficulties mentioned for a person, or shade 12 for "No disability" or 13 for "Don't know"


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Sudan 2008 — source variable SD2008A_DIFFSPK — Difficulty in speaking
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

14. Does [the respondent] have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning?
(Mark all that apply)

[] 1 Limited use of legs
[] 2 Loss of leg(s)
[] 3 Limited use of arms
[] 4 Loss of arm(s)
[] 5 Difficulty in hearing
[] 6 Deaf
[] 7 Difficulty in seeing
[] 8 Blind
[] 9 Difficulty in speaking
[] 10 Mute
[] 11 Mental disability
[] 12 No disability
[] 13 Don't know

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Q14 "Does [the respondent] have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning?" Continuing with the first person listed "Person 01", ask question 14. You must ask the question exactly as it is written on the questionnaire. Do not ask if the person has any form of handicap or disability.
  • If the respondent states that a person has no difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, shade "12" for "No disability"
  • If the respondent states that a person does have difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, ask the respondent to mention all problems the person has. Shade the appropriate number of all problems mentioned. For example, a person may be deaf and mute, which means that you would shade "6" for "Deaf" and "10" for "Mute"
  • If the respondent doesn't know if a person has any difficulties, ask if anyone else in the household would be able to answer the question. If no one is able to speak for the person, then shade "13" for "Don't know"
  • This is a multiple response question. Shade all difficulties mentioned for a person, or shade 12 for "No disability" or 13 for "Don't know"


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Sudan 2008 — source variable SD2008A_MUTE — Mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

14. Does [the respondent] have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning?
(Mark all that apply)

[] 1 Limited use of legs
[] 2 Loss of leg(s)
[] 3 Limited use of arms
[] 4 Loss of arm(s)
[] 5 Difficulty in hearing
[] 6 Deaf
[] 7 Difficulty in seeing
[] 8 Blind
[] 9 Difficulty in speaking
[] 10 Mute
[] 11 Mental disability
[] 12 No disability
[] 13 Don't know

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Q14 "Does [the respondent] have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning?" Continuing with the first person listed "Person 01", ask question 14. You must ask the question exactly as it is written on the questionnaire. Do not ask if the person has any form of handicap or disability.
  • If the respondent states that a person has no difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, shade "12" for "No disability"
  • If the respondent states that a person does have difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, ask the respondent to mention all problems the person has. Shade the appropriate number of all problems mentioned. For example, a person may be deaf and mute, which means that you would shade "6" for "Deaf" and "10" for "Mute"
  • If the respondent doesn't know if a person has any difficulties, ask if anyone else in the household would be able to answer the question. If no one is able to speak for the person, then shade "13" for "Don't know"
  • This is a multiple response question. Shade all difficulties mentioned for a person, or shade 12 for "No disability" or 13 for "Don't know"


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Suriname 2012 — source variable SR2012A_DISCOMM — Difficulty communicating
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Personal module

All persons (health)
[Questions P21a to P23 were asked of all persons about their health.]

P21a. Does this person experience difficulty / problems (with):

N.B.: The person has had (or is expected to have) the complaint(s) for at least 6 months.

Enter one of the following codes in each cell:

[] Tick this box if A to G = 1, 5, 7 or 9, and proceed to P22.
G. Communicating / talking
[] 1 No difficulty / problems
[] 2 Some difficulty
[] 3 Much difficulty
[] 4 Not able to do this at all
[] 5 Doesn't apply, considering age
[] 7 Don't know
[] 9 No response

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Tanzania 2002 — source variable TZ2002A_DISAB — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

06. Disability
Does [respondent] have any disability
[] 1 No
[] Yes _ _

What type of disability? (see codes).

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

B. Questions for all the people
This part involves all people who slept in the household the night before census day. The questions in this part are also found in the short questionnaire.
The questions in this part must be asked to every person following the order set. You must follow the flow of questions as arranged and read the question as written in the questionnaire. For more explanation, refer explanations in part 3.7 (how to ask questions).
Part "B" of the questionnaire contains the following questions:


Question 6: Do you have any disability? If yes, what type of disability?
In this question, we want to know if there is any member of the household who is disabled. If there is, we want to know what kind of disability he/she has. If the member of the household has no disability shade, code "1" in the space provided for question six.
Types of disabilities and their codes are as follows:

[] 1 Not disabled
[] 2 Leprosy
[] 3 Blind
[] 4 Dumb
[] 5 Deaf
[] 6 Albino
[] 7 Mental disability
[] 8 Multiple disability

[Illustration for question 6 is omitted]
[p. 29]
Note: Most parents don't like to show their disabled children; therefore, try to make the head of household understand the importance of enumerating disabled because without knowing the type and total number of disabled it is difficult for the government to make development plans for the disabled, which will help them in the future.

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Thailand 1990 — source variable TH1990A_DISABLE — Disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

L27. Disability
Is (name) disable?
[] 0 Not disabled
[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 3 Dumb
[] 4 Armless, legless
[] 5 Mentally retarded
[] 6 Insanity
[] 7 Paralyzed
[] 8 Others (specify) ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 27: Disability
[Ask everyone]

Ask: "Is ....... (name) ....... disabled?"
[] 0 Not disabled
[] 1 Blind (both eyes)
[] 2 Deaf (both ears)
[] 3 Mute
[] 4 Lost arms or legs
[] 5 Intellectually disabled
[] 6 Mentally handicapped
[] 7 Paralyzed
[] 8 Other (specify)
[] 9 Do not know


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Togo 2010 — source variable TG2010A_DISAB1 — First handicap
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all persons
[Columns P01 to P10B were asked of all persons]

(P10A-P10B) Presence of handicap(s)

[] 0 No handicap
[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 3 Deaf and mute
[] 4 Handicapped lower members
[] 5 Handicapped higher members
[] 6 Mental illness
[] 8 Other handicap (specify) ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
A- Sociodemographic characteristics

Columns P10A and P10B: Presence of handicap(s)

A handicap is any physical, auditory, visual or mental incapacity which leads to a slowing of the productive activity of the individual concerned.

These two columns serve to establish the presence or otherwise of a handicap. Pose the following question:
"Does [the respondent] suffer from any kind of handicap?"
If the response is no, record SH son the dotted lines and put the code 0 in the boxes reserved for this purpose in each of the columns P10A and P10B then go to column P11.
If the response is yes, try to find what handicap they suffer from.

[p. 29]

Taking account of the response obtained, you will record on the dotted lines the appropriate abbreviation then the code of the nature of the handicap in column P10A. If the person surveyed suffers from another handicap, do the same thing in column P10B. If he suffers from one sole handicap, put SH on the dotted lines and the code 0 in the box of the second column (P10B).

[p. 30]

For columns P10A and P10B, the possible responses are:

0 SH = Without handicap
1 AV = Blind
2 SO = Deaf
3 SM = Deaf mute
4 HMI = Handicapped in lower members (that is, amputation or paralysis of one or two feet)
5 HMS = Handicapped in higher members (that is, amputation or paralysis of one or two arms)
6 MM = "Mental illness", record under this heading all persons whose behavior is abnormal (insane, mentally retarded, and so on)
8 AH = Other handicap to be specified

Example 1: Afi is tetraplegic, that is her upper and lower members are paralyzed. You will complete as follows:

P10 A: HMI /_5/
P10 B: HMS /_6/

Example 2: Kossi is blind and suffers from no other handicap. Columns P10A and P10B will be completed as follows:

P10 A: AV /_1/
P10 B: SH /_0/
NB 21: For any person suffering from more than 2 handicaps, record the two major handicaps.

The questions starting from column P11 do not concern visitors. They only concern resident persons. Check to this end if the person surveyed is resident present (RP) or resident absent (RA).


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Togo 2010 — source variable TG2010A_DISAB2 — Second handicap
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all persons
[Columns P01 to P10B were asked of all persons]

(P10A-P10B) Presence of handicap(s)

[] 0 No handicap
[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Deaf
[] 3 Deaf and mute
[] 4 Handicapped lower members
[] 5 Handicapped higher members
[] 6 Mental illness
[] 8 Other handicap (specify) ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
A- Sociodemographic characteristics

Columns P10A and P10B: Presence of handicap(s)

A handicap is any physical, auditory, visual or mental incapacity which leads to a slowing of the productive activity of the individual concerned.

These two columns serve to establish the presence or otherwise of a handicap. Pose the following question:
"Does [the respondent] suffer from any kind of handicap?"
If the response is no, record SH son the dotted lines and put the code 0 in the boxes reserved for this purpose in each of the columns P10A and P10B then go to column P11.
If the response is yes, try to find what handicap they suffer from.

[p. 29]

Taking account of the response obtained, you will record on the dotted lines the appropriate abbreviation then the code of the nature of the handicap in column P10A. If the person surveyed suffers from another handicap, do the same thing in column P10B. If he suffers from one sole handicap, put SH on the dotted lines and the code 0 in the box of the second column (P10B).

[p. 30]

For columns P10A and P10B, the possible responses are:

0 SH = Without handicap
1 AV = Blind
2 SO = Deaf
3 SM = Deaf mute
4 HMI = Handicapped in lower members (that is, amputation or paralysis of one or two feet)
5 HMS = Handicapped in higher members (that is, amputation or paralysis of one or two arms)
6 MM = "Mental illness", record under this heading all persons whose behavior is abnormal (insane, mentally retarded, and so on)
8 AH = Other handicap to be specified

Example 1: Afi is tetraplegic, that is her upper and lower members are paralyzed. You will complete as follows:

P10 A: HMI /_5/
P10 B: HMS /_6/

Example 2: Kossi is blind and suffers from no other handicap. Columns P10A and P10B will be completed as follows:

P10 A: AV /_1/
P10 B: SH /_0/
NB 21: For any person suffering from more than 2 handicaps, record the two major handicaps.

The questions starting from column P11 do not concern visitors. They only concern resident persons. Check to this end if the person surveyed is resident present (RP) or resident absent (RA).


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Trinidad and Tobago 2000 — source variable TT2000A_DISSPK — Speech impairment (talking)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section 3. Disability - For all persons

13. Type of disability

Does (N) [the respondent] have any difficulties in?

[] 01. Seeing (S.) (even with glasses if worn)
[] 02. Hearing (H.) (even with hearing aid if used)
[] 03. Speaking (SP.) (talking)
[] 04. Moving/Mobility (M./M.) (walking, standing, climbing stairs)
[] 05. Body Movements (B.M.) (reaching, crouching, kneeling)
[] 06. Gripping (G.)
[] 07. Learning (L.)
[] 08. Behavioral (B.)
[] 77. Other (O.) (specify) _______
[] 99. Not stated
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 3 - Disability

The main objective of this section is to obtain information on the prevalence of certain types of disabilities among the population. This information can be utilized for monitoring and evaluating national programmes and services concerning the equalization of opportunity, rehabilitation and the prevention of disabilities.

Further, the information would assist in identifying the special needs of persons with disabilities, such as access to buildings, educational reform, training enhancement and employment opportunities.

Question 12 - Longstanding disability

Disability is defined as any restriction or lack of ability (resulting from an impairment) to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered to be normal for a human being.

For the purpose of the census, a disability is only a disability if it has a long lasting continuing consequence, that is, it is a disability provided it has lasted for at least six months or is expected to last for more than six months. Temporary conditions such as broken legs and other illnesses even though they may have restricted one's activities are not to be included.

This question is to be asked about every member of the family, regardless of age or current activity status.

[p.36]

The response positions for this question are:

1. Yes
2. No
3. Not stated

If the response is 1 go to question 13.

If 2 or 9 skip to question 14.

Question 13 - Type of disability

Multiple responses can be ticked.

01. Seeing (even with glasses if worn)
02. Hearing (even with hearing aids if used)
03. Speaking (talking)
04. Moving/mobility (climbing stairs, walking, standing)
05. Body movements (reaching, crouching, kneeling)
06. Gripping (using fingers to grip or handle objects)
07. Learning (intellectual difficulties, retardation)
08. Behavioral (psychological, emotional problem)
77. Other (bathing, dressing, eating etc.)

If the other category is ticked, please specify


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Trinidad and Tobago 2011 — source variable TT2011A_DISSPK — Disability in speaking and understanding (because of a physical, mental or emotional health condition)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section 3: Disability - For all persons

13(b). Disability status

Does the long standing disability prevent (N) [the respondent] from doing any of the following?
[Respondents indicate both the activity and its level of difficulty]

[] 01 Seeing even if wearing glasses?
[] 02 Hearing even if using hearing aid?
[] 03 Walking, climbing steps? (Moving/being mobile)
[] 04 Remembering or concentrating? (Learning)
[] 05 Gripping?
[] 06 Speaking and understanding because of a physical, mental or emotional health condition?

Level:
[] a. Yes - some difficulty
[] b. Yes - a lot of difficulty
[] c. Cannot do at all
Interviewer: Multiple responses can be shaded.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 3 - Disability

3.1. Disability

Persons with disabilities are defined here as those persons who are at greater risk than the general population for experiencing restrictions in performing specific tasks or participating in role activities.

[p.12]

Data about impairments (problems at the level of organs and anatomical structures) is different from data about activity limitations (limitations on the capacity of a person to act or behave in a desired manner, because of a health condition), which again is different from data about participation restrictions (limitations in what a person does that result from an interaction between impairments or activity limitations and barriers created by the person's environment).

Short-term disabilities due to temporary conditions such as broken legs and illness are excluded. Only disabilities lasting for at least six months or expected to last for more than six (6) months are to be included.

The following categories focus on whether the individual has any impairments:

(i) Seeing even if wearing glasses
(ii) Hearing even if using hearing aid
(iii) Walking or climbing stairs (Moving /being mobile)
(iv) Remembering or concentrating
(v) Gripping
(vi) Speaking and understanding because of a physical, mental or emotional health condition

Participation restrictions are problems an individual may experience in involvement in life situations. A participation restriction can be determined by comparing an individual's normal and regular involvement in activities with that expected of an individual without a disability.

The following categories focus on whether the individual has any participation/activity limitations:

(i) Taking care of himself/herself
(ii) Getting around within the home
(iii) Going outside the home
(iv) Working at a job or business.
(v) Undertaking educational activities
(vi) Participating in social activities

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Trinidad and Tobago 2011 — source variable TT2011A_DISSPK2 — Severity of speaking and understanding disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section 3: Disability - For all persons

13(b). Disability status

Does the long standing disability prevent (N) [the respondent] from doing any of the following?
[Respondents indicate both the activity and its level of difficulty]

[] 01 Seeing even if wearing glasses?
[] 02 Hearing even if using hearing aid?
[] 03 Walking, climbing steps? (Moving/being mobile)
[] 04 Remembering or concentrating? (Learning)
[] 05 Gripping?
[] 06 Speaking and understanding because of a physical, mental or emotional health condition?

Level:
[] a. Yes - some difficulty
[] b. Yes - a lot of difficulty
[] c. Cannot do at all
Interviewer: Multiple responses can be shaded.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 3 - Disability

3.1. Disability

Persons with disabilities are defined here as those persons who are at greater risk than the general population for experiencing restrictions in performing specific tasks or participating in role activities.

[p.12]

Data about impairments (problems at the level of organs and anatomical structures) is different from data about activity limitations (limitations on the capacity of a person to act or behave in a desired manner, because of a health condition), which again is different from data about participation restrictions (limitations in what a person does that result from an interaction between impairments or activity limitations and barriers created by the person's environment).

Short-term disabilities due to temporary conditions such as broken legs and illness are excluded. Only disabilities lasting for at least six months or expected to last for more than six (6) months are to be included.

The following categories focus on whether the individual has any impairments:

(i) Seeing even if wearing glasses
(ii) Hearing even if using hearing aid
(iii) Walking or climbing stairs (Moving /being mobile)
(iv) Remembering or concentrating
(v) Gripping
(vi) Speaking and understanding because of a physical, mental or emotional health condition

Participation restrictions are problems an individual may experience in involvement in life situations. A participation restriction can be determined by comparing an individual's normal and regular involvement in activities with that expected of an individual without a disability.

The following categories focus on whether the individual has any participation/activity limitations:

(i) Taking care of himself/herself
(ii) Getting around within the home
(iii) Going outside the home
(iv) Working at a job or business.
(v) Undertaking educational activities
(vi) Participating in social activities

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Turkey 2000 — source variable TR2000A_DISTYPE — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

20. Do you have any physical or mental disability?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (Go to question 22)


21. What kind of disability do you have?

[Question 21 was asked of persons who had physical or mental disability, per question 20.]

(More than one choice may be marked.)

[] 1 Disability of seeing
[] 2 Disability of hearing
[] 3 Disability of speaking
[] 4 Physical/orthopedic disability
[] 5 Mental disability
[] 6 Other

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 20. Do you have any physical or mental handicap (disability)?


Attention! To categorize someone as handicapped, care must be taken to conform to the definition of disability provided below.

Handicapped (disabled):
Resulting from any illness or accident originating at birth or thereafter,

Being unable to adapt to the normal requirements of living, due to some degree of physical, mental, psychological, emotional and social loss of capacity,

An individual requiring training, protection, care, rehabilitation, counseling and support services.


While those handicapped (disabled) temporarily on a short-term basis due to a broken leg or some other such disorder are not to be covered by this question, those handicapped (disabled) for more than six months are to be considered.

In this question, an "X" is to be entered into the "Has" box for those with a physical or mental handicap, and into the "None" box for those without such a handicap. If the answer is "Has", one is to continue from question 21, whereas if the answer is "None", one should skip over to question 22.


Question 21. What kind of handicap (disability) do you have?

(More than one option may be marked)


This [question] seeks to reveal the type of disability that the person being administered the census is suffering from. An "X" is to be marked for the option applicable to the person's type of disability.

In this question, the type of handicap individuals have is to be marked keeping the definitions below in mind:

Visually impaired: Refers to individuals who cannot see at all or have limited sight in one or both eyes, or have no eyes at all.

Hearing impaired: Inability or limited ability to hear in one or both ears, or under some circumstances, only barely able to hear using a hearing aid.

Speech impaired: Refers to individuals who have experienced loss of the lower or upper jaw, of the tongue, palate, those with cleft or defective tongue, palate, lips, who while they may be able to hear cannot speak or who can in some circumstances [only] speak using a device held up to their larynx.

Physically/orthopedically handicapped: Refers to individuals with a deficiency, redundancy, or abnormality visible in the body and in the organs. Those belonging to this group are characterized by a deficiency, disrepair or absence of arms, legs and feet, as well as to paralyzed people -- suffering from childhood paralysis or paralyzed later in life.

Mentally impaired: Refers to people whose learning and comprehension develop later or are slowed down, due to a mental deficiency (retardation). The mentally handicapped (retarded), may vary in the degree of their ability to be taught and to learn, ranging from mild, intermediate, difficult, and very difficult.

People with mental handicaps, may not be able to adjust to their environment, may suffer from difficulties in establishing social relationships, and depending on the severity of their mental handicap (mentally retardation), and may not be able to handle their daily routine needs without the help of others.

If the person suffers from a type of handicap not encompassed by the options provided above, the option of "Other" is to be marked.

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Uganda 1991 — source variable UG1991A_DISAB — Nature of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Complete this section for households, not for institutions

Disability

____ Is anyone who was in the household on census night disabled? (yes or no)
If yes, write: Person number [in blank column header] _____


[Columns provide space to record answers for four persons for the following questions:]

____ Nature of disability (blind, mentally ill, deaf and dumb, polio, amputee, leprosy, cripple, lame epilepsy, mentally retarded, other (specify))
____ Cause of disability (born, disease, accident, inflicted injury, etc.)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Disability

175. "Is anyone who was in the household on census night disabled?"

Nature of Disability

176. By "disabled" we mean any condition which prevents a person from living a normal social and working life.

177. There are many disabilities and conditions which may prevent a person from living a normal life. And they may be difficult to describe accurately. But most people have a good idea of what amounts to disability and for census purposes we have to rely on your judgment and that of the household and persons concerned.

178. There are clear cases of disability such as having lost a leg, or being so crippled by polio that once cannot walk normally, or being mad. There are many cases where it is not so easy. In such cases, common sense must be your guide. If the condition is not so serious as to prevent a person from living a full life and being able to provide for him or her, it should not be counted as a disability.

179. If a person has lost an arm, he or she is disabled. A person who has lost the tip of a finger in an accident would not normally be considered disabled. In the same way a person whose sight is impaired but who wears glasses and can live and work normally while doing so is not disabled for purposes of the census. For census purposes old age is not a disability.

180. If there is anyone in the household who is disabled or whom you and others think of as disabled, write the person number and describe the nature of the disability as best you can in a few words. It is important that you write the person number because we need to know the sex, age and other particulars of the person concerned.

Cause of Disability

181. People may be born with a disability. They may be disabled as a result of illness or because of an injury received by accident or because of an injury inflicted on them by others. Describe the cause as best you can.

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Uganda 2002 — source variable UG2002A_DISAB1 — First disability/major disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons


P13 Disability Does (name) have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or more? (If No write 10 and skip to P16, if Yes write codes for at most 2 mayor difficulties) ___ ___

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[Question P1 - P15 apply to all persons]


Disability
115. A person with a disability is defined as one who is limited in the kind of or amount of activities that he or she can do, because of ongoing difficulty (-ies) due to a long-term physical condition or health problem that has lasted six months or more. This includes all those difficulties that are expected to last more than six months.
116. Note that a person can have a fractured arm or leg due to a road accident and is expected to heal within three months. For purposes of the census, you should not record this person to have a difficulty since the difficulty is expected to last for a shorter period.
117. There are some clear cases of disability such as having lost a leg, or being crippled by polio that one cannot walk normally, or being mad. However, there are also many cases where it is not so clear. In such cases, common sense must be your guide. If the respondent indicates that the condition is not so serious as to prevent a person from living a full life, it should not be counted as a disability.
118. If a person has lost an arm, he or she is disabled. A person who has lost the tip of a finger in an accident should not be considered as disabled. In the same way a person whose sight is impaired but can live and work normally by wearing glasses while doing so is not disabled for purposes of the census.
Question P13: Disability
Ask, "Does (name) have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking difficulty, mental or learning difficulty, which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or more?"
119. If the respondent declares anyone in the Household as disabled, use the codes in the questionnaire and describe the nature of the disability as best as you can. Some persons with disabilities have more than one type of disability. In this case you are required to take the two major forms of disability and assign the appropriate codes in the space provided. Note that the column for each person takes care of two types of disabilities.
120. It is quite common for persons in the Household to hide information about disabilities of their kin, especially the children. Ensure that you attempt to see and probe to obtain the truth.
121. Examples of such categories of persons include, those who have

  • Seeing difficulties: an individual could have a sight problem if he/she cannot see clearly objects that are close to him/her or is unable to figure out objects, which are at a distance. Note that if one wears glasses and ceases to have a problem with sight, then he/ she does not qualify to be recorded as having any seeing difficulties. A separate code for "Blindness" is provided for persons who cannot see at all. If a person has lost one eye, this does not automatically imply that he has a sight problem. Ask the respondent to find out if he/she has a sight difficulty and assign the appropriate code.
  • Hearing difficulties: This includes those who have difficulty in hearing i.e. not following a conversation in a normal voice even with use of a hearing aid. In case an individual has a hearing aid and is able to follow a conversation in a normal voice, then she/he does not have a hearing difficulty. A separate code for unable to hear (deaf) is included for those who cannot hear at all.
  • Speech impairment: Includes persons with problems of speech, even though they are able to hear. Those who are not able to speak at all are categorized as "Mute"
  • Mental Illness (Strange Behavior): This is characterized by strange behaviors and the most common description is mad.
  • Learning difficulty/Mental Retardation: This includes persons with learning difficulties in or out of school and persons mentally less developed than their age mates. They can be adults or children.
  • Epilepsy: This is a condition where a person has episodes of loss or change of consciousness that may last from a few seconds to over an hour. The loss of consciousness is sometimes accompanied by movement of body parts. The loss of consciousness is also called fit. Epilepsy fits are NOT accompanied by fever.
  • Rheumatism: This is of when the joints of a body are swollen, hot and painful. It is often accompanied by limited movement of the joint.


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Uganda 2002 — source variable UG2002A_DISAB2 — Second disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons


P13 Disability Does (name) have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or more? (If No write 10 and skip to P16, if Yes write codes for at most 2 mayor difficulties) ___ ___

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[Question P1 - P15 apply to all persons]


Disability
115. A person with a disability is defined as one who is limited in the kind of or amount of activities that he or she can do, because of ongoing difficulty (-ies) due to a long-term physical condition or health problem that has lasted six months or more. This includes all those difficulties that are expected to last more than six months.
116. Note that a person can have a fractured arm or leg due to a road accident and is expected to heal within three months. For purposes of the census, you should not record this person to have a difficulty since the difficulty is expected to last for a shorter period.
117. There are some clear cases of disability such as having lost a leg, or being crippled by polio that one cannot walk normally, or being mad. However, there are also many cases where it is not so clear. In such cases, common sense must be your guide. If the respondent indicates that the condition is not so serious as to prevent a person from living a full life, it should not be counted as a disability.
118. If a person has lost an arm, he or she is disabled. A person who has lost the tip of a finger in an accident should not be considered as disabled. In the same way a person whose sight is impaired but can live and work normally by wearing glasses while doing so is not disabled for purposes of the census.
Question P13: Disability
Ask, "Does (name) have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking difficulty, mental or learning difficulty, which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or more?"
119. If the respondent declares anyone in the Household as disabled, use the codes in the questionnaire and describe the nature of the disability as best as you can. Some persons with disabilities have more than one type of disability. In this case you are required to take the two major forms of disability and assign the appropriate codes in the space provided. Note that the column for each person takes care of two types of disabilities.
120. It is quite common for persons in the Household to hide information about disabilities of their kin, especially the children. Ensure that you attempt to see and probe to obtain the truth.
121. Examples of such categories of persons include, those who have

  • Seeing difficulties: an individual could have a sight problem if he/she cannot see clearly objects that are close to him/her or is unable to figure out objects, which are at a distance. Note that if one wears glasses and ceases to have a problem with sight, then he/ she does not qualify to be recorded as having any seeing difficulties. A separate code for "Blindness" is provided for persons who cannot see at all. If a person has lost one eye, this does not automatically imply that he has a sight problem. Ask the respondent to find out if he/she has a sight difficulty and assign the appropriate code.
  • Hearing difficulties: This includes those who have difficulty in hearing i.e. not following a conversation in a normal voice even with use of a hearing aid. In case an individual has a hearing aid and is able to follow a conversation in a normal voice, then she/he does not have a hearing difficulty. A separate code for unable to hear (deaf) is included for those who cannot hear at all.
  • Speech impairment: Includes persons with problems of speech, even though they are able to hear. Those who are not able to speak at all are categorized as "Mute"
  • Mental Illness (Strange Behavior): This is characterized by strange behaviors and the most common description is mad.
  • Learning difficulty/Mental Retardation: This includes persons with learning difficulties in or out of school and persons mentally less developed than their age mates. They can be adults or children.
  • Epilepsy: This is a condition where a person has episodes of loss or change of consciousness that may last from a few seconds to over an hour. The loss of consciousness is sometimes accompanied by movement of body parts. The loss of consciousness is also called fit. Epilepsy fits are NOT accompanied by fever.
  • Rheumatism: This is of when the joints of a body are swollen, hot and painful. It is often accompanied by limited movement of the joint.


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Uruguay 2006 — source variable UY2006A_DISSPK — Speech disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

MS5. Do you have permanent speech limitations?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

MS5. Do you have permanent speech limitations?

This refers to the people who have a total impossibility to articulate words or generate and emit messages with their voice and the people who have difficulties of permanent restrictions speaking. For example: people with serious long-term effects of language produced by cerebral lesions, cerebral-vascular accidents, mental delay, stuttering, cleft lip, autism, etc.

Examples for question MS5
  • Ricardo has difficulties articulating words because he suffers a mental delay. This corresponds to option "1".
  • Dario is 6 years old and can't pronounce correctly the letter "r". This corresponds to option "2".


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Venezuela 1990 — source variable VE1990A_MUTE — Mute
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals:
[Questions 1-10 -- are for all person]


10. Do you have any of the following disabilities?

[] Total blindness
[] Total deafness
[] Muteness
[] Mental retardation
[] Loss or disability of upper extremities
[] Loss or disability of lower extremities
[] None of the above

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 1-10 -- are for all persons

Every person in the household should be asked these questions.

-- In the case of people who are absent or of small children, ask the Head of Household or the person who can give the most reliable information.


Question No.10

[Disabilities]
[The instructions refer to a graphic of section VI, question 10 on the census form.]

-- Read the question and the possible answers and fill in the corresponding cell.


Mute:

The person does not speak.


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Zambia 2010 — source variable ZM2010A_DISTYPE — Type of disability
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
P17. What is [the respondent's] disability?
Mark all those that apply

[] 1 Blind
[] 2 Partially sighted
[] 3 Deaf and dumb
[] 4 Deaf
[] 5 Hard of hearing
[] 6 Dumb
[] 7 Mental illness
[] 8 Intellectual
[] 9 Speech impairment
[] 10 Physically disabled
[] 11 Mentally retarded
[] 12 Other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
4.12 Disability

You are about to start a rather sensitive topic. Prepare the respondent by telling him/her that you are now going to start asking questions on disability.

A person with a disability is defined as a person who is limited in the kind or amount of activities that he or she can do because of the ongoing difficulties due to a long term physical condition, mental condition or health problem. Remember that people who have just become amputees should be included as disabled. Short term disabilities due to temporary conditions such as broken legs and illness are excluded.

P-17: What is [the respondent's] disability?

Find out whether this person has difficult in the following and shade appropriately. Also note that a person may have more than one disability. Shade all disabilities reported (multiple responses are allowed).

4.12.1 Type of disability

1. Blind: Complete loss of sight in both eyes.
2. Partially Sighted: Loss of one eye or poor sight but does not mean complete blindness.
3. Deaf and Dumb: Complete loss of sense of hearing and speech. The lack or loss of the ability to hear and speak.
4. Deaf: Complete loss of sense of hearing. The lack or loss of the ability to hear.
5. Hard of hearing: Partial loss of sense of hearing but not complete loss of sense of hearing e.g. the person who uses hearing aids.
6. Dumb: Complete lack of ability to speak.
7. Mental illness: A condition of mental illness with a substantial, adverse and long-term effect on one's ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.
8. Intellectual: Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18.
9. Speech impairment: This is a condition of people who fail to produce meaningful sound words.
10. Physically Disabled: Any person with a physical abnormality relating to the loss of bodily limbs or any deformity in the bodily stature, e.g., the epileptics and leper.
11. Mentally Retarded: Any individual that is either very slow to learn or has defficiency of mental intellect (slow in grasping things, difficulties in remembering things, very slow at responding).
12. Other: Any other disability not mentioned above.

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Zimbabwe 2012 — source variable ZW2012A_DISSPEAK — Difficulty speaking
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
14. Does (the respondent) have any of the following disabilities?

[Question was asked of all persons.]
d. Difficulty speaking
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section B: For all Persons
Begin by saying, "I would like information on ALL people who stayed at this household on the census night. This information is on the names of the persons, their relationship to head of household, their age and sex, survivorship of their parents etc. It is important that you give me as accurate information as possible about each person".

Q14 Disability
The intention here is to capture data pertaining to disability of a moderate to severe nature. The question should be asked to all persons.
Definitions:

a) Impairment: is any loss or abnormality of psychological or anatomical structure or function. (It refers to organs/systems of the body).

b) Disability: refers to any restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in a manner within the range considered normal for a human being (refers to the person and function).

c) Handicap: is a disadvantage for a given individual resulting from an impairment or disability that limits or prevents the fulfilment of a role that is normal (depending on age, sex, social and cultural factors) for that individual (limitations experienced by people with disabilities in their interactions with society.)

Example:

- Impairment: Paralysis of lower limbs after injury
- Disability: Inability to walk
- Handicap: Unable to get employment

Because there is no adequate transport, buildings are not accessible and potential employers do not wish to employ someone with a disability.

Impairment: Mild mental retardation
Disability: Difficulty learning
Handicap: Unable to attend school because teachers do not know how to work with children who are mentally retarded.

In Zimbabwe, the terms disability, impairment and handicap have been used interchangeably to refer to persons with disabilities. Reference has been made to children who are mentally handicapped, people who have visual impairment or people who are physically disabled. To the users, the meaning is only an exercise in semantics.

Classification of disability for Purposes of identification
Disability is difficult because it is not a well-defined condition. Different countries have used different definitions and census methodologies to come up with estimates of prevalence rates.
Developed countries have counted even those with minor disabilities as disabled while developing countries have only counted those that have moderate to severe conditions that need rehabilitation intervention. These are people whose conditions permanently prevent them from performing activities in a manner considered normal for human beings. A person may have minor impairment (e.g. amputation of two toes) but functions normally. Such a person is not considered disabled.

When identifying people with disabilities, the difficulties that they may have as a result of their conditions are classified as follows by World Health Organization:

a) Difficulty moving (physical disability)
b) Totally Blind
c) Difficulty seeing
d) Difficulty speaking
e) Deaf
f) Difficulty hearing
g) Difficulty learning/mental handicap
h) Chronic fits
i) Strange behavior/mental illness
j) Lack of feeling in hands or feet/leprosy
k) Albinism

For the 2012 Census, Zimbabwe will classify people with moderate to severe disabilities according to the same categories.

Explanation of Disabilities and Examples of Conditions That May Cause Disabilities

Condition:

d) Difficulty Speaking

- Cannot speak
- Cannot speak clearly enough to be understood
- No speech
- Difficulty speaking (stammering and cleft palate)